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SHIP DESCRIPTIONS - G

Please note that ships often changed hands and names many times. If an entry is just the name of the vessel followed by a "see..." then that vessel was renamed and you will find the full history under the redirected name.

GALICIA 1873
3,829 gross tons, 383ft x 43ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), clipper bows, iron hull, single screw, speed 13 knots. Accommodation for 60-1st, 75-2nd and 300-3rd class passengers.
Launched on 14th Jan.1873 by Robert Napier & Sons, Glasgow for Pacific Steam Navigation Co. and on 23rd April started her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Valparaiso via Cape Horn. In 1898 she was sold to Canadian Steam Nav. Co., Liverpool and renamed GASPASIA. Scrapped at Genoa in 1900.

GALICIAN / GLENART CASTLE 1900
O.N.113334, 6,757 gross tons, length 440.3ft x beam 52.2ft, one funnel, two masts, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 70-1st, 105-2nd and 91-3rd class passengers. Built by Harland & Woff, Belfast (Yard No.348), she was launched as the GALICIAN for the Union Line but completed for Union Castle Mail SS Co. Used on the intermediate service to Capetown. In Aug.1914 she was stopped by the German armed merchant cruiser KAISER WILHELM DER GROSSE but released because of the women and children on board. In Sep.1914 she was renamed GLENART CASTLE because GALICIA was then an enemy country and was commissioned as a 453 bed hospital ship. On 1st Mar.1917 while carrying wounded from Le Havre to Southampton, she hit a mine, but was towed to Portsmouth for repairs. On 26th Feb.1918 on passage Newport, South Wales to Brest she was torpedoed and sunk in the Bristol Channel, 20 miles off Lundy by the German submarine UC.56 and sank within three minutes with the loss of 168 lives. [Union-Castle Line by Peter Newell contains photos of the ship]

GALILEO 1881
The GALILEO was a 2,990 gross ton ship, length 350.7ft x beam 41.2ft, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. This was a cargo steamer with limited accommodation for 13-1st class passengers. Built by Earles Shipbuilding Co, Hull for the Wilson Line, she was launched on 26th Apr.1881. She made her maiden voyage from Hull to Boston and New York in July 1881 and continued US sailings until making her last voyage from Newcastle to New York in Sept.1901. She was scrapped at Genoa the same year.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3;p.]

GALILEO 1908
4,768 gross tons, length 410ft x beam 52ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots. Launched on 28th Jul.1908 by Northumberland Shipbuilding Co., Howden-on-Tyne for Thos. Wilson, Sons & Co., Hull. 2nd Sep.1908 maiden voyage Hull to New York. 1917 transferred to Ellerman's Wilson Line. 31st May 1918 torpedoed in the English Channel and beached near Newhaven, refloated and repaired. 28th Aug.1926 Fire discovered in the coal bunkers after leaving New York for Hull, Tyne and Antwerp with cargo including explosives and acetone and returned to New York. 30th Aug.1926 flooded and capsized in New York harbour. Oct.1926 abandoned by owners to the U.S. Government and sold the following year to Merritt Chapman Scott Corporation. Refloated and sold to Union Shipbuilding Co., Baltimore and scrapped.

GALILEO GALILEI / GALILEO / MERIDIAN / SUN VISTA 1963
Completed in 1963 as the GALILEO GALILEI by Cant Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Trieste for Lloyd Triestino, she was launched on 2nd July 1961, but due to industrial disputes, it was 22nd Apr.1963 before she started her maiden voyage from Genoa for Fremantle and Sydney. Her high 24 knot service speed enabled her to sail from Genoa to Sydney in 23 days. She had fully air conditioned accommodation for 156-1st and 1,594-tourist class passengers and carried 443 crew. Her length was 700ft and beam 94ft and gross tonnage 27,907 tons. She continued the Australia trade, using the Suez Canal until it was closed in 1967 when she was diverted via Cape Town and Durban. In Oct.1968 she returned to Genoa from Sydney via the Panama Canal and then made round-the-world cruises and limited cruises out of Sydney as well as Italy - Australia voyages. On 13th Jan.1975 she struck rocks off the West Coast of Africa, diverted to Monrovia where inspection found major damage to her hull. The cruise was cancelled and she returned to Genoa for repairs. The Italian government withdrew subsidies in about 1975, and the Australia service which had been running at a loss continued until May 1977 and was then terminated. Refitted as a full time cruise ship with accommodation for 900 single class passengers, she made short Mediterranean and European cruises in 1979-80. She spent considerable time laid up and in 1981 was chartered to Chandris for a while. Laid up again until late 1983 when she was sold to Chandris Line who completely refitted her and used her on cruises out of New York and Miami and in 1984 renamed her GALILEO. In 1989 Chandris created an up market company called Celebrity Cruises, had the ship rebuilt at Hamburg and renamed MERIDIAN. Used on high quality cruises out of US ports until June 1997 when she was sold to Metro Holdings of Singapore. Renamed SUN VISTA in 1998 she cruised out of Singapore mostly to Thailand. On 19th May 1999, while carrying 472 passengers and 632 crew, fire broke out in the engine room near Singapore. There was no loss of life, but so much water was pumped into her to try to extinguish the fire that she sank.

GALLIA / DON ALVARO DE BAZAN 1878
Built in 1878 by J&G.Thomson, Glasgow for the Cunard SS Co, she was a 4,809 gross ton ship, length 430.1ft x beam 44.6ft, one funnel, three masts (barque rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 300-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 12th Nov.1878, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York on 5th Apr.1879. On 20th Apr.1886 she started her first Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston sailing and commenced her last voyage on this service on 5th Sep.1895. Chartered to Cia Trasatlantica of Spain in 1896 she was temporarily renamed DON ALVARO DE BAZAN and used for transporting troops to deal with the Cuban Rebellion. Later the same year she reverted to her previous name of GALLIA and resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston voyages on 21st May 1896. Her last sailing on this route started 7th Oct.1897 and she was then sold to the Beaver Line. Her first voyage for these owners started 20th Nov.1897 when she left Liverpool for Halifax and St John NB, and her last on 18th Mar.1899 from Liverpool to St John NB. In 1899 she went to the Allan Line and commenced her first sailing from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal on 4th May 1899 but went aground near Sorel Point, Quebec, was salvaged and scrapped at Cherbourg the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.152]

GALLIA / CHATEAU YQUEM 1883
Built by Chantiers & Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux (engines by Schneider & Cie, Creuzot) in 1883, she was a 4,035 gross ton ship, length 386.5ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 50-1st and 1,200-3rd class. Launched on 17/11/1883 as the "Chateau Yquem" for the French owned Bordeaux Line, she sailed from Bordeaux on her maiden voyage to New York on 30/6/1884. On 27/2/1886 she started a single Palermo - Naples - Valencia - New York round voyage and on 10/5/1887 started a single round voyage from Bordeaux to Naples and New York. Her last Bordeaux - New York sailing started on 6/9/1887 and her last Naples - New York on 21/4/1888. In the Autumn of 1888 she was chartered to Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line) and sailed between Bordeaux, Havana and Vera Cruz. Damaged in collision with the Spanish ship "Cristobal Colon" at Havana on 28/1/1889, and on 3/11/1891 was offered for sale at Bordeaux but found no buyer. Chartered to the French government in April 1895 and used as a transport for the Madagascar Expedition, and on 9/10/1896 sailed from Havre to New York. Sold to the Fabre Line in 1896, she commenced her first Marseilles - Genoa - Leghorn - Naples - New York voyage on 29/3/1897. On 31/12/1897 she stranded at La Seyne, was refloated and had an extensive refit. She resumed Marseilles - New York sailings on 21/1/1899 and started her last Marseilles - Naples - New York voyage on 3/6/1900. Renamed "Gallia" she resumed Marseilles - Naples - New York sailings on 28/7/1900 and commenced her last Marseilles - New York voyage in December 1909 (arr. NY 15/1/1910). In December 1910 she was sold and scrapped in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1064]

GALWAY CASTLE 1911
7,988 gross tons, length 452.3ft x beam 56.3ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 87-1st, 130-2nd and 195-3rd class passengers.
Built 1911 by Harland & Wolff Ltd, Belfast with refrigerated cargo space for the carriage of fruit for Union Castle Mail Steamship Co's west coast intermediate service to South Africa. Her maiden voyage to Cape Town took place in November 1911 and in Sep.1914 she carried troops from Cape Town at the start of the German South-West Africa campaign. In 1915 because of the shortage of ships, she was used as a mail ship and on 3rd Aug,1916 was attacked by German aircraft off the Gull lightship off Ramsgate, but escaped serious damage.12th Oct.1917 ran aground off East London, South Africa but refloated a few days later. 12th Sep.1918 torpedoed 160 miles South of Fastnet Rock in position 48.50N 10.40W on voyage Plymouth to South Africa with mails and passengers. 150 lives were lost, many unnecessarily during the evacuation of the ship, which although suffering a broken back, remained afloat for 3 days before sinking. [Union-Castle Line by Peter Newell] . . . Memorial Card Ivy & Freda REEVES

GANGES 1850
(P & O) The GANGES during the Crimea War period was a 1187 gross ton ship, length 235ft x beam 29.3ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, side paddle wheel propulsion, speed 11 knots. Accommodation for 16-1st and 14-2nd class passengers. Built by Tod & McGregor, Glasgow she was registered in Dec.1850 and started her maiden voyage to Constantinople on 27th Feb.1851. In November 1851 she was sent to Bombay with troops via the Cape. She continued Far East service until June 1871 when she was sold to Rennie & Co, Shanghai and was scrapped soon afterwards.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.1, P&O Line]

GANGES / MERCURIUS 1868
The GANGES was a 1,903 gross ton ship, built in 1868 by the London & Glasgow Co, Glasgow. Her details were - length 267.5ft x beam 33.4ft, one funnel, two masts, iron construction and a speed of 10 knots. Launched on 3/9/1868 for J.A.Dunkerley & Co who ran a steamship service to Baltic ports, she came under the management of a new company formed about 1870 called Mercantile Steamship Co of Liverpool. On 14/8/1872 she started a single round passenger voyage between Liverpool and Philadelphia and in October 1872 made the first of two round voyages between Liverpool and Boston under charter to Warren Lines. After that, the Mercantile SS Co confined it's activities to tramping and it is quite feasible that the GANGES sailed between Calcutta and Trinidad. In 1898 she was sold to Italian owners and renamed MERCURIUS, resold to Swedish owners in 1899 and sunk in collision near Gothenburg on 11/10/1899. She was refloated, repaired and resumed service until 1913 when she was scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.2, p.817]

GARONNE 1871
The GARONNE was built in 1871 by R.Napier & Sons, Glasgow for the South American trade of the Pacific Steam Navigation Co. In 1878 she was bought by the newly formed Orient Steam Navigation Co. She was a 3,876 gross ton ship, length 382.1ft x beam 41.4ft (116,45m x 12,62m), clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw with a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 72-1st, 92-2nd and 265-3rd class passengers. Launched in April 1871, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo and Valparaiso on 29th June 1871. She commenced her first sailing from London to Melbourne and Sydney for the Orient Line on 17th April 1878 and continued on this service, sometimes via Suez and sometimes via the Cape. Early in 1889 she pioneered cruises to the Norwegian fjords and Scandinavian capitals but returned to the Australia run for a single voyage in June 1889 as a replacement for the ORMUZ which was taking part in the Spithead review. She was employed on cruising until 1897 when she was sold to V.Porter of Liverpool, but immediately resold to F.Waterhouse of Seattle. She was broken up in 1905 at Genoa. [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor] [North Star to Southern Cross by John M.Maber]

