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Transcribed and submitted to TheShipsList by Robert Janmaat, Adelaide, from a variety of sources, cited below.
Return to SA Passenger Lists,1847-1886

barque Mallard, 478 tons, Captain J.G. Hill, from Southampton 13th January 1855, arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia 25th April 1855

South Australian Register Thursday 26th April 1855

Wednesday April 25th, 1855:- the barque Mallard, 478 tons, J.G. Hill, Master, from Southampton January 14th.
Passengers: Mr. J.W. Fitzpatrick, surgeon-superintendent in the cabin and the following emigrants in the steerage. . . .
13th ship from England to S.A. with government passengers for 1855 ; 2 births and 6 deaths on the passage ; Mr. James W. Fitzpatrick, surgeon-superintendent.

barque Mallard

Arrived on the 25th April with 217 souls. Six deaths and two births were the casualties before final disembarkation.
In consequence of several complaints having been made, the Immigration Board was summoned to investigate the circumstances. It was in their opinion, clearly proved that the surgeon had neglected his duty, both in the proper treatment of the sick, and in not enforcing the proper issue of provisions, especially to young children.

The mortality in emigrant ships takes place chiefly among very young children; and it being supposed that the kind of diet on shipboard had an important effect on their health, the Commissioners took great trouble in procuring the opinion of many eminent physicians on the kind of diet best suited for children between the ages of four months and two years old. In consequence of their advice, the following dietary was ordered and made a stipulation in the charter-party ‘Children between four months and two years old are to be allowed three pints of water and a quarter of a pint of milk daily ; also three ounces of preserved soup and four ounces of oatmeal, eight ounces of flour, four ounces of rice, and ten ounces of sugar weekly.”

It was proved to the satisfaction of the Immigration Board that, for the first three weeks of the voyage, no issue of rations of any kind was made to children ; that, after this, in consequence of complaints having been made, 4ozs. of rice, 6 ozs. of flour, and 8ozs. of sugar, with one gill of milk were issued weekly to each child till within three weeks before arrival, when the proper quantities were given.

When there is neglect in the issue of food to adults, loud complaints soon attract attention to the grievance ; children suffer and are silent. It may be that the parents are not aware of the provision which is made by the charter-party for the young; and if complaints are not made, it is assumed by those who neglect their duty that there is no grievance. Such is not the view of the Immigration Board is disposed to take of the case. The issue of the proper stipulated provisions to children is regarded by the Board as most important, not only for the proper nourishment, but for the health and life of the children. The Board regard the stipulation of the charter party as so express that they consider that the neglect of the master of the ship to issue these rations regularly, vitiates the charter party and involves the forfeiture of the payment of freight. They consider that it is the duty of the surgeon-superintendent to take care that the stipulations of the charter party are in all respects fulfilled—that the rations are issued regularly and in proper quantity ; and it is the opinion of the Board that where this is not done the surgeon-superintendent has neglected his duty.

Several complaints were made against the surgeon-superintendent for neglect of medical treatment. Such complaints are easily investigated. The printed instructions to surgeons-superintendent direct a distinct medical journal to be kept, in which is to be noted “the day on which each patient is entered for treatment, and on what day discharged-whether cured, transferred to other hands, or dead ; stating also the nature of the disease and the method of treatment.” When a surgeon-superintendent neglects to keep such a journal, he not only sets at naught his instructions, but deprives himself of the only means to disprove a charge of neglect. In this case, the surgeon-superintendent of the Mallard had not kept a medical journal as instructed.
One man complained of personal violence used by the surgeon-superintendent and master of the ship. It appears that this man, being at the time a constable, had got into some personal altercation with the surgeon-superintendent, whom he threatened to report on arrival. The surgeon and master considering it necessary to “enforce discipline” ordered this man to be put in irons. The emigrants who were then at dinner, hearing of this, rose in a body and demanded his instant release, and he was accordingly set at liberty. This occurred about three weeks after sailing.
No man complains of having been put in irons after this, but the “discipline” which it was found impossible to enforce upon the men, was more successfully tried upon the women. One young woman was confined in the bath-room for three hours, in iron handcuffs ; another was confined in this state for thirty-six hours. The Board state that not a shadow of reason existed for this exercise of arbitary power ; that these were cases of gross personal violence to women, and that the master who could order, and the surgeon-superintendent who could sanction such proceedings, were both totally unfitted to be ever again entrusted with the charge of immigrants. The evidence given by the immigrants went to prove that the master of the ship was the active agent in these cases, that the surgeon was passive, but gave his sanction to the proceedings. The surgeon-superintendent takes upon himself the responsibility of having ordered the people to be put in irons.
The Immigration Board recommended that the usual certificate that the immigrants had been well treated and the charter-party fulfilled, should not be signed-that the gratuity of the master, being two shillings on each immigrant landed alive, should be forfeited ; and that one quarter of the gratuity to the surgeon-superintendent, being two shillings and sixpence on each immigrant landed alive, should be withheld. The certificate for return passage money being thus forfeited, a further penalty is inflicted of forty pounds (£40). The Board further recommended that the Commissioners should be requested to make a deduction from the payment of freight. His Excellency the Officer Administrating the Government was pleased to approve of the decision of the Board.

