Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, 1803
(Note: this paper used the old form of 's' which looks
like an 'f'. You will also find old spellings
Saturday, March 05, 1803
||Castle of Good Hope
||On Saturday, the 12th ultimo, arrived the Castle
of Good Hope. Mr. Allan M'Askell, Master, from whence she sailed the
first of December last; she made Ceylon the 15th of the
same month, and, in her way hither passed through Bass's Straits.
She brought 357? Bengal cows in excellent condition ( a few only
excepted, which were rejected by Government), none of which have
died since their landing. She also brought 4 India mares and 2 horses
(one of which is an Arabian stallion), a quantity of spirits, sugar,
rice, piece goods, and various other articles. Of the cows, 250 were
received by Government at the Contract Price, i.e. 28l.
Per head; and there can be no doubt of this great increase of breeding
cattle soon lowering the price of animal food.
The Castle of Good Hope is the largest ship that has ever entered this
port, and measures about 1000 tons. During the passage the lost 12 cows
and 1 horse; fell in with no other vessel, and met with no accident.
Her passing through Bass's Straits instead of going round Van-Dieman's
Land, considerably shortened her passage, and saved many cows.
||By the above arrival we have been informed of the more
than probable loss of the Fly, a vessel of about
100 tons burthen, laden with piece and other valuable goods, also
bound for this place, and belonging to the House of Campbells, at
Calcutta. She left Calcutta in the month of April last, and has not
since been heard of; was commanded by Mr. John Black, a young man
much esteemed here by all who knew him.
On the 14th ultimo arrived the Greenwich
Whaler, Mr. Alexander Law master, with 1700 barrels
of spermaceti oil, procured mostly off the N.E. Coast of New
Zealand. The Whalers she left cruizing off that Coast, and
which may be expected here to refit about the beginning of
June are, the Venus, Gardner; Albion,
Buncker; and Alexander, Rhodes. The Harriot,
Chace had sailed for England on the 4th of February,
a full ship.
Sailed the 23d ult. For the Hawkesbury . His Majesty's Armed
Tender Lady Nelson and the Francis Colonial
Remain His Majesty's Ships Buffalo and Porpoise;
the former ready for sea, the latter refitting.
Boats--Arrived from the Hawkesbury with Grain, on the 28th ult.
The Raven, T. Raby owner, and sailed again the
Sailed the 3d inst. for the Hawkesbury the William and
Mary, J. Miller owner.
Came in, the 3d inst. with wheat, the James,
T. Raby, owner. And same day the Edwin, belonging
to J. Palmer, Esq.; the Union, John Jones; and Argument,
The Greenwich Whaler is positively to sail
for England on the 15th of the present Month.
Important Nautical Information
Account of a Ledge of Rocks discovered by H.M. ship Arrogant,
the Dover Castle, Asia and Admiral
Rainier in Company, 23d January, 1802, 4h. 30m. P.M. saw the
appearance of breakers bearing N.N.W. distant about half a mile, brought
to, and sent a boat to examine them, which returned at half past 6,
having found a ledge of coral rocks; with only 6 feet water on them,
a quarter of a mile N.E. and S.W. the soundings round them two and
a half, 5, 8, 12 fathoms, at a cable's length, and 25 at about a quarter
of a mile distant, lat. 512" S. Longitude 113 12" East per chronometer;
the above situation may be depended on, as the Time-keepers of all
the ships agreed, and the Island of Lubcck was seen at noon from the
mast-head, bearing S.S.W. and we made the Island of Solumbo next morning,
our run to which agreed very well with the above longitude. There does
not exist in any chart any such reef, and its being so much in the
track of ships going through the Java seas, particularly those bound
the Eastern passage, renders it very dangerous.
||An English Paper informs us that a practice equally
disgraceful and immoral had been prevalent in the Town of Manchester
since the ratification of the Treaty of Peace: Wives had been publickly
exhibited for sale; good ones, being scarce, brought a great price--but
the market being overstocked with those of a contrary description,
they sold for little or nothing. Much to the credit of the Magistrates,
they suppressed the growing evil, and restored the Fair Sex to their
Notice is herby given, That the Ship Castle of Good
Hope will positively sail for India, on Sunday the
13th Current; and Capt. M'Askell requests, that
all Claims may be given into him by the 10th.
Saturday, March 12, 1803
||On Sunday morning last arrived the Venus Whaler, Mr. B. Gardner
Master, with 1400 barrels of spermaceti oil. The vessels she left
cruizing off the coast of New Zealand were, the Albion, Buncker,
and the Alexander, Rhodes (as mentioned in our former Paper.) She
sprung her boltsprit some days before her arrival, but sustained
no other accident to the vessel.
While on the Fishery, Capt. Gardner had nearly lost his life
from the following circumstance:-Acting as harpineer, he struck
a Whale, which immediately dived and ran out; a part of the coil
entangled his leg, whereby he was instantaneously dragged out
of the boat, and remained a considerable space of time under
water before he could possibly extricate himself from so perilous
a situation. Fortunately, however, the line had been expeditiously
cut away and he, by a surprising effort, and strong presence
of mind, happily effected his own deliverance.
On Monday night arrived His Majesty's Colonial Schooner, Cumberland,
J. Rushworth, Master, with Messrs. Robinson and Grimes, and the Party
under their direction, from the Survey of King's Island. The Cumberland found
the Geographe and Naturaliste,
French ships on discovery, lying at King's Island, where she arrived
the 9th of December, on which day the Naturaliste sailed
for France with a fair wind.-The Geographe had
lost an Anchor and her long-boat in the Straits.
