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SHIP DESCRIPTIONS - C

C Descriptions C/CA to CH | CI to CZ

Please note that ships often changed hands and names many times. If an entry is just the name of the vessel followed by a "see..." then that vessel was renamed and you will find the full history under the redirected name

C. F. FUNCH / ALPS 1871
1,501 gross tons, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built 1871 by J. Key & Sons, Kinghorn as the ALPS for the Glasgow & South American SS Co. 1873 sold to the White Cross Line, Antwerp, renamed C. F. FUNCH. 15th May 1873 started first voyage Antwerp - New York. 24th Aug.1876 arrived in Flushing Roads with cargo on fire, beached and burnt out, broke in two.

C.F. TIETGEN / ROTTERDAM / DWINSK 1897
The DWINSK was built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast in 1897 as the third ROTTERDAM for the Holland America Line. She was an 8,302 gross ton ship, length 470.3ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 200-1st, 150-2nd and 2,000-3rd class. Launched on 18/2/1897, she sailed from Rotterdam on her maiden voyage to Boulogne and New York on 18/8/1897. She started her last voyage on this service on 17/2/1906 and then went to the Scandinavian American Line and was renamed C.F.TIETGEN. See the Norwegian emigration site . On 26/4/1906 she commenced her first Copenhagen - Christiania (Oslo) - Christiansand - New York voyage and started her last voyage on this service on 6/11/1913. She then went to the Russian American Line, was renamed DWINSK and commenced sailings between Libau and New York on 10/2/1914. Her last voyage on this service started 28/7/1914 and she transferred to Archangel - Hammerfest - New York sailings on 20/9/1914. In 1917 she was put under Cunard management and sailed under the British flag until 18/6/1918 when she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.151, 400 miles from Bermuda. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3, p.1356]

CABO DE BUENA ESPERANZA / HOOSIER STATE / PRESIDENT LINCOLN / MARIA DEL CARMEN 1920
12,594 gross tons, length 157.42m x beam 22.00m, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 18 knots, accommodation for 262-1st, 134-2nd and 454-steerage class passengers. Launched 23rd Oct.1920 by New York Shipbuilding Co, Camden, N.J as the HOOSIER STATE for the U.S. Shipping Board, and sailed San Francisco - Manila for Pacific Mail Line. 1922 renamed PRESIDENT LINCOLN, 1925 transferred to Dollar Line, 1938 transferred to American President Line, 1940 sold to Berge y Cia, Spain renamed MARIA DEL CARMEN and sailed Columbia River - Los Angeles - Balboa - Panama Canal - Havana - Cadiz. 1940 sold to Ybarra y Cia renamed CABO DE BUENA ESPERANZA and on 4th Sep.1940 started her first voyage Cadiz - Pernambuco - Buenos - Aires - Rio de Janeiro - Pernambuco - Bilbao. 1958 scrapped at Barcelona.

CABO DE HORNOS / EMPIRE STATE / PRESIDENT WILSON / MARIA PIPA 1920
12,597 gross tons, length 157.42m x beam 22.00m, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 18 knots, accommodation for 262-1st, 134-2nd and 454-steerage class passsengers. Launched 4th Aug.1920 by New York Shipbuilding Corp, Camden, N.J as the EMPIRE STATE for the US Shipping Board and sailed San Francisco - Manila for Pacific Mail Line, 1922 renamed PRESIDENT WILSON, 1925 transferred to Dollar Line, 1938 transferred to American President Line, 1940 sold to Berge y Cia, Spain, renamed MARIA PIPA and sailed Seattle - Los Angeles - Balboa - Valparaiso - Straits of Magellan - Buenos Aires. 1940 sold to Ybarra y Cia, Spain renamed CABO DE HORNOS and on 15th Aug.1940 started her first voyage Buenos Aires - Rio de Janeiro - Bilbao. 1959 scrapped at Aviles.

CACHAR 1883
3,645 gross tons, length 344.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 11 knots. There was accommodation for 24-1st, 24-2nd and 1,600-steerage class passengers. Built by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediteranee, La Seyne, she was launched for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation, Marseilles on 30th Oct.1883. She was used on the Marseilles to French Indo-China service but on 18th Apr.1888 left Marseilles on a single round voyage to Naples and New York. After this, she made spasmodic voyages on the Marseilles - South America route until 1890 when the service ceased. She made one more voyage to New York in Feb.1891 during which voyage, she lost her rudder on the homeward leg and was towed into Halifax on 2nd April. After this. the company concentrated on the Far East service until 1904 when they went into liquidation and the CACHAR was sold to Messageries Maritimes. She was scrapped at Genoa in 1914. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3, p.1172 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CACHEMIRE 1883 / BITHYNIE
3360 gross tons, length 344.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, two masts, iron and steel construction, single screw, speed 11 knots. Built by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediterranee, La Seyne, she was launched for the French company Cie Nationale de Navigation, Marseilles on 29th Dec.1883. Her first voyage from Marseilles to Naples, New York started on 7th Nov.1886 and her 14th and last North Atlantic sailing on this service started 31st Mar.1894. In 1902 she was sold to Paquet and renamed BITHYNIE. Resold in Ju.1907 and scrapped in Italy. {North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.1171 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CADACEUS 1854
The CADACEUS was a 1,006 ton ship rigged vessel, belonging to Shaw Savill & Co. Built in 1854 by Fletcher, Son & Fearnall, London, her dimensions were - length 56.75m (186.2ft) x beam10.36m (34ft) x depth 6.55m (21.5ft) and wooden construction. Completed in1854 and chartered to Shaw Savill & Co for several voyages, she was purchased by them in 1869 and sailed out of Liverpool. In 1873 she was sold to H.Edwards of South Shields and used as a Spanish trader.

CAIRNRONA / CONSUELO / ALBANIA / POLERIC 1900
The CAIRNRONA was built by Swan & Hunter, Wallsend-on-Tyne in 1900 as the CONSUELO for the Wilson Line of Hull. She was a 6,025 gross ton ship, length 461.5ft x beam 52.1ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 12 knots. She had accommodation for 13-1st class passengers. Launched on 3/2/1900, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Hull to New York on 5/8/1900. She made her last voyage for Wilson's when she left Hull on 1/3/1908 for Boston and New York. In 1909 she was sold to the Thomson Line, renamed CAIRNRONA and refitted to carry 50-1st and 800-3rd class passengers and with a tonnage of 7,640 tons. She made her first voyage from London to St John NB in Jan 1910 (arr 25/1/1910) and a further voyage (arr 11/3/1910). In April 1910 she suffered fire in her coal bunkers while off Beachy Head in the English Channel and over 700 passengers were transferred temporarily to the Furness Withy cargo steamer KANAWHA. The fire was extinguished and she returned to London and sailed again on 16th April for Quebec and Montreal. She commenced her last voyage on 8/4/1911 when she left St John NB for London. In 1911 she was sold to Cunard and renamed ALBANIA. She commenced the first Cunard voyage to the St Lawrence when she left London on 2/5/1911 for Southampton, Quebec and Montreal. Her last voyage on this service commenced 17/10/1911 and in 1912 she was sold to the Bank Line (Andrew Weir & Co) and renamed POLERIC. She was scrapped in 1930. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3, p.966, vol.4, p.1420]

CAIRO / ROYAL EDWARD 1907
The ROYAL EDWARD was a 11,117 gross ton ship, length 526.1ft x beam 60.2ft, two funnels, two masts, triple screw and a speed of 19 knots. Accommodation for 344-1st, 210-2nd and 560-3rd class passengers. Built by Fairfield Co, Glasgow, she was launched as the CAIRO in July 1907 for the British owned Egyptian Mail Line. Used on the Marseilles - Alexandria service, she proved unprofitable and was laid up in 1909. Sold to Canadian Northern Steamships, Toronto in 1910 and started her first Avonmouth - Quebec - Montreal voyage on 12th May 1910. Her last sailing on this route started in Sep.1914 and she was then taken up as a troopship. On 14th Aug.1915 she was torpedoed and sunk in the Aegean Sea by the German submarine UB.14 with the loss of 935 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.1433]

CALABRIA 1870 see AUSTRALASIAN 1857

CALABRIA 1901
The CALABRIA was a 4,376 gross ton ship built by D&W.Henderson Ltd, Glasgow in 1901 for the Anchor Line of Glasgow. Her details were - length 376ft x beam 47.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 20-1st and 1,150-3rd class passengers. Launched on 9/4/1901, she sailed from Leghorn on her maiden voyage to Naples and New York on 23/5/1901. From 1901-1921 (including the 1914-1918 war years) she sailed between Mediterranean ports and New York, and commenced her last voyage on 8/9/1921 when she left Trieste for Patras, Palermo, New York (arr.2/10/1921), Vigo (5/11/1921), Havana, New York (arr.26/11/1921, dep.1/12/1921) and Glasgow. She then made a single round voyage between Glasgow and New York (starting 22/12/1921) and was then laid up and was sold for scrap on 5/2/1923 and broken up at London. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.465] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.9, Anchor Line]

CALABRO 1890
2,103 gross tons, length 275ft x beam 38.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 60-1st and 750-3rd class passengers. Built by Sunderland Shipbuilding Co, Sunderland (engines by North Eastern Marine Engineering Co, Newcastle), she was launched for Puglia Societa di Navigazione, Bari on 24th Mar.1890. Used initially on Mediterranean and Black Sea services, she started her first voyage from Genoa for Naples, St.Vincent, Montevideo, Buenos Aires and Rosario on 11th Jan.1891. She continued on this service until 1904 when she was sold to the French, Compagnie.Mixte and renamed MOULOYA. She was scrapped in 1930.[South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CALCUTTA / DARLING DOWNS / PORTUGAL 1850?
The DARLING DOWNS was a originally a barque rigged screw steamer and was one of seven near sister ships built by C.J.Mare & Co, Blackwall for the General Screw Steam Shipping Co and was launched as the CALCUTTA. Her dimensions were - length 258.5ft x beam 40ft and her gross tonnage was given at various times as 2,080, 2,242, 2,428 and 1,715 tons. Her engines were by Maudsley, Sons & Field and she had a designed speed of 9 knots, but actually reached 10.5 knots. The company ran services to the Mediterranean, India, Australia and the USA and the CALCUTTA made a single round voyage between Southampton, Port Phillip and Sydney in 1854. Transferred to the South America service in 1857 and in 1859 was sold to the Anglo-Luso-Brazilian Royal Mail Steam Nav.Co., registered in Portugal and renamed PORTUGAL. Employed on the Milford Haven(later Liverpool) - Lisbon - South America service. Sold in 1861, reverted to her original name of CALCUTTA, her engines were removed and she was re-rigged as a ship(square rigged on each mast). She later became the DARLING DOWNS and on 12th May 1887 was in collision near the Nore lightship and sank. Her owners were Taylor, Sons & Co (formerly Taylor, Bethell & Roberts), London at the time. [Ship "Darling Downs" by J.O.Ramos, Sea Breezes Magazine, Oct.1970]

CALEDONIA 1863
The CALEDONIA was built by Tod & MacGregor, Glasgow in 1863 for the Anchor Line. She was a 1,393 gross ton ship, length 261.5ft x beam 33.1ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 40-1st, 90-2nd and 300-3rd class passengers. Launched on 29/10/1863, she sailed from Glasgow on her maiden voyage to Portland and New York on 11/12/1863. Between 1863 - 1872 she sailed between Glasgow and New York except for a single round voyage in Feb 1870 Glasgow - Palermo - New York and Glasgow. In 1872 she was rebuilt to 2,125 gross tons, fitted with compound engines and her accommodation increased to 60-1st and 550-3rd class. On 10/7/1872 she resumed Glasgow - Moville - New York sailings and in August 1874 commenced her first Glasgow - Genoa - Naples - New York - Glasgow voyage. She made two round voyages on this service and in March 1875 made a single Glasgow - Liverpool - Bombay voyage. From 1875-80 she was used for the Glasgow - Mediterranean - New York - Glasgow service, 1880-81 London - Halifax - Boston (8 round voyages), 1881-84 Glasgow - Mediterranean - New York - Glasgow, 1884-86 London - Halifax - Boston (11 round voyages), 1886-96 Glasgow - Mediterranean - New York - Glasgow. On 6/5/1896 she left Genoa on her last voyage to Naples, New York (arr 19/6/1896), and Glasgow and on 23/4/1897 was sold and scrapped in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.452]

CALEDONIA 1894
7,558 gross tons, length 486ft x beam 54.2ft, two funnels, four masts, single screw, speed 18 knots, accommodation for 365-1st and 175-2nd class passengers. Built 1894 by Caird & Co, Greenock for P & O Steam Navigation Co. she was used on the UK - India service. On 14th Dec.1916 she struck two mines off Marseilles, her passengers were discharged and a skeleton crew took her into Marseilles where she was repaired and returned to service. On 29th Dec.1917 she was commissioned as a troop transport (No.C.6021) and carried over 104,000 troops without loss. 1920 refitted by A. Stephen & Sons, Linthouse and returned to commercial service. In 1925 a routine examination at Bombay showed a cracked propeller shaft and she was sold to Goolam Hossein Essaji, Bombay for scrapping. [P & O, A Fleet History by S. Rabson & K. O'Donoghue, ISBN 0-905617-45-2 contains photos of the ship]

