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Ship Arrivals at the Port of Quebec, 1847

The following arrivals were extracted from the Quebec Morning Chronicle of 1847. Please note that sometimes an issue is missing so this extract may not contain all vessels to these ports.

May | June | July | Aug | Sept | Oct | Nov

July 1847

July 1 - 18 | July 19 - 31

Monday, July 19, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Monday, July 19, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning............................11h. 2m. Evening...............................11h. 25m.
July 17 Brig Pallas Verris 20 May Bremen 153 pass to H.J. Noad & Co
July 17 Ship Manchester Brown 5 June Liverpool 512 pass to T. Curry & Co
July 18 Ship Goliah Slater 21 May Liverpool 592 pass to Thos. Froste
July 18 Ship Sherbrooke Viggors 19 June Liverpool   to Pembertons
July 18 Brig Charles Richards Hugras 27 May Sligo 178 pass to order
July 18 Brig Robert Fletchers 25 June St. John's, Newfld   to A. Gilmour & Co
July 18 Bark John Jordine Samson 3 June Liverpool   to W.J.C. Benson
July 18 Bark Rosanna Wilkinson 1 June Cork 254 pass to A. Burns
July 18 Bark Thistle Turner 1 June Liverpool 319 pass to T.C. Lee
July 18 Schr Hubert Paré Painebaud 12 days Magdalen Islands   to order, fish and oil
July 18 Schr Thistle Painchaud 6 July St. George's Bay 2 pass to order, fish
July 18 Bark Neriad Escott 1 July New York   to C.E. Levey & Co
July 18 Brig Henderson Twentyman 23 June Newfoundland   to order
July 18 Schr Zebulon McKay 8 July Charlotte-town 50 pass to order
July 19 9, A.M.-Nothing reported-Wind N.E.
  Shipping Intelligence
We learn, from the Exchange Register, that the ship Erin's Queen, from Liverpool, with 517 passengers, at Grosse Isle since last Tuesday, has been abandoned by the Captain and crew. She had 50 deaths on the passage.

Halifax, July 8th-Arrived-Schr. Elizabeth, 11 days, and Schr Marie L'Oiseaux, Gilbert, 21 days from Quebec. Cleared, July 3-Schr Prudent, Audette, for Montreal, sugar and molasses.

6th-Schr Providence, Tremblay, for Montreal, sugar and molasses.

New York, July 12-Cleared-Bark Reliance, Crowell, for Quebec.


Government Emigration Office
Quebec, 17th July, 1847.
Number of Emigrants arrived at the Ports of Quebec and Montreal, during the week ending this date:--
  Steerage
From England 1530
" Ireland 2770
" Germany 168
" Lower Provinces 10
  4,478
Previously reported 47,736
  52,214
To same period last year 23,033
Increase in favour of 1847 29,181
A.C. Buchanan,
Chief Agent.


We learn from the Minerve, that 350 to 400 Emigrant children are now taken care of by the ladies of the good Shepherd, (Les Dames du Bon Pasteur) and other Religious Institutions of Montreal. All the hospitals attached to the Religious Institutions of the city are full.


More Boundary Disputes Between Canada and New Brunswick
By late New Brunswick papers we learn that the authorities of Canada have commenced to exercise jurisdiction over the territory of Madawaska, and without waiting the decision of the Home Government, have actually assumed the right to adjudicate upon matters that strictly belong to the civil authority of New Brunswick. About the first of June, a number of persons in Madawaska were served with common processes in actions of debt to be tried at Quebec. If our government, says the Woodstock Telegraph, do not take up the matter in a decided manner, we shall not be surprised to learn that judgment has been obtained against those individuals, and that their property has been put under arrest. Will our authorities submit to this? (Halifax Post.)


An "extraordinary" of the Canada Gazette was issued on Saturday last with the Bye-Law, as sanctioned by His Excellency, of the Montreal Trinity House, regulating the number of emigrants or passengers to be carried by the steamers between Quebec and Montreal. Its enactments, are,--

Firstly, That every Steamboat or other Vessel coming into the Port of Montreal being destined for the Harbour of Montreal, and having on board more than one hundred Emigrants, or having on board any sick Emigrants, or on board of which any Emigrant or Emigrants shall have died on the passage of any such Steamboat or other Vessel, shall proceed forthwith upon its arrival within the said harbor[sic] to the wharf adjoining the Basin of the Lachine Canal in front of the Emigrant Shed erected thereon, and shall land all the Emigrants being passengers on board such Steamboat or other Vessel at the said Wharf, and at no other, under a penalty of five hundred pounds for each and every offence.

Secondly, That no one of the following Steam Vessels now usually plying on the River St. Lawrence between Quebec and Montreal, namely: The "Montreal," "Quebec," "John Munn," "Queen," "Canada," "Alliance," and "Lord Sydenham," shall, within the said Port of Montreal, carry more than six hundred Emigrants or Passengers other than Cabin Passengers, at any one time, under a penalty of five hundred pounds, currency, for each and every offence.

That no one of the following Steamboats now usually plying on the River St. Lawrence, between Quebec and Montreal, namely: the 'Rowland Hill,' 'St. George,' and 'North America,' shall, within the said Port of Montreal, carry more than four hundred Emigrants or passengers other than Cabin passengers at any one time, under a like penalty of five hundred pounds currency, for each and every offence, and that no one of the following steam vessels now usually plying on the River St. Lawrence between Quebec and Montreal, namely: the Charlevoix, Lady Colborne, Neptune and Princess, shall within the said port of Montreal, carry more than three hundred Emigrants or passengers other than Cabin passengers at any one time, under a like penalty of five hundred pounds currency, for each and every offence: such penalties to be recovered in the manner provided for by the Act aforesaid, made and passed in the tenth year of Her Majesty's Reign, and intituled,[sic] "An Act to enlarge the powers of the Trinity House of Montreal in certain cases where the public health of the City may be endangered."

Tuesday, July 20, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Tuesday, July 20, 1847
High Water At Quebec This Day
Morning........................11h. 48m. Evening.........................None
July 19 no arrivals          
  Shipping Intelligence
We have no arrivals from sea to report.

There were only five vessels at Grosse Isle on Sunday. We understand that the Captain of the Erin's Queen had again returned on board.


Spain.-The last accounts from the north of Spain state that the Carlists are becoming daily more bold, and that they have shown themselves in numerous detached bodies in Catalonia. The Herald says that a conspiracy has been discovered in the town of Fenellosa, in Catalonia to poison the military detachments stationed there. The Captain-General of that province has issued a proclamation, threatening to punish the priests who trouble the consciences of their penitents in political matters.


Sligo, June 17-The British King, from Savannah to Liverpool, was abandoned full of water 3rd inst., lat 49 N, lon 38 W. having been in contact with the Paola, from Liverpool to New York, which received considerable damage, took off the crew, and transferred them to the Industry, Kelly, arrived here.


Portugal.-Intelligence has been received from Lisbon and Oporto since our last confirming the fact of the quelling of the insurrection in the south.


Germany.-Emigration to America, on a wholesale scale, is still going on. The United States get the majority of the emigrants, and nearly all the best. Some villages are entirely depopulated by this emigration mania, and the Governments are beginning to be alarmed at it.


The Overland Mail from India has brought the intelligence of two serious conflicts in the Chinese seas-the one between the English and the Chinese; the other between the French squadron and the Cochin-Chinese, in the Bay of Touran. It would appear that Sir John Davis, the governor of Hong Kong, having ineffectually endeavoured to procure redress for the piratical acts of the Chinese, and for the numerous insults which are continually offered to the English residents in China, and having failed in procuring the fulfilment of the treaty of Nankin, which stipulated fro the admission of foreigners into the city of Canton, resolved to strike some blow which should compel the Chinese authorities to listen to reason. Accordingly Sir John Davis, accompanied by Gen. D'Aguilar with about 1000 men of all arms, entered the Bocca Tigris at 9, a.m. of the 2nd April, surprised the Anunghoy forts, as well as those on the Islands of North and South Wantong, and carried them on both sides of the river in a few minutes. He succeeded in less than two days in capturing 870 guns, clearing the river of all impediments, & on the 6th orders were given to commence the attack on Canton. But between 8 and 9 o'clock, it was notified that Keying had yielded to the terms of Sir John Davis, just in time to save the city, and the assault was countermanded. A Government notification was immediately issued, of which the following are briefly the heads:--

"1. At the fixed period of two years from this day the 6th of April, the city of Canton shall be opened to British subjects.

