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Ship Arrivals at the Port of Quebec, 1841

Sources: British Parliamentary Papers, Volume 31: Emigration Canada

06 May - 31 July | 01 August - 09 October

List of Vessels Wrecked coming to Quebec during the Season 1841, with the number of Lives lost.

The brig Breeze, Captain O'Donnell, from Limerick, was wrecked on the Island of Scatari on the 14th May, with 160 passengers, who were all saved, but lost all their baggage and provisions.

The brig Minstrel, Captain Outerbridge, from Limerick, was wrecked the 8th May, on Red Island Reef, with 141 passengers and 15 of a crew, only eight persons saved. (see list of passengers and crew) 148 lives lost

The barque Amanda, Captain Davis, from Limerick, was wrecked on Little Metis Point, on the 26th September, with 18 of a crew and 39 passengers, 5 of the former and captain, and 10 of the latter saved. 41 lives lost

A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
31 December, 1841
 
Report of Dr. Douglas
Medical Superintendent at Grosse Isle

I Have the honour to submit for the information of his Excellency the GovernorGeneral, a return of emigrants admitted, discharged, and died at the Quarantine Hospital, under my superintendence for the season ending October 20th.

By reference to the annexed Table, marked B., of admissions [omitted] to the same hospital for the last eight years, it will be seen that the proportion of sick to the number of emigrants arrived has been much less than in any previous year. I ascribe this gratifying circumstance to two or three causes. 1st. The shortness of the passages of emigrant vessels this year, and the consequent abundance of provisions. 2dly. To the non-prevalence of typhus in the south and west of Ireland last winter and spring, the result of a plentiful potatoe harvest. 3dly. To the comparative small number of emigrant vessels, on board of which small pox broke out on the passage. While last season the number of passenger-ships on board of which this epidemic prevailed, was 17 ; this year the number has not exceeded seven.

Nearly one half of the whole number of emigrants that arrived this season came out in the month of May, at which time, from the prevalence of east wind in the River and Gulf of the St. Lawrence, the voyage is usually short, and the coolness of the weather unfavourable to the generation of febrile miasm. Another obvious advantage of the short voyage, is the abundance of food, the scarcity of which is so great a predisposing cause of disease.

On board of some of the most crowded of the vessels this season, the Lord Seaton, with 546 passengers ; the Dumfriesshire, 621; Ann Jeffry, 261; and George Marsden, 229 ; measles and hooping cough prevailed extensively among children, and as usually happens in similar cases, proved fatal to a great degree ; the Lord Seaton having lost 14, the George Marsden 13, the Ann Jeffry 9 of their passengers. The total number of deaths of emigrants on the voyage out this season, has been 222, five-sixths of whom are young children, and very old persons, whose extreme age and feebleness rendered them unfit to encounter the privations of a sea voyage.

Twenty-nine children were born on the voyage out ; notwithstanding the unfavourable circumstances under which these births took place, both mothers and infants, with a few exceptions, were doing well on their arrival at the Quarantine station. Two female emigrants, one in the barque Borneo, from Limerick, and another in the ship Lord Seaton, from Belfast, died in childbirth on the passage ; and among other casualties, a female passenger in the brig Duchess of Buccleugh, was washed overboard and drowned in a gale of wind, and two men, one a passenger in the barque Julie, from Sligo, and the other in the barque Agenora, from Liverpool, were lost, out of the ship's head, the usual places of accommodation having been knocked down by order of the master, on the plea of want of cleanliness on the part of the passengers. I have brought this circumstance under the notice of the Chief Agent for emigrants at this port as deaths take place from the same cause every season.

The emigrants as a body appeared in more comfortable circumstances than last year, being better provided with wearing apparel and bedding, and presenting fewer cases of squalor and misery. It is to be regretted that the difference of the law regulating the transport of passengers to this port and to that of New York should prove an inducement to send out by vessels coming to Quebec, large families of women and children unprovided with their natural protectors. The Passenger Act of the state of New York imposes an uniform tax of two dollars a-head upon emigrants of all ages (children as well as adults) and limits also the number embarked to two passengers to every five tons, making no distinction between children and adults. The sum charged the emigrants for passage is, therefore, double that paid by those coming to this port, and is exacted without reference to age. It is found, therefore, to be a. great saving for the adults of a family to embark for New York, and to leave the younger members to come out by the St. Lawrence under the charge of some female relative or other friend, trusting, in many instances, to receive assistance on their arrival here to enable them to proceed on to join their parents. The consequence of this is, that emigrant vessels coming to this port are too often crowded to excess, though the number actually on board does not exceed that allowed by the Act. This arises from the great proportion of children under 12 months, that are not included in the passenger list, and from those under seven years, three of whom are only counted as one adult, and from those under 14, two of whom are counted as one.

