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(Published every alternate Wednesday)
June 10, 1857
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer North American left the Mersey at nine o'clock on Wednesday morning, for Quebec and Montreal, with the Canadian mails, a full cargo, 126 and 327 steerage passengers, being the fullest ship ever despatched by this company.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steam ship Khersonese, Captain Powell, sailed on Monday afternoon for St. John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, and Portland. She had on board, in addition to a large cargo of merchandise, 435 passengers.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived in the Mersey at twelve o'clock on Thursday night, bringing dates from Quebec and Montreal to the 23rd May. She brings the mails, ninety-one cabin and eighty steerage passengers, and a large general cargo. The following is a list of the passengers:-
Mr. J[ames].F. Smith, Mr. Smith, jun., Miss Smith, Miss G. Smith, Colonel Mrs. and Miss D'Urban, Mr. R. Muir and lady, Mr. J. Henderson, Mr. Whydden, Mr. H.C. and Miss Marburn, Sir C. Stewart, Mr. Keith and lady, Mr. J.J.C. Atkin, Dr. Pringle, Mr. Reid and lady, Mr. Howell and lady, Mr. J.Y. Bogart, Captain Blunkanore, Mrs. and Miss Shuter, Lieutenant Holder, Mr. M'Bride, Mr. Oppenham, Mr. Baker and lady, Captain Hale, Mr. Butter, Mrs. and Miss Hart, Mr. J.G. Lawders, Mr. J. M'Call, Mr. Bescohy and lady, Mr. Shapheard, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Shaddon, Mr. and Mrs. M'Farlane and servant, Mr. Wishart, Mrs. Dennistown and two children, Miss Gilderslava, Mrs. Draper, Mrs. Ponton, Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Legge, Mr. May, Mr. Joel, Mr. Stark, Mrs. Chadwick, Rev. Mr. Facila, Mr. Arbuckle, Mr. Griffith, Mr. Shaw, Mr. J.J. Robson and lady, Miss Stewart, Rev. Mr. Ardagh, Mrs. M'Gregor, Mrs. Robertson and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Lockitt and son, Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham, Mr. and Mrs. Hartford, Miss Stewart, Mr. Hutchison, Mr. and Mrs. Gould, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Lindsay, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Forbye, Mr. J. Abbott, Mr. Greigsham, Mrs. Liberman and two children, Mrs. Doran.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon arrived at Quebec on the 17th May, after a splendid run of 11 days from Liverpool. She took out 338 passengers and a large and valuable cargo. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Gillespie, two nurses and five children, Mr. B. Allan and Master Allan, Mr. and Mrs. A. Allan, nurse and child, Miss Le Mesurier, Mr. and Miss Paterson, Miss Graham and two sisters, Mr. J.M. Campbell and three children, Mr. Jarvis, Lieut.-Col. Seagram, lady and two sons, Capt. Wilkinson and lady, Capt. Sewell and lady, Capt. Scrocold and lady, Major M'Dougall, Major Hudson, Lieut. Cosselin, Mr. Dubord, Mrs. May nurse and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Fitton, Mr. Ford, Mr. Wilkie, Mr. and Miss Ryan, Mr. Sargent, Mr. L. Cormack, Mr. M. Cormack, Mrs. Cormack, Misses Cormack, Mr. Cotton and son, Messrs. C. Dunlop, B. Ransom, Frawk [sic], J.A. M'Dermott, J.J. Russell, Sagger, Hanneford, J. Allison, Mrs. Allison and five children, Mrs. Fergusson, children and friend, Messrs. B.A. Oakes, Hill, R. Milton, Hay, Cayley, Perryn, Hall and brother, Keating, M'Intosh, and Robinson, Miss Harrison, Mrs. Woods, Mr. Woods and brother, Mrs. and Miss Vincent, Mr. A. Vincent, Mrs. Esson, Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mrs. Brooks, Mr. Plaskett, Mr. Robertson, Mr. and Mrs. Bennose and seven children, Mr. Watt, Mr. Woods, Mr. G. Glasspoole, Mr. Donnolly, Mrs. Munro and two children, Mr. Windle, Messrs. Alexander, Ball, Bolton, and Mean-124 cabin and 214 steerage; total, 338.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steamer Circassian arrived at Portland on the 21st ultimo.
We are glad to learn that the Wellington Emigration Fund Committee are exercising the utmost vigilance, in conjunction with the Woolwich Committee, to ship off a number of the unemployed workmen from that locality to Canada with all speed. On Thursday next, the ship Midlothian will call at the Arsenal Jetty to take on board sixty adults. These will consist of the most extremely destitute cases, and sad, indeed, was their condition when mustered for inspection. The gentlemen forming the Woolwich Committee, however, have behaved most liberally towards the unfortunate people, all of whom appeared very thankful for the generosity exhibited towards them. Each emigrant will be supplied with a railway ticket franking them from Quebec (the port of debarcation) to Toronto. Next week, from 150 to 200 adults will be shipped in the Henry Cook, from Liverpool, and they will be speedily followed by about a similar number in the Ion, from London. By this means the severe distress at present existing in the neighbourhood of Woolwich will be partly alleviated.
It will be remembered that, a short time ago, the condition of the discharged artisans at Woolwich was ineffectually brought under the notice of the authorities at the War-office. Since then, however, we are happy to be enabled to state on good authority, the urgency of the case and the earnest appeals of the Woolwich Committee have been most successful, and that they have received substantial assistance to the amount of £3,000., which will greatly increase the sphere and utility of their exertions.
Up to the present time arrangements have been made for the shipment of 250 families. In addition to these, the funds will enable the committee to send out about 100 families, who will be forwarded when the necessary arrangements are made for their shipment. The secretary of the Woolwich Committee has received an official communication, from which it appears that a sum of £3,000. will be subscribed to the fund by the Government. This sum, with £2,000. subscribed by the committee of the Wellington Emigration Fund, and £1,200. by the inhabitants of Woolwich, will enable the committee to operate upon a large scale, and, consequently, reduce the cost of conveying the emigrants to Canada. Major-General Sir W.F. Williams and Sir William Codrington have zealously exerted themselves to obtain the aid now offered by Government. (see Henry Cook arrival notice)
The St. Lawrence Route To The West
The inhabitants of Chicago and Buffalo are taking measures to adopt the canal scheme brought before them by Mr. Woods, of Chatham, C.W. The subject is one that commands the attention of those persons best able to judge of its merits, as saving distance, reducing cost, and diminishing risk in water transportation. To us, the opening or improving of the channels of communication between the East and West is always satisfactory. The object proposed by Mr. Woods is the cutting of a canal from near the mouth of the St. Clair River to the Rondeau on Lake Erie, a distance of about 28 to 37 miles, which would give the pass-by to the dangerous shallows of Lake St. Clair and diminish the present vessel route by about 130 miles. There would require to be but two locks, and the country is well suited for canalling [sic]. Steps are being also taken to connect Lakes Michigan and Erie by a ship canal across the base of the Michigan peninsula, thereby saving 450 to 500 miles. If straws show the way the wind blows, these projects show the tendency of trade, the wants of the country, and the energy of the people. As surely as water runs down hill, so surely will the trade between the East and the North-West pass by the St. Lawrence and its tributaries. Our delay in opening them is our loss alone, and is giving life to such artificial channels as the Erie Canal. While the canals referred to will satisfy the wants of the southern portion of the grain-growing West, we should bear in mind that there is now being opened the Superior and Huron country, that will be feeders for the Ottawa Canal. Let us not fail to avail ourselves of this other tributary to the main artery of the country, the St. Lawrence, which nature in her bounty has granted as a source of health, wealth, and happiness to her children. The subject calls to mind the peculiarity of our position as to the trade of 1857. Steam ships and sailing vessels will in the ensuing summer crowd into our ports. Steam elevators will be ready to tranship produce; but where is the produce? What means have we provided to bring it here? Our forwarders may not be equal to the task. Mr. Holton's Inland Navigation Bill will not serve us in our present need, and we fear that by our tardiness we may cause discouragement to ship-masters who visit our port in 1857, and thus deter them from returning. If our own people cannot or will not act, we trust that some of the American forwarders may send their boats here to complete our western communications. Anything rather than a languid listlessness. Every one sees our advantages but ourselves.-Montreal Gazette.
The Caledonia-A piece of plate has been presented to Captain Flinn, of this vessel, by the cabin passengers on her voyage from Liverpool to Montreal.
The following is a list of the vessels which have arrived at this port [Quebec]:-May 9, the Lebanon, steam ship, with troops, from Woolwich; May 11, the Rainbow, from Lisbon, and the John Bull; May 12, the Copernicus, from Hamburg, with 322 passengers; May 13, the Jane Boyd, from Aberdeen, with passengers, the Acme, from the Clyde, and the Emigrant, from Montrose, with passengers; May 15, the Pride of Canada, from Liverpool; May 17, the Anglo-Saxon, Royal mail steamer, from Liverpool; May 21, the Calista Haws, from Liverpool; May 22, the Aurora, from Aberdeen, with 199 passengers; and the Louisa, from Cardiff.
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec, from the opening of the navigation to this and corresponding date 1856:-
On the 12th May, on board the John Bull, from London, Mr. William Freeman.
