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Canadian News and British American Intelligencer 1856
Extracts from the Canadian News (published in London, England every other Wednesday), 1856. This is the first year of the publication.
June 11, 1856
Shipping IntelligenceSladacona [sic Stadacona], Willis, 23rd May, at Quebec, from Poole, 19 passengers
Harlequin, Gillespies, 19th May, at Quebec, from Glasgow, 3 cabin, 12 steerage passengers
Belmont, Gilpin, 19th May, at Quebec, from Plymouth, 24 passengers
Emigrant, Forbes, 19th May, at Quebec, from Montrose, 141 passengers
Estcourt, Liddell, 19th May, at Quebec, from London, 81 officers and men of the Royal Artillery
City of Hamilton, Pender, on 5th May, in lat. 45 40, long. 44 0, passed close alongside a ship's knee, bright varnished, apparently not long in the water, among icebergs. Experienced strong gales from the westward, and saw heavy fields of ice on the eastern edge of the Great Bank.
Canadian, Ballanstine [sic], 22nd May, at Quebec, from Aberdeen, 95 passengers
Berbice, Scott, 22nd May, at Quebec, from Aberdeen, 95 passengers
The number of emigrants arrived is still on the decrease, but that, it must be borne in mind, is the result of the falling off in the supply, rather than from any cause over which the North American Colonies have any control or under the slightest connection with.
Return of the number of Passengers arrived at the Port of Quebec, from the opening of the Navigation to this and corresponding date, 1855: -
Ship Building at Quebec-
At St. Rochs, Tuesday, the 20th ult., a splendid barque, to class 7 years, belonging to Mr. E. Michon, of 491 tons o.m., has been launched by Mr. James Goudie. Messrs. Parke's and P. Valin's new ships were also safely launched the same day.
On Thursday, a splendid ship called "Louisiania," 1400 tons, was launched from mr. T.C. Lee's shipyard. Among the many splendid new ships now at the wharves, none have been more admired than the two vessels built by Mr. P. Valin, at Hare Point. The largest, the "Crimea," of 1100 tons, is intended for the Liverpool market. The small one, the "Hiawatha," of 570 tons, is a perfect model, and is clipper built. It is the intention of her owners, Messrs. Anderson and Swinburn, of London, to place her on the line between the Thames and Montreal, as a regular trader. Both vessels have been built under the superintendence of T. Menzies, Esq., Lloyd's surveyor at this port, and will Class A 1 for 7 years.
A new line of steamers is about to be established between Liverpool and America, a company having been formed under the law of limited liability in Canada and this country, with a capital of £250,000, to run to Portland, in Maine, calling at Newfoundland and Halifax, United States, to land freight and passengers. The inhabitants of Newfoundland have memorialised [sic] Government to grant sufficient aid to enable the establishment of direct communication with England both ways, and the present undertaking is calculated opportunely to supply the requirement. It is intended to commence with two powerful vessels of about 2000 tons measurement, possessing, besides large cargo, space accommodation for three classes of passengers. The first is intended to leave Liverpool about the 1st of August.
There are now six mail steam-packet communications every month between England and the United States. In Article 20 of the United States and English Postal Convention, it states that "in case of war between the two nations the mail packets of the two countries shall continue their navigation without impediment or molestation until six weeks after a notification shall have been made on the part of either of the two governments and delivered to the other that the service is to be discontinued, in which case they shall be permitted to return freely and under special protection to their respective ports."
16,361 emigrants quitted Liverpool during the last month, 1337 proceeding to Australia, 13,252 to the United States, 1674 to Canada, and 98 to New Brunswick. Of these emigrants 148 were cabin, and 16,213 steerage-passengers. 5319 of them were English, 717 Scotch, 9453 Irish, and 724 natives of various foreign countries. These emigrants went out in vessels under Government inspection.
The Montreal Steam Ship company have entered into a contract with the government of Canada to carry the mails between Liverpool and Quebec during the summer months, twice a month, and, when the navigation of the St. Lawrence is closed, once a month to Portland, Maine. The first vessel under this contract, "The Anglo-Saxon," was despatched from Liverpool last Wednesday. She took the mails, about 200 passengers, and full cargo of merchandise on freight.
The following regulations have been issued by the Post-Office for these mails: -
"Mails will be made up for conveyance by these packets, and such correspondence will be forwarded by them as may be specially addressed 'By Canadian mail packet.'
"The postage upon letters thus sent will be-For a letter not exceeding half an ounce in weight - 0s. 6d.
For a letter exceeding half an ounce and not exceeding one ounce - 1s. 0d.
And so on, according to the scale for charging inland letters; and such letters may be paid in advance or forwarded unpaid, at the option of the sender.
"Upon books the usual rate of postage of-For a packet not exceeding half a pound in weight - 9s. 6d.
For a packet exceeding half a pound and not exceeding one pound - 1s. 0d.
And so on, will be chargeable.
"Newspapers will be liable to a postage of 1d. each.
"Books and newspapers, as well as letters, intended to be sent by these vessels, must be specially addressed 'By Canadian mail packet.' "
From Liverpool to the United States
Enclosed rooms for families, who wish to be more select, can be reserved for those who require them.
Berths in the first and second cabin and steerage can be secured by remitting a deposit of 1l. To the undersigned, who will give any information respecting and the passage to the above ports, and to the interior.
Sabel and Cortis, No. 2, Regent-road, and 177 Broadway, New York.
Steam Communication between Liverpool and Canada--
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's first-class powerful Screw Steamers (under contract with Her Majesty's Provincial Government for the conveyance of the mails) are intended to be despatched fortnightly from Liverpool as under:--
North American, Wednesday, June 18
Canadian, Wednesday, July 2
Indian, Wednesday, July 16
Anglo-Saxon, Wednesday, July 30
Cabin passage money, 18 guineas; steerage passage money, 8 guineas. Apply in Glasgow to J. and A. Allan, 54, St. Enoch-square; in Liverpool to Allan and Gillespie, Derby-buildings, Fenwick-street; or here to Montgomerie and Greenhorne, 17, Grace-church-street.
Victoria (London) Docks.
To Shippers-The Victoria Dock Company Give Notice
that the following ships, viz.,
are now loading outwards in the Victoria Docks.
The Company undertake the conveyance of goods from the Shipper's door to the Docks at 4s. per ton. If shippers, Carriers, or others deliver the goods to Steel-yard Wharf, the charge for transit thence to the Docks will be 2s. per ton.
When in quantities of not less than five tons, goods so conveyed are delivered direct to the ship's side, and all charge for wharfage and shipping is thus avoided.
Goods conveyed from the Docks at the same rates.
Further particulars may be obtained at the Victoria Dock-house, Rood-lane; or at the Offices, at the Steel-yard, 86 Upper Thames-street.
C. Capper, Manager.
June 25, 1856
Emigration To Central Canada
The "Banshee" has just carried up a number of emigrants, being the first of the season; and on Saturday the "Ottawa" had on board about 300 of the same description of cargo. They were Scotch; fine healthy looking persons, and we presume must have had the metal in company, as some of them made anxious inquiries as to "how much land they could buy for fifteen hundred pounds." They had paid their own passage-money, and, judging from the unusually large quantity of boxes, trunks, &c., which accompanied them, they must have been of a superior class.-- Prescott Messenger.
A voyage from England to Canada has now become a very simple affair. Three steam-vessels of the Canadian ocean-line have arrived since the opening of navigation, and they have, in every case, made quick passages, placing the whole continent in possession of European news before it had been received by any other means. The passage is likely, according to the examples before us, to be made on an average in twelve days by our Canadian line of steamers. The last one which arrived, the "Indian," made the passage in less than twelve days.