A medical inspection of passengers previous to leaving the port of embarkation in Europe, and a careful rejection of all such as are found labouring under fever, small pox, measles, or scarlatina, would tend to remove much mortality and suffering on the voyage. If the agents at the different ports in Great Britain were instructed to ascertain by actual inspection, not only that each passenger was provided with the quantity of provisions required by the Act, but that they had one change of clothing at least, and bedding sufficient to enable them to endure the cold from which passengers so frequently suffer in approaching the American coast, in the early spring voyage, it would tend also much to prevent the generation of fever.

George M. Douglas
Medical Superintendent
 
Date Vessel Name Tons Where
from
Sailed Days Passengers Remarks
May 06 brig Favourite,
Capt. Bannerman
404 Glasgow 02 April 34 42 no deaths
May brig Breeze 321 Limerick 05 April - 107  
May 16 Mohawk,
Capt. Miller
440 Glasgow 01 April 45 37  
May 18 Brilliant,
Capt. Elliott
332 Aberdeen 08 April 40 82  
May 19 barque Borneo,
Capt. Gorman
960 Limerick 06 April 43 351 10 deaths, 2 in quarantine
May 19 Tottenham,
Capt. Brown
308 New Ross 07 April 42 85  
May 19 Sarah Botsford,
Capt.Wallace
305 Glasgow 20 April 29 219 2 deaths on passage
May 19 Ann,
Capt. Joice
313 New Ross 08 April 41 125 1 death
May 19 Energy,
Capt. Irwine
305 Limerick 05 April 44 140 1 death in quarantine
May 19 Carlton / Carleton,
Capt. Symmers
404 Dublin 19 April 30 80 3 deaths
 
Deaths from the Carlton (see Carlton below)
Name Age Died Remarks
McKenna, Patrick 18mo 1841-06-01 Parents: Bernard McKenna
and Bridget McKenneff
Welsh, Mary 18mo 1841-05-28  
May 19 Marchioness of Abercorn,
Capt. Hagerty
875 Londonderry 23 April 26 506 2 deaths
May 19 Prince George,
Capt. Friend
450 London 16 April 33 202 2 deaths
May 20 John Bell,
Capt. Black
454 New Ross 11 April 39 307 3 deaths
May 20 Dolphin,
Capt. Roach
484 Newry 11 April 39 205  
May 20 Ann Jeffery,
Capt. Edwards
941 Liverpool 18 April 32 253 9 deaths
May 20 brig Wexford,
Capt. Slattery
280 Wexford 09 April 41 45  
May 20 Ocean,
Capt. Knox
367 Waterford 15 April 35 232  
May 20 Champlain,
Capt. Lochland
299 Youghal 15 April 35 50  
May 20 Chieftain,
Capt. Dunn
399 Cork 02 April 48 192 1 death
May 20 Colinia / Colonia,
Capt. Marshall
410 Gloucester 10 April 40 73 1 death
May 20 Hampton,
Capt. Graham
457 Belfast 09 April 41 45 1 death
 
Death from the Hampton
Name Age Died Remarks
McDoon, John 22 1841-06-01 Witnesses:
Armand, Vincent
Lindsay, William
May 20 Thompson,
Capt. Burton
210 Killala 17 April 33 72  
May 20 Volunia,
Capt. Easthorp
336 Padstow 17 April 33 52  
May 20 Naparina,
Capt. White
290 Dublin 15 April 35 107  
May 20 Blanch,
Capt. Rankins
113 Donegal 23 April 27 61 1 death
May 21 Leander,
Capt. Phelan
813 Liverpool 15 April 38 62 1 death
May 21 Urania,
Capt. Clarke
286 Cork 15 April 36 114  
May 21 Clio,
Capt. Brown
513 Padstow 10 April 41 251  
May 21 Vittoria / Victoria,
Capt. Simpson
396 Truro 03 April 48 40  
May 21 Ann Moore,
Capt. Patton
238 Limerick 12 April 39 147 1 death
May 21 Thetis,
Capt. Ross
297 Limerick 11 April 40 131 1 death
May 21 Ann,
Capt. O'Brien
162 Donegal 10 April 38 68  
May 21 Governor,
Capt. Gorman
309 Limerick 10 April 41 200 3 deaths
May 21 Eleanor,
Capt. Bacgirdle
234 Belfast 12 April 39 160 7 deaths
May 21 Spring Flower,
Capt. Simmers
225 Padstow 17 April 34 33  
May 21 Albion,
Capt. Robinson
186 Londonderry 22 April 29 141 1 death
May 21 Empress,
Capt. Cathcart
302 Belfast 15 April 35 180 2 deaths
May 21 Newland,
Capt. Lickis
266 Hull 13 April 38 52  
May 21 Industry,
Capt. Stephens
487 Dublin 23 April 26 178  
May 21 Dominica,
Capt. Bowman
318 Cork 16 April 35 130  
May 21 Helen Stewart,
Capt. Stuart
258 Westport 20 April 31 142  
 
