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SHIP DESCRIPTIONS - P-Q

Please note that ships often changed hands and names many times. If an entry is just the name of the vessel followed by a "see..." then that vessel was renamed and you will find the full history under the redirected name.

P. CALAND / RESSEL / CARAMANIE 1874
The P. CALAND was a 2,540 gross ton ship, built by Robert Napier & Sons, Glasgow in 1874 for the Holland America Line. Her details were - length 350.1ft x beam 38.1ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was capacity for 50-1st and 600-3rd class passengers. Launched on 2/5/1874, she sailed from Rotterdam on 11/7/1874 on her maiden voyage to Plymouth and New York. On 14/7/1888 she started her first Amsterdam - New York sailing and on 24/5/1890 resumed Rotterdam - Boulogne - New York voyages. She collided with, and sank the British steamer GLAMORGAN in the English Channel on 15/4/1891 and on 15/7/1891 resumed Amsterdam - New York sailings. Her last voyage on this service commenced on 10/4/1897 and later the same year she went to the Italian owned Cosulich Line and was renamed RESSEL. In 1899 she became the French owned CARAMANIE and in March 1910 was scrapped at Marseilles. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.3,p.909]

PACIFIC 1849
The PACIFIC was a 2,707 gross ton ship, built in 1849 by Jacob Bell, New York (engines by Allaire Iron Works, New York) for the American owned Collins Line. Her details were - length 281ft x beam 45ft, straight stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), wooden construction, side paddle wheel propulsion and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 200-1st class passengers. Launched on 1st Feb.1849, she left New York on her maiden voyage to Liverpool on 25th May 1850. Between 11th - 21st Sept.1850 she made a record passage from Liverpool to New York, and between 10th - 20th May 1851 made a record passage from New York to Liverpool. In 1851 she had accommodation for 80-2nd class passengers added, and in 1853 (approx.) her mizzen (third) mast was removed. She sailed from Liverpool for New York on 23rd Jan.1856 and went missing with the loss of 186-286 lives.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.207]

PACIFIC 1850 (see Panama Route Steamers)
1,003 gross tons, length 225.5ft x beam 30.3ft, wooden hull, three masts, side paddle wheel propulsion. Launched 24th Sep.1850 by William H. Brown, New York for Major Albert Lowry and Captain Jarvis who intended to use her on the San Francisco - Panama service. At first she was placed on the New Orleans - Chagres service of the United States Mail Steamship Co and on her first run to Havana she sailed 360 miles in 24 hours which was said to be the best day's run attained by an ocean steamer at that date. On 19th Mar.1851 she sailed from New York for San Francisco via Cape Horn and arrived on 2nd July. She then entered service between S.F and Panama for Vanderbilt, having been purchased by him. In Sep.1851 she started sailings between S.F and San Juan del Sur and continued this trade until until Sep.1855. After being laid up for some time, she entered the S.F.- Columbia River service for the Merchants Accommodation Line in 1858. On 18th Jul.1861 she sank in the Columbia River near Coffin Rock while en route Portland to Astoria, but was raised, repaired and returned to service. By 1863 she was owned by S. J. Hensley of the Oregon & San Diego Steamship Line and about 1867 was purchased by Holladay & Brenham and sold by them to the Pacific Mail S.S.Co in 1872. Her new owners placed her on the San Francisco - San Diego service until 1875 when she was sold to Goodall, Nelson & Perkins. On 4th Nov.1875 she was sunk in collision with the ORPHEUS near Cape Flattery with the loss of over 250 lives.[The Panama Route 1848-1869 by J. H. Kemble]

PACIFICA / SILESIA / CITTA DI NAPOLI / MONTEVIDEO 1869
Built by Caird & Co, Greenock as the SILESIA for the Hamburg America Line, she was a 3,142 gross ton ship, length 339.9ft x beam 40ft, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was capacity for 90-1st, 130-2nd and 520-3rd class passengers. Launched on 14th April 1869, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Havre and New York on 23rd Jun.1869. She started her last voyage on this service on 24th Feb.1875 and was then laid up. In 1877 she was fitted with compound engines and subsequently sailed on the Hamburg - West Indies service. In 1887 she was sold to British owners and renamed PACIFICA and in 1888 was resold to Solari & Schiaffino of Italy and renamed CITTA DI NAPOLI. In Nov.1889 she came under the ownership of Lavarello and was used on the Genoa - South America service. She went to La Veloce of Genoa in 1891, was renamed MONTEVIDEO and continued on the same service until 2nd Dec.1899 when she was wrecked neat the Island of Lobos, River Plate. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.390][South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PAKEHA 1910
a 7,899 tons ship, built in 1910 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for Shaw Savill & Albion Line.Used on the UK - Wellington service.1939 sold to the Admiralty and converted into an imitation of the battleship HMS REVENGE. 1941 reverted to cargo ship for the Ministry of War Transport and renamed EMPIRE PAKEHA. 1946 Repurchased by SSA and reverted to PAKEHA. 1945 Hired by the Ministry of Food as a meat store ship.1950 Scrapped at Briton Ferry.

PALATIA / NIKOLAIEV / NORODOVOLETZ 1894
The PALATIA was built by A.G.Vulcan, Stettin in 1894 for the Hamburg America Line. She was a sister ship to the PATRIA and PHOENICIA and was the first of three ships with this name owned by the company (the other two being cargo ships). Her details were - 7,326 gross tons, length 460ft x beam 52ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 60-1st and 2,000-3rd class passengers. Launched on 8/12/1894, she sailed from Hamburg on 28/4/1895 on her maiden voyage to New York. She commenced her last voyage from Hamburg to Boulogne and New York on 31/3/1902 and on 10/5/1902 commenced sailing between Genoa, Palermo, Naples and New York. Her last sailing on this service started on 26/4/1904 (10 round voyages) and she was sold to the Russian Navy later the same year and renamed NIKOLAIEV. She was converted to an auxiliary cruiser and mine schoolship. In 1917 she was renamed NORODOVOLETZ and on 6/6/1920, foundered at Petrograd (Leningrad, St.Petersburg). In 1925 she was scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.401] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line}

PALERMO / BRITISH PRINCESS / LAZIO 1899
The PALERMO was built in 1899 by Palmers Co Ltd, Jarrow-on-Tyne as the BRITISH PRINCESS for British Shipowners Ltd. She was a 9,203 gross ton ship, length 470ft x beam 56.8ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 70-1st and 2,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 11/7/1899, she sailed between Antwerp and New York for the Phoenix Line probably as a cargo vessel until, in 1906 she was purchased by Navigazione Generale Italiana, fitted with passenger accommodation and renamed LAZIO. On 21/3/1906 she sailed on her first voyage between Genoa, Palermo, Naples and New York, and commenced her last voyage on this service on 21/5/1913. She was then renamed PALERMO, and on 8/7/1913 started Genoa - Naples - Halifax - Boston voyages. On 2/12/1916 she was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine near San Sebastian, Spain. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1116-7]

PALESTINE 1858
The PALESTINE was built by R.Steele & Co, Greenock (engines by Robert Napier, Glasgow) in 1858 for the Cunard Line. She was a 1,800 gross ton ship, length 276ft x beam 36.1ft, clipper stem, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Launched in 1858 for the Mediterranean service, she commenced sailings between Liverpool, Quebec and Montreal under charter to the Allan Line on 16/5/1860. She started her fourth and last Allan voyage between Liverpool and Portland on 8th Nov.1860 and commenced Cunard voyages between Liverpool and New York on 25th Dec.1860. On 4th Apr.1865 she started her first Liverpool - Halifax - New York sailing and in January 1866 made her first Liverpool - Boston - New York voyage. Her last voyage on this route was made in November 1868 (4 round voyages on the Cunard N.Atlantic service). In 1872 she was sold to W.H.Jones, Liverpool, rebuilt to 352.1ft in length, 2,867 gross tons, three masts and fitted with compound engines by J & J.Thomson, Glasgow. Chartered to the Dominion Line, she started a single round voyage from Liverpool to Boston on 27th Mar.1873, and then started her first of three voyages between Liverpool, Quebec and Montreal on 16th May 1873, and her last on 21st Aug.1873. She was chartered to Warren Line and commenced Liverpool - Boston sailings on 24th Jun.1876. Her last voyage on this service started on 23rd Nov.1892 and she was scrapped in 1896. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.146]

PALLANZA / CHANCELLOR 1891
4,606 gross tons, length 398.6ft x beam 47.1ft, one funnel, three masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 850-3rd class passengers. Built by C. S. Swan & Hunter, Wallsend-on-Tyne (engines by Wallsend Slipway Co), she was launched as the CHANCELLOR for T & J. Harrison of Liverpool on 11th May 1891. Sold to Sloman Line of Hamburg in 1901, she was renamed PALLANZA and started her first Hamburg - New York voyage on 25th Jul.1902. Chartered by the Hamburg-America Line in May 1903, she was purchased by this company on 9th Jan.1907. On 16th Jan.1907 she started her first Hamburg - Philadelphia sailing and on 17th May 1912 commenced her first Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal sailing. Her last voyage on this service started on 12th June 1914 and she arrived back at Hamburg on 21st Jul.1914. Used as a German Naval Auxiliary, she was sunk by a mine near Borkum on 11th Nov.1915.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.409]

PALMYRA 1865
2,044 gross tons, length 290.8ft x beam 38ft, clipper bows, one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Accommodation for 46-1st and 650-3rd class passengers. Built by Caird & Co, Greenock, she was launched for the Cunard Steamship Co on 23rd Dec.1865. Her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York started on 25th Apr.1866 and on 6th Sep.1870 she commencd her first Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston sailing. Her last regular voyage on this service started 22nd Jul.1873 and she was then used on the Liverpool - Mediterranean route except for 17 North Atlantic voyages between 1880 and 1891, her final sailing to Boston starting on 31st Dec.1891. She was scrapped in 1897. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1, p.149]

PANAMA / CANADA 1865
Built in 1865-6 by Chantier de Penhoet, St Nazaire as the PANAMA for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line). This was a 3,400 gross ton ship, length 355.4ft x beam 43.8ft, straight stem, two funnels, two masts, iron construction, side paddle wheel propulsion and a speed of 12 knots. She made her maiden voyage in 1866 between St Nazaire and Vera Cruz and continued on this route until 1875. She was then rebuilt to 4,054 tons and re-engined with single screw propulsion, a third mast added and renamed CANADA. On 22nd Apr.1876 she started her first Havre - Plymouth - New York voyage and commenced her last sailing on this service on 15th May 1886. She then transferred to the Havre - Panama route, was re-engined in 1896 and eventually scrapped at St Nazaire in 1908. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.654]

PANNONIA 1903
9,851 gross tons, length 486.5ft x beam 59.3ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. Accommodation for 40-1st and 800-3rd class passengers. Built by John Brown & Co, Glasgow and purchased by Cunard SS Co while building, this ship was launched in March 1903. On 28th May 1904 she left Trieste on her maiden voyage to Fiume, Palermo and New York and continued Mediterranean - New York sailings until commencing her last sailing on 16th Jul.1914 between Fiume, Patras, Messina, Palermo, Naples and New York. Chartered to Anchor Line, she sailed from Glasgow on 3rd Oct.1914 for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York and made four round voyages on this service. On 12th Mar.1915 she started her first St Nazaire - New York voyage and on 26th Dec.1915 her first London - New York sailing. Her eleventh and last London - New York voyage started on 19th Aug.1917 and on 8th Oct.1917 she commenced Liverpool - New York voyages. Her last Liverpool - New York voyage started 2nd Apr.1918 and her last London - New York on 29th Mar.1919. She reverted to the Mediterranean on 18th May 1919 when she left Piraeus for Marseilles and New York and continued until 17th Sep.1921 when she sailed from Trieste for Patras, Messina, Naples, Palermo, Valencia and New York. She then resumed Liverpool - New York voyages until starting her last crossing on 18th Apr.1922 from New York to Plymouth, Cherbourg and Hamburg. She was scrapped in 1922.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.156]

PAPANUI 1898
The PAPANUI was a 6,372 gross ton ship, length 430ft x beam 54.1ft (131,06m x 16,49m), one funnel, two masts (square rigged for sail on the foremast), single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 34-1st, 45-2nd and 400-emigrant class passengers. She also carried a crew of 108. Built by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton in 1898 for the New Zealand Shipping Co, she started her maiden voyage on 12th Jan.1899 when she left London for Capetown, Auckland and Wellington. In Dec.1909 she struck an uncharted rock off the coast of Tasmania. The cost of repairs at Melbourne was considered to be uneconomic and she was sold to a local syndicate who intended to have her repaired in Japan. However, she was refused permission to sail on the grounds of unseaworthiness, and to evade the law, she was transferred to Nicaraguan registry and left port without a pilot for Nagasaki, where she was repaired. She then returned to Australian waters. In August 1911 she sailed from London with 364 emigrants bound for Fremantle via Capetown. On 5th Sept. the coal in No.3 hold was found to be smouldering and all attempts to extinguish it were unsuccessful. On Sept.8th the ship passed St Helena and later a delegation of passengers supported by the ship's officers persuaded the captain to turn back to Jamestown, St Helena. She dropped anchor in James Bay on 11th Sep. and lifeboats were sent to assist in disembarking passengers, but the St Helena authorities were met by the captain who claimed that the officers and crew had mutinied. The following day, after explosions were heard coming from the ship and flames were visible, she was ordered to be beached. The ship was abandoned and by noon, the whole midship portion was ablaze. Much of the passengers baggage was lost and the hulk of the ship settled in the bay where it still remains. On 14th Oct, the NZSCo ship OPAWA arrived to transport the survivors to Fremantle. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.7, New Zealand Shipping & Federal S.N.Co]

PAPAROA 1899
(New Zealand Shipping Company) 6563 gross tons, length 430ft x beam 54ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 13 knots, acommodation for 34-1st, 45-2nd and 400-emigrant class passengers. Built 1899 by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, she sailed on her maiden voyage on 9th Nov.1899 from London for Capetown, Auckland and Wellington. Relegated to secondary services in 1909 which entailed additional Pacific Island calls. She remained in company service as a meat carrier during the Great War, and because of war losses, was refitted and rejoined the main passenger service in 1921. On 17th Mar.1926, while outward bound, a fire broke out while the vessel was near St.Helena in the South Atlantic. Radio distress calls brought the P&O Line steamer BARRABOOL which took off the passengers. Attempts to extinguish the fire with the aid of a party from the cruiser HMS BIRMINGHAM failed, and the ship was eventually scuttled. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M. Maber] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.7]

PARAGUAY 1864
The PARAGUAY was a 1,444 gross ton ship, length 251.2ft x beam 32ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 1st, 2nd and 500-3rd class passengers. Built by Palmers Iron Shipbuilding Co, Jarrow-on-Tyne in 1864 for the River Plate Steamship Co, she was used on the South America service until acquired by the London & New York Steamship Line in 1869. Her first London - Havre - New York voyage started in April 1869 and she continued in this service until the company closed down in 1871. Her last voyage started 28th Sep.1871 from London to Havre & New York (arr.27th Oct). In 1873 she was fitted with new engines and in about 1875 she was purchased by the Hughes Line of Liverpool. She was sunk in collision in the River Scheldt on 10th Feb.1891. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.598]

PARAGUAY 1884 see MARINA 1870

PARIS 1921
34,569 gross tons, overall length 764.3ft x beam 85.3ft, three funnels, two masts, quadruple screw and a speed of 21 knots. There was accommodation for 565-1st, 480-2nd and 1,100-3rd class passengers. Built by Chantiers & Ateliers de St Nazaire, St Nazaire for Compagnie Generale Transatlantique (French Line). Her keel was laid in 1913, but due to wartime conditions, she wasn't launched until 12th Sep.1916 and work was then suspended and she was towed to Quiberon Bay. She wasn't commissioned until 1921 and commenced her maiden voyage from Havre to New York on 15th Jun.1921. In Aug.1929 she was damaged by fire at Havre and resumed the Havre - Plymouth - New York service on 15th Jan.1930. In May 1932 her accommodation was re-classified as 1st, tourist and 3rd class, and she commenced her last Havre - Southampton - New York sailing on 31st Mar.1939. On 19th Apr.1939 she caught fire at her berth in Havre, capsized and sank. Her wreck was disposed of after World War II.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.662-3]

PARISIAN 1880
The PARISIAN was a 5,359 gross ton ship, length 440.8ft x beam 46.2ft, two funnels, four masts (rigged for sail), steel construction, single screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 150-1st, 100-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by R. Napier & Sons, Glasgow, she was launched for the Allan Line 4th Nov.1880. Her maiden voyage started on 10th Mar.1881 when she left Liverpool for Halifax and Boston and on 28th Apr.1881 she started her first Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailing. In 1899 she was fitted with triple expansion engines and her sailing rigging and one of her funnels removed. Fitted with Marconi Wireless Telegraphy in 1902, she started her last Liverpool - Halifax - St John NB sailing on 16th Mar.1905. On 25th May 1905 she commenced the first of four Glasgow - New York sailings and on 25th May 1906 transferred to Glasgow - Boston sailings with 2nd and 3rd class passengers only. London - Quebec - Montreal voyages started on 30th Apr.1908 and on 17th Sep.1909 she resumed the Glasgow - Boston route. She commenced her final voyage between Glasgow and Boston on 31st Oct.1913. In Jan.1914 she was scrapped in Italy.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.315-6]