Midas, Hall, 23rd May, at Quebec, from Antwerp,
July 9, 1856
Shipwreck In The Gulf
Intelligence has been received that the ship "Pallas," Capt. Spillane, bound from Cork to this port [Quebec], with emigrant passengers, was wrecked at St. Paul's Island, and that 82 lives were lost. The "Pallas" sailed on the 28th April, with 136 steerage passengers, and had a good run to the entrance of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. On the night of the 30th May, about ten o'clock, during a thick fog, with moderate breeze, the ship running at the rate of four and a half knots, she struck on the south side of St. Paul's. The life-boat was got out, and every soul on board, as well as the baggage, might have been saved, but the passengers rushed into the boat, and no persuasion could induce any number of them to leave her. The boat in consequence was stove in, and all on board of it were drowned. The master and the remainder of the crew and passengers stood by the wreck until morning, when they were safely conveyed ashore in boats from the island. Capt. Spillane crossed to Sydney, and hired the schooner "Nazaire" to bring up the survivors to Crosse Isle, [sic- Grosse Isle] when they were transferred to the regular steamer, which has since safely arrived in Quebec. Seventy-nine passengers, and three of the crew-in all eight-two lives were lost. The bodies of the three seaman and three of the passengers who perished were all that had been washed ashore while those who were saved remained on the island. We regret to learn that the poor sufferers by this disaster have lost everything they possessed. The vessel broke up soon after the Island boats had taken off the last passengers. The Quebec papers have received from Mr. A.C. Buchanan, the Chief Emigrant Agent, the following list of the passengers:--
Michael Barry and child John; Mary Leahy; Daniel Sullivan; Jerry Sullivan; John Sullivan; Nelly M'Carty; Mary Ahern; James Leary; Tim Leary; John Murphy; Mary Sheehan; Michael Crowly; Richard Crowly; Thomas Crowly; Julia Crowly; Mary Brian; Julia Murphy; Kate Kelly; William Regan; Alfred Browning; Michael Carroll; Margaret Flaherty; Mary Sullivan; Daniel Murphy; Julia Scanlan; Bridget Holland; Mary Desmond; Mary Donovan; Mary Regan; Humphry; [sic] Leary; [sic] Ellen Leary; Eliza Cosgreve; David Manning; Robert Edwards; Joseph Edwards; William Flink; Denis Cotter; John Flynn; Mary Hurly; Thomas Heffernon, wife and child; Mary Ryan; Patrick Ryan; Edward Conroy; Jerry King; Thomas Coughlan; John Donovan; Thomas Monahan; Julia Monahan; Michael Flaherty; Patrick Flaherty; James Flaherty; John Larkin; Bridget Larkin; Bridget Marony; Mary Marony, - Total 57.
James Crennen; Ellen Gorman, and 3 children; Hannah Sullivan; Mary Barry; Ellen Barry; Johanna Crowly; Patrick Daly; Johanna Leahy, and child; John Crowly; Bridget M'Carthy; Denis Hayes; Kate Hayes; Mary Casey; Mary Gloster; Hannah Crowly; Patrick Leary; John Sullivan; Mary Kearney, and 3 children; John M'Carthy; Elicia Hartnet; Denis Foley, and 2 children; Edward Carroll; Daniel Leary; Tim Leary; Kate Leary; Edward Hennessey; Johanna Sheehy, and 2 children; Charles Foley; Daniel Lynch; Timothy Reardon; James Leary; Ellen Sheehy, and 4 children; Mary Loughnane; Bridget Enright; Johanna Enright; Mary Leary; William Flanin; Ellen Hurly; Denis Ready; Michael Ready; Mary Molony, and child; Patrick Moriarty; Julia Keohane; Thomas Ferguson; Thomas Daly; Mary Daly, and child; John, Kate, and Dora Ryan (children); Daniel Dineen; Mary Anne Farrell; Susan Stone, and 3 children; Martin Gleason; William Richardson; John and Anne Flaherty; Mary Morony-Total 79. Of the crew-one seaman, the cook, and a boy were drowned.
Medora, Wyman, 20th June, at Quebec, from
Hamburg, 273 passengers.
July 23, 1856
The "Anglo-Saxon," about which we were getting uneasy, until we received advice of her having been obliged to put back, arrived at Quebec on the 25th ult., with 49 cabin and 92 steerage passengers; and the "North America" arrived at the same port on the 30th, with 96 cabin, and 91 steerage passengers: both vessels bringing us later news. The "North America" arrived here [Montreal] on the 3rd instant; the "Anglo-Saxon" did not get up the river so far. The former vessel I see made an excellent run home, notwithstanding bad coals and other drawbacks. The "Anglo-Saxon" sailed on Saturday from Quebec, with 133 passengers.
Our port is getting quite empty, all the spring fleet have nearly departed; there is only now remaining one ship, two barques, and two brigs, and the steamship "North America." Since my last the following ships have cleared: "Mohawk," "City of Toronto," "Hawk," "Amelia;" barques, "Jane Brown," "Albinus," "Beta" and "Sappho."
The weather has been fine and warm, with just sufficient rain; the accounts of the growing crops from all parts of the country are most satisfactory, and we have now the promise of a most abundant harvest.
Emma Godwin, Chester, 4th July, at Quebec,
from Antwerp, 121 passengers.
First Screw Steam Ship from Liverpool for Portland, U.S.,
This beautiful Steam Ship, since she was launched, some six months since, has been employed in the Government service, and has proved herself to be a very fast, and in every way a superior vessel. She has five water tight compartments, and is built of extra strength, suitable for the North American trade, and is now being refitted with comfortable accommodations for a limited number of first class and steerage passengers. Provisions provided in the usual style on board of Atlantic steamers, at the rates of passage named below. Wines and other liquors can be had on board at moderate charges.
First Class Passage-money from Liverpool to St. John, Newfoundland...15
General Office, Weaver-buildings, Brunswick-street, Liverpool; or to Charles R. Taylor & Sons, 31, North John-street, Liverpool; Thomas H. Brooking & Co., 14, New Broad-street, London; Brooking, Son & Co., St. John, Newfoundland; Benjamin Wier & Co., Halifax, N.S.
Notice-Freight by the Mail Steamers to Halifax, Boston, and New York, is £4 per ton, and 5 per cent. primage.
British and North American Royal Mail Steam-Ships, appointed by the Admiralty
to sail between Liverpool and New York direct, and between Liverpool and
Boston, the Boston Ships only calling at Halifax to land and receive passengers
and her Majesty's mails. The following (or other) vessels are appointed
to sail from Liverpool:--
Passage money, including steward's fee and provisions, but without wines or liquors (which can be obtained on board):-To Halifax and Boston, chief cabin 25 guineas; second cabin, 15 guineas. To New York, chief cabin, 30 guineas; second cabin, 20 guineas. Dogs £5 each. Small parcels 5s. each and upwards, according to size. These steam-ships have accommodation for a limited number of second-cabin passengers.
For passage or other information apply to J.B. Foord, 52, Old Broad-street, London; S. cunard, Halifax; S.S. Lewis, Boston; E. Cunard, New York; D. Currie, Havre, and 17, Boulevard des Italiens, Paris; G. and J. Burns, Buchanan-street, Glasgow; or D. and C. M'Iver, Water-street, Liverpool.
August 6, 1856
Mail steam-ship "Canada," Captain W.J.C. Lang, sailed from Liverpool on Saturday at noon, for Boston and Halifax, with the usual mails for the United States and British North American possessions, with 132 passengers, and a full cargo of merchandise on freight.
The passenger ship "Oriental," H. Tom, commander, sailed from Plymouth on Thursday the 31st ult. For Quebec, with steerage passengers equal to 203½ statute adults and nine cabin. She is to be followed by the "Gipsy Queen," on the 12th of August. The vessels belong to Mr. J.B. Wilmot's line of Quebec passenger ships. The "Oriental" took out in April equal to 214 statute adults steerage and ten cabin.
The submarine electric telegraph cable for the New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company, was successfully laid on the 10th ultimo, from the steamship "Porpontis," Captain Goodwin, under the direction of Mr. Samuel Canning, across the Gulf of St. Lawrence, between Cape Ray Cove, N.F., and Ashby Bay, C.B., a distance of 85 miles, in fifteen hours. Messages are now being freely and instantaneously transmitted from shore to shore.