CALEDONIA 1904
She was a 9,223 gross ton ship, length 500ft x beam 58.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. Accommodation for 383-1st, 216-2nd and 829-3rd class passengers. Built by D & W. Henderson Ltd, Glasgow, she was launched for the Anchor Line on 22nd Oct.1904. Her maiden voyage started on 25th Mar.1905 when she sailed from Glasgow for Moville and New York. Her last voyage on this service started 11th Jul.1914 and in August of that year she became a troopship. On 8th Aug. she left for Dublin and France and then operated mainly from Bombay to the Mediterranean with Indian troops. In march 1915 she took part in the Dardanelles campaign and then on the North Atlantic ferrying Canadian troops to Plymouth. She then returned to the Mediterranean and on 4th Dec.1916, while en route from Salonika to Malta to refit, she was torpedoed and sunk by an enemy submarine while 125 miles E by S of Malta. The captain of the CALEDONIA tried to ram the submarine and actually struck her, but was taken prisoner and handed over for trial in Germany. (Captain Fryatt of the BRUSSELS had previously been tried and executed for a similar act). The Germans were informed that if such an act occurred, a German officer of similar rank would be shot and Capt. Blaikie of the CALEDONIA was sent to an officers POW camp.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.9, Anchor Line] [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.466]

CALEDONIA / SCOTSTOUN 1925
The CALEDONIA was a 17,046 gross ton ship, built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for the Anchor Line. Her details were - length 553ft x beam 70.4ft, three funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. Accommodation provided for 205-1st, 403-2nd and 796-3rd class passengers. Her keel was laid in Feb 1920 but she wasn't launched until 22/4/1925 and started her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Moville and New York on 3/10/1925. In Oct 1930 she was refitted to carry 1st, tourist and 3rd class, and in March 1936 altered to carry cabin, tourist and 3rd class. She was reconditioned in 1938 with remodelled 3rd class accommodation, new propellers and a speed of 17 knots. In June 1939 she commenced her last N.Atlantic voyage from Glasgow to Moville, Boston, New York, Boston, Moville and Glasgow and in September 1939 was converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser and renamed SCOTSTOUN. On 13/6/1940 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-25, 80 miles west of Barra Island, Hebrides with the loss of 6 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.470] She was wrecked in 1874. [Merchant Fleets, vol.10, Shaw Savill & Albion by Duncan Haws]

CALEDONIAN 1900
Owned by the Leyland Line, Liverpool. 4,986 gross tons, length 426.5ft x beam 50.3ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for about 20-1st class passengers. Built 1900 by Caledon Shipbuilding Co., Dundee, she was launched on 3rd Mar.1900 and started her maiden voyage Dundee to New York on 4th Jun.1900. After this, she sailed Liverpool to New York or Boston. 1930 scrapped at Rotterdam. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.987 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CALEDONIAN PRINCESS / TUXEDO PRINCESS 1961
3630 g.t., 353ft x 55ft, twin screw, speed 20.5 knots. Built 1961 by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton for British Transport Commission (Caledonian Steam Packet Co) Stranraer - Larne twice daily service. 1967 for tax avoidance reasons, she transferred to British Railways Board ownership, operated by Caledonian Steam Packet Co. May 1968 transferred to Holyhead - Dun Laoghaire service. Jan.1969 owned by British Transport (Ship Management), Scotland, Ltd. Used on Fishguard - Rosslare route. May 1970 reverted to Stranraer - Larne route. May - June 1972 operated the Newhaven - Dieppe service under charter to BR / SNCF service then put on Fishguard - Rosslare route. Found to be too slow and reverted to Stranraer berth. 1975 used as a stand by ship at Newhaven then put on the Weymouth - Channel Islands service. 1981 Dover - Boulogne route. Oct.1981 laid up at Newhaven. Dec.1982 acquired by Quadrini Groupfor use as a leisure centre at Gateshead, Feb.1983 towed to the Tyne and moored at Hillgate Quay, renamed TUXEDO PRINCESS. Nov.1984 damaged by fire, but repaired. July 1988 towed to Glasgow for same usage, renamed CALEDONIAN PRINCESS. 1994 still in service.

CALGARIAN 1913
17,515 gross tons, length 570ft x beam 70.3ft, two funnels, two masts, four screws and a speed of 18 knots. Accommodation for 280-1st, 500-2nd and 900-3rd class passengers. Built by Fairfield Co Ltd, Glasgow, she was launched for the Allan Line on 19th Apr.1913. Her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Quebec started on 8th May 1914 and her fifth and last voyage on this service started on 25th Aug.1914. Taken over and converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser, she became the flagship of the 10th Cruiser Squadron. Detailed to blockade the port of Lisbon and later performed similar duties in the vicinity of New York. The remainder of her career was spent as an armed convoy ship, and on 1st Mar.1918 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.19 off Rathlin Island with the loss of 49 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.325]

CALIFORNIA 1872
This was a 3,287 gross ton ship, length 361.5ft x beam 40.5ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 150-1st, 80-2nd and 700-3rd class passengers. 3rd class was later increased to 1,200. Built by A. Stephen & Sons, Glasgow (engines by Finnieston Steamship Works, Glasgow), she was launched for the Anchor Line on 12th Mar.1872. On 15th Jun.1872 she left Glasgow on her maiden voyage to Moville, Ireland and New York and started her last voyage on this route on 21st Jun.1878. She transferred to London - New York sailings on 25th Jul.1878 and in 1881 was fitted with new compound engines. Her last London - New York sailing commenced 5th Apr.1882, and between 1882 - 1887 she sailed between Glasgow - Liverpool - Calcutta or Bombay. In July 1887 she started a single round voyage between Glasgow, Liverpool, Calcutta, Marseilles, New York and Glasgow and in Jan.1888 sailed from Glasgow for Trieste, Naples, New York, Gibraltar, Port Said and Bombay. In Aug.1888 she sailed from Glasgow for Mediterranean ports, New York and Glasgow and between 1888-1904 was used on the Mediterranean - New York service (58 Round voyages). Her last voyage started on 16th Feb.1904 when she left Marseilles for Genoa, Naples, Palermo and New York. She was scrapped at Genoa in Dec.1904. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.457]

CALIFORNIA / IRLAND / WINELAND 1882
This was Hamburg America Line's CALIFORNIA. She was a 2,690 gross ton ship, length 300.5ft x beam 38.7ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Accommodation for 1,250-3rd class passengers. Built by Sir W.G.Armstrong, Mitchell & Co, Walker-on-Tyne (engines by Wallsend Slipway Co), she was launched for the Carr Line, Hamburg on 27th Dec.1882. Her maiden voyage from Hamburg to New York started 15th Mar.1883 and her last for these owners started 24th May 1888. Taken over by Hamburg America Line in May 1888, she resumed Hamburg - New York sailings on 13th July 1888 and continued this service until commencing her last sailing on 18th Oct.1897. Sold to German owners the same year, she was renamed IRLAND and in 1898 was sold to Forenede Dampskibs, Copenhagen and renamed WINELAND. She was scrapped in 1904.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.395] [Merchant Fleets by D.Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

CALIFORNIA 1907
The CALIFORNIA was built for the Anchor Line in 1907 by D&W.Henderson Ltd, Glasgow. 8,662 gross tons, length 470ft x beam 58.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 232-1st, 248-2nd and 734-3rd class. Launched on 9th Jul.1907, she started her maiden voyage on 10th Oct.1907 when she left Glasgow for Moville (Ireland) and New York. On 28th Jun.1914 she stranded on Tory Island, N.Ireland; was refloated on 20th Aug, and repaired in Glasgow. She resumed Glasgow - Liverpool - New York sailings for the Cunard - Anchor joint service in Oct.1915 and commenced her last Glasgow - New York voyage on 12th Jan.1917. On 7th Feb.1917 when homeward bound, she was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine while 38 miles W by S of Fastnet Island, Ireland with the loss of 43 lives. (North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.466)

CALIFORNIA 1923
The CALIFORNIA was built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for the Anchor Line of Glasgow. This was a 16,792 gross ton ship, length 553ft x beam 70.4ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 251-1st, 465-2nd and 1,044-3rd class passengers. Her keel was laid in Oct 1919 but she wasn't launched until 17/4/1923 and commenced her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Moville (Ireland) and New York on 26/8/1923. Between 1924 and 1937 she made approx.20 Autumn / Winter voyages between Liverpool and Bombay as well as Atlantic crossings. In May 1929 her accommodation was altered to carry 206-cabin, 440-tourist and 485-3rd class passengers. Between Nov 1937 and Feb 1938 she made three trooping voyages and in Feb 1939 re-entered service with remodelled 3rd class accommodation, new propellers and a speed of 17 knots. Her last N.Atlantic voyage commenced 4/8/1939 when she left Glasgow for New York, Boston, Moville and Glasgow and in August was converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser. In April 1942 she became a troopship and on 11/7/1943 was damaged by air attack 320 miles west of Oporto and set on fire with the loss of 46 lives. She was later torpedoed and sunk by an escorting destroyer.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.469]

CALIFORNIAN 1898 see STATE OF CALIFORNIA 1891

CALIFORNIE 1905
5,152 gross tons, length 369.9ft x beam 47.4ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 60-2nd and 900-3rd class passengers. Built 1905 by Ateliers & Chantiers de la France, Dunkirk, for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (French Line). Launched on 20th July and started her maiden voyage on 5th Nov.1905 when she left Le Havre for New York. She started her 31st and last North Atlantic passenger voyage on 13th Apr.1915 when she sailed from Bordeux for Vigo and New York and subsequently made several New York voyages as a cargo steamer. Between July and Nov.1919 she made three Havre - Quebec - Montreal sailings under charter to Cie. Canadienne Transatlantique and then reverted to New York cargo sailings. 1934 scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.2 by N.R.P. Bonsor]

CALULU 1914 see OSNABRUCK 1907

CALUMET / PACIFIC CONCORD / OCEANIC ENTERPRISE 1923
Official No.147204, 7,268 gross tons, length 440ft x beam 59.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 8-1st class passengers in double berth cabins. Completed in March 1923 by John Brown & Co, Clydebank, Glasgow for Elder Dempster's Imperial Direct Line, she was used on the Canada - Cape of Good Hope service. In April 1933 she transferred to Elder Dempster Line and operated the UK - West Africa route. Feb.1936 arrived Freetown with coal bunker on fire. Extinguished after unloading 150 tons of coal. 1955 sold to Cia Maritime Asiatic Panamense S.A, Panama, renamed PACIFIC CONCORD. 1956 sold to Pacific Bulk Carriers Inc, Hong Kong, renamed OCEANIC ENTERPRISE, registered in Panama. Feb.1960 arrived at Mihara, Japan for scrapping. (Calumet is a town on Lake Superior in Michigan) [The Elder Dempster Fleet History by J.E.Cowden and J.O.C.Duffy - ISBN 0-950945-31-5 contains a good photo of the ship]

CALYPSO / CALYX 1904
The CALYPSO of 1904 was built by Earle's Shipbuilding & Engineering Co, Hull for Thomas Wilson & Sons (Wilson Line). She was a 2,876 gross ton ship, length 309.6ft x beam 42.7ft, two funnels, two masts, and when built was the largest North Sea passenger ship with accommodation for 45-1st, 46-2nd and 200-steerage passengers. Additionally, 570 emigrants could be carried in temporary accommodation in the 'tween decks. Launched on 7th Jan.1904, she was used on the Scandinavian and Baltic to UK service until Nov.1914 when she was taken over and converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser. Renamed HMS CALYX, she was used on the North Atlantic with the 10th Cruiser Squadron. She proved too small for service during the severe Atlantic gales of the winter of 1914-15 and was returned to the Wilson Line in June 1915 and resumed her previous name of CALYPSO. While on passage from London to Kristiansand, she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.53 in the Skagerrak off Lindesnes with general cargo. The entire crew of 30 was lost. [The Wilson Line of Hull 1831-1981 by A.G.Credland and M.Thompson] [Wilson Line by John Harrower, published by the World Ship Society]

CAMBRIA 1844
1423 gross tons, length 319ft x beam 35ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts, rigged for sail, wooden hull, side paddle wheels, speed 9 knots. Accommodation for 120-1st class passengers. Built by Robert Steele & Son, Greenock (engines by Robert Napier, Glasgow), launched for Cunard on 1.8.1844. Maiden voyage 4.1.1845 Liverpool - Halifax - Boston. 1.1.1848 first voyage Liverpool - Halifax - New York. Subsequent sailings to New York or Boston. 1853 mizzen (third) mast removed. 30.4.1853 last voyage Liverpool - Halifax - Boston. 31.12.1853 one voyage Havre - Halifax - New York - Liverpool. March 1854 became Crimea War transport. 29.3.1856 one voyage Liverpool - Halifax - Boston. 1856 chartered to European & Australasian Line and ran between Marseilles and Malta. 1860 sold to Italy, then to Sardinian Navy. 1875 scrapped.