PARTHIA / VICTORIA / STRAITS No.27 / STRAITS MARU 1870
She was a 3,167 gross ton ship, length 360.5ft x beam 40.4ft (109,87m x 12,31m), One funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 150-1st and 1,031-3rd class passengers. Built by Willian Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, she was launched for the Cunard SS Co on 10th Sep.1870. In March 1880 she took in tow the waterlogged barque MARY A. MARSHALL which sank the following day and in Nov.1880 rescued the crew of the sinking barque JAMES EDWARDS. Used in 1880 to carry troops to Alexandria for the relief of Khartoum. Between 1870 and 1883 she sailed between Liverpool, Queenstown and New York or Boston and was passed to John Elder, shipbuilders in part exchange for new ships in 1884. Re-engined in 1885, she made an Australian voyage(s) and between 1887-1891 sailed under charter to Canadian Pacific between Vancouver, Yokohama, Shanghai and Hong Kong. Sold to Northern Pacific Line in 1891, she was renamed VICTORIA and used on the Tacoma - Hong Kong service. In 1898 went to the US owned North American Mail Line and used on the same service, she also trooped to Manila. Returned to Northern Pacific in 1901, she was acquired by North Western Commercial in 1904 and used on the Alaska run and in 1908 went to Alaska SS Co. In 1935 she was laid up for three years at Lake Union. Her passenger accommodation was removed in 1941, and on 23rd Aug.1952 she was laid up after 80 years service. She was sold to Straits Towing Co, Vancouver in 1954, converted into a log carrying barge and was renamed STRAITS NO.27. Sold to Japanese interests in 1956 and renamed STRAITS MARU she was scrapped in Osaka, Japan. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.151][North Star to Southern Cross by John Maber] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.12, Cunard Line]

PARTHIA / LIZZY / LORD HARRINGTON / FRANCESCO PAPALE 1896
2,714 gross tons cargo steamer, length 300ft x beam 42ft, single screw. Built 1896 by Richardson Duck & Co, Stockton (Yard No.474) for A. C. de Freitas & Co, Hamburg. In 1901 de Freitas was taken over by Hamburg America Line and in 1914 the PARTHIA was sold to Emder Reederei A.G., Emden and renamed LIZZY. 1919 passed to the Shipping Controller, London as war reparations and managed by C. T. Bowring & Co. 1920 sold to Byron SS Co (M. Embiricos), London renamed LORD HARRINGTON. 1927 sold to Papale & Lizzio, Catania, Italy renamed FRANCESCO PAPALE 1931 owners became Armamento SS Francisco Papale (F. Papale), Catania, 1933 scrapped at Savona. [Register of Merchant Ships Completed in 1896 by Starke / Schell]

PASCAL 1869
1,876 gross tons, length 300ft x beam 33.4ft (91.44m x 10.18m), one funnel, two masts (rigged for sail), iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. There was accommodation for 80 passengers. Launched on 13th Dec.1869 by Andrew Leslie & Co, Hebburn-on-Tyne for the Liverpool, Brazil and River Plate Steam Navigation Co (Lamport & Holt), she started her maiden voyage on 20th Apr.1870 from Liverpool to Rio de Janeiro and Montevideo. She continued Liverpool - South America services until 1878 when she was transferred to the Belgian flagged subsidiary company Societe de Navigation Royale Belge Sud-Americaine. This company operated weekly mail services between Antwerp, Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine. In 1887 the ship reverted to her original owners and route and in 1897 was scrapped at Genoa. [Merchant Fleets, vol.34 by Duncan Haws]

PASTEUR / BREMEN / REGINA MAGNA / SAUDI PHIL I / SAUDI FILIPINAS I 1938 The PASTEUR was a 29,253 gross ton ship, built by Chantiers et Ateliers de St Nazaire in 1938 for the French company, Compagnie de Navigation Sud Atlantique. Her details were - length overall 696.9ft x beam 90.2ft, one funnel, two masts, quadruple screw and a speed of 26 knots. There was accommodation designed for 275-1st class, 126-2nd and 338-3rd class passengers. Launched on Feb.15th 1938 by Madame Pasteur Vallery-Radot, wife of the grandson of Louis Pasteur and intended for the Bordeaux - South America service, her maiden voyage was delayed by the outbreak of fire while fitting out. The maiden voyage was re-scheduled for September, but the declaration of war forced cancellation and the ship was laid up at Saint Nazaire. On June 1st 1940 she loaded 400 tons of gold from the reserve of the Banque de France and sailed unescorted to Halifax, where she was requisitioned by the British government after the fall of France. Placed under the management of Cunard-White Star Line, she was converted to a troopship and was one of the few fast transports that could cross the Atlantic in small, unescorted, fast convoys. In October 1941 she made a voyage from Glasgow to Halifax with a varied complement, including officers arranging the transport of 20,000 British troops across Canada and the Pacific to Singapore. In 1943 she visited Freetown, Capetown, Durban, Aden and Port Tewfik and then back to the Clyde and Halifax. Before the battle of Alamein she had carried 10,000 men of the British 8th Army and 5,000 men of the US 1st Army Corps. During the war she had carried 220,000 troops and 30,000 wounded and steamed 370,669 miles. After the war she repatriated US and Canadian troops and in June 1945 she was returned to France and carried French troops to Indo-China and was used as a troopship until 1957 when she was laid up at Brest. Purchased by North German Lloyd of Bremen in Sept.1957, she was extensively rebuilt to 32,336 tons, given accommodation for 216-1st and 906-tourist class passengers, and renamed BREMEN.  She commenced Bremen - Southampton - Cherbourg - New York voyages on 9th July 1959 and continued this service, with some cruising voyages until 1971 when she was sold to Chandris Lines and renamed REGINA MAGNA. Used for cruising until Oct.1974 when she was laid up at Piraeus until 1977 when she was sold to Saudi Arabia and renamed SAUDI PHIL I. She was moored at Jeddah as an accommodation ship for Phillipine stevedores working at the port. Renamed SAUDI FILIPINAS I in 1978, she was eventually sold to Taiwanese shipbreakers in 1980. She left Jeddah in tow of the Panamanian tug SUMATRA for Kaohsiung, but developed a heavy list in bad weather, and on June 9th 1980 she sank in the Arabian Sea. [Steamers of the Past by J.H.Isherwood, Sea Breezes magazine, April 1984]

PATRIA 1895
The PATRIA of 1895 was built by A.G.Vulcan, Stettin for the Hamburg America Line in 1894. She was a 7,118 gross ton ship, length 460ft x beam 52ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 60-1st and 2,000-3rd class. Launched on 25th Aug.1894, she sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to Havre and New York on 28th Nov.1894. She continued on the Hamburg - USA service and commenced her last voyage from Hamburg to Boulogne and New York on 16th Oct.1899, but caught fire in the English Channel while homeward bound on 15th Nov.1899. Her passengers were taken off by the Hamburg America Line ship ATHESIA and she was taken in tow but sank two days later. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.401][Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

PATRIA 1914
11,885 gross tons, length 489.8ft x beam 59.8ft, three funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots, accommodation for 140-1st, 250-2nd and 1,850-3rd class passengers. Launched on 11th Nov.1913 by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediteranee, La Seyne for the Fabre Line, Marseilles. She started her maiden voyage on 16th Apr.1914 Marseilles, Naples, Palermo and New York and was on the North Atlantic service for much of WWI. On 24th Apr.1931 she started her last voyage from Marseilles to New York, Boston, Azores, Lisbon and Marseilles. In Jan.1932 she was chartered to Messageries Maritimes for use on their Marseilles - Eastern Mediterranean services. 1940 sold to Messageries Maritimes. June 1940 laid up at Haifa following the surrender of France. Nov.1940 Entered service under British control and was supposed to leave for Mauritius on 23rd Nov. with 1,900 emigrants from Palestine, but the sailing date was postponed and she waited at Haifa with the emigrants still on board. On the morning of 25th Nov. the ship was wrecked by three explosions, heeled over and lay on her side in shallow water with the loss of 279 lives. The perpetrators of this sabotage were never identified. In 1952 the wreck was scrapped. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.2 by A. Kludas - contains photos] [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PATRICIA 1899
Built by A.G.Vulcan, Stettin in 1899 for the Hamburg America Line, this was a 13,023 gross ton ship, length 560.3ft x beam 62.3ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 162-1st, 184-2nd and 2,143-3rd class passengers. Launched on 20th Feb.1899, she sailed from Hamburg on 7th May 1899 on her maiden voyage to New York. In 1900 she was rebuilt to 13,424 tons and in 1910 was again rebuilt to 14,466 gross tons with passenger accommodation for 408-2nd and 2,143-3rd class. On 2nd Jan.1910 she rammed and sank the lightship ELBE V. Her last Hamburg - New York voyage started on 27th Nov.1913 and on 12th Jan.1914 she was chartered by the German government for use as a transport ship to the German colony at Tsingtao, China. Surrendered to the USA in March 1919, she was allocated to Britain in 1920 and operated by Ellerman Lines until 1921 when she was scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.405][Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America, Adler and Carr Lines]

PATRICIA / HAARLEM / AGIOS NIKOLAOS II 1928
The PATRICIA was a 3,979 gross ton cargo ship, built in 1928 by Schiffswerke Henry Koch AG, Lubeck for the Caribbean service of the Hamburg America Line. Her dimensions were - length 374ft x beam 53.7ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Used between Hamburg and West Indies until May 1940, when she was seized by the Dutch at Aruba, transferred to the Royal Netherlands SS Co and renamed HAARLEM. In 1954 she was fitted with a new engine and in 1961 was sold to Greek owners and renamed AGIOS NIKOLAOS II. She was scrapped at Shanghai in 1967. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

PATRIS / CLAUDE CHAPPE 1908
4,390 tons, length 370ft x beam 47ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots. Accommodation for 60-1st, 60-2nd and 1,300-3rd class passengers. Built by the Northumberland Shipbuilding Co, Howdon-on-Tyne (engines by G.Clark Ltd, Sunderland), she was launched for the National Greek Line on 23rd Dec.1908. Her maiden voyage from Smyrna to Piraeus, Kalamata, Patras and New York started on 27th Mar.1909. In 1912 her 2nd class accommodation was increased to 100 and in Jan.1913 she was taken up as a Greek hospital ship. She resumed Patras - Piraeus - New York sailings on 12th Jun.1913 and commenced her last Piraeus - New York sailing on 6th Dec.1920. In April 1925 she was sold to Messageries Maritimes, Marseilles and renamed CLAUDE CHAPPE and was scrapped at Hong Kong in 1939. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1415. ISBN 0-905824-03-2 contains photo of the ship]

PAVONIA 1882
The PAVONIA was built for Cunard SS Co by J.& G.Thomson, Glasgow in 1882. She was a 5,588 gross ton ship, length 430.5ft x beam 46.4ft, straight stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 200-1st and 1,500-3rd class. Launched on 3rd June 1882, she left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York on 13th Sep.1882. On 18th Oct.1882 she commenced her first Liverpool - Queenstown - Boston sailing, and on 23rd Feb.1884 started her 13th and last Liverpool - Queenstown - New York voyage. She subsequently sailed mostly Liverpool - Boston. On 19th Jan.1892 she arrived at Boston in tow of the Hamburg America liner RHAETIA having broken her propellor shaft. On 18th Feb.1899 she arrived at the Azores in a disabled condition and was towed to Liverpool. Repaired, she started her last Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailing on 29th Aug.1899 and then made two voyages as a Boer War Transport before being scrapped in 1900. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.153]

PAWNEE / TAKATORI MARU 1882
1,798 gross tons, length 277.5ft x beam 34.6ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool (engines by Fawcett, Preston & Co, Liverpool), she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool on 30th Jul.1881. Maiden voyage 26th Apr.1882 between Catania, Messina and New York. Continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until 1905 when she was sold to Japan and renamed . 1925 scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1018]

PECONIC 1881
1,795 gross tons, length 277.5ft x beam 34.6ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Launched on 21st Oct.1881 by T. Royden and Sons, Liverpool (engines by Fawcett, Preston & Co., Liverpool) for the Mediterranean and New York SS Co., Liverpool. On 26th Jul.1882 she started her first voyage from Girgenti to Catania, Messina, Palermo and New York. Transferred in 1905 to D. H. E. Jones, New York for use as a cargo ship, she sank off Fernadina, Florida on 28th Aug.1905 on voyage Philadelphia - New Orleans with a cargo of coal.
The Mediterranean & NY SS Co. were mainly fruit carriers with a few passengers, but their ships were small and increased competion caused them to cease operations in 1905. PECONIC had four sister ships - PONTIAC, PONCA, PICQUA and PAWNEE.

PEGU / ALICANTE 1889
PEGU 3661 gross tons, length 372ft x beam 45.1ft, clipper bows, one funnel, two masts, single screw. speed 12 knots, accommodation for 42-1st and 20-2nd class passengers. Built 1889 by Wm. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton for the British & Burmese Steam Navigation Co. (P. Henderson & Co.), Glasgow, she was used on the UK - Burma service. 1896 sold to Compagnia Trasatlantica, Barcelona, converted to a troopship and renamed ALICANTE. Used on the Spain - Mexico service. 1911 sold to the Trinidad Shipping Co., 1916 repurchased by Cia. Trasatlantica for their Barcelona - Cadiz - New York route, 1938 sunk by Nationalist bombing at Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War. [Merchant Fleets, vol.29 by Duncan Haws]

PEGU / MAYARO 1900
3,896 gross tons, length 359.9ft x 45.0ft, single screw, speed 11.5 knots. Accommodation for 48-1st class passengers. Built 1900 by W. Denny & Bros, Dumbarton as the PEGU for Burmah Steamship Co. (P. Henderson & Co.), Glasgow. 1911 sold to Trinidad Shipping & Trading Co. Ltd, Glasgow renamed MAYARO. 1921 transferred to Bermuda & West Indies S.S.Co. Ltd (Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd), Hamilton, Bermuda. 1929 scrapped at Briton Ferry, UK.

PEGU 1919
O.N.144260, 8,084 gross tons, length 466ft x beam 59.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 150-1st class passengers. Built by Wm. Denny & Bros., Dumbarton, she was launched on 14th Dec.1920 for Burmah S.S. Co & British & Burmese S.N. Co. Ltd (P. Henderson & Co.), Glasgow. Due to a joiners strike, she was sent to Le Havre for completion and was not delivered until 24th Dec.1921. Used on the Glasgow / Liverpool / Birkenhead - Burma service and in 1927 was used as a pilgrimage ship on the Rangoon - Jeddah route. In 1935 she was refitted and the passenger capacity reduced to 124. The company was renamed British & Burmese S.N. Co. Ltd the same year. On 24th Dec.1939 while inbound to the Mersey on voyage Glasgow - Liverpool - Rangoon with general cargo, and with buoy lights extinguished as a wartime measure, she grounded near Beta Buoy. Refloated on 26th, but struck the revetment and broke in two. Salvage was abandoned. [Merchant Fleets, vol.29 by Duncan Haws] [Register of Merchant Ships Completed in 1921 by Wm. Schell] She was a sister ship to the AMARAPOORA which became the well known New Zealand emigrant ship CAPTAIN HOBSON after the war

PEMBROKE CASTLE / GLASGOW 1863
The PEMBROKE CASTLE was a ship rigged, 1,171 gross ton sailing vessel belonging to Donald Currie's Castle Line. Acquired in 1863 she sailed on the UK - Calcutta service but would have called at the Cape en route. Sold to the Dundee and Calcutta Line of Clippers (Barrie Shipping Co) in 1883, re-rigged as a barque and renamed GLASGOW. On 25th Dec.1893 she was dismasted and abandoned off the Scilly Isles. [The Cape Run by W. H. Mitchell & L. A. Sawyer]

PEMBROKE CASTLE / BEZMI-ALEM 1893
The second PEMBROKE CASTLE, also belonging to the Castle Line was a four masted steamship, normally used on the London - South Africa run. Purchased while building in 1893, she was a 3,946 gross ton Intermediate ship (as opposed to the fast Mail Liners), but was occasionally used on the South African Mail service. In 1900 she came under the ownership of Union-Castle Mail SS Co, when the Union Line combined with the Castle Line. In 1906 she was sold to Turkey and renamed BEZMI-ALEM and in August 1915 was sunk by the Russian fleet near Samsoun, Turkey. [The Cape Run by Mitchell & Sawyer]

PEMBROKESHIRE 1914
7,821 gross tons, length 470.2ft x beam 58.3ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 12 passengers. Launched on 17th Dec.1914 by Workman, Clark & Co, Belfast for Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. Although owned by Royal Mail and sailed under their colours, she was managed by the subsidiary Jenkin's Shire Line. Her maiden voyage started 22nd Apr.1915 when she left Newport, Mon. for the River Plate on Royal Mail service. On 16th Nov. she went aground near Las Palmas, but was refloated. Apr.1917 taken over under the Liner Requisition Scheme but continued on the River Plate meat trade but under Government direction. Feb.1919 refurbished and converted from coal to oil fuel. In 1920 Glen and Shire Lines were integrated and the PEMBROKESHIRE was used on Far East services as far as Japan and Australia. In 1935 she was sold to Thomas Dunlop & Sons, Glasgow and in 1936 was scrapped at Danzig under the Government's "Scrap and Build" scheme.[Merchant Fleets vol.22 by Duncan Haws]

PENINSULAR 1887
2,744 gross tons, length 325ft x beam 40ft, one funnel, three masts, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 1st, 80-2nd and 650-3rd class passengers. Built 1887 by J. L. Thompson & Son, Sunderland as the MURRUMBIDGEE for Lund's Blue Anchor Line's UK - Australia service. Sold to Empreza Insulana de Navegaceo, Lisbon and renamed PENINSULAR, she started her first Lisbon - Azores - New York voyage on 28th Feb.1893. On 9th Feb.1901 she broke her propeller shaft and was towed to the Azores by Wilson Line's FRANCISCO. 13th Feb.1902 collided with and sank the French CONSEIL at Lisbon. Her last Lisbon - Azores - New York voyage started on 1st Jul.1908 and she subsequently sailed Lisbon - Azores only. 1910 sold to Empreza Nacional de Navegaceo, Lisbon. 1918 sold to Companhia Nacional de Navegaceo, Lisbon. 1923 scrapped.

