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Ship Arrivals at the Port of Quebec, 1847

The following arrivals were extracted from the Quebec Morning Chronicle of 1847. Please note that sometimes an issue may be missing so this extract may not contain all vessels to these ports.

May | June | July | Aug | Sept | Oct | Nov

August 1847

Aug 1-8 | Aug 9 - 22 | Aug 23 - 31

Monday, August 9, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Monday, August 9, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............3h. 42m. Evening..............4h. 11m.
Aug 7 Ship Rosalinda Hay 23 June Belfast 69 pass to T. Kelly
Aug 7 Bark Sir H. Pottinger Crowel 29 May Cork 335 pass to H. & E. Burstall
Aug 7 Bark Canton Mang 20 June Bremen 232 pass to order
Aug 8 Brig Robert H. Allen Brown 11 June Gloucester   to order
Aug 8 Brig Horatio Fairburn 11 July St. John's, Nfld.   to order
Aug 8 Ship Helen Jackson 6 July Liverpool   to Sharples & Co, salt
Aug 8 Brig Hotspur Ditchburn 30 July St. John, Nfld.   to order
Aug 8 Brig Martha Candlish 21 June St. John, Nfld.   to order
Aug 8 Bark Empress Chalmers 17 June Sunderland   to J. Joseph, coals and coke
Aug 8 Bark Affghan Black 5 July Liverpool   to Dean & Co., salt
Aug 9 Ship Corsair McGregor 20 June Bristol 45 pass to H. & e. Burstall, general cargo
Aug 9 Bark William Young 15 May Newcastle   to T.C. Lee, coals
Aug 9 Bark Margaret Harrison 1 July Liverpool   to T.C. Lee, coals
Aug 9 Brig Valiant Cuthbertson 17 June Liverpool   to G.B. Symes & Co., general cargo
  Shipping Intelligence
The bark Juverna, Sedgwick, sailed hence on Saturday evening, for London, got ashore a little below Point Levi Church, the same night; but got off yesterday evening and returned to port.

The ship Corsair, arrived this morning, has on board seven of the crew of the brig John & Mary, previously reported wrecked on Anticosti.

The bark Affghan, Black, arrived yesterday, exchanged signals with the ship John Bolton, on the 28th July, in lat. 47, N. long. 48, 16 W.-On the 1st inst. in lat. 45, 42, long. 55,54, spoke the ship Lady Milton, of Liverpool.

Captain Jackson, of the ship Helen, arrived yesterday, reports having passed the brig Henry Volant on the 1st instant, off West Point of Anticosti, and on the 6th, the ship Ganges, from Liverpool, with passengers, off Green Island.

The following letters received here on Saturday, furnish us with the particulars of the wrecks of two of our outward bound vessels, in the Gulf,-the Fag-an-Ballac, Webster, bound to Dublin, and the Prince of Waterloo, Forbes, for Aberdeen, both laden with timber,-the latter had also 100 brls. flour.

Letter received by Messrs. T. Curry & Co., from Capt. Forbes, of the Prince of Waterloo, dated on board his ship, 21st July:--
"My ship, the Prince of Waterloo, is laying ashore on Anticosti, about 20 miles to the westward of the South-west Point. The weather has been thick and foggy for the last three days, and we have been unable to go any where. I have got my deck load off-the ship is full of water.-I wait for orders from you and Lloyd's Agent, what to do for the benefit of all concerned. My crew and self are completely worn out from being up night and day since we left Quebec."

Advices from Gaspé say that the mate of the Prince of Waterloo had crossed over to Griffin Cove, and that the vessel has been put into the hands of Lloyd's Agent there, who has despatched two schooners to the wreck to save what they can. The mate and crew returned to the wreck on the 25th in one of the schooners.

The following is an extract of a letter from Captain Webster, of the bark Fag-an-Ballac, to Messrs. Pemberton Brothers, dated- "Pictou, 28th July, 1847.
"You will, no doubt, be surprised to hear of the loss of the bark Fag-an-Bealac[sic], which occurred on the morning of the 14th July, at 3, a.m. on the Point of the West Reef of Brian island near the Magdalen Islands,-a fresh breeze from the N.N.W., thick fog, and contrary currents was the cause of the disaster. No blame being attached to any person on board, as at the time our distance by log gave us nearly 30 miles past the place of disaster. It had been thick and variable for two days previous. She soon after striking bilged, hogged and filled. No one would take in hand to save the cargo for me-she being much exposed. I chartered two fishing schooners to take the crew and materials to Pictou, which will be sold on the 2nd August. The hull and cargo I sold on the spot for 50, to mr. Munsay, Lloyd's Agent at the magdalen Islands, there being no one to oppose him. There was no one here to entrust the property with, nor any place to land it, not even to land a long-boat in safety. I have done all I could under the circumstances, and i sincerely hope all parties will be satisfied."

We copy the following from the Miramichi Gleaner of the 27th ult.:
"The schooner Victoria, from Quebec, with 20 passengers, anchored at the Quarantine ground on Tuesday last. She had three cases of typhus fever on board. The passengers and crew were landed on Middle Island this morning, the Captain securing the maintenance of the healthy passengers and crew until discharged."

Government Emigration Office,
Quebec, 7th Aug., 1847.
Number of Emigrants arrived at the Ports of Quebec and Montreal, during the week ending this date.--
From England 918
" Ireland 4021
" Germany 1328
" Lower Ports 10
Previously reported 63,729
To same period last year 27,143
Increase in favour of 1847 42,863
A.C. Buchanan,
Chief Agent.

In the ship Prince Albert, from New York for London-Mrs. Benjamin and servant, of Canada.

In the packet ship New York, from Liverpool at New York-Miss S. Griffin, of Canada.

Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
August 8th-Messrs. James M. Anderson, J. Barling, Charles Meyer and lady, Mrs. Harrison, Baltimore; Messrs. C.J. Shedd, A. Backers, Jr., Auburn, New York; Mr. H.S. Dexter, Mr. Cunningham, New York City; Mr. G.R. Baldwin and lady, Boston; Mr. Wm. Howell and two ladies, New York; Mr. J.S. Inloes and lady, Baltimore; Rev. John Cornwall, Messrs. J.E. Hearle, C. Drolet, Chas. D. Roy, Montreal.

An autograph signature of Anna Boleyn sold in London, last week, for 6 10s.: one of Charles I. For 31s. 6d.; an autograph letter of Lord Bacon for 10 guineas; and one of Gallileo for 14 15s.

Buffalo, August 6th.
Mr. Wise made his second ascent in his balloon this afternoon: the wind was by no means so high as on a former occasion, and the ascent was, therefore, more beautiful, and the view more prolonged. The balloon rose very steadily; and, on taking the wind, it mounted most majestically, taking a southwest direction, passing from the city directly over Lake Erie. This caused some anxiety below for he safety of Mr. Wise; but it seemed not to have been shown in the least by him. He mounted steadily through the air, waving his handkerchief until he was out of sight. He descended, and was picked up by one of the Lake craft.

We learn from the Montreal Herald that the British Government has sent out two gentlemen with a certain description of chemical agent, recently invented by M. Ledoyen, and an English gentleman of scientific attainments, for the purpose of trying how far it may be useful for the purpose for which it is intended, viz: the destruction of the contagious and noxious qualitites of the air arising from bed in hospitals and sick rooms, drains, &c. These gentlemen are now on their way to Grosse Isle.

The same paper announces the arrival of Governor Sir George Simpson at the Hudson's Bay House, Lachine, from the interior. He was accompanied on his journey from Red River, by Lieut.-Colonel Crofton, of the 6th Foot, late Commandant of the garrison at that place. The presence of Her Majesty's troops at the Red River settlement, is said to have had the most happy effects, in strengthening the loyalty of the inhabitants-proving to them that, however distant and comparatively unimportant to the great Empire, of which their country forms one of the outposts, their happiness and welfare is not forgotten or neglected by the Central Government. The garrison, consisting of 300 men-including Artillery and Engineers,-were, when Sir George's party left Red River, in a state of health and comfort, and deservedly very popular with the inhabitants.

Meeting of the Board of Health
Saturday, 7th August, 1847.
Present:-Messrs. Henderson, McDonald, Gauvreau, Gingras, Légaré, Bureau, Sirois, Lee.

Mr. Légaré in the Chair.

