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Duchess of Northumberland | Sarah

New South Wales

Duchess of Northumberland, 1835 correspondence and passenger list

From British Parliamentary Papers, 1836 XL (461), Correspondence Respecting Emigration

Extract of a despatch from Major-General Sir Richard Bourke to the Secretary of State for the Colonies; dated Government House, Sydney, 8 May 1835.

"Since I had last the honour of addressing His Majesty's Government on the subject of emigration, the ship 'Duchess of Northumberland,' announced by Mr. Hay's letter of the 30th September, and by Mr. Secretary Spring Rice's Despatch, No. 35, of 1st November last, has arrived in Port Jackson with 226 female emigrants. I have directed the several payments required by these communications to be made to the commander of the Duchess of Northumberland, and into the military chest, from the colonial funds applicable to emigration. In conformity also to the instruction contained in Mr. Secretary Rice's Despatch, No. 27, of 10th September 1834, I have caused to be prepared the Report herewith transmitted, showing in what manner each of the females has disposed of herself on landing. With respect to the annual repetition of this report, so as to follow up the future history of the emigrant, I beg leave to represent the impossibility of meeting the wishes of His Majesty's Government without a laborious and expensive scrutiny, which can never, I am persuaded, have been contemplated in giving the instructions. It would be necessary to appoint persons for the special purpose of tracing the emigrants in their various shifting engagements among the 35,000 persons who form the free population of this colony scattered over many hundreds of square miles. Their own voluntary statements might indeed be invited by public advertisement, but the parties likely to answer such a call would be equally disposed to communicate with their friends through private channels, whilst the deficiency of the return with respect to others, might add to the anxiety of their friends as to their fate, or excite unfounded suspicion of their conduct. On these grounds, I will venture to limit the return to the first engagements of the women, unless I receive your authority to incur the expense necessary for the preparation of the subsequent Reports.

"In addition to the facts appearing from the Return herewith sent, I have the satisfaction of stating, with regard to the young women by the 'Duchess of Northumberland,' that they have been represented by the colonial treasurer, Mr. Riddell, (who superintended their disposal, and whose opinion is confirmed by others who have had opportunities of observing them,) to be most virtuous and best adapted for the colony that have hitherto arrived under similar circumstances. 'In consequence,' Mr. Riddell continues, 'the greatest care has been taken in selecting good situations for them. No publican has been allowed to hire one till after it has been explained to the girl about to be hired what sort of a place she was likely to be in, and I only know of one who hired with a publican after such a warning.'

"Two of the women were the wives of soldiers, and four of them those of convicts. This I presume could not have been intended, and that some imposition must have been practised to obtain a passage for these persons. The former are the wives of soldiers of the 21st regiment, named Coin and Hartnan, stationed in Van Diemen's Land. The names and description of the latter will be found appended to the letter of the principal superintendent of convicts, of which a copy is transmitted; and as great distress is often occasioned to the wives of convicts arriving here before the law allows of such indulgence to their husbands as will enable them to support a family, I trust that particular caution will be used by those who may hereafter superintend the selection of emigrants in the exclusion of women thus circumstanced, more especially as they may be brought out at the public expense as soon as is consistent with their own welfare, under regulations which have been long established.

"I take this opportunity of entering upon other matters connected with female emigration, to which my attention is called by the despatch before referred to, of the 10th September last, No. 27. Adverting to the communication from the London committee, therewith transmitted, dated the 12th September I beg leave now to supply in the margin the name of the soldier's wife referred to in my despatch, No. 27 [Elizabeth Connaughton, wife of a soldier of the 21st Regiment Royal N.B. Fusiliers] of the 20th March 1834. It would not have been before omitted had I intended to give the committee the trouble of investigating a case for which there was probably no remedy. My only object in that and subsequent communications has been to induce more caution in the future selection of emigrants. I am fully satisfied that the best exertions of the committee are directed towards the successful accomplishment of their benevolent designs; but I am also aware, that from the very nature of their undertaking, they are liable to be deceived, and that they have been imposed upon is sufficiently proved by the description and conduct of many of the women whom they have sent out.

"I am further called on to reply to the observations in that despatch on the reports current in England regarding the treatment of the emigrants on their arrival in this colony. It is said they were 'placed in the lumber-yard, at that time stated to be in very bad repair;' and it is added, 'that the provisions served out to them were of the worst description, and that no attention whatever was paid to their comforts.'

"In reply to this statement, I beg leave to remark that in this colony there are very few public buildings which are not constantly required for the purposes for which they have been appropriated; and that to find accommodation of any sort for between 200 or 300 women in Sydney is a matter of some difficulty. The lumber-yard buildings were those which offered the greatest conveniences for the reception of the emigrants, and the intercourse which they required to keep up with the inhabitants in order to procure engagements. The inclosure of its walls at the same time afforded to those who were desirous of it some protection from the rudeness of ill-disposed persons. The apartments, though out of order, were safe, and furnished with the most needful articles for taking food and rest, and generally, I believe, superior in such accommodation to the ship the women had just left, and to the dwellings of many of them in the countries of their birth. There were also amongst them some who had been probably accustomed to better lodging and better fare that was provided them; but there had been no distinction made of cabin or rations during the voyage, and it would only have added to the dissatisfaction of the majority to have commenced it on landing. The complaint of badness of provisions is wholly without foundation, and the ration, composed as is stated in the margin, will probably be considered as furnishing not only what is required for mere sustenance, but for some degree of comfort.