 
The South Australian Government Gazette 1866 p. 90
Name Age Date of Death Cause of Death Where buried
Reeves, George
(Reeve)
4mo. January 29th, 1855 Marasmus at sea
Bixall, James
(Boxall)
8mo. February 3rd, 1855 Marasmus at sea

Penne, Harriet
(Pearce)

2 February 23rd, 1855 Gastric enteritas at sea
Genly, —
(Ginbey ?)
inf April 4th, 1855 Prematurely born at sea
Genly, —
(Ginbey ?)
inf April 5th, 1855 Prematurely born at sea
Gummutt, William
(Grimmett)
17mo. May 8th, 1855 Marasmus on shore
         
Surgeon Superintendent Report — no Report submitted.

note: where maiden name of wife is indicated, it has been included in the given name column within ( ) ; the passenger list comprises three sections arranged alphabetically, i families, ii single men, iii single women & children ; transcriber notes in italics

Names Age Occupation B-index Residence Remarks
Last Given
Families
Addis Thomas Miles 37 Bricklayer 8/3 St. Pancras, Middlesex  
  Mary 36       1851 census, age 38
  William 3        
Ash Joseph 30 Agr. Labourer 40/3 Swanbourne, Buckingham  
  Mary Anne (North) 25        
  Walter 6        
  Arthur Richard 3        
Barker Stephen / Steven 47 Sawyer 73/3 Bethnal Green, Middlesex  
  Hannah / Ann (Wing ?) 39        
  Stephen / Steven 9        
  Amelia 4        
Beacham Mark 24 Smith 101/3 Clutton, Somerset  
  Sarah Hazel (Charlton) 20        
Bleeze James 27 Agr. Labourer 132/1 Dartford, Kent  
  Emma (Allwright) 25        
  James 3       1851 census, age 1
  Emma 2        
Boxall William 41 Labourer 157/3 St. Luke, Middlesex  
  Anne 36        
  Anne 9        
  Charles 8        
  James inf       died at sea, Feb. 3rd
Brougham Henry 30 Carpenter 185/1 Chelsea, Middlesex  
  Elizabeth Anne (Bosward) 35        
Butterick / Buttrick James 28 Agr. Labourer 216/3 Norfolk James Daniel ?
  Elizabeth 24        
  William 3        
Clark William 25 Carpenter 278/1 Allhallows Barking, Middlesex  
  Elizabeth 25        
  Elizabeth 1        
  William inf        
Cobb James 28 Carpenter 289/1 Oxford, Berkshire  
  Anne (Robins) 25        
Driscoll James 28 Carpenter 430/2 Middlesex  
  Elizabeth 34        
  John 3        
Edwards Samuel 44 Agr. Labourer 458/2 Lakenheath, Suffolk  
  Mary (Morley) 38        
  Morley 13        
  Susan 11        
  Elizabeth Ellen 9        
Elliott James Mason 31 Blacksmith 465/1 Paddington, Middlesex  
  Elizabeth (Mitchell) 33        
  James Mason 6        
  Alfred 2        
Feast George 48 Agr. Labourer 489/2 Farnham, Surrey single parent | other family travelled earlier on board Telegraph 1855
  Mary Jane 13        
Ginbey William 25 Blacksmith 573/3 Westminster, Middlesex  
  Hannah Mitchell (Peachman) 25        
  Emily Hannah 1        
Gould Edward 25 Carpenter 587/1 Westminster, Middlesex  
  Elizabeth (Mathison) 28        
  Henry inf        
Green John 28 Shepherd 611/3 Wisbeach, Norfolk  
  Elizabeth (Griggs) 23        
  John Griggs 4        
  Susan inf        
Grimmett James (Jim) 20 Sawyer 622/3 Woodstock, Oxford  
  Maria (Harris) 24        
  William 1       died at sea, 8th May
Grimmett Joseph 28 Sawyer 622/3 Woodstock, Oxfordshire Bladon
  Martha (Pottinger) 27       Potterger
  Sarah Elizabeth 1        
  Lorenzo inf        
Grinter Joseph 43 Labourer 622/3 Muchelney, Somerset  
  Anne 39        
  Robert 13        
  Mary Ann 10        
  Juliana 7        
  Emily 2        
Gwymer William 27 Agr. Labourer 632/2 Risbridge, Suffolk Gozmour / Guymer / Goymer
  Mary (Mynott ?) 21        
Harrison William 22 Carpenter 683/3 Stroud, Gloucester  
  Cecilia (Davis) 27        