The minutes of last meeting were read and approved.

Mr. McDonald gave notice that he would move at the next meeting of the Board, on Monday the 9th instant,

1st. That this Board seeing the Corporation will neither establish an Hospital for those sick of contagious diseases, nor put it in the power of this Board to do so, resolve to resign in a body.

2nd. That the Secretary be instructed to settle with the Inspector and wardens, discharge them, and that a Committee be named to make up the accounts, and hand over the books and papers to the proper authorities.

Adjourned to Monday at 4 o'clock, P.M.

Tuesday, August 10, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Tuesday, August 10, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............6h. 6m. Evening..............6h. 24m.
Aug 9 Bark Anne Rankin McArthur 27 June Glasgow 332 pass to A. Gilmour & Co, coals and iron
Aug 9 Ship Frankfield Robinson 29 June Liverpool 528 pass to LeMesurier & Co
Aug 9 Bark Odessa Laverty 9 June Dublin 242 pass to Ryan Brothers
Aug 9 Bark Tropic Burgess 2 July London 82 pass to Gillespie & Co, general cargo
Aug 9 Bark Royal Adelaide Potts 9 June Killala 237 pass to order, coals
Aug 9 Bark Covenanter Patterson 17 June Cork 329 pass to J. Munn
Aug 9 Schr Jessie McAllister 25 June Limerick 108 pass to leMesurier & Co
Aug 9 Schr Victoria Blais 1 Aug Miramichi 31 pass to order
Aug 9 Brig Lady Lilford Johnston 31 July Newfld   to McTavish & Co
Aug 9 Brig Vesta Bugg 29 June Limerick 113 pass to LeMesurier & Co
Aug 9 Bark Zealous Richards 17 June London 120 pass to Gillespie & Co, general cargo
Aug 10 Ship Yorkshire Tripp 9 June Liverpool 392 pass to LeMesurier & Co
Aug 10 Bark Falcon Withycomb 29 June Bristol   to H. & E. Burstall
Aug 10 Bark Pomona Colby 21 June Bremen 225 pass to order
Aug 10 Bark Naomi Wilson 15 June Liverpool 334 pass to Thos. Froste & Co, salt
Aug 10 Bark Countess of Arran Henderson 30 June Donegal 205 pass to LeMesurier & Co
Aug 10 Brig Henry Volant Collis 16 June Ballyshannon 63 pass to G.H. Parke & Co
Aug 10 Brig Westmoreland Walker 12 June Sligo 207 pass to Gordon & Nicol
  Shipping Intelligence
A letter has been received here from the mate of the bark Naparima, from Dublin, with passengers, by Messrs. T. Curry & Co., dated off Bic, 6th instant, announcing the death of Captain Thomas Brierley, who died on the 3rd inst., and was buried the same day. The Naparima had a passage of 50 days, and was short of provisions-had about 20 of her passengers sick, but were recovering when the mate wrote-he intended to put into the first convenient place for supplies.

The Countess of Arran spoke the Marchioness of Bute on the Banks, on the 18th July, all well.

Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
August 10th-Mr. Samuel French, New York; Messrs. James F. McGuire, J.W. Marston, Junr., James R. Tibbitts, Boston; Mr. James Davidson, England; Mr. S.W. Marston, Newburyport, Mass.; Mr. Wm. Badger, Junr., Dartmouth College; Messrs. Millard Fillmore lady and daughter, F.M.P. Fillmore, Buffalo; Mr. Henry Owen, Montreal.

Latest From Grosse Isle
We are pained to announce that the latest intelligence from the Quarantine Station is gloomy in the extreme. We are informed upon the most reliable authority, that since the season commenced, the sickness has not been more severe or the circumstances so perplexing to those in authority, as at present. The number in hospital yesterday was 2240. It was never so crowded, and the mortality is alarming. Captain Reid, of the Marquis of Breadalbane, died in hospital on the 7th, and the Captain of the Virginius, the day after his arrival at Grosse Isle.

The following is a list of the arrivals at Grosse Isle since our last report:
Brig Vesta, Brigg, Limerick, ballast, LeMesurier & Co., 113 pas., 2 deaths.

Brig Henry Volant, Collis, Ballyshannon, ballast, G.H. Parke & Co., 49 pas., 1 death.

Bark Ellen Simpson, Newman, Limerick, ballast, 8 cabin, 184 steer. Pas., to order, 4 deaths.

Bark Countess of Arran, Henderson, Donegal, 2 cabin, 205 steerage pas., to order, 2 deaths.

Brigt. Anna Maria, Dillon, Limerick, Pembertons, 119 pas., 1 sick, 1 death.

Bark Amy, White, Bremen, ballast, 2 cabin, 289 steerage pas., no sick.

Brig Watchful, Snells, Hamburgh, order, 145 pas., no sick.

Ship Ganges, Smith, Liverpool, order, 393 pas-80 sick, 45 deaths.

Bark Corea, Finlay, Liverpool, Froste & Co., 11 cabin, 501 steerage pas.-7 sick, 18 deaths.

Bark Larch, Dove, Sligo, E. & J.E. Oliver, 440 pas-150 sick, 108 deaths.

Bark Naparima, Brierly, Dublin, T. Curry & Co., 3 cabin, 226 steerage pas-17 sick, 7 deaths.

Bark Britannia, Simpson, Greenock, LeMesurier & Co., 386 pas., 25 sick, 4 deaths.

Brig Trinity, Bowler, Limerick, Pembertons, 3 cabin, 86 steerage pas., all well.

Bark Lilias, Harrison, Dublin, 219 pas., 6 sick, 5 deaths.

Bark Brothers, Craiggie, Dublin, 3 cabin, 318 st. pas., order, 6 deaths.

A full rigged ship just coming in-not yet boarded.

Quebec Marine Hospital
Report of Admittance, Deaths, &c., from the 31st July to the 7th August.
Admitted 266
Discharged 188
Died 97
Remaining 844

We learn that Capt. Morin, his son and Pinsonneault, three of the Canadian exiles, arrived this morning by the ship Zealous, from London.

A division of the 81st Regiment, from Toronto, is expected to arrive here to-day, and will march up to the Splinter Proof Barrack, and remain in Garrison until the Transport Blenheim, is ready to receive them on board.

Sixty millions bushels of breadstuffs, says an English paper, are annually converted into intoxicating poison by the distillers and brewers of Great Britain, while seven millions of her poor are starving for bread.

(To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle.)

Sir,-The influx of emigrants to our shores is this year excessive, and the circumstances attending them serious and afflicting; the mortality amongst them has been and now is prodigious. Already many thousands have fallen a sacrifice to the Fever, and I fear it may be confidently anticipated that an equal number will die before the cold weather sets in. The very great alarm that has existed in the towns and cities where the emigrants have landed, though at present in some measure lulled, from the apparent reduced rate of mortality is in no wise reduced. It is fallacious to imagine that the weekly returns from the various hospitals are a pulse of the existing distress, for thousands of these poor creatures have already been absorbed into districts where it was their intention to locate themselves; but even there the ravages of disease have not spared them, for it is to be feared that numbers have died of whose deaths we have no official return.

