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The Allan Line / Montreal Ocean Steamship Company

The Allan Line, more properly the Montreal Ocean Steamship Company, was founded in 1854 and began sailing in 1855. They continued to sail until about 1911 when negotiations with the Canadian Pacific Line took place. The company was merged with CP and became known as the Canadian Pacific Ocean Services Limited in 1915. However, it was not until 1917 that an official announcement of the merger finally became public.

Fares in 1855 were 18 guineas outwards and $80 homewards. They sailed from Quebec at 9 A.M. every alternate Saturday and from Liverpool on Wednesdays.

Hugh and Andrew Allan, with other Canadian partners, incorporated the Montreal Steamship Company in 1854. They were the second, and fourth, of the five sons of Alexander (Sandy) Allan 1780-1854. All the Allans were involved in the shipping industry. Alexander Allan had founded the Allan Line of Sailing Ships in 1819, with regular sailings between Greenock and Quebec in the brigantine Jean, commencing June 9th 1819. Sandy Allan died March 18th 1854, before the first Montreal Steamship Company steamship Canadian, sailed from Liverpool September 16th 1854, and arrived at Quebec September 28th 1854, on her Maiden voyage.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.Allan Line

Routes: (Steam Ships)

  • 1854 - 1917 Liverpool - (Moville) - Quebec - Montreal (summer)
  • 1854 - 1903 Liverpool - (Halifax) - Portland (winter)
  • 1856 - 1906 Glasgow - Boston - New York
  • 1861 - 1917 Glasgow - St. John's NF - Quebec - Montreal.
  • 1861 - 1914 Glasgow - Portland - New York
  • 1864 - 1914 Glasgow - Philadelphia.
  • 1869 - 1870 Oslo / Gothenburg - Newcastle / Leith feeder service.
  • 1871 - 1892 Liverpool - Queenstown - Halifax - Norfolk - Baltimore.
  • 1872 - 1873 Glasgow - Liverpool - New Orleans
  • 1876 - 1902 Glasgow - Montevideo - Buenos Aires.
  • 1883 - 1896 London - New York.
  • 1886 - 1902 London - Montevideo - Buenos Aires.
  • 1888 - 1917 London / Havre - Quebec / Montreal - St. John, NB (winter)
  • 1901 - 1917 Liverpool - Halifax - St. John NB (winter)

Calls were also made at Galway. Ports in brackets indicate occasional or short duration calls.

Funnel:
Red with narrow white band below black top.

Fleet:

Sailing Ships
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Abeona 1867 iron ship - built, Glasgow. Considered to be the fastest of the Allan Line clippers, sold to Andrew Weir. Wrecked on Thunderbolt Reef, off Cape of Good Hope, 4th September 1900. 979
Albion 1845 wood ship - built Greenock. After many years of Allan Line service was believed to be afloat as a barque. 471
Ardmillan (1) 1855 wood ship - built at Quebec of oak, elm and tamarack. For many years in the Australia trade from Britain. 987
Ardmillan (2) 1878 iron ship - Sold to Germany. 1,729
Anglesea 1855 wood ship - built New Brunswick. Liverpool to North America 913
Blonde 1840 wood barque - built Montreal. Oak, elm and tamarack. Owned by Edmonstone and probably partly owned by Hugh Allan. Jamaica trader. Lost at sea 1849. 676
Brilliant 1834 wood ship - built Montreal. Owned by Paterson of Greenock, probably partly owned by Allan. Jamaica trader from Montreal. Lost at sea 1847. 428
Britannia 1845 wood ship - built Greenock. Liverpool Atlantic trade. 419
Brunette 1840 wood barque - built Montreal. Wrecked on St. Paul's Island, Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1843 676
Cairngorm 1853 wood ship - built Quebec (1,043 tons) 1,016
Caledonia 1841 wood ship - built Greenock. Quebec trade from the Clyde. 438
Canada 1831 wood ship - built Greenock. Allan Line first full-rigged ship. Employed on Quebec and West Indian Atlantic trade as opportunity offered. 330
Catherine 1850 wood barque - built Quebec. 687
Cherokee 1854 wood barque (653 tons) - built Greenock. Employed Liverpool to India in the eighteen-fifties. Later Liverpool to Newfoundland with salt, Newfoundland to Brazil with dried cod, Brazil to Liverpool with coffee and tobacco. Abandoned in the Atlantic 16th January 1882 and not heard of since. 718
Chippewa 1863 wood ship (1096 tons) - built Quebec. Later sold to R. Burns of Greenock. Re-rigged as barque 1880. Abandoned 7th March 1892 / 45N 15W 1,072
City of Montreal 1863 wood ship - built Quebec. In Australia trade. 1,187
City of Toronto 1855 wood ship - built Toronto. Oak and tamarack. Built for the Allans and brought from the Great Lakes to engage in the Liverpool to North America trade. 696
Dunbritton 1875 iron ship - built Dumbarton. By 1905 sold to Andrew Weir and had been cut down to barque rig. 1,536
Eumenides 1864 wood ship - built Quebec 1,147
Favourite (1) 1825 wood brig - built Montreal. White oak and cedar. By 1845 was owned by J. Cullen, Port Glasgow. (picture) 296
Favourite (2) 1839 wood barque - built Montreal. Oak and hackmatack. 405
Florence 1857 wood ship - built New Brunswick. 960
Glasgow 1836 wood barque - built Montreal. Hugh Allan was part owner. Jamaica trader, lost on Sable Island, 1840 347
Glenbervie 1866 iron ship - built Glasgow. Later bought by Bramwell & Gardiner. Went ashore at Coverack,Cornwall 13th January 1902 & ultimately became total wreck. 800
Glencairn (1) 1850 wood ship - built Quebec. In the Australia trade. 949
Glencairn (2) 1878 iron ship - built Glasgow. Converted to 4-masted barque by 1887 and reputed to be the smallest of the type. Sold to Thomas Law of Glasgow in 1895 and lost off the Horn, at Cape San Paulo, 25th July 1907. 1,621
Glendaruel 1876 iron ship - built Glasgow. Sailed from Hull 4th October 1888 for Rangoon, spoken 15th Novemebr 1888, and since never heard from. 1,840
Glenfinnart 1876 iron ship - built Glasgow. Missing since 27th September 1890 (Glenfinart) 1,601
Gleniffer 1866 iron ship - built Glasgow. 1871 made 4 trips to the St. Lawrence between the ice, including one passage of 15 days Quebec to Greenock. 1881 re-rigged as barque. Sold to Nicholson & McGill in the eighteen-ninties. 800
Glenmorag 1876 iron ship - built Glasgow. The last sailing ship of the Allan Line, sold in 1896. Wrecked north of Columbia River April 1896. 1,648