(Margin Notation)

Military Bread 1¼lbs.
Fresh Beef 12 oz.
Vegetables 8 oz.
Tea ¼oz.
Sugar 1½ oz.
Salt ½ oz.
Soap ¼ oz.

"Upon the whole, therefore, I cannot admit that the female emigrants have met with any neglect from this Government.

"Their wants on landing have been provided for in the humble way to which most of them had been accustomed. Their engagements in proper families have been facilitated as far as circumstances permitted. The women are, however, free agents, and those who seek to employ them, whether for good or evil, are in no way under the control of the Government. Advice and persuasion are the only means which those who interest themselves in the fate of these females have been able to adopt for their benefit, and it is probably that in many cases these means have been ineffectual."


(Enclosure.)

No. 1. New South Wales - Letter from C.D. Riddell.

Sydney, 24 March 1835.
Sir,

I have the honour to report, for the information of his Excellency the Govenor, that in somewhat less than three weeks about 200 of the females who arrived by the Duchess of Northumberland have been provided for in the colony; of the 47 who remained in the bazaar yesterday, 20 consisted of families who emigrated in that ship, of whom the Bulgers, consisting of eight in number, have been engaged by Mr. Kemmis of O'Connell Plains, and are waiting for a conveyance to proceed to their destination. Mrs. Coin and her child and Mrs. Hartnan and her child are, wives and children of soldiers in Van Dieman's Land in the 21st regiment, so that 12 out of the 20 may be considered as provided for.

Of the remaining eight, five are the family of Clunes, not yet provided with a place, and three are the family of Marsden, consisting of Mrs. Marsden and two children, of whom one, a child of about five years old, is blind.

With respect to Mrs. Marsden, I have to state that she is the wife of John Marsden, my assigned servant, who has been in the colony about two years, and has conducted himself with the greatest propriety. She paid her own passage. Her two eldest daughters received Government assistance, and have gotten places in the colony.

Her conduct was so exemplary on board, that upon the superintendent and his wife finally declining to embark at Cork, she was constituted the matron, and has acted in that capacity ever since.

Both Captain Joblin and Dr. Eckford, the captain and surgeon of the Duchess of Northumberland, give her the highest character; and certainly the orderly behaviour of the young women on board and since they were landed is to be attributed greatly to the kindness and attention of Mrs. Marsden.

Of the young women who remain, about 17 or 18 are still looking out for places, and about nine have returned to the bazaar, being obliged, from illness, to give up the situations they had obtained.

I beg to add my testimony to that of others in favour of these emigrants, who may be considered in every point of view as the most virtuous and best adapted for the colony which hae as yet been sent from any part of the British dominions.

In consequence the greatest care has been taken in selecting good and eligible situations for them.

No publican has been allowed to hire one till after it has been explained to the girl about to be hired what sort of a place she is likely to be in; and I only know of one who hired with a publican after such warning.

Besides publicans, others have been excluded from the bazaar, who were known to be of indifferent reputation, or who were not know to those in charge.

I understand that a certain sum of about 10l. Will be paid to Mrs. Marsden, in consideration of her taking charge as matron. But I should also hope that his Excellency will be pleased to take her case into consideration. She is very well adapted to take charge of a school, in which capacity she would not be obliged to part with her two youngest children. Her eldest daughter has received a good education, and wold be of great service to her mother: she is at present at Colonel Mackenzie's at Glenfield.

I have, &c.
(signed) C.D. Riddel

The Hon. the Colonial Secretary.


(Enclosure.)

SHIP Duchess of Northumberland, with Female Emigrants from Ireland.

On the arrival of this ship extensive premises for the reception and accommodation of the emigrants until they could obtain situations were hired, at an expense of 20l. per week, and bedding, provisions, cooking utensils and fuel were supplied to them by the government. The following is the daily ration with which they were supplied; viz.

Military Bread 1¼lbs.
Fresh Beef 12 oz.
Vegetables 8 oz.
Tea ¼oz.
Sugar 1½ oz.
Salt ½ oz.
Soap ¼ oz.

A respectable person was appointed to the charge of the premises appropriated to their use, and to carry into effect the arrangements made for their accommodation. A committee of ladies was formed to assist them in obtaining suitable situations, in which object the committee was aided by the attendance and advice of the colonial secretary, the colonial treasurer and the collector of internal revenue; and every possible care was taken to prevent the females from going into the service of improper persons.

The appearance of these emigrants on their landing created a favourable impression, as they seemed to be better suited to fill situations as servants than the females who had arrived by former ships; and the greater portion of them wee engaged by reputable householders within a few days after their disembarkation. How far they have answered the expectation formed of them cannot at present be stated with certainty, but such information as can be obtained relating to their conduct and usefulness as servants will hereafter be communicated.

The annexed Return will show how each individual female has been disposed of, and the rate of yearly wages for which she has engaged.

The servants mostly in requisition in this colony are general house servants, who will also undertake washing and laundry work or plain cooking, and girls to take care of children and perform needle-work, although the latter would perhaps be more acceptable if they could be obtained from the families of emigrant labourers of good character. Country servants are not much inquired for by the settlers on the present occasion; but this was perhaps not so much owing to their not needing them, as to the small expectation they had of obtaining serviceable women of this description, owing to the character of females sent out in former ships, and their objections to quit Sydney.

(signed) Alex. W. Leay.
Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney,
New South Wales, 7 May 1835.