The Great Eastern Steam Ship And Grand Trunk Railway
Captain Harrison, commander of the Great Eastern, with Mr. Yates, secretary of the company, and Sir Cusack Roney, on behalf of the Canadian Grand Trunk Railway, visited Holyhead on Saturday week, with the view of judging, on the spot, as to the eligibility of the new harbour for the departure of this leviathan ship on her first voyage across the Atlantic. Captain harrison was aided in his minute examination of the harbour and its approaches (for which latter purpose he proceeded some distance to sea in the small steam yacht Marie) by Captain Skinner, R.N., the Admiralty agent at Holyhead; by Captain Hirste, the naval superintendent of the Chester and Holyhead Railway; and by Messrs. Rigby, the contractors for the harbour and other stupendous works now in progress at Holyhead. It is understood that Captain Harrison expressed unqualified satisfaction at the facilities which Holyhead affords for the reception of the Great Eastern on her first voyage to Portland, in connection with the through booking system of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, provided some suggestions he offered relative to the new packet pier now constructing for the steamers, which, under the improved Irish postal and passenger communication, are to run between Holyhead and Kingstown, can be adopted. The officers above mentioned and Messrs. Rigby are of opinion that the suggestions of Captain Harrison, whilst they can be readily adopted, and with scarcely any increase of cost beyond what it is now intended to incur, will add greatly to the facilities and convenience of the pier as a packet pier, and will render it equally serviceable for line-of-battle ships of the draught and tonnage of the Duke of Wellington to lay alongside with perfect safety and comfort at dead low water during the equinoctial and spring tides.
A Man Missing, Sudden Disappearance
A young man named George Wells arrived in this city [Hamilton] from England on the 1st of May, and took lodgings at the grocery store and boarding house of Mr. Bellamy, in Bay-street, and remained there until Thursday last, when he suddenly disappeared. Wells is about twenty-five years of age, and has been engaged for some years as a dry goods clerk in Leicester, England. He sought a similar situation here, and being unsuccessful tried Toronto with no better success. After returning from the latter place, our informant, a fellow boarder, noticed that Wells was labouring under great depression of spirits, and endeavoured to cheer him, but without effecting any apparent change for the better. On the 7th May he left the boarding house, where he has left a trunk, portmanteau, and overcoat, and has not since been heard of.-Hamilton Journal, May 17.
New Ships [New Brunswick]
A superior new ship, called the William Carvill, measuring 1,015 tons register and 1,091 tons O.M., was recently launched from the building yard of Mr. Thomas M'Williams, at the Straight shore. She has been built to class seven years, under the inspection of Lloyd's surveyors. George Carvill, Esq., is the owner. Another very fine looking ship, called the Rising Sun, was recently launched from the building yard of Messrs. Gass, Stewart, and Co., at Courtenay Bay. She has been built to class seven years, and measures 817 tons O.M. and 821 tons register. Another superior ship, called the Royal Saxon, was recently launched from the building yard of Messrs. Nevins and Irving, at the Marsh Bridge. She has been built under the inspection of Lloyd's surveyors to class seven years, and is 1,117 tons O.M. and 1,108 tons register. Two very excellent brigs were recently launched from the building yard of Mr. Thomas Hilyard, at Portland, where they were built for a firm in Ireland, through their agents here, Messrs. Stephen Wiggins and Son. They measure 287 and 289 tons O.M. and 211 and 209 tons register, respectively.-St. John's Courier.
The coasters generally complain this season of the scarcity of freights, caused doubtless by the high prices of every commodity of commerce used in the interior and at the outports. This will probably induce a much larger proportion of the vessels usually employed in the freighting business to fit out for the fisheries; products fo the sea now command remunerating rates.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steam ship Circassian arrived at Halifax on Tuesday, the 19th May, at two o'clock A.M., after a splendid passage from Liverpool and St. John's (Newfoundland), having left the former on the evening of the 6th, and making the run from the latter in sixty hours. She had a full freight and 400 passengers for Portland, Me., for which port, after landing a considerable quantity of freight for Halifax, she sailed at noon the same day.
Two experienced Newfoundland pilots left St. John's in the steamer Khersonese, to join the United States steam frigate Niagara, which is engaged in laying down the Atlantic submarine telegraph to connect England with Newfoundland and the United States.
June 24, 1857
It is stated on good authority that the Canadian Government has finally entered into an arrangement with the proprietors of the Montreal Ocean line of steam ships, by which they will run every week to and from Liverpool and Quebec or Montreal in the summer, and every fortnight to Portland in the winter season. The subsidy granted by the Canadian Legislature was 50,000l. a year, and we conclude that the company will at once take means to obtain the additional vessels necessary to carry out their contract, which we feel confident they will do in the same efficient manner that has already made their line so popular, and brought so much credit upon the enterprise of the provincial mercantile community.
Our latest advices state that the season has, on the whole, been generally backward, but the apprehensions previously entertained appear to be dissipated. The state of the crops, as reported in the western section of the province, is all that could be desired, while in Lower Canada, where the season has been late, they look better than they did at the same period last year. The backward weather experienced since the setting in of spring has no doubt interfered with the growth of plants above ground, but it has, at the same time, added greatly to the volume of their roots, as will be amply demonstrated when warm, forcing weather sets in, by the luxuriant vegetation which will then become visible throughout the country. The crops in Eastern Canada have escaped the spring frosts, a casualty to which they have heretofore been exposed, from which circumstance a favourable augury is drawn, strengthened by the opinions of those competent to judge, that the forthcoming yield will be larger than usual.
A large batch of emigrants, composed of artisans formerly employed at Woolwich and thrown out of work by the termination of the war, and their families, sailed on Friday evening from Liverpool for Quebec, in the ship Henry Cooke, which had been chartered for the purpose by Mr. J.M. Walthew, of the former port, as agent in Liverpool for the committee conducting the emigration by the aid of the fund to which the Duke of Wellington contributed 1,000l. The total number of emigrants was 276, all of whom are provided with railway tickets, which will enable them to travel to Toronto, where work will be provided for them. On the Thursday previous the Midlothian embarked 20 of the dismissed labourers from the Royal Arsenal, with their wives proceeded, in tow of a steamer, down the river the same evening. Another batch is expected to sail on the 25th inst.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's steam ship Anglo-Saxon, Captain A. M'Masters, arrived in the Mersey on Thursday morning. She left Quebec on the 6th inst. She brought 195 passengers, and has had to encounter easterly winds during the whole of the passage. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Mr. and Mrs. Carruthus, Mrs. Carruthus, Miss Matthews, Mr. Matthews, Mrs. Grome, Mr. Murney and lady, Mr. Murney and Misses Murney (2), Miss Pollard, Mr. and Mrs. A. Walker, nurse and three children, Miss M'Alister, Mr. Mann, Mr. G. Hill, Mrs. Galt, Mr. Carlyle, Mr. Shawcross, mr. Ferguson, lady and two servants, Mr. M'Dougall, Dr. Morrin, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Tyre, Mr. Hodgson, Mr. Scott, Miss Freer, Mrs. F. Pafford, Mr. Gilmour, lady, nurse and two children, Mr. C. Daley, Mr. K. Daley, Mr. Dicksen, Mr. Henderson and lady, Miss Wilson, Mr. James M'Pherson, Mrs. Elmsley, Miss Elmsley, Mr. Crawford and lady, Mr. Claxton, Mr. Hobbs, Mr. Swinbourne, Mr. George Ferrie, Mr. Stikeman, lady and two children, Mr. Burnham, Mr. Forsyth, Masters Forsyth (2), Misses Forsyth (2) and servant, Rev. J. Montain, Mr. A. Foulds, Mr. A. Molson, Mr. Coldham and lady, Miss M'Dougal, Mrs. Dunn, Mr. John Molson and lady, Mr. Nield, Mr. and Mrs. Crawford and two children, Mr. J.P. Clarke, Mr. Brough, Mr. Walter Millar and lady, Mr. Greenshields, Major Wolfe, Mr. J.N. Wilson, Mrs. and Miss Parnell, Miss Clerk, Miss Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Harcourt, Mrs. Collins, Mr. James Croil, Mr. John Croil, Dr. Badgley, Mr. John Dods, Rev. Mr. M'Muney, Mr. George Shanks, Mr. John Smith, Mr. Howie, Mr. J. Walker, Mr. John Patterson, Mr. John Cade, Mr. F. Owens, Mr. JohnStevens, Mr. J.E. Adshead. 111 in cabin, 84 steerage-195.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steam ship Circassian, Capt. E. Powell, arrived in the Mersey on the 12th inst. from Portland, with 34 cabin and 21 steerage passengers, a full cargo of merchandise, and 700l. in specie.
The Circassian left Portland at 4 P.M. on the 30th ult., Halifax on the 1st inst., and St. John's, Newfoundland, on the 4th inst. She made the run from St. John's to the Mersey in eight days and three hours, mean time. The following is a list of the passengers:-
Wm. H. Packard, of Brunswick; Mrs. Witherbee, John Budden, Charlotte Budden, Rachel and Ruth Glover, and Martha Harroll, of Portland; Misses Medley and Burnett, of Fredericton, N.B.; J.W. M'Gallum and wife, Quebec; Jacob Almonosnino, Abraham Israel, Thomas Sing and wife, Boston; Jona Davidson, Gloucester; and 32 for St. John's N.F.