We understand, says the New York Times, that the Company have about 700 men at work in Newfoundland and on Cape Breton. The Newfoundland line from St. John's to the point where it intersects with the lines of the American Telegraph Company in Nova Scotia will be about 600 miles in length, and it is confidently expected that the whole will be completed and in successful operation by the 1st of September; and, from arrangements already completed, it is also, we understand, confidently expected by the New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company, that the cable to connect Newfoundland and Ireland will be laid down during the ensuing year. The best electricians and practical telegraphers entertain no doubt that every serious obstacle in the way of the triumphant success of the Transatlantic line has been removed. We understand that Cyrus W. Field, Esq., one of the prominent members of the New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company, will leave for Europe this week to complete arrangements for the immediate commencement of the Transatlantic line.
Intended, 17th July, at Quebec, from Bale,
We perceive that a line of screw steamers is announced direct from London to Montreal. The first vessel, "The Chester," left the London Docks last week. The next steamer is announced for the 9th August.
August 20, 1856
"The Canadian News." -
A new paper has been started in London called the "Canadian News," which is published every alternate Wednesday. The News is chiefly devoted to Canadian affairs, but a space is assigned in each No. for the benefit of the Lower Provinces.-- Halifax Chronicle.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Navigation Company's Royal mail screw steam ship "Canadian," Captain Ballantine, arrived at Liverpool on Thursday, at noon, with 116 passengers, but no specie, after a very good passage. She sailed from Quebec at 2.30 p.m. on the second inst., and in passing through the Transverse touched ground on the North Bank, stopped engine, and backed astern; at 3.10 p.m. put on full speed. She passed icebergs on the 5th, and encountered thick foggy weather during the passage, accompanied by squalls, in one of which she carried away her jibboom. On the 6th of August, in lat. 52 32 W., long. 45 30 W., passed the screw steam ship "Anglo-Saxon," of same line, hence to Quebec; August 12th, passed the barque "Criterion," bound for west.
The following is a list of the passengers by the "Canadian:"--
D. Bennett, D. Thorkwell, Mr. Marsh and lady, Boulanger and friend, Rev. M. David, Major Guffin, Mr. Jamieson, Mrs. Alma, H.C. Hindman, John Lowe, Mr. Gumday, Jas. Tonking, Miss Baker, Miss Clarke, Miss Carden, Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Stevison, Miss Stevison, Applegarth, Mrs. Richmond, Mrs. Neveille and 2 daughters, Mr. McKenzie, lady and child, Mr. Stevison, Mr. J. Stinson, Master do., Mrs. Mills, Miss Mills, Rev. J.B. Borgelet, Col. Gordon, Aaron Sharrard, Master Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Haines, Mrs. Meyer and 2 daughters, D.W. Smith, wife and 9 children, John Taylor, Alex Fraser, D. Malloch, Mary Crooks, Mrs. Vally and infant, Miss Mordice, W. McGrath, Mrs. Sewis and daughter, Mrs. Upton and daughter, Mrs. Hickey and son, M. clarke, Mrs. Howe and 2 children, G.T. Rolland, J. Cathell, Wm. Routh, Mr. McNamara, R. McLaughlan, J. Mordue, Pierre Fisenne and 3 children, D. Johnstone, Mr. Berrill, D. Kirk, J. rutherford, A. Millwood, A. Howe, Jas. Duncan, Mr. Hart, R. Wright, Mr. Jones, John Manning, Wm. Norton, Jas. Hastings, Geo. Hasting, James McGregor, J. Creig, P. McGrath, R. Smith, J. Spiden, Bridget Mathus, P. Crimmer, J. Matheson, Mary O'Brien, D. McLean, A. Greenwood, Archibald Stewart, J. Horn, A. Penelta, Capt. J. Rogers, W. Muget and wife, 3 children and infant; J. Leary, A. McQuaker, J. Fisenne, Antoinette Fisenne.
The Rev. Thomas Marsh, B.A., one of the passengers on board the "Canadian," died on the passage, and on the arrival of the steamer at Liverpool, an inquest was held upon the body before the borough coroner. It appears from a statement made by the deceased before he died, that on Saturday, August 9, a little before eight o'clock in the morning, he asked the steward if there was any Plantagenet water on board-Plantagenet water being a mineral water generally drunk in Canada. A negative reply was given; when the deceased inquired if there was any mineral water on board. The steward went away and returned with a bowl containing about a quart of fluid, which he handed to the Rev. Mr. Marsh, who swallowed a mouthful of the liquid. He found that it burnt his throat very much, and went upstairs. He presently became very ill, and the surgeon was called to him. Inquiries were instituted, and it was ascertained that the liquid which he had drunk was chloride of zinc, used for disinfecting purposes. The usual remedies were administered, but the deceased gradually sank, and after enduring the greatest agony, died on Tuesday night. The deceased expressed a belief that Harrison did not know the deadly nature of the liquid. The steward's statement is that Mr. Marsh first asked for Plantagenet water, and that he told him there was none on board. He then inquired for some mineral water, and the steward informed him that there was some disinfecting fluid called chloride of lime, or chloride of zinc, and that the deceased told him to bring it to him. The deceased's widow, who was on board, corroborates, however, the evidence as to the statement made by the deceased, and further observes that chloride of lime could not have been mentioned, as he was in the habit of using it in Canada for disinfection purposes.-A verdict was returned, "that the deceased died from the effects of a certain poisonous fluid taken by mistake."
The British and North American Royal mail steamship "Persia," C.H.E. Judkins, commander, arrived in the "Mersey" on Friday evening with advices from New York to the 6th inst., 1,034,334 dollars specie on freight, and 172 passengers. The "Persia" has, in this instance, accomplished the most remarkable feat in maritime history, having traversed the distance between New York and Liverpool-about 3,200 miles-in little over nine days. While there is every reason to believe that she will surpass even this unparalleled performance, we deem it our duty to place the fact on record, as a gratifying proof of our commercial progress and the rapid improvements in ship-building and machinery. From the moment the "Persia" cast off her moorings at Jersey city to her arrival in the Mersey, the exact time occupied was nine days nine hours and forty-five minutes, from which we must deduct four hours forty-five minutes difference of time between the two ports, and two hours and twenty minutes detention, making the net time nine days two hours and forty minutes from port to port, or eight days twenty-three hours and thirty minutes from Sandy Hook to the Bell Buoy. The "Persia" has now completed four voyages, and it is a notable feature in this splendid vessel's career, to observe that each succeeding homeward passage was made in less time than the preceding one. The second run was accomplished in nine days twelve hours and seven minutes, while the third occupied nine days eight hours and forty minutes, being just six hours longer than the time taken for the present trip. From the log of the "Persia" we learn that she started at full speed at 10.45 a.m. on the 6th August. At 12.25 the engines were stopped to discharge the pilot. After a detention of twenty minutes the order, "full speed," was again given, and she fairly proceeded on her course, with a moderate breeze from N.W. For the four days succeeding light winds prevailed, which, though coming from favourable points, added nothing to her speed, her progress being, on the 7th, 289 miles; on the 8th, 293 miles; on the 9th, 308 miles; and on the 10th, 333 miles. On the 11th, the "Persia" attained her highest rate of steaming during the run-namely, 348 miles, against a N.E. breeze. On the 12th, 13th, and 14th, she ran respectively 331, 344, and 342 miles, the winds during this time blowing fresh from N., N.N.W., and N.W. She passed Cape Clear at 10.26 p.m. on the 14th, rounded Holyhead at 1.40 p.m. on the 15th, and was hove to off the bar at 5.15 p.m., where she was detained two hours for water, and passed the Rock Lighthouse at 8.30 p.m.
September 3, 1856
Canada and the West
(From our travelling correspondent.)