PENNLAND / ALGERIA 1870
The PENNLAND was a 3428 gross ton ship, length 361.2ft x beam 41.4ft, one funnel, three masts, rigged for sail, iron hull, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. Accommodation for 200-1st and 1,054-3rd class passengers. Built by J.& G.Thomson, Glasgow, she was launched on 12th Jul.1870 as the ALGERIA for the Cunard SS Co. Her maiden voyage started 27th Sep.1870 when she left Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York and her last voyage on this service started 22nd Oct.1881. Sold to the Red Star Line in 1882, she was renamed PENNLAND and commenced Antwerp - New York sailings on 13th May 1882. Rebuilt to 3,760 tons in 1888, she started her last Antwerp - New York voyage on 15th Dec.1894. On 11th Apr.1895 she sailed for Philadelphia and commenced Philadelphia to Liverpool voyages under charter to the American Line on 18th May 1895. Her last sailing on this route started 6th Apr.1901 and she then resumed Antwerp - New York sailings. In Aug.1901 she resumed the Antwerp - Philadelphia route and in 1902 became 3rd class only. Her last Antwerp - New York voyage started 27th Mar.1902 and her last Philadelphia - Antwerp on 23rd Sep.1903. She was then scrapped in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1]

PENNLAND see PITTSBURGH 1920

PENNSYLVANIA / CANADA 1863
The CANADA was a 2872 gross ton ship, length 325ft x beam 41.2ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sails), iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Accommodation for 100-1st and 750-3rd class passengers. Built by Palmer Bros, Jarrow-on-Tyne, she was launched as the CAROLINE on 27th Oct.1863 for Fernie Bros. Purchased the same year by the National Line and renamed PENNSYLVANIA, she started her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York on 16th Feb.1864. In 1866 she made a trooping voyage from Liverpool to Malta, Quebec and Liverpool and in 1872 she was rebuilt to 391.6ft in length, 4,276 gross tons, re-engined and renamed CANADA. Her first Liverpool - Queenstown - New York voyage under this name started on 24th Apr.1872 and her last on 15th Sep.1874. On 8th Nov.1874 she transferred to London - New York sailings and commenced her final voyage on 17th Dec.1893. She was scrapped the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.611]

PENNSYLVANIA 1872
Built by W. Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia in 1872 for the American Steamship Co (which later became the American Line). This was a 3,104 gross ton ship, length 343ft x beam 43ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 46-1st, 132-intermediate and 789-3rd class passengers. Launched on 15th Aug.1872, she sailed from Philadelphia on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and Liverpool on 22nd May 1873. She started her last Liverpool - Queenstown - Philadelphia crossing on 13th Nov.1884 and started Antwerp - New York voyages on 25th May 1887 under charter to the Red Star Line. Fitted with triple-expansion engines in 1881 by the builders and refitted to accommodate intermediate and 3rd class passengers only, she commenced her sixteenth and last Antwerp - New York sailing on 9th Mar.1892. Between 1892 - 1897 she sailed Antwerp - Philadelphia and on 11th Apr.1898 sailed from Philadelphia to San Francisco, where she was sold for service on the Pacific. On 12th Nov.1918 she was destroyed by fire at Iquique. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.3, p.938] - [Posted to the ShipsList by Ted Finch - 27 October 1998]

PENNSYLVANIA / STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA / MEDINA / MARMARA 1873
The STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA was built by the London & Glasgow Co., Glasgow as the PENNSYLVANIA for the State Steamship Co.,Ltd. She was a 2,472 gross ton ship, length 331.5ft x beam 36.3ft, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 65-1st, 35-intermediate and 400-3rd class passengers. Launched on 12/2/1873, she sailed from Glasgow on her maiden voyage to Larne(Ireland) and New York on 18/4/1873. In December 1873 she was renamed STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA to avoid confusion with other ships and commenced her first voyage Glasgow - Larne - New York under this name on 19/12/1873. On 27/3/1891 she commenced her last voyage Glasgow - Moville - New York, and then went to the Allan Line, but did not run for them. In 1893 she went to a Turkish company and was renamed MEDINA and in 1900 was resold and renamed MARMARA (Turkish). On 5/9/1915 she was reported sunk by Russian destroyers off Kefken. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.865]

PENNSYLVANIA / NANSEMOND 1896
The PENNSYLVANIA was a 12,891 gross ton ship, length 557.5ft x beam 62ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 162-1st, 197-2nd and 2,382-3rd class passengers. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast, she was launched for Hamburg America Line on 10th Sep.1896. Her maiden voyage from Belfast to New York started on 30th Jan.1897 and on 22nd Mar.1897 she commenced Hamburg - New York sailings. On 24th Sep.1902 she rescued the crew of 13 from the sinking Norwegian barque BOTHNIA who had been fighting against rising water for 17 days. The PENNSYLVANIA rammed and sank the Hamburg schooner GERTRUD on 8th Mar.1910 in the mouth of the River Elbe. The same year she was rebuilt to 13,333 gross tons with accommodation for 404-2nd and 2,200-3rd class passengers and on 18th Jul.1914 commenced her last Hamburg - New York sailing. At the outbreak of the Great War, she took refuge in New York and in April 1917 was seized by US Authorities. Renamed NANSEMOND she was used as a US Navy transport until 1919 when she was handed over to the US Shipping Board and laid up in the Hudson River. In 1924 she was scrapped.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.402][Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.1,p.32]

PERICLES / SJURSO 1877
1,598 gross tons, length 259.5ft x beam 39.3ft (79,10m x 12,00m), three masted, full rigged ship, iron hull. Built in 1877 by W.Hood & Co, Aberdeen as a wool clipper for the Aberdeen Line, she was launched in July 1877. Fitted with the latest improvements such as a donkey boiler and engine, steam condenser and steam windlass. Her maiden voyage was 71 days outward to Melbourne, and by 1886-7 she was no longer a wool clipper but a general cargo carrier and sailed home via India and the Pacific. In 1904 she was sold to Leif Gundersen, Porsgrund, Norway and was rigged as a barque. Owned by Pettersen and Ullenaess, Porsgrund in 1911 and sold to Christiansands Shipping Co in 1916 and renamed SJURSO. In Sep.1923 she was scrapped at Kiel.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.17, Aberdeen and Aberdeen & Commonwealth Lines]

PERSEO 1884
4,158 gross tons, length 380.6ft x beam 42.0ft (116.00m x 12.80m), two funnels, three masts, single screw, speed 14 knots. Accommodation for 80-1st, 40-2nd and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 16th Nov.1883 by Robert Napier & Sons, Glasgow for Societa Italiana di Trasporti Marittimi Raggio & Co., Genoa, she started her maiden voyage on 15th Feb.1884 when she sailed from Genoa for Las Palmas, Montevideo and Buenos Aires. In January 1885 the company and it's fleet were sold to Navigazione Generale Italiana and the PERSEO continued on the same service. Re-engined in 1891 to give a speed of 15 knots. 19th Dec.1899 collided with the French ship MEUSE near Alicante and had to return to Genoa for repairs. 1906 modenised and transferred to Marittimi Italiana (Syrian Line). 12th Feb.1908 sunk in collision at Naples but later salvaged and repaired. 1911 taken over for trooping to Tripoli during the Turkish war. 4th May 1917 while trooping, torpedoed and sunk by the Austro-Hungarian submarine U.4 in the Ionian Sea between Cefalonia and Messina with the loss of 227 lives.

PERSIA / MINNEWASKA / THOMAS 1894
5,857 gross tons, length 445.5ft x beam 50.2ft, one funnel, four masts, single screw, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 60-1st and 1,800-3rd class passengers.
Built 1894 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for Hamburg America Line. she started her maiden voyage on 15th Jul.1894 from Hamburg for New York. Her last voyage on this service started on 28th Nov.1897 and she was then sold to Atlantic Transport Line, reconditioned and renamed MINNEWASKA. On 24th Jan.1898 she sailed from Belfast for New York and on 24th Feb.1898 started her first London - New York sailing. Last sailing on this route started 14th Jul.1898 and then sold to the U.S. Government and renamed THOMAS. 1929 scrapped.

PERSIAN MONARCH 1880
3,923 gross tons, length 360ft x 43.1ft, one funnel, four masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 40-1st and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Launched on 8th Sep.1880 by A. McMillan & Son, Dumbarton, (engines by D. Rowan, Glasgow) for the Monarch Line. She started her maiden voyage on 25th Nov.1880 when she left Glasgow for Moville and New York. On 24th Dec.1880 she left New York for London, but returned on 28th Dec. in a leaking condition. She started London - New York voyages on 10th May 1881 and commenced her last on this route on 23rd Dec.1886. Sold to the Wilson Line in 1887, she made one London - New York voyage and then transferred to Hull - NY route, making her fourth and last sailing on this route on 6th May 1888. She then returned to London - New York sailings, transferring to Wilson-Hill Line 25th Jun.1891. Her final voyage started 18th Apr.1894 when she left London for New York, but on 3rd May she stranded on Long Island, was refloated and sold. Converted to a sailing ship and renamed MAY FLINT, she was eventually sunk in collision with USS IOWA at San Francisco in Sep.1900. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3, p.964 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PERSIC 1899
11,973 gross tons, length 565ft x beam 63.4ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 320-1st class passengers, reduced to 260 in 1920. Launched by Harland & Wolff, Belfast on 7th Sep.1899 for White Star Line, she started her maiden voyage on 7th Dec. when she left Liverpool for Sydney via Capetown, carrying troops for the Boer War. Her rudder broke at Capetown causing delay. On 26th Oct.1900 she rescued the crew of the burning sailing schooner MADURA. 1917-1919 operated under the liner requisition scheme as troopship. Sep.1918 torpedoed off Sicily but reached port and repaired. 1927 sold for scrapping at Hendrik Ido Ambacht, Holland. [Merchant Fleets vol.2 by Duncan Haws]

PERTHSHIRE 1893
5,574 gross tons, length 420ft x beam 54ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 11 knots, accommodation for 12 passengers. Completed Dec.1893 by R & W. Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn-on-Tyne for the Elderslie SS Co. (Turnbull, Martin & Co.). 1899 went missing on passage Sydney - Wellington but found by Union SS Co. of New Zealand ship TALUNE and towed back to Sydney, having lost her tailshaft. 1910 transferred to Scottish Shire Line Ltd. 1915 requisitioned by the Admiralty as a frozen meat carrier. 1919 designated HMS PERTHSHIRE as a fleet supply ship. 1929 on the China Station and painted white with a yellow funnel. 1932 decommissioned and scrapped. [Merchant Fleets, vol.33 by Duncan Haws]

PERUGIA 1901
4348 gross tons, length 375.1ft x beam 47.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 20-1st and 1,150-3rd class passengers. Launched on 16th May 1901 by D & W. Henderson for the Anchor Line, she atarted her maiden voyage on 12th Aug.1901 when she left Genoa for Leghorn, Naples and New York. From 1901 to 1915 she continued Mediterranean - New York voyages and then sailed on 27th Nov.1915 from Genoa for Leghorn, Naples, Messina, New York and Glasgow. Requisitioned in 1916 by the British Admiralty, she became a 'Q' ship with disguised armament, designed to lure enemy submarines to the surface. On 3rd Dec.1916 she was torpedoed and sunk by a submarine in the Gulf of Genoa.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.465]

PERUVIAN 1863
Built by R.Steele & Co, Greenock in 1863 for the Allan Line, she was a 2549 gross ton ship, length 312.1ft x beam 38.6ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 100-1st class and 600-3rd class passengers. An attempted launch was made on 21st Aug. 1863 but she stuck on the slipway and the launch was completed on 31st Aug. 1863. She sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Portland on 31st March 1864 and commenced her first run from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal on 12th May 1864. First voyage from Liverpool to Halifax, Norfolk and Baltimore commenced 11th Aug. 1871. In 1874 she was lengthened to 373.1ft, 3038 tons and her engines compounded, and on 14th July 1874 resumed the Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal service. On 26th April 1887 resumed Liverpool - Baltimore service and in 1890-1891 was fitted with new compound engines and given a second funnel. Commenced a Glasgow - Boston service on 6th Feb. 1891 and a Glasgow - New York service on 9th June 1893. She commenced her last voyage from Glasgow - New York on 7th Dec. 1894 and resumed Glasgow - Boston run on 18th Jan. 1895. On 6th May 1902 she started a Liverpool - St.Johns NF - Halifax run, starting her last voyage on 7th Nov. 1903 and was finally scrapped in Italy in 1905. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor.vol.1, p.310]

PESARO / MOLTKE 1901
Built as the MOLTKE by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1901 for the Hamburg America Line. Her details were 12,335 gross tons, length 525.6ft x beam 62.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 390-1st, 230-2nd and 550-3rd class passengers. Launched on 27/8/1901, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Boulogne, Southampton and New York on 2/3/1902. On 3/4/1906 she commenced her first sailing between Naples, Genoa and New York and her last voyage, Genoa - Naples - New York - Genoa on 23/6/1914. She was interned at Genoa in 1914 and on 25/5/1915 she was seized by Italy and renamed PESARO. She commenced her first voyage for the Italian company, Lloyd Sabaudo, on 23/4/1919 when she sailed from Genoa for Marseilles and New York. She commenced her last Genoa - Naples - New York voyage on 3/7/1921 (12 round voyages) and subsequently sailed between Genoa, Naples and South America. She was scrapped in 1925 in Italy. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.407]

PHILADELPHIA (ex-CITY OF PARIS) / PARIS / YALE / HARRISBURG 1888
The second CITY OF PARIS was a 10,499 gross ton ship, length 527.6ft x beam 63.2ft, clipper bows, three funnels, three masts (rigged for sail), twin screw, speed 20 knots. Accommodation for 540-1st, 200-2nd and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Built by J.& G. Thomson, Glasgow, she was launched for the Inman Line of Liverpool on 23rd Oct.1888 and started her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Queenstown and New York on 3rd Apr.1889. She made several record voyages to New York and in 1893 went to the American Line and was renamed PARIS. She sailed between New York and Southampton under the American flag and for a short while in 1898 became the US armed cruiser YALE before resuming her previous name and service. Rebuilt in 1899 with two funnels, she was then renamed PHILADELPHIA and continued New York - Southampton / Liverpool sailings. In 1918 she became the US transport HARRISBURG, and in 1920 reverted to PHILADELPHIA. Sold to the New York - Naples SS Co in 1922, she sailed from New York to Gibraltar and Naples where she was seized for debt and was sold and scrapped the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.245]

PHOEBE 1851
This was a 613 ton ship with a clipper stem, one tall thin funnel, and three masts (barque rigged for sail). She was built by Alexander Denny, Dumbarton in 1851 for P.P.Brennan & Co, Liverpool but sold to Preston & Co, Liverpool. In 1857 she was acquired by the Union Line (which later combined with the Castle Line to become the Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co). She was used on their Southampton - Plymouth - Cape Town mail service until 1861, when she was sold to the New Zealand Steam Shipping Co. In 1876 she was absorbed into the Union S.S.Co of New Zealand and in 1878 was sold to Newcastle, New South Wales owners. In 1901 she was hulked and was scrapped in 1904. [The Cape Run by W.H.Mitchell and L.A.Sawyer]

