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Extracts From The 1900 Immigration Report For Canada

from the Sessional Papers of the Government of Canada 64 Victoria (25) 1901, Report of the Department of the Interior (Immigration)

...The impression seems to prevail in some quarters that emigration to Canada can be readily undertaken and with but slight expense. It may not be uninteresting to your lordship, and to the department, to learn from the following schedule the expenses that an emigrant from Europe must incur in starting for Canada. The figures are given showing the cost from stated points in Europe:

From Hamburg to Winnipeg, via Halifax (in spring only) $45.50
From Rotterdam to Winnipeg, via New York 54.20
From Rotterdam to Winnipeg, via Liverpool 40.75
From Libau to Winnipeg, via Liverpool 48.25
From Odessa to Winnipeg, via Liverpool 55.00
From Lemberg, to Winnipeg, via Liverpool 52.00
From Vienna to Winnipeg, via Liverpool 47.85

These figures simply show the cost for one emigrant. When it is borne in mind that the great majority consist of families numbering from six to eight, your lordship will see that but few of these so-called pauper families can emigrate to Canada without in the first case incurring an expenditure of from $300 to $400. I think this effectively disposes of any reasonable contention that pauper emigration from Europe either has taken place, or is at all likely, so long as the care that is now being exercised forms a part of the policy of the department.

The transportation problem in respect to emigration from Canada to Europe has reached that point when, I respectfully submit to your lordship, action should be taken. Your lordship is aware that by a conference arrangement between the steamship companies, Canada is placed at rather a serious disadvantage. This has already been a subject to which the attention of the department has been called, and I desire now to accentuate my recommendation that something should be done with a view to providing for possible difficulties in the near future. So far, happily, those fears previously expressed have not been fulfilled, but incident to the fact, however, that a large number of transports have been engaged by various governments for South Africa and China, the possibility of reaching the point when this difficulty must be faced necessitates the serious consideration of the department.

...During the six months we have met and received passengers from 103 steamers, as compared with 121 for the same period in 1899, but while having a smaller number of steamers, we have had a much larger number of them arriving at night than usual, which has added to the difficulties of our work.

...We have had considerable sickness among the passengers, but excepting a few infants of foreigners, nothing of a serious nature.

Health of Immigrants (report Montreal Agent)

I am pleased to be able to report that the general health of the immigrants was good...I have to report one birth and one death. The particulars are as follows:--

Birth.-On May 28, a baby was born to Peter Roe and his wife, Russian immigrants on a Canadian Pacific Railway special train. On arrival of the train at the Windsor station, an ambulance conveyed the mother and child to the Women's Hospital, this city. They were discharged in due course, and the family resumed the journey to Winnipeg.

Death.-On March 12, Sario Vittorio, an Italian immigrant, about 38 years of age, passenger on SS. L'Aquitain, via New York, bound for Calument, Mich., United States, died suddenly on the New York Central Railway train between Beauharnois and Montreal. On arrival of the train at the Windsor station, the body was sent to the city morgue, and the coroner notified. The coroner, after hearing the evidence of several of the passengers on the train, decided that an inquest was not necessary, the man evidently having died from natural causes. The local Italian consul took charge of the burial.

Deported Immigrants

The following is a list of immigrants sent back to their respective countries on account of physical and mental debility:--

Temko Scheladnic, Galician, deported from Winnipeg, left Montreal for New York on March 1, thence by Hamburg-American Packet Company's steamer for Hamburg.

William Tyrer, English, deported from Winnipeg, left Montreal for Liverpool on June 17, by the ss. Parisian.

George Czolak, Galician, deported from Winnipeg, left Montreal for New York on June 23, thence by Hamburg-American Packett[sic] Company's steamer for Hamburg.


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