GASSENDI 1872 / MADONNA DELLA COSTA
The GASSENDI was a 1,249 gross ton ship, length 238.1ft x beam 30.3ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by Hall, Russell & Co, Aberdeen, she was launched in Apr.1872 for the Lamport & Holt Line. Liverpool. Her maiden voyage started 19th Jul.1872 when she left Liverpool for Pernambuco and she continued on the South America service until 1885 when she was sold to T & J. MacFarlane, Glasgow. In 1886 she was owned by G. Williams, Liverpool and in 1891 was sold to G. B. Reforzo, Genoa and renamed MADONNA DELLA COSTA. On 6th Jul.1894 she was destroyed by fire at Santos, Brazil.[South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor] [Merchant Fleets, vol.34 by Duncan Haws]

GEELONG / IRHIZAKI MARU 1866
1835 gross tons, length 275ft x beam 34.2ft, clipper bows, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Built in 1866 by William Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, she was purchased by the P&O Line while building. She entered the Ceylon - Australia service on 22nd Oct.1867 and was later used mainly on the Far east service. Sold in Japan in Oct.1887, she was renamed IRHIZAKI MARU No.1 and was lost at sea in June 1891.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.1, P&O Line]

GEELONG / AUSTRALIA 1904
7954 gross tons, length 450ft x beam 54.5ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 13.5 knots. Accommodation for 90-1st and 450-3rd class passengers. Built by Barclay, Curle & Co, Glasgow in 1904 for Lund's Blue Anchor Line, she entered service as the AUSTRALIA but was renamed GEELONG to avoid confusion with P&O Line's ship with the same name. After their loss of the ill fated WARATAH in 1909, Lund's sold out to P&O Line and in 1910 their remaining ships transferred to P&O's Branch service to Australia via the Cape. The GEELONG's accommodation was changed to accommodate 700-3rd class. In 1915 she was taken over as an Australian Expeditionary Force troop transport and on 1st Jan.1916 she collided with the 2866 ton steamer BONVILSTON of Cardiff while in convoy and sank 100 miles NW of Alexandria with no loss of life.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.1, P&O Line]

GELLERT 1874
3,533 gross tons, length 375.4ft x beam 40ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 13 knots. Accommodation for 90-1st, 100-2nd and 800-3rd class passengers. Built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow and launched for the Adler Line on 25th Nov.1874. She did not run for this company, but was purchased by the Hamburg America Line in 1875 and started her maiden voyage on 26th May 1875 when she left Hamburg for Havre and New York. Rebuilt with two funnels in 1881, she caught fire in mid-Atlantic on 22nd Oct.1893, but the fire was subdued. Her first Naples - New York voyage started in Nov.1893 and her last Hamburg - New York sailing started 11th Mar.1894. Her fourth and last Naples - New York voyage commenced 18th Aug.1894 and she was then sold to other German owners. Scrapped in 1897. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1]

GELRIA / GRADISCA 1913
13,868 gross tons, length 170,68m x beam 20,05m, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 17.5 knots. Accommodation for 197-1st, 236-2nd, 136-intermediate and 854-3rd class passengers. Built by A. Stephens & Sons, Glasgow, she was launched for Royal Holland Lloyd of Amsterdam on 20th May 1913. Her maiden voyage started on 5th Nov.1913 when she left Amsterdam for South American ports. Laid up from March 1916 until March 1919, she resumed South America sailings on 12th Mar.1919. Again laid up at Amsterdam in Nov.1931, she was chartered to Argentinian interests for use as an exhibition ship, but the plans fell through and she returned from Buenos Aires to Amsterdam where she was again laid up. In 1935 she was sold to Lloyd Triestino of Italy and renamed GRADISCA. Used as a troop transport in the Abyssinian war and occasionally as a hospital ship, she subsequently made some voyages to East Africa. Used as a hospital ship in the second World War, she was taken over by the Germans when Italy capitulated. Captured by a British submarine in 1944, she was taken to Alexandria, but was returned to Germany due to her being a hospital ship. She became a British war prize after the war, and on 23rd Jan.1946 ran aground on the island of Gavdos while sailing from Port Said to Malta. Salvaged in 1947, she was laid up until 1949 when she was sold for scrap. [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor] [Great Passenger Ships of the World, volume 2, by Arnold Kludas]

GENERAL ALEXANDER M. PATCH / ADMIRAL R. E. COONTZ 1944
17,100 gross tons, length 609ft x beam 75.5ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 19 knots, accommodation for 4,680 troops. Designated class P2-SE2-R1 and one of eight sister ships built by Bethlehem Steel Co, Alameda, Calif. Launched as the ADMIRAL R. E. COONTZ on 22nd Aug.1944 for the US Army. 21st Nov.1944 transferred to the US Navy, commissioned AP122. 3rd Jan.1945 maiden voyage San Francisco - Pearl Harbor. 25th Mar.1946 handed to the US Army. 1947 renamed GEN.ALEXANDER M. PATCH. 1st Mar.1950 placed in Military Sea Transportation Service by US Navy (T-AP122). 26th May 1970 to US Maritime Administration and laid up in James River. 1985 still laid up, but I have no later info on this ship..[Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols 4 & 6] Vol.4 contains a photo.

GENERAL A. W. GREELY / HAWAII BEAR / AUSTRAL GLADE 1944
The GENERAL A. W. GREELY was one of a class of 30 ships, classified as C4-S-A1. They were 523ft in length x 71.2ft beam, 10,654 gross tons, turbine engines located aft, 17 knots and with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops and a crew of 256. Built by Kaiser, Richmond/Cal. Yard No.22, she was launched 5th Nov.1944 and commissioned for the US Navy on March 22nd 1945 as AP 141. She sailed from San Pedro on her maiden voyage to Australia on April 16th. On March 20th 1946 she was handed over to the US Army, rebuilt to 12,665 gross tons and made seven voyages between Germany and the US with displaced persons. In 1950 she was returned to the US Navy for Military Sea Transportation Service and given the number T-AP 141. Handed over to the Maritime Administration on Aug.29th 1959, she was laid up in the reserve fleet at Olympia, Wash. In 1968 she was sold to Pacific Far East Line Inc, San Francisco and commenced rebuilding as a container ship by Todd Shipyard, Alameda on April 19th. She entered commercial service in May 1969 as the 11,447 ton HAWAII BEAR and was used by Pacific Far East Line until 1975 when she was purchased by Farrell Lines Inc, New York, who renamed her AUSTRAL GLADE the following year. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.4, 1936-1950, by Arnold Kludas. ISBN 0-85059-253-4]

GENERAL C. C. BALLOU / BROOKLYN / HUMACAO / EASTERN LIGHT 1945
The GENERAL C. C. BALLOU was a 10,654 gross ton ship, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel (engines aft), two masts, single screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Built by Kaiser's, Richmond, Cal. she was launched on 7th Mar.1945. Commissioned on 30th June as AP 157, she started her maiden voyage on 29th Jul.1945 when she left San Diego for Marseille. In May 1946 she was transferred to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,666 gross tons. From 1949 onward she made 16 voyages between Germany and the USA with displaced persons and on 1st Mar.1950 was returned to the US Navy for the Military Sea Transportation Service. Laid up at Beaumont on 1st Jun.1960 by the Maritime Administration and in 1968 was sold to Sea Land Service Inc. Wilmington, Del. Rebuilt as a container ship by the Alabama Shipbuilding & Drydock Co to 11,369 gross tons, she was renamed BROOKLYN. In 1975 she went to Puerto Rico Shipping Authority, San Juan and was renamed HUMACAO, and in 1981 was sold to Eastern Star Maritime Ltd, Panama and renamed EASTERN LIGHT. On 24th Dec.1981 she left Kobe for Kaohsiung, Taiwan where she was scrapped.[Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.4,p.112; vol.6,p.180]

GENERAL C. H. MUIR / CHICAGO / SAN JUAN 1945
This ship was one of a class of 30 ships designated C4-S-A1, built as a US Navy transport by Kaiser Shipyard, Richmond, Calif. Her details were 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel, engines aft, single screw, speed 17 knots. Accommodation for 3,000 troops.
Launched on 24th Nov.1944, she was commissioned AP-142 on 12th Apr.1945 and started her maiden voyage on 13th May when she left San Francisco for Pearl Harbour. On 18th Jun.1946 she was taken over by the US Army and was used for carrying displaced persons from Europe to the USA. Returned to the US Navy in 1950 and used for Military Sea Transportation Service (T-AP142). 30th Jun.1960 laid up by the US Maritime Commission at Suisun Bay until 1968 when she was sold to Sea Land Services, Wilmington, Del and rebuilt by Todd Shipyard, Galveston as an 18,455 gross ton container ship. 1969 entered commercial service and renamed CHICAGO. 1975 sold to Puerto Rico Maritime Shipping Authority, San Juan and renamed SAN JUAN.
Still in service in 1985 but I have no later information. She has most probably since been scrapped. There is a photo of the ship in "Great Passenger Ships of the World" by Arnold Kludas, vol.4; ISBN 0-85059-253-4

GENERALCONSUL ELISSAJEFF / ADA / SVENDBORG 1902
1,457 gross ton cargo steamer, 250.5ft x 35.8ft, built 1902 by John Crown, Sunderland as the ADA for Whinfield SS Co. Ltd (P. Thomas & Co.), Cardiff. 1905 sold to A/S Dampsk. Selsk Svendborg (P. M. Moller), Svendborg renamed SVENDBORG. 1908 sold to Dansk Dampsk.Selsk.Rossia (Chr Jensen, St Petersburg), Copenhagen renamed GENERALCONSUL ELISSAJEFF. 20th Feb.1914 wrecked 3 miles east of Arinagour, Coll Island, Scotland on voyage Liverpool and Runcorn to Stettin with general cargo and ore. [Register of Merchant Ships Completed in 1902 by W. A. Schell]

GENERAL D. E. AULTMAN / PORTLAND 1945
One of 30 ships classed as C4-S-A1, 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel (engines aft), single screw, speed 17 knots. Accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Built by Kaiser, Richmond, Cal, she was launched on 18th Feb.1945 and commissioned No.AP 156 on 20th May. Her maiden voyage started 1st Jul.1945 when she left San Diego for Marseilles and in March 1946 she was sold to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,551 gross tons. Returned to the US Navy on 1st Mar.1950 for Military Sea Transportation Sevice and numbered T-AP 156. On 4th Jun.1958 she was laid up at Suisan Bay, SF, and in 1967 was sold to the Containership Chartering Service, Wilmington, Del. Rebuilt as a 11,389 ton container ship by Williamette Iron & Steel Co, she was renamed PORTLAND and entered commercial service in 1968. She was reported sold in Oct.1986, possibly for scrapping.[Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols.4 & 6]

GENERAL H. TAYLOR / GENERAL HOYT S. VANDENBERG 1943
This was a 10,654 gross ton ship, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel (engines aft), two masts, single screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Built by Kaiser's, Richmond, Cal. she was launched on 10th Oct.1943. Commissioned on 8th May 1944 as AP 145, she started her maiden voyage on 23rd June when she left San Francisco for Milne Bay. In 1946 she was transferred to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,544 gross tons. From 1949 onward she made 30 voyages between Germany and the USA with displaced persons and on 1st Mar.1950 was returned to the US Navy for the Military Sea Transportation Service. Laid up at Beaumont, Tex. on 10th Jul.1958 by the Maritime Administration and in 1962/63 was rebuilt as a satellite tracking ship by the Bethlehem Steel Corp. Commissioned by the US Air Force at Baltimore as the GENERAL HOYT S. VANDENBERG on 18th Jul.1963 and handed over to the US Navy in Jul.1964. She was still in service in 1986 but I have no info after this date. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.4,p.98; vol.6,p.172]

GENERAL H. F. HODGES / JAMES 1945
Sister ship to the GENERAL W.C.LANGFITT, launched 6th Apr.1945 by Kaiser Shipyard. Maiden voyage 10th May 1945 San Francisco - Far East. May 1946 transferred to US Army, rebuilt to 12,521 tons. Mar.1st 1950 returned to US Navy for MSTS service. June 16th 1958 laid up by the Maritime Administration in the River Hudson. 1967 sold to James River Transport Inc, NY, rebuilt to 10,530 tons at Todd Shipyard, Brooklyn and entered commercial service in Feb.1968 as the JAMES. 1979 scrapped at Taiwan. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.4, 1936-1950 by Arnold Kludas, ISBN 0-85059-253-4]

GENERAL H. W. BUTNER 1943
17,951 gross tons, length 622ft x beam 75.ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 20 knots, accommodation for 5,200 troops. One of a class of 11 sister ships designated P2-S2-R2. Built by Federal SB & DD Co, Kearny, NJ, launched on 19th Sep.1943 and commissioned AP113 on 11th Jan.1944. Maiden voyage 23rd Feb.from Norfolk to Morocco. Oct.1949 entered Military Sea Transportation service as T-AP113. Mar.1960 Maritime Administration and laid up in James River. 1976 sold to Luris Bros, Brownsville, Texas for scrapping. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols 4 & 6] Vol.4 contains a photo.