Duchess of Northumberland to Australia, 1835

Return of Emigrants from Ireland to New South Wales, by the ship "Duchess of Northumberland," which arrived in Port Jackson on the 27th February 1835.

No. Name Age To Whom Engaged In what Capacity Engaged Wages

£ s. d.

Name Residence
1 Alexander, Catherine 15 at lodgings with Mrs Marsden, No. 153 of this List     
2 Allen, Ellen 20 Major Elrington St Vincent house servant 10 - -
3 Brennan, Mary 16 Mrs M'Donald -- Pitt Town, near Windsor ditto 8 - -
4 Byrne, Mary 19 E. Thomson, esq. Darlinghurst, Sydney ditto 8 - -
5 Brett, Mary 19 Mrs White Sydney ditto 10 - -
6 Beatty, Ann 17 Mr Watt Bathurst ditto 9 - -
7 Burke, Mary 20 Mr Girard Sydney ditto 8 - -
8 Burke, Ann 18 Mr Graham ditto ditto 10 10 -
9 Bognell, Jane 22 Rev Mr Mears Pitt Town house servant and nursemaid 9 - -
10 Burke, Margaret 20 Mrs Berry - North Shore, near Sydney needlewoman 8 - -
11 Burke, Honora 16 Mrs Jones Sydney house servant 8 - -
12 Byle, or Reilly, Bridget 24 Mrs Evans Albion Hotel, Sydney cook 12 - -
13 Bowes, Margaret 16 Mrs Oliver Sydney needlewoman 10 - -
14 Bulger, Mary 30 - John Bulger, a prisoner, the relative of this family, is the assigned servant of Mr Kemmis, of Bathurst. They are at present provided with lodgings in Sydney.
15 Bulger, Catherine 18
16 Bulger, Mary 16
17 Bulger, Ellen 14
18 Bulger, Betty 10
19 Bulger, Biddy 6
20 Bulger, John 2
21 Bulger, Simon 20
22 Bethel, Susan 18 Mr Foster Sydney -------- 8 - -
23 Brian, Ann 16 Mr Sullivan ditto nursemaid 10 - -
24 Brian, Catherine 20 Mr Adnum ditto ditto 6 - -
25 Brown, Mary 17 Mrs Lowe Bringelly laundress 10 - -
26 Buckley, Catherine 18 Mrs Ellis Sydney house servant 8 - -
27 Barratt, Mary 18 Mrs Bigg Sydney ditto 12 - -
28 Bethel, Ann 17 Mrs Foster ditto ---------- 12 - -
29 Crowley, Catherine 21 Colonel Morrisset Paramatta nursemaid 10 10 -
30 Creighton, Margaret 20 ditto ditto ditto 10 10 -
31 Carey, Margaret 19 Mrs Tompson Sydney house servant 8 - -
32 Cosgrove, or Cash, Margaret 26 -- Her husband an assigned servant on the estate of the late Mr Redford, Campbelltown.
33 Caffrey, Ann 16 Captain Walker Sydney house servant 10 - -
34 Carroll, Bridget 24 Mrs Dickson ditto ditto 12 - -
35 Ceres, or Seray, Bridget 23 - her husband an assigned servant to F. M'Arthur, esq., Goulburn.
36 Ceres, ----U. 4
37 Connor, Mary 23 Mrs Shepherd Sydney house servant 10 - -
38 Cunningham, Mary 26 Mr Burk ditto ditto 10 - -
39 Coyne, Eliza 26 her husband a soldier at Hobart Town.
40 Coyne, Eliza 6
41 Cotton, Mary Ann 21 Mr C. Smedly Sydney house servant 10 - -
42 Callaghan, Margaret 21 Mrs M'Donald Pitt Town ditto 8 - -
43 Crosby, Ellen 19 Mrs Redledge ditto ditto 8 8 -
44 Cavanagh, Jane 21 Mrs Coulston Sydney ditto 10 - -
45 Clewn, Molony 34 Mr Wright Marrawabridge ----------- 30 - -
46 Clewen, Bartholomew 40
47 Clewn, John 18
48 Clewn, Margaret 16
49 Clewn, Thomas 11
50 Clewn, Isabella 9
51 Chanbard, Eliza 28 Mrs Hayden Sydney house servant and cook 12 - -
52 Carmichael, Maria 30 her daughter, Esther Thomas, Sydney  
54

[sic]