This fearful sickness, I am convinced, is precipitated by the manner in which the poor creatures are huddled together in such numbers and into such vessels as are too frequently, entirely unadapted to the purpose of passenger ships. The idea that the Fever originates from the starved condition, and consequent impoverished constitutions, with which the people embark, I believe to be incorrect; although there cannot be a doubt that the disease was in existence in Ireland previous to their embarkation, and as little doubt that constitutions impoverished by starvation are more predisposed to prevailing disorders than men in full health and well fed. Every one acquaintsd[sic] with emigration will be forcibly struck with the utter impossibility of preserving such a vast number of people so crowded together in even (if I may use the term) a moderate state of health, if even the vessels were not subject to the vicissitudes of a sea voyage; the space apportioned to passengers, where numbers are apportioned to tonnage, or deck superficies, is insufficient for that convenience and comfort so essential to the preservation of cleanliness and health. The system of apportioning number to deck space or tonnage, I conceive to be bad; for to any one acquainted with ships, it is a well known fact that two vessels of equal tonnage have not equal facilities for accommodation, and closeness in a contaminated atmosphere is well known to be highly prejudicial to health; and where the are three or four hundred passengers, the best of them only in a moderate state of health, existing in the between decks of a vessel with her hatches battened down during theavy weather, if the seeds of infection are there, they will strike with deadly effect; where under other circumstances, in the majority of cases, they would probably be harmless. In a conversation I lately had with the intelligent master of the ship Elizabeth, that brought passengers from Liverpool, he informed me that the majority of the deaths amongst infants on his passage were caused by suffocation, whilst sleeping with their parents during heavy weather. This fact is appalling. That a mother who gave her child birth and hailed its existence with fond hopes of future happiness, should unconsciously, during a moment whilst her feelings were blunted by a temporary sickness, deprive it of life! Could such casualties as these not be averted, or at least reduced, by the adoption of a better and more humane system than the present? The Act of may, 1845, which exempted vessels carrying more than fifty passengers, on a North American voyage, from the obligation of carrying a Medical Practitioner, was, in my humble opinion, the death knell to thousands of those who since sailed for out shores. Under ordinary citcumstances[sic], intelligent Captains of vessels may successfully combat the common diseases incident to a sea voyage; but, when malignant and infectious diseases break out, which, amongst our best qualified practitioners, require no ordinary discriminating talent to detect, and which frequently require energetic remedies to combat, I would appeal to reason and ask, under what circumstances can it be expected that a Captain, however intelligent, can possibly be of service? like the waves of an increasing tide, it will roll onward, until its climax is attained, and none but the more robust constitutions, like shattered rocks, are left to behold the effect of its sweeping and merciless ravages.

It is frequently and I think justly said, "that it is easier to point out the deficiencies of a system than to suggest any other more calculated to fulfill the obligations required; but it is fallacious to imagine than any regulations immediately connected with emigrants on board, can, during the present system, to any appreciable extent, mitigate the excessive misery that unfortunately, in almost every vessel that arrives with passengers, presents itself; for to any one who has witnessed the arrival of an emigrant ship, with her full complement of passengers as by law allowed, under the present system of apportioning number to deck space and tonnage, he will be instantly struck with the utter impossibility of establishing in so crowded a space any regulation (however perseveringly enforced) that can hold out even a bare hope of success. Under this impression, I therefore humbly suggest the six following propositions, firmly believing they will work successfully, if enforced with scrupulous rigour:--

1st.-That such ports only in the United Kingdom be appointed Ports of embarkation, as are most contiguous to those districts which, in the judgment of the Government, will have the greatest number likely to migrate; and to which those vessels most calculated as Passenger ships, generally trade; always, where convenient, selecting the larger maritime towns.

2nd.-That such convenient places be selected near to, but not in the said towns, on which to erect buildings, that migrating parties arriving may have accommodation afforded them until the vessels be ready to receive them.

3rd.-That vessels taking passengers, more than fifty, be compelled to erect two bulks heads between decks, at such distances from each other, and enclosing such a space as may hereafter be deemed necessary. The said bulks heads to have passages through them, so long as the people remain in a healthy condition; but in the event of contagious disease breaking out, the first bulks head being closed and rendered perfectly tight, to be converted into an hospital for the sick; but should the patients become too numerous to be accommodated therein, in that case the second bulk's head to be closed and the space similarly converted.

4th.-That the system as at present existing, of apportioning number to deck space or tonnage, be done away with, and that the number of passengers any vessel is capable of accommodating, be ascertained by two or more highly respectable Physicians.

5th.-That instead of making the berths all one size, 6 feet by 5, as is done now; that the necessities of the people be looked to, and when the Surveyors have reported the number the vessel can accommodate, that it be ascertained by application to the agent, how many in that number are married and have families, under 14 years of age, and how many are unmarried; and the berths under proper inspection be accordingly constructed, allotting the greatest space where the greatest necessity exists.

6th.-That the Act of May, 1845, exempting vessels carrying more than 50 passengers, from the obligation of having on board a Physician, Surgeon or Apothecary, be repealed. And it be made compulsory for ships carrying more than 50 passengers to North America to have a medical practitioner on board, and that where the number of passengers is large, that an assistant or assistants to the said practitioner be appointed, also that the chief medical practitioner have it in his power to command such precautions to be taken, and all legal regulations to be enforced as he may from circumstances deem necessary for the preservation of health, especially causing all rules for the observation of cleanliness to be rigorously obeyed.

As every new proposition which is intended to supersede an existing system ought to bear on the face of it some appearance of argument to recommend its adoption, I would humbly suggest the following reasons fro the adoption of the foregoing propositions. No. 1 proposition is, in my opinion necessary, as it not only reduces the travelling expenses and inconveniences attending migrating parties going thither, but it insures, as in No. 4, is proposed, a greater certainty of procuring men whose judgement and integrity could be relied on; this is of great importance, for as the power intended to be invested in their hands, must necessarily in some measure be arbitrary, it is of great consequence they should be such individuals as have standing sufficient to create respect, and whose known judgment and honesty place them above prejudice; and in large maritime towns such parties are most likely to be met with; entailing the least possible expense on the country. The places of accommodation as suggested in No. 2, ought to be of sufficient capacity to accommodate double the number of the yearly average calculation of the past three years: by confining the ports of embarkation to the larger maritime towns, it affords greater facilities for procuring materials and labour, also for such as can do it, the emigrants provisioning themselves with the best food at the least possible cost. A greater amount too of professional aid would be more easily procured, should sickness break out. And an emigrant agent being on the spot would be enabled to detail to captains of vessels what were the necessary regulations to be observed in the construction of the berths. In No. 3, I suggest the necessity of erecting bulks heads in such a way that the passage through them can at any time be tightly closed and the space be made available to the purposes of an Hospital: this suggestion I think reasonable; for there can be no doubt that healthy people existing in the same apartment where contagious disease is present, will, in all human probability, become contaminated. The first bulks head would have to be constructed in such a position as to cut off as little space as possible; the second would have to allow a greater space. Those bulks heads would in no wise reduce the capacity of vessels for carrying, or in the least incommode passengers; the spaces they enclosed would be available for he people, the same as any other portion of space, so long as contagious disease was absent; and even when disease did appear, the first bulks head only would be closed, thus only requiring the few passengers that space contained to be removed. And if unfortunately the disease spread against every precaution, in that case only would the 2nd be required; with such a precaution it is only reasonable to think that many might be preserved, who otherwise in immediate connection with the disease would assuredly become sick: this suggestion could, of course, only become valuable and effective from the adoption of No. 6, the adoption of which, from reasons previously stated, I consider to be imperatively necessary; but as the establishment of such a regulation would entail extra expense somewhere, it is very natural to ask who is to pay. If the ship-owners, they must be refunded by an increased rate of passage money; whereas the present rates in too many instances are found too much by people who are leaving their country from poverty; yet the lamented circumstances attending emigrant vessels arriving at our shores this year shew the positive necessity of professional aid attending them during the passage, if for nothing else, at least for humanity's sake. Would it then be ungracious to lay the burthen on the Home Government, whose paupered counties emigration is relieving by the consequent reduction of the parochial rates? Would it, I repeat, be ungracious to ask that country to find professional aid for her pauper population on their transit to our shores, when the want of that aid is entailing the misery of malignant disease amongst her colonial population, more dire and calamitous in its effects than the ravages of the cholera in 1834? I answer, if it is right for a government to place the diseased inhabitants of one part of her dominions (the power being within her reach to check it) amidst the healthy inhabitants of the remaining part of her dominions, then has the Imperial Government of Great Britain a right to inflict that severity on her colonies of North America, which did it fall upon us accidentally, would be justly considered the solemn vengeance of a frowning Deity. But let us hope such will not continue to be the case. Great Britain is not a land where the voice of justice can long be stifled: she possesses heads and hearts too intelligent and sympathetic, to close her ears to those cries of misery and despair that are wafted from our shores to the feet of her rulers. The application of professional aid to emigrants on their passage to this colony might be made not only beneficial to emigrants, but subservient to the profession itself. For to those of the more able and forward students of the British Universities who are sufficiently qualified to undertake such a responsibility, it would be an opportunity that would afford experience, and at a time too, when, I believe, the study of Anatomy is, from the hot weather, in some degree suspended. But there must be some stimulus applied to enforce such an inclination; that I conceive would be best effected by the offer on the part of the Home Government, of adequate compensation to such young gentlemen as were competent and chose to undertake the situation; and I am confident there are not only many intelligent and able young men in England, but also in Canada, who would, if sufficient inducement was held out, go to Great Britain in the Fall, knowing their residental expenses would be partially repaid them by the salary they would receive on their return.