GENERAL LE ROY ELTINGE / ROBERT E. LEE / ROBERT TOOMBS 1944 This was the GENERAL LE ROY ELTINGE. Built by Kaiser, Richmond, Cal. in 1944, she was one of a class of 30 ships. Her details were - 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel (engines aft), two masts, and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for up to 3,000 troops and she caried a crew of 256. Launched for the US Navy on 20th Sep.1944, she was commissioned (AP-154) on 21st Feb.1945 and started her maiden voyage on 23rd March when she left San Diego for Calcutta. In June 1946 she was handed over to the US Army and refitted to 13,100 gross tons. She made five round voyages between Germany and US ports with displaced persons and was then returned to the US Navy for use in the Military Sea Transportation Service. In Sep.1968 she went to the Marine Administration and was laid up until 1969 when she was sold to Waterman Carriers Inc, New York and rebuilt as a 10,562 gross ton container ship at Portland. Renamed ROBERT E. LEE in Dec.1969, she was used in commercial service and in Sep.1973 was renamed ROBERT TOOMBS. She was scrapped at Kaohsiung, Taiwan in April 1980. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols 4 & 6]

GENERAL M. B. STEWART 1944 / ALBANY / MISSION VIKING
She was one of a class of 30 ships designated C4-S-A1 built by Kaiser, Richmond, Cal. Her specifications were 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft (159,30m x 21,70m), two masts, one funnel, engines aft, and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Launched on 15th Oct.1944, she was commissioned as the US Navy ship number AP 140 on 3rd Mar.1945. Her maiden voyage started on 2nd April when she left San Francisco for Pearl Harbour. In May 1946 she was handed over to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,521 gross tons. Returned to the US Navy in 1950 for Military Sea Transportation Service, she made 24 round voyages between Germany and the USA with displaced persons between 1949-1952. Handed over to the Maritime Administration on 21st May 1958, she was laid up in the Hudson River until 1967 when she was sold to Albany River Transport Inc, New York and rebuilt as a cargo ship by Todd Shipyard, Brooklyn. She started service in Dec.1968 as the 10,530 gross ton ship ALBANY and in 1974 was sold to Avondale Shipyards Inc and renamed MISSION VIKING. Refitted as a drilling vessel she was acquired by Mission Drilling & Exploration Corp, later Mission Viking Inc, New Orleans. In 1981 she came under the ownership of Manufacturers' Hanover Leasing Corp, Panama and was still under their ownership in 1985. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.4,p.106; vol.6,p.172.]

GENERAL M. C. MEIGS 1944
The GENERAL M. C. MEIGS was built by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co, Kearny, NJ. in 1944. She was a 17,707 gross ton ship, length 622ft x beam 75.5ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 20 knots. She had capacity for 5,200 troops. Launched on 13th Mar.1944, she was commissioned on June 3rd as AP116 and started her maiden voyage on 10th July when she left Newport News for Naples. She entered the Military Sea Transport Service on 21st Jul.1950 and was numbered T-AP116 and on Oct.1st 1958 came under the control of the Maritime Administration and was laid up at Olympia. In Jan.1972 she was towed out from Puget Sound, bound for San Francisco where she was to be laid up again. On 9th Jan, off Cape Flattery she parted her towline, drifted ashore and broke in two. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.4, 1936-1950]

GENERAL R. E. CALLAN / GENERAL H.H. ARNOLD 1944
The GENERAL R. E. CALLAN was one of a class of 30 ships, classified as C4-S-A1. They were 523ft in length x 71.2ft beam, 10,654 gross tons, turbine engines located aft, 17 knots and with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops and a crew of 256. Built by Kaiser, Richmond/Cal. Yard No.15, she was launched on April 27th 1944 and commissioned on 17th August 1944 for the US Navy as AP 139. She sailed from San Francisco on her maiden voyage to New Guinea on Sept.25th and on 24th May 1946 was handed over to the US Army and refitted to 12,351 tons. In 1950 she was returned to the US Navy for Military Sea Transportation Service and numbered T-AP 139. Laid up by Maritime Administration on July 17th 1958 in the reserve fleet, and in 1962/63 was rebuilt by the Bethlehem Steel Corp. as a satellite tracking ship. In 1963 she was renamed GENERAL H. H. ARNOLD and commissioned by the US Air Force, handed over to the Navy in 1964 and numbered T-AGM 9, she was still in service in 1985. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.4, 1936 - 1950 by Arnold Kludas]

GENERAL R. M. BLATCHFORD / STONEWALL JACKSON / ALEX STEPHENS 1944 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, one funnel, engines aft, single screw, speed 17 knots. Built with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Built by Kaiser Shipyard, Richmond, Cal, she was launched on 27th Aug.1944 and commissioned as US Navy transport AP153. Her maiden voyage from San Francisco to Manila started 12 Mar.1945 and in June 1946 was handed to the US Army and rebuilt to 13,100 tons. Returned to the Navy in 1950 for Maritime Sea Transportation service, she made 28 voyages between Germany and the USA with displaced persons between 1949- 1952. Handed over to Marine Administration in Sep.1968, she was laid up until Jan.1969 when she was sold to Waterman Carriers Inc, New York and rebuilt as a 10,562 gross ton container ship. Renamed STONEWALL JACKSON, she entered commercial service in 1970 and in 1973 was renamed ALEX STEPHENS. Transferred to the US Department of Commerce in 1979, she went to shipbreakers in Taiwan the following year.[Great Passenger Ships of the World vols 4 & 6 by Arnold Kludas]

GENERAL SIMON B. BUTNER / ADMIRAL E. W. EBERLE 1944
17,100 gross tons, length 609ft x beam 75.5ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 19 knots, accommodation for 4,680 troops. Designated class P2-SE2-R1 and one of eight sister ships built by Bethlehem Steel Co, Alameda, Calif. Launched as the ADMIRAL E. W. EBERLE on 14th Jun.1944 for the US Army. 24th Jan.1945 delivered to the US Navy and commissioned AP123. 6th Mar.1945 maiden voyage San Francisco - Philippines. May 1946 handed to the US Army. 1947 renamed GEN. SIMON B. BUCKNER. Mar.1950 placed in Military Sea Transportation Service by US Navy (T-AP 123). 1970 Maritime Administration, laid up in James River. 1985 still laid up but no later information.[Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols 4 & 6] Vol.4 contains a photo.

GENERAL S. D. STURGIS / GREEN PORT 1943
The GENERAL S.D.STURGIS was one of a class of 30 ships, designated C4-S-A1. They were 523ft in length x 71.2ft beam, 10,654 gross tons, turbine engines located aft, 17 knots and with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops and a crew of 256. Built by Kaiser, Richmond/Cal. Yard No.17, she was launched on 12th Nov.1943. Her maiden voyage started 18th Aug.1944 when she left Seattle for Honolulu and on 24th Jun.1946 she was handed to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,349 gross tons. She made 21 voyages between Germany and the USA with displaced persons. Returned to the US Navy in 1950 for MSTS Service she was laid up at Beaumont, Texas in Aug.1958 and in 1967 was sold to Central Gulf SS Corp, New Orleans. Rebuilt as a cargo ship and renamed GREEN PORT, she entered commercial service in June 1968 and was scrapped at Taiwan in Feb.1980. [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols.4 and 6]

GENERAL W. C. LANGFITT / TRANSINDIANA 1944
The GENERAL W. C. LANGFITT was one of a class of 30 ships, classified as C4-S-A1. They were 523ft in length x 71.2ft beam, 10,654 gross tons, turbine engines located aft, 17 knots and with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops and a crew of 256. Built by Kaiser, Richmond/Cal. Yard No.17, she was launched on July 17th 1944 and commissioned on Sept.30th as AP 151. She started her maiden voyage from San Diego to Eniwetok on Nov.10th. In June 1946 she was handed over to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,544 gross tons, making 9 Germany - USA voyages with displaced persons. Returned to the US Navy in 1950 and used in the Military Sea Transportation Service, number T-AP 151 until May 13th 1958 when she was laid up by the Maritime Administration in the reserve fleet in the James River. In 1968 she was sold to Hudson Waterways Corporation, New York and rebuilt as a 13,489 ton, 633ft long container vessel by the Maryland Shipbuilding and Drydock Co, Baltimore. In Dec.1969 she entered commercial service as the TRANSINDIANA. Laid up at New York in Nov.1978, she was scrapped at Brownsville, Texas in 1983. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.4, 1936-1950 by Arnold Kludas, ISBN 0-85059-253-4]

GENERAL W. G. HAAN / TRANSOREGON / MAYAGUEZ / AMCO TRADER 1945
The GENERAL W. G. HAAN was one of a class of 30 ships designated C4-S-A1. 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft, engines aft, single screw, speed 17 knots. Accommodation for up to 3,000 troops. Built by Kaiser Shipyard, Richmond, Cal, she was launched on 2nd Aug.1945 and commissioned AP 158 for the US Navy on 4th Sep.1945. She made her maiden voyage from San Diego to East Asia and in Jun.1946 transferred to the US Army. 1950 returned to the US Navy for MSTS service and designated T-AP 158. Oct.1958 Laid up at Beaumont, Tex. 1968 sold to Hudson Waterways Corp, New York and rebuilt as a container ship by Maryland SB & DD Co, Baltimore. Dec.1969 entered commercial service as the TRANSOREGON (13,489 gross tons). 1975 sold to Puerto Rico Maritime Shipping Authority and renamed MAYAGUEZ. 1982 Sold to Merchant Terminal Corp, New York renamed AMCO TRADER. 1985 Laid up at New York.

GENERAL W. M. BLACK / GREEN FOREST  1943
The GENERAL W. M. BLACK was one of a class of ships designated C4-S-A1 and was 10,654 gross tons, length 523ft x beam 71.2ft (159.3m x 21.7m), engines aft, single screw, speed 17 knots. Built in 1943 by Kaiser, Richmond, Calif, with accommodation for up to 3,000 troops she was launched on 23rd Jul.1943. Her maiden voyage from San Francisco to Pearl Harbour for the US Navy started on 26th Mar.1944 and on 28th Feb.1946 she was handed over to the US Army and rebuilt to 12,551 gross tons. Used to transport displaced persons from Europe to America and other parts of the world and returned to the US Navy on 1st Mar.1950 for Military Sea Transportation Service. Transferred to the Maritime Administration in 1955 and laid up at Suisun Bay, Calif until 1967 when she was sold to Central Gulf SS Co, New Orleans, rebuilt as a 10.577 ton cargo ship and renamed GREEN FOREST. She was scrapped at Taiwan in 1980.[Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vols.4 & 6.]