Messrs. Wier, Cochrane, and Co., of Liverpool, the originators of the North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, are making arrangements for establishing a weekly line from Liverpool to Portland, via Newfoundland. We believe the Legislature of this colony is willing to grant a liberal subsidy. There is also a probability that an eminent London shipowner will place his fine fleet of screw steamers on a new line between London or Liverpool and Quebec in the summer, and Portland in the winter.
The following is a list of the passengers per steam ship Caledonia, which left Quebec on the 30th ult. for Liverpool:-
Mr. U.J. Tessier and lady, Mrs. T.H. Oliver and child, and Mrs. J.E. Oliver and three children, of Quebec; Mr. and Mrs. Muir, of Montreal; Mr. Payne, of Liverpool; Major Coppinger, lady and one child, Capt. Chichester, lady and four children, Dr. Swan, lady and two children, Captains Platt, Grant, and De Winton, Lieuts. Kelsall, Rendall, and Lockwood, Ensign Len, 25 serjeants, 5 drummers, 310 rank and file, 46 soldiers' wives, and 58 children of the 16th Regiment, and thirteen of the Land Transport Corps.
Presentation:-Lieut.-Colonel Munro, C.B., presented Serjeant-Major Joseph Jobberns, of the gallant 39th Regiment, with her Majesty's medal for "distinguished conduct in the field,"-an honour which carries with it the substantial accompaniment of an annuity for life of 15l. sterling. We may mention that a short time ago Serjeant Jobberns received the Legion of Honour from the Emperor of the French.-Herald.
Passenger Trade to Quebec From Liverpool
We are glad to see such a fine class of vessels now on the berth taking passengers for this greatly increasing trade. The time was when a ship, suited only to carry timber and cotton, and expected to make her two voyages in the twelve months, carried most of the emigrants to the North American colonies; whereas now the finest colonial and American ships are regularly employed. A ship built expressly for speed, the Elizabeth Anne Bright, 1,812 tons builders' measurement, and only launched last year, is to be despatched on the 6th July. This vessel made the passage in the unprecedented short time of fifteen days from Saint John, N.B., to Liverpool, and ran 1,440 miles in four days.-Northern Daily Times.
We take the following observations from the Canadian Railway and Steam Boat Guide for June, 1857:-
It affords us much pleasure to notice the despatch with which the emigrants, arriving in Quebec since the opening of navigation, have been forwarded to their several places of destination. During the past week nearly fifteen hundred emigrants, with their families, have been carried over the Grand Trunk Railway, and the expedition with which they were sent forward, after arriving in the St. Lawrence, is worthy of mention. They were discharged from the ship during the day, and the same evening they were en route to the West by the special trains which had been provided for their accommodation at South Quebec. The company has converted the commodious freight shed at that station into an emigrant waiting-room, with lavatories and other necessaries for their comfort, and at the Victoria Hotel, adjoining this shed, arrangements have been made by the proprietor, Mr. Norman, to supply emigrants with as much bread and beef as they can eat for sixpence sterling; whist at stores in the immediate neighbourhood they can obtain the necessary supplies of provisions for their journey at the lowest rates. Altogether, the accommodation prepared for the emigrant on his arrival at South Quebec is of the most satisfactory nature; and the ban which has been properly put upon the sale of through tickets throughout Germany, owing to the shameful impositions to which emigrants were exposed on their arrival in the Atlantic cities of the Union, may at once be removed so far as the Grand Trunk tickets are concerned, as the holders of these tickets may rely on meeting with every civility on their landing, and every attention and information being rendered them. Their baggage being conveyed free from the ship to the terminus, none of the old frauds of exacting sums for "extra baggage," &c., are to be feared.
Up to the present time 9,100 emigrants have been safely landed in Quebec port, being an increase of 6,400 over the corresponding period of last year. Accounts have reached this country, by the last mail, stating that upwards of 6,000 Norwegians and about as many Germans are now on their way, having sailed the latter end of April from the different European ports.
The Montreal Ocean Company's mail steamer Canadian passed Riviere du Loup on Sunday evening, May 31, at ten minutes past eight o'clock. We are sorry to learn, at one o'clock A.M. on the following morning, she got ashore on the L'Avignon, near the Pillars. The tide was up at the time, the vessel was running at good speed, the night was clear, and a regular pilot was on board. Finding there was no immediate chance of getting her off the shelvy shore, and that the vessel had fallen over on to her side when the tide ebbed, the assistance of a vessel called the Eden, passing at the time, was besought, and she promptly stood by. To her and the steamer Providence, which put off to the rescue from L'Islet, the passengers and mails by the Canadian were transferred. The Providence arrived at Quebec with the mails and cabin passengers about four o'clock the same afternoon. The Morning Chronicle says:-
As soon as intelligence of the disaster reached Quebec, the tug steamer Queen Victoria, with the company's lighter, were despatched to the scene. The latest accounts of the position of the Canadian on the rocks were not very favourable; she is reported to be leaking badly, and to have received serious damage. We hope, as of course every one interested in the navigation of the St. Lawrence does, that she may be got off with as little injury as she sustained last November, when ashore at White Island Reef owing to the negligence of the pilot.
The Mercury of June 3 further reports:-
The provincial tug steamer Queen Victoria returned from the steam ship Canadian at eight o'clock last evening, having a lighter in tow, laden with the passengers' luggage, about 100 tons of the cargo, chiefly that for Quebec, and some of the cabin furniture, which were removed from the ship during the fine weather on Tuesday and yesterday forenoon. Capt. M'Master, of the Anglo-Saxon, who has been to the scene of the accident, informs us that during Monday night the wind blew a gale and caused a considerable swell, which forced the suspension of operations. The Canadian stood the gale well and was not much strained. Yesterday she lay in the same position and was surveyed. Every effort is now being made for securing the remainder of the cargo, and so soon as it is discharged, if the weather continue moderate, it is yet expected that the Canadian will be got off. Carpenters are building a platform round her, and the cargo is being received by the attendant steamer Topsey, two schooners, and a bateau, which are lying by the steam ship.
His Worship the Mayor and Mr. Tessier, nominated delegates to England on the seat of government question, embarked in the Caledonia, having been unable to secure berths in the steamer Anglo-Saxon, which was to sail on the 10th June, and had already her passenger list filled.
On Saturday, May 30, nine officers, twenty-five serjeants, nine drummers, and 310 rank and file of the 16th Regiment, under the command of Major Coppinger, embarked on board the steam ship Caledonia, for Dublin. They were played to the Queen's Wharf by their own band and that of the 17th Regiment. The Caledonia also took out several cabin passengers, and thirteen men of the Land Transport Corps. About twelve officers and 295 men of the 16th Regiment remain in garrison, who would leave in the steam ship Canadian on the 20th instant. The regiment has given 36 volunteers to the 17th Regiment and 49 to the Royal Canadian Rifles.
An address, signed by the magistrates on behalf of the citizens, was presented to Colonel Cockell and the officers, acknowledging the courtesy with which their intercourse with the civil authorities and inhabitants had been marked, and the uniform good conduct and deportment of the men.
A very magnificent farewell ball was given to the officers, and numerously attended by the elite of the city.
The following is the official monthly statement issued by Mr. A.B. Hawke, the Chief Emigration Agent for Upper Canada, showing the arrival and destination of emigrants in the province from the 1st to the 31st day of May, 1857, inclusive:-
The total number of emigrants settled in Upper Canada from the 1st of January, 1857, was 1,156, which, with the great increase that has taken place during the past month, makes a total of 5,683 since the commencement of the present year.
Accident To An Emigrant
As the six P.M. lightning express train was approaching within one mile of this city, it came in contact with and run over a man, who at the time was walking on the track. It seems that the man, whose name is Pascoe, had been out shooting during the day, and was returning to town. Where the accident happened there is a curve in the line, and this might have caused the man's not hearing the approaching train. We regret to state that he had been only one week in this city. He is from Leeds, England. We are further informed that it was his intention to go to Chicago by the 10.10 P.M. train.-Hamilton Banner, June 2.
During the month of May 11,941 emigrants arrived in Toronto and Hamilton, of whom 1,156 settled in Canada. This shows the extent to which the Grand Trunk Railway is destined to be used as a means of conveying emigrants whose destination is the Western States. The whole number of emigrants who settled in the province from January to the 31st May was 5,683.
Ship-building is now being carried on in ports on the Georgian Bay, where oak timber is easily accessible.
On the 27th May the freight steamer Inkermann, plying between this city and Kingston, in this harbour, was reduced to a wreck in a moment by the explosion of the boiler. There were 23 persons on board, only one of whom was a passenger. Most of them were either dreadfully injured or killed on the spot; and, of the wounded, several have since died in hospital. The captain escaped, but not without considerable injury. The evidence on the inquest, which is not yet concluded, shows that the boiler leaked; that the leak had been filled with oatmeal; that pitch, tar, and rosin had sometimes been used to produce steam. It is the first explosion, I believe, that ever took place in this harbour.
The Salem Register says that Lord Napier, by order of the British Government, has transmitted some very valuable testimonials for presentation to Capt. Webster, and the officers and crew of the barque Hamilton, of Salem, for rescuing the surviving officers and crew of the British barque Thetis, in January last. To Capt. Webster, the British Government sends a superb gold medal and gold chronometer watch; to the other officers 5l. each, and to the crew 2l. each. Capt. Webster is now on a voyage to Europe.