The unequalled advantages which Liverpool possesses as a point of embarcation [sic] for all ports on the American continent, are already too well known to need any mention here. I am now more than ever impressed with the vast importance to England and her Canadian colonies of a regular and direct inter-communication. Considering the great popularity of the southern route, viâ Halifax and Boston, and New York, the growing favour with which this new line is regarded is not a little remarkable; and there is now every prospect that the trade, which is being so rapidly developed between the mother country and her transatlantic possessions, will quickly assume an importance and value which the most sanguine expectations of its projectors could scarcely have realised [sic].
Before leaving Liverpool, I had an interview with Mr. Wier, of the firm of Messrs. Wier, Cochrane & Co., agents for a new line of screw steam ships, to sail between that port and Portland Maine, calling at Saint John's and Halifax; the first vessel of the line, the "Khersonese," being advertised to sail on the 23rd of August. These gentlemen are now making arrangements to institute the "through-ticket" system so as to be able to supply emigrants, on payment of one fare, with passages to St. John's, Halifax, or Portland, and from thence to any part of the United States or Canada. It is scarcely necessary to add, that the success of this enterprise will greatly depend on the co-operation of the railway and steamboat companies in the United States, who will, I think, be rather inclined to regard with suspicion any British or Canadian interest seeking to control a favourite system of their own.
My week's stay in Liverpool was very satisfactorily brought to a close, with a visit to St George's Hall, to hear the grand organ which has just been placed in it; and at nine o'clock on the morning of Wednesday, the 30th ult, I found myself among a large crowd of passengers on board the steamboat tender, laying at the landing stage, anxiously watching the long dark hull of the "Anglo Saxon," which loomed up giant-like in the middle of the river. We were soon "all aboard," and I had just time sufficient allowed me to secure my state room, adjust my rather hastily packed luggage, and prepare my note-book, when a harsh, grating sound overhead told me they were weighing anchor. Exactly at thirty minutes past ten o'clock we bid good bye to our friends on board the little tender which was soon lost to sight in the distance; and after the lapse of another hour, spent in adjusting the compasses off the bell buoy at the mouth of the river, the quartermaster at the helm answered "Starboard!-steady!"-in the old familiar drawl, and the noble boat silently answering the stentorian voice of its pilot, gallantly brought her head round to the north, and sailed out into the channel.
It was a magnificent day-the vessel's course was the "north way about," as the route by the north coast of Ireland is called, and I lingered on deck till eight bells, or twelve o'clock, announced the hour for lunch, at which, as the weather was fine, there was a very good attendance.
I shall not waste valuable space and your reader's patience by a repetition of all the little incidents and accidents of a sea voyage, but as briefly as possible describe the different parts of the vessel to which, through the kindness of Captain McMaster and the officers under him, I had ready access.
The "Anglo-Saxon," like the other three vessels composing this line, is an iron screw steam-ship, built at Dumbarton on the Clyde, by the Messrs. Denney and Company, fitted with one of William Denney and Brothers direct action engines, and is in every respect a first-class boat. Its dimensions, taken from the ship register, are as follows, viz:-"length, 300 feet; width of beam, 36 feet; depth of hold, 25 feet; with a registered tonnage of 1872 tons. She has three decks, and is divided into four watertight compartments, which, as all acquainted with ships or ship-building well know, adds greatly to the convenience and safety of the vessel. Although depending principally upon freights, and their contract with the Provincial Government for carrying the mails, the Montreal Ocean S.S. Co., have fitted up these vessels in a very comfortable and handsome manner; and it is almost unanimously admitted by those who have travelled on both lines, that the cabin accommodation is fully equal to many of the boats on the other routes.
The space set apart on board the "Anglo-Saxon" for passengers consisted of an after or chief saloon, where all the first and second cabin passengers messed together; under, and connected with which, and running parallel on either side of the vessel as far as the engine-room, are the state-rooms or sleeping apartments for the first and second cabin passengers-those for the former being stationed furthest aft, or nearest the stern of the vessel, each containing two berths or beds; those appropriated to the latter are almost immediately in the centre of the ship, and contain six berths, both together affording accommodation for upwards of 120 passengers. The forward, or steerage berths, occupy a large open space between the engine-room and the forecastle, to which air and light are freely admitted through ample hatchways, which are never closed except in very rough weather. Commodious and well-arranged hospitals for the sick of both sexes are also kept here under the supervision of the ship's surgeon, whose duties, owing to the fine weather and general good health of all on board, seldom called him from his own room in the after-part of the vessel. There is accommodation in the steerage, when fully fitted up, for 180 passengers. Still further forward, and near the bows of the vessel, is the forecastle, with its ample flush deck extending to the figurehead, and forming a delightful promenade in favourable weather; here are stationed the officers' mess-rooms, with private cabins and sleeping-rooms attached, and beyond these the smaller but scarcely inferior accommodations for the engineers, boatswain, boatswain's mate, and other petty officers of the ship.
I cannot in this communication find space to describe one half of what I saw in my meander in "Jack's hole,"-as the forecastle is sometimes called,-suffice to say, I was as much pleased to notice the cleanly and generally comfortable appearance which everybody and everything before the mast wore, as I had previously been with the arrangements for our own individual and collective appetites in the after-part of the ship. A few notes from the ship's "log" must close this lengthy and somewhat rambling sketch. About one hour after leaving Liverpool, and when off Hornby Point, we passed the U.S. S.S. "Baltic," inward bound; and same day spoke the "North American," belonging to the M.O.S.S. Company's line, on her second trip from Montreal. The ship's departure was taken from Tory Island, on the N.W. coast of Ireland, at 10 a.m., on Thursday the 31st ult., and after a splendid run of six days, on the last of which, during a light fog, we passed the steamship "Canadian" on her third day from Quebec, we made Belle Isle at 5.15 o'clock on the morning of Wednesday the 6th inst. This was the fastest run from land to land on record, and all on board were anticipating a remarkable passage to Quebec, when a dense fog completely shut out the land, and the captain, dreading icebergs which had been noticed for the last day or two hanging suspiciously in our wake, cautiously determined to "bout ship," and keep out of the Straits till the weather should clear up. After a vexatious delay of nearly twenty-four hours, during which there seemed little less than open mutiny among the passengers on board, the land once more appeared in view, and the noble vessel, as if impatient at being checked in her course, sailed into the Straits. Three day's of fog and rainy weather, altogether unlike Lower Canadian weather, combined to put every one on board out of temper; and there seemed to be a general rejoicing amongst those gathered on the deck at that early hour when the anchor was let go in full view of the frowning ramparts of Quebec. The engines had been stopped but twice on the passage, and the whole distance of 2800 miles had been comfortably and even pleasantly travelled in ten days and a half, including detentions, being, I believe, the fastest trip on record viâ the St. Lawrence. Fourteen miles per hour was the highest speed attained with screw and sails, and 288 miles the largest aggregate day's run during the passage. I believe the "Anglo-Saxon" will yet make the trip in nine days. That success may attend the line should be the earnest wich of all on both sides of the Atlantic who take an interest in the future of this great country. The "Indian" sails to-morrow. I have much news to communicate next week.
The following Address was presented to Capt. McMaster:--
We, the undersigned cabin passengers on board the "Anglo-Saxon," wish to express our warm appreciation of the kind, gentlemanly conduct and careful management of Captain McMaster throughout the voyage just completed in which he has been ably supported by the various officers of the ship, and to add a sincere wish for their undivided happiness and prosperity, as well as for the success of the Company in whose service they are engaged. As this will probably meet the eye of the public, we may add our experience of this route (viâ Straits of Belle Isle) to Canada and the Western States, as safe, agreeable, economical, and, probably, more expeditious than any other:
"A.M. Blanchet, Bishop of Nesqualy; E.A. Tascheraa, Ptre; L. Kossi, do.;
S. Buchanan, Col. K.M.; A. Lowry Cole, Lt.-Col. 17th Regt.;
A. Hickey, Barrister at Law; John Joseph, Liverpool; R.W. Towe, Ensign
17th Regt; A.T.H. Perkins, Toronto, C.W.; Wm. Holt, Horburg,
Yorkshire, England; Wm. Boswell, Cobourg, C.W.; F.H. Roas, Belleville,
C.W.; W.A. Meek, Montreal; E.H. Hll, Chicago, Ill., U.S.; Jos. Helm, N.