Death from the Helen Stewart / Stuart
Name Age Died Remarks
Rice, John 25 1841-06-04 Parents: Jack Rice
and Helen Gennely?
May 21 Try Again,
Capt. Heacock
291 Cork 11 April 40 180  
May 21 Congress,
Capt. Wheel
299 Belfast 16 April 35 154 2 deaths
May 21 Sir George Provost,
Capt. Walker
450 Newry 11 April 40 280  
May 21 Aberdeen,
Capt. Duggan
560 Liverpool 13 April 28 46  
May 21 Wellington,
Capt. McIntire
539 Belfast 21 April 30 388 9 deaths
May 22 Saint Patrick,
Capt. Webster
631 Cork 11 April 41 54  
May 22 Sarah Stewart,
Capt. Low
355 Belfast 05 April 47 269 7 deaths
 
Death from the Sarah Stewart
Name Age Died Remarks
McFarlane, Ann 40 1841-06-11  
May 22 Spring Hill,
Capt. Hall
347 Killala 22 April 30 247  
May 22 Llan Romney,
Capt. Simpson
385 Hull 01 April 51 99 2 deaths
May 22 Ninian,
Capt. Bowler
361 Limerick 03 April 47 181 1 death
May 22 Cornwallis,
Capt. Davis
231 Waterford 16 April 34 127 1 death
May 22 Queen Victoria,
Capt. Rosie
261 Sligo 20 April 32 123 2 deaths
May 22 James Cook,
Capt. Follin
201 Limerick 28 April 24 161  
May 22 Baltic,
Capt. Cardian
252 Yarmouth 07 April 45 32  
May Fairy 247 Thurso 20 April 33 123  
May Industry 290 Sligo 21 April 32 188  
May brig Duchess of Buccleugh 261 Dumfries 03 April 46 30 1 death
May Brynn Abbs 256 Limerick 12 April 42 96  
May Mary Rowe 278 Ballydehole 28 April 27 116  
May Kentville 158 Donegal 20 April 37 111  
May Thomas Richie 384 Bridgwater 04 April 53 100  
May John James 288 Plymouth 06 April 52 30  
May Henry Volant 93 Sligo 22 April 36 84 1 death
May Midas 225 Galway 24 April 34 83 1 death
May Argyle 307 Waterford 06 April 52 34  
May John Esdaile 346 Baltimore, Ire. 11 April 48 233  
May Lord Cochrane,
Capt. Williams
499 Tralee 21 April 38 397 2 deaths
May Carlton 538 Belfast 28 April 31 340 3 deaths | see deaths on Carlton above
May Constitution 241 Belfast 24 April 35 145 9 deaths, 3 in quarantine
 
Death from the Constitution
Name Age Died Remarks
Boyle, Ann Jane 4 1841-05-30 Parents: Thomas Boyle
and Eliza McMullen
McMullen, Elizabeth 30 1841-05-26 wife of Thomas Boyle
McCarney, Margaret 18 1841-06-17 Parents: Peter McCarney
and Sophie McKell
Taylor, John 6mo 1841-06-11  
May Perseverence 224 Belfast 09 April 50 129  
May Falcon 382 Bideford 07 April 52 162 2 deaths
May Dispatch 522 Waterford 10 April 40 145  
May Minstrel 435 Liverpool 22 April 37 130 2 deaths, 1 in marine hospital
May Pacific 386 Thurso 12 April 48 171 22 passengers landed at Pictou
May John and Mary 286 Padstow 10 April 50 108  
May Triton 260 Cardigan 26 April 34 75  
May Amanda 427 Limerick 22 April 38 347  
   
  Returns for the period, ending May 22
 

The number of emigrants arrived this week has been unusually large, in fact over 8,600 have landed during the last four days, all in good circumstances. Their destination is, with few exceptions, to the western section of the province, where a large number have friends and relations already settled. I am happy to state that there has not been a single well-founded complaint from any of them. They have all landed with a large surplus of stock of provisions, owing to the favourable passages they have had, the average of which has been 38 days.