PHOENICIA 1895
7,155 gross tons, 460ft x 52ft, one funnel, four masts, single screw, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 60-1st and 2,000-3rd class passengers.
Built 1894 by Blohm and Voss, Hamburg for the Hamburg America Line, she started her maiden voyage on 15th Jan,1895 from Hamburg to Havre and New York. On 11th Apr.1902 she commenced her first Genoa - Naples - New York voyage and made her seventh and last sailing on this service on 31st May 1903. Her last Hamburg - Dover - New York sailing was on 29th Oct.1904 and she was then sold to the Imperial Russian Navy and renamed KRONSTADT. 1918 seized by Germany renamed FLEISS. 1919 returned to Russia and reverted to KRONSTADT. 1920 sailed to Bizerta with the remainder of the Russian Black Sea fleet. 1921 taken over by the French Navy, renamed VULCAIN and used as a fleet repair ship. 1937 scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.401] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

PHOENICIAN / ST. DAVID 1864
The PHOENICIAN was a 1516 gross ton ship, length 272ft x beam 34.3ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Accommodation for 30-1st and 350-3rd class passengers. Built by Barclay & Curle, Glasgow, she was launched as the ST. DAVID for the Allan Line 4th Jun.1864. Her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal started on 21st Jul.1864 and she started her last Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal sailing on 24th Sep.1872. In 1873 she was lengthened to 334.9ft, 2,356 gross tons, re-engined and renamed PHOENICIAN. She resumed Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal voyages under this name on 12th Jun.1873 and on 5th Dec.1876 started her first Glasgow - South America sailing. On 14th Nov.1879 she commenced her first Glasgow - Halifax - Boston voyage and on 5th Jun.1884 started her first sailing from Glasgow to Philadelphia. Again re-engined in 1888, she commenced her last North Atlantic voyage from Glasgow to Boston on 9th Aug.1888 and was subsequently used on the South America service. Her final voyage started from Glasgow to Montevideo and Buenos Aires on 22nd Jul.1903 and in 1905 she was scrapped at Genoa. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.311]

PICKHUBEN / GEORGIA / HOUSATONIC 1892
Built in 1892 as the PICKHUBEN by Barclay, Curle & Co, Glasgow for the Hansa Line of Hamburg, she was a 3,143 gross ton ship, length 331ft x beam 41.1ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 10-1st and 620-3rd class. Launched on 13/11/1890, she sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on 15/4/1891. Taken over by the Hamburg America Line in March 1892, she commenced her first Hamburg - New York voyage on 17/4/1892, but subsequently sailed mostly to Montreal. In 1895 she was renamed GEORGIA and started her first Stettin - Helsingborg - Gothenburg - Christiansand - New York sailing on 24/4/1895. On 11/11/1897 she commenced her last Stettin - New York voyage and on 2/4/1900 started Genoa - Naples - New York sailings. Her last voyage on this service commenced on 2/3/1902 and on 7/5/1902 she transferred to the Odessa - Constantinople - Smyrna - Piraeus - New York route. Her seventh and last voyage on this service started on 13/3/1904. In 1914 she took refuge in the US, but was seized by the authorities in 1917 and became the HOUSATONIC. Operated by the United States Shipping Board, she was torpedoed and sunk on 3/2/1918 by the German submarine U.53 south of the Scilly Isles. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.398] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

PICQUA / KENKON MARU No.2. / KOYEI MARU 1882
1,796 gross tons, length 277.5ft x beam 34.6ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool (engines by Fawcett, Preston & Co, Liverpool), she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool in Jan.1882. Maiden voyage 12th Apr.1882 between Catania, Messina, Palermo and New York. Continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until 1905 when she was sold to Japan and renamed KENKON MARU No.2. In 1921 she became the KOYEI MARU and on 21st May 1924 sank off the Japanese coast. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1018]

PILSUDSKI 1934
The PILSUDSKI was a motorship built in 1934 by Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Monfalcone, Italy for the Gdynia America Line of Poland. She was a 14,294 gross ton vessel, length 498.8ft x beam 70.8ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for 370-tourist class and 400-3rd class passengers. Launched on 19/12/1934, she left Gdynia on her maiden voyage to Copenhagen and New York on 15/9/1935. She commenced her last voyage Gdynia - Copenhagen - Halifax - New York on 11/8/1939. At the outbreak of war, she was converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser, but was sunk on 26/11/1939 near the mouth of the River Humber by a mine laid by German destroyers, while on passage from the Tyne to Australia. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4, p.1599]

PISA / ASCUTNEY 1896
The PISA was a 4,967 gross ton ship, built by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow in 1896 for the Sloman Line. Her details were - length 389.1ft x beam 46.1ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. Accommodation was provided for 40-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 24/11/1896, she sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to New York on 20/5/1897. In 1903 she was chartered by Hamburg America Line and commenced Hamburg - New York sailings for this company on 4/11/1903. On 5/1/1904 she started a single round voyage between Odessa, Constantinope, Smyrna, Piraeus and New York and on 9/1/1907 was purchased by Hamburg America Line. She resumed Hamburg - New York sailings on 14/2/1907 and on 14/4/1911 started her first Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal voyage. On 29/8/1913 she commenced her last voyage on this service, and on 11/4/1914 started her last Hamburg - New York sailing. On 22/6/1914 she sailed from Batum for Constantinople, Smyrna, Piraeus and New York (arr.22/7/1914) and took refuge there until April 1917 when she was seized by the US Authorities. She then became the US Government ship ASCUTNEY until 1934 when she was scrapped at Boston, Mass. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.409]

PITTSBURGH / PENNLAND 1920
The PENNLAND was a 16,322 gross ton ship, built as the PITTSBURGH by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the American Line. Her details were - length 574.4ft x beam 67.8ft, two funnels, two masts, triple screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 600-cabin and 1,500-3rd class passengers. Laid down in Nov.1913, her building was delayed by the war and she wasn't launched until 11th Nov.1920. Her maiden voyage commenced 6th Jun.1922 when she left Liverpool for Philadelphia and Boston under charter to the White Star Line. In Nov.1922 she rescued the crew of the Italian MONTE GRAPPA which had been abandoned in sinking condition in the North Atlantic. On 1st Dec.1922 she started her first Bremen - Southampton - Halifax - New York sailing, and on 25th Nov.1923 started her first Hamburg - Southampton - Halifax - New York voyage. On 20th Jan.1925 she was chartered to Red Star Line and commenced Antwerp - Southampton - Halifax - New York sailings. Renamed PENNLAND, she started her first voyage under this name on the same route on 2nd Apr.1926 and in Jan.1930 was refitted to carry tourist and 3rd class. Her last Antwerp - Havre - Southampton - New York - Havre - London - Antwerp voyage started on 16th Nov.1934 and she then went to Bernstein Red Star Line of Hamburg. Reconditioned at Kiel to carry 486 tourist passengers, she started Antwerp - Southampton - New York voyages on 10th May 1935. Her last sailing on this service started in April 1939 and she was then sold to Holland America Line. She resumed Antwerp - Southampton - New York voyages in June 1939. On 10th Mar.1940 she sailed from Antwerp for New York and Antwerp and in April 1940 made her final Antwerp - Dunkirk - New York crossing. Taken over by the British Ministry of War Transport, she served as a troopship until 25th Apr.1941 when she was bombed and sunk by German aircraft in the Gulf of Athens. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.768]

PLANTYN 1879
The PLANTYN was built in 1879 by A.Stephen & Sons, Glasgow for the Belgian company, Engels Line. She was a 2,328 gross ton ship, length 320.3ft x beam 36ft, straight stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Launched on 17/9/1879, she left Glasgow on her maiden voyage to New York and Antwerp on 1/10/1879. On 27/11/1879 she commenced her first Antwerp - New York voyage for the Engels/White Cross Line joint service. Her last voyage from Antwerp to New York commenced 19/10/1883 and she was abandoned at sea while on passage from New York to Antwerp. Most of her passengers and crew were saved by the Jersey brigantine G.D.T. and she sank the same day. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.996]

PLASSY 1901
Official No.109259, 7,405 gross tons, length 450.3ft x beam 54.2ft, two funnels, two masts, two triple expansion three cylinder engines, twin screw, speed 16 knots. Accommodation for 114-1st and 87-2nd class passengers. Designed for the intermediate passenger service, but used almost exclusively as a trooper and hospital ship. Launched on 23rd Nov.1900 by Caird & Co, Greenock (Yard No.296) for the P & O Steam Navigation Co and delivered on 9th Jan.1901. 25th Sep.1906 seriously damaged in collision with the steamer MASTERFUL while berthed at Southampton. Repaired and returned to service. July 1924 sold and scrapped at Genoa. [P & O. A Fleet History by Rabson & O'Donoghue]

PLATO / TIGER 1857
Official No.18159, 651 gross tons, length 213.4ft x beam 27.5ft, iron hull, clipper bows, single screw. Built in 1857 by Brownlow, Pearson & Co, Hull as the TIGER for their own account and in 1870 the owners became Brownlow, Marsdin & Co. Rebuilt to 804 tons and lengthened to 249.4ft the same year, and in 1874 she was fitted with new engines. In 1878 she was acquired by Thos.Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull and used on the Baltic/North Sea to UK services. Renamed PLATO on 26th Mar.1889 and on 13th Nov.1896 she was sold to Furness Withy & Co, West Hartlepool. 1896 sold to C.B.Ellis & A.W.Edwards, London. 1899 sold to T.Ronaldson & Co, London. 1901 sold to Antwerp Steamship Co, London. Dec.1902 sold for scrapping and broken up at Zwijndrecht, Holland.[Wilson Line by John Harrower]

PLATO 1868
The PLATO was a 1,013 gross ton ship, length 31ft x beam 29.1ft, iron hull, one funnel, two masts. Official No.60144. Built by C.& W. Earle, Hull for Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co, Hull, she was launched in August 1868. On 24th Oct.1870 she was lost in the Bay of Biscay in unknown circumstances, but wreckage bearing her name was found on the coast of Penmarch. [The Wilson Line of Hull 1831-1981 by A.G.Credland and M.Thompson][Wilson Line by John Harrower]

PLEIADES 1869
1,210 gross tons, length 63,89m x beam 10,10m, three masted, iron hulled, ship-rigged vessel. Built by A. McMillan & Son, Dumbarton in 1869. Acquired off charter in 1873 by Shaw, Savill & Co, she was wrecked on the east coast of New Zealand on 31st Oct.1899. Caught by a gale on a lee shore, her captain had to beach her, and although undamaged, she could not be refloated. Brief details of the PLEIADES from Merchant Fleets, by Duncan Haws, vol.10, Shaw, Savill & Albion Line.

POCAHONTAS 1889
2,675 gross tons, length 300ft x beam 39.3ft, one funnel, two masts, steel hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by R. Stephenson & Co, Hebburn-on-Tyne, she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool on 31st Jan.1889. Maiden voyage 3rd Jun.1889 between Girgenti, Messina, Palermo and New York. Continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until 1905 when sold to Watts, Watts & Co, London. 1908 sold to Chinese Government. 1909 no longer registered, probably scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1018]

POCASSET 1889
2,676 gross tons, length 300ft x beam 39.2ft, one funnel, two masts, steel hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by R. Stephenson & Co., Hebburn-on-Tyne, she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co., Liverpool on 13th Apr.1889. Maiden voyage 2nd Jul.1889 from Genoa to Licata, Messina, Palermo and New York. Continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until 1905 when sold to Watts, Watts & Co., London. 1906 sold to Japan renamed YECHIGO MARU. 1931 scrapped.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3, p.1018]
The Mediterranean & NY SS Co. were mainly fruit carriers with a few passengers, but their ships were small and increased competion caused them to cease operations in 1905.

POLARIA 1882
The POLARIA was built by C.Mitchell & Co, Walker-on-Tyne in 1882 for the Carr Line of Hamburg. She was a 2,724 gross ton ship, length 300ft x beam 38.2ft, straight stem, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 1,100-3rd class passengers only. Launched on 21st Feb.1882, she sailed on her maiden voyage from Hamburg to New York on 27th Apr.1882. In April 1888 she made her last Hamburg - New York voyage for the Carr Line and in May of that year went to the Hamburg America Line with the rest of the Carr Line fleet. On 16th Jun.1888 she commenced her first Hamburg - New York crossing for her new owners and on 22nd Sep.1889 started sailings between Stettin and New York. She commenced her last voyage on this service (Stettin - New York)on 12th Mar.1893 (20 round voyages) and on 6th Jun.1895 started her last Hamburg - New York voyage. On 28th Aug.1895 she commenced her last Hamburg - Philadelphia - Baltimore crossing. In July 1903 she went to a British company and later the same year was resold to German owners and scrapped in 1904 at Hamburg. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.395]

POLLUX / NEDJAT 1870
POLLUX 1,523 gross tons, length 349.7ft x beam 38.4ft, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots, accommodation for 45-1st and 500-3rd class passengers. Launched on 27th Aug.1870 by A & J. Inglis, Glasgow for Koninklijke Nedelandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij (Royal Netherlands SS Co.), Amsterdam, she started a single round voyage between Marseilles. Menton, Gibraltar and New York on 8th Aug.1872. On 13th Feb.1879 she started one Catania - Messina - Palermo - New York - Amsterdam voyage and on 31st Mar.1880 commenced one Rotterdam - Plymouth - New York voyage. She started regular Amsterdam - New York sailings on 3rd Mar.1881 and made 13 round voyages on this route. After discussions with the Holland America Line, the company agreed to withdraw from the Amsterdam - New York trade after 1882 and their ships were transferred to other routes. The POLLUX was re-engined in 1895 and used on other services until 1907 when she was sold to Turkey and renamed NEDJAT. 1st Oct.1915 sunk by Russian naval gunfire off Kozli, in the Black Sea. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3, p.1068 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

POLYNESIA 1881
2,196 gross tons, length 300ft x beam 38.2ft, one funnel, two masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. There was accommodation for 950-3rd class passengers. Built by C. Mitchell & Co, Walker-on-Tyne (engines by Wallsend Slipway Co), she was launched on 5th Nov.1881 for the Carr Line of Hamburg. She started her maiden voyage when she left Hamburg on 27th Dec.1881 for New York, and her last voyage on this service started on 29th Mar.1888. In May 1888 she came under the ownership of the Hamburg America Line and resumed Hamburg - New York sailings on 31st May 1888. On 27th Apr.1889 she started Stettin - New York sailings and commenced her 19th and last voyage on this route on 29th May 1892. She resumed Hamburg - New York sailings on 13th Jul.1892 and on 11th Aug.1894 left Hamburg on her last voyage to Baltimore. Sold to British owners on 30th Jul.1903, she was resold to Germans later the same year. In 1904 she became Italian owned and was sunk by a mine near Reggio, Italy on 28th Aug.1921.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.395]

POLYNESIAN / LAURENTIAN 1872
The POLYNESIAN was built by R.Steele & Co, Greenock in 1872 for the Montreal Ocean SS Co. She was a 3,983 gross ton ship, length 400ft x beam 42.5ft, straight stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 120-1st and 850-3rd class passengers. Launched on 12th Feb. 1872, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on 3rd. Oct. 1872. She started her last voyage on this service on 23rd July 1891 and on 8th Dec. 1891 commenced the first of two round voyages between Liverpool and Baltimore. In 1893 she was rebuilt to 4,522 gross tons, fitted with triple-expansion engines by Workman, Clark & Co., Belfast, one mast removed and given accommodation for 36-1st and 1,000-3rd class passengers. Renamed LAURENTIAN, she resumed Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailings on 27th April 1893. On 31st August 1899 she commenced her first Glasgow - New York voyage and started her last voyage on this route on 10th Feb. 1905. She started her first Glasgow - Boston sailing on 17th March 1905 and her first Glasgow - Philadelphia voyage on 22nd April 1905. In 1906 she was refitted to carry 2nd and 3rd class passengers only and on 20th August 1909 made her last Glasgow - Boston sailing. She was wrecked at Trepassey Bay, Newfoundland on 6th Sept. 1909 with no loss of life. [North Atlantic Seaway by  N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.314]

