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Sailings to Australia and New Zealand As Referenced In Books

The following information has been extracted from a variety of books. The references for the books are given at the bottom and contain a very brief description of the content.

Trivia

(from Rights of Passage)

  • between 1860-1900 there were 1,317 direct sailings to Australia
  • 68.3% by sail which equals 59% of the total emigrants
  • 15 % of emigrants and 10% of voyages were from Hamburg, Germany
  • in the 1880s three quarters of the emigrants came by steamship
  • by the 1890s 99% of the emigrants came by steamship
  • although the Corinth, 614 tons, sailed London-Moreton Bay 15 times between 1872-1885, it only carried a total of 101 passengers
  • the Indus only made 7 voyages between 1870-1877 and it carried 3,261 passengers

(from Oceans of Consolation items for an 1861 voyage from a letter home)

"...When her Brother William & Johny Regan Came out the Sort of Provisions that the[sic] found best to answer was flour potatoes a few salt Herrings and a little Ham. Now these things she Could Bring from home, Say- Cwt potatoes 30 lb flour four or five Doz Salt Herrings & a little Ham, and to have these things put in her day Box and to have it in her Berth, so that she can get it any time on the passage. The Ships Allowance is plenty for a passenger But the above named articles is rather Scarce."p. 221

Vessel From To Date
(sailing date unless noted)
Comments Reference
A. Lyons ? ? arr. Sept 1857   Ocean, p. 58
Abyssinian ? ? arr. Sept 1859   Ocean, p. 58
Africana ? ? 1864   Ocean, p. 423
Alfred Hawley ? ? 1860s 420 tons; wooden barque Rights, p. 85
Alfred ? Sydney 1860   Ocean, p. 179
Araminta ? Sydney arr. July 1854   Ocean, p. 54 & 58
Beausite ? ? 1863 9 babies born on voyage were named after vessel Rights, p. 261
Beejapour London/Cork ? 1863   Rights, p. 301, 302
Ben Nervis ? Melbourne arr. Jan 1859   Ocean, p. 197
Black Eagle Liverpool, England March 1st 1857 Victoria arr. June 1857   Ocean, p. 396
Blanche Moore ? Melbourne arr. June 1855   Ocean, p. 198
Blenheim Cork Port Jackson 27 July 1834
14 Nov 1834
convict vessel Ocean, p. 163
Caduceus Southampton Melbourne arr. Aug 1863 (88 days) 400 pass.; ship was "in good order and very clean, thus accounting in a great measure for the healthy state" of pass. Ocean, p. 390
Candahar Plymouth Port Adelaide Oct 1851 (115 days) three-masted; "a very easy ship although not a fast one"; master "a very agreeable man" Ocean, p. 97
Caribou ? Sydney arr. Oct 1859 (89 days)   Ocean, p. 423 & 436
Caroline ? ? arr. Oct 1854   Ocean, p. 58
Carpentaria Liverpool Melbourne arr. Aug 1854 1,460 tons, belonging to Mr. Duncan Gibb Ocean, p. 273
Cesar Godeffroy ? ? 1862   Rights, p. 293
Champion of the Seas ? Melbourne March 1857   Ocean, p. 197
Chariot of Flame ? Melbourne arr. Jan 1862   Ocean, p. 202
Coldstream ? ? arr. Jan 1863   Ocean, p. 58
Columbia ? ? arr. Sept 1954   Ocean, p. 58
Compeer   Melbourne arr. March 1864   Ocean, p. 202
Confiance Liverpool Geelong arr. April 1853 (125 days) 400 pass.; bad voyage and many deaths; scurvy and whooping cough23 child. & 4 women die; six weeks in quarantine "most Shamefull on the part of the government to send a lot of sick people on shore on such a wild uncultivated unchristian like place as this', where beef and damper were the only food for the living and where the dad were buried like dogs." Ocean, p. 187
Corlic ? ? 1875   Rights, p. 249
Cuzco London Melbourne 12 Aug 1892 (7 wks) Royal Mail Steamer of Orient Line; 43 steerage 17 guineas fare Ocean, p. 233
Dacca, SS     May 1890 223 domestics Rights, p. 302
David McIver ? New South Wales Feb 1856   Ocean, p. 415 & 423
Dorunda, SS ? ? 1885   Rights, p. 250
Duke of Argyll, SS ? ? 1885   Rights, p. 297
Dunbar Castle Plymouth Brisbane arr. Oct 1880 (15 wks.) 293 pass. of which half were Irish Ocean, p. 142
E. Empire ? ? arr. Nov 1862   Ocean, p. 58
Earl Granville ? ? 1883 Bounty vessel Rights, p. 296
Eastern Empire Plymouth Sydney arr. Nov 1862 (99 days)   Ocean, p. 423