Orleans, U.S.; John Rankin, Hamilton, C.W.; J. Turner, Liverpool; and
Marianne, Schmacher, 15th August, at Quebec,
from hamburg, 185 passengers
The German Legion
The ship "Martin Luther" has recently arrived here from Liverpool, with three or four hundred men disbanded from the German Legion. They have all a considerable sum of money, and have all been alloted [sic] land in Upper Canada, we believe, in addition. The Imperial Government have certainly not treated these mercenaries as they did the Tipperary militia. A little excess was what might have been reasonably expected, after landing of so many men released from the restraint of discipline and with plenty of money, and in some of the taverns in the Lower Town the Germans behaved rather uproariously, but no serious damage was done. Most of them left on Tuesday night for Montreal, in the steamer "Quebec."- Quebec Colonist.
September 17, 1856
Inkerman, Welsh, 28th August, at Quebec,
from the Clyde, 325 passengers
Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island
From Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island there have been no reports connected with immigration, and we therefore infer that in 1855, as in former years, there was either no immigration at all, or so little as not to call for any notice. Neither have we any information as to any immigration into Newfoundland.
The Montreal Ocean Screw Steamship "Anglo-Saxon," Captain McMaster, arrived in the Mersey, at four o'clock on Tuesday afternoon. She left Quebec on the 30th ult., and thus has made the passage in nine days twenty-three hours; and this short run would have been shorter were it not for detention by fog off the banks of Newfoundland.
One of thepassengers, the Rev. N. Braine, died on board, only an hour after the sailing of the vessel. The following is a list of the passengers:--
Miss Byatt, Miss Lindsay, Mr. Tulford and lady, Mr. Parker, lady, and child, Miss Durand, Miss - Durand, Mr. Durand, Mr. Bredin, Mr. and Mrs. Sanders and eight children, Miss M. Williams, Mr. Cayley, Mr. Nassau Bahamas Dillett, Mrs. Tullock and child, Mr. Rodden, Mr. R.B. Stewart, jun., Mrs. Master, and two Misses Lewis, Captain Warner, Lieut. Palmer, Major Hudson, Captain Milligan, Mr. M. Coles, Mr. T.H. Clark, Mr. Ronald M'Donald, Lieutenants Gosselin and Busturn, Mr. Hunter, lady, and child, Mrs. Braine and son, Mr. D. Evans, Mr. Hodgins, Mrs. A. M'Intosh, Miss Brush, and 58 steerage passengers.
The "Indian," of the Montreal Ocean Mail Steamship Company's line, sailed on Wednesday, for Quebec and Montreal, with a full cargo, besides 91 cabin and 113 steerage passengers.
The Canadian mail steamer "North American," Capt. Grange, from Liverpool, arrived at Quebec on Sunday morning the 24th ultimo, about 7 o'clock, bringing 103 cabin and 150 steerage passengers, a full cargo, and a heavy mail. She left Liverpool on Wednesday the 13th ultimo, about 9 o'clock A.M., and has made a very quick passage. The "North American" experienced contrary winds till the 16th inst. The average distance daily made was 250 miles; but from the 21st to the 22nd inst. she ran 275 miles. The following is the list of passengers:--
Mrs. Grange, Miss Russell, Miss Wilkins, Miss Watson, Miss Fry, Mrs. W Allan, Mrs. Dr. Cook, Miss Mangay, Mr. W.P. Greene and lady, Mr. Foster and lady, Mr. W. Kilpatrick and lady, Mr Sellars, Mr Elliot, W. Muirhead, James Hicken, Mr. Henderson, Mr Turner, Mr. Lewis, A.C. McDonald, John Barrow, Capt. Lacy, lady, child and nurse, David Stephenson, John Ross, R. Mann and lady, Mr. Hearty, Mr. Haynes, W. Kilpatrick, 2 children and nurse, John Robertson, Capt. Pye, Mr. McLogan and son, Mr. Shnter and lady, Mr. Brown, Rev. Wm McDonough, Mr. Railley, Mr. Oliver, A. Crawford, J. Beandry, J. May, Mr. Choate, J.E. Kilpatrick, W.S. Tyler, R.H. Mather, Mr. Hewitt, Miss Crew, Mr. Scott and lady, Mrs Hewitt, Mr. Bridloss, J.S. Dye and lady, R. McIntyre, E. Stuart, Mr. Crake and lady, Mr. Watson, J. Hewitt, Geo. Smith, G.R. Robertson, J.S. Tyre, Mr. Benjamin and son, Mr. Slaughter and lady, Mr. Smith, R. Daley, Mr. Rose, Mr. Ferguson, Mr. Goodsin, T. Massie, John Munro, J. Wilson, Mr. Booth, S. Harper, G. Brown, W. Allan, S. Hopper, W. Andrews, Mr. Murphy, J. Phillips, lady and 5 children, J. Carnegie, Mr. Oldershao, R. Hutchinson, Mr. Ledyard, E. Holt, Rev S. Crosse, L. Oldershao, Geo. Thompson-160, and 150 steerage-in all, 256.
October 1, 1856
Primrose, Ryan, Sept. 7, at Quebec, from Limerick, 36
The Montreal Ocean Steamship company's screw ship "North American," Captain Grange, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday night at 8 o'clock from Canada. She left Quebec on the 13th. She brings 59 first cabin and 66 steerage passengers.
The following is a list of the cabin passengers:--
Miss M. Elliot, Mrs. Spooner, Mrs. Armitage, Mrs. Boyce, Miss Stammers, Mrs. Wansay, Miss Wansay, H.C. Bolton, Mr. Wansay, Mr. A. Allan, lady, child, and nurse, Mr. Foran, Mrs. Foran, Mrs. Ferguson and child, Mr. Johnstone and lady, Mr. Racy, Mr. Brown, Mr. Lafevre, Mr. Surtain, Miss Bittridge, Mrs. Bittridge, Mr. Bittridge, Master Bittridge, P.J. Hamilton, J. Henton, Mr. Figgures, G.H. Bruston, J. Cumming, J.T. M'Kenzie, Mr. Barthrop, Mrs. Standerwick and daughter, Mrs. Heaton, Mr. Holgate, Mr. J. Hutchison, Mr. Conway.
The following address was presented to Captain Grange:--
On board the Montreal Ocean Steam-ship "North American,"
To Captain William Grange.-We the undersigned cabin passengers, before
leaving your vessel, would beg to return you our most sincere thank sfor
[sic] the gentlemanly manner in which we have been entertained by you,
and the officers under your command, during this voyage from Quebec to
Liverpool; and also cheerfully recommend your steam-ship to the notice
of persons desirous of visiting North America, confiding fully in your
abilities to command a first class vessel.
The Montreal Ocean Steamship company's screw steamer, "Canadian," which left Liverpool on the 27th August, arrived at Quebec on the 9th Sept., at four o'clock P.M. She experienced headwinds and heavy gales the whole way across, but nevertheless completed her voyage in thirteen days.