GENERAL WILLIAM O. DARBY / ADMIRAL W. S. SIMS 1944
William Orlando Darby, born 8 February 1911 at Fort Smith, Ark., graduated from the U.S. Military Academy 13 June 1933 and was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Field Artillery. Prior to the beginning of World War II, he served with the 82d, 3d, and 80th Field Artillery Divisions and with the 1st Cavalry. In 1942 he assumed command of the 1st Ranger Battalion and distinguished himself during operations in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy. Promoted to Colonel 11 December 1943, he returned to the United States in April 1944 for duty with the Army Ground Forces and later with the Operations Division, War Department General Staff. He returned to Europe in March 1945, and became Assistant Commander of the 10th Mountain Division the following month. He was killed by an exploding shell 30 April 1945 and was posthumously promoted to Brigadier General.
ADMIRAL W. S. SIMS (AP-127) was reacquired by the Navy from the Army Transport Service as GENERAL WILLIAM O. DARBY 1 March 1950 and assigned to MSTS. Manned by a civilian crew, she operated out of New York and, between 1950 and 1953, completed more than 20 roundtrip voyages to Bremerhaven and back to rotate troops and transport military dependents and civilian refugees. She departed New York 20 June 1953 and steamed via the Panama Canal to Yokosuka, Japan, where she arrived 17 July to embark homebound veterans of the Korean conflict. After returning to Seattle, Wash., 29 July, she made five more trooplift voyages to Japan and back during the next 5 months. Arriving San Francisco 23 January 1954, she sailed for the East Coast the 25th and reached New York 8 February. GENERAL WILLIAM O. DARBY  resumed transatlantic transport duty 18 February and during the next 2 years completed 32 voyages to Bremerhaven and back. Departing New York 5 July 1956, she deployed to the Mediterranean and steamed from North Africa to Turkey while supporting peace-keeping operations of the 6th Fleet. She returned to New York 6 August and during the next 10 years completed 135 transport voyages to Europe and back plus nine additional deployments to the Mediterranean. In response to America's determination to defend the integrity and independence of South Vietnam from external Communist aggression, GENERAL WILLIAM O. DARBY departed New York 12 August 1965 for transport duty in the Western Pacific. After embarking troops at Charleston, S.C., she steamed via the Panama Canal and reached Qui Nhon, South Vietnam, 12 September. On the 15th she sailed for the United States; and, steaming via Subic Bay, the Suez Canal, and Bremerhaven, she arrived New York 22 October. Between 11 November and 8 July 1966 she made nine more runs to Europe before resuming trooplifts to Southeast Asia. After embarking almost 1,600 troops at Boston, she sailed 15 July; touched at Long Beach, and Okinawa; and arrived Vung Tau, South Vietnam, 14 August. Departing the next day, she steamed via Yokosuka, Japan, to Pusan, South Korea, where she arrived 28 August to embark 1,800 Vietnam-bound South Korean troops. She sailed the 31st arriving Nha Trang 6 September, then departed 9 September to embark more South Korean soldiers at Pusan. She continued operating in the Western Pacific, supporting the forces for freedom in Southeast Asia until steaming to New York in February 1967 for overhaul. On 1 July 1967 she was in ready reserve status. From Dictionary of American Fighting Ships http://www.hazegray.org/

GEORGE WASHINGTON / CATLIN 1908
The GEORGE WASHINGTON was built by AG Vulcan, Stettin, for Norddeutscher Lloyd, and launched on 10 November 1908. 25,570 tons; 213,07 x 23,83 meters/699.1 x 78.2 feet (length x breadth); 2 funnels, 4 masts; twin screw propulsion, service speed 18 knots; accommodation for 568 1st-class, 433 2nd-class, 452 3rd-class, and 1,226 steerage-class passengers; crew of 585. 12 June 1909, maiden voyage, Bremerhaven-Southampton-Cherbourg-New York. 25 July 1914, last voyage, Bremerhaven-Southampton-Cherbourg-New York (arrived 3 August). 1914-1917, interned at New York. 6 April 1917, seized by the U.S. Government; navy transport. 1919, army transport; carried President Wilson to France for the Versailles Conference. January 1920, transferred to the United States Shipping Board. October 1920, chartered to the United States Mail Lines; refitted by Tietjen & Lang, New York; 23,788 tons; accommodation for 573 1st-class, 442 2nd-class, and 1,485 3rd-class passengers. 3 August 1921, first voyage, New York-Plymouth-Cherbourg- Bremen (departed 17 August) - Southampton - Cherbourg - New York (1 roundtrip voyage). 3 September 1921, first voyage, same route, for the United States Lines. July 1926, passenger accommodation modified to 1st, 2nd, tourist, and 3rd class. January 1928, passenger accommodation modified to cabin, tourist, and 3rd class. 11 December 1929, first voyage, New York-Plymouth-Cherbourg-Hamburg. 22 September 1931, last voyage, New York-Plymouth-Cherbourg-Hamburg. 6 October 1931, last voyage, Hamburg- Southampton- Cherbourg - New York (arrived 16 October). 29 August 1932, towed to Patuxent River, Maryland, and laid up. 1940, CATLIN (U.S. Navy transport). 1941, British transport; reverted to GEORGE WASHINGTON. February 1942, returned to U.S. Maritime Commission for malfunctioning boilers. June 1942-April 1943, after several journeys between New York and Panama, extensively rebuilt by Todd's, Brooklyn; converted to oil fuel, funnels reduced to 1. April 1943, U.S. Army transport. March 1947, seriously damaged in a fire at New York; laid up at Baltimore. 17 January 1951, gutted by fire at Baltimore; scrapped [Arnold Kludas, Die grossen passagierschiffe der Welt; Eine Dokumentation , Band I: 1858-1912 (2nd ed.; Oldenburg/Hamburg: Gerhard Stalling, c1972), pp. 122-123; Noel Reginald Pixell Bonsor, North Atlantic Seaway; An Illustrated History of the Passenger Services Linking the Old World with the New (2nd ed.; Jersey, Channel Islands: Brookside Publications), vol. 2 (1978), p. 570]. Pictured in Michael J. Anuta, Ships of Our Ancestors (Menominee, MI: Ships of Our Ancestors, 1983), p. 109, courtesy of the Peabody Essex Museum, East India Square, Salem, MA 01970. For additional information and pictures, see: 1.Arnold Kludas, Die Seeschiffe des Norddeutschen Lloyd, Bd. 1: 1857 bis 1919 (Herford: Koehler, c1991). 2.Edwin Drechsel, Norddeutscher Lloyd Bremen, 1857-1970; History, Fleet, Ship Mails (2 vols.; Vancouver: Cordillera Pub. Co., c1994- c1995). Posted to the Emigration-Ships Mailing List by Michael Palmer - 27 December 1997]

GEORGIA / see PICKHUBEN / HOUSATONIC 1892

GEORGIC 1931
The GEORGIC was the last liner built for the White Star Line before they became part of Cunard-White Star Line. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast, she was a near sister ship to the BRITANNIC. She was a 27,759 gross ton ship, overall length 712ft x beam 82.4ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 18 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 479-cabin, 557-tourist and 506-3rd class. Launched on 12th Nov.1931 she was the largest British motorship, and started her maiden voyage on 25th Jun.1932 when she left Liverpool for New York. She continued on this service except for two Southampton - Cherbourg - New York sailings in 1933, and in 1934 came under the ownership of the Cunard-White Star Line. On 3rd May 1936 she transferred to London - Southampton - New York sailings, starting her last voyage on this route on 17th Aug.1939. She subsequently made five Liverpool - New York voyages and in April 1940 went to the Clyde for conversion to a troopship. She assisted in the evacuation of troops from Norway, followed by further evacuations from St Nazaire and Brest and then made trooping voyages to Iceland and Halifax. She then made voyages to the Middle East via the Cape and then several between the UK and Bermuda, New York and Halifax. In July 1941 she was bombed and badly damaged by fire at Port Tewfik, Suez. She was beached, later refloated and towed to Port Sudan by the cargo ships CITY OF SYDNEY and CLAN CAMPBELL. After temporary repairs she was towed to Karachi, where she received more repairs and sailed for Bombay under her own power. Here she was drydocked and eventually sailed for the UK on 20th Jan.1943. Rebuilt as a troopship under the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport by Harland & Wolff, she was transformed into what was probably the best fitted troopship in the world. It was at this time that one of her funnels was removed. For the next three years she was engaged in trooping duties to Italy, the Middle East and India. In Sept.1948 she was again altered to an emigrant ship at Palmers, Hebburn with accommodation for 1,962 passengers. She started sailings from Liverpool to Fremantle, Melbourne and Sydney in 1949 and made emigrant voyages until 1953 with some chartered sailings to New York for Cunard also during this period. After 1953 she made several Atlantic sailings to the US and Canada, and also made a trooping voyage to Japan in 1955. She transported the Australian 2 Battalion and ancillary units from Sydney to Penang in October1955. This voyage completed, she sailed to Saigon and transported The French Foreign Legion back to Marseille. 1956 scrapped at Faslane. Apart from her trooping years, she was painted in White Star Line colours and never wore Cunard livery. [Steamers of the Past by J.H.Isherwood, Sea Breezes Magazine, July 1973][North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.770]

GERA / VALPARAISO 1890
The GERA was a 5,005 gross ton ship, length 415ft x beam 48ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 49-1st, 38-2nd and 1,901-3rd class passengers. Built by Fairfield Co, Glasgow, she was launched on 8th Nov.1890 for North German Lloyd of Bremen. Her maiden voyage from Bremen to Baltimore started on 2nd Apr.1891, and on 24th Jun.1891 she started her first Bremen - South America voyage. On 28th Jul.1892 she commenced her first sailing between Bremen, New York and Baltimore and on 19th Jul.1893 started her first Bremen - Suez - Far East run. Her first Bremen - Suez - Australia voyage started on 22nd Nov.1893 and on 25th Mar.1903 she commenced the first of three Genoa - Naples - New York sailings. 10th Dec.1903 saw her start the first of five Hamburg - Far East voyages and on 1st Apr.1905 she commenced her last Bremen - Baltimore voyage. Her 18th and last Bremen - Australia voyage started on 8th Aug.1906 and on 15th Dec.1906 she resumed Bremen - South America sailings. Her final Bremen - New York sailing started on 12th Apr.1907 (22 round voyages on the North Atlantic) and her last Bremen - South America voyage started 7th Sep.1907. Sold to the Italian owned company, Lloyd del Pacifico in 1908, she was renamed VALPARAISO and on 14th Oct.1917 was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Libya. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.555]

GERGOVIA 1883
The GERGOVIA was a 2024 gross ton ship, length 280.1ft x beam 36.7ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 1st class and 950-3rd class passengers. Built by Scott & Co, Greenock (engines by Greenock Foundry Co), she was launched for the Fabre Line, Marseilles on 17th Dec.1883. On 14th Mar.1886 she started her first voyage from Marseilles to Naples, Valencia and New York and made two round voyages on that route in 1886. She then made one in 1887, one in 1888, two in 1891, one in 1892, one in 1893, two in 1894, one in 1896 and two in 1901. On 18th Oct.1902 she started her last round voyage between Marseilles and Almeria, Malaga and New York. She was scrapped in 1924. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1133]

GERMAN 1898 / GLENGORM CASTLE 1914
The GERMAN was a 6,763 gross ton passenger / cargo ship, length 440.3ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 76-1st, 105-2nd and 98-3rd class passengers.
Built 1898 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the Union SS Co., she collided with and sank Wilson Line's s/s CORSO the same year in the River Elbe. Shortly afterward, she collided with the sailing barque SAVERNAKE with minor damage. She arrived at Capetown from Southampton on her maiden voyage on 29th Jan.1899. 1900 came under the ownership of Union-Castle Mail SS Co. In 1914 she was converted into a hospital ship with 423 beds and because of anti-German sentiment was renamed GLENGORM CASTLE.. 1921 Among the last hospital ships to be decommissioned, but apart from one mail voyage to South Africa, she continued in Government service as a troopship.In 1925 she returned to intermediate service for Union-Castle Line and in 1930 was scrapped at Rotterdam.

GERMAN EMPIRE 1872
was a 714 gross ton ship, 209.5ft x 27.8ft, clipper bows, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sails). Built in 1872 by Denton Gray & Co, West Hartlepool for C.M.Webster & W.J.Young. 1876 purchased by the West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Co. 19th Jan.1902 wrecked on Spiekeroog while on passage from West Hartlepool to Hamburg. [The West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Co by B.G.Spaldin & H.S.Appleyard, published by the World Ship Society 1980] There is a photo of the ship in this booklet.