"2. Her Majesty's subjects shall be at liberty to roam for exercise or amusement in the neighbouring country, without molestation, returning the same day, as at Shanghai, and any persons molesting them shall be severely punished.

"3. The aggressors on the two seamen in October last, and on colonel Chesney and others, at Fuhshan, on the 12th of March, shall be made examples of."


Among the arrivals at the Astor House, New York, on the 13th instant, we notice,-C.E. Levey, Esq., Captain Boxer, C.B., R.N.; Mrs. Boxer, three Misses Boxer, Miss Barton, and Miss McKenzie, all of Quebec.


Captain Harper, of the ship Independence, of Belfast, we regret to learn, died yesterday at Beauport, of typhus fever.


At the Custom House, yesterday, two British-built vessels were reported, the united burthen of which was 276 tons; their united age, 135 years.


The number of sick at the Emigrant Sheds, on Saturday, was 1457-died that day, 21.

The number of sick yesterday was 1539-died 26.


Navigation of the St. Lawrence.--
It is stated by authority in the House of Commons, that the privilege lately conceded by the proclamation of the Governor-General of Canada, relaxing the laws affecting the navigation of the St. Lawrence, by which American vessels, small river craft, are permitted to bring their flour and corn into this country, is but temporary, and would cease, as a matter of course, when the navigation laws ceased to be suspended.


The Sarah Sands.--
This steamer, which left Liverpool on the 15th ult. for New York, has put into Cove with machinery damaged, after running about 500 miles on her course. The captain confidently expects to sail again on Saturday.


The Steam-Ship Great Briten[sic].--
Great hopes are entertained that this mighty vessel will be released from her present position in the Bay of Dundrum.

Wednesday, July 21, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Wednesday, July 21, 1847
High Water At Quebec This Day
Morning..........................0h. 19m. Evening...........................12h. 43m.
July 19 Bark Sarah Fletcher 29 May Liverpool 200 pass to C.E. Levey & Co, genl. cargo
July 20 Bark Mary & Ann Fisher 27 May Liverpool   to W.K. Baird, genl. cargo
  Shipping Intelligence
No arrivals from sea since yesterday morning.

The steamship St. George returned from Grosse Isle last night and brought up the following list of arrivals at Grosse Isle yesterday:--

Ship John Campbell, from Bremen, to Tibbits & Co. 371 pas.-no deaths, no sick.

Bark Newma, from Sligo, to H.N. Jones, 256 pas. 10 deaths, 9 sick.

Bark Greenock, from Liverpool, 19th June, to J. Munn, 816 pas-12 deaths, 30 to 40 sick.

Bark Asia, from Cork, to G.B. Symes, 409 pas,-11 deaths, 12 sick.

Bark Ann, from Donegal, to leMesurier & Co, 105 pas.-1 death, 1 sick.

Two others just coming in.

The following vessels arrived at Grosse Isle on Sunday:--
Brig Mary, from Sligo, 144 passengers-9 deaths, 5 sick.

Brig Henrietta Mary, from Hamburgh, to Ryan Brothers, 188 pas.-8 deaths (children) 2 sick.

Bark Friendship, from Dublin, to Gordon & Nicol, 202 pas.-1 death-23 sick.

The iron steamer Prince Albert brought down, this morning, the first division of the 52nd Light Infantry, who are en route for England. They were immediately embarked on board H.M. troop-ship Apollo. The Rifle Brigade, now forming part of this garrison, will, it is said, leave here for Montreal this evening, to be succeeded by the 71st Highland Light Infantry.


We learn from last evening's Mercury, that the hospital state at Grosse Isle for the week ending July 17th, at noon, was,--
Remaining in hospital 1673; died, 171.

36 bodies have been landed on the island during the same period. Subsequent to the above return being made up, about 100 patients had been admitted on Sunday, and about 40 were to be admitted into Hospital on Monday: making in the whole 1813.

There were three arrivals at the Island on Sunday; but few sick on board.

Dr. Jameson, Senr., left the island sick, on Friday last, and Dr. Pinet was very ill on Sunday last.

The lady of the doctor of the Goliah died on Sunday last, and Mr. Green, late of the Custom House, Quebec, a valuable Hospital Steward, also expired there the same day.

The weekly return of sick in the Marine Hospital, from the 11th to the 17th instant, inclusive, was-deaths 59; remaining, 844.


The Sub-Committee of the Board of Health report, that they have caused the different Boarding Houses in Champlain street to be visited, and that they have still been found in a crowded state. Several of the keepers thereof have, however, become alarmed at the spread of Fever, and have consequently diminished the number of their boarders.

The premises of Lockington, a Boarding-house keeper, in Champlain street, are still in the same state; he neglects and refuses to have the premises cleansed although frequently required so to do by the Inspector.

About 70 persons have been sent to the Marine Hospital, by the Inspector and Wardens, during the last seven days, twenty-three of whom were residents of the city. In consequence of the Champlain Warden being unable to perform his duties from the effects of Fever, the Committee have authorized the Inspector to employ another person as Warden for that Ward.

The Soup Kitchen is still in operation, and supplies the inmates of the large store daily, which place contains about 200 families: two of the family of the person employed in the Soup Kitchen have fallen sick from fever.


New Life-Buoy--
A highly interesting experiment has been made at Portsmouth, in the presence of Admiral Sir Charles Ogle, and other distinguished officers, of a new life-buoy invented by Lieutenant Irvine, R.N., 1813, which, besides its properties as an infallible agent in the saving of life at sea, possesses also the uses of a trunk or seachest, in which may be stowed without the possibility of the approach of wet such matters as bread or other dry provisions, linen, ammunition, &c. The principal material in this new life-buoy or trunk is cork. One of these trunks was filled with hammocks and heavy iron weights, some of 56lb. Each, and thrown into the harbour in presence of the above distinguished officers and numerous scientific gentlemen. The result was, that, although the weight in the interior of the apparatus was treble that of a heavy man, it floated upon the surface of the tide with a buoyant force which would infallibly support twenty-five men as long as they could cling to it, ropes being appended in all directions of it to admit of that advantage in the event of an emergency. There is no inflation used, nor any preparation necessary, other than merely buckling a strap round the mouth of some webbing-cloth inside the chest, which acts as a preventive to the admission of water, and alike excludes the air.


The number of deaths at the Montreal Emigrant Sheds, on Monday last, was 30. The Gazette states that the increase arises from the greater number forwarded, not from any added malignity of disease.


We have particular pleasure in giving publicity to the following letter, equally honourable to the Reverend Gentleman and to his parishioners:--
Three Rivers, July 17, 1847.
To the Editor of the Montreal Gazette
.
Sir,-I beg the use of your journal to make public a most gratifying sight I this day witnessed, with a number of friends, on the deck of the Ferry-boat from this town, as it was about returning to the other side of the river with the market people: There was to be seen the Rev. Mr. Harper, Curé of St. Grégoire, who has just returned from Grosse Isle with thirty Irish Orphan Children, who were neatly dressed, and offered by him to his parishioners who would adopt them. In less than an hour, he found worthy habitants with either small families or who had no children, and to secure for them the comforts of a home, and the care of parents, under his own immediate eye. A more amiable man or better priest than Mr. Harper, is not in Canada. Give publicity to this act of his,
And oblige, yours, &c.
T.H.
P.S.-Mr. Harper intends returning for thirty more orphans, to Grosse Isle.


The Christian Guardian, the organ of the Wesleyan Church in this colony, comes out strongly in support of the Government measure for the settlement of the university question. We give the following extract from its columns:--
1.-that King's College at Toronto will be as efficient, and confer as great benefits upon all that may attend, with an endowment of 3,000 per annum, as it has been, or would do, with an endowment of 10,000 per annum. The whole endowment of the great Edinburgh University is less than 3,000 per annum.