[To Be Continued in next issue.]

Wednesday, August 11, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Wednesday, August 11, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............6h. 41m. Evening..............6h. 56m.
Aug 10 Brig Henry Simon 30 July St. John's Newfld   to G.B. Symes & Co
Aug 11 Brigt Anna Maria Dillon 3 July Limerick 116 pass to Pembertons
Aug 11 Brig Trinity Bowler 19 June [not given] 64 pass to Pembertons
Aug 11 Ship Lord Wellington Winsted 5 July Liverpool   to Beswick, Mitchell & Co, salt
Aug 11 Bark August Buttel 15 June Bremen 170 pass to order
Aug 11 Bark Amy White 26 June Bremen 292 pass to order
  Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
August 11th-Mr. N. Hammond, Bytown; Mr. Stephen P. Leeds and lady, Brooklyn, New York; Messrs. Geo. A. Jones, A.M. Jones, J.M. Pendleton, F.S. Stafford, New York; Mr. Daland, lady and daughter, Mass.; Dr. Cox and lady, Mr. J.W. Hickok, Vermont; Mrs Whelpley, Miss Buell, Mr. H. Hickok, Montreal; Mr. James H. Rice, Mr. A. Davy, Lancemburgh.

[From our Montreal Correspondent.]
"An extra from the New Orleans National says:--
General Scott entered the capital of Mexico on the 17th ultimo.

The news brought by the courier to Vera Cruz-Gen. Scott met with no opposition till within four miles of the city, where a battle was fought. The enemy gave way, and the civil authorities came out and capitulated. The American loss is put down at 300; the Mexican loss is reported to be heavy, but the amount not stated. Santa Anna and Canales had a quarrel.

...Fever increasing in new Orleans.

...[Montreal] The sickness, both at the sheds and in the city, is, I am happy to say, on the decrease. During last week, the number of deaths at the sheds numbered 64-citizens, 134. The number now sick in the hospital at Windmill Point, is stated at 1218. Dr. Liddell, late superintendent of the sheds, has quite recovered from the fever, and is able to go out. Dr. Munro, one of the assistants, is also convalescent.

The weather has been very warm today, the thermometer indicating 89 - 92 degrees.

Latest From Grosse Isle
We received this morning the subjoined intelligence from Grosse Isle, reaching to yesterday, from which it will be seen that, for the week ending 7th instant, there were 307 deaths in all, at the hospital, the tents, and on board the vessels at the Station.

Hospital Return from 1st to 7th August.
Remaining on the 1st 1704
Admitted since 778
Total 2482
Discharged 170
Died 196
Remaining 2116

Of the above there are 2038 cases of fever, and 78 of small pox.

There were 24 deaths at the tents allotted for the healthy passengers during the same period.

The bodies of 40 adults and 47 children, have been landed from the vessels there and buried on the Island.

The passengers of the Free Trader, Saguenay, Larch and Ganges had not been landed, for want of room on the Island.

Remaining in Hospital yesterday, Aug. 10.
Men 856
Women 726
Children 518

We are glad to learn that the City Council at a special meeting held on Monday evening last, resolved to take immediate possession of the Cavalry Barracks as a Fever Hospital for the citizens; and that the Board of Health be requested to have the necessary preparations effected for that purpose. This decision of the Council, we believe, was hastened by a meeting of citizens representing the Protestant population, held at the Custom House on Monday last; when it was resolved, that in the event of the Corporation declining to provide for a place of the above description, they would take immediate steps to provide a temporary hospital for the Protestant sick. A deputation was appointed, who waited upon the Mayor, requesting he would call a special meeting to take the matter into consideration. This was accordingly done, and resulted as above mentioned. We cannot for a moment doubt the willingness of the citizens to meet the increased outlay occasioned by the fitting up and support of so desirable an institution; and we trust that the resolution of the Council will meet with that prompt despatch in execution which the alarming prevalence of disease, especially in the suburbs, so loudly calls for.

The communication on emigration signed "P.A." commenced in our paper of yesterday and concluded in the present number, is the production of a mercantile gentleman, lately arrived in this country. It does not require a word of encomium for us, as we feel persuaded our readers who have perused the commencement of the article have been favorably impressed with the abilities of the writer and with the manner in which he treats his subject. Such correspondents are valuable auxiliaries to the public press of any country, but more especially in one so comparatively young as Canada, where the rich vein of thought and experience they possess can be creditably and profitably employed.

Emigration [Concluded]

(To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle.)

Now, Mr, Editor, I come to deal with that branch of this important subject, which is manifestly fraught with much greater difficulties than the one I have just concluded, I refer to that which embodies the disposal of the emigrants on their arrival here. The thousands that come to our shores may, in mercantile language, be looked upon as an importation of raw material at a certain cost; it therefore depends upon the manner in which we deal with it, whether or no it will be profitable. If its application is suited to the exigencies of the case, it will be so; if not, it will be otherwise. There are two grand principles to be borne in view in dealing with the subject. First, the amalgamation of British and French Canadian interests, and consequent reduction of those national jealousies and prejudices, which unfortunately exist; secondly, the opening out the resources of the country by affording channels of cheap communication with the Atlantic ports, that mercantile industry, skill and capital may be applied to the aggrandizement of the colony. There is an opinion entertained by many, that by allowing emigrants to locate themselves without system, as chance may direct, indiscriminately over the face of the country, the object of amalgamation would be best attained; but it is evident that should indiscriminate settlement go forward, a very long period must elapse before any real change of feeling generally can be produced. Certainly not before each party had become acquainted to a sufficient extent with each other's language, to be reciprocally enabled to interchange their ideas. This must, indeed, be the first step to the destruction of those national animosities which, whilst they exist, are not only a bane to society, but are prominently obstructive to the advance of the colony. There can, I am of opinion, be no very sanguine expectation of such happy result being attained with the present generation; but unless the seed be sown we cannot expect to reap the harvest. It is from the rising generation we must expect that happy period in the future history of Canada, when the whole colony, untinged with petty animosities or national prejudices, will feel they are one people, whose interests are the same and inseparable. That an amalgamation of national interests is perfectly reasonable, is forcibly exemplified in and around our own city of Quebec, where the commingling of the two parties within the last twenty years has been so happily effected; yet I am inclined to think this object may be more certainly and speedily attained by other and more effectual means. I mean that of the appliance on an extensive scale of labour to the opening out the resources of the colony. That there are extensive mineral fields in the country, is probed by recent discoveries in the Upper Province, and the very mountainous appearance around our own city seems to suggest the existence of similar fields here: even within short distances of Quebec we meet with chalybeate springs and streams flowing through the forest, the heavy ferruginous deposits of which seem to indicate the presence of iron stone; but it cannot be reasonably expected that the spirit of mercantile enterprise will be turned from its present channels, and men be induced to embark into new speculations, where great preliminary expense is entailed, until they perceive outlets, by which the material sought for can be rendered a convertible merchandize. The first and only means that would give that turn to enterprise, is by affording us a means of continuous communication to such ports on the shores of the Atlantic, as have harbours that are never ice-bound, taht our produce and other merchandize can always be pushed forward, and merchants be enabled to realize, freed from the intolerable disadvantage and drag of having to pay warehouse rent on material and interest for 6 months on a dormant capital.

In a very able despatch from her Majesty's Secretary of State for the Home Department to his Excellency the Governor General of Canada, published in your paper of July 28th, it is easily seen the Home Government are alive to our wants; and we have every thing to hope from the prudence and business habits of Lord Elgin. We are there led to believe that the Mother Country will make liberal advances, but with the determination that they shall only be applied to the formation of railroads and canals. And I am convinced in this determination the true interests of the colony are best consulted. A line of Railway to Halifax has now long been a subject of conversation; the advances necessary for pushing it forward are promised; next year in all probability we will have a large emigration. What more then, do we want, to form the elements for its execution, save energy on the part of the Provincial Government to institute an active survey. And I would humbly suggest, should such be their determination, that the following suggestions relative to emigrants form part of the system.

1st.-That some place sufficient commodious, as near to Grosse Isle as convenient, be appointed for the reception of healthy emigrants.