Harlequin 1851 wood barque - built Quebec. Clyde to Savannah trade. 702
Iona 1857 wood ship - built Quebec. 847
Jean 1819 wood brigantine - built Irvine. The first regular trader of the Allan Line. Under Captain Alexander Allan opened the business in 1819. Length 76' - 8" x breadth 22' - 6" x depth 13' - 4" na
Marion 1848 wood ship - built Quebec. Employed Clyde to India. 738
Medora 1867 wood ship (781 tons) - built Ardrossan. 1880 re-rigged as barque. By 1887 owned by Lagergren of Stockholm. 811
Minerva 1868 iron ship, wrecked 1871 1,365
Mohawk 1854 wood ship - built New Brunswick. 850
Montreal 1848 wood ship - built Dumbarton. Liverpool to Montreal trade. 506
Newfoundland 1872 wood bark - altered to a steamer. see Coastal vessels 925
Ottawa 1851 wood ship - built Quebec. 492
Pericles 1856 wood ship - built Miramichi. Liverpool to North America. 991
Polly 1845 wood barque - built Quebec. 710
Pomona 1867 iron ship (1,196 tons) - built Greenock. Foundered in lat.39.46N long.15.48W on 9th December 1902. 1,252
Ravanscrag 1866 iron ship - built Greenock. Sold to Richardson of Swansea. 1,263
Romsdal 1877 iron ship 4-masted - built Greenock. The only 4-masted full-rigged ship of the Allan Line and one of few ever built. Reported missing at Lloyd's, register closed 1892. 1,887
Staffa 1856 wood ship - built New Brunswick. 922
St. Lawrence 1852 wood ship - built Dumbarton. 578
St. Patrick 1854 see John Bell  
Strathblane 1868 iron ship - built Glasgow. Stranded 10 miles north of Columbia River on west Coast of USA, 3rd November 1891. 1,440
Strathearn 1871 iron ship - built Glasgow. Noted as a fast ship in heavy weather; reputed to have sailed from New York to the Clyde in 10 days. Sold to Schramm of Hamburg and renamed Henriette. 1,784
Thalia 1840 wood ship - built Montreal. 472
Thistle 1836 wood barque - built Montreal. 260
Toronto 1849 wood ship - built Dumbarton. 1868 re-rigged as a barque. Abandoned at sea, afterwards picked up & taken to Santiago de Cuba where condemned & sold. 513
Steam Ships
Vessel
Built Years in Service
Tons
Alsatian 1914 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1919 renamed Empress of France. 18,481
America 1847 1863-1864 chartered from Cunard for four voyages. (Only transatlantic paddle steamer employed by Allan) 1,826
Anglo Saxon 1856 1863 wrecked off Cape Race; loss of 238 lives. (wreck) 1,715
Assyrian 1880 ex- Assyrian Monarch, 1887 purchased from Monarch Line renamed Assyrian, 1902 scrapped. 3,970
Australasian (1) 1857 1860 chartered from Cunard for one voyage. 2,902
Australasian (2) 1901 ex- Ruapehu, 1901 chartered from New Zealand Shipping Co for 5 voyages, renamed Australasian, then reverted to Ruapehu (N.Z.S.Co) 7,801
Austrian 1867 scrapped in 1905. 2,458
Bavarian 1899 1899-1902 Boer War transport, 1905 wrecked near Montreal; no loss of life. 10,576
Belgian 1855 ex- Hammonia, 1864 purchased from Hamburg America Line renamed Belgian, 1872 sold to the Dominion Line, 1873 renamed Missouri. 2,259
Bohemian 1859 22 Feb 1864 wrecked off Portland; loss of 20 lives. 2,200
Brazilian 1890 1910 sold to Brazil, renamed Corcovado. 3,204
Buenos Ayrean 1880 1909 laid up, 1911 scrapped Falmouth. 5,359
Calgarian 1914 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Rathlin Island; loss of 49 lives. 17,515
Californian   see State of California.  
Canadian (1) 1854 1857 wrecked near Quebec; no loss of life. 1,764
Canadian (2) 1860 4 June 1861 crushed by ice in Belle Isle Strait and sank; loss of 34 lives. 1,926
Canadian (3) 1873 1903 scrapped. 2,911
Carthaginian 1884 1917 mined and sunk off Ireland; no loss of life. 4,444
Caspian 1870 1897 scrapped. 2,728
Castilian 1899 1899 wrecked in Bay of Funday on maiden voyage; no loss of life. 7,441