2.-That the present measure will afford the means of a Collegiate Education to many hundreds of young men who would never attain it, if the whole endowment were locked up in one independent and expensive University College.

3.-That by means of the English and Preparatory Schools connected with each of the denominational Colleges, hundreds of worthy young men of the middle classes of society will be able to secure the inestimable advantages of a good Classical or English Education in connexion with Religion, who would be deprived of such advantages if the whole fund be absorbed in one University.

4.-That in addition to the foregoing advantages, the efforts and resources of the several religious persuasions will be developed and called forth in connexion with the public aid in behalf of the higher and more general education of the youth of the land, besides the collateral and general benefit of raising up among them all a better educated clergy.

5.-That whenever the religious persuasions, not having colleges or schools, shall do as others have done, establish colleges and schools by their own efforts, they will enjoy in the same way and to the same degree the fruits of their labours, and be enabled to extend their usefulness.

6.-That the present measure contemplates also the improvement of the District Grammar Schools, and the establishment of an Agricultural School in each District in Upper Canada-in all, twenty Agricultural Schools. An Agricultural professorship was established in Edinburgh many years ago; but it proved a failure. University students do not care about becoming farmers; but twenty Agricultural Schools in Upper Canada must confer unspeakable benefits upon the country.

7.-That the application of a portion of the funds of the University for the improvement of District Grammar Schools is the object for which the lands producing that fund were set apart by the Crown, before given to the University.

We dare say that men who think more of party interests than they do of the interests of the province, will wish to keep the University question unsettled; but every disinterested lover of peace and the public welfare must desire its speedy settlement. (Montreal Courier.)

Abstract of the Passenger Lists received by H.M. Chief Agent for Emigration of vessels sailed from British and Irish Ports between the 11th June and 4th July, for Quebec:--

Date Sailed Ships Where from Passengers
June 20 Vesta Limerick 110
June 20 Trusty do 86
" Jessie do 108
" Emma do 118
July 4 Eliza & Ann do 109
" Anna Maria do 119
June 24 Ann Rankin Glasgow 332
June 16 Euclid do 327
June 20 Greenock Liverpool 522
July 3 Corea do 501
" Bridgetown do 467
June 24 Agamennon do 643
June 29 Frankford? do 526
June 14 Mrchs. Abercorn London'ry 406
June 12 Leander do 427
" Oregon Sligo 226
" Charles Watson do 358
" Royal Adelaide do 367?
" Henry Veant? Do 64
" Argo do 127
" Ellen Kerr do 412
" Sarah do 441
June 29 Ocean Queen Cork 5?0
June 19 Covenantar do 389
June 20 Riga do 132
June 23 Rosalind Belfast 521
June 21 Helen do 210
June 24 Ann Kenny Waterford 351

Total souls

9,089
Government Emigration office,
Quebec, July 20th, 1847.

A.C. Buchanan,
Chief Agent.

Thursday, July 22, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Thursday, July 22, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning..............................1h. 17m. Evening..........................1h. 49m.
July 21 Ship John Campbell Cornish 14 June Bremhaven to M.I. Wilson
  Shipping Intelligence
We learn from the Halifax Times of the 13th instant, received yesterday, that the ship Dædalus, Nicholson, master, from Quebec, bound to Padstow, with a cargo of timber and deals, went ashore on the morning of the 2nd inst., on the north side of the Magdalen Islands, in a thick fog; but was afterwards got off by heaving part of her cargo overboard.


The mail of yesterday brought an order from head-quarters, countermanding the immediate departure of the Reserve 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade. The steamer Prince Albert, by which they were to have gone, left again for Montreal last evening.

H.M. troop ship Apollo, sails this morning for Portsmouth.


We understand the exorbitant demands of the sailors at this port,-asking 13 to 14 per month,-has induced parties to write to New York for men.


We regret to learn that Captain Samson, of the brig John Jordine, died at Grosse Isle on Tuesday last, of ship fever.


We are indebted to the Register of the Quebec Library Association for the following paragraph:--
Subscription books, we learn by a private letter, have been opened in New York to take up stock in the Boston and Halifax Electric Telegraph company. Should this line be completed before that between Quebec and Halifax, the later will probably neither be required nor made. It is expected that the line between Kingston and Toronto will soon be finished and in working order. The posts of the Montreal and Quebec line are up, as far as Three Rivers; and we suppose, will soon be up from Three Rivers downwards. When this line is completed, an electric line of communication between Halifax and this city will be formed, via Boston, New York and Toronto.


Amongst the passengers by the Sarah Sands, which put back into Cork a few days since, is Mrs. W.F. Brough, the wife of the vocalist, who was on her way to follow her husband, as the arrangements of that gentleman compelled him to go out by the Cambria.


The port of Limerick is making rapid advances in commercial importance. In 1844-1845, the shipping which used the harbour numbered 585, and their tonnage was 72,686 tons. In 1846-1847, the number increased to 993, and the tonnage to 141,391; being an increase of 68,705 tons.


The Queen of Spain is learning to drive six in hand.


The poor rates at Glasgow have been doubled by the influx of Irish paupers. They now amount to 48,000.


Some Danish horses have been imported into Dundee, and have been sold at good prices.


It is proposed to establish a new weekly journal at Hamburg, for the purpose of diffusing the principles of free trade.


The Swedish government has ordered that foreign corn may be imported without paying any duty.


All Irish steamers or passenger vessels arriving in the Clyde, are now inspected by a medical man, with the view of guarding against the importation of persons affected with fever.


A picture of the martyrdom of St. Sebastian by Leonard da Vinci, has just reached this country, and has been offered to the national Gallery for 5,000 guineas.


Smuggling.-John Morris, a passenger in the ship Liverpool, from New York, has been fined one hundred pounds for smuggling tobacco.


East India Floating Dock
River St. Charles.
The East India Floating Dock will be placed alongside the St. Charles Wharf, near the Quebec Exchange, early in May, when vessels can be taken in, drawing 13 to 15 feet.

This Dock is constructed to admit Vessels of 190 feet in length, has a Bulkhead (partition) at the end, of 130 feet, for the accommodation of shorter vessels.

Any orders for Repairs or Materials will be thankfully received, and faithfully attended to.
Thomas H. Oliver.
Quebec, 18th May, 1847.


The following useful information is abridged from the Limerick Chronicle of the 26th June. We would recommend our readers to give it a perusal, and as faithfully as possible to adopt the excellent advice it furnishes.

Rules to be observed, to preserve health, and to avoid typhus Fever; addressed to all classes of people.

Temperance, cleanliness, and breathing pure air, are the surest means of securing health and preventing attacks of Typhus Fever. Have the windows of all your rooms and passages open, and the door also, and let the air go through; but do not sit directly in the draught[sic]. All bedding should be aired daily, for several hours, before being made up; making up a warm or ill-aired bed will produce fever. Keep the bedding and bed covering as clean as possible. The nightshirt should be hung up in the air, and the day-shirt also. On rising in the morning, give a rapid wash with cold water to the whole body, with a sponge or wet towel; and do the same to your children, who will soon come to like it. Every room, passage and stairs, should be swept daily, washed weekly, and kitchens and lower passages lime-washed monthly. It is of serious danger to health, to allow washed clothes to be hung to dry in the house. Soap suds and foul water should be removed to a distance, without delay. Be liberal in the use of clean cold water. Take every opportunity to walk and exercise in the open air. If duty obliges you to enter an infected house, dont[sic] go in fasting, or fatigued or warm from walking. Dilute the poisoned air with fresh air from open windows, while you remain, and you may leave uncontaminated,-unless you inhale the patient's breath.

Sprinkle a solution of the Chloride of Lime on your floors every morning, while the pestilence rages.

Use good nourishing diet, and beware of ardent spirits, however disguised. Typhus fever is sure to find out and fasten on the drunkard.