CAMBRIA 1869
The CAMBRIA was a 2,141 gross ton ship, length 324.6ft x 35.2ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw, speed 12 knots. Accommodation for 80-1st, 75-2nd and 600-steerage class passengers. Built by R. Duncan & Co., Port Glasgow, she was launched for the Anchor Line on 1st Mar.1869 and sailed on her maiden voyage Glasgow - Moville - New York on 8th May 1869. On 19th Oct.1870 she was wrecked on Inishtrahull Island on her 12th homeward voyage with the loss of 196 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1,p.454 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CAMBRIA / CAMBRIA II 1921
O.N.144971, 3445 g.t., 380.6ft x 45.2ft, twin screw, speed 25 knots. Completed Nov.1921 by Wm. Denny & Bros. Ltd for London & Northwestern Railway Co., Dublin. Used on the Holyhead - Dublin service. 1923 transferred to ownership of London, Midland & Scottish Rly. 1948 transferred to British Transport Commission, London, renamed CAMBRIA II, 1949 scrapped at Milford Haven.

CAMBROMAN 1892
6,059 gross tons, length 430ft x beam 46.3ft, one funnel, four masts, single screw and a service speed of 12 knots. Accommodation for 100-1st class plus 2nd and 3rd class passengers. Built by Laird Bros, Birkenhead, she was launched as a cargo ship for the British & North Atlantic Line on 6th Oct.1892. On 1st Dec.1892 she started her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Boston under charter to the Warren Line and in 1899 was fitted with passenger accommodation. Her first voyage for the Dominion Line started on 28th Jun.1899 when she sailed from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal. On 10th Mar.1902 she sailed from Liverpool for Naples and then commenced Naples - Boston voyages. Her last Boston - Naples crossing started on 19th Sep.1903 and she then returned to Liverpool sailings. On 8th Mar. 1907 she started the first of three Antwerp - New York sailings under charter to the Red Star Line with accommodation for 1,275-3rd class passengers and was eventually scrapped in 1910 [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.809-810]

CAMEO 1876
The CAMEO was a 1,272 gross ton ship, length 245ft x beam 31ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull. Accommodation for 43-1st, 14-2nd and 413-3rd class passengers. Built 1876 by Earle's Shipbuilding Co, Hull (Yard No.208) for Thos. Wilson, Sons & Co., Hull, she was used on the Scandinavia to Grimsby / Hull services. 1896 re-engined. 1908 scrapped at Preston. [Wilson Line by John Harrower]

CAMERONIA 1911
10,963 gross tons, length 515ft x beam 62.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 362-1st, 304-2nd and 802-3rd class passengers. Built by D.& W.Henderson Ltd, Glasgow, she was launched for the Anchor Line on 27th May 1911. On 13th Sep.1911 she started her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Moville and New York, and on 20th Feb.1915 commenced her first Glasgow - Liverpool - New York sailing for the joint Cunard - Anchor Line service. She started her last sailing on this route on 30th Sep.1916 and on 8th Dec.1916 started her last Glasgow - New York sailing. Taken over as a troopship in Jan.1917 she was used between Devonport and the Mediterranean and later within the Mediterranean from Marseilles. On 15th Apr.1917 she was torpedoed at 5.20pm in calm seas by the German submarine U.33, 150 miles east of Malta and sank in 40 mins. She was carrying 2,650 troops from Marseilles to Alexandria and 129 troops and 11 crew members were lost (Bonsor says 229). Some of the survivors were picked up by the escorting destroyer HMS RIFLEMAN, but because of the proximity of the U-Boat, those in the lifeboats were left to be picked up next morning by a sloop which came out from Malta.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.466][Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.9, Anchor Line]

CAMERONIA / EMPIRE CLYDE 1919
The CAMERONIA was built in 1919 by Wm Beardmore & Co Ltd, Glasgow for the Anchor Line of Glasgow. She was a 16,365 gross ton ship, length 552.4ft x beam 70.4ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 265-1st, 370-2nd and 1,100-3rd class passengers. Launched on 23/12/1919, the installation of the final parts of her passenger accommodation were delayed due to a strike and she had to be towed to Cherbourg for completion. She commenced her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Liverpool and New York on 11/5/1921 and between 1921-1924 she made several similar Cunard-Anchor Line voyages. In October 1925 she rescued the crew of the burning US Coastguard cutter "CG 128" off New York and in November of the same year collided with the Norwegian steamer HAUK in the Clyde. In Jan.1926, one voyage had to be abandoned off Ireland due to steering gear failure and she was forced to put back to Glasgow for repair. In August of that year she missed collision with the Cunard liner SAMARIA by only six feet in dense fog. She was refurbished in 1929 to carry 290-cabin, 431-tourist and 698-3rd class passengers. In December 1932 the ship suffered an influenza epidemic and 400 passengers were confined to their beds. It is reported that the ship's doctor made 500 visits a day to his patients. Between Dec.1934 and Oct.1935 the ship was laid up at Glasgow, and from then until April 1936 was used as a troopship to the Far East carrying a total of over 16,000 personnel. In 1936 she was refitted again and on 10/7/1936 resumed the Glasgow - New York service. In 1937 she attended the Spithead Naval Review for the coronation of King George VI and on Sept.5th 1939 left Glasgow and became the first British ship to enter New York after the outbreak of war. She made 11 unescorted transatlantic voyages until she was requisitioned as a troopship in Dec.1940. In Jan.1941 she trooped 3,000 men to Suez via the Cape and then shuttled between Alexandria and Greece, mainly with New Zealanders. In 1942 she took part in the training and run up to the North African landings (Operation Torch) and in Nov.,took part in the landings. She was hit by an aerial torpedo in Dec.1942 with the loss of 17 lives, but reached Bone, Algeria. She returned to Gibralter for repair and thence to the Clyde. In June 1943 she resumed service and participated in carrying the Canadian Tank Division from Malta to Sicily and in June 1944 was the largest troopship to take part in the Normandy landings. In Aug.1945 she was derequisitioned after carrying a total of 163,789 troops over a total distance of 321,323 miles. Laid up as 'worn out' at 25 years of age, she was brought out of retirement in July 1948 and refitted by Barclay Curle at Elderslie for use as an Australian emigration ship, with capacity for 1,266 passengers. On 1/11/1948 she commenced the first of 11 UK-Australia voyages. On 21/1/1953 she was sold to the Ministry of Transport and renamed EMPIRE CLYDE and in March 1958 was scrapped at Newport, Mon. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.468] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.9, Anchor Line]

CAMITO 1915
6,611 Gross tons, length 426ft x beam 54.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 99-1st and 70-2nd class passengers. Built 1915 by A. Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for Elders & Fyffes passenger and banana trade to Jamaica. In 1917 she was damaged by a mine off Northern Ireland but was repaired. At the outbreak of WWII she was requisitioned by the Admiralty, commissioned as HMS CAMITO and converted to an Ocean Boarding Vessel. On 6th May 1941 she was torpedoed and sunk in the North Atlantic by U.97 while escorting the captured Italian tanker SANGRO.

CAMOENS / ORETO / LOGUDORO 1871
Built in 1871 by A.Leslie & Co, Hebburn-on-Tyne for the Lamport & Holt Line, 1,053 gross tons, length 249ft x beam 29ft, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Maiden voyage 12th Apr.1871 Liverpool - Bahia - Rio de Janeiro - Paranagua - Santa Catharina - Rio Grande do Sol. Sold to British owners 1887. Sold NGI Italy 1888 renamed ORETO. Sold Italy 1914 renamed LOGUDORO. Scrapped Italy 1923.

CAMOENS 1900
Built 1900 by Workman, Clark & Co, Belfast for the Lamport & Holt Line. 4,070 gross tons, length 378ft x beam 47.5ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, 11 knots. Maiden voyage 6th Oct.1900 Liverpool - Montevideo - Rosario. Scrapped at Genoa 1924

CAMPANELLO / BRITISH EMPIRE / CAMPANIA / FLAVIA 1901
The CAMPANELLO was built by Palmers & Co Ltd, Jarrow-on-Tyne as the BRITISH EMPIRE for British Shipowners Ltd. She was a 9,001 gross ton ship, length 470ft x beam 56.8ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 70-1st and 2,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 29th Aug.1901, she sailed as a cargo ship for Phoenix Line between Antwerp and New York until 1906 when she was purchased by Navigazione Generale Italiana of Italy who fitted her with passenger accommodation. Renamed CAMPANIA, she started her first passenger voyage on 7th Mar.1907 between Genoa - Naples - Palermo - New York. Her last voyage on this service started 17th May 1909 and on 16th Feb.1910 she commenced her first Hamburg - Rotterdam - Halifax - New York sailing under charter to Northwest Transport. On 5th Apr.1910 she started her second and last sailing for Northwest Transport between Rotterdam - Halifax - New York, and then came under the ownership of Canadian National who chartered her to Uranium Line. She continued on the same service (Rotterdam - Halifax - New York), making three round voyages until in Sept.1910 she came under the ownership of Uranium Line and her name was changed to CAMPANELLO. Her last voyage on this route started 9th Jul.1914 and she then transferred to Avonmouth - Quebec - Montreal sailings in Oct.1914. In 1916 she was sold to Cunard SS Co and renamed FLAVIA. On 24th Aug.1918 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.107 off Tory Island, Northern Ireland.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1117]

CAMPANIA 1892
The CAMPANIA was a 12,950 gross ton ship, length 601ft x beam 65.2ft, two funnels, two masts, single screw and a speed of 21 knots. Accommodation for 600-1st, 400-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by Fairfield Co Ltd, Glasgow, she was launched for the Cunard SS Co on 8th Sep.1892. Her maiden voyage started on 22nd Apr.1893 when she left Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. She made record passages in 1893-1894, her fastes being 5days 9hours 29mins from Queenstown to Sandy Hook. Her last Liverpool - New York voyage started on 25th Apr.1914 and she made 250 voyages on this route. Chartered to the Anchor Line for two Glasgow - New York sailings in 1914, she returned to Cunard's Liverpool - New York service in place of the AQUITANIA which had been requisitioned. Sold to shipbreakers in 1914, she was resold to the British Admiralty and converted to an aircraft carrier. On 5th Nov.1918 she was sunk in collision with HMS REVENGE in the Firth of Forth. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.154]

CAMPHUIJS 1904
2,776 gross ton passenger / cargo ship, length 315.3ft x beam 41.4ft, single screw, speed 12 knots. Delivered Jan.1904 by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam (Yard No.54) for N.V. Koninkl. Paketvaart Mij., Batavia East Indies services. 9th Jan.1942 torpedoed, shelled and sunk by the Japanese submarine I-58 in the Java Sea north of Mandalika in position 04.40S 111.47E on voyage Banjoewangi to Singapore. [Register of Merchant Ships Completed 1903 by Stake / Schell]

CANADA 1848 / MISSISSIPPI
1831 gross tons, length 251ft x beam 38ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts, rigged for sail, wooden hull, side paddle wheels, speed 10 knots. Accommodation for 140-1st class passengers. Built by Robert Steele & Co, Greenock (engines by Robert Napier, Glasgow), and launched for Cunard on 2.6.1848. Maiden voyage 25.11.1848 Liverpool - Halifax - New York. 23.6.1849 first voyage Liverpool - Halifax - Boston. Subsequent sailings to New York or Boston. 27.10.1850 stranded near Halifax, refloated. 18.4.1854 sank brig BELLE (2 deaths). 25.11.1854 collided with SS OCEAN near Boston (3 deaths), 23.12.1865 last voyage Liverpool - Halifax - Boston. 1867 sold to Portugal, converted to a sailing ship and renamed MISSISSIPPI. 1883 reported scrapped.

CANADA 1872 see CAROLINA 1863

CANADA 1896
The CANADA was a 8,806 gross ton ship built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast in 1896 for the Dominion Line. Her details were - length 500.4ft x beam 58.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 200-1st, 200-2nd, and 800-3rd class passengers. She was launched on 14th May1896 and sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on 1st Oct.1896. After two round voyages, she was transferred on 23rd Dec.1896, to the Liverpool - Boston service. From Nov.1899 to late 1902, she was used as a transport ship for the Boer War, and on 19th Mar.1903 she went on the Liverpool - Halifax - Boston run. At this time she was rebuilt to a tonnage of 9,413 tons and on 22nd Apr.1903 she resumed the Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal service. In Nov.1909 she was further altered to carry 463-2nd and 755-3rd class passengers and on 22nd Aug.1914 commenced her last voyage from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal, being used on the return passage to carry part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to Europe. In 1914 she was used as an accommodation ship for German prisoners and between 1915 - 1918 was used as a transport ship. In Nov.1918 she resumed the Liverpool - Portland service until 13th Aug.1926, when she commenced her last voyage from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal. She was scrapped in Italy in 1926.

