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appendix: Immigration to and Emigration from Nova Scotia 1815-1838 prepared by J.S. Martell, 1942

Ships to and from Nova Scotia 1815-1838

The information included here is chiefly drawn from Customs Returns, Government correspondence and contemporary newspapers. The Martell appendix is the preliminary source of this information, however additional material will be included, from a variety of sources. There are no passenger names, with the exception of a list of Scottish settlers to Pictou in 1816, [see below] a muster roll of Welsh passengers in 1818 [see below], and the survivors of the wrecked Dispatch in 1828 [see below] and Saint Lawrence, Tobermory to Ship Harbour 1828 [see below]. Where a source is quoted as PANS, that citation may now be outdated, as the Public Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS) is now referred to as NSARM (Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management).
note about omissions: a - Some arrivals in the "shipping news" section of the newspapers included names of passengers, thought to be Cabin class, and not immigrants, so are not included. b - Passengers on ships bound to ports other than Nova Scotian, are not included in totals. c - Shipwrecked passengers are not included it totals, unless there was reason to believe they stayed in the Province. — In the contemporary documents for this period, the term Emigrant is often used in place of Immigrant, so consider 'Emigrant' as an inclusive categorization for Immigrant. — The nationality of the passengers is arbitrarily indicated by country of departure of the ship, rather than the origin of the passengers.

note: The formal archiving of passenger lists for Canadian arrivals did not begin, for the ports of . . . Quebec 1865 . . . Halifax 1881 . . . St. John 1900 etc. . . . see Canadian Records and also check Passenger Lists for additional early passenger lists, or, lists of passengers found from a variety of sources.

1815 | 1816 | 1817 | 1818 | 1819 | 1820 | 1821 | 1822 | 1823 | 1824 | 1825 | 1826 | 1827 | 1828
1829 | 1830 | 1831 | 1832 | 1833 | 1834 | 1835 | 1836 | 1837 | 1838

Abbreviations:
C.O. = Colonial Office
Idem = from the same author or publication or source
op. cit. = opere citato in the work cited
PANS = Public Archives of Nova Scotia
Pass: = Passengers
viz = videlicet namely

1815
Halifax
Negroes:

Public Record Office, London, C.O. 217/96, Sherbrooke to Bathurst, April 6, 1815.
About 1,200 Negroes had been brought to Nova Scotia during the War of 1812 in the King's Ships. [see, for instance, Acadian Recorder, Sept. 3, 1814: "Thursday, Sept. 1—arr. H.M. Brig Jaseur, Capt. Watt, 10 days from the Chesapeake; also, a Transport with a few hundred Negroes (dead and alive)"]
Vice-Admiral Cochrane had written from Bermuda (March 25) to say that he was sending to Nova Scotia, 1,500 to 2,000 more Negroes.
Idem, Sherbrooke to Bathurst, May 6, 1815 — New Brunswick had agreed to take 500 of the Negroes.

Acadian Recorder, (Halifax), April 1, 1815 — H.M.S. Erebus, 12 days Amelia Island, "62 refugee Blacks, from the island."
Idem, April 29, 1815 — H.M.S. Brune, 7 days, Bermuda, "200 blacks"
Idem, May 13, 1815 — H.M.S. Ceylon, 6 days, Bermuda. "The Ceylon brought 250 blacks; and a ship was to sail in a few days for Annapolis with a number more."
(His Majesty's warships and transports continued during the summer and autumn of 1815 to arrive from the south, but the number of Negroes they carried was not recorded in the shipping news.)

C.O. 217/96, Sherbrooke to Bathurst, October 16, 1815
Winter clothing and blankets for the Negroes had come from Bermuda where they had been sent from England. More Negroes were in the provision ship and a frigate. In fact, almost "every Ship from the Southward" had been bringing some Negroes, and "great numbers in addition" were expected. (The Acadian Recorder, of Aug. 24, 1816, noted the arrival of the Brig Ceres from Charleston, S.C., and Cape Fear "with about 40 Negroes, captured by the British during the war.")

C.O. 217/98, Dalhousie to Bathurst, December 29, 1816; PANS Council Minutes, Nov. 29, 1816
New regulations for rationing refugee Negroes were established by Lieutenant-Governor Dalhousie late in 1816. Only the Negroes who had been sent by Admiral Cochrane since April 1815, were to be considered refugees. Three principal depots for rations (which were to cease June 1, 1817) were established at Halifax, Nine Mile River, Preston. Negroes at Hammond's Plains, Preston, Refugee Hill (St. Margaret's Bay Road), Waterloo Farm (Colchester Road), and on lands of individual proprietors were to continue to receive rations if they had been receiving them up to this date. But there were to be no rations for Negroes idling on the streets of Halifax unless there were too infirm to settle. A full weekly ration was to consist of 7 pounds of biscuit, 4 10/16 pounds of pork, 2 pounds of rice. and each child a third ration. Richard Inglis, Clerk of the Commissariat Department, was to superintend the issue of rations.

Return of Negroes made by Richard Inglis, Dec. 30, 1816
Where Settled
Men
Women
Child'n
Total
Preston
319
257
348
924
Hammond's Plains
201
131
172
504
Refugee Hill
20
23
33
76
Town of Halifax
50
28
37
115
 
590
439
590
1,619
(It seems safe to say that at least 1,700 to 2,000 refugee negroes came to Nova Scotia after the war, and stayed in the province.)

Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1815 — 236 Scots
Irish: Idem — 94 Irish
Pictou
Scots: PANS, Vol. 227, Doc. 118 — The following is a list of "the Emigrants from Gt. Britain" (Scotland) in 1815 settled or residing in the District of Pictou in the spring of 1816. [click here for list of settlers]
see also brigantine Prince William, Sutherland to Pictou, 1815.
Cape Breton
  D.C. Harvey, "Holland's Description of Cape Breton Island and Other Documents," Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Publication No.2, Appendix B, Census Rolls Cape Breton Island 1818.
These rolls are incomplete (there is no return for Sydney, for instance), but in the absence of shipping lists, they indicate, in the column headed "Time on the Island," when some settlers arrived. A count reveals 28 Scots, 25 Irish, and 6 English who came in 1816.
1816
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1816 — 201 Scots
  Acadian Recorder June 1 brig William 43 days, Aberdeen 4 passengers
  Idem Sept. 21 brig Aimwell 35 days, Thurso 139 passengers, mostly farmers and mechanics
  Idem Oct. 26 ship Lord Gardner 59 days, Greenock passengers
Irish: Acadian Recorder Nov. 2 Hibernia Cork 105 farmers and mechanics with their families
  C.O. 217/98, Dalhousie to Bathurst, Jan. 2, 1817
"About 500 fine young men chiefly Irish" had lately arrived at Halifax "totally destitute of bread or means of subsistence." They were an overflow of "an immense Emigration to Newfoundland last summer."
  Acadian Recorder Dec. 14 schooner Industry and Susan St. John's, Nfld. 150 passengers
  Idem Dec. 21 schooner William & Jane St. John's, Nfld. 51 passengers
      schooners Haron, Susan, and Union had cleared St. John's for Halifax with "Passengers" [Dec. 28 1816 issue missing]
Pictou
Scots:

PANS, Vol. 227, Doc. 116, Hugh Denoon & Others to H.H. Cogswell (Deputy Provincial Secretary), Pictou, May 12, 1816
"On Friday last, seventy Emigrants arrived here from Leith in the ship Aurora most of them are of a superior class to those who arrived last year and it is probable that but few of them will remain in this district, but we understand that a great number more are to be expected in the course of this Summer."

Idem, Doc. 129, Denoon & Others to Cogswell, Oct. 15, 1816
"One Ship and one Brig has arrived here from N. Britain with Passengers amounting as we understand to three hundred souls . . . another Vessel with One hundred and fifty more may be daily expected. — A great part of these people are of the most indigent Class without funds in this country . . ."

Colin S. MacDonald, "Early Highland Emigration to Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island from 1770-1853," The Nova Scotia Historical Society, Collections, Vol. 23
In 1816, the ship The Good Intent arrived at Pictou from Aberdeen after a two to three months crossing.
In 1816, also, the ship The Three Brothers arrived at Nova Scotia from Hull with "some settlers."

C.O. 217/98, Dalhousie to Bathurst, Jan. 2, 1817
"In the course of the last Summer a very considerable number of Highlanders from Scotland landed on the Eastern shores, about Pictou, & joined a settlement of their Countrymen in that district . . ."

New Halifax-Annapolis Road
 

Disbanded Soldiers & Pensioners

J.S. Martell, "Military Settlements in Nova Scotia after the War of 1812," The Nova Scotia Historical Society, Collections, Vol. 24
The Royal Newfoundland Fencibles were disbanded at Halifax in June 1816. Two captains, five lieutenants, one ensign, one quarter-master, seven sergeants, and eighty-three of the rank and file, 99 in all, accepted the offer of free land in Nova Scotia. Most of them went to the new military settlement laid out for them at Sherwood and Sherbrooke (now New Ross) in Lunenburg County.
The Nova Scotia Fencibles were disbanded at Halifax in July, 1816. Led by Captain William Ross, 172 of them are said to have arrived at Sherbrooke on August 7, 1816

C.O. 217/98, Dalhousie to Bathurst, Jan. 2, 1817
Many out-pensioners of the Chelsea Hospital had arrived and expected lands and rations. "I have no authority to grant them any support, — they are now here many of them in the most pitiful distress." They said a great number were coming in the spring. Dalhousie recommended that they be treated like disbanded Fencibles and located with them

Cape Breton
  D.C. Harvey, op. cit.
The extant census rolls for Cape Breton in 1818 list 129 Scots, 47 Irish, and 4 Frenchmen (two from France and two from the Magdalene Islands) who settled in the Island in 1816.
1817
Halifax
 

In a letter of "A Resident Mechanic" of Halifax, dated July 25, 1817, and published in the Acadian Recorder of the following day, it is stated that since the first of July, 1817, "not less than nine Vessels have arrived from Europe, viz. 4 from Scotland, 4 from Ireland, and 1 from England, having on board 1254 passengers; the last arrival bringing advice that there are 5 Vessels taking in passengers for this Province, at Londonderry, and 4 others at Belfast . . ." It is clear that the nine vessels between July 1 and 25 came to Halifax; but those that came after that date may have gone to other ports, Pictou or Sydney or elsewhere.