Chicago to Liverpool
The Andrew Steven, of Hamilton, has left for Chicago, where she is to take in a cargo of flour, &c., and she will then sail direct to Glasgow, Scotland, and return with a cargo of merchandise. The Andrew Steven is a barque, and is sufficiently sea-worthy having been built purposely for the western trade across the Atlantic. She is 350 tons register.
The North Atlantic Steam Line
The new line of steamers between Liverpool and Portland, via Halifax and St. John's, N.F., has proved eminently successful. The boats engaged in it, the Khersonese and Circassian, are constantly crowded with passengers, and every cabin is engaged a voyage ahead, as is the case with the next trips of both of them from Liverpool. Freight, too, offers so freely that on the last trip of the Circassian she was compelled to leave some lying on the wharf at Liverpool, for want of time to take it on board; that trip occupied but fourteen days from Liverpool to Portland, including stoppages at the two way ports, St. John's having been reached in eight and a half days. Among the 400 passengers who arrived by her last Monday, was a colony of 200 persons, in families, from among the mountain recesses of Montgomeryshire, in Central Wales, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Roberts, their pastor. They are bound for one of the beautiful valleys of Eastern Tennessee, east of Knoxville, near the head waters of Cumberland River, where they have provided themselves with houses, and purchased large tracts of land of unequalled [sic] richness at the low price of fifty cents an acre. There was a very pleasing festive scene among the cabin passengers, including the ladies, on the evening of the arrival of the Circassian, as she lay in the channel, when a complimentary supper was given to her commander, Capt. Powell, at which, among others, a speech was made by the Rev. Mr. Roberts in reference to the objects and wishes of the enterprising Cambrians of whom he was the representative and head. Attracted to the spot where they were going by the fertility and cheapness of the soil, the mildness of the climate, and its charming mountain scenery, they hope to find, even in that slave state, a home for free labour and free men.-Courier, May 30.
The State Of The Country
-agriculturally, we mean,-is highly favourable. The weather, which kept cold and disagreeable during the first half of the present month, is beginning to be felt more genial, and one or two showers that have fallen have made the grass begin to look green and promising. Sowing and planting have been going on vigorously around town for the last few weeks, and in general the ground has been in excellent condition for these operations....-St. John's Courier. May 30.
Arrivals At Quebec
July 8, 1857
The ship Ion leaves Woolwich Arsenal jetty this day, having on board 187 emigrants (about 240 souls), bound for Quebec. On Saturday 17 single men will leave in the Hibernia, which will complete the shipment of the unemployed artisans connected with the Government works. These poor people have all been shipped under the superintendence of the shipping committee of the Wellington Emigration Fund.
The Montreal Ocean Mail steamship Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, sailed from the Mersey on Wednesday last, for Quebec, with the Canadian mails, passengers, and cargo.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer North American arrived at Quebec from Liverpooll [sic] on the 14th ult., after a favourable run of ten days and twelve hours. The following is a list of her passengers:--
Colonel Tulloch, W. Hunt and lady, Miss Boyer, Miss Lowfield, George Ralf, two children, Mr. Herring, Mrs. Herring, Mr. Drummond, Mr. Dudman, Madame Aubray and four children, Mr. Reid, Mr. Checkley, Mrs. Stewart, friend and four children, Mrs. Horn and two children, Mr. Bryan, Mrs. Bryan and two children, Mr. Harper, Dr. Rosentein, Mrs. Rosentein and two children, J.E. James, Mrs. James, Mr. Barker, Mr. Lowman, Mr. Hutton, Mr. Coulthart, Mrs. Coulthart, Mr. Rimmer, Mr. Douglas, Miss Wake, Mrs. Calvert, E.B. Reed, C. Reed, Capt. Gamble, Mrs. Gamble and five children, J. Robb, Mrs. Robb, Mr. O. Hamcox, Mr. Tompkins, Charles Tullager, Gerald Vivian, Lt. B. Harris, Mr. Corbet, Mr. John M. Augear, Mrs. Augear, Rev. J. Thompson, Mrs. Thompson and two infants, Taylor Doarille and two sons, Mrs. Doarille and two children, Lieut. Maherne, Lieut. Atteson, W.C. Evans, Mrs. Evans, C.H. Gould, Joseph Gould, Mr. M'Dowell, Mr. Snell, Mr. Ross, Mr. Henderson, Mr. Sturgeon, Mrs. Walgate, Mrs. Perryn, Mr. Payley, Mr. Leigh, Rev. Mr. Hughes, Mrs. Hughes and five children, Miss Toucks, James Allan, William Allan, Mr. Halse, H. Lefevre, Mr. Harvey, Mr. Lefevre, four French clergymen, Mr. Rothwell, Mr. Dowry, Miss Kennedy, Miss Allan, Miss King, Miss Golder, Miss Cobhane, Mrs. Pearson, Mr. Bell. 124 cabin and 301 steerage passengers.
The Montreal Ocean Steamship Company's screw steamer North American arrived at Liverpool on Friday, with a large number of passengers, among whom are Sir Edmund Head, Governor of Canada, and 418 men and women of the 16th Regiment. After landing her mails here the North American proceeded to Dublin to land her troops. The following is a list of the passengers:--
His Excellency Sir Edmund Head, Governor-General, and son, Lady Head and daughter, Hon. H.J. Boulton, Rev. Dr. Mackie and son, Mrs. Mackie and 3 daughters, Col. Cockell, Capt. Higginson, Dr. Ferguson, Major Henderson, Capt. Earle, Mrs. Kamaghan and infant, Mrs. Walker, Mrs. and Miss Burstall, Mr. and Mrs. Urquhart and 2 children and servant, Miss Urquhart and 2 sisters, Mr. and Mrs. Roe, Mrs. Morson and infant, Miss Drew, Capt. And Mrs. Bostock, Mr. E.A. Generaux, Mr. Barry, Mr. Dickson, Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Miss Cockell and Miss M. Cockell, Messrs. Garneau, Hutton, Davis, G. Ewart, Caproil H. M'Culloch, J. Johsstone, H.S. Scott, E. Poston, Erskine Scott, A. Robertson, Walker and son, Carter, Healey, Barchard, H. Valliere, Lyle, M'Intyre, G. Stephen, J. M'Kay, Russell, Gibson, Dr. Fraser, O'Neil, Scott, Hogge and Foster, Mrs. F. M'Donald, Mrs. Valliere, Mrs. and Miss Strange, 3 children and servant, Messrs. Baxter, Morrison, and Fowler, Mr. Karnaghan and 2 children, Messrs. Prevost, Thomas, Conacher, Valkenburgh, Ridout, Smith, Rev. J. Beauregard, Rev. J.M. Lemoyes, J. Walkin, Alty, Mr. Barchard's servant, Kostock, Mr. E. Drew, E. Potier, D. Hadley, and Gilmour. Total 102, and 418 men women, and children of the 16th Regiment.
Intending settlers who have terrific ideas connected with ice and snow ought to settle in the Far West of Canada; here they will not be much troubled with it. They may, perhaps, have rather more mud than in the more eastly parts, but this evil is in some degree remedied by the increased exertions which are made to provide good roads, and also by the extra amount of acreable [sic] produce, which, perhaps, enables them to pay more attention to the state of the roads; but of this more hereafter.-Mr. Hutton's Work on Canada.
The chief profit that the farmer makes is by doing his own work by himself and family, and thus not only saving outlay of cash for wages, but earning those wages for himself; thus, for instance, the man who hires another to do his work, say at 5s. per day, and remains idle himself, loses the 5s. which might have been the reward of his personal industry, and is tempted by that very idleness to spend still more; and his neighbour, perhaps, who performs his own work himself, is 10s. richer than he when night comes-ibid.
A large number of immigrants keep arriving daily, the arrivals of this year, up to the 12th June, being in excess of those of last year by over 7,000-a larger emigration than we have had since 1847. At Toronto, 3,718 have arrived; at Hamilton, 8,273. Of the English and Scotch, large numbers are respectable farmers, apparently in good circumstances, who remain in Canada West with friends previously settled there. Of these latter fully five-sixths remain in Canada, while of the Irish two-thirds go to the United States. The German emigration is also large, of which a great portion also remains in Canada. A Montreal paper lately contained some strictures on the Grand Trunk, charging them with neglecting and treating harshly the emigrants conveyed over their line. This was publicly and officially contradicted by one of the employés of that corporation, who stated that there was no foundation whatever for the statement, and that every precaution was taken by the company to insure their protection and comfort. Meals were provided at each station at a moderate charge-1s. 3d., or a shilling English, a full meal; 7½ d., or sixpence English, for bread, butter, and coffee. The stations and cars were also plentifully supplied with fresh water, and large supplies of bread were constantly on hand; preparation being always made by telegraph previous to the starting of the emigrant trains.
The North American took home with her the head-quarters and balance of the 16th Regiment from Quebec. The Vanderbilt sailed from New York on the same day. The steam ship Canadian still remains in statu quo. In attempting to get her off the rock on which she struck. I am afraid they have not improved her position; as she slipped off, she sank in deeper water. They think, how ever, that they will succeed in floating her off the high spring tide to-morrow.
Ensigns Husser and Fyson, of the 39th Regiment, quartered in Montreal, have been fined $5 each for wrenching the knockers from doors in that city.