CANADA 1903 see PRO PATRIA 1893

CANADA 1911
This ship was built by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediterranee, La Seyne (engines by J.Dickinson, Sunderland) in 1911. She was a 9,684 gross ton ship, length 476ft x beam 56.6ft,two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 120-1st, 196-2nd and 1,850-3rd class passengers. Laid down as the SANTA LUCIA, she was launched on 12/8/1911 for the Fabre Line of Marseilles as the CANADA. She commenced her maiden voyage on 3/3/1912 when she sailed from Marseilles for Naples, Palermo and New York. On 19/6/1914 she started her last voyage between Marseilles, New York and Marseilles and in August of that year became a French Hospital Ship. On 15/5/1919 she resumed the Marseilles - New York service until 1/8/1928 when she commenced her last transatlantic voyage between Marseilles, Genoa, Lisbon, New York and Marseilles. In 1930 she was overhauled and transferred to the West coast of Africa service. In World War II she became a hospital ship again until resuming the Marseilles - W.Africa service on 5/10/1947. She was refitted to carry 140-1st, 119-2nd and 85-3rd class passengers and stayed on this service until August 1952, when she was sold and scrapped at Newport, Mon.(S.Wales). [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1135]

CANADA MARU / TAMON MARU No.5 1911
The CANADA MARU was a 6,064 gross ton ship, length 408ft x beam 50ft, twin screw, speed 13 knots. Built by Mitsubishi Dockyard, she was delivered to Osaka Shosen Kaisha, Japan in Jan.1911 and was used mainly on the Japan - Tacoma - BC service until 1920 when she transferred to Japan - South America sailings. 1937 renamed TAMON MARU No.5. She was torpedoed and sunk in 1943. [Pacific Liners 1927-72 by F.Emmons]

CANADIAN 1854
1,764 gross tons, length 277.2ft x beam 33.8ft, clipper bows, two funnels, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Accommodation for 80-1st and 350-3rd class passengers. Launched on 13th July 1854 by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton for Montreal Ocean SS Co. (Allan Line), she started her maiden voyage Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal on 16th Sep.1854. After this voyage she was chartered to Canadian National S.N. Co. and on 7th Nov.1854 started one Liverpool - Portland round voyage. In Dec.1854 she became a Crimean War troopship until 24th Jan.1856 when she made one Glasgow - Boston - New York sailing. On 7th May 1856 she resumed Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailings until 1st Jun.1857 when she was wrecked near Montreal. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1 by N. Bonsor]

CANADIAN 1872
The CANADIAN owned by the Allan Line was a 2,911 gross ton ship built by T.Royden & Sons, Liverpool in 1872. Her details were - length 349.9ft x beam 35.6ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 25-1st and 850-2nd class. Launched in August 1872, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on 23/8/1873. On 2/12/1873 she commenced her first Liverpool - St John's NF - Halifax - Baltimore voyage and on 14/5/1874 started her first Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal crossing. She inaugurated a Glasgow - Montevideo - Buenos Aires service for the Allan Line when she sailed from Glasgow on 11/11/1876 and in 1882 was chartered as a troopship for the Egyptian Expedition. Her first Glasgow - Boston sailing started on 21/5/1884 and her first Glasgow - Philadelphia sailing on 25/6/1884. She left Glasgow on her last North Atlantic voyage on 1/10/1891 and her last Glasgow - S.America voyage on 22/9/1902. She was scrapped the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.314]

CANADIAN CRUISER 1921
This was a 7,178 gross ton ship, uilt in 1921. Owned by the Canadian National Line which ran services to Australia and New Zealand. In 1936 following financial losses, the service as taken over by a joint partnership of Ellerman & Bucknall, New Zealand Shipping Co and Commonwealth & Dominion (Port Line). Named the Montreal, Australia, New Zealand Line, popularly known as the MANZ Line. They made calls at US ports, Jamaica, Vera Cruz, West Indies and South America. There is a photo of the CANADIAN CONSTRUCTOR which was an identical sister ship in the March 1972 edition of Sea Breezes Magazine. She was sunk by the German surface raider ADMIRAL SCHEER on 21st Feb.1941 at position 06.36S 47.18E off the coast of East Africa.

CANADIAN FISHER / MANU / MARION 1921
O.N.150346, 3,687 gross tons, length 331.1ft x beam 46.8ft, completed Jul.1921 by Tidewater Shipbuilders Ltd, Three Rivers, Quebec for Canadian Fisher Ltd (Canadian Government Merchant Marine Ltd), Montreal. 1928 management transferred to Canadian National Steamships. 1929 sold to Cia. Naviera Amaya (C. de Zabala), Bilbao, Spain renamed MANU. 30.10.36 captured by Spanish Nationalist battleship ESPANA during the Spanish Civil War, north of Cabo Ajo on voyage UK to Saltacaballo in ballast. 1937 renamed MARION for R. M. Sloman jr., Hamburg (nominee for Spanish Nationalist Gov't.). 1938 reverted to MANU for Cia. Naviera Amaya, Bilbao. 1947 owned by Catalana Maritima S.A, Bilbao. 1976 scrapped at Cartagena.

CANADIAN HIGHLANDER / ST. LINDSAY 1921
The CANADIAN HIGHLANDER was a 5,370 gross ton ship, 400ft x 52.4ft, built 1921 by Wallace Shipbuilding & Drydock Co, Vancouver for Canadian Highlander Ltd, managed by the Canadian Government, Merchant Marine Ltd, Vancouver. In 1928 she came under the management of Canadian National Steamships Ltd and in 1936 transferred to the Montreal, Australia, New Zealand (MANZ) Line Ltd, Vancouver. Sold to the St. Quentin Shipping Co, Newport, Mon and renamed ST. LINDSAY, she sailed under the British flag until 14th Jun.1941 when she was torpedoed and sunk by the U.751 at approx. 51.00N 30.00W while en route Glasgow to Trinidad and Buenos Aires. All hands were lost.

CANBERRA / ESPANA 1912
The CANBERRA was a 7,710 gross ton ship, 426.5ft x 57.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 15 knots, accommodation for 64-1st and 646-tourist class passengers. Launched on 9th Nov.1912 by A. Stephen & Son, Glasgow for Australian Steamships Proprietary Ltd. Between 1917-1919 she served as a troopship under British India S.N.Co management and in 1925 was badly damaged by fire at Sydney. In 1948 she was towed from Sydney to Singapore, sold to Cia.Maritima del Este, converted from coal to oil burning and registered under the Panamanian flag. July 1950 first voyage Piraeus - Quebec - Montreal (1 voyage). 25th Jul.1950 first voyage Montreal - Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton (3 round voyages). 7th Oct.1950 resumed Montreal - Quebec - Piraeus - Quebec - Montreal (1 round voyage). 5th Jun.1951 first voyage Montreal - Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton - Bremen. 8th Oct.1954 last voyage Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton - Bremen. In Dec.1954 she was sold to the Dominican Republic and renamed ESPANA. 1960 Scrapped in the Dominican Republic. [North Atlantic Seaway vol.4 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CANBERRA / ESPANA 1913
O.N.132441, 7,707 gross tons, length 410ft x beam 57.2ft. twin screw, speed 15 knots. Built by A. Stephen & Sons, Ltd, Glasgow (Yard No.452), she was completed in Mar.1913 for Australian Steamships Ltd., (Howard Smith & Co., managers), Melbourne and used mainly on the Australian coastal passenger trade. 1948 sold to Cia. Maritima del Este, Panama (Ormos Shipping Co., London). Converted to oil burner, fitted with extra lifeboats and painted white. Jul.1950 first voyage Piraeus - Naples - Quebec - Montreal. 25.7.1950 first of three round voyages Montreal -Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton. 7.10.1950 one round voyage Montreal - Quebec - Piraeus - Quebec - Montreal. 5.6.1951 first voyage Montreal - Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton - Bremen. 8.10.1954 last voyage Quebec - Cherbourg - Southampton - Bremen. 1954 sold to Felix Benitez Rexach, Ciudad Trujillo, Dominican Republic renamed ESPANA. 1954 transferred to Dominican Republic Navy. 1959 scrapped Dominican Republic. [Register of Merchant Ships Completed in 1913 by Starke / Schell]

CANDAHAR 1866
1418 gross ton, 3 masted full rigged ship. Built 1866 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for Thos & Jno. Brocklebank, Liverpool. Built for the Calcutta service. On 10th Oct.1874 she left London for Melbourne and San Francisco. 14th Oct. off the Lizard, she hit and sank the iron hulled barque KINGSBRIDGE owned by Baring & Croshaw with the loss of 15 lives. CANDAHAR had to put back to Falmouth for repairs. 1890 sold to S. Goldberg, Swansea, 1897 sold to Akties 'Almedia', Christiania (J. Johansen), Norway, 1902 sold to Ferdinand Melsom, 1905 wrecked at Noumea, New Caledonia.[Merchant Fleets, vol.27 by D. Haws]

CANOPIC / COMMONWEALTH 1900
Built in 1900 for the Dominion Line as the COMMONWEALTH by Harland & Wolff, Belfast; this was a 12,097 gross ton ship, length 578.3ft x beam 59.3ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a service speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 250-1st, 250-2nd and 800-3rd class passengers. Launched on 31/5/1900, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Boston on 4/10/1900. In November 1901 she made the first of three Boston - Naples - Genoa round voyages and on 10/4/1902 resumed Liverpool - Boston sailings. She commenced her last voyage on this service on 5/11/1903 and then went to the White Star Line when they took over Dominion Line's Boston and Mediterranean services Renamed CANOPIC, she resumed Liverpool - Boston voyages on 14/1/1904 and later the same month commenced Boston - Naples - Genoa sailings. On 23/8/1914 she started her first New York - Naples - Genoa - Boston - New York voyage, and arrived in Boston on her last crossing from Genoa and Naples on 30/3/1918. On 6/2/1919 she commenced her first Liverpool - Boston - New York voyage and on 27/2/1919 resumed New York - Mediterranean voyages. She made her last Genoa - Naples - Boston - New York voyage in October 1921 and on 13/4/1922 transferred to the Liverpool - Halifax - Boston route with cabin and 3rd class passengers. On 13/5/1922 she started the first of six Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailings and on 10/11/1922 transferred to the Bremen - Southampton - Halifax - New York service. Her last Hamburg - Southampton - Halifax - New York sailing was on 4/5/1924 and in September 1924 she made a single Liverpool - Philadelphia (arr.29/9/1924) round voyage. She started her final voyage on 20/3/1925 when she left Liverpool for Halifax and Portland and in October of that year was scrapped at Briton Ferry. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.763]

CANTERBURY 1874
This was a three masted, iron built, ship rigged sailing vessel built by Robert Duncan in 1874 for the Albion Line. She was a 1,308 gross ton ship, length 239.8ft x beam 36ft x depth 20.7ft (73,09m x 10,97m x 6.31m) She entered service in 1874 and was transferred to Shaw Savill & Albion on formation of the company in 1882. In 1904 she was sold to N.A.Lydersen, Tvedsstrand, Norway and was eventually scrapped at Savona in 1927.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.10, Shaw Savill & Albion]

CANTERBURY 1929
2912 g.t., 335ft x 47ft, twin screw, speed 23 knots. Completed.1929 by Wm. Denny & Bros., Dumbarton for Southern Railway's Dover - Calais service. 1939 re-routed to Folkestone - Calais, then taken over as a military transport - became BEF leave ship.1940 carried Guards divisions Harwich - Hook of Holland and evacuated refugees. Later evacuated refugees and troops from Cherbourg, Boulogne, Calais and Dunkirk. Later moved to Scapa Flow as a tender and Rosyth as a Fleet Air Arm target ship. 1941 converted to an Infantry Landing Ship. 1944 Took part in Normandy Landings and later used on Dover - Ostend troop service. 1946 refitted on the Tyne and re-entered Dover - Calais service on 15th April. Oct.1946 moved to Folkestone - Calais route. Jan.1948 transferred to British Transport Commission and put on the Folkestone - Boulogne route. Sep.1964 laid up at Dover. Jul.1965 towed to Antwerp where she was scrapped.

CANTON / PIERRE LE GRAND 1882
3,721 gross tons, length 115.69m x beam 12.19m (379.6ft x 40.0ft), one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Launched in Jun.1882 by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediteranee, La Seyne for the French Compagnie Nationale de Navigation, Marseilles. The company normally operated services to French Indo-China, but having some surplus tonnage, commenced periodic voyages from Marseilles to Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo and Buenos Aires in 1887. In 1890 there was a financial crisis in Argentina which resulted in a virtual stop to immigration and the South American service was withdrawn in 1891. CANTON was sold to Caillol et St Pierre in 1898 and renamed PIERRE LE GRAND. On 13th Dec.1899 she sailed from Odessa for Marseilles with a cargo of grain and 5,000 sheep. She passed Pera on the 17th Dec. and then went missing with the loss of 45 lives. Nothing was heard of her until sheep carcasses and other wreckage were sighted in the Adriatic on 28th Dec. [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor] [Dictionary of Disasters at Sea by Charles Hocking]

CAPELLA 1882 see WORDSWORTH 1899

CAP FRIO 1899
5,732 gross tons, length 411.4ft x beam 48.3ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 13 knots. Accommodation for 80-2nd and 500-3rd class passengers. Built by Reiherstieg, Hamburg, she was launched on 25th Nov.1899 for the Hamburg South America Line. Her maiden voyage started on 2nd Mar.1900 when she left Hamburg for Buenos Aires. Chartered to the Hamburg America Line, she started her first Hamburg - Boulogne - New York sailing on 19th Aug.1900 and her fourth and last sailing on this route on 23rd Dec.1900. Returned to her owners, she resumed South America sailings and on 30th Aug.1908 she stranded near Barra Lighthouse, Bahia, Brazil during a tropical storm while on voyage from Bahia to Boulogne and Hamburg with a cargo of coffee, cocoa and tobacco. Salvage was attempted but later abandoned and she became a total loss. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.407] [The Hamburg South America Line by J.Cooper, A.Kludas and J.Pein, ISBN 0-905617-50-9 contains reproduction of a painting of the ship]

CAP NORTE / SIERRA SALVADA / EMPIRE TROOPER 1922
13,615 gross tons, length 499.5ft x beam 64ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 13.5 knots. Built with accommodation for 184-1st, 334-3rd and 1,368-steerage class passengers, Built in 1922 by Vulcan Werke, Hamburg, she was launched on 8th May 1922 as the CAP NORTE for the Hamburg South America Line. Her maiden voyage to South American ports and Buenos Aires started on 14th Sep.1922. Chartered to North German Lloyd in 1932, she was renamed SIERRA SALVADA until 1934 when she reverted to her original owners and name. At the outbreak of war on 3rd Sep.1939 she was at Pernambuco, and on 9th Oct, while attempting to reach Germany, she was intercepted by HMS BELFAST in severe weather north of Iceland. In order not to sacrifice lives, her commander did not order the ship to be scuttled, and she was boarded and captured. Converted to a troopship in 1940, renamed EMPIRE TROOPER and managed for the Ministry of War Transport by British India S.N.Co, she was damaged by gunfire by the German cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER on 25th Dec.1940 while 700 miles west of Finisterre. The German ship was damaged and driven off by British cruisers and took refuge in Brest. In May 1942 she took part in the Madagascar landings. Rebuilt at Falmouth in 1949 to 14,106 tons with accommodation for 336-cabin passengers and 924 troops, she was painted white. Sold to Thos.W. Ward, Inverkeithing in 1955 for scrapping, she caught fire at anchor and sank. She was refloated on 19th June and scrapping commenced. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.11, British India S.N.Co]

CAPTAIN COOK 1953 see LETITIA 1924

CARDENA 1923
Built in 1923 by Napier & Miller, Glasgow (Yard No.237) for the Union SS Co of British Columbia Ltd, Vancouver, she was 1,559 gross ton coastal passenger ship, length 226.8ft x beam 37.1ft, twin screw, speed 11 knots. In 1960 she was sold to Sannie Transportation Co, Vancouver and in 1961 was dismantled by Capitol Iron & Metals Co at Victoria B.C. The hull was sold to MacMillan & Bloedel Ltd and used as part of a breakwater at Kelsey Bay, Vancouver Island where it still lays.