Acadian Recorder July 19, 1817
The following vessels arrived since our last, brought passengers:
ship Brunswick Londonderry
231
ship Agincourt Leith
199
brig Amity Thurso
125
brig Pilot Dundee
44
Irish: Acadian Recorder Jan. 4 schooner Isabella St. John's, Nfld. 55 passengers
  Idem Jan. 25 schooner Consolation St. John's, Nfld. 30 passengers, principally mechanics
(bound for Halifax, forced into Pope's Harbour, Halifax Co.)
    A gentleman arrived in town yesterday morning from Pope's Harbour; he arrived there in the schooner Consolation, Marvin, about 8 days since from St. Johns, Newfoundland after a boisterous passage of thirty days; during which she lost her keel, and received considerable other injury, and would be obliged to discharge her cargo of fish. The Consolation has on board 30 passengers, principally mechanics. The sch. Lively, Davis was to sail in a few days after Capt. Marvin and would also bring a number of passengers. Our informant also states that a schooner belonging to Mr. Ridgeway of this town, went ashore in the above harbour, but would be got off without any material injury.
    schooner Shamrock, which left St, John's for Halifax about Dec. 1, 1816 with 49 passengers, believed lost.
A new schooner about 40 tons burthen called the Shamrock, James Burke master, sailed from St. Johns Newfoundland, about the last of Nov., or the first of Dec. for this place, having on board forty-nine passengers - As she has not arrived, the following particulars collected from the master of a schooner which sailed in company with her, will warrant the belief that she has foundered; "Dec. 22d saw the sch. Shamrock having lost her fore-mast; she appeared to be in a sinking state; it blowing a gale and the sea running very high, could not lend her assistance; it is conjectured she must have gone down that night, as she was not to be seen on the morning of the 23d." The owner, Mr. John Spencer and his brother were on board.
  Idem Feb. 8 schooner Lively St. John's, Nfld. about 20 passengers
(bound for Halifax, forced into Beaver Harbour, Halifax Co.)
      The sch. Lively, Davis, from St. John's Newfoundland, of and for this port, put into Beaver Harbour on the 10th ult. in distress. On the 6th she experienced a heavy gale in which she lost both masts. One man was killed and several wounded by the shifting of the cargo during the gale. The Lively has brought about 20 passengers; among them is Mr. L. K. Ryan of St. Johns; he left the schooner at Beaver Harbour, and came by land.
  Idem July 12 schooner Angelique St. John's, Nfld. 30 passengers
  Idem July 19 ship Brunswick Londonderry 231 passengers
    ". . . six ships with Passengers, were to sail shortly (from Londonderry) after the Brunswick."
  Idem July 26 ship Halifax Packet Londonderry 171 passengers
  Idem Aug. 2 ship Marcus Hill 53 days, Londonderry 250 passengers
  Idem Aug. 30 schooner Critic 28 days, St. John's Nfld. 36 passengers
  Idem Sept. 13 brig Mary 63 days, Dublin 88 passengers
      Amelia Coleraine, N. Ireland 84 passengers
      brig Hibernia 55 days, Londonderry 17 passengers
  Idem Oct. 18 schooner Union 105 days, Dublin "via Newfoundland" 65 passengers
  Idem Nov. 1 schooner Angelique 10 days, St. John's, Nfld. about 50 passengers, mostly labourers
    Several vessels were to sail from St. John's to Halifax shortly "with passengers"
  Idem Nov. 29 Sisters Burin, Nfld. 46 passengers
      schooner Elizabeth 21 days, St. John's, Nfld. 28 passengers
  PANS, Vol. 305, Doc. 121, Michael Tobin and Samuel Cunard to Dalhousie, Halifax, Feb. 9, 1818
"In the month of December last we were visited by above 300 Men, Women & Children from Newfoundland most of whom landed amongst us in a destitute State many of them being shipwrecked on their way here & had lost the Remains of what they may have saved from the fires of 7th & 21st Novem."
  Acadian Recorder Dec. 13 brig Comet Cork 30 passengers
  Idem - Jan. 3, 1818 - "A schooner from Newfoundland, from [for] Prince Edward Island, with 60 Passengers, was lost at Petit de Grate." This was probably the Argyle which, according to Peter DeLisle of Arichat (PANS, Vol. 329, Doc. 47), was wrecked near "Petit Degrat" in December 1817. The passengers & crew (64 in all) of the Argyle were given passage to Antigonish whence they probably made their own way to Halifax. ". . . another schooner from the same place with 30 passengers, [wrecked] on Antigonish Bar, about 3 weeks since ; 5 men perished."
"A schooner from Newfoundland with 120 passengers, for Halifax, has lately been wrecked on Green Island."
Scots: Acadian Recorder May 3 ship Protector Greenock a number of farmers and mechanics
  Idem July 5 brig Helen Kirkaldy, N. Britain 93 passengers
      brig Douglas 63 days, Aberdeen several passengers
  Idem July 12 ship Nancy 80 days, Leith 130 passengers
      brig Amity 25 days, Kirkness 125 passengers
    brig Traveller, bound from Leith to Halifax, foundered about May 23, Crew and 30 passengers saved and landed at Charlottetown, PEI.
  Idem Aug 30 brig Prompt 49 days, Leith, "bound for Quebec, with 60 passengers, — parted company several days since with four brigs for this place [Halifax] with passengers
  (When a ship was forced into Halifax for provisions or repairs, the fact seems to have been always noted in the shipping news. As this was not the case with the Prompt, it may be assumed that she entered Halifax to land sixty passengers. Other ships elsewhere did this.)
A "S. Ship" [sailingship?] Prompt, captain Cloverdale, arrived at Quebec July 6th 1817, 8 weeks from Greenock, with Mr.& Mrs. Munn, and 133 settlers. see Quebec arrival
  Idem Sept 13 brig Scotia Leith 120 passengers
  Idem October 4
Tuesday September 30 arr.:—the brig Jessie from Dumfries for St. Andrews [N.B.] anchored at the beach this evening with part of the crew and passengers of the ship Lantaro of Charleston S.C. which unfortunately foundered at sea on the 9th ult. The following persons were saved in the long boat:
Cabin passengers:— Messrs. Ainsley Hall, Wm. Hall, Wm. Weston, John C. Ross.
Steerage passengers:— Messrs. Duncan Darrock, John M'Eachern, Thomas M'Gregor, Peter Gaines.
Crew saved:— Benjamin Matthews, master. Hugh Livingston, John Smith 1st and 2nd mates. John Evans, carpenter. Wm. Morgan, steward. John Pollanick, John Picknel, James Clarke, James ?, John Riggings, seamen. John Bernard, Hector M'Pherson, apprentices. —Total 20.
Passengers lost in the ship:— L. M'Neal, wife and two children; Archibald M'Donald, wife and five children; Mr. Black and wife; Duncan M'Millen, his mother and sister; James Duncan; Mr. Murray, and one man name unknown; Ellison Castor, cook; W. Bradbury, seaman - Total 27 persons.
The captain and six of the seamen were put on board a schooner for Philadelphia.
  Idem Oct. 11 brig Prince Leopold 42 days, Leith 30 passengers
English: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1817 — 387 English
  Acadian Recorder July 5 ship Thomas 58 days, Bristol 30 to 40 passengers
  Idem Aug 23 Sunday August 17 arr:—ship Thomas, Bothwick, 58 days from London, put in here for provisions having on board 150 passengers - she cleared for St. Andrews but the passengers are all for the U.S.
  Idem Sept. 20 ship Hercules 56 days, London about 10 passengers
Sydney
Scots: PANS, Vol. 329, Doc. 109 July 23 Hope Greenock 161 passengers
  July 25 William Tell Greenock 221 passengers
  Acadian Recorder Aug. 2 "A ship and a brig" arrived at Sydney with "400 passengers, from the Orkney Islands." (this ship and brig no doubt were the Hope and William Tell, before mentioned). Another ship with 250 passengers was expected at Sydney from the same place.
Canso
Scots: Colin S. MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 "Ship William Tell came out to Canso, NS with settlers from Barra" in 1817
New Halifax-Annapolis Road
 

Disbanded Soldiers

J.S. Martell, op. cit. p.93 ff
More disbanded soldiers were placed along the projected Halifax-Annapolis Road in 1817. In April of the year, Surveyor-General Morris wrote to Captain Ross of Sherbrooke: "You may soon expect —Many Setlers [sic] Germans and Highlanders on your Road between Gold River and Annapolis . . . " In the same month Dalhousie asked Lord Bathurst for permission (received) to grant free land to about 50 Germans of the 7th Batt., 60th Regiment. Another military settlement on this road, Dalhousie, seems to have been started late in 1817.