GERMANIA 1863
She was built for Hamburg America Line in 1863 by Caird & Co, Greenock and was a 2,123 gross ton ship, length 298.6ft x beam 39.4ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 80-1st, 120-2nd and 525-3rd class passengers. Launched on 6th Apr.1863, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Southampton and New York on 22nd Aug.1863. She continued on this service until her last voyage commenced on 14th Jul.1869 and on 7th Aug.1869 she was wrecked near Cape Race with no loss of life. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.389]

GERMANIA 1870
Built in 1870 by Caird & Co, Greenock for the Hamburg America Line, the GERMANIA was a 2,876 gross ton ship, length 330ft x beam 39ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts(rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 150-1st, 70-2nd and 150-3rd class passengers. Launched on 24/12/1870, for the New Orleans service, but made her maiden voyage from Hamburg to New York on 4/5/1871. She commenced her fourth and last voyage on this service on 26/10/1872. She was chartered to the Hamburg South America Line in 1876 and was wrecked at Bahia, Brazil on 10/8/1876. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.390]

GERMANIA / BRITANNIA 1902
The GERMANIA was built in 1902 by Chantiers & Ateliers de Provence, Port de Bouc, France for the Fabre Line of Marseilles. Her details were 4,898 gross tons, length 410.1ft x beam 46.4ft, two funnels, two masts, single screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 54-1st and 1,400-3rd class passengers. Launched on 2/8/1902, she sailed from Marseilles on her maiden voyage to Naples and New York on 19/3/1903. In 1912 accommodation for 60-2nd class passengers was added and on 28/7/1914 she commenced her last voyage from Marseilles to Valencia, Almeria, Lisbon and new York. She was then renamed BRITANNIA, no doubt due to the strong anti-German attitude after the outbreak of the Great War. On 6/10/1914 she commenced her first voyage under her new name, from Marseilles to Almeria,  Lisbon and New York and made her last voyage, Marseilles - New York - Marseilles in January 1926. In Oct.1927 she was scrapped at La Seyne. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1134]

GERMANIC / OTTAWA / GUL DJEMAL / GULCEMAL 1874
The GERMANIC was a 5,008 gross ton ship, built for the White Star Line in 1874 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast (engines by Maudslay, Sons & Field, London). Her details were length 455ft x beam 45.2ft, two funnels, four masts (rigged for sails), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 220-1st and 1,500-3rd class. Launched on 15th Jul.1874, she sailed from Liverpool on 20th May 1875 on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. In July 1875 and Apr.1877 she made record passages between Queenstown and New York and in Feb.1876 between New York and Queenstown. She was rebuilt to 5,066 tons in 1895, had an extra deck added, triple expansion engines fitted by Harland & Wolff and her funnels lengthened. On 13th Feb.1899 she capsized at her berth in New York due to the weight of snow and ice which had accumulated on her upperworks during a particularly severe voyage. She was salvaged and resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings on 7th Jun.1899. Her last voyage on this service started 23rd Sep.1903 and she was chartered to the American Line and commenced Southampton - Cherbourg - New York sailings on 23rd Apr.1904. Her sixth and last voyage on this service started 2nd Oct.1904 and in 1905 she was sold to the Dominion Line and renamed OTTAWA. Refitted to carry 250-2nd and 1,500-3rd class passengers she commenced Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal voyages on 27th Apr.1905. Her last voyage on this route started on 2nd Sep.1909 and on 15th March 1911 she sailed from Liverpool for Constantinople. Renamed GUL DJEMAL for Turkish owners, she was torpedoed and sunk by the British submarine E.14 in the Sea of Marmora on 3rd May 1915. She was later salvaged and commenced her first Constantinople - New York voyage on 6th Oct.1920. Her fourth and last voyage on this service commenced 21st Oct.1921, and in 1928 her name was amended to GULCEMAL. She was finally scrapped in 1950 at Messina. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.757-8]

GERTY / CITY OF CANDIA 1903
The GERTY was a 4,212 gross tons ship, length 346ft x beam 45ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 30-1st and 1,400-3rd class passengers. Built by J. Redhead & Sons, South Shields, she was launched on 27th Apr.1903 for the Austrian company Unione Austriaca, Trieste. Her maiden voyage started on 9th Jun.1904 when she sailed from Trieste for Messina, Naples, Palermo and New York. Her 20th and last passenger voyage started 10th Dec.1907 from Venice for Trieste, Patras, Palermo and New York and she was subsequently used for cargo only. In 1919 when Trieste came under Italian rule the company became Cosulich Line and in 1928 the ship was sold to Anglo Maritime and renamed CITY OF CANDIA. 1929 scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway. vol.3,p.1329 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

GIAVA 1881
2713 gross tons, length 334ft x beam 36.2ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 1st, 2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Launched by A. Leslie & Co, Hebburn-on-Tyne in Sep.1881 for Navigazione Generale Italiana, Italy, she started her first Genoa - Montevideo - Valparaiso voyage in Dec.1885 and on 18th Feb.1890 started her first Genoa - Palermo - Catania - Naples - New York sailing. Her eighth and last New York voyage started on 20th May 1893. 1910 sold to Soc. Nazionale di Servizi Marittimi. 1913 sold to Marittimi Italiana. 27th Feb.1916 sank on voyage Syracuse to Alexandria. [North Atlantic Seaway vol.3,p.1113]

GIULIA 1904
4,337 gross tons, length 346.1ft x beam 45.0ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 30-1st, 30-2nd and 1,400-3rd class passengers. Launched on 16th May 1904 by Russell & Co., Port Glasgow (engines by J. D. Kincaid & Co., Greenock) for Unione Austriaca, Trieste, she started her maiden voyage on 11th Jul.1904 when she left Trieste for Messina, Naples, Palermo and New York. She started her 21st and last passenger voyage from Trieste to Patras and New York on 9th Nov.1908 and was subsequently used as a cargo ship. On 3rd May 1918 she was damaged by a mine in the Adriatic, but salvaged and repaired. 1919 transferred from the Austrian to the Italian flag under the ownership of Cosulich. 22nd Mar.1923 abandoned in the North Atlantic. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3, p.1329 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

GIULIO CESARE 1949
The GIULIO CESARE was a 27,078 gross ton ship, built by Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Monfalcone (engines by Societa Anonima Fiat, Turin) in 1949 for the Italia Line. Her details were - length overall 618.3ft x beam 87.5ft, one funnel, two masts, cruiser stern, twin screw and a service speed of 21 knots. There was accommodation for 178-1st, 288-cabin and 714-tourist class passengers. Launched on 18th May 1950, she sailed from Genoa on her maiden voyage to Naples and South America on 27th October 1951. She continued the S.America service until 29th June 1956 when she transferred to Genoa - Cannes - Naples - New York sailings.  She made 32 round voyages on the North Atlantic route, the last starting on 4th June 1960, and then reverted to the S.America run. In 1964 she was refitted to carry 180-1st and 1,000-tourist class passengers and on 14th January 1973 arrived at Naples from S.America with rudder trouble. She was then laid up until 20th April 1973 when she sailed from Naples for Spezia, where she was scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.4, p.1619-20]

GIUSEPPE VERDI / YAMATO MARU 1914
Built by Societa Esercizio Baccini, Riva Trigoso in 1914 for Transatlantica Italiana. Her details were - 9,757 gross tons, overall length 505.1ft x beam 59.6ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was capacity for 100-1st, 260-2nd and 1,825-3rd class passengers. Launched on 2/8/1915 she sailed from Genoa on her maiden voyage to Naples, Palermo and New York on 4/11/1915. She started her last voyage on 9/11/1927 when she left Genoa for Naples, Palermo, Lisbon, New York(dep.6/12/1927), Boston, Lisbon, Naples and Genoa. In 1928 she went to Japanese owners and was renamed YAMATO MARU. Her funnels were reduced to one in 1940 and on 13/9/1943 she was torpedoed and sunk by a US submarine near the Philippine Islands. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1452]

GLASGOW 1851
The GLASGOW was a 1,962 gross ton ship, length 262ft x beam 36ft, clipper bows, one funnel, four masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Accommodation for 60-1st and 100-2nd class passengers. Built by Tod & McGregor, Glasgow, she was launched on 16th Aug.1851 for the Glasgow & New York Steamship Co. Her maiden voyage from Glasgow to New York started on 16th Sep.1851 and in 1853, accommodation for 700-3rd class passengers was added. Her last New York - Glasgow crossing started 20th Jan.1855 before she was chartered to France for use as a Crimean War transport. She resumed Glasgow - New York sailings on 22nd Jul.1856 and commenced her last voyage on this service on 14th Sep.1859. Purchased by the Inman Line, she made one further Glasgow - New York voyage, starting on 14th Dec.1859 and transferred to Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings on 22nd Feb.1860. Her final voyage on this route started 7th Jul.1865 and on 31st July, while homeward bound with a cargo of cotton, her cargo was found to be on fire. Passengers, crew and baggage were transferred to the barque ROSAMOND and the GLASGOW abandoned. Later transferred to the National liner ERIN, they were landed at New York 3 days later.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1]

GLENAVY / LAGARTO 1917
5,075 gross tons, 3,208 nett tons, built 1917 by Harland & Wolff, Glasgow for Glen Line Ltd. 13th Jun.1923 sold to Pacific Steam Nav. Co., 23rd Jun.1923 renamed LAGARTO. Dec.1947 laid up at Birkenhead with engine trouble and subsequently scrapped at Troon [Glen and Shire Lines by Cooper, Harvey & Laxon]

GLENGOIL 1882
Built in 1882 for the Victoria Line, managed by John Potter & Co, London and approx 2,500 gross tons. She was basically a cargo ship, but had accommodation for a few saloon and, on occasion carried 3rd class passengers. The latter occupied space in temporary quarters in the cargo 'tween decks. The service was generally between London, Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney, with occasional calls at Fremantle, Launceston and Hobart and continued until early 1886 after which John Potter withdrew from shipowning. The ship was transferred to Lindsay, Gracie & Co, Newcastle who used it for general trading. [North Star to Southern Cross by J. Maber]

GLENGORM CASTLE 1914 see GERMAN 1898

GLOUCESTER CASTLE 1911
The GLOUCESTER CASTLE was a 7,989 gross ton ship built by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Glasgow in 1911 for the Union Castle Mail Steamship Co. She had one funnel, two masts and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 400 passengers. Used on the London - South and East Africa Intermediate service. Taken over in 1914 and used as a hospital ship, she was torpedoed on 31st Mar.1915, but towed to Southampton and repaired. In 1919 she went back to the East Africa service and in 1922 transferred to the round-Africa service in which two ships sailed out via Suez and home via the Cape, and two sailed in the reverse direction. In 1926 she changed to the West coast intermediate service. Posted missing in July 1942, it was not until the end of the war that it was known that she had been sunk on 16th July at approx. 08.00S 01.00E by the German surface raider MICHEL. [The Cape Run by W.H.Mitchell and L.A.Sawyer]

GNEISENAU / CITTA DI GENOVA 1903
The GNEISENAU was built in 1903 by AG Vulcan, Stettin for North German Lloyd of Bremen. She was a 8,081 gross ton ship, length 453.9ft x beam 55.7ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 124-1st, 116-2nd and 1,862-3rd class. Launched on 1st April 1903, she started her maiden voyage on 2nd September 1903 when she left Bremen for Australia via Suez.  On 6th July 1904, she started her first Bremen - Suez - Far East voyage and made seven round voyages on this service. Her first Bremen - New York sailing commenced 18th March 1905 and her tenth and last on this route started 3rd April 1909.  She sailed on her 17th and last Bremen - Australia voyage on 29th July 1914 and in October 1914 was scuttled to obstruct the fairway of the River Scheldt. In May 1917 she was raised by the Germans and docked at Antwerp, seized by Belgium in November 1918 and sold to Italy on 20th June 1919. Rebuilt at Antwerp as the CITTA DI GENOVA for Italian owners, she sailed between Genoa, Fremantle, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane until broken up in 1930 at Naples. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.2, p.567] - [North Star to Southern Cross by John M.Maber] - Posted to The ShipsList by Ted Finch - 26 July 1998]

GOALPARA 1883
2,112 gross tons, length 285ft x beam 36.2ft, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), single screw, speed 10 knots. Built 1883 by A & J. Inglis, Glasgow for British India Steam Navigation's Queensland Royal Mail Service. On 5th Nov.1883 she left London for Suez - Batavia - Brisbane but made only one voyage on this route. In 1884 she transferred to Nagapatam - Straits Settlements mail service and was operated by the subsidiary Netherlands India S.N. Co. From 1902 she served on the Persian Gulf slow mail service between Karachi and Basra. 1912 sold to E. Enomoto, Japan renamed SENZAN MARU, based at Dairen. 21st Jan.1914 left Dairen for Vladivostok and went missing. [North Star to Southern Cross by John Maber] [Merchant Fleets, vol.11 by Duncan Haws]

GODAFOSS 1921
1542 gross tons, length 230ft x beam 34.6ft, single screw, speed 12 knots. Built 1921 by Svendborg Skibs. & Msk., Svendborg for H/f Eimskipafelag Islands, Reykjavik, Iceland (Iceland Steamship Co). Used on the Reykjavik - Copenhagen - Leith service. 10th Nov.1944 torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U.300 at 64.08N 22.45W while on voyage Loch Ewe to Reykjavik.