2nd.-That all vessels after discharging their sick and healthy passengers shall, in the presence of a government officer be efficiently purified, first, by fumigating with some detergent combustible preparation, and afterwards by thoroughly washing their between decks, &c., be allowed to proceed to the completion of their voyage.

3rd.-That all such emigrants as are inclined to labour on the Railway, or at any other government employment, be with as little delay as possible forwarded to their destination, and all such as have other destinations be afforded every facility of reaching the same.

4th.-That all such emigrants as are employed at the Railway works, only be allowed to remain as labourers at the same for two years, and that at the termination of the said period, if it be deemed necessary to retain any portion of the first year's labourers, that so many of them may in that case be compelled to settle as may in the judgment of the Government be deemed suitable and politic. The Government affording them such aid as is necessary, to assist in the erection of their log houses, making roads, &c.

5th.-That a fund be established, and that the said fund receive a compulsory support by the detention of a portion of the labourers' wages, as is done on the part of Great Britain with her seamen. And that at the termination of the period of any workman, his time for settlement having arrived, the amount of his contributions, with interest thereon, be allowed in part payment for his allotment.

6th.-(As has been elsewhere recommended,)-That only a part of the allotment be allowed to be purchased at the commencement, making a reservation of, say one third, to be paid for at a higher rate at some future time.

I suggest these in the humble hope they may be of service. No. 1, I consider to be necessary, inasmuch as this year's experience has proved to us, the necessity, if possible, of preventing such large numbers of emigrants entering our cities, which has proved so fatal to so many of the inhabitants. The detention of the healthy, at some place not distant from Quebec, would assuredly be better than their continuance on board, and if latent disease was amongst them, it would spare our citizens from the contamination and misery they have this year experienced; the vessels, as in No. 2 proposed, would undergo thorough purification and be allowed to proceed. The circumstances attending them this year forcibly illustrate its necessity; if we consider the detention of all the earlier arriving emigrant vessels, being a bar to their performance of a second voyage to our port, and a loss of probably more than twenty thousand pounds to our cities inasmuch as that sum would have been thrown into circulation from their disbursements, had such voyage been performed, it will not be wondered at, that such a suggestion is made; without taking into account the immense loss accruing to owners, who, instead of receiving from 46s to 50s per load, for timber from hence, will, in lieu thereof, only make from 26s to 30s from St. Petersburg; and the benefit of ships' disbursements go to a foreign nation. No. 3 bears on the face of it its own necessity; but the suggestion in No. 4, I consider to be highly important, because it would be fulfulling to the letter that portion of the plan mentioned in Lord Grey's despatch to the Governor General, inasmuch as the compulsory system of settlement would place it in the power of the Provincial Government to form villages, and apportion the land in such a manner as to be most convenient to them; it would likewise include that part of the plan of Mr. O'Connell, for transplanting, as it were, a purely Irish race of people into the heart of Canada, with this difference, that it would not be attended by any serious advance of capital; and what was advanced, would be in the prosecution of a design, which, when completed, would be a permanent benefit to the Colony, and a profitable enterprise; it would place a strong British interest into the heart of the Colony, which as the work went forward, from the lateral branches that would naturally ensure, would give a speedy and direct communication with all parts of Canada, being a more effectual means of amalgamating those interests, the union of which is the only link wanting to establish the permanency of the Colony, and render our future existence as certain as that great empire, of which we form an integral part. Of course, if this system was adopted, it would require the fostering hand of Government to assist the settlers in erecting their log houses, making their roads, and directing them, in its wisdom, to the most effectual means of clearing their land by associating themselves into Societies, as named in Lord Grey's despatch; schools and places of worship would of course be attended to, and the moral instruction of the people be in no wise neglected. The fund suggested would be a safeguard against improvidence, and the reservation of the one third of each allotment to be at some future time paid for, is but an act of justice and self-protection to the Government itself; as it insures the repayment, with interest, for such sums as may have been laid out; the application of which was for the immediate and direct individual benefit of the people, being themselves personally unable; and instead of being considered an oppression, they would cheerfully give it. For the hearts of the Irish peasantry, though attuned to poverty, can throb with gratitude when the hand of liberality is proffered them. They would be in a land of plenty, where misery and famine are unknown; with the most powerful Government in the world to protect them, blessed with their own institutions, amidst their own people, they would perceive with the advance of prosperity, their rise in the scale of intelligence; and once the project completed, with the tide of their produce to the ocean, would flow a constant stream of gratitude to the nation and people whose rulers had blessed them.

Quebec, 7th August, 1847.

Thursday, August 12, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Thursday, August 12, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............7h. 17m. Evening..............7h. 33m.
Aug 12            
Aug 12 No Arrivals
  Shipping Intelligence
Halifax, July 28th-Arrived-Brigt. Tweed, Hall, 17 days from Montreal; Schr. St. Roch, Blais, from Quebec. Cleared, 31st, Schr Queen Victoria, Vigneault, for Montreal.

High School
The High School will be re-opened, at the close of the Midsummer Holidays, on Wednesday Next, the 18th instant.
Quebec, August 12th, 1847.

Summary For The English Mail

...The Electric Telegraph between Montreal and New York is now in working order. Yesterday we had information by it of the rumoured surrender of the city of Mexico to General Scott, after a battle had been fought between the opposing forces, at Rio Frio-4 miles from the capital. If true, it is difficult to say what effect this capture of the capital will have upon the Mexicans; they are a people more obstinate than brave.

It is anticipated that Quebec will be in telegraphic communication with the United States seaboard before the arrival of the 19th August.

The fever rages amongst the Emigrants with unabated virulence; and so full had the Marine and Emigrant Hospital in this city become, that it was judged expedient by the Commissioners of the Hospital to refuse admittance to sick residents. This determination on the part of the Commissioners led to a correspondence between our Board of Health and the Government for the use, as an hospital, of the Cavalry Barracks situated without the gates, at No. 2, Martello Tower. The government acceded to the request, and the building will be immediately occupied as such.

On the 30th ultimo, Lieut. Col. Beckwith, of the Rifle Brigade, died at Kingston, of consumption. On the 8th instant, Capt. Pollen, of the same corps, died of congestion of the brain, at Montreal. Since the arrival of the Brigade in this country, they have to lament the loss of three officers of rank,-Colonels Ireton and Beckwith and Captain Pollen.

Notwithstanding the great heat and excessive drought which the country has experienced this summer, the prospects of a plentiful harvest are highly flattering. Our farmers are now busily engaged with haymaking, which is an abundant crop. As regards the potato, we have not yet heard of any appearance of the rot; and indications, we believe, are in favour of a good yield of fruit from the orchards.

Trade has been dull, both here and at Montreal, since the commencement of the season; and the number of strangers who have visited the two cities has been much less than usual. Our spring business was, in the first instance, considerably influenced by the late opening of the navigation; then came sickness and death in the train of emigration. To these causes, we suspect, are mainly attributable the languour which has crept over and prejudicially influenced business transactions generally, to the present period. Along with much melancholy truth a great deal of exaggeration respecting the prevalent sickness has unfortunately been put into circulation, and has unquestionably been the cause why so few American strangers have visited the province this year compared with former occasions.