CARINTHIA 1925
The CARINTHIA was a 20,277 gross ton ship, length overall 624ft x beam 73.8ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 240-1st, 460-2nd and 950-3rd class passengers. Built by Vickers Ltd, Barrow, she was laid down as the SERVIA but was launched for Cunard-White Star Line as the CARINTHIA on 24th Feb.1925. She left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to New York on 22nd Aug.1925 and continued this service until 1933 in the summer months, spending winters in cruising. In Mar,1930 her accommodation became 1st, tourist and 3rd class, and in Oct.1931 became cabin, tourist and 3rd class. On 25th May 1934 she started the first of three London - Southampton - New York voyages, but resumed New York - Liverpool service on 3rd May 1935. Her last Liverpool - New York sailing started 15th Jul.1939 and she was then employed in cruising from New York until sailing from New York for Liverpool on 3rd Sep.1939. Converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser, she was torpedoed and sunk on 6th Jun.1940 by the German submarine U.46 off the coast of Northern Ireland with four casualties.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.167]

CARINTHIA / FAIRLAND / FAIRSEA 1955
Built by John Brown & Co, Glasgow in 1955 for the Cunard Line, this was a 21,947 gross ton ship, length overall 608.3ft x beam 80.3ft, one funnel, one mast, twin screw and a speed of 21 knots. She was fitted with stabilisers and had accommodation for 154-1st and 714-tourist class passengers. Launched on 14th Dec.1955, she was one of four sister ships, the others being SAXONIA, IVERNIA, and SYLVANIA. Her maiden voyage started on 27th Jun.1956 when she left Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal, and she continued Liverpool - Montreal sailings in the summer and Liverpool - New York in the winter. Her last voyage on this route commenced 13th Oct.1967 when she sailed from Liverpool to Quebec, Montreal, Havre and Southampton. She then sailed Southampton - Quebec - Montreal - Southampton until starting her final voyage on 23rd Nov.1967. Sold to Fairland Shipping Corp, Monrovia (Sitmar) in 1968 and renamed FAIRLAND, she was intended for the Southampton - New Zealand service of the Sitmar Line, but was laid up at Southampton until 1970. In Feb.1970 she arrived at Trieste and was converted to a 21,916 ton cruise liner, and in 1971 was renamed FAIRSEA. Further rebuilt to 16,627 gross tons and with accommodation for 884 passengers, she commenced cruising from US ports in July 1972. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.172][Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.6,p.34]

CARMANIA 1905
Built by John Brown & Co, Glasgow in 1905 for the Cunard Line, this was a 19,524 gross ton ship, length 650.4ft x beam 72.2ft, twp funnels, two masts, triple screw and a service speed of 18 knots. There was accommodation for 300-1st, 350-2nd and 2,000-3rd class passengers. Launched on 21/2/1905, she sailed from Liverpool on 2/12/1905 on her maiden voyage to Queenstown(Cobh) and New York. In October 1913 she was the first ship to arrive at the rescue operation of passengers and crew from the blazing VOLTURNO and rescued many survivors. She started her last pre-war voyage between Liverpool - Queenstown and New York on 18/7/1914 and in August of that year was converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser. On 14/9/1914 she sank the German Armed Merchant Cruiser CAP TRAFALGAR off Trinidad Island and resumed commercial sailings on 11/11/1916 when she left Liverpool for New York. She transferred to the Southampton - Cherbourg - New York service on 22/10/1921 and on 3/5/1922 resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings. Her first Liverpool - Quebec voyage commenced 15/5/1924 with cabin and 3rd class passengers and on 29/11/1924 she started her first Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston - New York voyage. On 27/5/1926 she started London - Havre - Southampton - New York voyages with winter sailings from Liverpool. She was refitted in October 1926 to carry 425-cabin 365-tourist and 650-3rd class passengers. Her last voyage was from London to Havre (dep.25/7/1931), Southampton and New York and in 1932 she was scrapped at Blyth. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.157]

CARMARTHENSHIRE 1887 / MARACAS / MAJOREN
2,929 gross tons, length 329.5ft x beam 40ft, built 1887 by C. S. Swan & Hunter, Newcastle-on-Tyne for Jenkins & Co., London (Shire Line). 1901 sold to Trinidad Shipping & Trading Co. (G. Christall), London and renamed MARACAS. 1914 sold to New York Transatlantic S.S. Co, New York. 22nd Feb.1915 seized by British on voyage New York to Rotterdam and Copenhagen and sold as war prize on 9th Nov.1915 to A/S Solgran, Stavanger, Norway renamed MAJOREN. 3rd Sep.1917 captured, shelled and sunk by German submarine U.95 off Bloody Foreland on voyage Philadelphia to Glasgow.

CARMARTHENSHIRE 1915 O.N. 136347
7,823 g.t., 470.2ft x 58.3ft, single screw, speed 12 knots, 12 passengers, built 1915 by Workman, Clark & Co., Belfast for Royal Mail S.P. Co's South America service. On 8th Apr.1917 she had a running two hour gun battle with a U-Boat 200 miles SW of Lands End in heavy seas, but the submarine eventually gave up the chase. 1929 sold to South Georgia Co (Chr. Salvesen & Co), converted to Whale Factory Ship. 27th Oct.1942 torpedoed and sunk by U.436 (Schenke) in the Atlantic SE of Cape Farewell at 54.32N 31.02W on voyage New York to Liverpool while on government service with a cargo of fuel oil and war supplies, part of convoy HX 212. The Master, Capt. W. T. Dawson, 36 crew, 4 gunners, 24 passengers and 16 DBS were rescued by RCN Corvettes ALBERNI and VILLE DE QUEBEC and landed at Liverpool. 26 crew, 31 passengers, 16 DBS and 4 gunners were picked up by the Canadian ship BIC ISLAND but were later lost when the BIC ISLAND was torpedoed and sunk on 29th Oct. by U.224.

CARN BRAE / LANTERNA 1882
The CARN BRAE was a 1,685 gross ton collier belonging to E.Handcock & Co, Cardiff and was built in 1882. She was used to carry coal from the coalfields to Gasworks around the coast. In 1916 she was sold to the Gas, Light and Coke Co, under the management of Stephenson Clarke & Co, who were the largest firm of collier owners and managers in the UK. They renamed her LANTERNA but she was mined and sunk on Oct.6th 1916, 2.5 miles NE of Cromer. [Sea Breezes Magazine, Jan.1958]

CARNARVONSHIRE 1914
9,406 gross tons, length 500ft x beam 62.4ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots. Built by Workman, Clark & Co, Belfast for the Royal Mail's Shire Line, she was completed with accommodation for 12-1st class and 1,000-emigrants in dormitory accommodation. Her maiden voyage started on 7th May 1914 from London to the Far East and on the outbreak of the Great War in Aug.1914 she was taken over to transport troops from the China garrison at Chinwangtao to Europe. Used for various trooping duties and carried 1200 US troops to the UK in May 1917. She returned to commercial service after the war and in 1933 was acquired by the Glen Line from the receivers on the financial collapse of the Royal Mail Line. Sold for scrap in 1935, she was broken up at Osaka, the following year.[Merchant Fleets, vol.22 Glen & Shire Lines by Duncan Haws]

CAROLINA / PALIKARI 1860
Built by Richardson, Duck & Co, Stockton in 1860 as the PALIKARI for Stephanos Xenos, London. This was a 1,174 gross ton ship, length 243.8ft x beam 31.8ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 9 knots. There was 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class passenger accommodation. Launched in Dec.1860, she was purchased in 1865 by United States and United Kingdom SS Line (Henry Lafone) and renamed CAROLINA. On 19th Apr.1866 she commenced her only round voyage between Liverpool and New York (arr.6th June), and in 1868 was sold to Peter Denny. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.699]

CAROLINA / PENNSYLVANIA / CANADA 1863
Built in 1863 by Palmer Bros & Co, Jarrow-on-Tyne as the CAROLINA for Fernie Bros, this was a 2,872 gross ton ship, length 325ft x beam 41.2ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, Single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Accommodation for 100-1st and 750-3rd class passengers. Launched on 27th Oct.1863, she was purchased the same year by the National Line and renamed PENNSYLVANIA. On 16th Feb.1864 she left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. In 1866 she made a trooping voyage between Liverpool - Malta - Quebec - Liverpool, and in 1872 was rebuilt to 4,276 tons, lengthened to 391.6ft and fitted with compound engines. Renamed CANADA she resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings on 24th Apr.1872 and commenced her last voyage on this service on 15th Sep.1874. On 8th Nov.1874 she started London - New York voyages and commenced her last London - New York sailing on 17th Dec.1893. She was scrapped the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.611]

CAROLINE / JACQUES CARTIER 1908
The CAROLINE was a 6,693 gross ton ship, built by Chantiers & Ateliers de Provence, Port de Bouc in 1908 for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line). Her details were - length 413.2ft x beam 52.1ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a service speed of 14 knots. She was built with accommodation for 50-2nd and 46-3rd class passengers, but this was soon increased to 150-2nd and 750-3rd class. Launched on 14/7/1908, she sailed from Havre on her maiden voyage to New York on 26/12/1908. After 25 round voyages on this service, the last starting 27/4/1912; she transferred to the Havre - Quebec - Montreal service in August 1912. Her sixth and last voyage on this route was in July 1914 when the service was curtailed due to the outbreak of the Great War. On 31/7/1920 she commenced Bordeaux - New York sailings with cabin and 3rd class passengers, and started her last crossing on 12/4/1921. In 1929 she was renamed JACQUES CARTIER and became an officers cadets' training ship. She commenced sailings from Havre to New York with cargo only on 1/12/1929 and in December 1931 was laid up at Brest. In 1934 she was scrapped at Genoa. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.660]

CARONIA 1904
This was a 19,687 gross ton ship, length 650ft x beam 72.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 18 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 300-1st, 350-2nd and 2,000-3rd class. Built by John Brown & Co, Glasgow for the Cunard SS Co, she was launched on 13th July 1904. Her maiden voyage between Liverpool, Queenstown (Cobh) and New York started on 25th Feb.1905 and she continued this service until commencing her last voyage on 2nd May 1914. On 2nd Jun.1914 she commenced the first of two Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston sailings and was then converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser. In 1916 she was fitted as a troopship and on 3rd Jul.1918 resumed Liverpool - New York sailings. On 12th Sep.1919 she made her first London - Halifax - New York sailing and on 8th May 1920 resumed Liverpool - Halifax - New York route. She started Hamburg - Southampton - Cherbourg - New York voyages on 27th Apr.1922 and resumed the Liverpool - Queenstown - New York route on 18th Nov.1922. Her first Liverpool - Quebec sailing took place on 1st May.1924 and on 20th Nov.1924 she returned to Liverpool - Boston and/or New York voyages. Transferred to the London - Southampton - Cherbourg - New York route on 21st Aug.1925 and continued sailings from London in the summer months and from Liverpool in winter. Her final London - Havre - Southampton - New York voyage commenced 12th Sep.1931 and in 1932 she was sold for scrapping at Blyth, but was resold to Japanese interests and renamed TAISEIYO MARU for her final voyage to Japan via the Cape. She was scrapped at Osaka in 1933.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.156-7]