POMERANIAN / GRECIAN MONARCH 1882
The POMERANIAN was a 4,364 gross ton ship, built in 1882 by Earle's Shipbuilding Co, Hull as the GRECIAN MONARCH for the Monarch Line. Her details were - length 381ft x beam 43.8ft, one funnel, four masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 40-1st, 60-2nd and 1,000-3rd class. Launched on 6/5/1882, she sailed from London for New York on her maiden voyage on 13/8/1882. Her last voyage on this service started on 26/11/1886 and she was sold to the Allan Line in 1887 and renamed POMERANIAN. On 8/9/1887 she commenced her first London - Montreal sailing and on 24/8/1889 transferred to the Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal service. She started her first Glasgow - New York voyage on 10/4/1891 and on 4/2/1893 was badly damaged by heavy seas, with the loss of 12 lives. She returned to Glasgow where she was rebuilt and her masts reduced to two. On 11/5/1893 she resumed Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal sailings and in 1902 was refitted to carry 2nd and 3rd class passengers only. She resumed London - Montreal sailings on 6/5/1905 and on 9/5/1912 commenced her first Liverpool - Philadelphia crossing. Her first Glasgow - Liverpool - Philadelphia voyage started on 15/6/1912 and on 19/12/1912 she resumed London - St John NB - Halifax voyages. On 15/4/1914 she transferred back to Glasgow - Liverpool - Philadelphia sailings and on 26/12/1914 sailed Glasgow - Halifax - Portland. In 1917 she came under the ownership of Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, and was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine UC.77 near Portland Bill on 15/4/1918 with the loss of 45 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.317]

POMMERANIA 1873
The POMMERANIA was a 3382 gross ton ship, length 360.3ft x beam 40ft (109.80m x 12.20m), one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 13 knots. Accommodation for 100-1st, 70-2nd and 600-3rd class passengers. Built by Caird & Co, Greenock, she was launched for the Hamburg America Line on 26th Jul.1873 and started her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Southampton and New York on 3rd Dec.1873. Her last voyage from Hamburg to Havre and New York started 23rd Oct.1878 and on 26th Nov.1878 she was sunk in collision with the sailing ship MOEL EILIAN near Folkestone with the loss of 50 lives. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.391]

PONCA / JUSTIN 1881
1,744 gross tons, length 278ft x beam 34.4ft, one funnel. two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by A.Hall & Co, Aberdeen (enginesFawcett, Preston & Co, Liverpool), she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool on 3rd Nov.1880. Maiden voyage 28th Mar.1881 from Palermo to Messina and New York and continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until being sold to French owners in 1890 when she was renamed JUSTIN. On 28th Jul.1905 she was wrecked near Brest.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1018]

PONTIAC 1879
1,745 gross tons, length 267.6ft x beam 33.4ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool (engines by Fawcett, Preston & Co, Liverpool), she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool in Apr.1879. Maiden voyage started 12th Jul.1879 from Palermo to New York and she continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until being sold to the British company Atlantic & Eastern in 1903. Torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on 21st Apr.1917 while 56 miles from Fastnet.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3.p.1018]

POONAH 1862
POONAH 2152 gross tons, length 335ft x beam 41ft, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail) iron hull, single screw, speed 12 knots. Built 1862 for the P&O Line by Thames Shipbuilding Co, Blackwall, London, she was launched on Nov.8th 1862 and was used on the Southampton - Alexandria service. (Blondin walked a tightrope between her main and mizzen masts while she was at sea!). Lengthened in 1875 to 414ft, and fitted with new engines, she was then used on the Suez-Calcutta run. Sold in 1889 she was scrapped in 1892.

PORTHOS 1915
12,633 gross tons, length 511ft x beam 61.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots, accommodation for 112-1st, 96-2nd and 90-3rd class passengers and 1,300 troops.
Built 1915 by Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux for Cie.des Messageries Maritimes and used on the Marseilles - Saigon - Haiphong service. In Nov.1915 she came into Government service until 1919 whenshe was returned to owners and used initially on the Marseilles - Japan route and then resumed Saigon, Haiphong service. Sep.1939 requisitioned for trooping to Madagascar. 8th Nov.1942 shelled and sunk by USS MASSACHUSETTS during Allied invasion at Casablanca. 1945 salvaged and scrapped.

PORT ALBANY / OREGON STAR 1914
5,714 gross tons, length 426ft x beam 54ft, single screw, 13 knots. Carried six lifeboats so probably carried some passengers. Built 1914 and launched for Anglo-Australasian SN Co, but completed for Commonwealth & Dominion Line. 1929 sold to Blue Star Line renamed OREGON STAR, 1932 caught fire at Hebburn during refit, burnt out, laid up and scrapped 1934.

PORT BOWEN 1919
8,267 tons, length 481ft x beam 62.4ft, twin screw, 14 knots. Only four lifeboats so doubtful if she carried passengers. 1919 Built for Commonwealth & Dominion Line by Workman, Clarke & Co, Belfast. 19th July 1939 went aground on Castleshore Beach, NZ, constructive total loss and scrapped where she lay.

PORT DARWIN 1884
The PORT DARWIN was a 2,517 gross ton steamer,300ft x 37.4ft, single screw, speed 10 knots, built 1884 by A. Leslie & Co, Newcastle for the Anglo-Australasian S.N. Co (Wm. Milburn). She had accommodation for 34-saloon plus 3rd class passengers. Used on the Australia service until 1892 when sold to Coote & Ridley, London. 1900 sold to F. Morgan, London. 1905 wrecked off Vigo, Spain on voyage North Africe to Rotterdam with a cargo of minerals [Merchant Fleets vol.21 by Duncan Haws]

PORT FAIRY / DONA MARIA / ITALIAN 1887
The DONA MARIA was built by Wigham Richardson & Co, Walker-on-Tyne. She was a 2,539 gross ton ship, length 330ft x beam 38.3ft, one funnel, three masts, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was accommodation for 50-1st and 700-3rd class passengers. Launched on 18th Oct.1887 as the PORT FAIRY for the Anglo-Australasian Steam Navigation Co of Newcastle, she sailed from London on her maiden voyage to Melbourne and Sydney on 2nd Jan.1888. After this one voyage, she was sold to the Portuguese owned Andresen Line and renamed DONA MARIA. Her first voyage for these owners started on 19th Nov.1892 when she left Lisbon for the Azores and New York. She started her last sailing on this service when she left Oporto for Lisbon, Azores and New York on 21st Nov.1903. In 1907 she was sold to the Booth Line of Liverpool, resumed her original name of PORT FAIRY, and was employed on the Liverpool - River Amazon ports service. Sold to Ellerman Lines in 1909 and renamed ITALIAN, she was finally scrapped at Preston in 1913. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M.Maber] [North Atlantic seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1196] [South Atlantic seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PORT HUNTER 1922
8,437 gross tons, length 500.5ft x beam 60.3ft,twin screw, speed 14 knots, refrigerated cargo space. Launched 14th Mar.1922 by Workman, Clark & Co., Belfast for the Commonwealth & Dominion Line Ltd which became the Port Line in 1937. In June 1942 she left Liverpool for New Zealand in convoy OS 33 with 5 passengers and general cargo, including ammunition. She left the convoy on 11th June to proceed independently to the Panama Canal, but was shadowed and torpedoed by U.582 (Schulte) while 500 miles northwest of Sierra Leone in position 31.00N 24.00W. All that the remaining convoy members saw was a tremendous flash on the horizon as the PORT HUNTER blew up. The Master, Capt. J. B. Bradley, 67 crew, 14 gunners and the 5 passengers were lost. 3 crew members who had been sleeping on deck were blown overboard and rescued by HMS PELICAN.

PORT KINGSTON 1904 / TAHITI 1911
7585 gross tons, length 460ft x beam 55.5ft (140.21m x 16.92m), one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots. Built with accommodation for 160-1st and 60-2nd class passengers. Built by Alex Stephen & Sons, Glasgow, she was launched as the PORT KINGSTON on 19th Apr.1904 for Elder Dempster & Co's Imperial Direct West India Mail Service between Avonmouth, Bermuda and Kingston, Jamaica. Laid up in 1910 when the service ceased, she was sold to the Union SS Co of New Zealand in 1911, renamed TAHITI and fitted with accommodation for 277-1st, 97-2nd and 141-3rd class passengers. Used on the Sydney - Wellington - Raratonga - Tahiti - San Francisco service. Chartered to the New Zealand Government in 1914, she was converted to a troopship and trooped mainly to Marseilles and Gallipoli, with three voyages to the UK. In 1918 she trooped between the USA and Europe and then came under the control of the British Transport Service. Used in 1918 for the repatriation of troops to NZ and of British troops from India to the UK, she was then returned to her owners and refitted. She resumed the NZ - Vancouver service in 1920. On 15th Aug.1930, her propeller shaft snapped 400 miles off Raratonga and tore a large hole in her stern plates. Several ships came to her rescue and all passengers, crew, mails, bullion and baggage were saved before she sank two days later. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.20, Elder Dempster Lines]

PORT LINCOLN / CAMBRIAN BARONESS / CLAN GRAHAM / MARITIMA 1912
7,243 gross tons, length 426ft x beam 54ft, single srew, 13 knots. Carried 600-steerage class passengers in 'tween deck dormitories. Built in 1912 by Hawthorn Leslie, Newcastle for the Anglo-Australasian SN Co, transferred to Commonwealth & Dominion Line in 1914. 1927 sold to William Thomas Shipping Co, London renamed CAMBRIAN BARONESS. 1929 Became CLAN GRAHAM for Clan Line. 1938 Sold to Neil & Pandelis, London renamed MARITIMA, 2nd Nov.1942 torpedoed and sunk by U.522 500 miles NE St Johns NF.

PORT MACQUARIE / CAMBRIAN MARCHIONESS / STANGRANT 1912
7236 gross tons, length 426ft x beam 54.1ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 13 knots. Accommodation for 600-steerage class passengers. Built by R.& W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co, Newcastle, she was launched for the Anglo- Australasian Steam Navigation Co in July 1912 and delivered in September. Used under contract to the Government of Victoria for the transport of emigrants to Melbourne. In 1914 she transferred to the ownership of the newly formed Commonwealth & Dominion Line (Port Line) and in 1927 was sold to the William Thomas Shipping Co and renamed CAMBRIAN MARCHIONESS. Sold to the Stanhope Shipping Co, London in 1939 and renamed STANGRANT, she was torpedoed and sunk on 13th Oct.1940 by the German submarine U.37, while 220 miles West of the Butt of Lewis with the loss of 8 lives. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M. Maber] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.21, Port Line]

PORT MARIA / MUSTAPHA / TOCRA 1901
2,910 gross tons, clipper bows, passenger ship, length 334.7ft x beam 40.2ft, single screw, speed 14 knots. Built 1901 by Ramage & Ferguson Ltd, Leith (Yard No.171) for Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co (Elder, Dempster & Co), Bristol. 1910 sold to Cie. de Navigation Mixte, Marseilles renamed MUSTAPHA (Made one sailing to Algiers and then laid up as uneconomic), 1913 sold to "Sicilia" Societa di Navigazione, Palermo renamed TOCRA, 1924 owned by Soc. di Nav. Italia, Palermo, 1925 sold to Cia Italiana Transatlantica, Genoa, 1932 under the reorganization of Italian passenger shipping, she was transferred to "Tirrenia" (Flotte Riuniti Florio-Citra), Naples. 1933 scrapped at Spezia by Cantieri di Portovenere S.A. [Information from Registers of Merchant Ships Completed by Starke / Schell.]

PORT PIRIE 1886
3,020 gross tons, 353.5ft x 39.4ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), single screw, speed 10 knots. Built 1886 by R & W. Hawthorn, Leslie & Co, Hebburn for W. Milburn & Co., Newcastle and London. 1887 transferred to the Anglo-Australasian Steam Navigation Co. (W. Milburn, manager), London. Oct.1897 sold to Prince Line, Newcastle renamed SPANISH PRINCE. Oct.1900 sold to Cia. Cantabrica de Nav., Bilbao, Spain renamed GUERNICA. 10th Feb.1902 sank in Bay of Biscay after springing a leak on voyage Cardiff to Genoa with coal.[Port Line by H. C. Spong contains photo of the ship]

PORT VICTOR 1885
2,793 gross tons, length 336ft x beam 38.2ft, single screw, speed 10 knots, built 1885 by A, Leslie & Co., Hebburn-on-Tyne for W. Milburn & Co. (Anglo-Australasian S.N. Co) 26th Nov.1886 first voyage London via the Cape to Melbourne and Sydney. Last passenger voyage 5th Aug.1891, subsequently cargo only. 1898 sold to United States Army and renamed McLELLAN. 1918 transferred to U.S. Shipping Board. 1919 sold to Lloyd Royal Belge S.A., Antwerp renamed HASTIER. 3rd Nov.1920 caught fire at Antwerp and scuttled. 1921 salvaged and laid up. 1922 scrapped at Antwerp.

PORT WYNDHAM 1935
8,580 gross tons, 495ft x 65.3ft, twin screw, speed 16 knots, refrigerated cargo ship. Built 1935 by John Brown & Co., Clydebank for the Commonwealth & Dominion Line Ltd, London. On 8th Sep.1937 she ran aground at Townsville and was refloated two days later with damage to propeller blades. Mar.1942 attacked by Focke-Wolf bomber, 700 miles from Ireland and two gunners wounded by machine gun fire. 11th Apr.1945 mined and damaged off Dungeness. Dec.1946 returned to normal peacetime service after extensive repairs and modernisation at Southampton. May 1956 while on voyage Dunedin to London & Glasgow, collided with tanker ESSO CHEYENNE off Dover in thick fog. 25th Nov.1959 ran aground in River Scheldt near Antwerp but refloated. 12th May 1966 sustained engine room fire at New Plymouth, engine room flooded, most of crew evacuated and port area sealed off until fire extinguished. On 9th Jan.1967 at the end of her seventieth voyage she left New Plymouth for demolition in Osaka, Japan. [Port Line by H. C. Spong]

POTOMAC 1872
The POTOMAC was a 1,832 gross ton steamship, length 262.8ft x beam 33.1ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built 1872 by London & Glasgow Co., Glasgow for Mercantile Steamship Co., she started her maiden voyage on 17th Sep.1872 when she left Liverpool for Philadelphia. In Sep.1873 she was chartered to Warren Line and commenced sailing between Liverpool and Boston. 21st Nov.1893 wrecked near Flamborough Head, Yorkshire.

POTOSI 1873
4,218 gross tons, length 422ft x beam 43.9ft, clipper bows, two funnels, three masts, single screw, speed 13 knots, accommodation for 80-1st, 110-2nd and 350-3rd class passengers. Launched 14th May 1873 by John Elder & Co, Glasgow for Pacific Steam Navigation Co's Birkenhead - Valparaiso service via Cape Horn. 1880 transferred to Orient Line management and started her first UK - Australia voyage on 7th July 1880. Her last Australia voyage started 26th May 1887 and she then reverted to the Valparaiso service. 1897 scrapped at Genoa.

POTSDAM / STOCKHOLM / SOLGLIMT / SONDERBURG 1899
This was a 12,606 gross ton ship, built in 1899 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg for the Holland-America Line. Her details were - length 550ft x beam 62ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 282-1st, 210-2nd and 1,800-3rd class passengers. Launched on 15/12/1899, she sailed from Rotterdam on her maiden voyage to New York on 17/5/1900. In 1904 her funnel was lengthened by 23 ft to improve draught and made this ship easily recognizable. She commenced her last voyage from Rotterdam to New York on 24/4/1915, and then went to the Swedish American Line and was renamed STOCKHOLM. She left Gothenburg on her first voyage for this company on 11/12/1915 and called at Kirkwall for contraband inspection on her way to New York. In 1922 she was reconditioned in Gothenburg, and her funnel reduced in height. Commenced her last voyage from Gothenburg to Halifax and New York on 29/9/1928 and in 1929 was converted to a Norwegian whale factory ship and renamed SOLGLIMT. In 1941 she was captured in the Antarctic by the German Armed Merchant Raider PINGUIN and taken to Bordeaux. Later the same year she was put under the German flag and renamed SONDERBURG. On 29/6/1944 she was scuttled by the Germans at Cherbourg, raised in 1947 and scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.912]

POWHATAN (1) / COMTE D'EU / NICTHEROY 1878
1,561 gross tons, length 267.5ft x beam 32.2ft, one funnel, two masts, iron hull, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built by T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool (engines by Fawcett, Preston & Co, Liverpool), she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool in Jan.1878. Her maiden voyage started 24th Apr.1878 when she left Palermo for Valencia and New York and she continued Mediterranean - New York voyages until commencing her last sailing on 6th Apr.1881 between Genoa, Messina, Palermo and New York. She was then sold to the French company Chargeurs Reunis and renamed COMTE D'EU. In 1887 she became the Portuguese owned IBO, and in 1899 became the Brazilian NICTHEROY. She was wrecked near Para, Brazil in Apr.1906. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.1017 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

POWHATAN (2) / RUPERT CITY / CHINTO MARU 1886
2,599 gross tons, length 310.3ft x beam 38.1ft, one funnel, two masts, steel hull, single screw, speed 11 knots. Built by Barrow Shipbuilding, Barrow, she was launched for the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Co, Liverpool on 19th Jun.1886. Her maiden voyage started 30th Sep.1886 from Liverpool to New York and the Mediterranean and she was then used mostly on Mediterranean - New York sailings. Sold to Watts, Watts & Co, London in 1905, and in 1908 was renamed RUPERT CITY for the same owners. In 1911 she was sold to Canada, and in 1914 became the Japanese owned CHINTO MARU. She was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine off southwest Spain on 4th Jan.1917. [North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.1018 by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PREGEL 1889
which sailed from 1889 to 1917 mostly between Hull and Copenhagen/Libau or Baltic - Copenhagen - Antwerp/ France/ Spain/ Mediterranean for DFDS Line. The route via Hull was a popular way for Scandinavian emigrants. She only carried 6 passengers and was wrecked in 1920.