Hooper James 42 Agr. Labourer 771/1 Brixton, Hampshire 1851 census, widower
  Hannah (Groves) 42       2nd wife, married 1852
  William 13        
  James 10        
How William Crosby 26 Bricklayer 782/1 Essex  
  Jane (Gregg) 22        
  Henry W. 2        
  Emilie M. / Amelia W. inf        
King William 34 Agr. Labourer 912/2 Sussex  
  Mary Ann 32        
  William G. 5        
  Pottle / Pottell 3        
Knight George 29 Agr. Labourer 926/3 Ridgmount, Bedfordshire  
  Elizabeth (Simmonds) 29        
  Alfred 5        
  Sarah Ann 3        
Lambert Henry 43 Brickmaker - Hackney, Middlesex  
  Mary A. 36        
  Eliza 13        
  Elizabeth 8        
  Isabel inf        
Langham James 20 Agr. Labourer 952/2 Wisbeach, Cambridge  
  Hannah Maria (Brands) 20        
Lavington John 29 Labourer - Essex Wiltshire ?
  Sarah 22        
  John 2        
Locke Thomas 36 Blacksmith 981/2 Gloucester  
  Mary 26        
Lucas John 21 Joiner - Nottingham  
  Margaret 23        
Malyon Thomas 32 Agr. Labourer 1009/2 Chelmsford, Essex  
  Eliza 30        
  George 8        
  Eliza 6        
Martin Charles 27 Blacksmith 1026/3 Middlesex  
  Ann 27        
  Jane 3        
  Alice 2        
Miles George 35 Agr. Labourer 1107/1 Wiltshire  
  Anne 35        
Pearce John 35 Gardener 1256/2 Middlesex  
  Harriet (Homewood ?) 26        
  Harriet 2       died at sea, Feb. 23rd
  Emma inf        
Pincombe William 26 Carpenter 1286/2 St. Pancras, Middlesex  
  Emma (White) 24        
  Emma Sarah White 1        
Rayner William 21 Saywer 1333/3 Norfolk  
  Anne 24        
  William 1        
Reeve / Reeves Robert 38 Agr. Labourer 1338/1 Great Wilbraham, Cambridge  
  Elizabeth 30        
  Albert 11        
  Matilda 7        
  John 4        
  George Abslom (Absolom ?) inf       twin, born Dec. quarter 1854 | died at sea, Jan. 29th
  Henry Alfred inf       twin, born Dec. quarter 1854
Reynolds William Walker 22 Blacksmith 1347/3 Chichester, Sussex  
  Frances (Reynolds ?) 22        
Shaw Alexander 44 Carpenter 1471/3 Westminster St Margaret, Middlesex  
  Sarah 44        
  Henry 12        
  John 10        
  Eliza 7        
  Emma 4        
Simmons George 44 Labourer 1488/2 Rodmell, Sussex  
  Maria Ann (Ferrer) 47       2nd wife, married Sept. quarter 1854
  Isaac 10        
Smith James 26 Agr. Labourer - Godmersham, Kent  
  Esther (Dunk ?) 24        
  George 6        
Smith Vincent 26 Labourer 1511/2 Woodstock, Oxford  
  Harriet (Harris) 27        
  John 2        
Smith William 19 Agr. Labourer 1511/2 Sudbury, Essex  
  Jane (Simpson) 22        
Stokes John 21 Agr. Labourer 1553/1 Cambridge  
  Ann (Pell) 19        
Stribling Edward 29 Labourer 1558/1 Middlesex Stribbling | Horkesley, Essex
  Mary Ann (Blois ?) 24        
Swale James John 27 Carpenter 1567/- Southwark Christ Church, Surrey  
  Susan Ann (Saunders) 21       Susannah Ann
  Sarah Ann inf        
Tame William 27 Carpenter 1574/1 Brentford, Middlesex  
  Letitia (Clarte) 26       Clark ?
  Rachel 2        
  Hannah 1        
Timms George 20 Mason - Woodstock, Oxford  
  Ann (Danbury) 21        
  John 1        
Walter / Waller Charles 32 Gardener 1668/2 Middlesex  
  Jane 34        
Weston John Rayner 25 Carpenter 1696/2 Lambeth, Surrey  
  Mary (Francis) 26        
  James Rayner inf        
Williamson Benjamin 27 Sawyer 1723/2 Ridgmont, Bedfordshire  
  Henrietta (Hall) 32        
  Mary Ann 7        
Willows James 36 Agr. Labourer 1725/2 Huntingdon Willott ? St. Neots ?
  Elizabeth 22        
  Sally 12        
Young Henry 41 Carpenter 1756/1 Middlesex  
  Mary 39        
  James 6        
  Eliza 2        
 
