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Arrivals at New York With Sickness on Board, 1853 - Sept-Oct
from The Atlantic Ferry, by A. Maginnis, 1892 (extracted from the New York Herald, October 26, 1853)
"Among the arrivals at this port of emigrant ships during the past few weeks, a very large number of deaths have been reported. In one vessel, the Charles Sprague, the unusually large number of forty-five persons died on the passage from Bremen; and in another, the Winchester, from Liverpool, the number of fatal cases amounted to no less than seventy-nine. The following is the number of cases at this port [New York] from September 9th up to the present time:--
Although the captains, in their reports, with one exception, merely mentioned the fact of such a number having died, it is pretty certain that the disease which carried them off was cholera, that fatal malady which is making such havoc among the shipping in Europe. Several, no doubt, died by the common diseases, but that cholera was raging on board many of the above named vessels is beyond all question from the fact that thirty-three persons who were landed at quarantine were suffering from that epidemic. The sickness on the Benjamin Adams was decidedly cholera; and, in addition, the ship Sagadahock, from Gottenburg, which arrived at Boston on the 24th ult., reports the loss of seventy passengers by the same disease. In reference to this matter, a committee of the American Medical Association has drawn up a memorial to Congress, urging the necessity of compelling all emigrant-vessels to carry a surgeon."
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