St. Peter's
 

Disbanded Soldiers

PANS, Vol. 328, Doc. 31, John Luce to William Bruce, St. Peter's. June 17, 1817
"A party of the disbanded 104th Regt. arrived here, last Friday, from Quebec." 2 Sergeants, 12 Privates, 4 Women, 4 Children. Where would Lieutenant-Governor Ainslie allow them to settle? Writing some years later (PANS, Vol. 330, Doc. 104), Surveyor-General Crawley said that he knew of "but one Settlement that has the smallest claim to the title of Military" in Cape Breton, and that there were "four or five Soldiers obtained free Grants during the Administration of General Ainslie." Ainslie was Governor in 1817

Elsewhere
 

C.O. 217/99, Report of Surveyor-General Morris, enclosed in Dalhousie to Bathurst, Dec. 14, 1817
The Surveyor-General sressed the importance of preparing suitable lands for immigrants at "this interesting Crisis, when so many hundred Families of Emigrants are daily arriving in different parts of this Country, and desirous of being placed on Lands as near to the Public Roads, Harbours and Rivers, as possible . . ."

This may mean the scattering of immigrants after their landing, but more likely it means that we every reason to believe that they were arriving at various places. Although no specific records were found for Pictou in 1817, it is known that immigrants were arriving there.

Wednesday July 23 arr:— brig Endeavour, Scott, Jamaica 39 days to Mr. J.W. Morris; sch. Good Intent, Quebec 18 days; sch. Parker, Boyd, New York, 5 days, passenger A.W. Cochran Esq.; ship Veterlandslabe, Heserenkel from Antwerp, 68 days out, bound to Philadelphia with 283 passengers- put in here for provisions and water.

Saturday Aug. 30—The ship Lord Nelson with 230 passengers from Londonderry was wrecked on Sunday last at Port Mills near Shelburne - crew and passengers saved.

1818
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1818 — 1,637 Scots
  Acadian Recorder April 25 brig Louisa 24 days, Aberdeen 25 passengers
      brig Aimwell Aberdeen 33 passengers
  Idem May 16 brig Skeene 40 days, Leith 85 passengers
  Idem Aug. 29 Louisa Aberdeen 15 passengers
      Ann Leith 129 passengers
      British Queen Leith 131 passengers
Irish: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1818 — 559 Irish
  C.O. 217/101, p. 441
In a letter of May 30, 1818, W.H. Reed, HM Consul General for the Azores, stated that he had sent 51 shipwrecked Irish immigrants to Halifax on the British schooner Swift.
  Acadian Recorder June 13 Industry Newry 157 passengers
    The Industry some days later cleared for Philadelphia with 65 passengers
      Fame Waterford 103 passengers
  Idem July 11 brig Four Brothers Waterford 50 passengers
  Idem Sept. 5 brig Clyde Dublin 85 passengers
  Idem Oct. 10 brig Marinhull 9 days. Burin, Nfld. 22 settlers
      brig Fame "from Belfast, for this place, out 49 days, with 114 passengers, went on shore . . . at Cole Harbour.— Passengers and Crew saved."
  Idem Oct. 24 brig Martha 49 days, Newry 84 settlers
  Fishing vessel Triton, "Spoke, Saturday last, a brig from Dublin for this place with a number of passengers on board."
English: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1818 — 320 English
  Acadian Recorder July 11 schooner Lavinia 40 days, Plymouth 50 passengers
      schooner Speculator 42 days, Plymouth 62 passengers
  Idem Aug. 29 ship Thomas London 31 passengers
      brig Commerce London 12 passengers
      brig Mary Plymouth 38 passengers
Welsh: Acadian Recorder May 16 brig Fanny 42 days, Carmarthen, Wales 112 passengers
      Some of the Welsh passengers aboard the Fanny, are thought to have proceeded to the settlement of New Cambria (later "Welshtown,") Shelburne County. They departed Halifax aboard the schooner Two Brothers June 15, 1818 (see muster roll)
New Halifax-Annapolis Road
 

Disbanded Soldiers

J.S. Martell, op. cit. pp.99-100
More forner soldiers, mostly of the 98th (99th prior to 1816) Regt. disbanded in 1818, were placed on this road particularly at Dalhousie where 189 men were listed in the autumn of 1818. In the same year, a few soldiers from various units began the small settlements of Wellington at the Halifax end of the road.