Circassian 1873 1875 rebuilt to 3724 tons, 1896 scrapped. 3.211
City of Vienna 1889 1906 chartered from Ellerman City Line for three voyages. 4,683
City of Bombay 1885 1903-1907 chartered from Ellerman City Line for nine voyages. 4,548
Corean 1881 1908 scrapped in Italy. 3,488
Corinthian (1)   see Damascus.  
Corinthian (2) 1900 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1918 wrecked Brier Island, Bay of Fundy; no loss of life. (picture) 6,227
Corsican 1907 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1922 renamed Marvale. (Picture) 11,419
Damascus 1856 1862 chartered from Cunard for two voyages, 1865 purchased from Cunard, 1870 rebuilt to 1,517 tons, renamed Corinthian (1), 1881 sold to Italy renamed Genova. 1,213
European 1866 ex- William Penn, 1869 purchased from London & New York SS Line renamed European, 1872 sold to Hughes Line, Liverpool. 2,629
Gallia 1879 1899 purchased from Beaver Line, stranded Sorel Point, Quebec, salvaged, 1900 scrapped. 4,809
Germany 1868 1872 wrecked near Bordeaux; loss of 30 lives. 3,244
Grampian 1907 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1921 gutted by fire at Antwerp during refit, abandoned to underwriters, 1925 scrapped. (picture) 10,187
Grecian 1880 1902 wrecked near Halifax; no loss of life. 3,613
Hanoverian 1882 1885 wrecked Newfoundland; no loss of life. 3,503
Hesperian 1908 1915 torpedoed and sunk off Fastnet; loss of 32 lives. 10,920
Hibernian (1) 1861 1871 rebuilt to 2752 tons, transferred to Baltimore service, 1884 rebuilt to 3440 tons, 1901 scrapped Germany (See Hibernian News, 1868) 1,888
Hibernian (2) 1902 ex- Orient Point, cargo, 1904 purchased from Norfolk & North American SS Co renamed Hibernian, 1913 sold to Chargeurs Reunis, Havre renamed Amiral Ganteaume. 4,505
Hungarian (1) 1859 19 Feb 1860 wrecked on the west side of Cape Sable, NS; loss of 237 lives. 2,200
Hungarian (2) 1902 ex- South Point, cargo, 1903 purchased from Norfolk & North American SS Co renamed Hungarian, 1913 sold to Chargeurs Reunis, Havre renamed Amiral Charner. 4,508
Huronian 1901 1902 disappeared without trace.
6,550
Indian 1856 21 Nov 1859 wrecked on Cape Race; loss of 27 lives. 1,764
Ionian 1901 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific; torpedoed and sunk off Milford Haven; loss of 7 lives. 8,268
John Bell 1854 1862 chartered from Anchor Line, 1863 purchased by Allan renamed St.Patrick, 1874 last voyage, 1875 engines removed, 1879 sold to Germany renamed Diamant. 1,101
Jura 1854 1860 chartered from Cunard for two voyages, 1861 purchased by Allan, 1864 wrecked in River Mersey, no lives lost 2,241
Lake Erie 1899 1910 - 1913 chartered from Canadian Pacific for 23 voyages. 7,550
Laurentian   see Polynesian.  
Livonian 1882 ex- Ludgate Hill, 1897 purchased from Twin Screw Line renamed Livonian, 1914 sold to British Admiralty, scuttled as blockship. 4,162
Lucerne 1879 1898 sold to Harvey, St John's Newfoundland. 1,925
Manitoban   see Ottawa.  
Melita 1853 1860 chartered from Cunard for one voyage. 1,254
Mersey 1872 lighter at Liverpool, 1903 sold. 126
Mongolian 1891 1915 sold to British Admiralty. 4,838
Monte Videan 1888 1910 scrapped. 3,076
Moravian 1864 1874 rebuilt to 3323 tons, 1881 wrecked Nova Scotia; no loss of life. 2,481
Nestorian 1867 1878 rebuilt to 2,689 tons, 1897 scrapped. 2,466
North American 1856 1871 transferred from Liverpool - Montreal service to Baltimore service. 1874 sold and converted to barque.
1,715
North Briton 1858 5 Nov 1861 wrecked on Paraquet Island; no loss of life. 2,187
Norway 1869 Scandinavia - UK feeder service, 1870 made one Liverpool - Montreal voyage and one Liverpool - Savannah voyage, 1871 sold to Cork SS Co, 1873 renamed Hoopoe. 1,297