Cooney, Margaret 24 Mr Wilcox Sydney washerwoman 10 - -
55 Croley, Catherine 18 - Benevolent Asylum, Sydney; has a young child, born on the passage out.
56 Clark, Sarah 18 Mrs M'Arthur Paramatta house servant 8 - -
57 Cole, Mary 19 Mrs Buck Sydney nursemaid 9 - -
58 Callaghan, Jane 18 Mr Cape Sydeny College house servant 10 - -
59 Callager, Catherine 18 Mr Wemyss Sydney ditto 10 - -
60 Cummings, Ann 15 Mr Jones ditto ditto 7 - -
61 Cotton, Margaret 22 Mr Agars ditto ditto 7 - -
62 Croley, or Crawley, Mary 17 Mrs Metcalfe Sydney house servant 12 - -
63 Connell, Mary 20 Mrs Innes ditto ditto 8 - -
64 Cunningham, Francis 26 Mr How ditto ditto 10 - -
65 Cunningham, Margaret 15 Mrs Harris ditto ditto 8 - -
66 Connell, Mary 20 Mr J Simmons ditto ditto 10 - -
67 Carroll, Ann 18 Mr Bigley ditto dressmaker 10 - -
68 Calnon, Ellen 22 Mr Dobson ditto house servant 10 - -
69 Calnor, Ann 23 Mrs Unwin ditto ditto 10 - -
70 Daniel, Ann 26 Mr Macquoid Darlinghurst laundress 10 - -
71 Dunn, Mary Ann 21 Mr Mundy Sydney lady's-maid 12 - -
72 Dunahoo, Margaret 22 Mrs Davenport ditto house servant 8 - -
73 Daley, Betty 20 Mrs M'Keon ditto ditto 10 - -
74 Daley, Mary 16 Mr Harmer Wooloomooloo ditto 7 - -
75 Donaldy, Biddy 27 Mr Long Sydney ditto 10 - -
76 Delany, Catherine 18 Mrs William ditto ditto 10 - -
77 Davis, Jane 17 Mrs G Morris ditto ditto 6 10 -
78 Dickenson, alicia 17 Mrs Phillips ditto ----------- 7 - -
79 Dempsey, Maria 18 Mrs T Smith   nurse 8 - -
80 Dignum, Ann 26 - her husband an assigned servant in the service of the Attorney-general.
81 Dignum, James 1
82 Dalooney, Ellen 16 Mrs Smith Sydney house servant 10 - -
83 Dagan, Margaret 21 Mrs Evans ditto ditto 10 - -
84 Drew, Margaret 17 Mrs Brooks ditto ditto 9 - -
85 Divine, Mary 17 Mrs Clarke ditto laundress 10 - -
86 Dunaber, Mary 18 Mrs Demestre ditto house servant 10 - -
87 Driscoll, Margaret 19 Mrs Jaques ditto child's-maid 8 - -
88 Driscoll, Ann 25 The Attorney-general ditto house servant 8 - -
89 Dunahar, or Duggan, Eliza 18 Mrs Flood ditto child's-maid 10 - -
90 Donaha, Honora 18 Mrs Deas Thomson Darlinghurst, Sydney cook and laundress 12 - -
91 Doyle, Margaret 17 Mrs Blackett Liverpool nursemaid 10 - -
92 Fox, Mary 23 Mrs Fotheringhan Sydney cook 11 - -
93 Fowler, Martha 19 Mr Macquoid Wooloomooloo house servant 10 - -
94 Fitzgerald, Eliza 16 Mr Mattheer Surrey Hills, Sydney ditto 9 - -
95 Fair, Jane 23 Mrs M'Naughtan Sydney nursemaid 8 - -
96 Fox, Ann 17 Mrs Drysdale ditto house servant 8 - -
97 Finagin, Ann 17 Mrs Cohen ditto nursemaid 8 - -
98 Falls, Christian 18 Mrs Harris ditto house servant 10 - -
99 Francois, Mary 23 Mr Murray Carteen Barracks ditto 8 - -
100 Francois, Elizabeth 15 sent to the Orphan School, being only seven years of age
101 Flyn, Bridget 16 Mr Adnum Sydney house servant 9 - -
102 Fitzgerald, Ellen 16 Mrs Evans Hunter-street, Sydney ditto 8 - -
103 Francois, Sarah 16 Mr Smith Sydney nursemaid 11 - -
104 Foran, Ann 23 Mr Riley Liverpool house servant 8 - -
105 Graly, Margaret 21 Thomas Bretton - Upper Pitt-street, Sydney ditto 8 - -
106 Glyn, Ann 24 Mr Dutton Yass ditto 12 - -
107 Gray, Sarah 21 Mrs Macvitie Sydney ditto 8 - -
108 Gallaghan, Celia 17 Mr Cotter Kent-street, Sydney nursemaid 6 - -
109 Garland, Mary 17 Mr Kelly -Castlereagh-street, Sydney house servant 7 - -
110 Galvin, Catherine 16 Mr Sparks -Australian Hotel, Sydney nursemaid 8 - -
111 Gower, Catherine 18 Mr Watt Bathurst house servant 12 - -
112 Gibson, Sarah 26 Mr Nolan Massel Brook ditto 15 - -
113 Garry, Elizabeth 21 Mr Jones Colonade, Sydney ditto 8 - -
114 Hanyan, Mary Ann 16 Daniel Harmer Wooloomooloo ditto 7 - -
115 Hayes, Charlotte 20 Mrs Ackroyd Port M'Quarie nursemaid 12 - -
116 Hendrie, Eleanor 26 Mr Lethbridge -South Creek, near paramatta ditto and governess 11 - -
117 Haynes, Ann 18 Rev Mr Mansfield Pitt-street, Sydney house servant 5 - -
118 Haynes, Maria 15 ditto 12 - -
119 Harris, Elizabeth 29 Mr Laidley Darlinghurst ditto 10 - -
120 Hasey, Mary 19 Captain Scravel Windsor ditto 10 - -
121 Hartney, Ann 28 - her husband a soldier of the 21st Reg. - Hobart Town, Van Diemen's Land  
122 Hartney, Mary 2
123 Hayes, Catherine 19 Mrs Furley Erskine-street, Sydney ditto 8 - -
124 Hagerty, Mary 27 - her husband an assigned servant to major Lockyer, Paramatta River.