Elsewhere
  No records have been found of immigration at Sydney or Pictou. The following item in the Acadian Recorder of march 28, 1818, may indicate that immigrants landed at Canso in that month: "The brig Endeavour, Scott, which arrived on Thursday, spoke a schooner on the 21st, from Belfast for Newfoundland, full of passengers, which afterwards put into Canso, after having been six weeks in the ice."
Another item in the Acadian Recorder of June 27, 1818, stated that a brig from the North of Ireland bound for New Brunswick with 200 passengers went ashore on June 14 near Yarmouth. The passengers were taken to that town where some of them may have stayed because their vessel had been "totally lost, and with her, the whole of the Passengers effects."
1819
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1819 — 974 Scots
  Acadian Recorder April 24 brig Louisa 30 days, Aberdeen passengers
  Idem May 1 brig Skeene 33 days, Leith 113 passengers
  see Quebec arrival for this ship , June 5th 1819
  Idem June 26 ship Agincourt Leith 135 passengers
  Idem July 17 brig Leopold 44 days, Leith 89 passengers
  Idem Aug. 28 brig Caledonia Greenock passengers
  Idem Sept. 4 brig Garland Leith 90 passenger
      brig Minerva Leith 47 passengers
Irish: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1819 — 912 Irish
  Acadian Recorder June 12 ship Halifax Packet 38 days, Londonderry 113 passengers
      Enterprise Dublin 103 passengers
    The ship Lord Gardner with passengers was to have sailed from Ireland for Halifax and New Brunswick on May 15, 1819
  Idem June 26 brig Sir John Cammeron Waterford 112 passengers
      brig Johns Kinsale 130 passengers
  Idem July 10 schooner Mary 21 days, St, John's, Nfld. several passengers
  Idem July 31 brig Frances-Ann 49 days, Londonderry 120 passengers
  Idem Sept. 11 brig Chatty Dublin 113 passengers
English: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1819 — 197 English
  Acadian Recorder Apr. 24 ship Northumberland London "14 days from the Isle of White" [sic] passengers
  Idem June 26 brig Integrity Workington 55 passengers
  Idem July 17 schooner Lavinia 17 days, Plymouth 32 passengers
  Idem Sept. 4 "The passengers on the brig Amelia, take this public method of expressing the high sense they entertain of Capt. King's polite and kind attention to them, during their passage from Liverpool, G.B. to this port. Halifax, Sept. 4th, 1819"
(This testimonial, noted by chance, is the only indication that the Amelia brought passengers to Halifax. The Amelia, in fact, is not even listed among arrivals. This is one instance of the incompleteness of the shipping lists published in the newspapers.)
Welsh: Acadian Recorder May 29 brig Fanny Caermarthen, Wales 94 passengers
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder Aug. 7 schooner Harriett Newell New York 6 steerage
  Idem Aug. 28 schooner Cherub Boston 7 steerage
      schooner Rambler Boston 4 steerage
  Idem Oct. 9 schooner Cherub Boston 6 steerage
      schooner Eliza & Nancy New York 3 steerage
Pictou
Scots: No lists were found of shipping at Pictou, only the casual reference in the Halifax Acadian Recorder.
  Acadian Recorder Aug 28 ship Speculator, Scotland, "with 150 Highland passengers; 23 were landed, and the remainder would go to Quebec in the ship." (Colin S. MacDonald, op. cit., p.45, records that in 1819 the "ship Speculation came out to Nova Scotia, sailing from Greenock with emigrants from Lochaber.")
(see Quebec arrival ship Speculation Sept. 12 1819)
  Idem Sept. 4 brig Louisa 31 days, Aberdeen 120 passengers
  Idem Oct. 16 Testimonial: "THE PASSENGERS in the ship Economy of Aberdeen from Tobermorry to Pictou, desire in this public manner to express their gratitude to captain James Fraser, the master, for the kind treatment they received from him during the passage, which consisted of five weeks. Two hundred and eighty-five souls embarked at Tobermorry, and were landed in good health and spirits, together with four children born upon the passage.                     Pictou, October 4, 1819."
  Idem Oct. 30, 1819 ; May 5, 1821
schooner Ann, Cromarty, "about 60 Emigrants." Later it was stated that the number was 79.
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Victory, "settlers from Canna."
Elsewhere
  In the winter of 1820, Surveyor-General Morris recommended an accurate survey of the forest lands of the province so that they could be divided into "regular alotments for the immediate Reception of the many hundreds of hardy Emigrants arrived and continually landing upon our Coast and too many of them Wandering without a home or place of Rest—& for want of the neccessary Aid and encouragement seeking an Asylum in a foreign Country." (PANS, Vol. 306, Doc. 60)
  Acadian Recorder July 31 brig Mermaid, Dublin, "73 passengers" went ashore near Cape Negro on July 16. Passengers and Crew saved.
1820
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1820 — 803 Scots
  Acadian Recorder June 3 brig Manchester Leith 26 passenger
  Idem Oct. 7 brig Recovery Greenock 14 in steerage
Irish: Acadian Recorder June 3 brig Oliphit Belfast 43 passengers
  Idem Sept. 16 brig Frances & Lucy 45 days, Londonderry passengers
English: Acadian Recorder June 24 brig Wharton 53 days, London passengers
  Idem Aug. 5 brig Alice 49 days, London passengers
  Idem Oct. 14 Fame Liverpool passengers
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder Mar. 11 schooner Victory Boston 4 in steerage
      (The Victory, General Greene, and Cherub were regular Halifax and Boston packets in 1820)
Pictou
Scots: PANS, Vol. 229, Doc. 34, George Smith to R.D. George (Provincial Secretary), Pictou, June 30, 1820
Pictou was the landing place for immigrants settling in Pictou, Colchester and Cumberland.
". . .they are the most useful description of Settlers that come here mostly from Scotland—with a determination to settle immediately . . ."
St. Anns, C.B.
Scots: PANS, Vol. 334, Doc. 34, October 26, 1820
List of 15 Scots who with their familes totalled 78 people who had "lately Arrived at St. Anns"
St. Peter's, C.B.
Scots: PANS, Vol. 334, Doc. 48, Laurence Kavanagh to R.D. George, St. Peter's, January 10, 1821
Kavanagh wrote that in obedience to the commands given by Lt. Gov. Kempt in December, 1820, he had distributed Indian Meal among "the poor emigrants lately from Scotland."
1821
Halifax
Irish: Acadian Recorder May 19 brig Rob Roy 31 days, Belfast 139 Emigrants
  Idem May 26 brig Amicus 43 days, Cork 98 emigrants
  PANS, Vol. 230, Doc. 132, Sir Charles Hamilton to Sir James Kempt, Fort Townshend, St. John's, Nfld., December 8, 1821
Immigrants (mostly Irish) were evidently still coming into Halifax from Newfoundland. This letter explains:
"I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's Letter of 24th October transmitting a Copy of a Representation made to you by the Magistrates and Commissioners of the Poor for the town of Halifax, on the subject of the removal of poor people from Newfoundland to the province of Nova Scotia; and in reply to acquaint Your Excellency that a very Considerable Number of the people who are employed in the fisheries of this Island are unable to obtain employment here in the Winter and are neccessitated to remove elsewhere. This year it is more eminently the Case from the general failure of the fishery throughout the Island—but aware of the increased burden it must bring on the Community of Nova Scotia, whose humane consideration for those unfortunate people has on many occasions been conspicuous, I have discouraged as far as possible, and shall continue so to do, their removal to Nova Scotia—and have not except in a very few Instances where proof has been laid before me of ability to provide for themselves, granted passes, without which document the Master of the Vessel is liable to a penalty of £200—by the 15 Geo 3 Cap 31 Sec 12 for conveying to the continent of America any person of the description above mentioned, which by the 33rd Section of the same Act I presume may be recovered by the Vice Admiralty Court at Halifax. Your Excellency will be aware that Vessels may sail from the Out Ports of this Island with passengers without my knowledge or control, and the offence against the Act can only be complete on their arrival in the Colony on the Continent."
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1821 — 803 Scots
  Acadian Recorder May 12 brig Louisa 43 days, Aberdeen 9 steerage
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Tamarlin "arrived at Halifax" in 1821