CARPATHIA 1902
The CARPATHIA was built in 1902 by C.S.Swan & Hunter, Wallsend-on-Tyne (engines by Wallsend Slipway Co Ltd) for the Cunard SS Co. She was a 13,555 gross ton ship, length 540ft x beam 64.5ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 204-2nd class and 1,500-3rd class. Launched on 6/8/1902, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Queenstown (Cobh) and Boston on 5/5/1903.After this voyage, she transferred to the Liverpool - Queenstown - New York service on 28/5/1903. On 24/11/1903 she commenced her first New York - Trieste sailing with 1st and 3rd class passengers and on 17/5/1904 resumed New York - Queenstown - Liverpool. On 29/11/1904 she went back to the New York - Trieste route and on 30/5/1905 resumed the New York - Queenstown - Liverpool service. She started her last voyage on this route on 19/9/1905 and was then refitted to carry 100-1st, 200-2nd and 2,250-3rd class passengers. She resumed sailings between Trieste, Fiume, Palermo and New York on 27/10/1905 and on 18/4/1912 arrived in New York with 700 TITANIC survivors. She commenced her last Piraeus - Messina - Palermo - Naples - Genoa - Lisbon - New York voyage on 13/4/1915 and transferred to the Liverpool - New York service in July 1915. On 17/7/1918 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.55, 120 miles west of Fastnet, with the loss of 5 lives. [North Atlantic seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.156]

CARPENTARIA / VEGA / MAR BIANCO / CAPO NORD 1905
5,766 gross tons, length 436.3ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for a limited number of saloon passengers. Built 1904 by Sir Raylton Dixon & Co., Middlesbrough for British India Steam Navigation Co., she started her first voyage to Australia on 10th Mar.1905. Fitted to carry 30 cadet officers, her normal route was - Middlesbrough for iron and steel products, London for general cargo and then via the Cape to Australia. In Jun.1924 she was sold to S. Censini, Genoa and renamed VEGA. 1926 sold to Andrea Zanchi, Genoa renamed MAR BIANCO. 1938 renamed CAPO NORD (same owner). 1938 scrapped. [Merchant Fleets vol.11 by Duncan Haws and personal records]

CARRILLO 1911
The CARRILLO was a 5012 gross ton ship, length 392ft x beam 50ft, speed 13 knots and accommodation for 100 passengers. Built by Workman Clark, Belfast in 1911, she was originally owned by Tropical SS Co under the UK flag. In 1914 she was transferred to the Carrillo SS Co and registered in the USA and in 1922 transferred to the United Fruit Co. Passenger accommodation reduced to 30 in 1933 and further reduced to 12 in 1936/7. After war service, she was scrapped at Baltimore in 1948. Her regular route was from Boston / New York to Havana, Puerto Limon, Kingston and Panama. Requisitioned by the US Navy in Sep.1918 for the Naval Overseas Transportation Service and commissioned as USS CARILLO, she made four trips to France with cargos of frozen meat, trucks and aviation supplies. Decommissioned in Apr.1919, she resumed service and in 1933 transferred her route to sail from New Orleans, later being used on the Guatemala service. Used as a storeship in WWII, she was laid up in Dec.1945, reactivated briefly for Atlantic coastal service in 1947 and scrapped the following year. ["Going Bananas" 100 Years of American Fruit Ships in the Caribbean by Mark H.Goldberg, ISBN 1-879-180-01-8]

CARTHAGE 1881
5,013 gross tons, length 410ft x beam 44.4ft, iron hull, two funnels, four masts, speed 15 knots, accommodation for 187-1st and 46-2nd class passengers.
Launched on 24th Aug.1881 by Caird & Co., Greenock for the P & O Line, London. Her maiden voyage started on 28th Oct.1881 when she left London for Point de Galle (Ceylon), Melbourne and Sydney. In 1882 she was employed as a hospital ship during the Egyptian Campaign and started her final London - Australia sailing on 1st Sep.1892. Between 1900 and 1901 she was employed as a transport and hospital ship during the Boxer rebellion in China. 30th Dec.1902 laid up at Bombay and scrapped the following year at Bombay.

CARTHAGINIAN 1884
The CARTHAGINIAN was a 4,444 gross ton ship, length 386.4ft x beam 45.2ft, one funnel, three masts, steel construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Accommodation for 64-1st, 32-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by Govan Shipbuilding Co, Glasgow (engines by J&J.Thomson, Glasgow), she was launched for the Allan Line on 9th Oct.1884. Her maiden voyage started on 6th Dec.1884 when she sailed from Glasgow for Boston. On 23rd Apr.1885 she started her first Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal sailing and on 8th Jun.1886 commenced her first Liverpool - Baltimore voyage. Her first Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailing started on 9th May 1889 and her sixth and last voyage on this service started on 29th Oct.1889. On 29th Apr.1890 she resumed Liverpool - Baltimore sailings and started her first Glasgow - Liverpool - Philadelphia voyage on 8th Apr.1893. On 6th May 1897 she resumed Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal voyages and started her ninth and last sailing on this route on 9th Jun.1898. From 1898 onwards she was mostly used on the Glasgow to Philadelphia or Boston service and in 1901 was fitted with new boilers. She caught fire at sea near Halifax in Jan.1913 but the fire was successfully extinguished. On 2nd Dec.1914 she sailed from Glasgow for Liverpool and Philadelphia and on 13th Sep.1916 sailed from Montreal for Quebec and Glasgow. She was sunk by a mine laid by the German submarine U.79 near Inishtrahull on 14th Jun.1917 with no loss of life.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.316-7]

CASPIAN 1870
The CASPIAN was a 2,728 gross ton ship owned by the Allan Line of Liverpool. She was built by the London & Glasgow Co, Glasgow and was launched on 1/2/1870. Her details were - length 349.6ft x beam 38ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was capacity for 80-1st and 600-3rd class passengers. She started her maiden voyage on 5/11/1870 when she sailed from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal. On 8/12/1870 she made her first Liverpool - Baltimore sailing and in 1882 was fitted with compound engines by Laird Bros, Birkenhead. In 1882 she was used as a troopship for the Egyptian Expedition and then returned to the North Atlantic trade. She started her last Liverpool - Baltimore voyage on 27/9/1892 and was then laid up until 1896 when she made a single round voyage between Glasgow and Boston(commencing 11/12/1896). On 20/3/1897 she commenced a single round voyage between Glasgow and Portland and was scrapped later the same year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.313]

CASSANDRA / CARMIA / DRACHENSTEIN 1906
The CASSANDRA was a 7,396 gross ton ship, length 455ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 200-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by Scott's Shipbuilding & Engineering Co, Greenock, she was launched for the Donaldson Line on 27th Jun.1906. On 22nd Sep.1906 she sailed from Glasgow on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal and in 1908 (or earlier) was rebuilt to 8,135 gross tons. Her last passenger voyage started on 20th Nov.1924 when she left Glasgow for Portland, and in 1925 she was converted to a cargo ship and renamed CARMIA. Sold to Bernstein of Hamburg in Dec.1929, she was renamed DRACHENSTEIN and was scrapped in Germany in 1934. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1013]

CASSEL / MARECHAL GALLIENI 1901
The CASSEL was built for North German Lloyd in 1901 by J.C.Tecklenborg, Geestemunde. She was a 7,543 gross ton ship, length 428.9ft x beam 54.3ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 140-2nd and 1,938-3rd class passengers. Launched on 31/7/1901, she sailed from Bremen on her maiden voyage to New York on 26/10/1901. On 26/6/1902 she commenced her first Bremen - Baltimore voyage and on 17/11/1910 started her first Bremen - Philadelphia - Galveston voyage. She commenced the first of 3 voyages from Bremen to Capetown and Australia on 7/10/1911 and her first Bremen - Boston voyage on 8/10/1913. On 14/5/1914 she started her first voyage from Bremen to New York, Philadelphia and Galveston and in August of that year was laid up in Germany. In 1919 she went to the French company, Messageries Maritimes and was renamed MARECHAL GALLIENI and in 1926 was scrapped at La Seyne. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.565]

CASSIUS 1881
2,449 gross tons, length 302.1ft x beam 37.4ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Launched Sep.1881 by Germania Werft, Kiel for C. Anderson, Hamburg. June 1890 chartered to Hansa Line (Dampfschiffs Rhederei Hansa), Hamburg and made three Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal voyages. 1905 sold to Japan renamed SHOKWA MARU, 1920 wrecked on Hokkaido Island, Japan [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3, p.1151]

CASTALIA 1873
2,201 gross tons, length 306.6ft x beam 34.6ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 75-1st, 150-2nd and 600-3rd class passengers. Launched 17th Dec.1872 by Charles Connell & Co., Glasgow (engines by Finnieston Steamship Works, Glasgow) for the Anchor Line. On 12th Mar.1873 she sailed from Glasgow on her maiden voyage to New York and made 11 voyages on this service. In July 1874 she sailed from Glasgow - Genoa - Marseilles - Messina - New York - Glasgow and between 1874 - 1884 made 26 triangular voyages between Glasgow - Mediterranean - New York - Glasgow. Between 1880 and Oct.1881 she operated a short lived service between Barrow - Dublin - New York. On 20th May 1884 she was wrecked near Denia, Spain. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CASTALIA / MARENGO / URANIA II 1906
The CASTALIA was a 6,715 gross ton ship, length 440.5ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Accommodation for 90-cabin class passengers when built. Built by Barclay, Curle & Co, Glasgow, she was launched for Anchor Line's Indian service on 23rd Aug.1906. Her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Bombay started on 11th Oct.1906 and in Aug.1914 she was taken over as a troopship to carry the First Indian Expeditionary Force to Europe. She then resumed commercial service to India. In 1917 she was taken over under the Liner Requisition Scheme and undertook several trooping voyages. Went aground at Port Said in Feb.1919 with 73 passengers and 1,157 troops aboard but was successfully refloated and in Oct.1919 returned to Anchor Line. Overhauled, converted from coal to oil fuel and her passenger accommodation increased to 102-cabin class, she returned to the Indian service. On 29th Apr.1921 she started her first Glasgow to New York sailing and commenced her second and last voyage on this route on 23rd Jun.1921 before returning to the India service. She continued this service until Nov.1948 when she arrived at Glasgow and was paid off. Sold to Italian owners in Jan.1949, she was renamed MARENGO but broke down on her second voyage from Curacao to Genoa which took a month. Passed to Fratelli Grimaldi in 1950, she was refurbished, renamed URANIA II and used on the Italy - Central America service until 1954 when she was scrapped in Italy.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.9, Anchor Line][North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1]

CASTELBIANCO / VASSAR VICTORY / BEGONA 1945
Built in 1945 by Bethlehem-Fairfield, Baltimore as the 7,604 gross ton wartime standard Victory type cargo ship VASSAR VICTORY for the US Maritime Commission. Her dimensions were - length 455ft x beam 62ft (138.7m x 18.9m), single screw, service speed 15 knots. Purchased by Societa Italiana Transporti Marittima (Sitmar Line) in 1947, she was refitted to carry 480 passengers and renamed CASTELBIANCO. In 1952 she was rebuilt at Trieste to 10,139 gross tons with accommodation for 1,200 passengers and renamed CASTEL BIANCO (2 words) Used on the Genoa - Caribbean and South America service with occasional voyages to Australia. Sold to Cia Trasatlantica, Barcelona in 1957, renamed BEGONA, she was refiited for 830 tourist class passengers and used for the Southampton - Spain - Central America service. On 27th Sep.1974 she left Southampton for the West Indies with 800 passengers and put in to Teneriffe on 3rd Oct. with engine trouble. She continued her voyage the next day, but broke down completely in the Atlantic, and after drifting for several days, was towed to Bridgetown, Barbados. On 24th Dec. she arrived at Castellon having been sold for scrapping. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.5, ISBN 0-85059-265-8 contains photo] [The Victory Ships by L.A.Sawyer & W.H.Mitchell]

CASTILIAN 1898
CASTILIAN was a very short lived Allan Liner. 7,441 g.t. 470ft x 53.7ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, 14 knots, 1st, 2nd and 3rd class accommodation. Built Workman, Clark & Co, Belfast. Launched 20/10/1898. Maiden voyage started 23/2/1899 Liverpool - Halifax - Portland with 11-1st, 46-2nd and 105-3rd class passengers. Wrecked on homeward voyage in Bay of Funday on 11/3/1899 with no casualties.