The Marchioness of Abercorn, with 508 passengers, landed them on the 26th day from Londonderry.

Amongst the total number of emigrants arrived are 460, who have been assisted by their landlords. Of this number were 190 by the Prince George, 15 of whom embarked at London, sent out by the Poor Law Commissioners ; 116 embarked at Gravesend, sent out by Lord Portman from his estates in Dorsetshire and Kent ; and 59 from the House of Industry, Isle of Wight, and from the parish of Salthurst and Read Court.
These people were all amply provided for, and received on leaving the ship two days' rations, and a free passage to Montreal, with 20s. sterling, each adult to assist them up the country. A few of the young men went to friends near Albany, state of New York ; the remainder went up the country for employment.

In the Sarah Botsford were 180 persons connected with the Calton Emigration Society ; the greater part of these people are hand-loom weavers. They have been assisted to emigrate by the liberality of private individuals and public bodies. These people arrived in excellent health, and proceeded direct in the vessel to Montreal ; they were well provided for during the voyage.

In the Hampton were seven families, 45 persons, who were assisted to emigrate by Lord Charlemont from his estates in Armagh ; they were all provided for, and proceeded direct on their route to the midland district.

In the James Cook from Limerick were 48 persons, assisted by Colonel Wyndham ; they had sufficient means to carry them up the country, where they had friends in the Newcastle district, and had a large surplus stock of provisions on landing. This vessel made the quickest passage this season, being only 20 days on the voyage.

The English emigrants from Padstow and Hull are a small and healthy body of settlers, nearly all going to settle in the Home and Newcastle districts. A few families have relations in Ohio and Pennsylvania, whom they are going to join. On the whole, I consider that but a small proportion of the emigration this season is going to the United States ; and from what I can learn from them here, much fewer of the Irish, with the exception of those who have friends already settled there, than in former years. If those depending on immediate labour for their support, could only be induced to listen to what is most for their advantage, they would accept of employment here or in Montreal.
We have plenty of employment, and I have arranged that all who want it will be employed on the roads, yet is it with difficulty I can induce them to remain ; if they have sufficient to pay their passage in the steamer they will go on.
Wages here on the Government works is 3s. 1d. per day, and on the roads it is job work, by which they can earn 3s. to 3s. 6d. On board of vessels they get from 4s. to 5s., and good men get as high as 6s. ; but this will only continue for a short time during the hurry occasioned by the arrival of so large a spring fleet.

I have obtained employment for upwards of 500 persons this season, and as near as I can judge about double that number are at present employed here. Mr. Hawke writes me from Kingston, that all those who have arrived there this season seeking employment stated they were offered employment both here and at Montreal, but refused to work, as they expected higher wages at Kingston and Toronto. Very many ridicule the idea of working here at 3s. per day ; the consequence is, on their arrival at Kingston or Toronto they are disappointed.
A large number of emigrants from Belfast and other ports in the north of Ireland are going to settle in the Bathurst and Johnston district ; a good many are going to Cavan, in the Newcastle district.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
  Returns for the period, from May 22 to June 05
 

The emigrants arrived during the last fortnight are chiefly Irish, and all in good health ; a large portion are going up the country to join their friends. I regret to have to report a gross infringement of the 2nd clause of the Imperial Passenger Act, in the case of the ship Lord Cochrane, Captain Williams, from Tralee. This vessel had upwards of 60 adult passengers over her complement, and out of 399 persons on board, there were only 322 names on her passenger list. The master was fined by the collector 20 sterling, which was the highest penalty under the Act. In the space occupied by the passengers, there was only six feet five inches superficies, whereas by the Act there should be 10 feet. These people, notwithstanding their crowded state, landed in good health. The only death during the voyage, was that of a child of two and a half years. The master appears to be quite ignorant of the regulations respecting the carrying of passengers ; and had not a copy of the Passenger Act on board. This vessel is owned by Messrs. R. and W. Hickson, of Tralee.