The following is a list of the Cabin Passengers.-Mr. Campbell lady, and family, Mr. Gilbert, Mr. Harris, Mrs. Wright and 4 children, Mr. G. McKenzie, Mr. Howard, Mr. Langbridge, Mr. Garneau, Mr. Johnstone, Mr. Bowman, Mr. Moir, Mr. Anderson, Mr. Stephens and lady, Hon. J. Price, Mr. Dickson, Mr. Wright, Mr. Smith, Mr. Vaer, Mr. Bate, Miss Reed, Miss Thornton, Mrs. Moodie and 2 children, Miss Callen, Mrs. J.C. Cusack, Miss Berry, Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Miss Beechan, Mrs. Hodge, Mr. Westerhead and lady, Mr. McCull and lady, Mr. Howarth and lady, Mrs. Marsh, the Misses Lundley, Mr. Harcourt and lady, Mr. Graham and lady, D.A. Com.-Gen. Irvine, Con. Clerk Hunter, Miss Swedden, Mrs. Jelley, Mrs. Mooney, Miss Lawson, Miss Godfrey, Mrs. Holden, the Misses Russey, Miss Lowry, Capt. Haynes (23rd Regt) and lady, Mr. A. Levaten, D. Com-Gen. Routh, Mr. Kenwick, Mr. Pearson, Mr. H. Jelly, Mr. Smith, Mr. Cullender, Mr. Moore, Mr. Gingras, Mr. Clarke, Mr. Parker, Mr. Ritchie, Mr. Doubleday, Mr. Fisk, Mr. Stone, Mr. Arkell, Mr. Hardy, Mr. J.B. Hughes Capt. Raynes (17th Regt), Mr. Wade, Mr. T. Hodgson, Mr. Parker, Mr. Miller, Rev. Dr. Ayton, Mr. Wichman, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Thompson, and 116 steerage passengers.
Another interesting fact which goes to show the immensely increased traffic which must soon be carried on upon the Canadian waters, is the arrival of the "Dean Richmond" from Chicago at Liverpool. This is another pioneer ship. She sailed from Chicago, at the head of Lake Michigan, several hundred feet above the level of the sea, with a full freight intended for Liverpool without breaking bulk. There seems no ground to doubt the success of the experiment, and certainly the "Dean Richmond" has made one of the most wonderful voyages on record. The new line of steamers, from London to Quebec, appears to be progressing very favourably, the second vessel having arrived at Quebec after a most successful passage.
The screw steamer "Black Prince," the second of the direct line from London, arrived in port [Quebec] about half-past nine this morning. She left Gravesend on the 12th August, and arrived at Quebec on Saturday, August 30.
October 15, 1856
The Montreal Ocean Steam-ship Company's screw steamer "North American," Captain W. Grange, left Liverpool on Wednesday afternoon for Quebec and Montreal, with the fortnightly mails for the Canadian provinces, 107 cabin and 230 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Amongst the steerage passengers are a large number of soldiers' wives and children.
The Canadian Ocean Mail Steam-ship Company's screw steamer "Indian," Captain Jones, from Liverpool, arrived at Quebec on the 23rd of September, shortly before noon. She left Liverpool about three o'clock on the afternoon of the 10th of that month. She encountered very heavy weather on the passage. She had on board 92 cabin and 116 steerage passengers. The following is a list of the former:--
Mr. and Mrs. Kortoske, Mr. and Mrs. Midgley, Col. Fitzgerald, Mrs. Fitzgerald and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Bettridge, Mr. Seymour, Mr. A. Jeffrey, Mr. H. Jeffrey, Mr. and Mrs. Dakers, Mr. and Mrs. J. Day, Mr. H. Lowe, Lieut. Garnier, Dr. Burton, Mr. Hobbs, Mr. H. Smith, Miss Cruden, Miss Lumley, Mrs. Cartwright, Miss Cartwright, Miss Moneypenny, Miss Smith, Mrs. Dimsdale and child, Miss Chuffey, Mrs. Herring, Miss Gunn, Mrs. Moore, Miss Richards, Mr. Richards, Col. Bouchier, Mrs. Col. Bouchier, nurse and 4 children, Mr. J.C. Ross, Mr. W. Cochran, Mr. P. Paterson, Mr. Foulds, Mr. W.S. Sewell, Mr. J. Horrocks, Mr. Southeran, Mr. Insp.-Gen. Alexander, Mrs. Alexander, Rev. A.P. Morris, Mrs. Morris, Mr. J. Brown, Mr. D. Henderson, Master Brown, Mr. H.P. Pell, Mr. G. Greenaway, Mr. F. Kennedy, Mr. F. Kennedy, jun., Mr. Creagh, Mr. A.S.R. Kennedy, Mrs. Kennedy and 4 Misses Kennedy, Mrs. Millar and child, Mrs. J. Taylor, Mrs. Barrow, Mr. and Mrs. Hindle and 2 children, Rev. Mr. Hogan, Rev. Mr. Singer, Rev. Marsallis, Mr. Pender, Mr. Smith, Mr. Hollemake,Mr. Pollard, Mr. M. Pelletier, Mr. A. McWhinney, Rev. Mr. Carayon, Mr. A. Carayon, Mr. Murdoch.
The Montreal Ocean Steam-ship Company's screw steamer "Canadian," Captain Ballantine, arrived at Liverpool on Thursday night. She sailed from Quebec at five o'clock on the morning of the 28th ult., having been detained in consequence of the delay of the arrival of the Western mails from the 27th. She brings a heavy cargo and 112 passengers, besides the usual mails from the British North-American provinces.
The "Canadian" passed the screw steamship "Anglo-Saxon," of the same line, October 2, lat. 53.26 N., lon. 49.15 W., hence to Quebec; and on the 9th, off the Copelands, the "North American," for the same port.
The following is a list of her passengers:--
Rev. S.H. Pennett, Cusherie, Willett, Glackmeyer, Staff-Surgeon Pannett and lady, Hickey and lady, Kimmond, Neilson, Gordon, Bolton, Mrs. Commay, Miss Kittoe, Miss Kimmond, Miss Gordon, Lieutenant Malson, lady and infant, Mrs. Smith and child, Mrs. Davies, Margaret M'Gowan and two children, James Lawe, Mrs. Gouden, John Layer, Edmund M'Fall, W.L. Wood, T. Bothwell, Alexander M'Luckie, Lieut. W. Hubbard, S. Scholefield, W. Wyatt, Mrs. Oliver, Mrs. Laraine, Mrs. Watson and child, Mrs. Drummond and two children, Miss Foulde, Mrs. Blaine and three children, Miss Davis, Peter Shaw, James Tudbull, Dowd, Hamilton, W. Blair, Linkinwater, b. Collinson, J. Huggis, J. Cooks, C. Yandle, W. Hamilton, Mrs. Jackson, A. Collins, J. Henderson, W. Hill, T. Robinson, a. Knox, A. Gibsone, M. Derine, Creto Groppe, Pietro Ponsone, F. Pesone, F. Wright and Mrs. Wright, J. Laurie, W. Gouden, J. Younder, J. Wether, Thomas King and child, J. Malony, A. Gordon, and Thomas M'Lennan.
October 29, 1856
The Montreal Ocean Steam-shipping Company's screw steamer "Anglo-Saxon," Captain McMaster, arrived at Quebec, shortly before noon on the 6th inst. She left Liverpool on the 24th ultimo.
The "Anglo-Saxon" had 118 cabin and 134 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. She encountered heavy gales during her voyage. Passed the S.S. "North American," within two hours' sail of Liverpool. On the 2nd inst., passed several icebergs; also in lat. 52 deg. 36 min., long. 51 deg. 0 min. 3 sec., the "Canadian" about 20 hours' sail from Belleisle.