PRESIDENT ADAMS 1922 see CENTENNIAL STATE 1921

PRESIDENT GRANT / SERVIAN / PRESIDENT BUCHANAN / REPUBLIC 1903
The PRESIDENT GRANT had a long and varied career. She was built in 1903 by Harland & Wolff at Belfast as the SERVIAN for Wilson and Furness - Leyland Line's North Atlantic service, which failed to materialise. Her details were - 18,072 gross tons, length 599ft x beam 68.2ft, one funnel, six masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. She had accommodation for 200-1st, 150-2nd, 704-3rd and 2,300-4th class passengers. Launched on 19/2/1903, she spent four years at anchor in the Musgrave Channel, Belfast until purchased by Hamburg America Line, who originally intended to name her BERLIN, but instead named her PRESIDENT GRANT. On 14/9/1907 she finally started her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Boulogne, Southampton and New York. In 1914, she took refuge in New York and on August 4th, was interned at Hoboken. Seized by the US authorities in 1917, when America entered the Great War, she operated as a US Navy transport. In October she transferred to the US Army, and made 20 voyages, and in 1920 was used to repatriate Czech troops from Vladivostok [where they had been fighting the Bolsheviks] via Suez to Trieste. In March 1921, she was handed over to the US Shipping Board, renamed PRESIDENT BUCHANAN and laid up until 1923, when she was refurbished and rebuilt with four masts by the Newport News Shipbuilding Co. Her tonnage was reduced to 17,910 and her accommodation altered to 600-cabin class and 600-3rd class passengers. In 1924 she went to the United States Line, who named her REPUBLIC, and on 29/4/1924 she commenced sailing between New York, Plymouth, Cherbourg and Bremen. In 1926, she was converted to carry cabin, tourist and 3rd class passengers and on 17/7/1931 she commenced her last voyage from Hamburg to Southampton, Cherbourg and New York. She then became a US Troopship and ran between San Francisco, Hawaii and Manila and from 1932-1941 was used between New York, Panama, San Francisco and Honolulu. In 1941 she was assigned to the US Navy as AP33 REPUBLIC and was used for Pacific trooping as far afield as Sydney, Australia. Returned to the army in 1945, she was converted at Mobile, Alabama to a Hague Convention Hospital ship and in February 1946, reverted to a troopship and was engaged on repatriation work. She was laid up later the same year, until 1951, when she was scrapped at Baltimore. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor vol.1., p.413] [Merchant Fleets in Profile by Duncan Haws vol.4, p.98]

PRESIDENT GRANT 1941 see CENTENNIAL STATE 1921

PRESIDENT HARDING 1922 see LONE STAR STATE 1920 / PRESIDENT TAFT 1922 / VILLE DE BRUGES 1940

PRESIDENT JACKSON / SILVER STATE / ZEILIN 1920
14,123 gross tons, length 535ft x beam 65.6ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots, accommodation for 260-1st and 300-3rd class passengers. 11th Dec.1920 launched by Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. as the SILVER STATE for the US Shipping Board, Seattle. From May 1921 she was managed by Admiral Oriental Line and used on the Seattle - Yokohama service. 1922 renamed PRESIDENT JACKSON. Apr.1926 sold to American Mail Line, Seattle and continued in trans-Pacific service. In 1940 she became a US Army transport and was renamed ZEILIN and in 1946 returned to the US Maritime Commission and her previous name of PRESIDENT JACKSON. 1948 Scrapped at Wilmington. [Great Passenger Ships of the World, vol.2 by Arnold Kludas - contains photo]

PRESIDENT LINCOLN / SCOTIAN 1903
The PRESIDENT LINCOLN was built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast in 1903. She was a 18,084 gross ton ship, length 598.8ft x beam 68.2ft, one funnel, six masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 202-1st, 153-2nd, 788-3rd and 2,300-4th class. Launched on 8th Oct.1903 as the SCOTIAN for Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, but was laid up until 1906 when she was purchased by Hamburg America Line. She started her first voyage from Hamburg on 1st Jun.1907 when she sailed for Boulogne, Plymouth and New York. Her last Hamburg - Boulogne - Southampton - New York crossing started on 25th July 1914 and she arrived new York on 5th August. Interned at Hoboken, NY, she was seized by US Authorities on 6th Apr.1917 and operated as a troopship. On 31st May 1918 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-90 in the North Atlantic with the loss of 26 lives, having recently unloaded 3,000 troops at Cherbourg.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.413][Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America, Adler and Carr Lines]

PRESIDENT LINCOLN / HOOSIER STATE / MARIA del CARMEN / CABO di BUENA ESPERANZA 1921
The "President Lincoln" was a 14,124 gross ton ship, built by New York Shipbuilding as the "Hoosier State" for the US Shipping Board. Her length was 535ft x beam 72ft, one funnel, three masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. Assigned to Pacific Mail Steamship Co., she started her first voyage from San Francisco to the Orient on 12th October 1921. In 1922 she was renamed "President Lincoln" and in 1925 was purchased by the Dollar Line. She resumed the same service for her new owners on 16th May 1925 and in 1938 was transferred to American President Lines. In 1940 she was sold to Berge & Co., and renamed "Maria del Carmen" and resold the same year to Ybarra y Cia, and renamed "Cabo di Buena Esperanza". She was eventually scrapped in Spain in 1958. [Pacific Liners 1927-72 by Frederick Emmons]

PRESIDENT MCKINLEY / KEYSTONE STATE / J. FRANKLIN BELL 1921
The PRESIDENT McKINLEY was a 14,124 gross ton ship, one funel, two masts, twin screw, speed 17 knots. Built by the New York Shipbuilding Co, Camden, NJ as the KEYSTONE STATE for the United States Shipping Board in 1921 and assigned to the Admiral-Orient Line. Her maiden voyage from Seattle to the Orient started 6th Aug.1921 and in 1922 she was renamed PRESIDENT McKINLEY. Transferred to the American Mail Line in 1926 and in Oct.1940 was converted to an Army transport and renamed J. FRANKLIN BELL. Commissioned as a Navy transport in April 1942, she was laid up at Suisun Bay, San Francisco in April 1946 and scrapped in 1948.[Pacific Liners by F. Emmons]

PRESIDENT PIERCE / HAWKEYE STATE / HUGH L. SCOTT 1920
The PRESIDENT PIERCE was a 12,579 gross ton ship built in 1920 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Sparrow's Point, Md. Her details were - length 517ft x beam 72.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 18 knots. She was laid down as the US troop transport BERRIEN but was launched on 17/4/1920 as the HAWKEYE STATE for the United States Shipping Board. In 1921 she ran between Baltimore - Panama Canal - California - Honolulu for the Matson Line and in 1922 ran for Pacific Mail Steamship Co. She was renamed PRESIDENT PIERCE in 1925 and ran transpacific services from San Francisco for the Dollar Steamship Line. On 19/11/1931 she commenced her first round-the-world voyage when she left New York for Panama Canal, California, Japan, China, Malaya, Ceylon, Suez Canal, Mediterranean and New York. She commenced the last of 5 voyages on this service on 2/6/1933. In 1938 she went to the American President Line and in 1941 became the US Navy ship HUGH L. SCOTT. She was torpedoed and sunk on 12/11/1942 by the German submarine U.130 off Casablanca while taking part in the Allied invasion of North Africa. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1571]

PRESIDENT POLK / GAUCHO MARTIN FIERRO / MINOTAUROS 1941
9255 gross tons, length 492ft x beam 67ft, speed 17 knots, accommodation for 96-1st class passengers. Ordered by American President Line from Newport News SB & DD Co/, she was launched in Nov.1941. Chartered by the US Navy in Sep.1943 as a transport (AP103) and carried 2090 troops. Returned to owners in Feb.1946 and used on round-the-world voyages from San Francisco and New York. 1965 sold and renamed GAUCHO MARTIN FIERRO, 1966 renamed MINOTAUROS, May 1970 scrapped at Taiwan. Info from "From America to United States, part 3" by L. Sawyer & W. Mitchell.

PRESIDENT TAFT / BUCKEYE STATE / GENERAL WILLARD A. HOLBROOK 1921
The "President Taft" was built by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Sparrows Point, Maryland as the "Buckeye State" in 1921. She was a 14,124 gross ton ship, length 535ft x beam 72ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. Built for the United States Shipping Board, she was assigned to Pacific Mail, renamed "President Taft" in 1922 and commenced sailings between San Francisco and the Orient on 12th Sept.1922. In 1925 she was bought by the Dollar Line and started her first San Francisco - Orient sailing for her new owners on 27th June 1925. In 1938 she was transferred to the American President Lines and in June 1941 was converted to an army transport and renamed "General Willard A.Holbrook". In Nov 1949 she was laid up in the James River and eventually scrapped in 1957. [Pacific Liners, 1927-72 by Frederick Emmons]

PRESIDENT WILSON / EMPIRE STATE / MARIA PIPA / CABO de HORNOS 1920
Built by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, NJ in 1920, she was a 12,599 gross ton ship, length 516.5ft x beam 72.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 18 knots. There was accommodation for 320-1st class passengers. Launched on 4/8/1920 as the "Empire State" for the United States Shipping Board, she was chartered to Pacific Mail and commenced her maiden voyage on 30/7/1921 when she left San Francisco for the Orient. In 1922 she was renamed "President Wilson" and continued on the same service. In 1925 she was purchased by the Dollar Line and used for the trans-Pacific service and in January 1927 sailed from San Francisco for Japan, China, Malaya, Ceylon, Suez Canal, Mediterranean and New York (arr.21/4/1922). On 24/4/1931 she started her last New York - round the world - New York voyage and resumed San Francisco - round the world - New York voyages in December 1935. On 13/2/1937 she commenced her last voyage from Los Angeles - round the world - New York sailing (arr.23/4/1937) and in 1938 was transferred to the American President Line. She was sold to Berge & Co., Spain in 1940 and renamed "Maria Pipa", resold to Ybarra & Cia, Spain the same year and renamed "Cabo de Hornos". Scrapped at Aviles, Spain in 1959. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1570] [Pacific Liners 1927-72 by Frederick Emmons]

PRESIDENTE WILSON / KAISER FRANZ JOSEF I / GANGE / MARCO POLO 1911
The "Presidente Wilson" was built by Cantiere Navale Triestino, Monfalcone (engines by D.Rowan & Co, Glasgow) for the Austrian Company, Unione Austriaca of Trieste. She was a 12,567 gross ton ship, length 477.5ft x beam 60.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for 125-1st, 550-2nd and 1,230-3rd class passengers. Launched on 9/9/1911 as the "Kaiser Franz Josef I", she sailed from Trieste on her maiden voyage to Buenos Aires in February 1912. On 25/5/1912 she started her first voyage from Trieste to Patras, Palermo, Algiers and New York, and commenced her last sailing on this service on 13/6/1914. At the outbreak of the war in August 1914, she was at Trieste, and after the war, Trieste changed from Austrian to Italian rule and the company changed to Cosulich Societa Triestina di Navigazione. In 1919 she was renamed "Presidente Wilson" and on 5/5/1919 commenced her first voyage from Genoa to Marseilles and New York under the Inter-Allied flag and carrying mostly troops. On 24/6/1919 she commenced her first sailing from Trieste to Messina, Naples and New York, also with a large number of troops. It was not until her third peacetime voyage, and her first under the Italian flag, that she left Trieste on 12/9/1919 for Patras, Naples and New York with 97-1st, 371-2nd and 623-3rd class passengers. Between 1925-26 she was converted to oil fuel, and in November 1929 she commenced her last sailing from Trieste to Naples, New York (dep.7/12/1929), Boston, Naples and Trieste. In 1930 she went to Lloyd Triestino and was renamed "Gange", and in 1936 went to Adriatica and was renamed "Marco Polo". On 12/5/1944 she was scuttled by the Germans at Spezia and in 1949-50 was refloated and scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1332]

PRETORIA 1897
The PRETORIA was built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1897 for the Hamburg America Line. She was a 12,800 gross ton ship, length 560ft x beam 62ft, straight stem, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 162-1st, 197-2nd and 2,382-3rd class passengers. Launched on 9/10/1897, she sailed from Hamburg on her maiden voyage to New York on 12/2/1898. In 1908 she collided with and sank the NIPPONIA in thick fog off Texel and in 1910 was rebuilt to 13,234 tons and with passenger accommodation for 400-2nd class and 2,200-3rd class. On 12/6/1914 she was slightly damaged in collision with the American ship NEW YORK, when 180 miles from the Nantucket lightship, and proceeded to Hamburg for repairs. In March 1919, she was surrendered to the USA and used as a US Government transport and on September 10th 1920 was ceded to Britain and operated by Ellerman Lines. In November 1921 she was scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.404] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line]

PRETORIA / EMPIRE DOON / EMPIRE ORWELL / GUNUNG DJATI 1936
17,362 gross tons, length 550ft x beam 72ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 18 knots. Built with accommodation for 152-1st and 338-tourist class passengers. Launched on 16th Jul.1936 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as the PRETORIA for the German East Africa Line, she started her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Cape Town on 19th Dec.1936 During the war, she was used as a naval accommodation ship for submarine crews and later as a hospital ship. In 1945 she was used in the German evacuation of Eastern Territories. Seized as a war prize at Copenhagen in May 1945, she was allocated to Britain, taken to Newcastle, refitted as a troopship and renamed EMPIRE DOON. Managed by the Orient Line on behalf of the Ministry of Transport, she experienced persistent trouble with her experimental German boilers and was eventually towed home from Port Said and laid up off Southend. Reboilered at Southampton, she was renamed EMPIRE ORWELL in Jan.1950 with accommodation for 1,500 troops. Laid up at Portland in 1957, she was sold to Alfred Holt & Co (Blue Funnel Line) the following year, refitted for the pilgrimage trade between Indonesia and Djeddah and renamed GUNUNG DJATI. Sold to Indonesia in 1962 and in 1979 was transferred to the Indonesian Navy, becoming the troopship KRI TANJUNG PANDAN. Scrapped at Taiwan in 1987. [The Empire Ships (second edition) by W.H.Mitchell & L.A.Sawyer]

PRETORIA CASTLE / WARWICK CASTLE 1939
17,383 gross tons, length 595ft x beam 76.4ft. twin screw, speed 18 knots, accommodation for 220-1st and 335-tourist class passengers. Launched on 12th Oct.1938 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for Union-Castle Mail SS Co she was delivered on 18th Apr.1939 and made her maiden voyage on the 'round Africa' service. On her second voyage she grounded in Delagoa Bay and damaged her rudder. Repaired in Durban, she was requisitioned and commissioned in Nov.1939 as an Armed Merchant Cruiser with 8 x 6 inch guns plus AA and machine guns. Based at Freetown, she was used on South Atlantic patrols. In 1942 she was replaced by one of the new light cruisers coming into service and was then sold to the Admiralty and converted into an aircraft carrier by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend. She then carried 4 x 4 AA, 16 x 2 pounders and 10 x 20 mm AA guns. Commissioned on 18th Mar.1943 she carried 15 aircraft and had one catapult. Used entirely as a training ship. Jan.1946 re-acquired by Union-Castle and rebuilt to her original specifications but renamed WARWICK CASTLE because a new mail liner was under construction which was to be given her old name. Accommodation for 180-1st and 335-tourist class passengers. She resumed commercial service on 13th Mar.1947 on the Cape mail run until larger ships completed their re-furbishing and in 1950 reverted to the 'round Africa' service. 26th Jul.1962 arrived at Barcelona for scrapping. [Merchant Fleets, vol.18 by Duncan Haws]

PRETORIAN 1900
The PRETORIAN was built by Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd, West Hartlepool for the Allan Line in 1900. She was a 6,948 gross ton ship, length 436.9ft x beam 53.1ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 50-1st, 150-2nd and 400-3rd class passengers. Launched on 22/12/1900, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Quebec and Montreal on 8/8/1901. On 18/6/1904 she transferred to the Glasgow - Quebec - Montreal service and in 1908 was rebuilt to 7,654 tons with accommodation for 280-2nd and 900-3rd class passengers. She subsequently sailed between Glasgow and Quebec-Montreal, Portland, Boston or Philadelphia until 1917 when she went to Canadian Pacific Ocean Services. After the Armistice, she sailed from Glasgow to St.John, NB. and between March and May 1919 was used to repatriate Belgian refugees. In May 1919, she sailed from London to Murmansk and Archangel and on 28/11/1919 resumed the Glasgow - St.John, NB. service.She commenced her last voyage on this service on 9/3/1922 and was laid up at Gareloch until 20/2/1926 when she was scrapped at Garston. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.321-2]

PRINCE ALBERT 1857
2,028 gross tons, length 286ft x beam 38ft, clipper bows, one funnel, three masts, iron hull, speed 10 knots. Built 1857 by Societe Cockerill, Antwerp as the DUC DE BRABANT for Societe Belge des Bateaux a Vapeur Transatlantique but was immediately renamed PRINCE ALBERT and was originally used as a Indian Mutiny transport and sailed London - India with troops. On 27th Jul.1858 she was chartered to the Galway Line and sailed Galway - New York. 20th Oct 1858 sold to J. O. Lever. 8th Feb.1859 sold to Atlantic RMSN Co. (Galway Line) and commenced Galway - New York sailings. Her thirteenth and last sailing on this route started on 21st May 1861. and she was then sold to Jose Yglesias, London. 1862 sold to A. Lopez y Cia, Havana and renamed ISLA DE CUBA. 1st Apr.1877 wrecked near Havana.