CASTOR 1870
CASTOR was a 1,520 gross ton ship, length 254ft x beam 33.5ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Built by A & J. Inglis, Glasgow, she was launched on 18th Jun.1870 for the Royal Netherlands Steamship Co of Amsterdam. Chartered to the Holland America Line, she started her first voyage from Rotterdam to New York on 21st Apr.1873 and made three voyages on this service. On 19th Feb.1880 she started a single round voyage between Catania, Messina, Palermo and New York, and on 21st May 1880 started a round voyage between Rotterdam and New York. Her first Amsterdam - New York sailing commenced on 14th Apr.1881 and her twelfth and last sailing on this service started 10th Jan.1883. On 28th Jul.1894 she was sunk in collision off Dungeness in the English Channel.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1069]

CATALONIA 1881
4,841 gross tons, length 429.6ft x beam 43.0ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 200-1st and 1,500-3rd class passengers.
Launched on 14th May 1881 by J & G. Thomson, Glasgow for the Cunard Line, she started her maiden voyage on 6th Aug.1881 from Liverpool to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York and made her last sailing on this route on 3rd Mar.1883. On 18th Apr.1883 she transferred to the Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston service and commenced her last transatlantic crossing on 19th Sep.1899. In Nov.1899 she made one voyage as a Boer War transport and in 1901 was scrapped in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1 by N. R. P. Bonsor]
see photos at ...... http://www.schiffspost.com/flotte_catalonia.htm

CATANIA 1881
The CATANIA was built in 1881 by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for the Sloman Line of Hamburg. She was a 2,216 gross ton ship, length 315.1ft x beam 35.7ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 600-3rd class passengers. Launched on 13/4/1881, she sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to Cape Town and Australia in May 1881. On 13/4/1890 she commenced Hamburg - Philadelphia voyages for Sloman's Union Line and on 20/12/1897 was sold to Funch, Edye & Co, New York. In 1908 she was converted to a 3,269 ton tanker for San Francisco owners and on 7/1/1920 was wrecked at New Orleans. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1167]

CATANIA / ETHUCA / ALMERIANA 1888
The second CATANIA was built by Raylton Dixon & Co, Middlesborough (engines by T.Richardson & Sons, Hartlepool) in 1888. She was a 2,861 gross ton ship, length 324.8ft x beam 40.2ft, straight stem, one funnel, three masts, steel construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 600-3rd class. She was launched on 5/11/1888 as the British owned ETHUCA, and on 13/1/1898 was purchased by Sloman and renamed CATANIA. She commenced her first Hamburg - New York voyage on 2/4/1898 and remained on this service until being sold to Furness Lines in 1905 and renamed ALMERIANA. In 1914 she was scrapped at Briton Ferry. [North Atlantic seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1167]

CATHAY / IKAI MARU 1872
2,983 gross tons, 360.8ft x 39.3ft, one funnel, three masts, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 130-1st and 49-2nd class passengers. Launched 25th Apr.1872 by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton (Yard No.157) for Peninsular & Oriental S.N.Co, she started her maiden voyage on 27th Jun.1872 from Southampton via Suez to Bombay. While passing through the canal, the ship went aground for 24 hours. In 1880 she was fitted with new boilers and then used on the Adriatic, India and China routes. Feb.1895 sold to Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan, renamed IKAI MARU. 1903 scrapped in Japan.

CAVINA 1924
The CAVINA was a 6907 gross ton ship, 425ft x 54.1ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots and built with accommodation for 60-1st class passengers. Delivered to Elders & Fyffes Ltd by Alex Stephens & Sons, Glasgow in May 1924 for the Avonmouth - Caribbean service. She was a popular ship for round cruises to the Caribbean which included 3 night's hotel accommodation ashore at a total cost of £45. After war service, she was released back to Elders & Fyffes in 1946 and was initially chartered to Cunard because the banana plantations had been neglected during the war and it took some months before they returned to full production. In 1957 she was sold to Barkstone Shipping Co, Hong Kong who resold her to Cia Naviera Lanena who renamed her CATUSHA. 1958 scrapped Hong Kong. [Merchant Fleets, vol.31 by Duncan Haws]

CEDRIC 1902
The CEDRIC was built for the White Star Line in 1902 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast. She was a 21,035 gross ton ship, length 680.9ft x beam 75.3ft, two funnels, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 365-1st, 160-2nd and 2,352-3rd class passengers. Launched on 21st Aug.1902, she commenced her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on 11th Feb.1903. Her last voyage on this service started 21st Oct.1914 and she was then converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser. She resumed Liverpool - New York sailings on 18th Dec.1916 and on 29th Jan.1918 collided with, and sank the Canadian Pacific ship MONTREAL near the Mersey Bar. After repairs, she resumed Liverpool - New York voyages on 14th Dec.1918 and in 1920 was refitted to accommodate 347-1st, 250-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. On 23rd Oct.1926 she was again altered to cabin, tourist and 3rd class. Her last Liverpool - New York sailing commenced 5th Sep.1931 and she was sold later the same year and scrapped at Inverkeithing in 1932. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.2, p.761]

CELLA / SHARKI 1863
The CELLA was a 2,058 gross ton ship, length 297.4ft x beam 34.4ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 16-1st, 50-2nd and 500-3rd class passengers. Built by Neptune Iron Works, Waterford (engines by Smith & Rodger, Glasgow), she was launched for the British owned London & New York Steamship Line in 1863. Her maiden voyage started on 8th Jul.1863 when she sailed from Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. On 1st Sep.1863 she started her first London - Havre - New York voyage and started her last sailing on this service on 5th Dec.1869. Sold to the Hughes Line of Liverpool in 1870 and used on the Liverpool - Suez - Bombay route. In 1881 she was chartered to Cie Bordelaise in Feb.1881 and made two Bordeaux - New York sailings. In 1887 she was sold to Turkish owners and renamed SHARKI. No longer listed in 1891. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.597]

CELTIC / AMERIKA 1872
The CELTIC was a 3,867 gross ton ship, length 437.2ft x beam 40.9ft, one funnel, four masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 166-1st and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast (engines by G. Forrester & Co, Liverpool), she was laid down as the ARCTIC but her name was changed and she was launched for White Star Line on 18th Jun.1872 as the CELTIC. Her maiden voyage started on 24th Oct.1872 when she left Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. On 19th May 1887 she was in collision with the BRITANNIC off Sandy Hook and both ships were damaged. Second class accommodation was added in 1891 and she started her last Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailing on 4th Feb.1891. Sold to the Thingvalla Line of Copenhagen on 6th Apr.1893 she was renamed AMERIKA and commenced Copenhagen - Christiania (Oslo) - Christiansand - New York sailings on 27th May 1893. Her eighth and last sailing on this route started on 7th Sep.1897 and she was scrapped at Brest in 1898. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.756]

CELTIC 1901
The CELTIC belonged to the White Star Line. She was a 21,035 ton liner built in 1901 by Harland and Wolff at Belfast. Her dimensions were length 680.9ft x beam 75.3ft, two funnels, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots.There was accommodation for 347-1st, 160-2nd and 2,350-3rd class passengers. She was launched on 4.4.1901 and left on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on 26.7.1901. She was transferred to the American Line in 1907 and was used on their New York - Cherbourg - Southampton service until 1914 when she was armed and converted to a British armed merchant cruiser. She was paid off in 1916 and resumed the Liverpool - NY service for White Star. On 15.2.1917 she was mined in the Irish Sea and towed to Liverpool. In March 1918 she was torpedoed in the Irish Sea and repaired in Belfast and on 8.12.1918 resumed the Liverpool - NY service and in 1920 was rebuilt to carry 347-1st, 250-2nd, and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Converted again in 1926 to carry cabin class, tourist class and 3rd class passengers. On 10.12.1928 she was wrecked on Roche's Point, Cobh, Ireland with no loss of life and was demolished where she lay.

CENTENNIAL STATE / PRESIDENT ADAMS / PRESIDENT GRANT 1921
10,496 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 62ft, twin screw, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 78-1st class passengers. Built 1921 by New York Shipbuilding Corp, Camden, N.J. as the CENTENNIAL STATE for the U.S. Shipping Board, Philadelphia. She made her maiden voyage in May 1921 from New York to London for the U.S. Mail Line. In Aug.1921 she came under the management of United States Lines after the liquidation of U.S. Mail Line and in 1922 was renamed PRESIDENT ADAMS. Sep.1923 sold to Dollar Line, San Francisco and in 1924 commenced sailing on round-the-world voyages between New York - Hawaii - Far East - Mediterranean - New York. In 1938 the U.S. Government took over the Dollar Line and continued it as American President Line. Ship renamed PRESIDENT GRANT. Nov.1941 entered service as U.S Army Transport. 26th Feb.1944 stranded on an underwater rock 70 miles off Milne Bay, New Guinea and abandoned as a total loss.

CEPHALONIA / HAILOR 1882
The CEPHALONIA was a 5,517 gross ton ship, built by Laird Bros, Birkenhead in 1882 for the Cunard SS Co. Her details were - length 430.6ft x beam 46.5ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 200-1st and 1,500-3rd class. Launched on 20th May 1882, she sailed from Liverpool on 23rd Aug.1882 on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and Boston. She started her last voyage on this service on 12th Sep.1899 and then made two voyages as a Boer War transport. Sold to Chinese Eastern Railway in 1900 and renamed HAILOR, she was sunk as a blockship at Port Arthur in 1904.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.153]

CERAMIC 1913
18,481 gross tons, length 655.1ft x beam 69.4ft (199,67m x 21,15m), one funnel, four masts, triple screw and a speed of 15 knots. Accommodation for 600-3rd class passengers. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast she was launched for the White Star Line's Australian service on 11th Dec.1912. Her maiden voyage started on 24th Jul.1913 when she left Liverpool for Capetown, Albany, Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney. Taken over in 1914 as a troop transport and carried the Australian Expeditionary Force. She had a couple of encounters with U-Boats but survived the war and resumed Liverpool - Sydney commercial sailings on 18th Nov.1920. In 1934 she transferred to the ownership of Shaw Savill & Albion SS Co. when they took over White Star Line's Australian interests but continued on the same service. In 1936 she was rebuilt to 18,713 tons, modernised and given a speed of 16 knots. Again taken over for trooping in 1940, she left Liverpool on 23rd Nov.1942 with 378 passengers and 278 crew and passengers. Torpedoed by the German submarine U.515 off the Azores, one survivor was taken prisoner for interrogation purposes and all the rest were lost. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.10, Shaw, Savill & Albion]

CHAKLA 1914
The CHAKLA was a 3081 gross ton ship belonging to British India Steam Navigation Co. Length 330.7ft x beam 46.1ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Built by A.Stephens & Sons, Glasgow, she was delivered in Dec.1914 and used on the Calcutta to Chittagong or Rangoon services with some runs to Port Blair. In 1921 she was used to ferry troops between Bombay and Basra, and in Sep.1939 was taken over by the Royal Navy for use as a convoy rescue and service vessel. On 29th Apr.1941 she was bombed and sunk in Tobruk harbour, Libya. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.11, British India SN Co]

CHAMPLAIN 1931
Built for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line) in 1931 by Chantiers & Ateliers de St Nazaire, St Nazaire. This was a 28,124 gross ton ship, length 606.5ft x beam 83ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 19 knots. There was accommodation for 623-cabin, 308-tourist and 122-3rd class passengers. Launched on 15th Aug.1931, she sailed on 18th June 1932 on her maiden voyage from Havre to Plymouth and New York. On 22nd Jan.1935 she started her first Havre - Southampton - New York voyage and her last crossing from New York to St Nazaire and La Pallice took place in June 1940. On 17th June 1040 she struck a mine near La Pallice and heeled over in shallow water with the loss of 330 lives. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.3,p.140-1] [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.664]

CHANDERNAGOR 1887
3,075 gross tons, length 341.2ft x beam 40.3ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Launched on 5th Jun.1887 by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation, Marseilles, she was used initially on the Marseilles to Indo-China service. On 14th Jan.1887 she started her first Marseilles - Naples - New York voyage and made 19 round voyages on this route, the last starting on 11th Apr.1896. Sep.1899 sold to other French owners and renamed ALEXANDRE III, On 10th Mar.1902 she was sunk in collision with the British ship ASHMADI in Jeddah harbour. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CHARLES NELSON 1898
629 gross tons, wooden hulled steamship, length 196.5ft x beam 37.8ft, single screw. Built 1898 by Hay & Wright, Alameda for Charles Nelson Co, San Francisco. 1902 rebuilt to 1,057 gross tons. 24th Apr.1913 burnt at Field's Landing, California while loading lumber, never rebuilt but hull towed to San Francisco. Late 1930s incorporated in the breakwater at Point Richmond, San Francisco. [Register of Merchant Ships Built in 1898 by Starke / Schell]

CHATEAU LEOVILLE / CONNEMARA / BELGIAN KING 1881
Built as the CHATEAU LEOVILLE in 1881 by Sunderland Shipbuilding Co (engines by North Eastern Marine Eng. Co, Sunderland) for the French owned Bordeaux Line. She was a 3,354 gross ton ship, length 365.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 20-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 14th Jun.1881, she started her maiden Bordeaux - New York voyage on 7th Sep.1881. Her last sailing on this service started 7th Dec.1887 and in Jan.1888 she was chartered to Bossiere for service between France and Canada. In May 1888 she was purchased by Bossiere, who resold her in Nov.1888 to R.M.Hudson, Sunderland who renamed her CONNEMARA. In 1895 she went to G.B.Hunter, Sunderland; managed by T.Ronaldson and ran for the Puritan Line under the name of BELGIAN KING. On 21st Sep.1914 she foundered near Cape Kureli in the Black Sea with the loss of 22 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1063-4]