The number of Emigrants arrived up to yesterday is 74,240
At the same period last year, 27,644
Increase in 1847, 46,596


Some apprehension exists amongst our citizens we believe that in winter the Typhus or Ship Fever will be more destructive to human life, and more infectious than at the present season. The Board of health seem to labour under the same delusion; and "look to that period with anxiety and alarm." "These persons" (the sick), it is feared, "will be thrown upon the inhabitants of Quebec in great numbers, and appalling will be the suffering both to themselves and the Quebec public, if timely and efficient measures be not taken to meet the emergency; at least, my Lord, these are the apprehensions of the Board of Health of Quebec." So says the Chairman of the Board to His Excellency, Lord Elgin. But he says more; he states that "a period is fast approaching when, from the nature of the climate of this country it will be impossible to keep emigrants any longer at Grosse Isle." Gentlemen with the very best intentions do sometimes err; and we fear the Board of Health are led astray by their fears, and, no doubt, their earnest desire for the public good. In winter,-especially in this country-hospitals and houses are more easily supplied with fresh, pure air, than in summer-a stove in a room decomposes partially the atmospheric air, and would wholly, where not fresh air admitted; but a ventilator in the window will let in fresh air when wanted, and one in another window opposite will permit a fresh current of pure, cold, air to pass through the room and take the place of the heated and vitiated air, which invariably ascends, as often as may be needed-an experiment so simple, that it can be frequently repeated without inconvenience to any one; and in a room so ventilated, unless the poison generated by the patient's body be inhaled, there need be little fear of infection. It will be seen by our extract from an exceedingly able work by Robert Williams, M.D., Senior Physician of St. Thomas hospital, London, on "Morbid Poisons," that in speaking of the treatment to prevent the Typhoid Poison he says:-"Dr. Lind affirms that the simple heat of a close confined fire, or the heat of an oven is a destroying power that no infection whatever can resist;" It will be further observed that a heat of 140 Farenheit[sic] renders the infecting virus, contained in flannels or other articles of clothing, perfectly innocuous. This some Egyptians who were wise in their generation, knew. Men were found in Egypt fool hardy enough to wear shirts, which had been taken from the bodies of persons who had died of the plague, and to the astonishment of the uninitiated escaped unscathed; but knowledge is power; it gives to some money; to others shirts. The knowing Egyptians quickly learned that the infected linen being exposed on the sand to a powerful sun lost its infectious qualities, and they profited by their knowledge, and wore cheap shirts. Leydoyen's Disinfecting Fluid, that which the Government Commissioners have gone to Grosse Isle to experiment with, owes its disinfecting power chiefly to the fact of its being capable of preventing the disengagement of sulphuretted hydrogen in chambers and hospitals, by destroying the poison. A common stove has the like virtue;-it rarifies the air, and hence there is a great probability that the prevailing disease will abate very considerably in winter. Extreme dry cold, too, would have, in our opinion, a similar effect to excessive dry heat, so that a Physician or Clergyman, even leaving a patient's bed in that season with infection about his clothing, is very apt to lose it on going into the open air. We do not mean to say that no exertion should be made for obtaining accommodation for the sick; nor would we blame the Board of Health for doing all they can, to obtain it; on the contrary they deserve praise; and we are rather more desirous to allay alarm than to check the laudable exertions of the Board in their endeavours to procure suitable buildings for those who may be sick. Quebec requires an Hospital for the reception of the Town poor, as much in ordinary times as now. It should have had one long ago; but better late than never. With regard to the "period fast approaching when from the nature of the climate of this country it will be impossible to keep emigrants any longer at Grosse Isle," the Board of Health will confer a favor by answering the following queries:--
Why should the sick emigrants be removed from Grosse Isle on the approach of winter? Can wooden temporary erections not be as well, and as easily heated at Grosse Isle as elsewhere? Can stoves not be obtained for them'[sic] Would it be more difficult to heat a wooden temporary building in that plaguy spot than it was to heat the temporary wooden huts, built on the St. Lewis Road for the accommodation of the sufferers by the great fires? Is it much colder at Quebec than at Grosse Isle? Is all communication with the Island then cut off?

Friday, August 13, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Friday, August 13, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............7h. 54m. Evening..............8h. 13m.
 Aug 12 Brig Princess Royal Coffey 26 June Liverpool   to order, general cargo
Aug 13 Brig Marinus Dick 5 June Dublin 194 pass to order
Aug 13 Bark John Munn Watt 17 June Liverpool 452 pass to Dean & Co
  Shipping Intelligence
The steamer Lady Colborne returned from River du Loup yesterday evening. She reports having passed only five or six vessels bound up.

The steamship St. George left for River du Loup this morning with a few passengers.

Spoken-Ship Richibucto, from Quebec for Liverpool, on the 13th ult., in lat. 50, long. 25, by the ship Ontario, at New York.

In the packet ship Ashburton, from New York, for Liverpool-Mrs. Blenham and two children, J.P. Stubbs, Esq., Mr. Browning, Miss Johnson, and R. Gaskin, Esq., of Canada.

On Tuesday last, the head-quarters and right wing of the Rifle Brigade left Montreal for Upper Canada, and the remainder of the regiment the day following. The battalion of the Rifle Brigade has been replaced in that garrison by the 77th Regiment (The East Middlesex.)

The number of deaths at the Montreal Emigrant Hospital, for the twenty-four hours ending the 11th inst., was 19.

We have this morning, accounts from Grosse Isle to yesterday. There had been no further arrivals since the date of our last statement; and no amelioration in the sickness and mortality. Drs. Fortin and Breadon, of the medical staff at the station, had fallen sick of the fever.

On Wednesday last, one of the crew of the steamer Rowland Hill, met with a serious accident, in the following manner. It appears that he was busy paying out a warp, which the steamer Alliance, then passing, got foul of, and his foot becoming entangled was nearly twisted from the leg, leaving it hanging by the tendons and skin of the heel, the small bones being entirely crushed. He was sent to the Marine Hospital by Dr. Russell, where we understand, the limb was amputated.

On Wednesday last, a young man, about 17 years of age, named Lauriau, whose family reside in Mountain Street, in going on board the steamer John Munn, at the Napoleon Wharf, fell from a plank and was drowned. His body was recovered yesterday and brought up on a bier to the residence of his parents, where a coroner's inquest was held and a verdict returned of accidental death.

Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
July [sic] 13-Mr. Easton, Quebec; Mr. Clement Hurd and lady, New York; Mr. L. Von Cobbe, Germany; Mr. John P. Cunningham, St. Francis; Grant De Longueuil, Riviere du Loup, child and servant; Mr. H. McBlain, New York; Mr. J. Ross, Guelph; Mr. D. Boyd and lady, Philadelphia; Mr. N. Bruce and lady, Cumberland; Mr. M. Edge, and Mr. L. Colhoun, Maryland; Mr. J.B. Fielding, and Mr. Addison Putnam, Lowell, Massuchusetts[sic]; Mr. Hubert, Pittsfield, ditto.

On Wednesday morning, of fever, Janet Helstrip, many years a nurse in the Marine Hospital. The death of Mrs. H. will be an irreparable loss to the establishment. She was kind and attentive to the patients entrusted to her care, scrupulously clean in her wards and indefatigable in the discharge of her duties as nurse. Though surrounded by disease and death in its worst forms-knowing no interruption, and no relaxation-this exemplary and devoted woman toiled through her arduous duties of the present season under an impression that her own life would be the forfeit.

High School
The High School will be re-opened, at the close of the Midsimmer Holidays, on Wednesday next, the 18th instant.

Saturday, August 14, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Saturday, August 14, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............8h. 32m. Evening..............8h. 52m.
 Aug 14 Ship Corea Finlay   Liverpool 11 Cabin;
501 pass
to T. Froste
Aug 14 Ship Free Trader Thompson   Liverpool 480 pass  
Aug 14 Bark Ellen Simpson Newman   Limerick 8 Cabin;
181 pass
to order
Aug 14 Brig Minerva          
  The above are the arrivals this morning-but were not boarded at the time of our going to press.
On the 11th instant, in the Marine Hospital, Quebec, of typhus fever, Howard James, second son of Andrew Stoney, J.P., Frankfort, King's County, Ireland.

(To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle.)
Dear Sir,-Your readers may feel interested in looking upon "things as they were," and contrasting them with "things as they are." Will you be good enough, for their edification, to insert the following advertisement, which appeared in the columns of your contemporary, over the way, some years ago, in your extensively circulated paper, and oblige
A Constant Reader
Quebec, 14th Aug., 1847.
(Quebec Gazette, 16th July, 1767)
To Be Sold
A Healthy Negro Boy, about 15 years of age, well qualified to wait on a Gentleman, as a body servant. For further particulars enquire of the Printers.

Quick Work.--
A message was received at New York, on Saturday, 7th inst., over the telegraphic wires, from Montreal, which was delivered, answered, and receipt acknowledged, in the short space of thirty minutes. It came by the way of Toronto and Buffalo.

The Telegraphic Wires.--
The repairer of the line, between Boston and Worcester, discovered a day or two since, that the wire had been tampered with in the following manner: a short piece of the wire had been broken off, and a piece of silk cord of the same general appearance had been fixed so that it could be looped into the place, which would instantly destroy the communication, and at same time evade discovery from the repairer. When the end required was effected, the wire was replaced.