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder July 14 schooner Victory Boston 3 steerage
  Idem Oct. 27 schooner Cherub 4 days, Boston a number in the steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1821 — 276 Scots
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 In 1821, the ship Harmony "sailed from Barra and arrived at Sydney, Nova Scotia, with 350 settlers from Barra."
Pictou
Scots: Acadian Recorder May 12 brig Thompson Packet 30 days, Dumfries 80 passengers
  Montreal Gazette Oct 31 brig Thistle Capt. Allen Tobermory 22nd Aug 55 passengers
      Thistle arrived at Pictou 22nd September and continued to Quebec with 45 passengers, arriving 18th October
1822
Halifax
Irish: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1822 — 74 Irish
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1822 — 42 Scots
English: Acadian Recorder May 25 ship Frindsbury 42 days, London 11 steerage
Passengers from British North American Colonies
  Acadian Recorder July 27 schooner Good Intent 17 days, Miramichi 50 passengers
Pictou
Scots: Acadian Recorder June 15 brig Union 48 days, Greenock 14 passengers
      brig Thompson's Packet 35 days, Dumfries 133 passengers
English: Acadian Recorder June 15 brig Mary 52 days, Whitehaven 39 passengers
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1822 — 181 Scots
Plaster Rock
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Commerce, Tobermory, "settlers from Muck"
1823
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1823 — 403 Scots
Irish: Acadian Recorder Nov 29—Some Irish and others were probably coming in from Newfoundland. In the Acadian Recorder of this date it is noted that two ships, the schooner St. John's Packet and the schooner Mayflower, bound from Newfoundland to Halifax, with passengers, were wrecked, the first off Newfoundland and the other off Cape Breton. Only three people lost their lives.
Elsewhere
Irish: The Connaught Journal, Galway, 28 August 1823—The Hope, from Belfast, with passengers, &c., for St. John, was lost on Sable Island, on the 2nd June, when the following persons were drowned: John McRannell, parish of Killead, seaman; Eliza Williamson, from Belfast; and Margaret and Jane Moorhead, of Monaghan, passengers. There were 155 passengers on board.
1824
Halifax
English: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1824 — 106 English
  Acadian Recorder Jul 17 brig Trafalger Liverpool 5 in steerage
Irish: Acadian Recorder July 24 packet schooner Brothers 11 days, St. John's, Nfld. 3 in the steerage
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder July 17 schooner Billow Boston 6 steerage
  Idem July 24 packet schooner George Henry 6 days, Boston 6 steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1824 — 215 Scots
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Dunlop, with 96 settlers | see report of ships' Quebec arrival
Pictou
English: Acadian Recorder June 12 brig Enterprise 59 days, Liverpool a number in steerage
Barrington
Irish: Acadian Recorder Sept. 4 ship Elizabeth, bound from Sligo to St. John, N.B., "112 passengers," struck ledge near Cape Sable. Ship disabled and towed in Barrington. Some of the passengers may have stayed in Nova Scotia.
1825
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1825 — 92 Scots
Irish: Acadian Recorder June 4 schooner Brothers 9 days, St. John's, Nfld. 16 steerage passengers
  Idem July 23 brig Resolution 34 days, Dublin 34 passengers
English: Acadian Recorder Oct. 1 brig Louisa 40 days, Liverpool 2 steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1825 — 429 Scots
1826
Halifax
Irish: Acadian Recorder May 20 ship Rubicon 28 days, Waterford 150 passengers
  Idem June 3 brig Thomas 35 days, Waterford 91 passengers
  Idem June 10 ship Nassau, wrecked on Sable Island. The schooner Two Brothers arrived at Halifax with "95 of the survivors from the ship Nassau." From "20 to 30" still remained on the Island. A letter from R.D. George to Thomas G. Pyke on June 10, 1826 (PANS, Inland Letter Books) indicates that these were Irishmen. On the application of the magistrates and other gentlemen of Halifax, Lieutenant-Governor Kempt agreed to grant £100 for the relief of "the destitute state of Irish Emigrants who were lately shipwrecked on the Isle of Sable."
  Idem June 17 schooner Mary, Sable Island, with the remainder of the crew and passengers of the ship Nassau."
  note: the ship Nassau, Captain Kenny, was bound from Dublin to Quebec with about 140 passengers. See the 1826 Quebec newspaper reports here . . and . . here.
  Idem June 24 brig Maria 31 days, Cork 27 in steerage
      sloop Acadia, bound from St. John's, Nfld., to Halifax, with "a number of passengers," struck on a rock near Canso Light. Towed to safety. "Some of the passengers" arrived at Halifax in the Eliza.
  Idem July 22 brig Albion 32 days, Cork 47 passengers
  Idem July 29 brig Nancy 45 days, Dublin 116 passengers
  Idem Oct. 21 schooner Mary 20 days, St. John's, Nfld. 31 passengers
  Idem Nov 25 brig Admiral Lake 15 days, St. John's, Nfld. 13 in steerage
      schooner William Hunter 10 days, St. John's, Nfld. 53 in steerage
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder July 22 "In the Packet from New York"—several in the steerage
  Idem Sept 9 schooner Billow 5 days, Boston 5 in steerage
  Idem Nov. 4 brig James 6 days, Philadelphia 3 in steerage
English: Acadian Recorder Oct. 28 brig Aurora 33 days, London several in steerage
Scots: Acadian Recorder May 13 brig Mercator 42 days, Greenock 2 steerage
Liverpool
Irish: Acadian Recorder Nov. 25 brig Caledonia St. Johns, Nfld. 84 in steerage
Pictou
Irish: Acadian Recorder July 15 brig Hopewell Belfast passengers
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1826 — 342 Scots
  Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Tamarlin, "passengers from North Morar"
Canso
Scots: The Canadian Courant, Quebec, reports that the bark Cadmus, Captain Snowden, sailed from Tobermory on the 9th August, and arrived at Quebec on October 1st 1826, after having landed her passengers [number and date not noted] at the Gut of Canso.
McNab's, C.B.
Scots: PANS, Vol. 335, Doc. 64, Charles McNab to Sir James Kempt, McNab's, September 28, 1826
"About four hundred emigrants from the Hebrides lately arrived at this Island are now in the lake, and it is said that two more vessels with an equal number are daily expected . . ."
Elsewhere
Scots: Colin S. MacDonald, op. cit. p.45
ship Northumberland, Greenock, landed passengers from the Hebrides at St. Andrew's, N.B. "Many of the settlers removed later on to Inverness County, N.S."
ships Highland Lad and Dove of Harmony "arrived at Nova Scotia this year."
  C.O. 217/146, Sir James Kempt to Wilmot Horton, September 14, 1826
Of late years, immigrants had not been coming to the peninsula in very considerable numbers, but Scots, mostly from the Western Islands, had continued to arrive in steady numbers at Cape Breton. In 1826, nearly 500 of them had come to Cape Breton at their own expense. They landed at Sydney, Ship Harbour, and other places, and immediately disappeared in search of their friends and unoccupied land.
1827
Halifax
Irish: Novascotian May 3 barque Liberty 21 days, Waterford 127 passengers
      "Two other ships [from Waterford] were to follow, with passengers for this Port, [Halifax]."
  Idem June 7 brig Cherub 37 days, Waterford 200 passengers
      "the ship Boliver, with 400 passengers was to sail [from Waterford] next day, and a second ship with the same number to sail about the 10th April."
  Idem June 14 ship Boliver 40 days, Waterford 350 passengers
  Idem June 21 ship Letitia 48 days, Dublin 210 passengers
  Idem June 28 "A brig from Derry, Ireland, bound to St. John, N.B. with Passengers, put into Shelburne last week, and landed a number there, some of whom arrived here [Halifax] on Sunday night last,—others we understand are on their way."
  Idem July 5 ship Cumberland 43 days, Waterford 350 passengers
  PANS, Vol. 307, Doc. 124, Sir James Kempt to Lord Goderich, September 7, 1827
"There arrived this day in the brig James from Waterford One Hundred and twenty Passengers of the most wretched description, all of whom, as well as the whole Crew . . . are labouring under Typhus Fever. One hundred and sixty embarked in Ireland—five died at Sea,—and the Vessel being obliged to put into St. John's, Newfoundland for Medical Assistance and Provisions, thirty-five were left behind there too ill to proceed."