PRINCE GEORGE 1898
The PRINCE GEORGE was a 1,990 gross ton ship, length 290ft x beam 38ft, built by Earle & Co, Hull in 1898 for the Dominion Atlantic Railway. She arrived at Boston in Nov.1898 for use in the Boston - Yarmouth NS service. On 1st Jan.1912 the service and ships were leased by Canadian Pacific. Canadian Pacific were primarily interested in the Digby - Saint John route and disposed of the Yarmouth NS - Boston service by selling the BOSTON, PRINCE ARTHUR and PRINCE GEORGE to Eastern Steamship Corporation on 20th Aug.1912. She continued Bay of Funday services until 1931 when she was sold to Boston Iron & Metal Co for scrap.[Canadian Pacific by George Musk]

PRINCE GEORGE 1948
5,812 tons, built 1948 by Yarrows Ltd, Esquimalt, BC for Canadian National Steamships. 1976 sold to Wong Bros Enterprises, Nanaimo for conversion to floating restaurant. Subsequently owned by various companies until she caught fire on 14th Oct.1995 while laid up at Britannia Beach, BC. Heavily damaged and sold for scrap in China. 25th Oct.1996 sank in Unimak Pass while under tow to China.

PRINCE LEOPOLD 1816
111 gross ton brig, length 70.9ft x beam 18.95ft x depth 12ft, wooden hull. Built by Brocklebank, Whitehaven for Thos. & Jno. Brocklebank in 1816, her service was general but principally to Newfoundland and Brazil. On 18th Jan.1817 she grounded at Whitehaven in a gale, lost all her deck equipment and topmasts. There was 7ft of water in the holds, but she was salved. Sold to unknown owners in 1839 and to Capt. Dower, Drogheda in 1847. In 1849 she was deleted from Lloyds Register.
She was one of 23 'standard brigs' owned by Brocklebank's. They were bluff bowed, had a straight stem and transom stern and a modest quarter deck aft under which the accommodation was located. She carried a crew of 12, Master, First Mate, Carpenter, Sailmaker and 8 seamen and was primarily a cargo vessel. In 1818 some of the company's ships were fitted to carry some passengers which would also cause an increase in crew.[Merchant Fleets, vol.27 by Duncan Haws.]

PRINCESS JOAN / HERMES 1930
This was the PRINCESS JOAN. Launched by Fairfields, Govan on 4th Feb.1930, she was a 5251 gross tons ship, length 366ft x beam 52ft, speed 16 knots. Maiden voyage 15th Apr.1930 from the Clyde, via Panama, arrived Victoria 16th May 1930. She made her last night run from Victoria to Vancouver on 24th Feb.1959 and was withdrawn on 27th March. Sold to the Epirotiki Line in Dec.1960, renamed HERMES in 1961 and used on the Venice - Piraeus - Haifa service. Sold to L. Dupes & Assoc. Cyprus in 1970. Arrived Nigg Bay, Inverness on 22nd Oct.1973 and arrived Inverkeithing on 29th Aug.1974 for scrapping by T. W. Ward Ltd. [Canadian Pacific by George Musk]

PRINCIPE DE PIEMONTE / PRINCIPELLO / FOLIA 1907
6,560 gross tons, length 430ft x beam 52.7ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 120-1st and 1,900-3rd class passengers. Launched 20th Jan.1907 by Sir James Laing & Sons, Sunderland for Lloyd Sabaudo, Turin she started her maiden voyage on 19th Jun.1907 when she left Genoa for Naples, Palermo and New York. 12th Dec.1913 last voyage Genoa - Naples - Palermo - New York. 1914 sold to Uranium Line renamed PRINCIPELLO. 14th Feb.1914 first voyage Rotterdam - Halifax - New York. 8th Sep.1914 last voyage Rotterdam - Halifax - New York - Montreal - UK. 9th Apr.1915 first voyage Avonmouth - Halifax - New York. 26th May 1915 last voyage ditto. 1916 sold to Cunard Line renamed FOLIA. 2nd Feb.1917 last voyage Avonmouth - New York. 11th Mar.1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.53 four miles from Youghal, Ireland (7) .[North Atlantic Seaway, vol.3,p.1367 by N.R.P. Bonsor]

PRINCIPELLO 1914 see PRINCIPE DE PIEMONTE 1907

PRINS MAURITS 1900
2,121 gross ton passenger / cargo ship, 284ft x 38.0ft, single screw, speed 10 knots. Built 1900 by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg for Koninklijke, West-Indische Maildienst, Amsterdam. 3rd Apr.1915 foundered in a hurricane 90 miles off Cape Hatteras (36.10N 74.01W) on voyage New York - Cap Haitien with passengers and general cargo. 49 lives lost.

PRINZ ADALBERT / / PRINCETOWN / ALESIA 1903
SS Prinz Adalbert. She was built in 1902 by Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack for the Hamburg America Line. Dimensions were 6030 gross tons, length 403.3ft x beam 49.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 13 knots. She carried 60 1st class and 1200 3rd class passengers. Maiden voyage 1903 Hamburg - Brazil, 1904 Genoa - Naples - New York, 1909 Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal, 1910 Hamburg - Philadelphia until 1914. 1914 she was seized at Falmouth by Britain and was operated by the Admiralty. Renamed "Princetown" in 1916. Transferred to France in 1917 and renamed "Alesia". Torpedoed and sunk 6.9.1917 by German submarine UC-50 off Ushant. - [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PRINZ FRIEDRICH WILHELM / EMPRESS OF INDIA / MONTLAURIER / MONTNAIRN 1907
The PRINZ FRIEDRICH WILHELM of Norddeutscher Lloyd [North German Lloyd]. This was a 17,082 gross ton vessel built by J.C.Tecklenborg, Geestemunde in 1907. Her details were - length 590.1ft x beam 68.3ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for 416-1st, 338-2nd and 1,726-3rd class passengers. Laid down as the WASHINGTON she was launched as the PRINZ FRIEDRICH WILHELM on 21/10/1907. She sailed from Bremen on her maiden voyage to Southampton, Cherbourg and New York on 6/6/1908 and commenced her last voyage on this service on 13/6/1914. In August 1914, on the outbreak of the Great War, she took refuge at Odda, Norway during a pleasure cruise, and on 31/3/1919 surrendered to Britain, who chartered her to the US Navy Dept. In 1920 she was chartered to Canadian Pacific who used her on the Liverpool - Quebec service, starting on 14/7/1920. In 1921 she was bought outright by Canadian Pacific from the Reparations Commission and reconditioned at Glasgow. On 2/8/1921 she was renamed EMPRESS OF CHINA but never sailed as such, and later that month was again renamed EMPRESS OF INDIA. On 25/8/1921 she was chartered to Cunard and completed two Southampton - New York voyages for them and was then returned to Canadian Pacific. On 23/6/1922 she commenced the first of two Liverpool - Quebec voyages and on 21/8/1922 started a single Southampton - Cherbourg - Quebec voyage. She was renamed MONTLAURIER and rebuilt to carry Cabin class and 3rd class passengers and on 4/5/1923 sailed from Liverpool for Quebec but returned due to boiler trouble, and finally sailed on 29/6/1923. She commenced her last voyage Liverpool - St John NB on 24/1/1925 and sailed from St John on 22/2/1925 but had steering gear trouble off Fastnet and returned to Queenstown and was then towed to Liverpool. On 14/4/1925 she was damaged by fire when under repair by Cammel Laird, but was repaired and on 18/6/1925 was renamed MONTEITH but never sailed under this name. On 2/7/1925 she was again renamed as MONTNAIRN and from 17/7/1925 sailed between Liverpool and Quebec. In July 1926 she was converted to cabin, tourist and 3rd class and on 4/5/1927 commenced her first voyage Antwerp - Southampton - Quebec. On 16/9/1928 she commenced her final sailing from Hamburg to Southampton, Cherbourg and Quebec and was then laid up at Southampton (62 N.Atlantic round voyages for Canadian Pacific). On 23/12/1929 she was sold and scrapped at Genoa. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1315]

PRINZ LUDWIG / ORCADES 1906
The PRINZ LUDWIG was a 9630 gross ton ship, length 492ft x beam 57.7ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw, speed 15 knots. Accommodation 114-1st, 158-2nd, 50-3rd and 564-steerage class passengers. Built by AG Vulkan, Stettin, she was launched on 12th May 1906 for North German Lloyd, Bremen and used on their Far East service. Laid up in Germany during the Great War, she was surrendered to Britain in March 1919, came under the direction of the Shipping Controller and was managed by the Peninsular & Oriental S.N.Co (P & O Line). It was during this period that she was used for returning troops to Australia. Purchased by Orient S.N.Co in 1921, renamed ORCADES and rebuilt to 9764 gross tons with accommodation for 123-1st and 476-2nd class passengers. she was used on the Tilbury - Australia service until 1924 when she was sold for scrapping and broken up Bremerhaven the following year. [Norddeutscher Lloyd, vol.1 by Edwin Drechsel] [Merchant Fleets, vol.1 by Duncan Haws]

PRINZ OSKAR / ORION 1902
The PRINZ OSKAR was a 6,026 gross ton ship, built in 1902 by Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack for the Hamburg America Line of Hamburg. Her details were - length 403.4ft x beam 49.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. There was capacity for 60-1st and 1,200-3rd class passengers. Launched on 15/12/1902, she started her maiden voyage from Hamburg to Brazil in June 1903. On 10/10/1903 she commenced her first Genoa - Naples - New York voyage, and started her last voyage on this service on 29/6/1906. She transferred to the Genoa - Buenos Aires route on 22/9/1906 and then to the Hamburg - Halifax - St John NB service on 19/3/1909. On 14/5/1909 she commenced her first Hamburg - Quebec - Montreal sailing and started her last voyage on this route on 27/5/1910. She commenced her first Hamburg - Philadelphia crossing on 13/9/1910 and her last on 21/7/1914. On August 4th 1914 she was interned at Philadelphia and on April 6th 1917 was seized by the US government, renamed ORION and operated by the US Shipping Board. Sold to the American owned Black Star Line in 1922, she reverted to the US Shipping Board the following year and was scrapped at Baltimore in 1929. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.409] [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, p.350] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America Line, p.76]

PRINZESS IRENE / POCAHONTAS / BREMEN / KARLSRUHE 1900
This was a 10,881 gross ton ship, built by AG Vulcan, Stettin for Norddeutscher Lloyd [North German Lloyd] in 1900. Her details were - length 523.5ft x beam 60.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. Accommodation was provided for 240-1st, 162-2nd and 1,954-3rd class passengers. Launched on 19th Jun.1900 as the PRINZESS IRENE for the Far East service, she actually commenced her maiden voyage between Bremen, Southampton, Cherbourg and New York on 9th Sep.1900. On 31st Oct.1900 she started the first of 7 voyages between Bremen, Suez and the Far East. On 30th Apr.1903 she commenced sailings between Genoa, Naples and New York and on 6th Apr.1910 was stranded on Long Island, NY. She was refloated and repaired at Newport News. On 9th Jul.1914 she commenced her last voyage from Genoa to Naples and New York, where she took refuge until seized by the USA in April 1917. She was renamed POCAHONTAS and used by the US Government until 1921 when she was chartered to US Mail Steamship Co. She commenced the first of two voyages between New York, Naples and Genoa on 26th Feb.1921 and was refitted to accommodate 350-cabin and 900-3rd class passengers. On 22nd May 1921 she commenced her third voyage  but only got as far as Gibralter where she was laid up with a machinery defect. In 1922 she was bought back by Norddeutscher Lloyd, towed to Germany, reconditioned and renamed BREMEN. She commenced sailing between Bremen and New York on 7th Apr.1923 and in April 1926 was refitted to carry cabin, tourist, 3rd cabin and 3rd class. On 28th Sep.1927 she commenced her last voyage from Bremen to Cobh and New York and in 1928 was renamed KARLSRUHE to allow her previous name to be used for the new express liner.  On 29th Jan.1928 she sailed on her first voyage under her new name, from Bremen to Cobh and New York and on 16th Aug.1931 commenced her last voyage from Bremen to Boulogne, Galway, Halifax, New York, Havana, Vera Cruz and Tampico. In June 1932 she started sailings between Bremen, Halifax and Galveston and on 20th Aug.1932 commenced her last Bremen - Galveston voyage. She was scrapped at Bremerhaven the same year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.563]

PRINZREGENT LUITPOLD / PIETRO CALVI 1894
6,288 gross tons, length 455.3ft x beam 50.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 14 knots. Accommodation for 224-1st, 101-2nd and 850-3rd class passengers. Built by F.Schichau, Danzig, she was launched on 20th Mar.1894 for North German Lloyd, Bremen. Her maiden voyage started on 29th Aug.1894 when she sailed from Bremen via Suez to Australia and her first Bremen - New York voyage started 1st May 1897. Her tenth and last New York sailing started 22nd Dec.1900 and on 26th May 1904 she commenced her first Bremen - Suez - Far East sailing. Her 22nd and last Australia voyage started 11th May 1910 and she was subsequently used on the Far East service. At the outbreak of the Great War in Aug.1914 she sheltered in Italy but was seized in May 1915 when Italy entered the war and renamed PIETRO CALVI. Scrapped in 1928.[North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.559]

PROCIDA / CITY OF MECCA / CLAN MACLEOD / NUBIAN 1871
The PROCIDA was a 2,300 gross ton ship, built by Connell & Co, Glasgow in 1871. She was an iron built screw steamer and was originally the CITY OF MECCA for the City Line. In the 1870s she was sold to the Clan Line and renamed CLAN MACLEOD. Purchased by Robert Sloman of Hamburg in 1882 and was used on the Hamburg - Australia service of the Sloman Line until the end of 1886 with passengers, and with cargo until 1888-9. The Australia-Sloman Line was then wound up and the ships were transferred back to the parent company of Robert M.Sloman who employed them in connection with their other interests. In 1900, the PROCIDA was sold to the British Admiralty and renamed NUBIAN. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M.Maber]

PROFESSOR WOERMANN / FLORIDA / SWAKOPMUND / ARAFURA / ARAFURA MARU 1903
The PROFESSOR WOERMANN was built by Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack in 1903. She was a 5,638 gross ton ship, length 403.2ft x beam 49.2ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. Launched on 28th Nov.1903 as the FLORIDA for Argo Line of Bremen, she was sold to Woermann Line on 15th Oct.1904 and renamed PROFESSOR WOERMANN. Used on the West Africa service, she was chartered to North German Lloyd in 1907 and made two voyages to the US, one from Bremen to Baltimore with 379-3rd class passengers (arr.1st Apr.1907) and one from Bremen to Galveston with 1,006-3rd class passeengers. Purchased by Hamburg America Line on 17th May 1908, renamed SWAKOPMUND and used on the West and South Africa routes, except for one Hamburg - New York voyage (arr.6th Jun.1907). On 6th Apr.1919 she was ceded to Great Britain as war reparations. Managed by the New Zealand Shipping Co, and then passed to the Eastern and Australian SS Co, she was renamed ARAFURA in 1920. She was the company's largest vessel and stayed with them until 1929 when she was sold to Osaka Syosen, Kaisha, renamed ARAFURA MARU and scrapped the following year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.5,p.1813-4] [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.4, Hamburg America, Adler and Carr Lines]

PRO PATRIA 1893 / CANADA 1903
759 gross tons, 185.5ft x 27.2ft, single screw, built 1893 by J. Scott & Co, Kinghorn for Th. Clement, Y. Cecconi & Cie, St. Pierre - Miquelon. 1903 sold to S. M. Legasse, Neveu et Cie, St. Pierre - Miquelon. 1903 sold to W. W. Lewis, Halifax renamed CANADA. 1906 Canada and Cape Breton S.S. Co., Halifax. 1909 Fraserville Navigation Co., Halifax. 1911 G. A. Binet, Quebec. 1912 Campbellton & Gaspe S.S. Co., Quebec. 1914 P. Blouin, Quebec. 1915 sold to Gaspe & Baie des Chaleurs S.S. Co., Quebec renamed PERCESIEN. 9th Feb.1918 abandoned in sinking condition in position 51.26N 32.12W on voyage Quebec via Halifax to Preston with timber.