Canadian Currency:--Many people, particularly Americans, often complain of their inability to reduce Canada currency to federal money, the currency of the United States. A slight inspection of the following table and the rule accompanying it, however, will convince any one that there are no two currencies in the commercial world so easily reduced into each other as those of Canada and the United States:-
From the above table it will be seen that 6d. and 10 cents are of equal value. Hence the rule; reduce Canada money to sixpences, and to the right hand of the number add a cypher, and the amount will be dollars and cents. Thus, in 1l. 12s. 6d. there are 65 sixpences, and by adding a cypher the sum will be 650 cents, or $6 50 cents. The above rule only applies to sums where no odd pence remain after reduction; should there be any, the number of cents must be found according tot he above table, and added tot he number of sixpences instead of the cypher. The reverse of this rule reduces federal money to Canada currency. Thus: From $3 75c. take the 5, and 37 remains, which is the number of sixpences or dimes in $3 75c.; the 5 cents taken off is 3d., making the sum, in Canada money, 18s. ? Should the Government of the United States strike off double dimes, or 20 cent pieces, they would possess a silver coinage that would exactly suit our currency.-Montreal Gazette.
A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 19th of June, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 290 vessels, 152,780 tons; 1857, 507 vessels, 257,940 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 217; increase in tonnage, 105,169 tons.
The following statement has been published by her Majesty's Collector of Customs of the arrivals and clearances, up to the 19th June, at the port of Quebec:-
We have the pleasure to announce that Captain Armstrong, 16th Foot, is permanently appointed as Aide de-Camp to Major-General Trollope, C.B., Commanding the Quebec district.-Military Gazette.
Arrivals at Quebec
Alexander Edwards, Smith, from Bristol; 14 passengers.
Laconic, Kendall, from Belfast; 186 passengers.
Argentinus, Gillespie, from Londonderry; 157 passengers. (passenger list) quite a few Scots onboard
Boreas, Connor, from New Ross; 11 passengers.
Hebe, Hansen, from Bergen; 363 passengers. [from Bergen Apr. 27]
July 22, 1857
It is anticipated that in four or five weeks the telegraphic communication between England and the United States will be in full operation. A message of ten words may be transmitted from Ireland to Newfoundland in one minute, which would give a daily interchange of about 15,000 words. New York being seventy-four degrees west, there is a difference of about five hours in the time of the two countries. A despatch forwarded from London at noon would reach New York at seven o'clock the same morning, and sent from New York at noon would arrive here at five o'clock. The advantages of this singular effect are all in favour of this country, as every message transmitted between ten in the morning and three in the afternoon would arrive at New York during the regular hours of business. The rate of charge for twenty words will be 2l. 10s.
We have been favoured by Mr. Parker, to whose indefatigable exertions the success of this movement has been greatly owing, with the following tabular statement, showing the number of vessels and emigrants sent to Canada under the direction of the shipping Committee of the Wellington Emigration Fund:-
All the above emigrants were provided with railway tickets to convey them from Quebec to Toronto.
The Montreal Steam Navigation Company's royal mail screw steam ship North American, Captain Grange, sailed from the Mersey on Wednesday last for Quebec and Montreal, with the Canadian mails, 200 passengers, and a large cargo.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Indian, which left Quebec on the 4th inst. arrived at Liverpool on the 14th inst., having made the passage in a little over nine and a half days. The following is a list of her passengers:-
1st class-Mr. And Mrs. Webb, Miss Graves, Major Wake, B.B. Hughes, H. Alexander, Mrs. Seaton, child, infant and nurse, Miss Morgan, Miss Savage, Miss Bouchier, H.D. Murrheart, E. Goodier, E.M. Chaffee, Mr. Bourne, Mr. Hingston, Mr. Murphy, S.B. Fish, F. Baby, Mr. Clay, Mr. Fisher and son, J. Robertson, A.M. Robertson, Mr. Blaiklock, nurse and four children, Mr. Langlois, Mr. Griffin, Mr. Hewitt, Rev. Mr. Marsh, Rev. J. Short and lady, Mr. Alleyn, Mr. Vannovous, M. Lagure, Mr. Hecht, J. Rigg, Capt. L. Hall, Mr. Bouttbee and lady, Mrs. Kerr, child and servant, Mr. Ramsay and lady, Mr. Morris, Mr. Brandry, Mr. Bryan, wife and two children, W.A. Murray, Mr. Kerr, G.E. Henning, Mr. Forbes, Miss Forbes, Mrs. Col. Clerk, Mrs. Robb, Mrs. Cuthbert and two servants, Mr. Burns, Mrs. Burns and two children, Miss Burns, infant and servant, Miss Rivaz-76. Second class-Mrs. H. Hodge, Mrs. Lumphier, Miss Plunsol, Mr. H. Hodge, Mr. Parke, A. Polson, Mr. Wilson, Rev. J. Frothingham, Rev. W. Stunderwork and son-10. Third class, 86. Total, 172.
The fastest passage yet made from Europe viâ the St. Lawrence route was that of the Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's steam ship Indian, which arrived at Quebec on the 27th ult., at eleven o'clock A.M. She left Liverpool at three P.M. on the 17th ult., thus making the run in nine days twenty hours-a voyage creditable alike to the vessel and the line to which she belongs. The Indian had 75 cabin and 275 steerage passengers, and a full cargo for Quebec and Montreal. The following is a list of the passengers:-
Capt. Seagrare, Capt. Bernard, W. Weatherman, Rev. W. M'Kenzie, W.P.J. Hamilton, Mrs. Yennent (of Saugeen, C.W.), Mr. Slack, Mr. and Mrs. Faulkner and child, Lord de Blaguiere, Capt. Smith, Major Hawes, Mons. Therberge, Mons, Perrault, Mr. and Mrs. Tindall and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Bloore, Lt. Hussey. Mr. Steyner, Mr. W. Atrington, Mr. and Mrs. Angus, Mr. E. Lord, Mr. Aitchinson, Mr. and Mrs. Phillips, nurse and child, Rev. Mr. Constantine, Mrs. Constantine and three children, Mrs. Stanley, Mr. and Mrs. S. Hart, Mrs. Hall and child, Miss Lander, Miss Cunningham, Mr. A. Scott, Mr. and Miss Corby, Mrs. Birmingham, three children and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Deran, Miss Cahill, Miss Gee, Mr. Vial, Mr. Bigland, Mrs. Barclay, and servant, Miss Sluriton, Mr. Fisher, Mr. C. Fry, Mr. A. George, Mr. Lant, Miss Lant, Mr. T. Cox, Mr. W.C. Little, Mr. G. Brown, Mr. Pearson, Mr. M'Meahan, Messrs. Andrew Robertson, Alexander Robertson, Conise, Russell, and J. Robertson-in all, 75 cabin and 275 steerage passengers.
The North Atlantic Company's screw steamship Khersonese, Captain Thompson, with advices from St. John's, Newfoundland, to the 4th inst., arrived in the Mersey on the 14th inst., with ninety-eight passengers and a full cargo.
The North Atlantic Company's screw steamer Circassian, C. Powell, Commander, sailed from Liverpool for Newfoundland, Halifax, and Portland, on Saturday, the 11st inst., with between 300 and 400 passengers.
The Hudson's Bay Detachment.-The ship Great Britain, Capt. Wilson, which has been chartered by the Imperial authorities to convey the troops to Hudson's Bay, arrived here on Wednesday evening, and will sail this morning. We subjoin list of officers and number of men, &c.:-Capt. Kerr, Commander; Pierce, Adjt. And Ensign; Armstrong and Onion, Ensigns; 105 privates, 4 serjeants, 4 corporals, 2 buglers; 15 women and 15 children.-Morning Chronicle, June 27.
Montreal, July 6, 1857
It is my lot this week to have to relate one of the most frightful steam boat disasters that has ever occurred on our waters,-even worse than those of western notoriety that have given so evil a renown to the Mississippi, and from which our river has hitherto been so remarkably free,-the only one like it, though much less in magnitude, being the burning of the Shamrock, some sixteen years ago, on Lake St. Louis, a few miles above Lachine, and by which accident about ninety emigrants lost their lives. The loss of life by the one I am now about to narrate will be more than two hundred, although it is not probable that the exact amount will ever be ascertained.
The steamer Montreal, loaded with Scotch emigrants, left Quebec about 4 P.M. on Friday evening, the 26th ult., and about an hour after, when nearly opposite Caprouge, about nine miles above Quebec, caught fire, and in less than an hour after was a complete wreck, burnt to the water's edge. She had on board, besides ten or twelve cabin passengers, over three hundred Scotch emigrants from Greenock by the ship John M'Kenzie; of these last a large portion have perished. The scene that ensued on the discovery of the fire was one frightful beyond description. The wildest panic prevailed. One boat was burned, the other upset as it was being lowered into the water. The frenzied and panic-stricken people flung themselves into the water pell mell, flying from the peril of the fire to meet the equally great peril of the water, and perished in it by scores. Fortunately the steamer Napoleon, which started from Quebec about the same time, was a short distance ahead, and dropped down tot he scene of the disaster as near as she could consistent with her own safety. Her boats and a large bateau belonging to some raftsmen, which she had in tow, were soon at the spot, and succeeded in saving a number of the unfortunates, who would have otherwise, no doubt, perished. Some delay occurred in the attempt made to beach the burning steamer, which was kept running ahead, under a full head of steam, for ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, adding of course intensity to the flames, and when the attempt was made it was unfortunately frustrated by the ill-fated vessel striking hard and fast on a ridge of rocks, with deep water on either side, at about eighteen hundred feet distance from the shore.