125 Hehir, Michael 36 -this family engaged by Messrs Gibbs, Ritchie & Co., Sydney  
126 Hehir, Ann 22 40 - -
127 Hehir, Maria 10mths  
128 Humphries, Ann 21 Mr Clarke George-street, Sydney laundress 12 - -
129 Haly, Catherine 18 - her sister, Ellen Prosser Proper's Flat, Bathurst    
130 Hagerty, Mary 19 Mrs Sutton Elizabeth-st., Sydney house servant 8 - -
131 Hempsy, Mary 18 Mr Stafford Pitt-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
132 Haly, Mary 16 Mrs Wentworth Vaneleuse, near ditto ditto 8 - -
133 Hagerty, Margaret 20 Mr J. Stephens Clarence-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
134 Harerty, Catherine 16 Mrs Campbell Macquarie-place, ditto nursemaid 5 - -
135 Harden, Mary 24 Mrs Clint King-street, ditto cook 8 - -
136 Ireland, Eliza 29 Colonel Mousset Paramatta nursemaid 12 - -
137 Irwin, Mary Jane 16 Mrs Garling Surrey Hills, Sydney ditto 7 - -
138 Jones, Mary Ann 17 Mrs Johnson 49, Pitt-street, ditto house servant 10 10 -
139 Jackson, Mary 22 Mr John Church George-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
140 Kaine, Catherine 16 Mrs S. Lyons Castlereagh-st., ditto ditto 9 - -
141 Kelly, Celia 22 Mrs Husky Clarence-street, ditto ditto 5 - -
142 Kelecky, Ann 24 Mr Sadlier Liverpool ditto 10 - -
143 Kennedy, Ann 25 Mr Laidley Darlinghurst, Sydney ------------- 10 - -
144 Keyse, Mary 19 Captain Gere Paramatta house servant 14 - -
145 Kempston, Mary 16 Mr Carmichael Elizabeth-street -- nurse-girl 8 - -
146 Lynham, Elizabeth 16 Mrs Kirk Bunker's-hill, Sydney house servant 10 - -
147 Lawler, Eliza 18 Mrs Walker -Steam Packet Wharf, Sydney ditto 8 - -
148 Lawton, Mary 20 Mrs Liffrey Fort-street, Sydney laundress 10 - -
149 Leary, Margaret 16 Mr Bennet Pitt-street, ditto house servant 8 - -
150 Littleton, Isabella 18 Mrs Demestre George-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
151 Lagremore, Margaret 25 - her brother, Mr. Walkeer[sic] Sussex-street, ditto    
152 Lalor or Lawber, Margt 26 Captain Collins Petersham, near ditto ditto 9 - -
153 Marsden, Sarah Mary 31 - has established a laundry near Sydney, her husband, a prisoner, not being eligible at present for any indulgence which would enable him to work for his family. The two elder daughters have since been provided with situations.
154 Marsden, Mary 22
155 Marsden, Ann 15
156 Marsden, Sarah 6
157 Marsden, Thomas 4
158 May, Catherine 26 Captain Collins Petersham, near Sydney house servant 12 - -
159 Moloney, Mary 17 Mr Murphy Liverpool street, ditto ditto 8 - -
160 Maloney, Ann 15 Mrs Grimes -Underwood Distillery, near Sydney ditto 8 - -
161 M'Murray, Martha 26 Mrs Berry North Shore, near ditto ditto 9 - -
162 Murray, Eliza 27 Mrs Greenhill Elizabeth-street, ditto ditto 11 - -
163 Murray, Mary 24 Mr Murray Liverpool - ditto 8 - -
164 Muray, Rose 26 her father Bathurst    
165 M'Court, Ellen 20 Mr Collins Annandall, near Sydney ditto 10 - -
166 Murphy, Ellen 16 her father assigned servant to Mr William Hutchinson, Sydney.
167 Mourne, Catherine 24 her husband assigned servant to Mr Ellis, Hunter's River
168 Mourne, Larry 3
169 M'Loy, Margaret 26 Mr Callaghan 39, York-st., Sydney house servant 11 - -
170 M'Quirque, Catherine 26 Mrs Cox Market Wharf, ditto ditto 8 - -
171 Mullin, Rose 18 Mrs Penson Prince's-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
172 M'Donald, Ann 16 Mrs Atkinson Bong Bong nursemaid 9 - -
173 M'Crae, Maria 18 Mrs Gaggin Windsor ditto 9 - -
174 M'Carty, Ellen 16 Mrs Therry Hunter-street, Sydney ditto 10 - -
175 Minton, Ellen 18 Mr Greenfield King-street, ditto house servant 12 - -
176 Morris, Bridget 20 Mr M'Quade Pitt-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
177 Mahoney, Mary 18 Mr J. Barker Sussex-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
178 Mara, Mary 22 Mr J. Smith George-street, ditto nursemaid 8 - -
179 Maher, Mary 16 Mrs E. Manning Ultimo, near, ditto housemaid 10 - -
180 M'Carty, Mary 15 Mrs Cook Castlereagh-street, ditto ditto 6 - -
181 M'Canavan, Ellen 20 Mr Bell Pitt-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
182 Murphy, Mary 23 Mr Metcalfe Bridge-street, ditto ditto 12 - -
183 Morgan, Joanna 24 Lieut. Bayly 17th regiment nursemaid 12 - -
184 Morgan, Ann 21 - her husband assigned servant to the clerk of the Female Factory, Paramatta