The demand of labour still continues, but in spite of all I can do or say to those seeking employment, they will not remain here, if they have means to proceed further up. A party I directed across the river St. Lawrence to New Liverpool, for employment, were on arrival there, offered 4s. per day, and refused it, and afterwards applied to be sent up free.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
Date Vessel Name Tons Where
from
Sailed Days Passengers Remarks
June Argo 176 Sligo 29 April 35 96  
June Henry 238 Killala 01 May 35 152  
June Rose Bank 308 Belfast 21 April 47 224 2 deaths
June Souris 177 Belfast 15 April 53 114  
June Tom 168 Dublin 29 April 39 101  
June John and Mary 244 Limerick 12 April 56 36  
June Oberon 384 Liverpool 24 April 44 259  
June Harper 345 Dublin 22 April 46 202 2 deaths
 
Death from the Harper
Name Age Died Remarks
Dolan, Margaret 1 1841-06-10 Parents: Patrick Dolan
and Bridget Curvin !
June Idea 284 Galway 02 May 41 37  
June barque Julia 217 Sligo 02 May 41 137 1 death at sea
June Cornelia 260 Greenock 01 May 43 97 1 death
June Northern Conference 402 Waterford 07 May 37 103 1 death
June 15 Mary Ann 273 Greenock 01 May 45 220 3 deaths, 1 in quarantine, 2 in hospital
 
Death from the Mary Ann
Name Age Died Remarks
Young, George 5 1841-06-15  
June Carricks 244 Westport 29 April 47 137 2 deaths in hospital
June Lively 299 Cork 06 May 38 149  
June Mary Coxon 275 Cork 07 May 39 181 1 death
June Horatio 296 Stockton 19 April 61 33  
June Robert Alexander Park 389 Londonderry 09 May 45 252 3 deaths, 1 in hospital, 1 in quarantine
 
Death from the Robert and Alexander Parks
Name Age Died Remarks
Sanderson, Samuel 2 1841-06-24  
June Chieftain 325 Belfast 10 May 44 36 1 death
June Harmony 430 Bristol 13 May 43 83  
June Iona / Jona 293 Liverpool 13 May 44 73 1 death
June Lady Fitzherbert 384 Plymouth 12 May 45 135  
June Henderson 164 Broad Haven 07 May 50 110  
June Thomas Dryden 266 Sligo 01 May 56 172 1 death
June Perseverence 597 Dublin 13 May 44 331 1 death
June Unicorn 262 Londonderry 14 May 43 193  
June Bell 175 Sligo 17 May 41 124  
June Jane A. Melvaine 306 Londonderry 06 May 52 179  
June Alarm 186 Glasgow 12 May 46 133 1 death
June Stamper 184 Sligo 08 May 50 133 2 deaths
June Princess Victoria 562 Liverpool 20 May 39 292 3 deaths
June Indian 231 Sligo 10 May 50 131 4 deaths, 2 in quarantine
   
  Returns for the week, ending June 12
 

The arrivals during the past week, are chiefly of Irish, and mostly of the labouring class. A few respectable farmers with capital, from 100 to 200 sterling, came out in the Oberon, from Liverpool. About 200 of the passengers by this vessel, proceeded immediately to Montreal, on the route to Upper Canada, where they intend to settle. Five young men are going to New Brunswick, and a few to the United States. Those by the Tom, from Dublin, and Souris from Belfast, landed in good health. A number remained here for employment, the remainder proceeded up the country.

In the Rose Bank, from Belfast, were 28 families, members of the North Quarter Glasgow Emigration Society, principally weavers. They have been assisted to emigrate by public subscription, and by weekly contribution made by each family. They number in all 160 persons ; a surplus amounting to 60£. currency was divided among them on their landing here, which enabled some of them to reach Montreal, whither they were determined to proceed, notwithstanding what I stated to them of the difficulty they would find there, and higher up the country, in obtaining employment, and the certainty of work they would find here. A few of them have, however, taken my advice, and are now at work. In fact very few of the emigrants are inclined to work, if they can possibly avoid it, and they all appear to land here with the impression that the Government will forward them free.

In the schooner Mary, from Sydney, Captain Breton, were 107 passengers, the remainder of those in the Breeze, O' Donnel master, from Limerick, which vessel was wrecked on the island of Scatari, on the 14th May, passengers all saved, but with the loss of their baggage and provisions. She had 160 on board, 53 of whom remained at Sydney for employment ; a few went to St. John and Halifax, and those that came on here are going to their friends ; about 51 of them will remain in the province, the remainder are going to a place called Silver Lake in the state of New York. In consequence of their condition, I forwarded them to Montreal, and gave them a supply of provisions, as they were nearly all penniless.

The total number of persons assisted from this office this season with the exception of these people are 85, namely 4 men and 81 women and children, either widows or married women, with families going to their husbands in different parts of the province.