The most intense anxiety prevailed here on Saturday morning, and thousands of anxious spectators crowded the wharves awaiting the arrival of the Napoleon with the survivors from the wreck. She brought up about fifty-eight saved by her boats, and sixteen dead bodies, laid on the deck side by side,-hoary age, vigorous manhood, and helpless infancy, cut off in a moment, just as they had caught a glimpse for an instant of their promised land. What a scene on that clam river, on that bright summer evening! After the long and tedious voyage, just as they were congratulating themselves on their troubles and dangers being over, and were enjoying the brilliant scenery and ever-varying panorama of the St. Lawrence; pleased, gazing on its shores, clothed in all their summer glories, so near, yet alas how far too distant for many; whilst the grand river was sweeping by, so placid yet so treacherous, and so soon to be the resting-place of many!
It is impossible to describe all the painful feelings this event has produced, and which are continually kept alive as incidents connected with the wreck are daily unfolded. In the coat pocket of one of the bodies found, that of Wm. Doonie, aged 23, a blacksmith, from Aberdeen, was found a copy of the song-
Oh why left I my hame,
A Mrs. Bloomfield, with four children, from Edinburgh, going to join her husband at Toronto, in the employ of the Grand Trunk, lost two of her children, aged 11 and 5, and saved the two others, aged 1 and 9 years, and herself by clinging to a rope, holding one child in her arms and the other in her teeth, until two of the latter broke out from the strain on them. Yet she is a slight delicate-looking woman, but yet endured for the occasion, by her maternal instincts, with a giant's strength. Two brothers, Meikle, Scotch farmers, from Lachute on the Ottawa, went down to Quebec to meet an aged father, approaching ninety, whom they had not seen for twenty-five years, and who had come out to close his days amongst his children. It was not permitted him-he perished miserably in the flames, and one of the sons was drowned. Dr. Robb, the surgeon, who came out with the emigrants, was drowned, with his child-an only one-in his arms; his wife escaped, and is now here a desolate widow. But why go on narrating these things?-painful incidents are but too plentiful. Suffice it to say that we have parents, sole survivors of large families; helpless children, orphaned and alone-bereft of every tie in one fell moment.
It is gratifying and satisfactory in the highest degree to witness the amount of kindness and sympathy lavished on the survivors. Everything that it was possible to do under the circumstances has been done to soothe their sufferings and alleviate their distress. The Saint Andrew's Society here were most active in their attentions, and the St. Andrew's Home, an institution established this year for the benefit of emigrants, was at once thrown open for the admission of the survivors, and every attention paid to their wants. A committee from the society, with some of the survivors, was sent down to Quebec by rail next day, for the purpose of identifying and claiming the dead, and recovering any property that might be found. The Cemetery Company immediately placed a lot in the new cemetery at the disposal of the society for the burial of the dead. Many of the helpless orphans, so sadly and suddenly deprived of their natural guardians, have been taken charge of by some of our most respectable citizens. Contributions of clothing and food were liberally sent to the home, and the subscription lists immediately opened were soon filled up. The Grand Trunk and Royal Mail Line of Steam Boats have offered to convey free to their destination any of the unfortunates. Grievous, therefore, as has been the loss of these poor people, and sad as has been their mishap, they do not find themselves amongst unsympathising strangers, but are amongst friends and country people who feel deeply and warmly for their misfortunes, and attest the depth of that feeling by acts and deeds that speak stronger than words.
I think it but right to give you the names of those saved, as far as can be ascertained, for the information of friends left behind at home.
Saved By The Steamer "Napoleon."
Reported Lost By One Of The Saved.-Mr. and Mrs. Hall, five sons and two daughters, and one John Still, 58 saved.
Passengers of the J. M'Kenzie who left Quebec by Grand Trunk Railway:-
William Rodger, his son and mother, Jas. Gilmour, wife and family, Andrew Cree, Wm. Halliday and wife. Jno. Herbert, Jno Hunter and wife, Geo. Manson, wife and family, Geo. Graton, wife and family, Wm. Young and family, Jno. Thompson, Hugh Urquhart, Mary Calder, Andrew Graham, wife and family, Jno. Reid, wife and daughter, Donald Johnstone, wife and child, Margaret Currie, Janet M'Phee and another, W. Colvin and family, W. Cowan and family, Elizabeth Gibson and child, Colin Noble, E. Ramsay, Mary Calder, J. Wilson and family-69.
Remained behind at Quebec-Messrs. Copeland and Smart cabin passengers, Jno. Collier and family, and one Rowan-9.
Out of the crew of forty-three, fourteen have been lost. Two hundred and forty-two bodies have been recovered up to this time.
A number of raftsmen who were on board were also lost.
I have left myself little room for anything further, my letter, like the public mind, being completely monopolised by the awful calamity with which we have been lately visited. In political matters every is dull and stagnant just now....The Canadian steamer Indian made a splendid run out in little over nine days, and her passengers were in Montreal in ten days from Liverpool. In the face of this and other feats by our steamers, it is rather amusing to hear Sir R. Murchison gravely writing to Sir W. Logan that he has decided coming out to the meeting of the Scientific Association in August next by the St. Lawrence, although he has been advised not, in consequence of the difficulties and delays of the route. What an amount of misapprehension must still exist in the public mind in England in this respect, notwithstanding the speedy and certain passages made by the Canadian steamers hitherto, the only mishap being that of the Canadian (and she, I am afraid, will prove a total wreck), and even in her case passengers met with neither loss nor delay. The Indian sailed on Saturday last, 4th inst., with 170 passengers and a full cargo.
Transatlantic Tourists' Tickets:- We believe we are authorised in stating the Great Eastern steamship will positively sail from Holyhead Harbour her point of departure from England-for Portland in April next year, and that Tourists' Tickets will be issued by her for a five weeks' trip-the period during which the Great Eastern will remain at Portland-through North America. It is intended that these tickets should include the passage money out and home, and all railway and steam boat fares from Portland to Quebec, Chicago, St. Louis, Washington, New York, Boston, and back to Portland. The tourists will have presented to them a handsomely got up Guide, which is now being compiled in this city, embracing full particulars as to routes, distances, &c., of the trips contemplated to be included in their tickets, the price of which, according to present calculation, will be 100l. sterling. The novelty of a Transatlantic voyage, with a trip through America, will insure, beyond a doubt, the complete success of this interesting and novel Tourist Ticket system.-Canadian Railway and Steam Boat Guide.
Harbour Accommodation For Steamers:- Four lines of ocean steamers are now advertised as sailing to and from this port, viz., the Mail line from Liverpool, Mr. Shaw's line from Liverpool, the Anchor line from Glasgow, and Mr. Hill's promised steamers from London. The question arises, then, whether if three of these vessels were here at one time, when a number of other vessels are in, if there might not be some difficulty in finding them convenient berths in the old harbour. A wharf has been built down at the St. Mary's current for the accommodation of ocean steamers, but it will be useless until connected with the city by a tram-road. Is this not necessary, and when will it be built? Pending the discussion of other harbour improvements, this at least might be executed forthwith.-Herald.
On the 26th June, by drowning off the Montreal, Robert Wood Leslie, son of R.W.H. Leslie, of the medical department O.H.M.S., aged 26 years.
On the 26th June, by drowned on board the Montreal, Mr. Philippe Cordelher, formerly paymaster-serjeant of the Regement De Meurons, aged 65 years.
A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 3rd of July, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 374 vessels, 196,878 tons; 1857, 603 vessels, 300,016 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 229; increase in tonnage, 103,138 tons.
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 19th June, and the corresponding date in 1856:
Number of vessels arrived at this port from sea in 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, and 1857, up to the 27th June in each year:-
The influx of emigrants continues unabated, the number up to this date being nearly double that of last year. The great majority are from Norway, the emigrants from which country, as well as from Germany and other continental nations in former years, took the port of New York on their route to the Far West. The Quebec Morning Chronicle says:-
Now that they are compelled to abandon it, by the exactions and extortions of runners, lodging-house keepers, and that class who preyed upon and cheated them, it is to be hoped that care will be taken by the authorities here to maintain the reputation of the St. Lawrence route, and to see that no restrictions are imposed upon the progress through the province of those whom it may be found inexpedient or impossible to induce to settle in Canada, and become British subjects. We are informed that the health of the emigrants arrived up to this time has been better than every known in previous years, the number of deaths on the passage and of sick on arrival at Grosse Isle being less, in proportion tot he number of passengers, than in any former season. Not a single case of ship fever or of small-pox has been admitted to the quarantine hospital up to this date. Only two men, one woman, and thirteen children have died, which, out of a floating population of 16,000, may be considered an indication of health. Measles has prevailed extensively among the children in Norwegian vessels, and several infants have died of this disease, which often proves fatal where cleanliness, pure air, and nourishing diet are not available, as in the hold of a passenger vessel on a long sea voyage.
We subjoin the report of the persons sent down to survey the Canadian vessel. The Montreal Gazette says "measures will be taken to carry their views into effect as soon as possible. Mr. Merritt went down, with divers and all the necessary apparatus, to try the first plan, and we earnestly hope he may be successful."
Quebec, 19th June, 1857.