On Monday came in, from Hunter's River, the sloop John,
T. Williams Master, with a quantity of very fine cedar plank.
On Tuesday arrived the Endeavour schooner, with Mr.
Coggeshal and I. Underword[sic] on board returned from Bass's Strait,
whither they went on an experiment to save the hull of the Surprise French
schooner, of which the former was supercargo, wrecked some time since
on the Sister Island, with the loss of the Master and part of her crew.
From the position, and the shattered state in which the hull of the above
vessel was found, it was conjectured the tempestuous weather which prevailed
in the month of December last had so powerfully operated upon her as
to render an attempt to restore her useless.
Failing of success in this quarter, Underwood thought of making a similar
experiment on the hull of the Diana, a small vessel,
of which he was part-owner, that had stranded on the Capuchin, about
30 miles distant from the former. Although the condition he found her
in was by no means promising, yet, with such assistance as he had provided
himself, and his own indefatigable exertion, he accomplished this project.
The Diana, now called the Surprise,
after undergoing such repair as circumstances would admit of, actually
sailed for King's Island on the 14th ultimo, to take in the
sealing party employed here by Messrs. Kable and Underwood.
||Yesterday, shortly before our Paper went to Press,
arrived within the Heads His Majesty's ship Glatton,
commanded by Capt. Colnet, from England, with Prisoners of both sexes.
An article from the Hague of the 16th of June, states that
the Batavian Government is about to distribute, at a very low rate, considerable
tracts of land on the coast of Guinea and at the Cape of Good Hope, on
condition that those who may accept of them will clear and cultivate
them. It is expected that numbers of cultivators will be attracted from
different parts of Germany.
Came in on Thursday, His Majesty's armed Tender Lady Nelson,
from the Hawkesbury.
Remain with ships as per last, His Majesty's Colonial Schooner Cumberland.
Boats-On Thursday came in the Sophia Maria, Dargon;
and the Hope, Smallwood, with wheat and barley from
Saturday, March 19, 1803
||On Sunday last anchored in the Cove, His Majesty's Ship Glatton,
James Colnett, Esq. Commander, with Prisoners from England, from
whence she sailed the 23d of September last. In her way she put into
Rio de Janeiro to refresh. She left England with 270 Male, and 135
Female Prisoners-seven of the former, and five of the latter died;
brought upwards of 30 Free Settlers. Eight Pieces of Heavy Ordnance,
and a quantity of Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into the
Cove 100 weak people were taken out, and put on board the Supply,
50 of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the General
Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their complaints were
slightly scorbutic, of which they are recovering very fast.
||On Sunday morning arrived the Bridgewater, Capt. E.H. Palmer, with
Flour and Stores from England, and a great quantity of Salt Meat
from the Cape of Good Hope, sent by Vice-Admiral Sir R. Curtis. The
day before the Bridgewater left the Cape, His Majesty's Sloop Imogen arrived from England, with orders to General Dundas and Sir R. Curtis,
not to evacuate the Cape; from which it is to be apprehended a misunderstanding
had taken place between England and Holland-perhaps with the French
The Bridgewater has on board a Private Investment, in which
the following articles are comprised, viz. 200 hhds of Ale and
Brown Stout, Soap, Cordage, Shoes, Men's Cloathing, Tobacco,
Irish Linen, Watches, Leather, Harness and Sadlery, 20 hhds of
Crockery, Slops, 24 casts of Constantia, &c.
||On Saturday the 12th instant arrived from King's Island,
with skins and oil, the sloop Surprise (formerly the Diana), belonging
to Messrs. Kable and Underwood.
||On Saturday night last a quantity of wheat and barley
was taken out of a small sloop, called the Sophia Maria,
by a set of villains who lurk about the Wharf to take advantage of
the absence, or criminal negligence of persons who are left in charge
of boats and other small craft.
On Thursday arrived from the Hawkesbury, the Frances Colonial
Schooner, laden with wheat.
Remain His Majesty's ship Glatton, Buffalo Porpoise,
Armed Tender Lady Nelson, and Cumberland Colonial
Schooner; the Bridgewater, Castle of Good Hope,
and the Greenwich and Venus Whaler.
Mr. Moore, has received the Governor's instructions to provide a quantity
of the best timer that can be procured for Ship-building.
He has already been out to survey and make choice of the wood; and on
Monday next a number of carpenters and labourers will begin work. The
trees are to be hewed according tot he ?, and put on board His Majesty's
ship Glatton, to be conveyed to England.-Red and other gums, string and
iron bark, mahogany, and other hardwoods will be selected in preference
to any other.
On Wednesday last the Surprise sloop was put up to Auction, and purchased
by Mr. Fisck. (formerly an Officer on board the Surprise French Schooner),
for 117 guineas;-but was afterwards re-sold to Messrs. Kable and Underwood,
the original Owners.
At an Examination before the Magistrates on Saturday last (the 12th instant),
Ann Jackson was committed to prison on suspicion of having stolen a good
ring, and other property, from the dwelling-house of Mrs. Sarah Broadhurst.
The Governor judges it expedient to suspend so much of the General Orders
of Dec. 26, 1800; Jan. 23, Feb. 6 and 10, 1802, as respects Military
Persons, beating their servants assigned by Government, being tried
by a General Court Martial for that offence. But, persons of every
description within this Territory, and its Dependencies, can have redress
for assaults and every other misdemeanor, by Action or Indictment,
before the Civil or Criminal Courts, to which they will in future resort.
And it is to be clearly understood, that any person whatever, being
proved to have beaten the convicts assigned to them instead of having
recourse to the Magistrates, will be deprived of that accommodation
By Command of His
Excellency W.N. Chapman, Sec.
Government House, March 9, 1803.
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