Latest From Grosse Isle
We have intelligence this morning, from the Quarantine Station up to yesterday, at noon, at which time there were:--
Remaining in Hospital,
Men, 903
Women, 746
Children, 551

We are sorry to state that matters were increasingly unfavourable. The detention of the healthy emigrants at the east end of the island, is said to be the cause of their falling sick and dying by scores. The deaths in that locality, within the last four days, amount to the large number of 67. In fact, all are sick. The last rites of the church were administered to 150 Catholics on the 12th. Yesterday, before 10, a.m. there were 31 deaths.

The number of sick remaining to be admitted, from vessels in the stream and the healthy tents, is over 250. Dr. Fortin went up to Montreal in the Rowland Hill very sick. Dr. Newton replaces him.

The number of convalescents brought up by the steamer Neptune yesterday, was-men, 43; women, 32; children, 53; total, 128.-Orphans, 24.

Twelve vessels still remain at the Station. No fresh arrivals since our last report.

We are sorry to learn that the Catholic Clergy of Montreal has lost another of its members, the Rev. Mr. Hudon, Vicar General, who died yesterday of fever contracted at the sheds. We also learn that Monseigneur Bourget is dangerously ill with the same disease.

The Rev. Mr. Roy, one of the vicars of St. Rochs, and the Rev. Mr. Paisley, Curate of Fossambault, who has been assisting at St. Rochs Church for some time past, are both at the General Hospital Nunnery, dangerously ill.

The Montreal papers say, the Bank of British North America is about to erect a building for their accommodation in Hamilton. The architect has arrived from England with plans, &c., and he will also superintend the erection of similar buildings in Quebec, Bytown[Ottawa], and St. John, N.B.

There have been received in the United States, from the whale fisheries, since the first of January last, by 118 ships, 40 barques, and 6 brigs, 58,311 bbls. Of sperm, and 263,992 bbls. whale oil.

We received yesterday the two first numbers of a Reform paper published at Cornwall, entitled the Freeholder. It is to be a weekly publication, and judging from the specimens we have received, we think it will prove a very useful journal. Speaking of the crops in that part of the country, the Freeholder says:--
"From accounts which we have seen in this part of the Province, we arrive at the conclusion, that, taken altogether, the Wheat crop promises abundantly. In some localities the "fly" has done damage, but nothing, we should say, to tell against the general return.

"As to the Potato crop, it is rather premature to venture an opinion as to what may be the result in respect to that most valuable root. The Cobourg Star gives an excellent account of the state of the crop in that neighbourhood. The Toronto Herald, again, speaks rather despondingly[sic], and says that the disease has made its appearance in that neighbourhood. In the course of a couple of weeks we shall be in possession of more accurate intelligence.

"In the Eastern District, with the exception of fall Wheat, (which will be a poor crop,) all descriptions of grain promise abundantly-Indian Corn will, in all probability, prove a particularly good crop. There are complaints in regard to Potatoes-not from the disease, of which there is no appearance as yet-but from want of rain. If the drought continue much longer, the return from this root will bes mall[sic]. "

We are informed by farmers living in the vicinity of Bytown that the present Wheat Crop will not be at all as good as it was generally expected it would be. In some places the winter wheat is totally destroyed by the fly and worm-not worth the trouble of harvesting. Other descriptions of grain present a promising appearance, and the Potato is excellent for so far.-Bytown Packet.

Quebec Mining Company
We copy with much pleasure, the following paragraph relative to the above enterprise from the Lake Superior News, of the 31st ultimo:--
"The schr. Chippewa came down from the Canada shore of the lake on Sunday last, whither she had been with a cargo of lumber for the Quebec Mining Company, bringing with her from the works of that Company several barrels of rich specimens of ore. Some of the specimens (gray sulphuret of copper) are certainly equal to, if they do not surpass in richness, any thing of the kind we ever met, and elicit the admiration of all who examine them. We take pleasure in congratulating our excellent friend, Capt. O.H. Matthews, the Agent, as well as the Company, at these early developements of mineral wealth. We have always heard the Pointe aux Mines district reported as not inferior to the most famed section of the Lake, and certainly, the reports hence and the specimens that have arrived, bear ample testimony of its correctness."

Estimated Expense of War to Great Britain
War of the British Revolution-to establish William on the British throne, and to humble France, cost 31,000,000. Loss of life 230,000.

War of the Spanish Succession-to deprive Philip of the crown of Spain, and to humble the Bourbons, cost 44,000,000. Loss of life 350,000.

Spanish War and Austrian Succession-Quarrel about Campeachy and the Crown of Hungary, cost 47,000,000. Loss of life, 240,000.

Seven years war-about Nova Scotia, &c., 107,000,000. Loss of life, 650,000.

American War-to maintain the British power over North America, cost 151,000,000. Loss of life, 340,000.

War of French Revolution-to repress anti-monarchial principles in France and the rest of Europe, cost 472,000,000. Loss of life, 700,000.

War against Bonaparte-to restrain the ambition of Napoleon and restore the Bourbons, 586,000,000. Loss of life 1,400,000.

Total cost 1,438,000,000. Total loss of Life, 3,910,000. Present National Debt, 761,347,990.

Monday, August 16, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Monday, August 16, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............9h. 54m. Evening..............10h. 15m.
 Aug 14 Ship Corea Finlay 2 July Liverpool 11 cabin
501 steer.
to T. Froste
Aug 14 Ship Free Trader Thompson 22 June Liverpool 481 steer to order, salt 
Aug 14 Bark Ellen Simpson Newman 11 June Limerick 8 cabin
184 steer
to order
Aug 14 Brig Minerva Cubitt 17 June Galway 126 steer to A. Gilmour & Co
Aug 14 Brig Sion Colman 12 June Newcastle   to LeMesurier & Co, coals
Aug 15 Brig Reindeer Wilkinson 25 July St. John's, Newfld.   To Anderson & Paradis
Aug 15 Ship Britannia Simpson 2 July Greenock 386 pass to LeMesurier & Co
Aug 15 Bark Brothers Craiggie 5 July Dublin 319 pass to C. Hyde
  Shipping Intelligence
We learn from the Halifax Acadian Recorder of the 7th instant, that the Schooner Elizabeth, Bilodeau, which sailed from Halifax on the 24th July, for Quebec, with a cargo of molasses and rum, struck on the outer Ledge, off Jedore, on the 26th, and was subsequently abandoned, with four feet water in her hold. Captain B. had arrived at Canso. She was afterwards boarded by the Schr. Hope, De Roche, on the 27th, off Murie Joseph, and was then half full of water, and had been previously stripped of sails, rigging, &c., by an American fisherman.

Capt. Wilkinson, of the Brig Reindeer, arrived yesterday, reports having passed a quantity of barrels of flour on the 27th ult., 38 miles E. by W., off Cape Race-picked up two marked-"Fine-W. Watson,-J.N.S.-Montreal-May 1847"-has the heads with brand on board.

The ship Corea; Finlay, arrived on Saturday, exchanged signals on the 10th ult., with the brig Charles, in lat. 51, 14, N., long. 12, 50, W.; and on the 18th with the bark Cunard, in lat. 56, 23, N., long. 27, 48 W.

The schr. Attention, Keating, cleared at New York for Quebec on the 10th instant.

On Saturday morning last, Messrs. E. & J.E. Oliver safely launched, from their shipyard, St. Rochs, a beautiful new bark, of 500 tons measurement, called the Mary Jane. She was immediately towed round to port by the steamer Lumber Merchant, and entered outwards for Liverpool.

Messrs. A. Gilmour & Co., also safely launched, last week, two splendid large ships, one of them called the Adepte, of 1229 tons, and the other of 1193 tons, called the Acme. They are both entered outwards for Liverpool.

In the ship Marion, at New York, from Liverpool, Mr. J. Fisher, of Canada.

Meteorological Report
Kept at Martyn's Chronometer Depot,
St. Peter Street.
From the 8th to the 14th Aug.-Taken at 8, a.m..

Date H L Barometer Attchd Ther. Wind
8 80 60 30-37 60 East
9 77 60 30-46 66 do
10 78 65 30-40 67 do
11 80 68 30-41 68 do
12 76 62 30-44 57 do
13 78 65 30-20 59 West
14 81 62 30-17 64 East

8th-Strong breeze-passing showers-blew very heavy during the night.
9th-Strong breezes-also blew very heavy during greater part of the last 12 hours--Barometer high.
10th-Light breeze, cloudy.
11th-Do.Do. Passing clouds.
12th-Fine breeze-clear.
13th-Do. Do. -passing clouds.
14th-Light breeze-clear.