Friday, July 23, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Friday, July 23, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning............................2h. 22m. Evening.............................2h. 53m.
July 22 Brig Henrietta Sophia Watson 12 May Hamburgh 186 pass to Ryan Brothers, general cargo
July 23 Ship Triton Smith 18 May Liverpool   to Provan & Anderson
July 23 Ship Erin's Queen Davison 1 June Liverpool 517 pass to order, salt
July 23 Schr Seaboat Vigneault 22 days Halifax   to McKay & Cassels, molasses and honey
  Shipping Intelligence
The steamship St. George returned from River du Loup last night and reports having passed very few vessels bound up.

The steamer Neptune left for Grosse Isle this morning.

H.M.S. Apollo sailed for Portsmouth yesterday with a fine westerly breeze.


Destruction of a Packet-Ship By Na[sic] Iceberg.--
Twenty Lives Lost.-The packet-ship Eulalia, belonging to St. Sebastian, while on her passage from Havana to Galway, was overwhelmed by an iceberg, in lat. 42, 18 N., long. 52, on the 21st ultimo. She had thirty-seven passengers (a great many of whom were females) on board, with a crew of sixteen, including the master. Two boats, containing the captain, fourteen of the crew, and fourteen passengers, succeeded in getting clear of the wreck, but the third, with twenty persons in it, most of whom were women, was drawn down with the sinking vessel, and every soul perished. The boat was fastened to the wreck by a rope, which the crew in their fright had forgotten to cast off, and it was impossible to cut it, the passengers having no proper implement. On the following day, the remaining boats were picked up by the schooner Newport, belonging to Stockton, and their crew taken on board, which vessel reached Galway on Monday last. The loss of the Eulalia and cargo is estimated at 25,000.


The Albany Argus of the 20th instant, announces the arrival of the steamer "Sarah Sands" at New York on Monday last, the 19th, in twenty days from Cork.

Saturday, July 24, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Saturday, July 24, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning.....................2h. 22m. Evening............................2h. 53m.
July 24 Jessie Oliver 3 June Cork 340 pass to J. Munn
July 24 Bark Friendship Allan 23 May Dublin 202 pass to Gordon & Nicol
July 24 Bark Rokeby Beveridge 12 May Newcastle   to W. Stevenson, coals and cinders
  Arrived at Grosse-Isle on Thursday:--
  Bark Euclid 17 June   Glasgow   has 16 cases small pox-3 deaths
  Bark Alexander Stewart   Limerick 103 pass
3 deaths
13 or 14 sick
to C.E. Levey & Co
  Brig Riga     Cork 132 pass
2 deaths
3 sick
to order
  Shipping Intelligence
The steamer Alliance towed down from Montreal yesterday the brigs James Orr, Cockermouth Castle, and Camilla, and three laden barges.

The wreck of the bark John Geddie, now lying at the Napoleon Wharf, and lately sold for account of the underwriters, for 710, was re-sold yesterday and adjudged to Messrs. C. Brocklesby & Co. for 2000.


Died
At her house in Griffintown, on the morning of Tuesday, the 20th June, leaving a large young family unprotected, Ann Gow, wife of Willaim Robertson, cooper, who emigrated to Canada, from Dundee, Scotland, a few years ago. Should this meet the eye of her husband, who, when last heard of, was living at, or in the neighbourhood of Toronto, he is earnestly requested to communicate with his family.


We learn that the Electric Telegraph will be put into operation between Montreal and New York, via Toronto, on Monday next.


Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
July 24-Messrs H.O. Burritt, J.A. Dwight, jr., and J. Ashmore, of Montreal; G.W. Heacock, Buffalo, N.Y.; Samuel Lover, of Ireland; Franklin W. Smith, and James W. Stone, of Boston; J. Van Auken and three daughters, of Newark, New Jersey; John Warder Wilson, of New Orleans; R.L. Bancroft and lady, of Albany; K. James Casey, of Baltimore.


We yesterday received a note from Captain Sampson, of the John Jordine, dated Grosse Isle, Friday morning, desiring us to contradict the report of his death, which appeared in our paper of the day previous. We take the earliest opportunity of doing so, and in apologizing to Capt. Sampson for having thus prematurely sent him out of the world, and beg to assure him we derived our information from a source the most respectable, although, in this instance happily in error.

Monday, July 26, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Monday, July 26, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning.............................5h. 17m. Evening.............................5h. 43m.
July 24 Brig Vibilia Robinson 4 June Liverpool   to Pickersgill, Tibbits & Co, general cargo
July 25 Brig Ann Nicholson 29 May Donegal 105 pass to LeMesurier & Co
July 25 Brig Bravo Avitt 19 May Newcastle   to M??? Grainger & Co, general cargo
July 25 Brig Riga Patrick 20 June not given 132 pass to order
July 25 Ship Avon Johnston 20 May Cork 452 pass to Pickersgill, Tibbits & Co
  Shipping Intelligence
Halifax, July 16-Arrived-Schr. Felix, Gerroir, 15 days from Quebec. 17th-Schr. Indian Queen, Baddeau, from do. Cleared, 14th-Schr. Lord David, Corriveau, for Quebec, sugar and molasses


Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
July 25-Mr. S.L. Hommidieu and lady, Mr. R. Hasea and lady, Cincinnati; Mr. J.E. M'Vine and lady, Mr. Hawley, Norwich, N.Y.; Mr. Scott, Virginnes, Vt.; Mr. Richard Cox and lady, Mr. Geo. Coster, Mr. J.B. Coster, Montgomery, Alabama; Dr. Eastaff and lady, Boston.


Seamen Wanted.-So great is the scarcity of Seamen at this port at the present time that 12 are paid for the run to England, and the ordinary wages are 5 per month for the voyage. The number of new vessels now being built or fitted out will no doubt cause an increased demand for men for some months, and we understand that one of our Shipping Agents intends to proceed to the United States in a few days, with a view of bringing on men to supply the want which is now seriously felt. (St. John(N.B.) Courier, July 17)


Another Enterprise of Cunard's--
The Britannia brings intelligence of the Hon. S. Cunard having entered into an engagement with the Government to establish a line of steam packets between Halifax and Bermuda. But this is not the only transaction he has had a hand in lately. One of our journals this week says we owe the steam communications between Halifax and St. John's N.F. to an enterprising New Brunswicker. Very well but bye and by the Unicorn will be replaced by a Steamer which will satisfy the public much better than she does. Upon the expiration of Mr. Whitney's contract, Mr. Cunard has made arrangements to provide an efficient Steamship for the conveyance of the Mails hence to St. John's N.F. (Acadian Recorder)


We understand the Government have decided upon enforcing a more rigorous quarantine at Grosse Isle, and for the purpose of providing additional accommodation for the emigrants, we learn that Mr. Casgrain, of the Board of Works, arrived here Saturday last, to effect arrangements for the erection of more sheds.

Quebec, 23rd July, 1847.
Sir,-The Commissioners of the Marine & Emigrant Hospital, beg leave to inform His Honour the Mayor and the Corporation, that the accommodations in the Hospital and Temporary sheds is not more than sufficient for seamen and Emigrants, for whom alone the Commissioners think themselves bound to provide. Therefore they will very reluctantly be compelled to refuse admission to the sick from the City and neighbourhood, of whom there are at present upwards of 120 under treatment.
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your most obt. humble servant,
(Signed) Jos. Morrin,
Commissioner,
M. & E.H.
To His Honor the Mayor,
&c. &c. &c.

In consequence of the above, we learn that the Secretary of the Board of Health left for Montreal on Saturday night, to solicit, on behalf of that body, the use of the Cavalry Barracks on the St. Lewis Road, for the accommodation of the citizens.


We are glad to learn that our city bakers have at length decided on reducing the price of bread. Commencing with this morning, the four lb. white loaf will be 8d.; and the 6lb. brown loaf, 10d.