The following is a list of the passengers:--
Mdlle. Driss, Miss K. McKaise, Mrs. G. Tandyside, Mrs. G. Talliday, Mrs. D. King, Mrs. La Cross, Mrs. Steel, Mr. S.A. Skinner, Mrs. Skinner, Rev. Mr. Snodgrass, Mrs. Snodgrass and 2 children, Capt. Lake, Mrs. Lake and child, Mr. D. Hamilton, Mr. A. Gilmour, Mr. Grant, Mr. Franck, Mr. Williams, Mr. J.G.T. Garner, Mr. J.D. Roger, Mr. Phillip, Mr. Haines, Mr. A. McIntosh, Mr. I. Lemoy, Mr. McAdam, Mr. Zodhair, Mrs. Zodhair, Mr. S. Crocker, Mrs. Crocker, nurse and 4 children, Mr. J. Collinge, Mr. Hopkins, Dr. Taylor, Rev. Mr. McHutchinson, Mr. J.D. Stevens, Mrs. Stevens, Mr. Greey, Mrs. Greey, Mr. McKenzie, Mrs. McKenzie, Miss Woodhouse, Miss Molson, Dr. Green, Rev. J. Sutledge, Mr. Bressler, Mr. W.J. Key, Mr. Barber, Mr. Molson, Mr. B.B. Adams, Mr. J.A. McPherson, Major Loveless, Mr. coplestone, Mr. J.A. Bridgers, Mr. Handyside, Mr. R. Romaine, Mrs. Romaine, Mr. and Mrs. Coplestone, nurse and 2 children, Mr. Paton, Mrs. Patch, mr. Radcliffe, Mr. Holland, Mrs. Holland, Mrs. Glover, Mr. W.Y. Findley, Mr. Morrison, Mr. Lowe, Mr. C. Sanders, mrs. Sanders, Mr. McIntosh, Mr. J. Lawford, Mr. Yateman, Mr. Cox, Mr. Alleyn, Capt. Manson, Mrs. Hickey, and son, Mr. J.J. Wood, Mr. Sisson, Mrs. E. Niley and 2 children, Mr. Ford, Mrs. Russell and child, Mrs. Haines, Miss Colvin, Miss Cooper, Mrs. J.B. Watts, 4 children and nurse, Mr. J.B. Watts, Mr. Eckley, Mr. J. Halford, Mr. G. Watson, Mr. Sarjeant, Mr. A. Roper, Bishop of Bytown, Rev. - Bovier, Rev. Mr. Mastre, Rev. Mr. Honoret, A. Fraser, Mrs. Elliot, Mrs. A. Ketchem, and 134 steerage passengers.-Total 252.
The Montreal Ocean Steam-shipping Company's screw-steamer "Indian," Capt. Jones, arrived in the Mersey on Wednesday morning, having left Quebec on the 10th inst. She brings 134 passengers and full cargo of merchandise on freight, but no specie.
The "Indian" passed the "North-American" screw steamer of the same line, hence for Quebec and Montreal, on the 16th, lat. 54, long. 41.
The following is a list of the passengers:--
Mr. and Mrs. Winter, Miss Winter, and five children; Mr. Colton, Mr. Neville, Miss Neville, Mrs. J. Leeming, Miss Leeming, Miss F. Leeming, Mr. Birkmyre, Mr. J.L. Gibb, Mr. Russell, Mr. Carpenter, Mr. Leigh, and Mrs. Leigh, Mr. Manson, Mr. and Mrs Hilliwell and two children, Mr. Whidden, Mr. W.C. Elliot, Mr. Hyssey, Mr. Wirklum and infant, Colonel Tulloch, Mrs. and Miss Stennett, Mrs. S.S. Day, Mr. and Miss Schrieber, Miss Gouldie, Misses Heptinstall, Miss Burrowes, servant nad [sic] infant, Master Fonguier, Miss Murphy, Capt. Retallick and lady, Mr. Blackburn, Mr. Green, Major Hawes, Captain Lansada, Mr. Hard, Mr. Utterson, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Carmichael, Mr. Grey, Miss Stephenson, Mrs. White, Mr. R. Cooper, Mr. Gadrat, Mr. Snell, Mr. Bostock, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Kirns, Mr. James Creech, Mr. Eagle, Mr. Sandison, Mr. Gibson, Mr. Parker, Mr. N.F. Griffiths, Mr. James Howitson, Mr. R. Cooper, and 64 in the steerage.
The Montreal Ocean Steam-ship company's screw steamer "Canadian," Captain William Ballantine, sailed from the Mersey on Wednesday afternoon for Quebec and Montreal, with the fortnightly mails for the Canadian provinces, 77 cabin and 80 steerage passengers, and a full cargo.
November 12, 1856
The Montreal Ocean Steam-shipping Company's screw-steamer "Anglo Saxon," Captain M'Master, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday last from Quebec and Montreal, binging the usual mails, 52 cabin and 72 steerage passengers, besides a general cargo of Canadian produce.
The following is a list of her passengers:
Miss Ferrier, Misses M'Cullock, Captain Noble and lady, colonel Andrews, Mr. A. Simpson, Mr. Knox and lady, Major Campbell, Mr. R. Hordern, Mr. Kirkpatrick, Mr. W. Boys, Mr. John Brandreth, Mr. Z. Bailey, Mr. H. Hammersley, Mr. Charles Richards, Dr. Aiton, Dr. Ainsley, Dr. Ballantyne, Mr. W. Findlay, Mr. Tolly, Mr. D. Macfarlane, Mr. John Morris, Mr. Irving, Colonel Buchanan, Mr. William Black, Count de Rottermund, Mrs. M'Dougall, Mr. R.J. Ainsley and lady, Mrs. Munroe, Mrs. Ayres and three children, Miss Ayres, Mr. Cross, Mr. L. Almaras, Mr. James Tait, Mr. A. Handcock, Mr. Jas. Wodsworth, Mr. Thomas Hind, Mrs. Finlay, Mr. Massey, lady, and three children, Mr. Anderson and lady, Mr. Lewis.
The Montreal Ocean Steam-shipping Company's screw-steamer "North American" arrived at Quebec on Wednesday the 22nd ult., about 3 o'clock in the afternoon, being fourteen days and a few hours on the passage. She had a very stormy passage, and encountered head winds nearly all the way. The "North American" met the "Canadian" off Belfast some hours after leaving Liverpool. She also met the "Indian" on Thursday the 16th ultimo, at 6 a.m., in latitude 54, longitude 43. She has a full cargo-about 200 tons for Quebec and the balance for Montreal-and was full of passengers-107 cabin and 198 steerage.
The following is a list of her passengers-
Mrs. Carruthers, Miss Murney, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Cresswell, Mrs. Ashton and child, Mr. C. Holland, lady, nurse and 3 chidlren, Col. Foiling and son, G.T. Beardmore, Robt. Read, Mr. Pretty, Mrs. Grindy, nurse and 4 children, Mrs. Boswell and daughter, Capt. Bertack and lady, Mrs. Phillips and son, Miss Turner, Miss Morgan, Major Wells, Miss Read, Miss Beardmore, Miss Dainlog and four friends, Miss Finlen, M. D. Nicholson, Mr. Mackay and friends, Rev. A. Stone, Mr. H. Cameron, Mr. Jarvis, Mr. Holyoake, D. Stoddart, Rev. J.C. Pore, Mrs. Warner and servant, Mr and Mrs. Faulkner and four children, Rev. H. Holland and lady, Mr. P.H. Clark, Mr. Dansferd, Mr. Chas. Thorne, Mr. Edward Jackson, Mr. Radenhurst, Mr. Thos. Kemp, Mr. Jas. Pattoin and son, Mr. James Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. Simpson, Mr. W. Dobson, Mr. Hall, Mr. Broadbent, Mr. W. Jackall, Mr. Smith, Mr. J.M. Young, Mr. Riley, Mrs. Browne, Miss A. Spencer, Mrs. Brown, 2 children and friend, Miss Browne, Mr. Weston, Mr. Russell, Mr. Brown, Mr. H. Ford, Mr. G.W. Jesboeure, Mr. Gamble, Mr. Ryan, Mr. Sloane, Mr. Greene, Mr. Benning, Mr. Ainsworth, Mr. Harden, friend and servant, Chas. Read, Capt. Taylor, lady and servant, Mr. C. Smednury, Mr. Ridout, Mr. Radley, Miss Radley, and 198 steerage passengers.
The ship "Alma" arrived here on the 24th ultimo, having on board between 300 and 400 emigrants disbanded from the German Legion. They proceed to Upper Canada, where they intend settling.