The Novascotian (Sept. 13, 1827) reported that the James came from Belfast and had 130 immigrants. The Acadian Recorder (Sept. 8, 1827) was apparently referring to the same ship in the following note: "The brig Fame, arrived yesterday from Newfoundland—crew and passengers to the number of 130 ill of Typhus Fever."
  Novascotian Sept. 13 Government brig Forte, 4½ days. St. John's, Nfld., "forty masons (with their familes) for the [Shubenacadie] Canal."
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1827 — 205 Scots
  Acadian Recorder May 5 brig Aberdeenshire 54 days, Aberdeen 23 passengers
      brig Mercator 29 days, Greenock 18 passengers
  Idem Sept. 8 brig Corsair 29 days, Greenock 80 passengers
English: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1827 — 8 English
  Novascotian May 3 Adelphi 25 days, Liverpool 2 steerage
Passengers from British North American Colonies
  Acadian Recorder Aug. 11 schooner Experiment 13 days, Quebec 6 passengers
  Novascotian Sept. 6 schooner Greyhound Miramichi 31 passengers
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder June 9 schooner Billow 4 days, Boston 3 in steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1827 — 944 Scots
  Novascotian, September 13, 1827
"Seven hundred emigrants were to embark in the end of July at Tobermory, destined for the Island of Cape Breton. 600 emigrated from the same place last year, and it is stated that 1000 more individuals have 'determined to follow their friends and relations to their transatlantic settlement next year'."
  PANS, Vol. 307, Doc. 126, John Whyte, Surgeon, to R.D. George, Sydney, December 19, 1827
" . . . I find that the brig Stephen Wright, of Newcastle which performed Quarantine in this port during the past season [September] had on board 170 passengers [from Tobermory] More than one third of whom were afflicted with Small Pox, and many now with Dysentery and other diseases—that during the passage 3 deaths occurred, while in port 10, and 2 after landing . . .
" . . . the ship Harmony of Whitehaven also arrived at a neighbouring port in August last having taken on board at Leith & Stornoway above 200 Emigrants, 13 of whom died on the passage—5 were dead on board & 22 were cut off after landing on an uninhabited Spot by Measles—Dysentery and Starvation.
"The Cause of such dire fatality, can, I imagine, be readily traced to the confined, crowded & filthy state of the vessels—the quantity & quality of food in the case of one of them at least the scarcity of water. It was stated here by the Captains of the Vessels that a very extensive emigration was contemplated in the ensuing Spring & that 10 to 15 vessels belonging to the Owners of the Stephen Wright had been chartered to convey these poor Creatures from the Highlands & Islands of Scotland to meet famine, disease and death on the shores of Cape Breton."
Scots & Irish: Acadian Recorder Dec. 1 "Sydney, Cape Breton, October 23 . . . several vessels have arrived this season from Scotland and Ireland with passengers."
  Montreal Gazette Sept. 20 bark Queen, Captain Heath, from Limerick 6th August, arrived at Quebec Sept. 16th with 74 settlers | landed 24 settlers at Sydney, C.B.
St. Andrew's Channel, C.B.
Scots: PANS, Vol. 336, Doc. 22, May 2, 1828
Petition of twenty-four families (127 persons) "from Scotland" who had arrived in Cape Breton "during the last Autumn." They ask the Government for provisions to hold them over to the harvest of 1828.
Port Hastings
Scots: Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Aurora, "passengers from Edinburgh"
Pictou
English: Acadian Recorder June 16 brig Margaret, Liverpool, "with 85 Miners and all the necessary Engines, and Machinery to work the Mines of this place." The Novascotian (June 14, 1827) had the same item but states there were "35 Miners."
  Novascotian Oct. 4 "A vessel was about being taken up at Liverpool, 24th August, to carry to Pictou, forty workmen and materials for the Mining Company."
  Idem Oct. 18 Mary, Liverpool, "with men and machinery, to the Mining Company . . ."
1828
Halifax
Irish: Acadian Recorder May 31 brig Saltern's Rock 35 days, Cork 80 passengers
      (The Novascotian May 29, 1828 gives "70 passengers.")
  Montreal Gazette July 04 Halifax, June 4th.— The Saltern Rock, which arrived here last week from Belfast, brought 75 passengers, and gave bonds against their becoming chargeable to the Province.
Yesterday, the brig Dale arrived in 30 days from Dublin, bringing 100 passengers. She was boarded the Health Officer, and ordered to come to anchor under the guns of the fort until the necessary bonds were given.
The law requiring bonds to be given was passed at the last session of the Halifax Leglislature.
  Acadian Recorder June 7 brig Dale 30 days, Dublin 100 passengers
  Idem—Aug. 2, 1828:-
H.M.S. Tyne—with 152 men, women and children (including 10 of the crew and the mate) saved from the brig Dispatch, bound from Londonderry to Quebec, wrecked off Newfoundland. "The whole of these unfortunate people, we learn, were in comfortable circumstances, one of whom, a Scotchman, had property to the amount of £500 on board, and he is now left with a family of 13 children, entirely destitute; indeed all that any of them have saved are a few clothes which were washed on shore."
(see wreck report & list of passengers)
  Novascotian—Sept. 18, 1828:-
brig Henry Arnot, 52 days, Rio de Janeiro, "with 233 passengers (men, women and children)—these unfortunate people are part of the 2000, some of whom have arrived at New Brunswick"
"From New Brunswick Papers, received by yesterday's Stage, it appears that a subscription has been set on foot for the relief of the Irish Emigrants who have arrived at that port [St. John] from Brazil . . ."
  see additional news item about their settlement at St. John
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1828 — 142 Scots
  Acadian Recorder April 26 barque Isabella 48 days, Greenock 4 "spinners" for Messrs. Piers' Rope Walk
  Novascotian June 26 brig Mercator 30 days, Greenock 12 in steerage
  Idem Sept. 4 brig Aberdeenshire 28 days, Aberdeen 8 in steerage
  Idem Sept. 25 ship Isabella 28 days, Greenock several in steerage
English: Novascotian May 22 ship Atlantic 32 days. Liverpool 5 in steerage
  Idem Aug. 21 brig Penelope 60 days, Liverpool 79 passengers
  Acadian Recorder Nov. 22 ship Halifax 32 days, Liverpool 7 in steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1828 — 2,413 Scots
They were from "the Western parts of Scotland." (PANS,. Vol. 336, Doc. 75, Magistrates of Sydney to Lt. Gov. Maitland, February 16, 1829.)
  Acadian Recorder July 12 "Port of Sydney, June 26 . . ."
ship Universe, Stornoway, 464 passengers
brig Ann, Stornoway, 269 passengers
"Two other vessels were to leave Scotland with Passengers for the Bras'dore Lake shortly after the Universe sailed; such were the crowded state of the Passengers in the Universe, that six families were obliged to live in the long boat during the whole voyage."
  PANS, Vol. 336, Doc. 48, John G. Marshall to R.D. George, Sydney, September 9, 1828
brig Two Sisters, Greenock, arrived at Sydney on Sept. 7, 1828, "with about 160 Scotch passengers, Several of whom are now under the Small-pox."
Idem— Doc.56 - brig Mary, Stornoway, 135 Emigrants ; brig Commerce, Immigrants.
  Acadian Recorder Oct. 18 "1480 Passengers arrived at Sydney, Cape Breton, between 6th August and 8th September. 2500 have landed in the Island since the first of June.
Irish: C.O. 217/143, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1828 — 90 Irish
Ship Harbour (Port Hawkesbury)
Scots: Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ; J.L. MacDougall, History of Inverness County, p. 126
ship St. Lawrence, Tobermory, 208 passengers                                         (Saint Lawrence Passenger List)
Pictou
Scots: Colonial Patriot May 14 brig Thetis Greenock 30 steerage pass.
  Idem June 4 brig Caroline 30 days, Fort William 36 passengers
English: Colonial Patriot May 14 brig Maria Liverpool eight artificers for the mines
  Idem Aug. 6 brig Thomas Battersby 51 days, Liverpool Miners and machinery for the Albion Mining Co.
1829
Halifax
Scots: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1829 — 218 Scots
  Novascotian April 23 brig Albion 35 days, Aberdeen 18 in steerage
  Idem Sept. 3 brig Aberdeenshire 38 days, Aberdeen 27 passengers
Irish: PANS, Vol. 238, Doc. 27, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Halifax, 1829 — 138 Irish
  Novascotian Nov. 6 1828