Ebba Brahe ? Melbourne arr. 9 months after Champion of the Seas   Ocean, p. 197
Emperor ? ? arr. June 1851   Ocean, p. 58
Erin go Bragh ? Brisbane arr. Aug 1862 typhoid and measles raging Ocean, p. 335
Erin-go-Bragh ? ?   first babe born on St. Patrick's Day, named Mary Patrick Rights, p. 261
Erin-go-Bragh Liverpool / Cork Moreton Bay 7 Feb 1862 longest voyage - 196 days; Black Ball Line; Chartered by Bishop Quinn Rights, p. 55
FitzJames ? Sydney 1860   Ocean, p. 179
Flying Cloud Liverpool Hervey's Bay arr. 30 April 1870 (87 days)   Ocean, p. 254
Gauntlet ? ? 1877 Scarlet fever Rights, p. 250
Golconda ? ? arr. May 1857   Ocean, p. 58
Golden City London/Plymouth Brisbane Oct 1864
3 Jan 1865 (77 days)
Black Ball Line; 500 pass. Ocean, p. 299 & p. 305
Great Victoria ? ? 1865   Rights, p. 297
H. More ? ? arr. May 1860   Ocean, p. 58
Henry Fernie Liverpool Melbourne 8 Sept 1862
26 Dec 1862
Black Ball vessel; 300 pass. (list in the PROV) Ocean, p. 230
Indus ? ? 1872   Rights, p. 257
J. Temperley ? ? arr. Aug 1863   Ocean, p. 58
James Baines Liverpool Melbourne arr. Dec 1854 (63 days) 600 pass.; Black Ball Line; maiden voyage; named after founder of company; 13,000 running yards of canvas Ocean, p. 177
Kate ? ? 1851   Ocean, p. 283
Kate ? ? arr. Dec. 1856   Ocean, p. 58
La Rochelle ? ? 1862   Rights, p. 248
La Rochelle Hamburg Brisbane 1865 73 deaths; typhus fever Rights, p. 266
Lammershagen Hamburg Queensland 1873 382 souls, 17 births; 43 days in quarantine; 94 day voyage; for more details see
Newspaper account
List of Passengers
Alpha Passenger list
Rights, p. 256
Lorena Dublin Melbourne arr. Feb 1853   Ocean, p. 98
M. Star ? ? arr. Sept 1864   Ocean, p. 58
Marian Moore Liverpool Melbourne arr. 16 Feb 1853 (92 days) maiden voyage; 500 pass. Ocean, p. 187
Matoaka ? ? arr. May 1855   Ocean, p. 58
Monsoon ? ? arr. Aug 1854   Ocean, p. 54 & 58
Naval Reserve ? ? 1865 13 births Rights, p. 256
Navarino Portsmouth Port Adelaide Sept 1851 (89 days)   Ocean, p. 97
Neptune Plymouth Port Phillip March 1841   Ocean, p. 363
Netherby ? ? 1865 a baby was born with 24 hours of the ship wreck Rights, p. 262
Nuddea, SS ? ? 1883   Rights, p. 250
Nuddea, SS ?> ? ? ? Rights, 271
Ocean Empress ? Melbourne arr. July 1865   Ocean, p. 168
Peter Godeffroy Hamburg ? 1865 284 souls, 59 deaths 5 births; 121 day voyage Rights, p. 266
Racehorse ? ? arr. Sept 1866   Ocean, p. 58
Ramillies ? Sydney arr. Aug 1850 (4 mths)   Ocean, p. 274
Renfrewshire ? ? 1884 Bounty vessel Rights, 262
Renfrewshire ? ? 1875   Rights, 291
Rockliff ? ? arr. July 1863   Ocean, p. 58
Roma, SS ? ? 1883   Rights, p. 1883
Royal Dane ? ? 1865   Rights, p. 297
Royal Charter Liverpool Melbourne arr. 1859 wrecked on way home in Oct 1859 Ocean, p. 187
Saldanha Liverpool/Greenock Brisbane Sept 1863 (136 days) 614 pass., 16 deaths; Black Ball Line Ocean, p. 335
Sandringham ? ? arr. June 1864   Ocean, p. 58
Scotish Hero ? ? 1883   Rights, p. 250
Scottish Admiral ? ? 1883   Rights, p. 251
Selkirkshire Glasgow ? 1882   Rights, p. 261, 301
Shakespeare Hamburg ? 1871 66 cases of smallpox Rights, p. 232
Silhet Gravesend ? 9 Oct 1885   Rights, p. 301
Southesk ? ? 1882   Rights, p. 252
Sultana Liverpool / Queenstown Hervey's Bay (Maryborough) Nov 1865 567 souls, 77 deaths, 11 births; 115 day voyage Rights, p. 264
Taroba, SS ? ? 1889   Rights, p. 251
Telegraph ? ? arr. Oct 1860   Ocean, p. 58
Wanata ? ? arr. Sept 1864   Ocean, p. 58
Wandrahm Hamburg Moreton Bay ? 66 deaths; 22 died in quarantine Rights, p. 267
Wilhlemsburg ? ? 1863 wrecked, 257 lives lost Rights, p. 255
William Metcalfe Tipperary Port Phillip 1839   Ocean, p. 164

References

Rights of Passage: Emigration to Australia in the nineteenth century, by Helen Woolcock, 1986. This book has information on conditions on board ships, medical facilities and other items of interest.

Oceans of Consolation, by David Fitzpatrick, 1994. This book contains letters written home from Australia by several different people.

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