Those by the Idea from Galway, and Julia from Sligo, landed on Saturday in good health, and many of them have remained here for employment from want of means to proceed further up.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
  Returns for the week, ending June 19
 

The emigrants arrived during the past week all landed in good health. Some of those by the Lively, and Mary Coxon, from Cork, are in good circumstances, and proceeded on their route to their friends in different parts of the province. The passengers per Cornelia and Mary Ann are members of the Glasgow Emigration Society, and have all been assisted to emigrate ; they are anxious to proceed to Upper Canada, but their means are very limited, and they can barely pay their passage to Montreal. I have offered them all employment, but very few would accept it, and prefer paying their last shilling to take them to Montreal. These people all appear to have emigrated with the impression that Government would assist them to their destination. A party of gentlemen in this city offered to subscribe a sum sufficient to procure them provisions during the winter, if they would remain and settle in this district, and to place those desirous on land. One or two families intend to avail themselves of this liberal offer, but the remainder proceed upwards. I am still able to procure employment for all who will accept of it on the roads. When at job work, industrious men can earn 3s. to 3s. 6d. per day. About 300 hands are now employed on them.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
  Returns for the week, ending June 26
 

The emigrants arrived during the past week are in good health and consist of farmers and labourers ; the great majority intend settling in Upper Canada, where they have friends.

The passengers in the Robert Alexander Park and Unicorn, from Londonderry, are respectable settlers, and all appear in good circumstances ; they, with few exceptions have their relations settled in the Home, Gore, and Wellington districts.

In the barque Harmony from Bristol, were a party of Mormons, going to settle in Illinois ; they report that two other vessels are expected from the same port this season. Three families are going to the Newcastle district.

Those in the Lady Fitzherbert from Plymouth, 135 in number, are principally farmers and going to the Western division of the province. Three families complained to this office that Mr. Resterick, the owner of the vessel, with whom they engaged their passage, charged them 5s. a-head for landing charges, and which he told them would be refunded by the master on arrival here, if the charge was incorrect. He stated on application that he was not aware of any such agreement, and refused to refund ; the parties having no written proof, I could not enforce their claim, but from the manner in which these people tell their story, I have no doubt that it is correct.

In the Perseverance, from Dublin, were 106 passengers, who were assisted to emigrate by their landlord, the Honourable Charles Butler Clarke, from his estate in Kilkenny. They landed in good health, and proceeded on their route up the country. The rest of the passengers in this vessel are labourers. One family went to the Eastern townships, and some to friends in Bytown and Toronto. A large number of the labourers from the different vessels have availed themselves of the employment which offers, on the roads in this neighbourhood. A large number of emigrants are reported at Grosse Isle.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
Date Vessel Name Tons Where
from
Sailed Days Passengers Remarks
July 01 Dumfrieshire 873 Belfast 13 May 49 598 5 deaths, 2 in quarantine
 
Death from the Dumfrieshire
Name Age Died Remarks
Ewens, John 10 1841-07-18 Smallpox
Johnston, Sarah 30 1841-07-03  
July 02 Tarbolton 197 Sligo 09 May 54 129  
July 02 Grace 399 Liverpool 07 May 56 303 7 deaths at sea
July 02 Lord Seaton 730 Belfast 19 May 44 520 26 deaths, 12 in quarantine
 