GOLCONDA 1863
1,909 gross tons, length 314.4ft x beam 38.2ft (95,83m x 11,66m), one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Built by the Thames Iron Shipbuilding Co, Blackwall, London (engines by Humphreys & Tennant, Deptford, London), she was launched for the Peninsula & Oriental Steam Navigation Co on 29th Aug.1863. Her maiden voyage started on 23rd Jan.1864 when she sailed from Southampton for Calcutta. In 1865 she had an engine breakdown between Suez and Galle (Ceylon) and was towed back to Suez by the P&O ship ANSARI. Fitted with new compound engines in 1874, she was eventually sold at Bombay on 17th May 1881 to B. Mohamed Habdue Rayman for 5,311 pounds. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.1, P&O Line]

GOLDEN AGE 1853 / HIROSHIMA MARU 1875
GOLDEN AGE 1853 2,864 gross ton wooden paddle steamer, one funnel, two masts, there was accommodation for 200-1st, 200-2nd and 800-3rd class passengers.. Laid down in 1852 by Wm. H. Brown, New York as the ADRIATIC for the Collins Line, but purchased by the newly formed New York & Australian Navigation Co. and completed as the GOLDEN AGE. Her maiden voyage was from New York 30th Sep. 1853 for Liverpool where passengers for Cape of Good Hope, Melbourne, and Sydney were embarked on 28th Nov. 1853 and she arrived in Sydney on 23rd Feb. 1854. After several voyages on the Australian coast, she left Melbourne on 5th May 1854 with 100 passengers and called at Sydney where she took on more passengers and sailed 12th May, Tahiti for coal and Panama which she reached on 17th June. The high cost of coal at Tahiti meant that this experimental service was too expensive to operate. The ship was sold to Pacific Mail SS Co. and used on the Yokohama - Kobe - Nagasaki - Shanghai connecting service. She was sold in 1875 to Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Tokyo and renamed HIROSHIMA MARU. 1885 transferred to Nippon Yusen Kaisha, 1890 scrapped Yokohama.

GOLDEN GATE 1850
Wooden side wheel steamer, 3 decks, 3 masts, round stern, round tuck, spread eagle head, 2,067 tons, length 296.5ft x beam 40ft x depth 22ft, mean draft 10.2ft, two oscillating engines built by the Novelty Iron Works, diameter of cylinders 7.1ft, length of stroke 9ft, diameter of paddle wheels 32ft, 640 h.p., cost $482,844. Built by William H, Webb, New York for the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. Keel laid July 1st 1850, launched Jan.31st 1851. Entered the San Francisco - Panama service in Nov.1851. Her passage from Panama to San Francisco of 11 days, 4 hours stood as a record until 1855. She remained in this service for Pacific Mail until she burned at sea and was beached on the coast a short distance from Manzanillo, Mexico on July 27th 1862 with the loss of 223 lives and $1,400,000 in treasure. [The Panama Route 1848-1869 by J. H. Kemble]
There are further details and picture at http://www.geocities.com/mppraetorius/com-go.htm

GOORKHA 1897
6,287 gross tons, length 430ft x beam 52.2ft, one funnel, three masts, twin screw, speed 12.5 knots, accommodation for 55-1st, 70-2nd and 70-3rd class passengers. Built 1897 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the Union Steamship Co's Intermediate service to South Africa, she transferred to Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co on their formation in 1900. 1910 transferred to the East African service. 1914 Commissioned for use as a 408 bed hospital ship. Oct.10th 1917 mined off Malta while carrying 362 patients plus medical staff. The ship was evacuated without loss of life and towed to Malta where she was repaired. Decommissioned on 18th Oct, she was returned to her owners and reverted to her Intermediate service role. She was scrapped in 1926.                 Picture at http://fp.redduster.f9.co.uk/UNION9.htm

GOTH / COBEQUID 1893
The GOTH was a 4,745 gross ton ship, built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast in 1893 for the Union Line's South Africa service. Her dimensions were - length 400ft x beam 47ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 50-1st, 60-2nd and 60-3rd class passengers, but 'tween deck conversion could give further open accommodation for 500 emigrants. She sailed between Southampton and Capetown until the company amalgamated with the Castle Line in 1900 to become Union Castle Mail SS Co. and the GOTH then switched to sailings from the East India Dock, London. Sold to Royal Mail Steam Packet Co in 1913, she was renamed COBEQUID and placed on the Canada - West Indies service in Nov.1914. On the inward leg of her first voyage on this service, she was wrecked on Trinity Ledge, Bay of Fundy on 13th Jan.1915. [The Cape Run by W.H.Mitchell & L.A.Sawyer][Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws,vol.5, Royal Mail and Nelson Line]

GOTHIA / JACATRA / LIPSOS / ANNA STROWIG / RUDOLF / MAGUYLA 1884
The "Gothia" was built by Raylton, Dixon & Co, Middlesborough in 1884 as the "Jacatra" for the Insulinde SS Co, Amsterdam. She was a 2,381 gross ton ship, length 314.5ft x beam38.1ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 20-1st and 550-3rd class passengers. Launched on 13/3/1884, she was purchased by Hamburg America Line on 30/6/1886 and renamed "Gothia". She commenced sailing from Stettin to Gothenburg and New York on 2/8/1886 and made 15 round voyages on this service, the last one commencing 1/1/1889. On 26/2/1891 she transferred to the Hamburg - New York service and commenced her last voyage on this route on 7/4/1892. She transferred to the Stettin - Helsingborg - Gothenburg - Christiansand - New York route on 23/7/1892 until her last voyage with this company started in July 1894.(7 round voyages). In 1898 she was sold to the Deutsche Levant Line and renamed "Lipsos". In 1913 she went to Wm Eisenach of Stettin who renamed her "Anna Strowig" and in 1914, went to other German owners and was named "Rudolf". Ceded to France in 1919 as war reparations, she went to Lalande Lofebrie & Cie in 1922 and was renamed "Maguyla". She was scrapped in 1923.

GOTHIC / GOTHLAND 1893
The GOTHLAND was a 7,755 gross ton ship, built in 1893 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast as the GOTHIC for the White Star Line's New Zealand service. Her details were - length 490.7ft x beam 53.2ft (149,55m x 16,21m), one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. Launched on 28th Jun.1893 with accommodation for 104-1st and 114-3rd class passengers and with refrigerated cargo space, she sailed on her maiden voyage from London to Capetown and Wellington on 28th Dec.1893. In June 1906, she was damaged when her wool cargo caught fire and was beached and flooded at Plymouth. Converted to an emigrant carrier with third class accommodation for 1,800 passengers, all in four berth cabins, she was purchased by the Red Star Line, registered under the Belgian flag and renamed GOTHLAND in 1908. She commenced her first Antwerp - New York voyage on 11th Jul.1908, made a single round voyage between Hamburg, Antwerp, Quebec and Montreal on 6th May 1911 and started her last Antwerp - New York sailing on 24th Jun.1911. Between 1911-1913 she resumed the name of GOTHIC and sailed on the UK - Australia/New Zealand service for the White Star Line. She went back to the name GOTHLAND and returned to the Antwerp - New York route for Red Star Line on 23rd Apr.1913. On 23rd Jun.1914 she stranded on the Gunnar Rocks, Scilly Isles, was towed off after three days and was repaired at Southampton. On the 20th Apr.1916 she commenced the first of three or more voyages between New York, Falmouth and Rotterdam for the Belgian Relief Commission and returned to Antwerp - New York voyages with cargo only on 6th May 1919. She resumed passenger voyages on 7th Aug.1920 and commenced her last voyage between Antwerp and Philadelphia in March 1925. Sold in Nov.1925 and scrapped at Bo'ness the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.858]

GOTHIC 1947
was a 15,902 gross ton ship, 561ft x 72.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots. Accommodation for 85-1st class passengers and refrigerated cargo space. Launched on 12th Dec.1947 by Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Newcastle for Shaw Savill & Albion Line. 23rd Dec.1948 maiden voyage Liverpool - Sydney and then placed on the London service. March 1951 detailed for use as Royal Yacht for visit of King George VI to Australia and New Zealand and converted by Cammel Laird. Oct.10th because of the King's poor health it was decided that his place would be taken by Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh. 15th Dec. the refit was completed and she left for Mombasa on 12th Jan.1952 to embark the royal couple on completion of thei trip to Africa. The death of the King forced the cancellation of the cruise. In Aug.1953 she was again refitted for the postponed royal visit and left London on 10th Nov.for Jamaica where the Queen was to embark. 28th Apr.1954 the royal party disembarked at Aden and the GOTHIC proceeded to Malta where the fittings and furnishings were transferred to the new royal yacht BRITANNIA. GOTHIC then returned to London and resumed Shaw Savill service in Sep.1954. 2nd Aug.1968 en route Bluff - UK and 300 miles east of New Zealand, the bridge caught fire and the four passengers (all SSA staff going home on leave) and three crew were killed. She arrived back in Wellington on 6th Aug and arrived Liverpool on 10th Oct. She made one final voyage in May 1969 and then proceeded to Kaohsiang, Taiwan where she was scrapped. For her delivery voyage to Taiwan she was transferred to the Cairn Line. [Merchant Fleets, vol.10 by Duncan Haws]

GOTTARDO / MEMFI 1883
The GOTTARDO was a 2,837 gross ton ship, built in 1883 by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for the Italian company, Navigazione Generale Italiana. Her details were - length 350ft x beam 40ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Launched on 18/9/1883, she sailed from Palermo on her maiden voyage to New York on 7/1/1884. On 30/7/1887 she started her last Palermo - Naples - New York crossing (14  round voyages) and in the same year was transferred to the South America service. In 1903 she was renamed MEMFI, her masts reduced to two and she was transferred to the Italy - Alexandria service. Between 1910 and 1925 she was owned by several Italian companies and on 2/2/1927 stranded on the coast of Sardinia, was refloated and scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1112]