PROTESILAUS 1910
9,547 gross tons, length 484.9ft x beam 60.4ft, one funnel, two masts (goal-post 'H'- shaped), twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 12 passengers. Built by Hawthorn Leslie & Co, Newcastle (engines by North East Marine, Newcastle), she was launched for Alfred Holt & Co (Blue Funnel Line) in 1910. Used on the UK - Far East service. I don't have any details of her war time service, but she struck a mine in the Bristol Channel on 21st Jan.1940, was towed into port but found to be beyond economical repair. In 1942 she was scrapped by Thomas W. Ward & Co at Briton Ferry. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.6, Blue Funnel Line]

PROVENCE 1884
The PROVENCE was a 3,874 gross ton ship, length 387.1ft x beam 42.3ft (117,98m x 12,89m), one funnel, three masts, single propeller, speed 14 knots. Built by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediteranee, La Seyne, France, she was launched for Societe Generale de Transports Maritimes on 1st Apr.1884. She started her maiden voyage on 20th July 1884 when she left Marseilles for South American ports and in 1907 was transferred to the France-Amerique Line but continued on the same service. On 13th April 1918 she was torpedoed off the Spanish coast while on voyage Buenos Aires to Marseilles, reached Palamos and sank. She was later refloated and returned to service until 1927 when she was scrapped at La Seyne. [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor]

PROVIDENCE 1914
Built by Forges & Chantiers de la Mediterranee, La Seyne for the French owned Fabre Line, she was an 11,900 gross ton ship, length 488.9ft x beam 59.8ft, three funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 17 knots. There was accommodation for 140-1st, 250-2nd and 1,850-3rd class passengers. Launched on 4th August 1914, but because of the war, she didn't make her maiden voyage until 2nd June 1920, when she left Marseilles for Lisbon, Azores, Providence and New York. She continued on the Mediterranean - New York service until November 1931 when she made her last Marseilles - New York (arr.26/11, dep.1/2/1932)- Boston - Marseilles voyage. In January 1932 she was chartered to Messageries Maritimes and used in their Marseilles - Eastern Mediterranean service. In 1940 was sold to them and laid up at Berre following the French surrender. During a storm, her anchor chains broke and she was driven ashore, but was salvaged and rebuilt in 1944 and resumed Mediterranean service. She was scrapped at Spezia in October 1951. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1135-6][Great Passenger Ships of the World by Arnold Kludas, vol.2,p.42]

PRUSSIA / DOMINION 1893
The DOMINION was built in 1893 by Harland & Wolff of Belfast as the PRUSSIA for the German Hamburg-America Line. She was a 5965 gross ton ship, length 445.5ft x beam 50.2ft, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 14 knots. Accommodation for 60-1st class and 1,800-3rd class passengers. She was launched on 10th Nov.1893 but her completion was delayed by a strike and she didn't leave Hamburg on her maiden voyage to Havre and New York until 24th Jun.1894. She stayed on this service until her last voyage on 6th Feb.1898 when she was sold to the British Dominion Line and renamed DOMINION. She was rebuilt with a tonnage of 6618 tons and accommodation for 200-1st, 170-2nd, and 750-3rd class passengers and commenced sailing Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal on 7th May 1898. In 1908 she went to the American Line, was further altered to carry 370-2nd and 750-3rd class passengers and was put onto their Liverpool - Philadelphia service until May 1915. She did some intervening Dominion Line sailings and in 1918 started her first voyage after the Armistice from Liverpool - Portland on 2nd Dec.1918. In autumn 1919 she was used as a cargo ship only and on 26th Feb.1921 she made her last trip from Liverpool - Portland and was scrapped in Germany in 1922. [ North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.400, vol.2, p.809] [Posted to the Emigration-Ships Mailing List by Ted Finch - 16th August 1997]

PRUSSIAN 1869
The PRUSSIAN was built in 1869 by A&J.Inglis, Glasgow for the Montreal Ocean SS Co., which, in 1897 became the Allan Line. She was a 2,794 gross ton ship, length 340.4ft x beam 40.5ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts(rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 90-1st and 600-3rd class. Launched on 31 October 1868, she sailed from Liverpool on 18 December 1869 on her maiden voyage to Portland. On 22 April 1869 she commenced her first Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal voyage and was laid up between 1876-1878. She was fitted with compound engines in 1879 by Barclay, Curle & Co., Glasgow and resumed Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal sailings on 1 July 1879. She started her first Liverpool - Baltimore voyage on 12 August 1879, first Glasgow - Boston voyage on 15 November 1880, and first Liverpool - Boston voyage on 30 June 1881 (4 round voyages). In 1882 she was chartered as a troopship for the Egyptian Expedition and on 29 April 1895 commenced Glasgow - Philadelphia sailings. Subsequently she sailed between Glasgow and Philadelphia or Boston. She started her last Glasgow - Boston voyage on 18 February 1898 and was scrapped at Genoa later the same year. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1, p.313]

PULASKI / CZAR / ESTONIA / EMPIRE PENRYN 1912
The "Czar" was a 6,503 gross ton ship, built by Barclay, Curle & Co, Glasgow in 1912 for the Russian American Line. Her details were - length 425ft x beam 53.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 30-1st, 260-2nd and 1,086-3rd & 4th class passengers. Launched on 23rd March 1912, she sailed from Libau on her maiden voyage to Copenhagen and New York on 30th May 1912. Her last voyage on this service started on 17th Jul.1914 and on 13th Sep.1914 she commenced Archangel - New York sailings. After the Russian revolution, she was transferred to British registry and placed under the management of the Cunard SS Co. and in 1921 was returned to the East Asiatic Co of Copenhagen (owners of the Russian American Line). They renamed her "Estonia" and placed her on the transatlantic service under the description of Baltic American Line. On 11th Jan.1921 she sailed from Glasgow for New York, Danzig and Libau, and on 23rd Feb.1921 commenced Libau - Danzig - Boston - New York sailings. In Feb.1925 she was refitted to accommodate 290-cabin and 500-3rd class passengers and in Mar.1926 was again altered to 110-cabin, 180-tourist and 500-3rd class. Her last Danzig - Copenhagen - Halifax - New York voyage started on 31st Jan.1930 and she was then sold to the Polish owned Gdynia-America Line. On 13th Mar.1930 she started a single round voyage between Danzig, Copenhagen, Halifax and New York and was then renamed "Pulaski". She started sailing between Danzig, Halifax and New York under this name on 25th Apr.1930 and commenced her last N.Atlantic voyage - Gdynia - Copenhagen - Halifax - New York on 18th Aug.1935. Transferred to the Gdynia - Buenos Aires service on 28th Feb.1936 and started her last voyage on this route on 21st Apr.1939. On 24th Aug.1939, just before the outbreak of WWII, she sailed from Gdynia for Falmouth and was used as a troopship during WWII, was renamed "Empire Penryn" under British registry in 1946 and was scrapped at Blyth in 1949. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol.3, p.1356; vol.4, p.1511-12] [South Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, p.465]

PULAWSKI 1917 see IDA 1906

QUEBEC / CITY OF DUBLIN / NAUTIQUE 1864
The QUEBEC was built by Smith & Rodger, Glasgow. She was a 2,138 gross ton ship, length 318ft x beam 36.3ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 11 knots. Laid down for British owners as the HELLESPONT, she was bought on the stocks by the Inman Line of Liverpool and launched in February 1864 as the CITY OF DUBLIN. She started her maiden voyage on 10/12/1864 when she left Liverpool for Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. Her last voyage on this service commenced 2/4/1872 and she was then purchased by the Dominion Line of Liverpool, and fitted with compound engines by Laird Bros, Birkenhead. She started a single round voyage between Liverpool and Boston on 19/2/1874 and was then renamed QUEBEC. She commenced Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal voyages on 16/4/1874 and started Avonmouth - Quebec - Montreal sailings on 30/4/1886. Her last voyage between Avonmouth, Swansea and New York started on 16/12/1887 and in 1888 she was sold to French owners and renamed NAUTIQUE. On 16/2/1890 she was abandoned and lost in the North Atlantic. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.241]

QUEEN 1865
"The Queen" was a 3,412 gross ton ship built by Laird Bros, Birkenhead in 1865 for the National Line of Liverpool. Her details were - length 381.1ft x beam 42.4ft, clipper stem, one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. Launched on 29th Apr.1865, she sailed from Liverpool on 23rd Aug.1865 on her maiden voyage to Queenstown (Cobh) and New York. In 1867 she served as an Abyssinian campaign transport and in 1872 was rebuilt to 4,441 gross tons. Her first London - Havre - New York sailing commenced 21st May 1872 and her last voyage on this route started 16th Jan.1873. She was fitted with compound engines by G.Forrester & Co, Liverpool in 1873-4 and on 22nd Apr.1874 resumed Liverpool - Queenstown - New York sailings. Between 1880 - 1886 she sailed Liverpool or London to New York and from 14th Apr.1886 sailed Liverpool - New York only. Her last voyage with cabin class passengers commenced 25th Jul.1889 and her last with 3rd class passengers started 12th Mar.1892. She started the National Line's last Liverpool - New York voyage with cargo only, on 22nd Feb.1894 and on 13th Apr.1894 resumed London - New York sailings, making her last on 23rd Dec.1894. In 1896 she was sold and scrapped. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2,p.612]

QUEEN CITY 1894
391 gross tons, length 116ft x beam 27.0ft, wooden hull, built as a sailing schooner by R. Brown, Victoria, BC. Original owners not known. 1898 sold to Canadian Pacific Navigation Co, Victoria, converted to a steamship and used on British Columbia coastal services, 1908 company taken over by Canadian Pacific Railway Co, Victoria, 9th Sep.1916 damaged by fire at Victoria and rebuilt and re-engined, 1917 sold to Pacific Lime Co, Vancouver. 1918 owned by Kingsley Navigation Co, Vancouver, 1920 converted to barge, 11th Nov.1920 gasoline tank exploded on board while in tow off Beaver Cove, Vancouver Island and she became a total loss.

QUEEN FREDERICA (VASILISSA FRIEDERIKI) / MALOLO / MATSONIA / ATLANTIC 1926
She was built by W.Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia in 1926 as the MALOLO for the American Matson Line. She was a 17,232 gross ton ship, length overall 582ft x beam 83.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 22 knots. There was accommodation for 693-1st class passengers. Launched on 26/6/1926, she was struck by the Norwegian freighter JACOB CHRISTENSEN while on trials near the Nantucket Lightship, was extensively damaged and repaired at New York. She made her first voyage from San Francisco to Honolulu in November 1927. In 1937 she was renamed MATSONIA and continued in the same service until 1941 when she was converted to a troopship. In April 1946 she was returned to Matson Line and on 22/5/1946 resumed the SF - Honolulu service until April 1948 when she was laid up at Alameda, Calif. The same year, she was sold to the Panamanian Home Line and renamed ATLANTIC. Refitted in 1949 by Ansaldo, Genoa to 15,602 tons and to carry 283-1st, 224-cabin and 735-tourist class passengers, she commenced her first voyage from Genoa to Naples, Barcelona and New York on 14/5/1949. She started her last crossing on 21/11/1951 when she left Alexandria for Haifa, Beirut, Naples, Genoa, Cannes, Barcelona, Halifax and New York. In 1952 she was altered to carry 174-1st and 1,005-tourist class passengers with a tonnage of 20,553 tons. In February 1952 she started her first Genoa - Halifax - Southampton voyage and then transferred to Southampton - Havre - Halifax crossings. She made three round voyages on this route and then started Southampton - Havre - Quebec voyages on 21/4/1952. Her last voyage on this service was in November 1954 and on 18/11/1954 she sailed from New York for Halifax, Naples and Genoa. She made one more Genoa - Naples - Halifax - New York crossing and in January 1955 was sold to the Greek National Hellenic American Line. Renamed VASILISSA FRIEDERIKI (QUEEN FREDERICA) and refitted to accommodate 190-1st, 250-cabin and 800-tourist class passengers, she sailed on her first voyage from Piraeus to Naples, Palermo, Halifax and New York on 29/1/1955. In January 1956 she was altered to carry 1st and tourist class only, and to 21,239 tons. On 1/11/1965 she started her last New York - Naples - Piraeus voyage and then went to Chandris Lines of Greece. She sailed from Piraeus for Messina, Palermo, Naples, Halifax and New York in March 1966 and on 12/10/1967 started her last voyage on this service. On 24/10/1967 she sailed from New York for Havre and Southampton and on 16/11/1967 commenced a single round voyage from Rotterdam to Southampton, Cape Town, Australia and New Zealand. She was subsequently used for Mediterranean cruises by Sovereign Cruises and in 1971 was laid up in the River Dart, Devon. In June 1972 she sailed to Piraeus and was again laid up. Used in 1973 for Mediterranean cruises, she was laid up at Piraeus in November of that year and in 1977 was scrapped at Elefsis, Greece. In February 1978 she was gutted by fire at the breaker's yard. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.4,p.1697-8] Great Passenger Ships of the World, volume 3, by Arnold Kludas, ISBN 0-85059-245-3 contains two excellent photos of the ship.

QUEEN OF BERMUDA 1933
The QUEEN OF BERMUDA was a Furness Line ship, but wasn't built until 1933. She sailed between New York and Bermuda and ran a shuttle service with her sister ship MONARCH OF BERMUDA. She was a 22,500 gross ton ship, built at Barrow and had a length of 550ft x beam 76ft, three funnels and a speed of 19.5 knots. She had capacity for 733 passengers. During the war she was used as an Armed Merchant Cruiser, and later as a troopship until 1947. Completely modernised at Belfast in 1961 and rebuilt with one funnel, she returned to the New York - Bermuda service in 1962. In 1966 the company retired from the Bermuda trade and the ship arrived at Faslane, on the Clyde on 6th December 1966 to be scrapped. [British Passenger Liners of the Five Oceans by Commander C.R.Vernon Gibbs R.N.][North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.3,p.1029-30]

QUEEN OF THE PACIFIC / OCEAN QUEEN 1857
Built by Stephen G. Bogert, New York (engines by Morgan Iron Works, New York) as the QUEEN OF THE PACIFIC in 1857. This was a 2,801 gross ton ship, length 327ft x beam 42ft, straight stem, two funnels, two masts, wooden construction, side paddle propulsion and a speed of 12 knots. There was accommodation for 350-1st & 2nd class passengers. Launched in April 1857, she was sold to Vanderbilt's European Line, altered and renamed OCEAN QUEEN. On 17th May 1859 she commenced her first New York - Southampton - Havre voyage and her fifth and last crossing from Havre to Southampton and New York started on 23rd Nov.1859. In 1861 she was chartered to the US War Dept. and on 17th Apr.1869 she commenced her first New York - Bremen - Copenhagen voyage under charter to Ruger's American Line. She started one further voyage from New York to Havre, Brouwershaven, Swinemunde, Christiansand and New York on 3rd Mar.1870, and in 1875 was scrapped at Wilmington, Delaware. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.1,p.333]

QUETTA 1881
The QUETTA was a 3,302 gross ton ship (2,147 nett tons), length 380ft x beam 40ft (115,8m x 12,19m), one funnel, three masts (rigged for sail), iron construction, single screw and a speed of 12 knots. There was passenger accommodation for 76-1st and 32-2nd class. Built by Wm Denny & Bros, Dumbarton, for British India Associated Steamers, she was completed on 18th May 1881 for use on the London - Madras - Calcutta service. On 9th Apr.1883 she started her first London - Brisbane voyage on the Queensland Royal Mail Service and continued this run until 1890. On 28th Feb.1890 she was wrecked in the Torres Strait en route from Brisbane to London. 133 out of 293 on board were drowned. The rock was at the time uncharted and now bears the name Quetta Rock. The ship sank in three minutes with the survivors being picked up by the search vessel ALBATROSS. The final survivor, Emily Lacy, aged 15 was picked up two days later on Sunday March 2nd, delirious but still mechanically swimming.[Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.11, British India S.N.Co.]

QUITO 1870
O.N.60224, 1497 gross tons, 253ft x 34.8ft, iron hull, accommodation for 28 passengers. Launched 11th Jun.1870 by Earle's Shipbuilding co., Hull for Thomas Wilson, Sons & Co., Hull, she was used on the Hull - Scandinavia / Baltic routes. On 13th Jan.1891 she was wrecked at Nidingen, south of Gothenburg, Sweden while on passage Reval to Hull with general cargo. [Wilson Line by John Harrower]

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