Tuesday, July 27, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Tuesday, July 27, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning................................6h. 0m. Evening..............................6h. 32m.
July 26 Brig Thetis Cassady 24 April Annan   to A. Gilmour & Co
July 26 Brig Pelion Chapman 14 May Newcastle   to J.R. Day & Co, coals, &c.
July 26 Schr True Friend Godier 4 July Halifax 2 pass to Gillespie & Co, sugar
July 27 Brig Mary Cockton 23 May Sligo 154 pass to T.C. Lee
July 27 Brig Jane Reed 1 June Kellybeg   to A. Gilmour & Co
July 27 Brig Numa Mills 2 June Sligo 255 pass to H.N. Jones
July 27 Bark Adeline Downing 15 June Newcastle to G.B. Symes & Co, coals
July 27 Bark Independent Atkins 25 June Port Glasgow   to order
  Shipping Intelligence
A pilot arrived from below this morning, reports having seen about twenty vessels bound up. 10 or 12 below Green Island, and 8 or 9 between the latter place and Grosse Isle.

H.M.S. Apollo, which sailed hence on Thursday at noon, came to anchor the same evening off Kamouraska, the wind having come round to the east; but got underway again on Friday morning and passed Green Island the same evening.

The large ship United Kingdom, of this port, which, it will be remembered, was wrecked last fall on the coast of Nova Scotia, on her voyage from New York to Quebec, and sold for account of the underwriters, and afterwards sold to a gentleman of this city, by private sale, has been floated off by a party of carpenters who had gone there for that purpose, and was off Bie on Friday last, coming up under sail. Her present owner, Wm. Henry, Esq., despatched the steamship St. George yesterday to tow her up to port.

The steam-ferry-boat St. George, which had gone down to St. Thomas on Sunday, on a pleasure trip, grounded at that place, after landing her passengers, and, we learn, has received considerable damage in her bottom. A number of her passengers returned yesterday, by land.

The steamer Canada arrived from Montreal on Sunday with the Commerce, Elizabeth, and four barges in tow.

The steamer St. George arrived yesterday from the same port with the Juverna, Irene, and four barges in tow.

Comparative Statement of arrivals and Tonnage, at the Port of Quebec, up to the 27th July in each year:--
  Vessels Tonnage
27th July, 1846 749 274,508
27th July, 1847 660 252,678

Less this year, 88 21,830

The following is a comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage, at the same period during the years 1843, 1844 and 1845:--
  Vessels Tonnage
1843 734 256,333
1844 624 213,233
1845 904 334,149


Government Emigration Office,
Quebec, 24th July, 1847.
Number of Emigrants arrived at the Ports of Quebec and Montreal, during the week ending this date:--
  Steerage
From England
2564
From Ireland
974
From Germany
1030
From Lower Provinces
73
 
4,641
Previously Reported
52,214
 
56,855
To same period last year
24,576
Increase in favour of 1847
32,279
A .C. Buchanan,
Chief Agent


Died
At Montreal, on the 23rd instant, of typhus fever, Mr. John Watson, Engineer of the steamer Queen, deeply regretted by all who knew him.

Soeur Marie Rosalie Barbeau, dit Soeur Marie, died on Wednesday, at midnight, aged 47 years and 7 months. This is the fourth victim of fever among the Sisters of the Grey Nunnery. Sisters Bruyere, and Caron are now at the last extremity, and sixteen others are confined to their beds.

On Friday morning last, at 7 o'clock, in the Hospital of the Hotel Dieu, (Montreal) from fever contracted at the Immigrant Sheds, the Rev. John Richards, Priest, and Econôme of the Seminary of St. Sulpice of Montreal, aged 60 years and 5 months.


Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
July 28th-Capt. Campbell, 42nd Regt., Lewis A. Civill, New York; John Pugh, New York; J. King, Jr., Mr. E. King and Miss King, Baltimore, Md.; Mr. E. Sill, Jr., Columbia, South Carolina; Mr. Robert Smith, Buffalo, N.Y.; Mr. William Wallace, Columbia, South Carolina; Mr. E. Hodges, Rochester, N.Y.; Mr. George W. Butts, Dr. Stinson, Baltimore, Md.; Mr. J.J. Gauthreunx, Philadelphia; Mr. J. Cameron, Scotland; Mr. E. Seight, Peterboro; Mr. J. Bacon, Lansinburgh, N.Y.; Mr. G. Draper, Jr., Lima, N.Y.; Mr. H.J. Phillips, Rochester, N.Y.


Immense Arrival of Provisions At Cork--
The largest fleet of vessels ever seen in cove, all laden with breadstuffs, are now lying there. During Monday and Tuesday, 67 vessels arrived, corn freighted. Since Friday last, over 200 ships with maize, wheat, barley, &c., have arrived in our harbour. On Wednesday, 35 vessels similarly freighted, arrived.-Many others are hourly expected. Good marketable Indian corn is now selling from 12 to 12 19s per ton. Cove is crowded with vessels and, those vessels are crowded with what was corn. We have already intimated that, through their long detention at Gibraltar, the corn in many of them had heated, and would consequently be useless.-[Cork Constitution, June 26.]


Capt. Johnstone, of the ship Avon, arrived here on Sunday, reports having, on the 8th June, in lat. 48. N., long. 40. W., passed close under the lee of a hip or bark burned down to the water's edge, from stem to stern. The fore-mast, top-mast, top-gallant-mast, jib-boom, and bowsprit standing. The fore-top-sail set, and the fore-sail hauled up. The ship had painted ports-on her stern were the words "British," and "No" or "Ma," which could not be distinctly made out, owing to its being smoked. Could see no person on board.


"Going Ahead."--
As a proof that Quebec is doing so, we would mention that on each of the leading roads to the city, an omnibus now runs. Mr. Hough, we observe, has established two; one between Quebec and Cap-rouge, and the other to the Falls of Montmorenci. Mr. Gauvin, we likewise notice has started one, to run on the St. Foy Road. The rates by these conveyances are so very moderate, and the advantage of them, (particularly to business men, residing at a short distance from town,) is so palpable, that we have little doubt but their enterprising projectors will meet with remunerative encouragement.


General Hospital
It has long been a reproach to this city that it has no general hospital, open to all, and similar to the one in the sister city of Montreal. At the present moment, there is no accommodation for any of the poor of the town at the Marine Hospital, an institution which being altogether supported by the tax on shipping, should, in all justice, be exclusively limited to seamen.

What is to be done?-Disease is spreading in the Suburbs and the Coves, and will soon reach the heart of the city. Can the Corporation do nothing?-We yesterday heard, at a preliminary meeting, called in a hurried manner, at the Exchange, and attended by some of the clergy, the mayor, two or three of our principal medical men, and many of the merchants of the Lower Town, that the Corporation had little in its power;-that by its act of incorporation, it could only levy taxes for specific objects, and that such a desideratum as an hospital was unfortunately not one of them.

Something must be done by ourselves, and that instantly, or else the whole city will be one general hospital. A good deal of discussion took place at the meeting, and many contended that every church should raise means for its own sick. The only thing definitively settled on was, that the chairman, (H. Jessopp, Esq.) Should write a letter to the Mayor and Corporation, asking the use of the Parliament Buildings; and if granted, that a public meeting should be called, to devise means of opening it for the poor of all denominations, separated, however, into wards.

Although we are disappointed at the result of the meeting, we are glad something has been started; and those who have made the beginning, must not be deterred from persevering, albeit they may find many obstacles in their way.

Considerable inconvenience has been experienced by ship owners at this port, through the scarcity of seamen; insomuch, that it has been found necessary, in order to complete their crews, to write to New York for a supply of hands. The wages demanded by the few seamen who are unemployed are exorbitant, 13 to 14 being asked for the run home. We learn from our Lower Province exchanges that a similar state of affairs exists at some of their ports.

The total number of sick in hospital at Grosse Isle on the 22d inst., was 2,020; and as respects the number of deaths there from the commencement of the season to the present date, we believe, according to the very imperfect official information which has appeared, they may be stated at upwards of 1500, exclusive of the large number who died at sea. It is stated by a contemporary that in the Marine Hospital of this city, between 400 and 500 have died; and that at Montreal, out of about 50,000 emigrants arrived there, 1200 deaths have occurred.

Among the deaths that have occurred since the departure of the last English Mail, we would not omit mentioning that of the Rev. W. Chaderton, a minister of the church of England, in this city. In the untiring and faithful discharge of his clerical duties at the marine Hospital, this venerable servant of Christ contracted the prevailing malady, under which, after a short but severe illness, he eventually sank.