GRAF WALDERSEE 1898
The GRAF WALDERSEE was built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1898 for the Hamburg America Line and was one of four sister ships. This was a 12,830 gross ton ship, length 561.2ft x beam 62.2ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 162-1st, 184-2nd and 2,200-3rd class. Laid down as the PAVIA she was actually launched on 10/12/1898 as the GRAF WALDERSEE and commenced her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Boulogne and New York on 2/4/1899. In Autumn 1910 she was rebuilt to 13,193 gross tons and with accommodation for 408-2nd and 2,310-3rd class passengers. She started her first Hamburg - Philadelphia crossing on 28/10/1910 and her last Hamburg - New York - Hamburg voyage started on 27/6/1914. On 23/3/1919 she was surrendered to the US government under the war reparations scheme and was used to repatriate American troops from Europe and later as a naval transport. In 1920 she was ceded to Britain and managed by P&O Line until 1922 when she was sold to Kohlbrand Werft, Hamburg and broken up. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.405] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

GRAMPIAN 1907
The GRAMPIAN was built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow in 1907 for the Allan Line. She was a 10,187 gross ton ship, length 485.7ft x beam 60.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 210-1st, 250-2nd and 1,000-3rd class. Launched on 25th July 1907, she sailed from Glasgow on her maiden voyage to Quebec - Montreal on 21st September 1907. In May 1908 she made her first voyage between Glasgow, Quebec and Montreal and on 26/11/1908 started her first Liverpool - St John, NB voyage, and made further Liverpool departures during the winter seasons. In 1910 she was rebuilt to 10,947 tons and on 29/11/1912 was chartered to Canadian Pacific and made a single round voyage between Liverpool, Halifax and St John NB. On 15/8/1914 she commenced her last Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal voyage and on 11/9/1914 was again charterd to Canadian Pacific and sailed from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal. On the eastbound voyage she was used as a troop transport to carry part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to Europe. In December 1914 she resumed Canadian Pacific voyages between Liverpool and St John NB, and made the last of four round voyages when she left St John NB on 17/4/1915 for Liverpool. In May 1915 she resumed Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal voyages for the Allan Line. In 1917 she was taken over, together with the rest of the Allan Line fleet, by Canadian Pacific and commenced her first voyage after the Armistice on 15/12/1918 when she left Liverpool for St John NB. She subsequently sailed between Glasgow, Liverpool, London or Antwerp and Canada and started her final voyage on 15/12/1920 when she sailed from London for Antwerp and St John NB. On 14/3/1921 she was gutted by fire while being refitted at Antwerp, was abandoned to the insurance underwriters, and in 1925 was scrapped at Hendrik Ido, Ambacht. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.323-4]

GRANTULLY CASTLE / AUGUSTINE 1880
This was the GRANTULLY CASTLE belonging to Donald Currie's Castle Line. She was a 3,454 gross ton ship built in 1880 with accommodation for 120-1st, 100-2nd and 160-3rd class passengers. The Castle Line sailed from London to South Africa and in 1900 merged with the Union SS Co to form Union-Castle Mail SS Co. She was sold to the Booth Line in 1896, renamed AUGUSTINE and used on their UK - Amazon service until scrapped in 1912. [The Cape Run by W.H.Mitchell & L.A.Sawyer]

GREAT BRITAIN 1843
3,270 gross tons, clipper bows, one funnel, six masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 9 knots, accomodation for 360-1st class passengers. Built in 1843 for the Great Western SS Co., Bristol, she started her maiden voyage Liverpool - New York on 26th Jul.1845. In 1846 she was fitted with a new propeller and her masts reduced to five. On 9th May 1846 she started her first Liverpool - New York voyage after alterations and on her fifth voyage grounded in Dundrum Bay, County Down. Salvaged in Aug.1847 and towed to Liverpool where she was sold to Gibbs, Bright & Co in 1850, reconditioned and re-engined with two funnels, four masts and accommodation for 50-1st and 680-3rd class passengers. On 1st May 1852 she started a single round voyage between Liverpool and New York and on 18th Aug.1852 transferred to the Liverpool - Australia service (details & pictures). She made another New York voyage starting on 28th Jul.1858 before returning to the Australia route. Feb.1876 laid up at Birkenhead on the conclusion of her 32nd Australia voyage and in 1882 was sold. Her engines were removed and she was converted to a three masted full rigged sailing ship. In 1886 she became a wool and coal hulk in the Falkland Islands and in 1937 was beached at Sparrow Cove. 1970 refloated, placed on a floating pontoon and towed to Bristol where she was reconditioned and is now an exhibition ship. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.1, p.66 by N. R. P. Bonsor] For pictures and further details, see http://www.ss-great-britain.com/

GREAT EASTERN 1858
The GREAT EASTERN was a 18,915 gross ton ship, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and built by Scott Russell & Co.Ltd, London (screw engines by James Watt & Co.Ltd, Birmingham). Her dimensions were length 679.6ft x beam 82.8ft, five funnels, six masts, iron construction, paddle and screw propulsion and a speed of 12 knots. She was originally laid down on 1/5/1854 as the LEVIATHAN and there was an unsuccessful attempt at launching her on 3/11/1857 when she refused to move and eventually launched herself during a spring tide and strong winds on 31/1/1858. She was then named GREAT EASTERN. On 16/6/1860 she left Southampton on her maiden voyage to New York which took her 11 days 13 hours 15 minutes. She commenced her ....
Voyage 2 from Milford Haven to New York on 1/5/1861 which took her 9 days 13 hours 20 minutes.
Voyage 3  27/6/1861 Liverpool - Quebec 8d 6h.   10/9/1861 Left  Liverpool but put back in disabled condition.
Voyage 4  7/5/1862  Milford Haven - New York 10d 3h.
Voyage 5  1/7/1862  Liverpool - New York 10d 3h.
Voyage 6  17/8/1862 Liverpool - New York 11d 3h.
On 27/8/1862 she struck an uncharted rock off Montauk necessitating extensive repairs. On 6/1/1863 she sailed from New York for Liverpool.
Voyage 7  16/5/1863  Liverpool - New York 11d.
Voyage 8  30/6/1863  Liverpool - Queenstown [Cobh] - New York 11d 11h 30m.[Queenstown - Long Island Sound] Voyage 9  12/8/1863  Liverpool - Queenstown - New York 11d [   "  "  "   ]

In 1864 she was sold to Daniel Gooch & colleagues and in July of that year proceeded from Liverpool to Sheerness where 10 boilers and one funnel were removed to make way for cable tanks. Between 1865-66 she was employed laying transatlantic cable. In 1867 she was refitted by G.Forrester & Co, Liverpool and steam steering gear fitted and on 26/3/1867 commenced her 10th voyage from Liverpool to New York for Societe des Affreteurs du GREAT EASTERN. On 16/4/1867 she left New York for Brest for the same company. In 1869 she laid cable from Brest to St Pierre-Miquelon, Newfoundland and in 1870 laid cable from Bombay to Aden. She was later laid up at Milford Haven until becoming an exhibition ship at Liverpool [1886], Dublin and Greenock [1887]. She was then sold and on 22/8/1888 sailed from the Clyde to Birkenhead where she was scrapped.

GREAT NORTHERN 1915
8,255 g.t., 509.5ft x 63.1ft, triple screw, 23 knot passenger ship built 1915 as GREAT NORTHERN by W. Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia for Great Northern Pacific SS Co., Astoria, Ore. Used on the Astoria - San Francisco coastal service. Sep.1917 became a U.S. Military transport. 1921 renamed COLUMBIA, 1922 owners became the U.S. Shipping Board. 1922 renamed H. F. ALEXANDER for the Admiral Line (Pacific SS Co.), Tacoma / Seattle. Seattle - San Francisco coastal service. 1926 transferred to New York - Florida route. 1942 transferred to Ministry of War Transport, London (managed by Canadian Pacific SS Co.), 1942 returned to USA renamed GEORGE S. SIMONDS for U. S. Army. 1946 reverted to H. F. ALEXANDER for U.S. Maritime Commission. 1948 scrapped at Baltimore.

GREAT TASMANIA 1855
was a 1,964 ton wooden ship, length 203ft x beam 42.3ft, built in 1855 by D. McKay, Boston, Mass for the Black Ball Line. She was not used consistently on the Liverpool - Melbourne service but was sometimes routed to Hobart and Sydney and in 1860 sailed to Melbourne and Hobart.On the last occasion, she made the passage from Liverpool in 102 days. Between voyages to Australia, she sailed for India. In 1859 her India voyage was notorious on account of the deaths of 60 soldiers she was transporting to England. The troops who had been involved in crushing the Indian Mutiny were transported home with insufficient food, hammocks or clothing and epidemics of cholera and dysentery broke out on board, but the blame lay with the government's poor food supplies, rather than with the company. In Oct.1864 she was condemned at Calcutta as unseaworthy and her end is unknown.[The Passage Makers by Michael K. Stammers]

GREAT WESTERN 1837
The GREAT WESTERN was built by William Patterson, Bristol (engines by Maudslay, Sons & Field, London) in 1837 for the Great Western Steamship Co. She was designed by the famous Isambard Kingdom Brunel and was a 1,340 ton ship, length 212ft x beam 35.3ft, clipper stem, one funnel, four masts (rigged for sail), wooden construction, paddle wheel propulsion and a speed of 9 knots. There was accommodation for 128 passengers aft and 20 passengers forward. Launched on 19/7/1837, she was the first steamer built specifically for the North Atlantic. She sailed from Bristol on 8/4/1838 on her maiden voyage to New York (arr 23/4, dep 8/5) and Bristol (arr 22/5). Between 1839 - 1840 her tonnage was increased to 1,700 tons and on 2/4/1842 she commenced her first voyage Bristol - New York - Liverpool. On 21/5/1842 commenced her first Liverpool - New York - Bristol run and on 11/2/1843 sailed on her last Bristol - New York - Liverpool voyage. Subsequently she sailed between Liverpool - New York - Liverpool until her last voyage commenced 1/11/1846 when she sailed from Liverpool to New York (arr 16/11, dep 26/11) and Liverpool (arr 12/12). She made a total of 45 round voyages. She was then laid up at Bristol until, on 24/4/1847 she was sold to Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. In 1855 she was used as a transport ship for the Crimean War and in Oct.1856 was sold and scrapped at Vauxhall, London. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.66]

GREAT WESTERN 1872
The GREAT WESTERN was built by Wm Pile & Co, Sunderland (engines by North Eastern Marine Co, Sunderland) in 1872 for the Great Western Steamship Line. She was a 1,541 gross ton ship, length 276ft x beam 32.8ft, single screw, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 24-1st class and 252-3rd class passengers. Launched on 7/3/1872, she sailed from Bristol on her maiden voyage to New York on 5/6/1872. She commenced her last voyage on this service on 14/9/1875 and on 30/11/1875 transferred to the Valencia - New York service. On her second Mediterranean - New York voyage, she was wrecked on Long Island on 25/3/1876, with no loss of life.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.783]

GRECIAN 1879
The Allan Line GRECIAN built by Wm Doxford & Sons, Sunderland in 1879. She was a 3,613 gross ton vessel, length 360.5 ft x beam 40.1ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 50-1st, 270-2nd and 500-3rd class passengers. Launched on 16/10/1879, she started her maiden voyage from Glasgow to Quebec and Montreal on 21/4/1880. On 4/12/1880 she was transferred to the Glasgow - S.America service and in 1882 was chartered as a troopship for the Egyptian Expedition. On 16/9/1886 she commenced her first London - Quebec - Montreal voyage and made two sailings on this route, and on 21/12/1890 started the first of two voyages on the London - New York service. On 10/3/1893 she was transferred to the Glasgow - New York run, starting her last voyage on 24/6/1898. On 25/1/1902 she left Liverpool on her final voyage for St John's NF and Halifax but on 9/2/1902 she was wrecked near Halifax with no loss of life.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.315]