185 M'Carty, Anna 15
186 Manning, Mary 24 Mrs Hoddle Bathurst house servant 10 - -
187 Murphy, Mary 19 Ensign Miller 17th regiment ditto 8 - -
188 Murray, Catherine 19 Mrs Higgins a relative    
189 Murphy, Mary Ann 18 Mrs Masher George-street, Sydney ditto 10 - -
190 Murphy, Margaret 17 Female Factory Paramatta nurse 30 - -[sic]
191 Murphy, Maria 1919 Mrs Langford Miller's Point, Sydney house servant 8 - -
192 M'Laughton, Mary 23 Mrs Gill George-street, ditto laundress 9 - -
193 Mahony, Anna 16 Mr Smyth ditto nursemaid 10 - -
  or          
 194  Mara, Johanna 17 Mr Coleman 4th regiment ditto 8 - -
195 Noonan, Ellen 23 Mrs Dick George-street, Sydney laundress 9 - -
196 Nelson, Eliza 20 Mrs Pearson Pitt-street, ditto ditto 10 - -
197 Nolan, Winfred 15 her father, John Nolan
198 Nanor, Ann 21 Mrs Manning Ultimo, near Sydney laundress 10 - -
199 Nanor or Maynor, Jane 23 Mrs Cowlinshaw Bathurst-street, ditto house servant 10 - -
200 O'Brien, Rose 17 Mr Munday George-street, ditto -nurseymaid and needlewoman 10 - -
201 Oates, Johanna 16 Mr Morgan Church-hill, ditto nursemaid 8 - -
202 O'Brien, Margaret 19 Dr. Fatonna Pitt-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
203 O'Brien, Mary 18 Mrs Moses George-street, ditto house servant 10 - -
204 Parkins, Catherine 18 Mr John Paul Sydney ditto 10 - -
205 Prinze, Eliza 20 Mrs Wilson - Cook's River, near Sydney ditto 10 - -
206 Power, Ellen 19 Mr Clarke Liverpool-st., Sydney ditto 8 - -
207 Pearce, Sarah 21 Mr Barton Macquarrie-pl., ditto cook 10 - -
208 Quigly, Mary 27 Mr Lord George-street, ditto ditto 12 - -
209 Quigly, Hanna 16 Mrs M. Stafford Macquarrie-pl., ditto --------- 8 - -
210 Roche, Honora 16 Mrs Holland Goulburn-street, ditto house servant 9 - -
211 Roche, Frances 19 Mr Jones George-street, ditto nursemaid 8 - -
212 Roche, Margaret 40 Mr Raymond O'Connell-street, ditto laundress 10 - -
213 Roche, Margaret 22 ditto ditto house servant 10 - -
214 Ryan, Mary Ann 20 Benevolent Asylum; an invalid
215 Roche, Mary 24 Dr Bowman Wooloomooloo, Sydney laundress 10 - -
216 Ryan, Catherine 18 Mrs Manning Ultimo, near ditto ------- 12 - -
217 Smith, Ann 16 Miss Moncur George-street, ditto needlewoman 6 - -
218 Stanley, Jane 17 Thomas Black Penrith nursemaid 8 - -
219 Stephens, Martha 26 Mr Riley Pitt-street, Sydney --------- 14 - -
220 Saunders, Frances 23 Captain Sturt Sydney house servant 9 - -
221 Smith, Mary 23 Mrs Dickson Pitt-street, Sydney ditto 10 - -
222 Skelly, Catherine 25 Mr Close Hunter's River ditto 10 - -
223 Sullivan, Mary Ann 21 Captain Hunter Sydney -------- 10 10 -
224 Slattery, Catherine 23 Mr Burne - Hyde Park Barrack, Sydney ditto 12 - -
225 Skelly, Margaret 22 Captain Collins Petersham, near Sydney ditto 9 9 -
226 Sweeny, Maria 17 Mrs Samuels Pitt-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
227 Scavell or Scannell, Ann 19 Mr Coser, baker 8, George-street, ditto ditto 8 - -
228 Sheahy, Catherine 17 Mr Brennan King-street, ditto ditto 7 - -
229 Smith, Margaret 23 Mr Maelzer Sydney ditto 12 - -
230 Sullivan, Catherine 22 Mr Elyard -Surrey Hills, near Sydney ditto 10 - -
231 Sullivan, Mary 22 Mrs Duguid Bridge-street, Sydney ditto 10 - -
232 Savage, Emily 21 Mrs Birmingham Pitt-street, ditto dressmaker 12 - -
233 Sullivan, Eliza 16 Rev S. Marsden Parramatta house servant 6 - -
234 Smith, Mary Ann 18 Mrs W.H. Sutter Bathurst nurse 10 - -
235 Skamlan or Skanor, Mary - Mrs Lowe Bringelly house servant 9 - -
236 Stokes, Mary Ann - Mr Tompson King-street, Sydney ditto 8 - -
237 Trenwith, Ellen 19 Mr Kentish Kent-street, ditto nurserymaid 8 - -
238 Thomson, Mary Ann 17 ---------- Bathurst nurse governess 11 - -
239 Taylor, Ann 21 Mrs Phillips Argyle-street - ditto 8 - -
240 Wheeler, Mary 21 Mr Cuningham Sussex-street - ditto 10 - -
241 Welsh, Margart 17 Mr F. Beattie Newcastle ditto 10 - -
242 Welsh, Ellen 15 Mrs Davenport George-street, Sydney ditto 9 9 -
243 Welsh or Carney, Mary 21 Rev J.J. Therry - taken by him, her husband being a prisoner in an ironed gang.
244 Welsh, Honora 18 Mrs Reilly Macquarrie-pl., Sydney house servant 8 - -
245 Weston, Ann 26 her brother      
246 Wilkinson, Sarah 27 Mr Jackson Castlereagh-st., Sydney ditto 10 - -
247 Young, Mary Ann 17 Mrs Bird York-street, ditto ditto 10 - -