Our report as to the weather and the crops continues favourable. During the past week we have had heavy rains, which have, no doubt, had a beneficial effect upon the country.


Mr. Glackemeyer, the Secretary of the Board of Health, returned from his mission to the seat of government this morning. We are glad to learn from that gentleman, that government have no objections to grant the use of the Cavalry Barracks, at No. 2, Martello Tower, as a fever hospital, provided the Ordnance authorities were not opposed to it. These latter, we learn, had expressed their entire willingness before Mr. G.'s departure, so that no obstacle is in the way, and the citizens will be provided with a temporary receptacle for their sick poor, in an excellent locality.

Port of Quebec
Arrivals at Quebec From The 12th To The 27th July

Names

From

Names

From

July 12

Manchester Liverpool
Wakefield Cork

18

Agnes Newfld Goliah Liverpool
Liberty do Sherbrooke do

13

Charles Richard Sligo
Collingwood Lon'derry Robert Newfld
Golden Spring London John Jordine Liverpool
Charlotte Plymouth Rosanna Cork
Ceylon New York Thistle Liverpool

14

Neriad New York
Lively Cork Henderson Newfld
Bartley Maryport

19

Duchess of Beaufort Benecarlo Sarah Liverpool
Thorndale Sunderland

20

Progress New Ross Mary & Ann Liverpool
Perseverance Ha'burgh

21

Princess Bremen John Campbell Bremerhaven
Honor Dunderland Henrietta Sophia Hamburgh
Lloyds London

23

Royal Adelaide Waterford Triton Liverpool

15

Erin's Queen do.
Hindostan New York

24

Irene Newfld Jessie Cork
Dolphine do Friendship Dublin
Alert Waterford Rokeby Newcastle
Wonder Sligo Vibilia Liverpool

16

25

Medusa Cork Ann Donegal

17

Bravo Newcastle
Pallas Bremen Riga Cork
    Avon do.

Wednesday, July 28, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Wednesday, July 28, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning..........................6h. 53m. Evening.........................7h. 15m.
July 27 Ship Loosthruk Gundry 12 July Miramichi 1 pass to T. Curry & Co.
July 27 Bark Asia Hannah 2 June Cork 409 pass to order
July 28 Ship Heroine Walker 29 May Aberdeen 78 pass to LeMesurier & Co
July 28 Brig Alexander Stewart Williams 4 June Limerick 103 pass to C.E. Levey & Co
July 28 Ship Leontine Fecter 28 May Bremen 326 pass to order
  Arrivals at Grosse Isle yesterday:--
  Bark Dragon Robertson 9 June Killala 208? pass
3 sick
8 deaths
to T. Froste
  Brig Marchioness of Breadalbane Reid 11 June Sligo 177 pass
23 sick
10 deaths
to H.N. Jones
  Bark Abbeyland Aikin 15 June Liverpool 398 pass
1 sick
4 deaths
to Sharples & Co., coals
  Bark Charles Watson Baker 24June Killala 253 pass
10 sick
5 deaths
to order
  Bark Panama Turner 21 June Loch Saxford 279 pass
all well
to order, salt
  Ship Leander Sheridan 13 June Londonderry 427 pass
2 sick
3 deaths
to W. Price, salt
  Bark Tamerlane James 1 June Aberystwith 189 pass
6 sick
1 death
to H. & E. Burstall
  Brig Argo Fearon 11 June Sligo 127 pass
2 sick
3 deaths
to order
  Shipping Intelligence
The steamship St. George arrived in port this morning with the ship United Kingdom in tow.

The ship Heroine, arrived this morning, has on board the master and 4 seaman of the brig John & Mary, wrecked on the 13th instant, at the West Point of Anticosti. The John & Mary, Young, sailed from this port for Dundee on the 5th inst., with a cargo of timber.


Died
Yesterday morning, Mr. Jackson Bennett, chief mate of the ship Coromandel, aged 35 years, deeply lamented by his Captain.


Arrivals at the Albion Hotel
July 28th-Mr. Henry C. Stor?ns, Miss E. Boyer, Philadelpha[sic]; Miss T. Strom, Frnaklin, Ohio; Mr. Hugh Munro and Miss Munro, Mr. Henry Smith and daughter, New York City; Mr. H.H. Knebs, Washington, D.C.; Mr. H.D.

Rogers and Mrs. Hilliard, Boston; Mr. E.M. Atwater, Mrs C.?F. Atwater, Buffalo; Mrs Steele, Mr. Jno. M??agu and servant, Mrs. Howard, Montreal; Messrs, Thos. Browning, Wm. J. Browning, New York; Mr. R.W. Cenice, Aylmer; Mr. James McCracken, Bytown.


Vessels arrived this morning, report Transport No. 26, at Grosse Isle, upward bound. We are glad to learn that the late arrivals at the Quarantine Station have had very little sickness on the voyage, as a reference to our shipping intelligence will shew. Yesterday evening we counted six covered cabs passing our office, containing between thirty and forty emigrant orphans, who had been brought up from Grosse Isle. They were accompanied by a Roman Catholic Clergyman.


Among the passengers in the packet ship Hottinguer, which sailed from new York for Liverpool on the 22nd instant, are,-the Rev. W.M. Harvard, lady and family, of Toronto.

Emigration

Message
Elgin and Kincardine
The Governor General transmits for the information of the Legislative Assembly the accompanying copy of a Despatch from Her Majesty's Secretary of State for the Colonies.
Government House,
Montreal, 7th July, 1847.
[COPY]
No. 47.
Downing Street,
1st April, 1847.
My Lord,-I have had the honour of receiving Your Lordship's Despatch No. 7, of February 25th, with its enclosures, on the subject of Emigration. The papers furnished to you by Mr. Draper and by Mr. Buchanan certainly place in a strong light the difficulties of any plan for the systematic settlement of Emigrants which has yet been proposed; difficulties which are greatly increased, or more properly speaking, are mainly to be traced to the manner in which so large a portion of the Public Lands of Canada have already been alienated, and to the fact that by long usage men's minds are become habituated to the irregular and unsystematic methods of occupying the territory which have hitherto prevailed.

I cannot hope that, under these circumstances, it will be practicable during the present season, to carry into effect any scheme of Colonization in the proper sense of the word, and I am compelled to come to the conclusion, that all that can be done for the present is to persevere in the use of the same means which have for some years been employed, in order to afford to the very large number of emigrants who are now flocking to the Ports of Embarkation the assistance they will require when they reach the Colonies.

But though more than this may for the present be impracticable, I confess that even the able papers of Mr. Draper and of Mr. Buchanan, supported as I must admit them to be by the testimony of all the gentlemen of practical experience upon the subject whom I have had the means of consulting, have not been able to satisfy me that with the co-operation of the Provincial Legislature, it would be impossible to establish some system for the future, by which Colonization might be carried forward upon a more regular plan, and upon a larger scale than has yet been attempted. The persuasion that this might be accomplished is very generally entertained in this country, and I have the honor of enclosing a memorial addressed to the First Lord of the Treasury (just published as a pamphlet) which advocates the adoption of such a measure, and which has been so strongly pressed upon the consideration of Her Majesty's Government, that I am anxious to learn what may be the opinion which, with the extensive means of obtaining accurate information upon the subject within your reach, Your Lordship may form upon it. You will observe that although the pamphlet is written with talent, and there is much that is striking in all the preliminary observations; in the practical part of the plan which it is intended to advocate, there is considerable vagueness and obscurity, and an absence of those details, in the arrangement of which so much of the difficulty of every scheme of Emigration has been found to consist. So far, however, as details are given, the suggested measure seems to be open to serious objections.

