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Immigration Report of 1864, Halifax Arrivals
Source: Journals of the Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1865

APPENDIX No. 24.
____________

IMMIGRATION AGENT'S REPORT
_____________

Halifax, 25th February, 1865

Sir,--

I have the honor to present the following report of the business transactions in the Immigration office last year, for the information of his Excellency the Lieut. Governor and the members of the Legislature.

The arrivals of immigrants have been limited, and only in numbers by the KEDAR and EUROPA, in April, the EUROCLYDON in May, and the INDIAN QUEEN in June. All from Liverpool, England.

By the Kedar there were twenty-one passengers; but consisting entirely of persons returning to Nova Scotia, and others who had been invited by their friends, requiring no assistance from this office.

By the Europa, there were ten-respectable people sent out by Miss Coutts, all of whom soon obtained employment, and are now comfortably situated.

By the Euroclydon there were forty-three. Of these, twenty-nine were labourers---mostly young men---one farmer, two married and five unmarried women, and six children. They all proceeded immediately to country districts, where the arrival was anticipated, and have been provided for.

By the Indian Queen there were thirty-three; consisting of twelve labourers---the eldest of whom was thirty-seven years of age---five married and five unmarried women, nine children, a farmer and a surgeon. The arrival of nearly all of these was anticipated by friends and employers. Few called at the office for information, and none required any aid.

I am not aware that any by these vessels proceeded to the United States, or even left the province.

Besides these, a few came at different times, singly or in parties of two by sailing vessels and chance steamers from England, and also a few from the States. Those from England were chiefly people of some means, inquiring for small properties to purchase, to whom I have rendered every assistance in my power. Some I presume have got settled, as they have not returned to the office; others, who arrived lately, are still undetermined upon a residence. To those of the labouring classes I have also rendered every assistance in my power---for some I procured situations, and I am not aware of any but one, at present, who is out of employment. Two, who came from the county of Durham, England, I forwarded to the coal mines in Cape Breton. In all, I have forwarded seven to situations in the country. I have given temporary relief to sixteen; and advanced eight dollars to one, to fit up a loom for weaving.

No mechanics have come this year from Europe; the immigrants being chiefly labourers and domestic servants. No immigrants are reported as having arrived at any out-ports except from the States. Several families are mentioned as having come to Colchester county---one family returned to Shelburne; and a number of natives to Annapolis county, with many American stragglers, to avoid the draft. A number, also, have returned to Yarmouth. There may be many besides that I can get no trace of, as masters of vessels are not required to report their passengers at the Custom-house on arrival. Were they obliged to do so, a correct account could be kept of the number of immigrants, their nationalities, occupations, &c.

I have still to regret that so little use is made of this office by persons requiring service. Comparatively few apply who want labourers, mechanics, or servants of any description. Were all the objects of the office more generally understood or remembered, its usefulness would be greatly increased.

In December I wrote to the sheriff and custos [sic] of each county, and to the collectors at the out-ports, requesting information of the existing prospects for the employment of mechanics, agricultural labourers, domestic servants, &c. The following is the result of the answers received:-

HANTS County:- The prospects for mechanics are not so good as formerly, as there are fewer ships building; but still sober, industrious men will find employment to a considerable extent. The prospects for agricultural labourers and domestic servants continue good as formerly.

SHELBURNE County:- Labourers qualified for diversified work will find employment at good wages; domestic female servants are more in request, and a few mechanics would find employment.

DIGBY County:- Agricultural labourers will find employment at good wages during the summer months; female domestic servants are always wanted; and mechanics generally will find work readily, especially ship carpenters and blacksmiths. A number of small farms are for sale in this county that would suit immigrants with little means.

PICTOU County:- The demand for labour is supplied for the present by people who have found their way to the county; but the thirty miles of railway to be built will create a demand in Spring. A few mechanics would find good employment.

ANTIGONISH County:- There is still no encouragement for labourers, as there are many poor persons who supply the demand. There is no encouragement for mechanics or domestic servants.

CUMBERLAND County:- The demand for labour is more limited than last year, as there is little doing in ship building, which creates a demand for labour of every description. Still agricultural labourers have been in request at good wages, and a limited number of mechanics and domestic servants would succeed, if well recommended.

QUEENS County:- There would be no difficulty in distributing a limited number of agricultural labourers (say about one hundred) in the northern district. Labourers are scarce, and good men get readily 35 per annum, with board and lodging. Steady, industrious men settling, might safely calculate on securing, in a few years, comfortable homes for themselves and families. There are a number of Englishmen, Scotchmen and Irishmen, who came to the Kempt district twenty or thirty years ago, without any means, who are now owners of large farms, and some of them wealthy. There is abundance of good land laying vacant in that district and in the southern part of the county, suitable for settlement by any who might be disposed to clear new farms.

ANNAPOLIS County:- There are good prospects for agricultural labourers and domestic servants. The best time for them to come is in Spring. There are also inducements for carpenters and blacksmiths. Suitable settlers are much wanted.