November 26, 1856
The Pilot says:-"The proprietors of the Cunard line are about to enter on a race of competition with the St. Lawrence and Ocean Steamers;" and further, "we have it from a commander of one of the Cunard steamers,-our Canadian boats are to be run down, if possible, by a powerful company."
Arrivals of French Refugees and Crimean Soldiers
The daily arrivals of immigrants at Castle Garden depot average, now, from 1200 to 1400, nearly two thirds of whom are Irish, and the other third principally Germans. They appear to be of a better class, both as to means and intelligence, than those that have arrived in former years. There have been three arrivals from Liverpool-the "John Bright," with 555 passengers; the "Isaac Wright," with 334; and the "West Point," with 513. The "Elizabeth Hamilton," from Havre, has recently landed 247 passengers; the "Liverpool," from London, 290; the "Plutarch," from Liverpool, landed 401, and there were some similar arrivals by other vessels. As rapidly as possible the immigrants are forwarded to their several places of destination, and the number remaining at the depot over night rarely exceeds five or six hundred. Among the arrivals were several French political refugees, among them Dr. G. Phillipe, Victor Vimont, and Pierre Augusute Jourdan. There were also thirty-six soldiers of the British Foreign Legion, who served in the Crimea. They came in uniform, and landed with their knapsacks on their backs. At Castle Garden they were received by Mr. Webb, of the British Consulate, who accompanied them by way of Troy and Montreal, to the bounty lands in Canada, granted to them by the British Government.-New York Tribune.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Navigation Company's steamer "North American," Captain Grange, arrived at Liverpool at six o"clock on Friday evening. She sailed from Quebec on the 8th instant, and has brought 35 cabin and 65 steerage passengers.
The following is a list of the cabin passengers:--
Mr. C.E. Anderson and lady, Mrs. Bouchelle, Mr. J. Harvey, lady, and daughter, Mr. G. Rolph and two daughters, Mr. Robert Cotton and son, Rev. W. Clark, Mrs. Horswick, Mrs. Tuttle and child, Mrs. Kinghorn, Mrs. Finlay, Messrs. Green, chevallier, Renshaw, Warren, H.C. Vibart, C.H.G. Gould, J.G. Gould, Lyle, Henderson, John Horswick, Bristow, R.J. Hutton, Anderson, G. Small, Armstrong, Tuttle, James Burns, Mr. Green.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's mail steamer "Canadian," Capt. Ballantine, from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal, in going up the St. Lawrence, went ashore on White Island Reef, 6 miles below the Brandy Pots, and about 113 miles from Quebec, on Sunday morning the 2nd instant, between three and four o'clock. The tug steamer "Advance" and some schooners being fortunately at hand, their aid was soon procured, and efforts were made to get the ship off, but in vain. It was therefore, deemed advisable to transfer the mails and passengers to the "Advance," in which they were brought to Quebec, and arrived on the following morning. The schooners remained by the "Canadian," and were employed in lightening her cargo. Further assistance was sent from Quebec,-the new provincial tug steamer "Queen Victoria," a barge, and a gang of about forty men, being despatched to her relief. After some difficulty, the vessel, it will be seen, was got off without damage. The weather fortunately continued most favourable.
The "Canadian," in addition to the mails, and 59 cabin and 62 steerage passengers, carried out a large and valuable cargo.
The following is a list of the cabin passengers:--
Mr. S. Nichols, Capt. R.B. Baker, Capt. Taylor, Mr. T.H. Tate, Mrs. Bindloss, nurse and two children, Mr. J. Jones Gibb, Mrs. Jones Gibb, Rev. Mr. Scott, Mr. R. Heddle, Mrs. Heddle, nurse and child, Mr. J. Watson, Miss Stack, Mrs. Walters, Mrs. Notman and child, Mrs. Gilford, Miss Green, Mr. Foran, Mrs. Foran, Mr. Malloch, Mr. Thos. Jolly, Mr. A.E. Smith, Mr. Halbham, Rev. Mr. Masson, Mr. Masson, Mr. Addison, Lieut. McKay, Mr. Cottenham, Mr. Fuller, Mrs. Fuller, Mr. Rodden, Mrs. J. Berry, two children, Mrs. Chranch and niece, Rev. Mr. Mulligan, Mr. Smith, Dr. J.E. Rankin, late Osmanli Cavalry of the Turkish Contingent, Mr. Banghen, Mr. J. Williamson, Mr. Jas. Peters, Mr. Lowndes, Mr. Swift, Mr. Saml. Ashton, Mr. Phillip Ashton, Mr. Benjamin Ashton, M.D.J. Haynes, Mr. Greepwick, Mr. P. Hughes, Mr. J. Jones, Mr. R. Young, Mr. J. Dawson, Mr. Curtis, schoolmaster, Mrs. Curtis and two children.
The fares on the Grand Trunk Railway from Toronto to Montreal, a distance of 331 miles, are, first class 10 dollars, second class 8 dollars, being per mile 1½d. & 1¼d. Sterling. The train leaves Toronto every morning at 7 o'clock and arrives at Montreal at 9 P.M. Montreal time is observed, which is 23 minutes faster than Toronto time.
December 10, 1856
The Montreal Ocean Steamship company's screw steamship "Canadian" arrived in the Mersey on Sunday night, soon after eight o'clock, with advices from Quebec to the 22nd Nov. She brought 105 passengers and a valuable general cargo, but no specie.
The following is a list of passengers:--
W. Robertson, Mr. Michon, M. Stevenson, Mrs. Collingwood, Hon. Mr. Pemberton, Mr. Forsyth, M. Luth, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Calbell, Mr. Thomas, H. Benjamin, H. Lemesurier, S. Sterling, J. Schelento, Mr. Benjamin, lady and two children, Rev. A. Tache, Rev. J. Sarier, R.S. Earner, Miss Lesurier, Mrs. Fry, Miss Benjamin, Miss Fisher, Mr. Gillespie, Mrs. Gillespie, five children and nurse, W.E. Russell, A.M. Barber, Mr. Sinclair, Mr. Palmer, Capt. Reiner, W. Noris, W. Norton, Mr. Banks, Mr. Ellis, W.G. Galway, Charlton, Mr. Scott, Dr. Rugger, Mr. Fry, Mr. Harris, E.H. Haslan, Mr. connolly, Mr. Shee, Mrs. Rowand, Lanhardt, Mrs. Slade, Mr. Slade, Caly, Clark, R. Jennings, Taylor, De Carges, Capt. Peel, Moonson, Edwin Stewart and three children, Burry, Dugon, J. Dugon, J. Beurnell, D. Brunell, T. Holmes, H. Anderson, W.W. Barket, G. Hamilton, Totally Buckle, Mr. Tobester, Adamson, Memonon, R. Memnon, Stuart, Phillips, Pety, Cools Pooler, Gale, Jarvis, Naughton, Russell Half?s, Jones, Arnott, Doneght, Clarke, Welsh-103 in all.
From the 1st to the 20th November last, 50 ships left Liverpool with passengers for colonial and foreign parts, carrying with them 8,794 passengers. Of these, 30 ships were despatched under the Passengers' Emigration Act, with 7,839 passengers; and 20 of what are called short ships, or vessels not sailing under the act, with 855 passengers. Of the former, 21 ships, with 5,268 passengers, were despatched to the United States; seven sailed for Victoria, with 1,798 passengers; one with 543 passengers sailed for Tasmania; and one for New Zealand, with 230. Of the 20 short ships, 13 with 784 passengers were for the United States; one with 11 passengers was for New Brunswick; one for Newfoundland took three passengers; one for New South Wales had 23 passengers; one for Victoria took 13, and three to other ports took 21 passengers. The whole passenger emigration traffic from Liverpool for November shows an increase of 2,769 over that of the same month of last year. Canadian Mails-The Montreal Ocean Steamship Company's screw steamer "Anglo-Saxon" will sail from Liverpool on Thursday afternoon for Quebec and Montreal, with the Canadian Mails
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