Do report that we found the ship lying with head to southeast, right across the tide, sitting upright, with a declivity of fully 18 degrees; the after part of the vessel, from a little abaft of the mainmast, being under water, there being at low water 7½ fathoms at stern, 6½ do. at mizen rigging, and 4¼ do. at main rigging; forward, vessel is quite dry. The stern, from the 12 feet mark, is gone, and the hooding plates for about 30 feet broken and partly torn off.
Inside, forward, the platform that had been laid and the cabin deck are all burst up, and ten of the iron beams broken; seven of them (together) quite off on the port side, and all much bent up in the centre.
The iron stanchions on cabin deck, before the tank bulkhead, much bent, showing the bottom is set up or broken there.
The ship aloft shows very little appearance of straining, the sheer forward at fore-rigging slightly up.
From the awkward and very dangerous position of the ship, lying right across the tideway, which at neaptide[?] runs runs 9½ knots, the attempt to life her will be a very difficult matter, and attended with great expense and risk of loss.
We would therefore recommend, as a preliminary step, that divers should be immediately employed to ascertain the state of the after bulkheads; and in the event of their being damaged, the practicability of making them sufficient and of securing the companions and skylights, so that the ship can be pumped out and thereby raised abaft, in which case a platform and double bulkheads can be easily made firm, and the ship floated with comparatively little expense.
Should the above method to raise the ship be found impracticable, we should suggest that vessels of large burden be employed to float her abaft; failing these being procured, to construct very large cylinders or ship-lifters for the purpose, which must be fitted with pumps, as they have to be applied as low down as they can be secured and float.
The cost attending these last attempts to attain the object will much depend
upon the weather, which at this season may be looked for as favourable.
Sale of Real Estate:- The following real estate was sold by auction yesterday forenoon in four lots:-
1st lot.-The India wharf, with the buildings thereon,-adjudged to J.W. Leaycraft, Esquire, for 11,010l.
2nd lot.-The vacant lot in rear of the India wharf, containing 11,000 feet,-adjudged to E. Burstall, Esquire, for one shilling and eleven pence per foot.
3rd lot.-The undivided half of 6 lots, commencing at the north end of St. Peter-street, in the rear of the Bank of Montreal, and 4 tending out in the River St. Charles,-adjudged to Arch. Campbell, Esquire, for two shillings and seven pence per foot.
4th lot.-The undivided half of three water lots in the River St. Charles, between Aylmer and Carey streets.-adjudged to H. Dubord, Esquire, for one shilling and eleven pence per foot....
On the 26th ult., drowned from off the steamer Montreal, Peter, son of Mr. Colin Sinclair, late of Hillhead, parish of Drymen, Scotland, aged 22 years.
The tide of immigration, both from the eastern states and Europe, continues to set in more strongly than ever, but, unlike the spring tide of the ocean, it promises no flood. There is room and work for all. An interesting report has been published by the statistical bureau of the State Department at Washington, showing the number of passengers arrived in the United States from Foreign countries during the year ending 31st Dec., 1856. As furnishing an item of interest to many at home, I append the number of arrivals since 1843:-
"We are glad," says the Chicago Tribune, commenting on these figures, "to know that the alarm excited among the migrating population of Europe, by the Know-nothing movement, has subsided, and that this year the shipment of bone and muscle bids fair to be as great as ever before."
It is essential that at this great point, to which the emigrants from Europe all centre on their way to the West, there should be established some responsible agency to which they can be ticketed from the East, and which, after a full and careful consideration of their means and wants, can forward them by proper routes to their desired destination. I insert these few lines in the hope that they may fall under the notice of her Britannic Majesty's Board of Emigration Commissioners. I think if that honourable body were made fully aware of the imperative necessity of such an agency here, they might be induced to confer with the proper local authorities, who are also anxious to have such an agency established. Such an arrangement, not only feasible but easy of accomplishment, would speedily do away with the scalping system practised upon immigrants, and the impositions and heavy losses to which these poor people are daily subjected, and which must ever attend the irresponsible acts of railroad runners, agents, and other ambiguous friends to the foreigner.
There is now every prospect that the line of screw propellers to ply between Collingwood-terminus of the Ontario, Simcoe, and Huron Railroad-and this port [Chicago], projected by Mr. Brunel last year, will soon be in operation.
Arrivals at Quebec
LOSS OF THE EMIGRANT SHIP "ST CLAIR." — This ship,
bound to Quebec, which sailed from Tralee on the 12th of last month, has been
latitude 50.30 N. long.
about 19 W. On the 18th the barque Grace and Jane, of Sunderland,
from New York to Rotterdam, came up with the St. Clair, when
the latter was in a sinking state, and lay by her till it was necessary to
abandon her ; when her crew and passengers,
amounting to 250, were taken on board the Grace and Jane,
and conveyed to Queenstown. Captain Horan, of the Grace and Jane,
thus describes the sufferings of the poor creatures he had been instrumental
in saving:--"The decks of the barque
presented a sad spectacle; all spare sails were got up for sheltering them.
There was scarcely
room to work the ship. From the 19th to the 23rd the weather was very trying
to these poor people. The wind was from the southward, accompanied with thick
foggy weather ; the nights cold, and the days cheerless; the spray of the ocean
frequently drenching them. We had nothing but bread and water to give them,
except occasionally a little warm tea and sugar. But what could we do in the
cooking for 250 persons with a stove adapted for twelve? The discomforts of
our position are past recording. We had no convenience whatever, every hole
full, and every place wet and dirty."
August 5, 1857
The inquest on the victims by the appalling disaster to the river steamer Montreal has ended in a verdict finding the owner, captain, mate, and pilot guilty of manslaughter. No less than 253 bodies of the unfortunate victims have been recovered.
The weather during the fortnight had been very hot, the thermometer marking over 90 deg. Fahrenheit for several days in succession. Showers had, however, fallen during the last two or three days.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Navigation Company's screw steamer Indian sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday last, for Montreal and Quebec, with the usual Canadian mails, a full cargo, and about 250 passengers.
The Montreal Ocean Mail Steam Ship Company's steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, which sailed from Quebec on the 18th ult., arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday night, with nearly 200 passengers. The Anglo-Saxon was detained twenty-four hours by a dense fog in the St. Lawrence. The following is a list of the passengers:-
Miss Bradshaw, Mrs. Benjamin and daughter, Miss Khershaw, Miss Payne, Miss Atchison, Miss Anderson, Mr. Stuart and lady, Hon. J.A. M'Donald, Mr. Rose, Hon. H. Black, Mr. Torrance and lady, Lieut. J.B. Taylor, lady and two infants, Mr. Mack and lady, Mr. Angers and lady, Mr. Maddison and son, Mr. Parkyn, lady and two children, Mr. H. Benjamin and son, Mr. F. M'Nab, Mr. W. M'Nab, Mr. Ball and lady, Mr. H. Merrill, Colonel Remvick, lady, nurse and child, Mr. Glover, Mr. Beswick, Mr. Morgan, Mr. Prince, Mr. A. Chisholm, Mr. Lewis, Mr. M'Pherson, Mr. Howe, Mr. Lyon, Mr. Lambert, Mr. Bryce Allan and Master Allan, Mr. Hammond, Mr. Benjamin, Mr. Benjamin, Mr. Berry, Mr. R. Burton, Mr. James Douglas, Mr. Powell, Mr. Bryson, Mr. James Gunn, Mr. Steple and lady, Mr. J.B. Forsyth, Mr. Hayard, Mr. Beauleau and lady, Mr. A. Thompson, Mr. Leech, lady and two nephews, Mrs. M'Pherson, Miss M'Pherson, Mr. Moodie, Mrs. Alexander, Miss Alexander, Mrs. Ferguson, Miss Gennell, Mr. J. Scott, Mr. Haneux, Mr. Othney, Mr. W.W. Turnbull, Rev. Mr. Vincent, Rev. Mr. Malloney, Mr. C.F. Smith, Mr. Coulson, Rev. Mr. Millar, Messrs. Davis, Gemmel, D.N. Grisel, R. Bouker, L.D. Bouker.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon arrived at Quebec on the 11th ult., at eight o'clock A.M. She made the passage in the quickest time on record by the St. Lawrence route, having been only nine days seventeen hours from Liverpool, which she left on the 1st ult. The greatest distance made in one day was 288 miles, and she was slightly detained by fogs in the Straits of Belle Isle. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Mr. and Miss Schreiber, Miss Emery, Mr. and Miss Cavillier, Colin Miller and lady, Mr. Durand and two Misses Durand, two Misses Sanders, Miss Brown, Mr. Holmes, Mr. Shaw, Miss Lindsay, Hon. R. Jones and lady, Mr. Jones, jun., and three ladies, Mr. King, Mr. Byfield and party, Mr. F. Byfield, Massingbred, Mr. P. Freeland, Mr. Doherty, Mr. H. Fletcher, Mr. Peete, lady and child, Mr. Seymour, Mr. Tannahill and lady, Mr. Coulston and lady, Captain Walker, Mr. Shuttleworth, lady and two children, Mr. Tipper, Miss Galloway, Mrs. and Miss Stirling, Mr. J.H. Gibson, Mrs. S. Newcombe, Mr. Wm. Newcombe and lady, Mr. Henry Newcombe, Mr. James Newcombe, three Misses Newcombe, Master Newcombe, Mr. S. Read and lady, Mr. S. Hendry, Mr. Dunlop, Mr. Pridaux, Mr. Godfrey, Mr. Ewart, Mr. Kendrick; 65 cabin and 250 in steerage.