CAPE BRETON County:- The increased demand for labour at the coal mines tends to advance wages and agricultural produce. There are many new mines now opening, and several companies will require many hundreds of mechanics and labourers in the Spring. The demand for agricultural produce holds out great inducement for small farmers, with 100 to 150, to settle in this county.

RICHMOND County:- There is an increased demand for labourers created by the government expenditure at the St. Peter's Canal, the coal mining operations, and repairing of vessels at the maritime slip. There is also a scarcity of fishermen and seamen.

VICTORIA County:- In consequence of so many of the young men being now employed at the coal mines opening, there is good demand for farm servants. Mechanics and miners will find profitable employment. There is no opening for families, except for such as could purchase land and settle on it.

KINGS County:- Mechanics, agricultural labourers, and domestic servants, are constantly wanted; and female domestic servants are very difficult to obtain. A large number would be immediately engaged.

COLCHESTER County:- Agricultural labourers are scarce, and get ready employment at good wages. There will be more demand for mechanics in the Spring than at present.

YARMOUTH County:- There is not much encouragement for mechanics or agricultural labourers, but great demand for female domestic servants.

From the counties of LUNENBURGH [sic], HALIFAX, GUYSBOROUGH and INVERNESS, I have no replies.

I continue to receive applications for Crown Lands under the Immigration act, all of which I hand to the Commissioner of Crown Lands.

By the immigration act of 10th May 1864, provision was made by the third and subsequent clauses for laying our crown lands in lots of 100 acres each, which were to be placed at the disposal of the immigration agent for the benefit of new settlers. As yet this part of the act has not been carried into effect, so that the agent has no means to provide land for settlers in the way intended by the act, which materially abridges his powers of action. A tract of land was set apart for settlement more than a year ago, laying between Musquodoboit and Tangier Harbour, but the crown land commissioner informs me that he has never been able to get a plan of it from the county surveyor.

In consequence of my inability to meet applications, many appear to despair of ever being accommodated, and one family has left the province (that otherwise would not have done so) in consequence, and gone to New Brunswick, where they immediately got a lot of a hundred acres. There are many vacant lands suitable for settlement, noticed in my report of last year; and as I have every reason to expect a more extensive emigration to the province this year, it is highly desirable that some of them should be surveyed and the plans placed in my hands for the occupation of settlers.

By authority of the government I have notified the public that lists will be kept in this office of properties for sale, free of charge to the proprietors, stating in separate columns the county and district or township in which each property lies, distance from Halifax, extent of land, portion cleared, portion in meadow or pasture, portion under wood, buildings, &c., with the price, and address of the proprietor. Thirty properties have been enrolled, and I trust that the public will generally avail themselves of this privilege. Some immigrants with means have occasionally enquired and looked over the list, and also several natives and settlers in the country, who may possibly purchase some of them. Fifteen of these, the proprietors of which bearing the expenses of advertisement, I have advertised in the British Colonist and Morning Chronicle and have sent copies of each paper to her Majesty's emigration agents in England, Scotland and Ireland; also to emigration societies, to several editors of newspapers, and to persons who I am aware take an interest in emigration to British North America. One of these newspapers has published the list in the issue of the 28th January---the Glasgow Sentinel.

The Hand-book for Emigrants, published by authority of the Government, I am happy to say has been well received and approved of at home. The constant complaint formerly has been that no information was to be had of Nova Scotia, and I received several letters stating that many respectable, industrious people would willingly emigrate to Nova Scotia if they only knew something reliable of the country, its soil, climate, and resources. Already since publication of the book I have received letters from persons professing to be possessed of means, making particular enquiries, with the intention of emigrating from England. These I have fully replied to, and sent the applicants copies of the papers in which the properties for sale are advertised.

I cannot conclude without noticing the zealous attention given to this Province by Alex. Campbell, Esq., of Glasgow, who omits no opportunity of bringing its advantages before the public through the press and otherwise; and also of J. Bate, Esq., Secretary to the National Colonial Emigration Society in London who has given much attention to Nova Scotia.

I regretted much that I had no lands to offer to several agricultural labourers whom he highly recommended, and proposed sending out last spring. I know of none who is better qualified or more deserving than Mr. Campbell to be appointed a special emigration agent for Nova Scotia, if such an appointment is to be made.

In my report of last year, I suggested that the Legislature should cause a small clearing of an acre to be made on each of the lots laid out for the immigrants, and houses of cheap construction erected thereon, in order that the immigrants might have a shelter for himself and his family on arriving in the province, and that not only would a great boon be thereby conferred on the poor man, but a great advantage would accrue to farmers in his neighbourhood, by furnishing them with labour which they could not otherwise obtain. I stated also that a small charge might be made upon the soil to meet the necessary expenses incurred, giving the settler the advantage of credit for a series of years. By this means, valuable agricultural labourers might be brought to the country, who, in a few years, would become respectable small farmers.

And again, I would urge the propriety of despatching a competent agent annually from Halifax, in the Spring, whose attention should be entirely restricted to giving information of the Province and its resources to immigrants, and all interested in immigration; to facilitate arrangements for the sale and purchase of lands---to traverse the Mother country, and by personal representations and suggestions to individuals, to societies, and to bodies of men desirous to immigrate--induce desirable settlers to turn their attention to Nova Scotia. Such people as we want, and want much, for whom there is abundant scope and provision with us.