I greatly doubt whether the District Councils, upon the co-operation of which so much reliance is placed, are bodies which would be found either able or willing to afford the aid expected from them in carrying on Public Works, with a view of affording employment to Emigrants. I also greatly doubt whether any advantage, at an proportioned to the cost, would arise from the proposal to pay to a great Company the sum of five pounds for every Emigrant settled upon the land. I find from the information collected by the Emigrant Commissioners, and published in their last circular, that in the last twenty years, 1,337,000 persons have emigrated to different parts of North America, of whom, by far the majority were of the labouring class. These Emigrants have, for the most part, ultimately established themselves as settlers, or as permanent residents in the Towns, without any cost to the public, beyond the trifling sums annually expended under the system now in force; but had the plan of the authors of this pamphlet been in operation, the gratuitous assistance offered would have attracted to the British Provinces a large proportion of those who have actually gone to the United States, and it is a very moderate estimate to suppose that bounty would have been claimed for the settlement of 400,000 of these Emigrants, so that the sum of 2,000,000 would have been thus expended. To this must be added the proposed contribution of one third of the cost of passage to America, of the whole body of Emigrants, which, calculated at only 1 for each Emigrant, would have amounted to 1,337,000. Thus, without accomplishing more than has now been accomplished, at scarcely any expense to the public, a total expenditure would have been incurred of no less than 3,337,000, and it would only have been the money in excess of this amount so laid out which would have really contributed to increase the stream of Emigration from this country.

But assuming that Parliament were prepared to grant such a very large sum of money for this purpose, I cannot but believe that more would really be accomplished towards encouraging emigration by applying it to the construction of great Public Works-such for instance as Railways-by which employment would be provided for a large number of Emigrants in the first instance, and a great extent of land would be rendered far more accessible, and therefore available for settlement, than it now is. The demand for labour thus created would, I am inclined to think, create a spontaneous Emigration to a larger extent, and of a mere healthy character, than the adoption of such a scheme as has been suggested.

So far as I can at present judge of this scheme, it does not, therefore, appear to me to be one calculated to succeed; but, as I have already observed, I am not yet convinced that with the effective co-operation of the Colonial Legislature, a great extension, and, at the same time, a more regular character might not be given to the present tide of Emigration, without imposing any considerable, perhaps even any permanent, burthen upon the British Treasury. We know that, unaided and undirected in their efforts as they now are, numbers of the Emigrants who reach Canada with no resources but their labour to trust to, are enabled, in the course of a few years to realize property, and even to remit considerable sums of money to the friends and relations they have left behind. It is also notorious that in the present mode of conducting the settlement of the Territory, there is a great waste of labor, and that far less results are obtained by means of the same amount of exertion than might be looked for, under a system which secured a greater degree of mutual co-operation and assistance amongst those who now trust, in a great measure, to their individual & isolated efforts. It is impossible to read any of the numerous and interesting accounts, published during the last few years, of the life of settlers in the back woods of British America and of the United States, without being struck with the hardships and difficulties endured by them, and with the great waste of labour incurred entirely in consequence of the want of some means of giving increased efficiency to labour by combination & by the division of employments. We hear continually of bread being scarce where corn is cheap and abundant, because, from the distance of mills and the badness of the roads, it takes many days of toilsome labour for men and horses to carry a small quantity of corn to be ground, and to bring it back in the shape of flour. We hear of days wasted in, perhaps, the busiest part of the season, in carrying to a distant forge, to be repaired, some necessary implement of agriculture, which in England would be taken to the village shop, and be agin ready for use in an hour. I say nothing (important as are such considerations) of the privations which scattered settlers necessarily undergo from the want of adequate means of religious instruction, of education for their children, and of medical assistance, and of the absence of all the main advantages of civilized society. Looking merely to the pecuniary results of the existing mode of settlement, it seems to me impossible to doubt that it is highly wasteful, and that the same labour applied ??d [Note: from this point the paper is damaged along the edge.] directed, might produce a far larger amount of comfort and advantage to the early settlers in a new territory, and exempt them from many of the privations and hardships to ??? they are now exposed. It is difficult to understand what natural obstacle prevents ??? a territory from being occupied, not by individuals, but by Societies properly organzied for mutual support and assistance, ???ng with them as they advance, all the ??? and appliances of civilization. For ???pose what seems to be most required, ??? further than has yet been done, >>>>all who obtain land, ???? a price as at once to afford ??????ffecting those improvements, ?????construction of Roads and Bridges, ?????schools and other Public ???? which are necessary for its re????matic occupation. If no ???? were alienated but at a price ????pay for such improvements, and ?????obtained from their sale were ????? land would only be purchased ??? improvements were already in ????the settler receiving in re?????ced price he paid for land, ????nd but the advantage of those???? its profitable occupation is ????ald not in reality pay more, ???much, for the land, as when ????at a very low and almost ???. Where the previous impro???of large quantities of land ???cle to the adoption of the ???? land in this manner, pre??? results are attainable by the ???oderate tax upon all land, ???wild or reclaimed, and applying the ??sort of improvements, ?? not fe??it as any practical burden ??? land, but presents a powerful ??? acquisition, or reteation? of land,


[missing text will try to find another copy]

that those advances would be made in such a manner as to avoid constituting the State the creditor of a numerous body of small settlers, thus tempting them to improvidence and discouraging industry; and instead of this the public money would be invested in the improvement of land, the property in which would only be transferred when a price sufficient to cover the expense incurred was paid for it. It was upon these views that the plan of forming Villages detailed in my Despatch of December 31st, was founded, and Mr. Draper has misunderstood me in supposing that I meant the labourers established in the proposed Villages to continue in that rank of life. What I contemplated was that they should be encouraged to purchase farms in the immediate neighbourhood of the Villages in which they were originally established, and to improve by degrees the log-houses at first provided for them, into comfortable dwellings. I thought, and still think, that living together in Villages would be favourable to civilization and improvement, nor do I see that this would be at all inconsistent with their cultivating the adjoining and surrounding lands as proprietors.

I have only to add that Her Majesty's Government share in the strong desire which has been so generally expressed to promote the adoption of some well considered and systematic plan of colonization in British America, believing that this would be attended with great benefit both to the Colonies and to the Mother Country. But great as would be the advantages of such a measure they would still be less than the evils which might follow from the hasty adoption of an ill-matured and impracticable scheme, nor do I think it possible to proceed without the hearty co-operation of the Provincial Legislatures. It is for these reasons that I have so fully explained to you my views upon the subject. I confidently leave it to your judgement, after consulting the Lieutenant Governors of the Lower Provinces, and the members of your Council, to determine in what manner the co-operation of the different Legislatures may be best invited; assuring you that if you should be able to arrange with them any plan which may appear calculated to prove successful, Her Majesty's Servants will not be slow to propose, nor, judging from the opinions generally expressed, would Parliament be slow to sanction the employment of the pecuniary resources of this country in furtherance of such an object.

I have, &c.,
(Signed) GREY.
Governor General,
The Right Honorable,
The Earl of Elgin,
&c., &c., &c.

Thursday, July 29, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Thursday, July 29, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning...........................7h. 37m. Evening............................8h. 0m.
July 28 Ship Windsor Castle Reed 5 July New York   to W. Henry
July 28 Ship Emigrant Hill 1 July New York   to G.B. Symes & Co
July 28 Ship Greenock Walker 19 June Liverpool  [missing]  [missing]
July 28 Brig Queen Clark 28 June Bermuda   to C.E. Levey & Co
July 28 Bark Tamerlane James 1 June Aberystwith 213 pass to H. & E. Burstall
July 28 Bark Euclid Bainbridge 17 June Glasgow 263 pass to H. & E. Burstall, pig iron
July 28 Bark Panama Turner 21 June Loch Laxford 279 pass to order, salt
July 29 Brig Leo Rees 5 June Liverpool 7 cabin13 st. pass to G.B. Symes & Co, general cargo
July 29 Brig Delta Mutter 24 May Bremen 140 pass to H.J. Noad & Co
  Shipping Intelligence
The ships Virginius and Broom, with passengers, arrived at Grosse Isle last night.

The Transport Blenheim, No. 26, with pensioners, was at Grosse Isle on Tuesday evening, and, we learn, there were two deaths on board the same night.

The steamship St. George, which came up from Bic yesterday morning, reports having passed 10 vessels bound up, six of them with passengers.

The steamship St. George left for River du Loup this morning, with a large number of passengers.