The Anglo-Saxon sailed on Saturday with 191 passengers. This vessel had a fine run out, reaching Quebec in nine and a half days; deduct from this the thirty-two hours that she was detained by fog in the Straits of Belle Isle, and I doubt whether a better run has ever been made across the Atlantic. Our line is coming more into favour every day. The pilot who ran the Canadian ashore has been deprived of his license by the Trinity Board at Quebec. Messrs. Edmonston, Allan, and Co. have perfected their new arrangements with the Government for a weekly line in summer and fortnightly in winter.
Canadian Shipping.-The Montreal Witness says:-"The subject of shipowning in Canada is attracting attention in various quarters, and not without good reason. This has been one of the kinds of enterprise which has, in all ages, enriched nations fastest. Tyre, Egypt, Venice, Genoa, Portugal, Holland, and England are familiar examples of the enormous wealth and influence realised by means of ships; and more lately the United States, notwithstanding their immense openings for internal enterprise, have embarked so heartily in foreign commerce that they have vessels in probably every sea and every port of the world. It is not strange, then, that enterprising men in a country like Canada, where the timber for shipbuilding and the cargoes for exportation are indigenous, should think of sharing the golden harvest reaped by those who now conduct our trade in British or foreign bottoms. The difficulty of obtaining capital and sailors has hitherto been the chief obstacle to the inauguration of a system of Canadian shipowning upon an extensive scale; but it is a business that soon breeds capital, and Canada could get a proportion of foreign sailors just as the United States does. Besides, there are a fine race of hardy, industrious, and economical sailors bred up on the Lower St. Lawrence and the Gulf whose energies should be developed. Previous to the introduction of the British registry law for vessels, it was scarcely possible that Canada should engage largely in the shipping business, because one man in a new country is seldom rich enough to own a vessel wholly, and without the registry law it is not easy to hold a vessel in shares with safety, or to lend money upon it. At present, however, we believe it is in full force, and the vessels may be owned here on the sixty-fourth share system the same as in Britain. In the seaport towns of Scotland we believe it is a common thing for a mechanic or shopkeeper to own one or more sixty-fourths of a vessel, and draw his annual share of the profits without any labour and with very little risk or anxiety. The vessel is fully insured, and managed by the captain afloat and by a competent ship's husband or shipping agent at home, and everything commonly goes prosperously, honestly, and well, although doubtless there are exceptions to this rule as to all others. Now, we think it would do very much to advance Canada were tradesmen, mechanics, shopkeepers, and others who have a little money to invest, to take one or more sixty-fourth shares in vessels to trade to Britain, the West Indies, Chicago, or any where else; the said vessels to be managed by experienced and reliable shipping agents, the books being open to the owners and the profits divided annually. From Glasgow to Montreal there will be during the coming season three auxiliary screw steam ships-the Tempest, the John Bell, and the United Kingdom, of the 'Anchor' line. The agents in Montreal, Messrs. M'Leod, M'Donald, and Co. (a new house), have branches in New York and Liverpool, connected with John Athsa and Co., of Glasgow. The steamer Clyde is to be taken from New York and put on the Montreal route. It is also reported that Messrs. Edmonstone, Allan, and Co. will put on a steam shop from Glasgow if freight offers. Thus there will probably be five steamers, or nearly equal to a weekly line, from Glasgow. From Liverpool there is the Montreal or Allan line of fine vessels, whose performances are already the theme of general congratulation; and another line is in contemplation, and the London or Alfred Hill line will probably continue as last year. There is also to be a new line of sailing vessels from Liverpool and Glasgow. It will be seen from the foregoing statement that there will be a very large available tonnage of the most desirable kind for outward cargoes, and it is much to be desired that our inland and lake lines of propellers and schooners may bring down sufficient stuff for them in good time; otherwise, if these vessels be disappointed in return cargoes, some of the lines will be discontinued, to the great detriment of Canada commerce. We hope the arrangements for a Chicago line of propellers may be completed without delay, as such a line was never more needed or likely to be more profitable. We have only to add that the freight and passengers from the interior for Europe coming this way will find it equally expeditious and more economical than by way of New York."
On the 26th June, on board the steamer Montreal, John Meikle, Esq., from Glasgow, aged 89 years; also, Thomas Meikle, Esq., merchant, St. Andrew's, his son, who had gone to Quebec to meet him.
Heroism.-A boy, Narcisse Lamontague, heroically saved eight children from the steamer Montreal. He is about thirteen years old and tall for his age, is of delicate form; and it is really wonderful that he should have had the presence of mind and courage to grapple with the children in the water, some of them being nearly as tall as himself. Mr. J.B. Ryan and Capt. St. Louis, of the steamer Victoria, took him about the city yesterday afternoon, with the view of getting a subscription raised to reward him for his noble conduct. He is from Sorel, and we are informed that he is the chief support of his widowed mother. Surely such heroism as this boy displayed should not go unrewarded. We have no humane society in Quebec, but we have, we trust, those in the city who, admiring this noble boy's conduct, will give him a medal and something besides it. It was by seizing the door of a state-room, placing the children upon it, and pushing it before him while he swam, that, at different trips, he succeeded in landing on dry rocks or on the beach eight of the survivors, who would have otherwise met, with the hundreds of others, a watery grave.-Quebec Mercury, July 14.
Arrival Of The Steamer "Lady Head."-To supply the place of the steam ship Doris, lost some time ago, Mr. Baby has had constructed of iron a new and well fitted up, commodious, and fast propeller, which he has named the Lady Head, and which has made the voyage from Londonderry to Quebec, stoppages included, in the very short time of 13 days, having arrived here, as will be perceived by the shipping intelligence, yesterday evening. This vessel is exceedingly well adapted for passengers, and might be profitably employed in opening up a passenger trade with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. She will for the present be in the employ of the Quebec Trinity House, and will be commanded by Captain Davison.-Morning Chronicle, July 9.
Births And Deaths
The following return has been furnished by the Emigrant Agent at this port of the arrival and destination of emigrants at Hamilton for the month of June:-
Arrival from Liverpool.-Yesterday a "long, low, black, rakish-looking" craft made her appearance in the river and anchored opposite our harbour. She proved to be the Madeira Pet, a beautiful copper-bottomed top-sail schooner, of about 200 tons and drawing ten feet of water, commanded by Captain Craig, heretofore engaged in the fruit trade and running between Liverpool and St. Michael's. She is now on her way from Liverpool to Chicago with a cargo consisting principally of crockery, glassware, pig iron, paints, and oils. She left Liverpool on the 14th April, and was 35 days between that city and Quebec. She was therefore about five weeks in coming from Quebec to this city. The Madeira Pet-and a genuine pet she is owned by the same company that purchased the Dean Richmond. The gentlemen composing this company seem to have an eye to the beautiful in naval architecture. Captain Craig has been taking on supplies to-day, and the Pet will resume her voyage this evening or to-morrow morning. May prosperous gales waft her onward.-Detroit Tribune, July 7.
A Canadian Exploring Party.-We understand that the Government has appointed a party of eight, to explore the route between the head of Lake Superior and the Red River settlement. Mr. Gladman, whose evidence before the Committee of our House of Assembly was both judicious and valuable, is to be put at the head of the party; and we should think his experience and his knowledge of the country eminently fit him for the duty.
We take the following from the St. John's Courier:-
Had the above decline in our immigration been confined to the three first years of the series, we should hardly have thought it sufficient to base an argument upon, as the falling off then was mainly due to European causes over which we had no control; and which affected, if not equally at least to a large extent, emigration from thence to all countries. But what makes the matter important is that we do not yet seem to have reached the bottom of the descending scale, while other countries are rapidly rising again to the usual rate of immigration they had before the war. In the United States, immigration reached its lowest point in consequence of the war in 1855, the New York returns for 1856 being five thousand more than in the previous year. We are not in possession at present of the immigration returns to Canada for last year, but we find that the average of the six years preceding 1855 was about 40,000 annually, while that of 1855 was about 21,274-a decrease, though not nearly so large proportionately as took place in this province, yet sufficient to show there was some more widely-acting cause than any of merely internal origin in either of the colonies. Granting then that the Russian war and consequent scarcity of men and improved times in Europe accounted for a portion of the falling off of our immigration in 1853, '54, and '55, the question comes up why is it still declining when the war is over, and the numbers going to other countries are coming up to their former average?
With these facts before us, and they might be greatly multiplied of the same kind did the subject need, it surely behoves us to inquire what the causes are that has brought New Brunswick into such disfavour in the European emigration market, and if possible to suggest also the remedies.
Bold Bank Robbery.-On Sunday, June 28, the Central Bank of New Brunswick was robbed of a large amount of gold and five-pound notes. The amount is not stated, but we presume from $15,000 to $20,000 in gold and a still larger amount of bank bills. It was one of the boldest and ablest planned robberies we have heard of for many a day. The village of Fredericton has about 5,000 people. The robbers got into the basement of the building, dug through the masonry and got access to the lock, an old-fashioned one, bolted to the door by screws. They cut off the heads of the screw bolts and left the lock hanging in its place, and forced the door. They selected their gold and bills and left the silver on the floor of the bank room, apparently intending to return for it. No one connected with the bank visited it from Saturday afternoon to Monday morning, so that they had ample time for arrangements. The persons of the robbers are pretty clearly ascertained.-New Brunswicker.
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