Appended are lists of the passengers who came by the vessels mentioned in the report.

I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your most obedient humble servant,
H.G. PINEO

Hon. Chas. Tupper, M.D., Provincial Secretary

________________________

LIST OF PASSENGERS

The (Cunard Line) KEDAR from Liverpool - arrived Halifax April 1864

Mrs. Dunlop and eight children

Harriet Forcade

Frank Schechan

Patrick McGrath

Catherine McGrath

John Kelly junior

Daniel Fraser

Mrs. Fraser

James Walsh

Ephraim Read

James McLaughlin

Richard Tucker

The EUROCLYDON from Liverpool - arrived Halifax May 1864

Name

Age

Country

Occupation

Charles Thompson

45

England

Labourer

John Fox

24

England

Labourer

Walter Loughran

22

Ireland

Labourer

James Wilson

19

Ireland

Labourer

Adam Beusefield

23

Ireland

Labourer

William Evans

40

England

Farmer

Ann Evans

35

England

wife of W.E.

Thomas Evans

18

England

Labourer

James Evans

16

England

Labourer

William Evans

11

England

Child

Ann Evans

9

England

Child

John Leviday

40

England

Labourer

Frederick Paulbridge

29

England

Labourer

Samuel McLeary

23

Ireland

Labourer

William Brownler

21

Ireland

Labourer

Thomas Kelly

25

Ireland

Labourer

Michael Rooney

21

Ireland

Labourer

Mary Keating

20

Ireland

Spinster

Thomas Apsley

11

England

Child

Johanna Gleary

20

Ireland

Spinster

Frederick Lonan

25

England

Labourer

Josh. Can

30

England

Labourer

Robert Bowes

25

England

Labourer

Cr*mer Conty

20

Ireland

Labourer

Anna Nepath

22

Ireland

Spinster

Sabrina Muldre

20

Ireland

Spinster

Thomas Burke

20

Ireland

Labourer

Bridget Burke

22

Ireland

Spinster

John Conna

19

Ireland

Labourer

Wm. H. Arndell

27

England

Labourer

Edward Elliott

31

England

Labourer

Wm. H. Antha

20

England

Labourer

John Whitford

26

England

Labourer

[R!] Shadden

21

England

Labourer

Samuel Phillips

30

England

Labourer

Robert Shadden

26

England

Labourer

John Gilbert

33

England

Labourer

Joseph Barlow

26

England

Labourer

Catherine Brien

40

Ireland

Married woman

[F]anny Brien

11

Ireland

Child of Catherine Brien

Jane Brien

7

Ireland

Child of Catherine Brien

Ann Brien

5

Ireland

Child of Catherine Brien

John Brien

3

Ireland

Child of Catherine Brien

   

The (Cunard Line) EUROPA from Liverpool - arrived Halifax April 1864

Name

Age

County

Occupation

Major Theakston

55

London

Clerk

William Theakston

22

London

Printer's compositor

Henry Theakston

20

London

Painter

Robert Theakston

15

London

Son of M.T.

Mrs. Theakston

55

London

Wife of M.T.

Mrs. Dickinson

50

London

 

Mrs. W. Theakston

20

London

Wife of W.T

Mrs. H. Theakston

19

London

Wife of H.T.

Eliza Theakston

12

London

Daughter of M.T.

Selina Theakston

18

London

Daughter of M.T.

   

The INDIAN QUEEN from Liverpool - arrived Halifax June 1864

Name

Age

Country

Occupation

Charles Wills

20

Ireland

Surgeon

David Die

22

Ireland

Labourer

Patrick Okly

38

England

Labourer

Catherine Wheely

26

England

Spinster

Patrick Magher

--

England

Labourer

Johanna Magher

11

England

Child

James Spencer

25

England

Labourer

John Lemas

35

England

Labourer

Ellen Landrikin

21

Ireland

Spinster

Margaret O'Shaughnasey

20

Ireland

Spinster

Bridget Burns

30

Ireland

Married woman

Honora Burns

6

Ireland

Her child

Jonah Ezra

29

England

Labourer

Ann Ezra

28

England

His wife

Mary Ann Ezra

3

England

Child

David Ezra

18

England

Labourer

Mary Thomas

30

England

Married woman

Rachel Thomas

11

England

Her child

William Thomas

9

England

Her child

Mary Thomas

3

England

Her child

Elizabeth Thomas

Infant

England

Her child

James Davis

24

England

Labourer

Sarah Davis

22

England

His wife

Sophia Davis

Infant

England

His child

Julia Martin

19

Ireland

Spinster

Mary O'Leary

22

Ireland

Spinster

Timothy Hagen

20

Ireland

Labourer

John Rickards

37

England

Farmer

Ann Rickards

31

England

His wife

Catherine Burke

11

England

Child

R.D. Watts

20

England

Labourer

Edward Lynch

24

England

--

Charles Hinden

25

England

--

 

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