Died
At the same place,[Montreal] on the 17th inst., of typhus fever, Mr. John Kendall, for many years employed in the Pork Inspection Store of the late W. Moore, Esq.

On Thursday last, the 22nd inst., at his father's residence, the Manor House, Seigniory of Vercheres, Alfred Malbiot, Esq., M.D., of McGill College, fourth son of the Hon. F.X. Malhiot at the early age of 24 years. Dr. M. fell a victim of typhus fever, contracted while in the discharge of his duty as one of the attendanting Physicians at Grosse Isle.


Fever Hospital.
We have been favoured with the following official communications, arising out of the preliminary meeting on the above subject, which was alluded to in our paper of Tuesday last:--
(Copy) Quebec, July 26, 1847.
Sir,-Having been charged with communicating to you, for the consideration of the City Council, a resolution passed at a preliminary meeting of Citizens held this afternoon at the Exchange, to the effect "that it is highly desirable in the existing emergency that (in the absence of any other available adequate building) the Parliament House should be converted into an Hospital for the reception of Citizens attacked by the prevailing fever," I have the honour to request that you would urge the subject upon the immediate attention of the City Council with a view to an early decision upon the question mooted in the resolution.

The extreme urgency of the case, as impressed upon the meeting by the startling accounts of the rapid progress amongst us of the fearful fever, laid before the meeting by several Medical and Clerical Gentlemen, (including the Revd. Mr. McMahon) induces the hope that you will bring the subject at once under the notice of the City Council, with a view to the early decision of this important point.
I have the honour to be,
&c. &c.
(Signed) Hv. Jessopp.
To His Honour
The Mayor of Quebec.


Quebec, 27th July, 1847.
Sir,-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of yesterday, in which you communicate, that at a preliminary meeting of citizens, held at the Exchange, it was resolved-"that it is highly desirable, in the existing emergency, that (in absence of any other available adequate building) the Parliament House should be converted into an Hospital, for the reception of citizens attacked by the prevailing fever," and requesting me to urge the subject upon the immediate attention of the City Council, with a view to an early decision upon the question in the resolution.

In answer, I have to state that the Board of Health being a legally constituted body, and more immediately charged with the devising of sanitory measures, I have deemed it proper, since the receipt of your letter, to communicate with the Secretary of the Board upon the subject, and am happy to learn that the wishes of the citizens who attended the preliminary meeting to which you refer, have been anticipated, not only by the Board of Health, but also by prompt action on the part of the Executive Government. The Secretary of the Board returned from Montreal this morning, whither he had been sent by the Board, to which he will report the information following, viz:-That a recommendation has been forwarded to the Board of Ordnance to the effect that the building called the Cavalry Barracks, near No. 2 Tower, would be appropriated to the purposes of an Hospital as soon as possible, which recommendation had been forwarded to Sorel yesterday, by the Civil Secretary. The Secretary of the Board further states that in the event of this building being so appropriated, the Civil Government will, as the Attorney-General East informed him, incur the expsnse of fitting it up as an Hospital.
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your most obedient Servant,
G. Okill Stuart,
Mayor.
Henry Jessopp, Esq.
&c. &c. &c.

Friday, July 30, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Friday, July 30, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning...........................8h. 22m. Evening.................................8h. 46m.
July 30 Ship Blenheim Morrison   Cork   with pensioners
  Arrivals at Grosse Isle on Wednesday:--
  Bark Sir Henry Pottinger Crowell   Cork 399 pass
112 sick
98 deaths
to H & E Burstall
  Brig George Sheridan   Dublin 104 pass
2 sick
6 deaths
to order
  Bark Allan Kerr Grey   Sligo 414 pass
3 sick
9 deaths
to order
  Bark Broom White   Liverpool 515 pass
12 sick
16 deaths
to A. Gilmour & Co.
  Bark Pandora White   New Ross 389 pass
12 sick
12 deaths
to Provan & Anderson
  Ship Virginius Austin   Liverpool 476 pass
186 sick
158 deaths
to D. Burnet
  Arrivals At The Albion Hotel
July 30th-Mr. LeBouthillier, M.P.P., Gaspé; Mr. J.B. Allsop, Mrs. Curtiss and two children, Belleville, New Jersey; Noah P. Sprague & lady, Mrs. Smith, Buffalo, N.Y.; Mrs. Baker and niece, Baltimore; Dr. Williams, Mr. James Clint and lady, Mr. Charles J. Clint, New York; Mr. Jas. B. Hancock, Philadelphia; Mr. Wm. Henick, Brockville; Mr. F. Owens, Montreal; Mr. L. Wood, Ithaca, N.Y.; Mr. Treadwell and lady, Port Stanley.


We learn from the Montreal Gazette, that on Wednesday the wires of the Magnetic Telegraph were laid down to the station in ?eat St. James Street, completing the communication with Buffalo and New York; but owing to the absence of the registering apparatus, we believe, they were not put in motion.


The Board of Health, at Kingston, have recommended, and the Corporation have agreed, to remove the emigrant sheds from their present proximity to the city, to Garden Island, at the foot of lake Ontario, and about ?[blurred] miles from Kingston. The rent of the island and the buildings on it, which are available for hospital purposes, is stated at 150 per annum.


We have made enquiry respecting the very alarming statement which appeared in the Gazette of Wednesday last, to the effect that there were 300 cases of fever "from the bottom of the stairs leading down into Champlain Street to the Coves;" and from the very best authority have learned, that in the locality alluded to, there are not over THIRTY cases. In the different Suburbs, where newly arrived emigrants have taken up their residence, a considerable amount of sickness exists; but we believe the health of the city, within the walls, is, so far, nearly on an average with previous years.


Among the arrivals at Grosse Isle, on Wednesday last, was the ship Virginius, Austin, from Liverpool. On board this vessel, a fearful amount of deaths had occurred on the passage. Out of 476 passengers, 158 died, and 186 sick were landed at the Quarantine Station. The master, mate, and all of the crew, except six, are ill; and but few of the passengers were able to totter to the tents.


The Blenheim, transport No. 26, whose arrival at Grosse Isle, we have already announced, came up to port this morning. She had 378 passengers, consisting of pensioners and their families. There were 12 deaths on the voyage, and six sick when she reached the Station.


We observe by the Berean of yesterday that the Rev. Mr. Rollett, of the Church of England, has returned from his duties at Grosse Isle, indisposed. This morning the Rev. Mr. Mackie went down by the steamer Neptune to remain for a short time at the Station.


The contracts for building 3,500 feet of sheds at Grosse Isle, have all been taken up, we learn, at the rate of 43s. per foot, and a large number of workmen are now employed in preparing the materials for their construction.

Saturday, July 31, 1847

Arrived at the Port of Quebec Saturday, July 31, 1847

High Water At Quebec This Day

Morning.........................9h. 10m. Evening.............................9h. 35m.
July 30 Bark Jamaica Martin 11 June Greenock 202 pass to Dean & co, general cargo
July 30 Bark Cumberland Lewis 8 June Bremerhaven 365 pass to order
  Shipping Intelligence
Four or five vessels have arrived since last night; among them the Marchioness of Bute and the Wm. Dawson; but they were not reported at the time of our going to press.

The steamer Canada arrived from Montreal last night with the Royal Albert, Patmos, and five barges in tow.

The steamer Neptune returned from Grosse Isle yesterday afternoon, and brought the following list of arrivals at Quarantine. Two of the vessels, we are glad to see, have had neither sickness nor death on board during the voyage.
Bark Kilblain, Curry, from London, 251 passengers-no sick
Bark Yorkshire, Tripp, from Liverpool, 392 pas. 45 sick-50 deaths.
Bark Diamond, Twine, from Bremen, to order, 166 pas.-2 sick, 5 deaths.
Ship Cygnet, Thompson, from Londonderry, to A. Gilmour & Co., 208 pas.-no sick, no deaths.
Brig Marsingale, Brown, from Hamburgh, to Ryan Brothers, 168 pas.-no sick.
Bark Naomi, Wilson, from Liverpool, to Froste & Co. 334 pas.-104 sick-78 deaths.

July 1 - 18 | July 19 - 31 | 1847

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