Died on the Voyage

Name Age
Daffin, Bridget 20
Bulger, Margaret 20
Bulger, Patrick 5
Coin, Francis 2
Harris, John 2

Van Diemen's Land

Sarah, 1835 correspondence and passenger list

Copy of a Despatch from Lieutenant-governor Arthur to Mr Secretary Spring Rice, dated Van Diemen's Land, Government House, 26 Feb. 1835.

Sir,

With reference to your despatch of the 15th October last, acquainting me with the embarkation of a number of female emigrants on board of the Sarah, I have the honour to inform you that this vessel arrived on the 15th instant; and that the whole of the young women, as you will perceive by the accompanying return, with the exception of nine, who are either sickly or of bad character, have already found employment, or been received into the houses of parents or other friends.

The present importation is by far the most satisfactory which has yet been received, in whatever respect it may be considered. The females themselves are understood to be persons of a more serviceable description, as well as of better conduct, than those who were admitted into the former vessels; not a single occurrence of a disagreeable nature during the voyage has as yet come to my knowledge; fewer unpleasantries have transpired; since their arrival they have obtained situations within a period of time unusually short, and they have done much to redeem the character of protected immigration.

Nevertheless I am prepared
No. Name Age Occupation Disposal Rate of Wage per Annum

£ s. d.