Deaths from the Lord Seaton
Name Age Died Remarks
Armstrong, Martha 24 1841-07-02  
McConfil, Sarah 53 or 40 1841-07-25 Spouse: Terence Collins | Measles
O'Brien, Nancy 25 1841-08-14 continued Fever
July 04 Sarah Maria 157 Sligo 22 May 43 113  
July 04 Albinia 426 Liverpool 23 May 42 245 1 death
July 04 Margaret Johnson 437 Belfast 24 May 41 310  
July 05 Meanwell 297 Londonderry 23 May 43 205  
July 05 George Marsden 277 Rye 07 May 59 213 14 deaths, 1 in quarantine
July Bella 70 Donegal 23 May 40 40  
July 05 Canadian 304 London 12 May 54 42  
July 07 La Plata 187 Cork 21 May 47 97  
July 08 Constitution 558 Belfast 01 June 38 421  
July 09 Dolphin 201 Limerick 22 May 48 126 3 deaths
July 09 Isabella 280 Greenock 26 May 44 33  
July 11 Centenary 352 London 24 May 48 158 4 deaths
July 12 Batchelor 340 Londonderry 22 May 51 197 1 death in hospital
July 12 Nelson 309 Liverpool 27 May 46 74  
July 13 Maria Brennan 206 Limerick 22 May 52 137  
July 13 Taurus 184 Aberdeen 01 June 42 134  
July 13 Ann and Mary 213 Banff 31 May 43 87  
July 13 Nicholson 159 Tralee 26 May 48 109  
July 15 Countess of Arran 316 Donegal 22 May 54 224 3 deaths, 1 in hospital
July 17 barque Margaret Bogle,
Capt. William Smith
320 Leith 01 June 48 117 Some went to the vicinity of Montreal, and the remainder to the neighbourhood of Toronto and Hamilton
July 18 brig Ponoma,
Capt. J.C. Hutchinson
306 Sligo 06 June 43 250 a child died on the voyage | A few went to the States ; the remainder proceed to the Western district
July 22 Elbana,
Capt. Rowlands
- Waterford - - 4  
July 23 barque Victory,
Capt. Jos. Pecket
414 Hull 26 May 58 84
(24 assisted)
Went to Toronto, Hamilton, Whitby and Pickering.
July 23 Symmetry,
Capt. Clarke
- Sheerness - - 4 Proceeded to Upper Canada.
July 23 ship Huron,
Capt. A. Sibbens
449 Liverpool 10 June 44 334 4 children died on the voyage | A few were going to the States ; about 18 were for the Lower Ports ; 25 are respectable Scotch passengers, who are going to Toronto, and a few English families from Newcastle.
July 25 brig Hope,
Capt. Jos. Moffat
152 Dublin 27 May 58 78 1 in quarantine | Went to Montreal and Kingston, where they have friends.
 
Death from the Hope
Name Age Died Remarks
Wright, Jane 5 1841-07-26 continued Fever
July 25 brig Stirling,
Capt. William Hastie
203 Glasgow 22 May 65 154
(106 assisted)
3 deaths | Some are going to Beauharnois, and others to the London district ; many of the labourers remain in Quebec, employed on the roads.
July 31 schooner Lady Charlotte Guest,
Capt. Nat. Brewer
183 Cork / Glasgow 14 June 47 138 Went to Perth, Litchfield, Bytown, Gannanoque, Kingston and London ; and have friends before them.
   
  Returns for the week, ending July 03
 

The passengers arrived during the past week consist of labourers and farmers ; the greater portion of them appear in middling circumstances, and are proceeding up the country to their friends. About 76 I consider are going to join their relations in the United States.

The Princess Victoria, and Grace, from Liverpool, with 593 passengers, all Irish. The passengers by the latter ship have had a long passage of 56 days, and owing to the insufficient state of the water casks, they were on short allowance, and had only four casks of the ship's stock left on arrival at Grosse Isle. On opening the casks, put on board for the use of the passengers, they were found to be not more than two-thirds full, which so soon as the master ascertained, he reduced the allowance to a quart per day, which was further reduced previous to arrival here. I have inspected the casks and find that had they been full, the supply would have been sufficient. The master states that they were all filled up on the day previous to sailing. They are all old leagers, which hold from 250 to 300 gallons, with pine heads, but not sufficiently hooped, to which cause may be attributed the leakage. Their fuel was also expended. The brokers, Messrs. Robinson and Co., had put about four chaldrons of coals on board, which the Government agents, on inspection previous to sailing, considering not enough, ordered an additional three tons, which however was not sent. The master fortunately had five tons on board for their own supplv, which was nearly all expended on arrival here and prevented the serious inconvenience which would otherwise have occurred from the want of fuel. The berthing was also put up in so slight a manner that it fell down several times during the voyage, in heavy weather. This vessel cleared out under the old tonnage measurement, and had 29 passengers over her complement, for which the master was fined 20 sterling by the collector. Taking the superficies of the space occupied by the passengers, she was within the Act, and would also have been, if the passengers were calculated according to her tonnage under the new measurement.

The passengers by several vessels which arrived this week, suffered from sickness, measles, and small-pox. The Lord Seaton, from Belfast, had 14 deaths, and the Grace 7, chiefly children ; some others had a few cases, but very slight. Those from Sligo have landed in good health, and are proceeding up the country to their friends. Employment is becoming more scarce in this neighbourhood, and those depending on immediate work for their support, find difficulty in obtaining it, the demand for labour on the roads being limited. From 350 to 400 hands are now employed here, and the Commissioners are in hopes of being able to take on an additional number of those most in need in the course of next. week.

