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Arrivals at New York With Sickness on Board, 1853 - Sept-Oct

from The Atlantic Ferry, by A. Maginnis, 1892 (extracted from the New York Herald, October 26, 1853)

"Among the arrivals at this port of emigrant ships during the past few weeks, a very large number of deaths have been reported. In one vessel, the Charles Sprague, the unusually large number of forty-five persons died on the passage from Bremen; and in another, the Winchester, from Liverpool, the number of fatal cases amounted to no less than seventy-nine. The following is the number of cases at this port [New York] from September 9th up to the present time:--

Arrived 1853 Ships Where from No. of Passengers Deaths
Sept 9 Zurich Havre 358 2
Sept 11 Lucy Thompson Liverpool 800 35
Sept 15 Niagara Liverpool 249 38
Sept 21 Charles Sprague Bremen 280 45
Sept 26 Oder Hamburg 237 14
Sept 27 Winchester Liverpool 463 79
Sept 29 Kate Hunter Liverpool 342 1
Sept 29 Rhine Havre 566 24
Sept 30 Talleyrand Hamburg 210 11
Sept 30 Louisiana Hamburg 142 3
Oct 11 Harvest Queen Havre 367 5
Oct 12 Copernicus Hamburg 152 19
Oct 14 Orphan Bremen 280 4
Oct 14 Marmion Liverpool 295 34
Oct 17 Waterloo Liverpool 294 4
Oct 17 James Wright Liverpool 430 1
Oct 19 Statira Morse Glasgow 201 2
Oct 20 Sir Robert Peel London 407 6
Oct 20 Cordelia Bremen 339 3
Oct 20 London Havre 229 2
Oct 21 New York Liverpool 400 16
Oct 21 Benjamin Adams Liverpool 620 15

Although the captains, in their reports, with one exception, merely mentioned the fact of such a number having died, it is pretty certain that the disease which carried them off was cholera, that fatal malady which is making such havoc among the shipping in Europe. Several, no doubt, died by the common diseases, but that cholera was raging on board many of the above named vessels is beyond all question from the fact that thirty-three persons who were landed at quarantine were suffering from that epidemic. The sickness on the Benjamin Adams was decidedly cholera; and, in addition, the ship Sagadahock, from Gottenburg, which arrived at Boston on the 24th ult., reports the loss of seventy passengers by the same disease. In reference to this matter, a committee of the American Medical Association has drawn up a memorial to Congress, urging the necessity of compelling all emigrant-vessels to carry a surgeon."

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