"Notice to Irish Immigrants"

PERSONS wanting their Friends out to this Country, from the Counties of CORK, LIMERICK, and KERRY, are informed that a large vessel of the first class, will sail from Tralee for St. John, New Brunswick and Halifax, on or about the 1st of April next [1829]. Persons wishing to avail themselves of this desirable opportunity, will please make early application for particulars of passage &c. &c. &c. to

T.&E. KENNY
Halifax, Ocober 29, 1828

  Acadian Recorder Dec. 5 brig Gleaner 6 days, St. John's, Nfld. passengers
Passengers from the United States
  Acadian Recorder May 9 brig George Henry 6 days, Boston 1 steerage
  Idem June 20 brig James 5 days, Boston 4 steerage
  Idem Nov. 14 brig James 4 days, Boston 6 steerage
  Idem Dec. 5 brig James 55 hours, Boston 6 steerage
English: Novascotian May 21 brig Ovington 45 days, London 6 steerage
Passengers from British North American Colonies
  Acadian Recorder June 27 brig Ambassador 11 days, Quebec 2 steerage
Sydney
Scots: C.O. 217/152, p. 413, Customs Returns of Immigrants at Sydney, 1829 — 719 Scots
  PANS, Vol. 336, Doc. 90, C.E. Leonard & T.H. Clarke, J.P.'s to R.D. George, Sydney, May 26, 1829
brig Louisa, Stornoway, "170 Emigrants (Seventy of whom have proceeded to P.E. Island) . . ."
Arichat
Scots: Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Thetis, Greenock, settlers
Cape Breton
Scots: Colin MacDonald, op. cit. p.45 ship Mary Kennedy, "from Skye to Cape Breton and then to Prince Edward Island, with 84 heads of families . . ."
Pictou
Scots: Colonial Patriot May 20 schooner Mermaid, Arichat, with passengers from the Thetis, from Greenock, wrecked off Cape Breton—"no lives lost."
  Idem July 8 brig Hero Greenock 157 passengers
  Idem July 22 brig Nero Greenock passengers
Irish: Colonial Patriot May 20 ship Marchioness of Donegal 28 days, Belfast 42 passengers

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