Names Age Occupation B-index Residence Remarks
Last Given
Single Men
Edwards George Morley 15 Labourer - Lakenheath, Suffolk with parents
Grinter Henry 17 Labourer 622/3 Muchelney, Somerset with parents
Gwymer William 39 Agr. Labourer 632/2 Suffolk Goymer ?
Hooper Thomas Jackman 18 Agr. Labourer 772/1 Brixton, Hampshire with father
Munro John 25 Baker 1151/2 Middlesex  
Newrick / Newrich Thomas 19 Sawyer 1179/2 Surrey  
Rivett Aaron 23 Agr. Labourer 1360/1 Suffolk  
Sharp Henry 23 Mason 1470/2 Surrey  
Simmons Thomas 17 Servant 1489/1 Rodmell, Sussex with father
Smyth George 19 Mason 1512/3 Middlesex  
Vince Edmund 23 Carpenter 1648/3 Hampshire  
Webb Thomas 25 Mason - Surrey  
Wood George 21 Carpenter 1737/2 Surrey  
Yates William 21 Bricklayer - Surrey  
 
Single Women
Ball Mary n/a Servant   Somerset Wall ?
Barker Ann n/a Servant   Bethnal Green, Middlesex 1851 census, age 12 | with parents
Barker Susan n/a Servant   Middlesex  
Bond Jane n/a Servant   Somerset  
Clarke Amy 28 Servant   Surrey  
Collings Lucretia 30 Servant   Gloucester  
Crastin Elizabeth E. 28 Cook   Middlesex  
Crew Susannah 25 Cook   Somerset  
Edwards Margaret 18 Servant   Surrey  
Gardener Eliza 25 Servant   Middlesex  
Ginbey Emily 19 Servant   Middlesex  
Grinter Maria 18 Seamstress   Muchelney, Somerset with parents
Handley Sarah A. 18 Servant   Lincoln  
Hawkins Emma 19 Seamstress   Middlesex  
Healley / Heatley Mary 21 Servant   Surrey  
Hooper Elizabeth 15 Servant   Brixton, Hampshire with father
Hopkins Mary A. 25 Cook   Somerset  
Lambert Mary 16 Housemaid   Middlesex  
Nunn Emma 20 Servant   Middlesex  
Pearl Lucy 18 Servant   Middlesex  
Rattle Eliza 23 Servant   Middlesex  
Shaw Sarah 23 Servant   Westminster St Margaret, Middlesex with parents
Shaw Mary 24 Servant   Middlesex with parents ?
Shean Mary 23 Servant   Middlesex  
Tucker Mary 27 Servant   Surrey  
Weston Sarah 25 Servant   Middlesex  
Westwood Hannah 18 Servant   Middlesex  
Williams Ellen 29 Servant   Gloucester  

Sources: State Library South Australia, official passenger lists, mainly of immigrants arriving in South Australia under United Kingdom assisted passage schemes, 1847-1886 GRG 35/48a (formely ACC 313); Sydney Shipping Gazette; South Australian Register; The South Australian Government Gazette; GRG 35/48/2 Crown lands and Immigrant ships papers; Biographical index SA 1836-1885 (the B-index column indicates individuals who may be found in that index, with corresponding reference number for further research) ; FreeBMD ; 1851 UK census'

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