Government Emigration Office,
Quebec, 14th Aug., 1847.
Number of Emigrants arrived at the Ports of Quebec and Montreal, during the week ending this date:--

From England 3413
" Ireland 2757
" Scotland 332
" Germany 1196
" Lower Ports 31
Previously reported 70,006
total 77,735
To same period last year, 27,884
Increase in favour of 1847, 49,851

A.C. Buchanan,
Chief Agent.

United States papers of the 12th were received yesterday. They furnish nothing confirmatory of the rumoured taking of the Mexican capital. On the contrary, the Washington Union of the 9th discredits all the rumours on the subject. There had been an arrival at St. Louis, from Oregon, with accounts from California to the 25th May. Col. Fremont had been arrested by Gen. Kearney for disobedience of orders, and sent home. Commodore Stockton had left for home. The American fleet was engaged in maintaining the blockade against Mazatlan, Acapulco, and the troops ordered in the same direction. Gen. Kearney was coming home. Public affairs in California were much unsettled. The accounts of the dreadful suffering among the emigrants to California last winter, are confirmed. Seventy-five starved or frozen to death.

We learn from the Bytown Gazette of the 11th, that on the Sunday evening previous, the clothes belonging to a respectable man named Hart, an Emigrant lately arrived in this country, were found on the shore of the bay immediately above the Chaudiere Falls. The proprietor of the house where he was boarding, who identified the clothes, states that Hart left his house on Sunday, at noon, for the purpose of taking a walk. It is supposed that the unfortunate man had been bathing in the water and thus been drowned. The river had been dragged and search made for the body but without success.

The same paper says,-we understand that the Hon. Justice Draper will make his first appearance on the Bench at the Home District Assizes, which are to commence on the 7th October.

We regret to learn that the Rev. Mr. Paisley, whose dangerous illness of fever we announced in a previous number, expired yesterday at the General Hospital. No symptoms of recovery are yet perceptible in the Rev. Mr. Roy. Together with this gentleman there are three or four other Roman Catholic clergymen ill of fever at the above institution.

We copy from the Montreal Gazette of Saturday last, the subjoined notice of the Rev. Mr. Hudon, Vicar General to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Montreal, whose death we announced in our last:--

It is with the deepest concern that we announce the death of the Rev. M. Hyacinthe Hudon, Vicar-General of this Diocese, and Canon Dean of the chapter of the cathedral; he died shortly before twelve o'clock, on Thursday night, after thirteen days suffering from typhus fever. Mr. Hudon was born at Riviere Ouelle, in the Diocese of Quebec, in the Seminary of which city, he passed through a course of classical and theological studies, with brilliant success, and was ordained priest at Nicolet, on the ninth of March, 1817. Immediately after his admission to holy orders, Mr. Hudon was entrusted with the spiritual charge of St. Roch's Suburbs, in Quebec, and the superintendence of the schools established in that locality, by the late Monseigneur J.O. Plessis.

The zeal with which he discharged his arduous duties endeared him to the people of St. Roch's, who still cherish a grateful remembrance of their old pastor. After several years spent in the fulfilment of his pastoral duties in Quebec, he became attached to the Gulf missions, in which he was most indefatigable. His connection with these missions terminated in 1826, when he was appointed Cure of Ste. Madeleine de Rigaud. Six years afterwards he was transferred to the curacy of Boucherville, and finally he was removed to Montreal, having been constituted a principal member of the Cathedral Chapter, established in 1841. In the discharge of the duties of these various ministrations, Mr. Hudon was distinguished by his great ability, by the uniform regularity of his life, and by his ardent zeal, to which at length he has fallen a victim, as well as by his profound charity for the unfortunate emigrants, who are perishing by hundreds in the immediate vicinity of our city.

His loss will be severely felt, not only in Montreal, but by the Roman Catholics throughout the entire Diocese, where his efficient services are fully appreciated. By his death the Catholic Temperance Society has to mourn the loss of its President, the Community of the Bon Pasteur that of its local superior, and most zealous benefactor, and we have all to lament the death of a good man and excellent citizen.

The remains of Mr. Hudon were consigned to the grave yesterday evening; the members of the Temperance Society, and a great number of others were present to pay the last tribute of respect.

Official Returns of Burials at Montreal from the 5th June to the 7th August, 1847:
Residents of Montreal 924  
Emigrants buried in city Cemeteries 444  
Ditto, which are returned by Dr. Crawford,
as dying in town and buried at the Sheds,
from 29th June to 10th August 3
Died in the City   1730
Emigrants died at the Sheds   1510
Total of deaths in 9 weeks   3240
In corresponding 9 weeks last year including Emigrants   488
Increase in 1847   2752
Fever cases among residents, in 9 weeks, 1847   309
In corresponding 9 weeks, 1846,   63
Increase, 1847,   246

Three emigrants arrived in Baltimore a few days since from Germany, who deposited sixty thousand dollars, in gold, with the Baltimore Bank, an hour after arrival.

During the month of July, 173 vessels passed up the Welland Canal, and 149 down-104 being from, and 93 to Oswego, and 57 from and 37 to Kingston. Also, 171 scows and 35 rafts.

The Britannia-It is remarkable that the royal mail steamship Britannia has sailed from Boston on the 1st of June for the last four years, and always arrived in Liverpool on the 15th, establishing for herself the character of being as punctual in her arrival as the railway mails in England.

There are now four lines of ocean steamships in active operation between the United States and Europe-the Cunard line, plying between Boston and England; the French line, between Cherbourg and New York; the American line, between New York and Southampton, and the Sarah Sands between Liverpool and New York, and, in a very short time, we shall have a Cunard line of four steamships, between Liverpool and New York. Each vessel of these several lines will carry a mail to and from its ports of destination, and a considerable portion of their income will be derived from postage and passengers.

The Army.--
The head-quarters division of the 81st Regiment arrived here this morning from Toronto, by the steamer Quebec, and between 8 and 9 o'clock marched up with their band to the Jesuits Barracks, where, we understand, they will be temporarily lodged, until the Bleinheim transport, by which vessel they return to England, is ready to receive them on board.

Tuesday, August 17, 1847.

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Tuesday, August 17, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day.

Morning............10h. 37m. Evening..............10h. 59m.
 Aug 16 Bark Lillias Harrison 30 June Dublin 213 pass to order
On Sunday, the 13th instant, Mr. Thomas Botterill, Master Carpenter and Joiner; native of Whitby, Yorkshire, England.

Shipping Intelligence
We have no arrivals from sea since yesterday morning.

The bark Ayrshire, from Newry, with passengers, arrived at Grosse-Isle on Sunday-She lost 6 passengers, and has very few sick.

Wreck of the Ship City of Derry
We regret to learn that the fine ship City of Derry, Captain W. Maurice, which sailed hence on the 7th instant, for London, with a cargo of 2120 barrels of flour, and a quantity of deals and staves, was wrecked on the west reef of Bicquet Island, on Wednesday last, the 11th inst., and will be a total wreck. We have been favoured with the following particulars:--

"Left port on the 7th, but only proceeded down at Patrick's Hold the same day, where she remained at anchor until the 10th, on account of contrary winds. On the morning of that day, weather clear, got underweigh with light airs from the westward, which gradually increased to a fresh breeze, and at 5, p.m., passed the Traverse. Towards midnight, came on foggy, but at about 2 o'clock, a.m., the weather clearing, passed the Brandy Pots. Soon after, came on a thick fog-kept the ship under easy canvass, with the lead constantly going, with a good look-out-the weather partially clearing at times, and land seen from the mast-head by the Pilot, who appeared satisfied with his position,-agreeing with the soundings. The Captain, at that time, desired him to bring the ship up as soon as possible, and run no risk. The Pilot then brought the ship's head to the southward, to stand a little more to the south shore for anchorage ground. At 2, p.m., the same day, heard the gun on Bicquet Island, the Pilot being satisfied that he was four miles to the west of Bic. At half-past two soundings varying from 20 to 25 fathoms, and at three o'clock a cast of

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