I have been obliged to give assistance to 21 families during the past week ; they were chiefly women and children, and had their husbands and relations settled in the province.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
   
  Returns for the week, ending July 10
 

The emigrants arrived during the past week are chiefly labourers and farmers. On board the George Marsden from Rye, were 227 passengers, who were assisted to emigrate by their respective parishes in Sussex and Kent. They were furnished with a free passage and provisions, and the sum of 140 was divided among them according to their families. They were also forwarded free to Montreal. On board the Canadian, from London, were some respectable steerage passengers going to settle in the Home District; also 18 boys sent out by the Society for the Refuge for the Destitute ; they have all been instructed in trades, and were forwarded to Montreal.

The passengers from Belfast and Londonderry are chiefly labourers and farmers ; some of them have good means and they are all going to settle in Upper Canada. Among the Londonderry passengers there were a number of poor families coming out to their relations, to whom I was obliged to furnish assistance to enable them to proceed. The passengers in the La Plata from Cork, and Dolphin from Limerick, are in good circumstances, and proceed up the country for settlement. One family in the Thomas Williams from Cardigan, which has brought out about 60, has settled on the Lambton Road. They hope to bring out several of their friends to join them next season.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
   
  Returns for the week, ending July 17
 

A large proportion of the emigrants arrived this week are in good circumstances, and all intend settling in Canada West. The passengers in the Centenary from London, are chiefly farmers and labourers, and proceeded direct on their route up the country. The passengers in the Taurus from Aberdeen are intelligent Scotch settlers, and most of them have friends up the country, in the London and Western districts. They proceeded direct to Montreal, having their passage paid to that port.

In the Mary Anne were 26 families from Banff, all with good means and proceeding to settle at Goderich, and a few going to their friends in the vicinity of Perth and Lanark. The passengers in the Bachelor from Londonderry are in good health, and the greater part proceed up the country. A few families who had not the means of proceeding further are employed here, and to others with large helpless families I have granted limited assistance to enable them to reach their friends.

The passengers, per the Maria Brennan, from Limerick, and Countess of Arran, from Donegal, are of the labouring class ; a few of them are going to their friends in the United States, but the greater portion to the western part of the Province.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   
   
  Returns for the week, ending July 31
 

The passengers arrived during the past week are all in good health, and consist of farmers and labourers. In the Margaret Bogle were some very respectable Scotch emigrants from Leith, who, with the exception of one family, were all in good circumstances ; five families have gone to settle in the Huron Tract, and the remainder in the Home and Gore Districts. The Pomona, Captain Hutchinson, from Sligo, cleared from that port with 214 passengers, as certified in the list forwarded to me by the Government agent for that port, and her bill of health from the Custom House certified for 228, including master and crew. On arrival here, she was found to have 250 passengers on board, making an excess of 27 adults over the complement she is entitled to carry by law. The master was fined 20 sterling by the collector of customs. It is much to be regretted that the law does not fix the penalty at so much for each one over the number prescribed by law. As the law stands now, the owner or charterer will pocket 35 sterling by the operation after paying the fine.

The passengers, per the Victory, are intelligent settlers from the vicinity of Hull, and are proceeding to settle in the western division of the province. The Huron, from Liverpool, with 327 passengers, are chiefly labourers ; there are a few Scotch families in good circumstances, 26 in number, from Paisley, and a few English families from Newcastle. Two Irish families have gone to settle near Sherbrook, and a few are remaining here for employment; the rest are proceeding up the country.

In the brig Hope, from Dublin, were 71 passengers, who had a passage of 51 days. Many of them were short of provisions, and had to purchase from the master, who appears to have taken every advantage of their distress. One poor family coming out to their friends in Montreal was in debt to the master for provisions near 5 on arrival here. The master states that before he was a month out some families applied to him for provisions ; their stock, consequently, could not have been laid in according to the Act. Three families in the Huron are going to Nova Scotia to their friends.

The passengers per the Stirling, from Glasgow, 154 in number ; 106 of whom are members of the Glasgow Emigration Society, landed here very poor, and without sufficient means to pay their passage, even as far as Montreal ; seven families are employed here, and I have offered it to the rest; but nothing but the necessity of their situation would induce them to accept of it here ; some refused, and even disposed of their effects to enable them to proceed. It is much to be regretted the exaggerated accounts which have been circulated among (more particularly the Scotch) emigrants this season. They all land here with the idea that they are to be forwarded at Government expense to whatever section of the province they may fix on, and it is with great difficulty I can persuade them that such is not the case.

The passengers by the Lady Charlotte Guest were in better circumstances, and these people emigrated at their own cost, and proceeded in the vessel to Montreal ; the greater portion of them have their relations settled in the province ; some in the Bathurst district, and others are going to Goderich and Dumfries.

  A.C. Buchanan, Chief Agent
Emigrant Department, Quebec
   

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