1 Albin, Maria 16 general servant Mrs Moore, Davey street 10 - -
2 Alexander, Mary 25 milliner Intends going to business  
3 Anderson, Lucy M. 27 dressmaker Going into business  
4 Anderson, Jane 17 general servant Mr Warham, Elizabeth-street 10 - -
5 Alfrida, Alfridius 15 ditto Mrs Webb, Argyle-street 9 - -
6 Adams, Anne 27 nurserymaid Not yet provided for  
7 Ansell, Agnes 17 general servant Mrs Seccombe, Launceston 10 - -
8 Beaumont, Anne 23 nurserymaid Not yet engaged  
9 Bawser, Sarah 21 --------------- Married to one of the seamen  
10 Blake, Rebcca 19 house servant Disengaged (sick)  
11 Bessiker, Eliz. M. 21 housemaid Captain Swanston 14 - -
12 Bryant, Margaret 20 --------------- Gone with parents to Sydney  
13 Bryant, Anne 15 --------------- ditto  
14 Browne, Margaret 24 housemaid Mr Logan 14 - -
15 Burn, Maria 22 -nurserymaid and sempstress Mr Wood, Hobart Town 15 - -
16 Barrett, Honora 21 general servant The Rev Mr Miller 12 - -
17 Bales, Mary 22 --------------- --At present in the Colonial Hospital  
18 Bryant, Mary 18 --------------- Gone with her father, a settler  
19 Bryant, Elizabeth 15 --------------- ditto  
20 Bryant, Catharine 19 ---------------- Gone to Sydney with her father  
21 Cavendish, Catherine 20 housemaid Mrs. Parsons, Humbolton 12 - -
22 Condell, Mary 17 general servant Mrs Wilkinson 10 - -
23 Clark, Margaret 18 ditto Mr Ashton, Green Ponds 12 - -
24 Chappel, Louisa 17 nurserymaid Mr Deane 10 - -
25 Capell, susan A. 18 general servant Mr Bryant, Redlands 12 - -
26 Callowe, Rachel 15 nurserygirl Mrs Abbot, New Town 4 - -
27 Cole, Ellen 19 governess Mrs Kemp  
28 Cole, Mary Anne 15 ---------------- --Gone with her father, a passenger per Sarah  
29 Cawan, Mary 22 general servant Mr Burne, St. Patrick-street 12 - -
30 Campbell, Margaret 22 ditto Mrs Turnbull 12 - -
31 Chippett, Elizabeth 18 nurserymaid Mrs Hewitt 16 - -
32 Dale, Elizabeth 28 cook Mrs Dobson, Macquarrie-street 16 - -
33 Dempsy, Mary 19 fancy worker Intends entering business  
34 Davie, Barbara 21 ---------------- --Gone to live with her cousin, Mrs Pierce, Hobart, Town  
35 Driscoll, Caroline 28 general servant Mr Archer 12 - -
36 Drummond, Margaret 24 housemaid Mrs Pedder  
37 Evans, Susan 17 ditto Mrs Hewitt 16 16 -
38 Eyre, Martha 21 nurserymaid Mr Walker, Norfolk Plains 12 - -
39 Eyre, Sophia 30 housekeeper As yet disengaged  
40 Eldridge, Henrietta 15 ---------------- --Living with her father, passenger per Sarah.  
41 Ferris, Isabella 22 general servant Mr Maizetti 12 - -
42 Freddon, Elizabeth 28 ditto Mr Butler, Old Wharf 10 - -
43 Farrell, Mary 25 housemaid Mrs Learmouth 12 12 -
44 Farrell, Elizabeth 26 general servant Mrs Gillis, Launceston 12 - -
45 Fichess, Catherine 19 cook Mrs M'Killop 15 - -
46 Francis, Theodosia - ditto ---------------- 12 12 -
47 Gurney, Anne 16 general servant Mrs Palmer, Patrick-street 12 - -
48 Gardiner, Mrs 30 cook Mrs Learmouth 15 15 -
49 Graydon, Maria 30 governess Mr Walker, Norfolk Plains 30 - -
50 Grant, Anne 28 ----------------------------- --Gone to her husband, an assigned servant  
51 Hammell, Elizabeth 28 married to one of the sailors    
52 Hearne, Mary 19      
53 Hoggins, Mary 16      
54 Hoggins, Esther 19      
55 Hunter, Margaret 20 ------------------------------ About to be married  
56 Hunter, Mary 18 ------------------------------ Remains with her sister  
57 Hingerty, Mary 22 laundress Mrs Johnson 12 - -
58 Hett, Elizabeth 17 general servant Mrs Johnson 12 - -
59 Hett, Anne 24 ditto Mr Carter, Green Ponds 10 - -
60 Jackson, Phoebe Anne 18 ------------------------------ Remained on board the Sarah  
61 Jones, Catherine 25 housemaid Government-house 12 - -
62 Johnson, Cath. (vel Rider) 22 nursery governess Mrs Murray 14 - -
63 Keiling, Sarah A. 19 ------------------------------ --Gone to Mr Willis, who will provide for her  
64 King, Mary A. 17 ------------------------------ In the Colonial Hospital  
65 Kleeman, Ann 20 general servant Mrs Smith, Liverpool-street 10 - -
66 Kelroy, Bridget 25 ditto Mrs Speak 10 - -
67 La Neve, Mary 19 governess Mrs Abott  
68 Lloyd, Catherine 24 general servant Mrs mason 10 - -
69 Lear, Caroline 18 ------------------------------ --About to be married to an officer of the ship  
70 Lear, Ellen 17 nursery governess Still disengaged  
71 Lowe, Isabella 22 general servant Mrs Petrie, macquarrie-street 12 - -
72 Longhurst, Elizabeth 21 ditto Mr W. Wise 10 - -
73 Longdon, Eliza 30 housekeeper Disengaged  
74 Muggridge, Elizabeth 16 general servant Mrs Wright 10 - -
75 Moran, Anne 22 cook Captain Harvy, Launceston  
76 M'Namara, Honora 20 general servant Mrs Johnson 12 - -
77 M'Govron, Fanny 16 ditto Mrs Cameron, Launceston 12 - -
78 Menzies, Marjery 27 ditto Mr Watchorn 12 - -
79 M'Donald, Caroline 18 cook & housemaid Mr W. Bethune 12 - -
80 Nolan, Margaret 20 general servant Mrs Pressnell 12 - -
81 Nicholls, Elizabeth 20 ditto Mr D. Moses 10 - -
82 Newcomb, Eliza 24 milliner Mrs Grass 20 - -
83 Nicholls, Anne 18 ------------------------------ Gone with her mother  
84 Nash, Mary Jane 24 housemaid Mrs turner 12 12 -
85 O'Neal, Sarah 20 ------------------------------ --Gone to her uncle, Mr Young, a passenger per Sarah  
86 Pattie, Matilda 18 upper servant Mrs Jellicoe 15 - -
87 Pitcher, Dinah 29 ------------------------------ --Gone to live with her husband, an assigned servant  
88 Presnell, Harriet 21 ------------------------------ Gone with her father  
89 Ray, Sarah D. 25 ------------------------------ --Going to be married to a cabin passenger  
90 Rankin, Helen 22 general servant Mrs Makepeace 10 - -
91 Stormont, Phoebe 28 ditto Mrs Coombs, Elizabeth-street 12 - -
92 Stephens, Jane 20 ------------------------------ --Subject to fits, going to Colonial Hospital  
93 Sullivan, Hannah 21 general servant Mrs Aubrey, Fitzroy-crescent 12 - -
94 Sullivan, Mary 28 ditto Mrs Ruscombe, Richmond 12 - -
95 Smith, Caroline 18 ditto Mrs Hopgood, Melville-street 10 - -
96 Smith, Amelia 15 ditto Mrs Brown, Bathurst-street 10 - -
97 Scammell, Ann 15 nursery girl Mrs Dowling 6 - -
98 Stokoe, S.T. 24 sempstress Captain Richie, Launceston 15 - -
99 Smith, Maria 17 general servant Mr Abbott 12 - -
100 Smith, M. Anne 26 ditto Mr Palmer, Rural Dean  
101 Smith M. Anne 21 ditto Mrs Barnes, york District 10 - -
102 Starr, Martha 22 -sempstress and nurserymaid Mrs H. Jennings, Launceston 15 - -
103 Singleton, Ellen 21 general servant Mrs M'Robin 12 - -
104 Theobald, Jane 25 ditto Mr Jones 12 - -
105 Wood, Elizabeth 21 ------------------------------ Married to first officer of Sarah  
106 Vaughan, Elizabeth 17 -assistant nurse & sempstress Mrs Bedford, jun. 10 - -
107 Wakley, Mary 16 general servant Mrs Clark, collins-street 10 - -
108 Webb, Juliana 16 -------------- --Gone to Mrs. Luckman, her friend, Collins-street  
109 Ward, Susan 17 nurserymaid Mr Logan 10 - -
110 Walker, Mary 17 ditto Mr Gilles, Launceston 12 - -
111 Williams, Martha 27 general servant Mr J.A. Jackson, Launceston 15 - -
112 Wilkinson, Sarah 24 sempstress Mrs Martin, Norfolk 8 - -

(More to come on the Sarah)

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