CHATEAU MARGAUX 1884
4,035 gross tons, length 386.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 12 knots. Accommodation for 50-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Built 1884 by Chantiers & Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux for the Bordeaux Line, she started her maiden voyage from Bordeaux on 26th Feb.1884 but her rudder was disabled and she arrived at Halifax under tow by the Anchor Line ship CALEDONIA and eventually reached New York on 27th May. Her last Bordeaux - New York voyage was made in July 1888 and she was then chartered to the French Line for their Bordeaux - Havana - Vera Cruz service. On 28th Apr.1889 she was sunk in the English Channel in collision with the British ship MANORA. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CHATEAU YQUEM / GALLIA 1883
Built by Chantiers & Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux (engines by Schneider & Cie, Creuzot) in 1883, she was a 4,035 gross ton ship, length 386.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 50-1st and 1,200-3rd class. Launched on 17/11/1883 as the CHATEU YQUEM for the French owned Bordeaux Line, she sailed from Bordeaux on her maiden voyage to New York on 30/6/1884. On 27/2/1886 she started a single Palermo - Naples - Valencia - New York round voyage and on 10/5/1887 started a single round voyage from Bordeaux to Naples and New York. Her last Bordeaux - New York sailing started on 6/9/1887 and her last Naples - New York on 21/4/1888. In the Autumn of 1888 she was chartered to Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line) and sailed between Bordeaux, Havana and Vera Cruz. Damaged in collision with the Spanish ship CRISTOBAL COLON at Havana on 28/1/1889, and on 3/11/1891 was offered for sale at Bordeaux but found no buyer. Chartered to the French government in April 1895 and used as a transport for the Madagascar Expedition, and on 9/10/1896 sailed from Havre to New York. Sold to the Fabre Line in 1896, she commenced her first Marseilles - Genoa - Leghorn - Naples - New York voyage on 29/3/1897. On 31/12/1897 she stranded at La Seyne, was refloated and had an extensive refit. She resumed Marseilles - New York sailings on 21/1/1899 and started her last Marseilles - Naples - New York voyage on 3/6/1900. Renamed GALLIA she resumed Marseilles - Naples - New York sailings on 28/7/1900 and commenced her last Marseilles - New York voyage in December 1909 (arr. NY 15/1/1910). In December 1910 she was sold and scrapped in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1064]

CHEMNITZ 1889
The first CHEMNITZ was built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow in 1889. She was a 2,758 gross ton vessel, length 320ft x beam 39ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 10-1st and 320-2nd class passengers. Launched on 27/11/1889 for Deutsch - Australische, she was chartered to the Hamburg America Line in 1893 and sailed from Hamburg for New York on 22/6/1893 and made just the one round voyage on this route. In 1906 she was sold to Chile and renamed "Enrique Lihn" and in 1911 was scrapped at Hendrik Ido, Ambacht. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.400]

CHEMNITZ (2) 1901
The "Chemnitz" was built by J.C.Tecklenborg at Geestemunde for Norddeutscher Lloyd [North German Lloyd] in 1901. She was a 7542 gross ton vessel, length 428.2ft x beam 54.3ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 129-2nd class and 1,935-3rd class passengers. Launched on 27.11.1901. she left Bremen on her maiden voyage to Baltimore on 21.3.1902. She made her first run from Bremen to New York and Galveston on 30.11.1902, and from Bremen to Philadelphia and Baltimore on 1.12.1910. On 11.6.1914 she left Bremen on her last voyage to New York, Philadelphia and Galveston and was then laid up in Bremen in August 1914 for the duration of the war. In 1919, she was surrendered to Britain and was managed by J.Chambers & Co, Liverpool From 1922-23 she ran for Ellerman's Wilson Line, Hull and was scrapped in Rotterdam in 1923. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2] [Norddeutscher Lloyd, Bremen, vol.2 by Edwin Drechsel contains photo of the ship ISBN 1-895590-08-6]

CHERIBON 1882
3075 gross tons, length 341.2ft x beam 40.3ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Built by Wm.Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, she was launched for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation, Marseilles on 15th July 1882. Her first New York voyage started 17th Sep.1886 when she left Marseilles for Naples, Algiers and New York, but she discontinued the Algiers call after this voyage. Her 12th and last Marseilles - Naples - New York sailing started on 5th Apr.1893 and she was used for other services after this. Sold to Chile in 1900, she was wrecked at Remedios Point, Panama on 11th Apr.1902.[North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.1171 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CHESHIRE 1927
Built by Fairfield & Co, Glasgow in 1927 for the Bibby Line's Rangoon service. This was a 10,623 gross ton, twin screw motorship with a service speed of 14 knots. Her details were - length 502ft x beam 60.4ft (153m x 18.4m), one funnel, four masts and accommodation for 275-1st class passengers. Launched on 20th Apr.1927, she was used on the Liverpool - Rangoon service until she was commissioned as an Armed Merchant Cruiser at Calcutta on Oct.30th 1939. On 14th Oct.1940 she was torpedoed by the U.137 while northwest of Ireland but managed to reach Liverpool where she was repaired and resumed service after six months. She was again torpedoed, this time by the submarine U.214 on 18th Aug.1942 in the Atlantic, but again managed to reach port. In May 1943 she was refitted as a troop transport and continued in this service until returned to the Bibby Line in Oct.1948. She was overhauled and rebuilt as an emigrant ship, with accommodation for 650 passengers, and three of her masts removed, and on 9th August 1949 commenced her first Liverpool - Sydney voyage. In Feb.1953 she was again used for trooping duties for the Korean War and on Feb.10th 1957 was laid up at Liverpool. She arrived at Newport, Mon. on Jul.11th that year and was scrapped by the British Iron & Steel Corp. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.3,p.66]

CHICAGO 1866
Built by Palmer Bros & Co, Jarrow-on-Tyne in 1866 for the Guion Line of Liverpool, this was a 2,869 gross ton ship, length 335ft x beam 42.5ft, clipper stem, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 72-1st and 800-3rd class passengers. Launched on 11th Oct.1866, she left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York on 18th Dec.1866. On 12th Jan.1868 she was wrecked near Roche's Point, Queenstown with no loss of life.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.708]

CHICAGO 1878
Built for the British owned Furness Line in 1878 by W.Gray & Co, West Hartlepool (engines by T.Richardson & Sons, Hartlepool), she was a 1,384 gross ton ship, length 240ft x beam 33.3ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Launched on 21st Mar.1878, she sailed on her maiden voyage from West Hartlepool for Boston on 7th May 1878, but was wrecked at Happisburgh, Norfolk the following day. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1031]

CHICAGO 1885 see LINCOLN CITY 1884

CHICAGO / ETONIAN 1898
Built for the Wilson Line of Hull by Furness Withy & Co Ltd, West Hartlepool (engines by Central Marine Co, West Hartlepool) in 1898. 6,438 gross tons, length 475.5ft x beam 52.3ft, one funnel, four masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Launched on 7th May 1898, she sailed from Newcastle on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (for repairs) and New York on 23rd Oct.1898. Later the same year she came under the control of Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line and in 1904 was renamed ETONIAN. In 1914 she went to Leyland Line and on 23rd Mar.1918 was torpedoed by the German submarine U.61 off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland and sank with the loss of seven of her crew. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.966]

CHICAGO (5)
This was a 17,000 ton ship ordered by Hamburg America Line in 1906 from AG Vulcan, Stettin, but the order was cancelled and she was never built.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.414]

CHICAGO / GUADELOUPE 1907
Built in 1907 by Chantiers & Ateliers de St Nazaire, St Nazaire for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line). This was a 10,501 gross ton ship, length 508.4ft x beam 57.8ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 358-2nd and 1,250-3rd class passengers. Launched on 5th Nov.1907, she started her maiden voyage on 30th May 1908 when she sailed from Havre for New York. Her last voyage on this route started 22nd Mar.1915 and on 16th May 1915 she transferred to the Bordeaux - New York service. She commenced her last Bordeaux - New York sailing on 31st Jan.1920 and resumed Havre - New York voyages on 3rd Feb.1921. In Aug.1926 she was refitted to carry cabin, tourist and 3rd class passengers and on 9th June 1928 commenced her last North Atlantic sailing when she left Bordeaux for New York. In 1928 she was rebuilt, renamed GUADELOUPE and transferred to the West Indies service. Scrapped at St Nazaire in 1936.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.660]

CHIMBORAZO / CLEOPATRA 1871
Built by John Elder & Co, Glasgow in 1871 for Pacific Steam Navigation Co's Valparaiso service. She was a 3,847 gross ton ship, length 384ft x beam 41.3ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), clipper stem, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Passenger accommodation for 80-1st, 100-2nd and 270-3rd class. Launched on 21st Jun.1871, she started her maiden voyage on 13th Oct. when she left Liverpool for Valparaiso and intermediate ports. Chartered by Anderson & Anderson in 1877 for their Orient-Pacific Line service and started her first London - Melbourne - Sydney voyage on 12th Aug.1877. Purchased by Orient Steam Navigation Co the following year, she continued this service until starting her last London - Suez - Sydney sailing on 12th May 1887. In 1889 she was employed on Norwegian fjord cruising and in 1894 was sold to P.J.Pitcher of Liverpool who renamed her CLEOPATRA and used her for cruising by the Polytechnic Touring Association. In 1895 she was transferred to the Ocean Cruising and Yachting Co, London and in 1897 was scrapped at Preston. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M. Maber] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.8, Pacific Steam Navigation Co]

CHINA / MAGALLANES / THEODOR 1862
2,638 gross tons, length 326.2ft x beam 40.4ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 268-1st and 771-2nd class passengers. Launched on 8th Oct.1861 by Napier & Sons, Glasgow for Cunard SS Co., she started her maiden voyage on 15th Mar.1862 when she sailed from Liverpool for Queenstown and New York. On 13th May 1865 she started her first Liverpool - Queenstown - Halifax - Boston voyage and her last on this route on 23rd Nov.1867. On 14th Mar.1868 she resumed New York sailings until 17th Aug.1872. On 21st Sep.1872 she sailed for New York but had to put back to Queenstown with a cracked cylinder and in 1873 was re-engined at Glasgow. She resumed New York sailings on 7th Apr.1874 and continued until 5th Aug.1879 when she commenced her last NY voyage. In 1880 she was sold to Spain and renamed MAGALLANES. 1889 engines removed and became the four masted barque THEODOR. 2nd Mar.1906 sailed from Tampa for Yokohama and went missing. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1,p.146 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

CHINA 1889
5060 gross tons, two funnels, four masts, accommodation for 120-1st and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built 1889 by Fairfield, Glasgow and owned by Pacific Mail SS Co., San Francisco, she was used on Hong Kong - Yokohama - San Francisco services. 1915 sold to Atlantic Transport Co. and resold to China Mail Steamship Co., same name, 1923 laid up, 1925 scrapped.

CHINDWIN / ROD-EL-FARAG 1910
6284 gross tons, length 445.5ft x beam 55.2ft, single screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 92 passengers. Laid down as the SALWEEN, she was launched on 10th Aug.1910 as the CHINDWIN by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton for P. Henderson & Co., Glasgow. Maiden voyage 8th Oct.1910 Glasgow - Rangoon. 27th June 1915 stranded at Jebel Zukur, 100 miles north of Perim, but refloated by Brocklebank's MALAKAND. 1926 refitted to carry 110-1st class passengers. 1938 sold to Soc. Misr de Navigation Maritime, Alexandria renamed ROD-EL-FARAG for Alexandria - Marseilles service. 1940 chartered to the Ministry of War Transport. 14th Apr.1944 destroyed by the FORT STIKINE dock explosion at Bombay See http://www.chennaionline.com/columns/safety/safety81.asp [Merchant Fleets, vol.29 by Duncan Haws]

CHITRAL 1925
The first CHITRAL was a P&O Liner, sister ship to the CATHAY and COMORIN, both of which were lost in the war. Built in 1925 by Alex Stephen & Sons, Linthouse, Glasgow, this was a 15,248 gross ton ship, length 526.3ft x beam 70.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 203-1st and 103-2nd class passengers and she carried a crew of 278. Launched on 27th Jan.1925, she sailed from London on July 3rd 1925 for Colombo and Australia. In 1930 her engines were modified to give her a speed of 17.5 knots, and in 1932 Bombay was added as a port of call. Commissioned as an Armed Merchant Cruiser in Oct.1939, she rescued survivors on Nov.23rd from the RAWALPINDI which had engaged two German battleships while trying to defend the convoy. In 1943 she was converted to a troopship and served in this capacity until resuming passenger voyages to Australia on 30th Dec.1948 with 740 emigrants. On Apr.2nd 1953 she was sold and scrapped at Dalmuir.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.1, P&O, Orient and Blue Anchor Lines]

CHIYO MARU 1907
The CHIYO MARU was a 13,426 gross tons ship, length 575ft x beam 61.9ft, two funnels, two masts, triple screw, service speed 18 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 275-1st, 75-2nd and 800-3rd class. Built by Mitsubishi, Nagasaki, she was launched for Toyo Kisen KK, Yokohama on 7th Dec.1907 and was delivered for the transpacific service between Hong Kong and San Francisco on 21st Nov.1908. On 31st Mar.1916 she ran aground 20 miles south of Hong Kong on the island of Tam Kan and broke in two a few days later. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.1, ISBN 0-85059-174-0 contains a photo of the ship]

CHYEBASSA 1874
The CHYEBASSA was the first of three ships with this name owned by the British India Steam Navigation Co. Built in 1874 by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, she was one of three sister ships, the other two being ALMORA and AVA. She was a 2,664 gross ton ship, length 106,74m x beam 11,09m (350.2ft x 36.4ft), Straight stem, one funnel, three masts (barquentine rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 41-1st and 18-2nd class passengers. Launched on 28th July 1874, she was delivered to BI on September 8th. On 6th May 1881, she was put on the London - Suez - Batavia - Brisbane "Queensland Royal Mail" service and stayed on this route until making her last Australia voyage on 24th November 1896. Scrapped at Bombay in 1900. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.11, British India S.N.Co.]

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