GREECE / VIRGINIA 1863
The GREECE was built as a 2,876 gross ton ship, length 325ft x beam 41.3ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Accommodation for 100-1st and 750-3rd class passengers. Built by Palmer Bros & Co, Jarrow-on-Tyne, she was launched for Fernie Bros (Guion Line) on 18th Jun.1863 as the VIRGINIA. Her maiden voyage started on 4th Aug.1863 when she left Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. Her third and last sailing on this service started on 23rd Nov.1863 and she was then sold to the National Line of Liverpool. Her first voyage for these owners started 2nd Feb.1864 between Liverpool, Queenstown and New York and on 21st Jul.1870 she commenced the first of three London - New York sailings. Rebuilt in 1872 to 4,310 gross tons and lengthened to 390.7ft, she was fitted with compound engines by Laird Bros, Birkenhead and renamed GREECE. On 22nd Aug.1872 she resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings and commenced her last voyage on this route on 13th Aug.1874. She returned to the London - New York route on 1st Oct.1874 and commenced her final voyage on 16th Feb.1896. She was scrapped the same year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.610]

GRELROSA / EMPIRE GUINEVERE / SHUN TAI 1942 O.N.168718.
7,085 gross tons, length 432.2ft x beam 56.3ft, single screw. Built by Wm. Denny & Bros. Ltd, Dumbarton (Yard No.1358) and launched on 14th May 1942 as the EMPIRE GUINEVERE for the Ministry of War Transport. 1947 purchased by Cardigan Shipping Co. Ltd (W. T. Gould & Co., Ltd), Cardiff, renamed GRELROSA. 1960 sold to Kam Kee Navigation Co. (Jebshun & Co., Ltd, Hong Kong), renamed SHUN TAI. 1968 transferred to Chan Moo Chu (Somali flag), same managers. 11th Mar.1969 in collision with WORLD CARRIER while 3 miles south of Singapore and sank at position 01.12N 103.51E while on voyage Canton - Colombo with rice.{The Empire Ships by Mitchell & Sawyer]

GRIMSBY 1857
713 gross ton ship belonging to the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Co (later Great Central Railway Co). They ran passenger services between Hamburg and Grimsby where there were rail connections to Liverpool and London, where transatlantic liners could be boarded. Sold in 1888 she sank in 1897 while on passage Swansea-St.Malo. The company owned a second GRIMSBY built in 1888, but this was a ferry and was used on the New Holland, Lincolnshire - Grimsby service.

GRIPSHOLM / BERLIN 1924
The GRIPSHOLM was a 17,993 gross ton ship, length 574.6ft x beam 74.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 16 knots. Built with accommodation for 127-1st, 482-2nd and 948-3rd class passengers. Built by Sir W. G. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co, Walker-on-Tyne (engines by Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen), she was launched on 26th Nov.1924 for the Swedish American Line. Her maiden voyage from Gothenburg to New York started on 21st Nov.1925. Her passenger accommodation was altered several times - 1932 1st, tourist and 3rd class; 1936 182-cabin, 494-tourist and 902-3rd class. Her last Gothenburg - New York - Gothenburg voyage started 24th Nov.1939 and between 1940-1945 she made many voyages as a 'mercy ship' in the service of the International Red Cross, exchanging prisoners and wounded. On 31st Mar.1946 she sailed from New York for Havre, Oslo and Gothenburg and resumed Gothenburg - New York sailings in May 1946 with accommodation for 246-1st, 50-cabin and 760-tourist class passengers. Rebuilt in 1950 to 18,600 tons and with accommodation for 246-1st and 760-tourist class passengers, she started  her last Gothenburg - Halifax - New York voyage on 29th Dec.1953. Sold to the Bremen-Amerika Line in Jan.1954, she sailed between Bremen - Gothenburg - Halifax and New York. Renamed BERLIN in Jan.1955 she was used on the Bremen - New York service and in 1955 came under the ownership of North German Lloyd. Her last New York - Bremen crossing started on 3rd Sep.1966 and she was scrapped at Spezia the same year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1460] [Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.3]

GROOTE BEER / COSTA RICA VICTORY / MARIANNA IV 1944
The GROOTE BEER was a 9,140 gross ton ship, length overall 455.3ft x beam 62.1ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 828-single class passsengers. Built by Permanente Metals Corp., Richmond, Calif., she was launched on 17th Jun.1944 as the COSTA RICA VICTORY. In 1947 she was purchased by the Dutch government, came under the management of the Holland America Line and was renamed GROOTE BEER (GREAT BEAR) in 1952. On 18th Jun.1952 she started her first Rotterdam - Halifax - New York sailing and in Aug.1952 made her first Rotterdam - Quebec voyage. Her last Rotterdam - New York voyage took place in Aug.1965 and she made a total of 105 round voyages. Sold to Greek owners in 1965, she was chartered in 1966 to the Atlantic Educational Program for four round voyages between Rotterdam and New York, Holland America Line again acting as agents. Renamed MARIANNA IV in 1969, she was laid up at Piraeus and in 1971 was scrapped at Eleusis, Greece. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1688][The Atlantic Liners by Frederick Emmons]

GROSSER KURFURST / AEOLUS / CITY OF LOS ANGELES 1899
The GROSSER KURFURST was built by F.Schichau, Danzig in 1899 for North German Lloyd of Bremen. She was a 13,182 gross ton ship, length 560.6ft x beam 62.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 424-1st, 176-2nd and 1,211-3rd class passengers. Launched on 2/12/1899, she sailed from Bremen on her maiden voyage to Southampton and New York on 5/5/1900. On 7/11/1900 she started her first Bremen - Suez Canal - Australia voyage and made 9 round voyages on this service, the last starting 17/1/1912. She commenced her last Bremen - New York voyage on 11/7/1914 (arr 21/7/1914) and in April 1917 was seized by the US authorities in New York. Renamed AEOLUS she was used by the US Government until 1922 when she went to the Los Angeles SS Co and was renamed CITY OF LOS ANGELES. She was re-engined in 1924 and finally scrapped in Japan in February 1937. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.563]

GUADIANA 1874
2,504 gross tons, length 332ft x beam 36.4ft x depth 28.7ft (101.22m x 11.07m x 8.71m), iron hull, three decks, three masts, single screw, speed 12 knots. Built 1874 by London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Co., Glasgow for Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., London. She left Santos on 13th June and called at Rio de Janeiro to complete loading coffee and left there on 18th June. On 20th June 1885 at 0700 she struck Abrolhos rocks, Brazil on voyage Santos - Barbados - St. Thomas and New York. She carried 69 crew and 25 passengers none of whom were lost. The mails she carried were also saved. Her loss led to the ending of the company's New York - Buenos Aires service. ["McQueen's Legacy, Ships of the Royal Mail Line, vol.2" by Stuart Nicol ISBN 0-7524-2119-0.]

GUGLIELMO PEIRCE / SUEH / CORCOVADO / MARIA CHRISTINA / MOUZINHO 1907
The "Guglielmo Peirce" was built by Germania Werft (Krupp), Kiel in 1907 as the "Corcovado" for the Hamburg America Line. She was a 8,099 gross ton ship, length 448.3ft x beam 55.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 100-1st and 1,160-3rd class passengers. Launched on 21/12/1907 for the South American service, she started her first Hamburg - New York voyage on 19/10/1912. On 12/3/1914 she commenced her first Hamburg - Philadelphia crossing and on 15/4/1914 sailed on the New York - Mediterranean - Black Sea service. She started her first voyage from Odessa to Batum, Constantinople, Smyrna, Piraeus and New York on 20/5/1914 (3 round voyages on N.Atlantic). On 26/7/1914 she arrived at Odessa and became an accommodation ship at Constantinople. In 1915 she was transferred to Turkish ownership and was renamed "Sueh" and in 1919 was surrendered to France and went back to her original name of "Corcovado". In 1920 she went to Sicula Americana of Naples and was named "Guglielmo Peirce". She was used on the Naples - S.America service until she was transferred to the Naples - New York service on 9/12/1920. On 5/11/1923 she started her 14th and last crossing on this service and in 1926 was chartered to the Cosulich Line of Trieste. In 1927 she was sold to Lloyd Sabaudo of Genoa who renamed her "Maria Christina" and in 1930 was sold to Cia Colonial, Lisbon and renamed "Mouzinho". She was used on their Lisbon - Angola - Mozambique service and in June and August 1941 made two round voyages between Lisbon and New York. She was scrapped at Savona in 1954 [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.414] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

GUIDING STAR 1864
The GUIDING STAR was a 2,384 gross ton ship, length 300.5ft x beam 40.5ft, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), wooden hull, side paddle wheel propulsion and a speed of 12 knots. Built by Roosevelt, Joyce & Waterbury, New York she was launched for the New York Mail SS Co on 13th Aug.1864. Chartered to the New York & Havre Steam Navigation Co, New York, she started her first voyage from New York to Falmouth and Havre on 30th Mar.1867. Her third and last voyage from Havre to Falmouth and New York started on 21st Aug.1867. Chartered to Ruger's American Line, she commenced a single round voyage on 1st May 1869 between New York - Southampton - Bremen - Copenhagen. On 25th Aug.1870 she started a round voyage for North American SS Co from New York to Havre, Antwerp, Southampton, Bermuda (for coal bunkers) and New York. She was scrapped in 1874. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.216]

GUILDFORD CASTLE 1911
7.995 gross tons, length 451ft x beam 54.3ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 87-1st, 130-2nd and 195-3rd class passengers. Built by Barclay, Curle & Co, Glasgow for the Union-Castle Mail SS Co's intermediate service from London to South Africa, she was delivered in Oct.1911. At the outbreak of war in 1914 she was initially used to carry troops to Europe and the commissioned as a hospital ship with 427 beds. She served in the German West & East African campaigns, but was more occupied with disease than war wounds. On 10th Mar.1918, inbound to Avonmouth she was hit by a torpedo which failed to explode and was decommissioned and returned to Union-Castle Line in Nov.1918. Initially used in 1920 on the intermediate route, she then transferred to the "round Africa" service. On 31st May 1933 she collided with the Blue Funnel Line ship STENTOR in the River Elbe with the loss of two lives (pilot error was held to blame). Beached on 1st June and became a total loss. [Merchant Fleets, vol.18 by Duncan Haws]

GULLFOSS / TJALDUR / GAMLA TJALDUR 1915
1414 gross tons, length 230.1ft x beam 25.2ft, single screw, speed 12 knots. Built 1915 by Kjobenhavns Flydedok & Skibsvert, Copenhagen for H/f Eimskipafelag Islands, Reykjavik, Iceland (Iceland Steamship Co). Used on the Reykjavik - Copenhagen - Leith service. 1947 sold to P/F Skipafelagid Foroyer, Faroes, renamed TJALDUR. 1953 renamed GAMLA TJALDUR, same owner. 1953 scrapped at Hamburg.

GUY MANNERING 1849
It is mentioned in Basil Lubbock's book "The Western Ocean Packets" as being a 1419 ton vessel, owned by William & Guion's Black Star Line which was partly British owned, was built by W.H.Webb at New York in 1849 and confirms that it was under the command of Capt.Edwards. It was claimed by the owners that she made two 9-day passages to Cape Clear.

GWALIOR / SINSHU (SHINAHU) MARU 1873
2,733 gross tons, 351.6ft x 38.3ft, one funnel, three masts, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 51-1st and 30-2ns class passengers. Launched 9th May 1873 by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton (Yard No.164) for Peninsular & Oriental S.N.Co, used mostly on Southampton / London - Bombay and Bombay - Shanghai services. In 1883 she transferred to Venice - Bombay route and was also used as a Venice - Alexandria ferry. 21st Jan.1894 sold to Kishimoto Gohei, Osaka and renamed SINSHU (SHINAHU) MARU. 2nd Mar.1904 wrecked at Chemulpo while serving as a transport in the Russo-Japanese War.

GYLFE
272 gross tons, length 160ft x beam 41.5ft, side paddle wheel propulsion, speed 12 knots, capacity for 850 passengers. Built 1874 by A/S Burmeister & Wain's Maskin og Skybsbiggeri, Copenhagen for DFDS Line, Copenhagen for their Copenhagen - Malmo passenger service. 1900 sold to Svenska Rederi A/B Oresund, Malmo. 1919 sold to A/S Dampskibsselskabet Oresuns, Copenhagen. 1923 scrapped. [DFDS by S. Thorsoe]

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