Norwegian (1) 1861 14 June 1863 wrecked on St. Paul's Island; no loss of life. 1,888
Norwegian (2) 1865 ex-City of New York, 1884 purchased from Inman Line renamed Norwegian, 1903 scrapped Holland. 3,523
Nova Scotian 1858 1873 rebuilt to 3305 tons transferred to Baltimore service, 1893 scrapped. 2,108
Numidian 1891 1914 sold to British Admiralty, scuttled as blockship. (picture) 4,836
Ontarian 1900 cargo, 1913 sold to Donaldson Line.
4,078
Orcadian 1893 cargo, ex- Ormiston, 1894 purchased from R & C, Allan, Glasgow renamed Orcadian, 1914 sold to Donaldson Line renamed Polaria. 3,546
Ottawa 1865 1868 purchased from British Colonial SS Co, 1872 rebuilt to 2,395 tons renamed Manitoban. Scrapped 1899. 1,810
Palestine 1858 1860 chartered from Cunard for four voyages. 1,800
Parisian 1881 1902 first to get wireless fitted, 1914 scrapped Italy.
5,359
Peruvian 1864 1874 rebuilt to 3,038 tons, 1905 scrapped Italy. 2,549
Phoenician   see St. David.  
Polynesian 1872 1893 rebuilt to 4522 tons renamed Laurentian, 1909 wrecked near Cape Race, no lives lost. (nicknamed "Rolling Polly") 3,983
Pomeranian 1882 ex- Grecian Monarch, 1887 purchased from Monarch Line renamed Pomeranian, 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1918 torpedoed and sunk near Portland Bill; loss of 45 lives. 4,364
Pretorian 1901 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, laid up in 1922, scrapped 1926. 6,948
Prussian 1869 1898 scrapped Genoa 2,794
Rosarian   1888 3077 tons, 1910 scrapped. 3,077
Roumanian 1883 ex- Richmond Hill, 1897 purchased from Twin Screw Line renamed Roumanian, 1898 sold to U.S. Army, renamed Crook. 4,225
St. Andrew 1861 1873 rebuilt to 2,256 tons and renamed Waldensian and moved to the US service. 1861 opened the Glasgow / Montreal service, 1891 transferred to South American service, 1903 scrapped Genoa. 2,256
St. David 1864 1873 rebuilt to 2,356 tons and renamed Phoenician, 1888 transferred to South American service, 1905 scrapped Genoa 1,516
St. George 1861 1869 wrecked near Seal Island, NS; no loss of life. 1,468
St. Patrick   see John Bell  
Sardinian 1875 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1920 sold to Spain and hulked at Vigo. 4,399
Sarmatian 1871 1874 Ashanti War Transport, 1908 scrapped at Rotterdam. (picture) 3,647
Scandinavian (1) 1870 1899 scrapped Italy 2,840
Scandinavian (2) 1898 ex- Romanic, 1912 purchased from White Star Line renamed Scandinavian, 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific Line, scrapped 1923. 12,099
Scotian 1898 ex- Statendam, 1911 purchased from Holland America Line renamed Scotian, 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1922 renamed Marglen. 10,322
Siberian 1884 1912 scrapped at Falmouth. 3,904
Sicilian 1899 1899-1901 Boer War transport, 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific Line, 1923 converted to cargo renamed Bruton. 6,224
Southwark 1893 1910 chartered from American Line for two voyages. 8,607
State of Alabama 1873 1891 purchased with State Line fleet but resold and never sailed for Allan Line. 2,323
State of California 1891 purchased while building for State Line, 1898 renamed Californian, 1901 sold to New York & Porto Rico Line renamed Coamo. 4,244
State of Georgia 1873 1891 purchased with State Line fleet, made two voyages for Allan, 1893 sold to Aberdeen Atlantic Line. 2,490
State of Indiana 1874 1891 purchased with State Line fleet, made one voyage for Allan Line, 1893 sold to Turkey renamed Ismir. 2,528
State of Nebraska 1880 1891 purchased with State Line fleet, 1902 scrapped. 3,986
State of Nevada 1874 1891 purchased with State Line fleet, made nine voyages for Allan Line, 1893 sold to Turkey renamed Mekke 2,488
State of Pennsylvania 1873 1891 purchased with State Line fleet but never sailed for Allan Line. 1893 sold to Turkey renamed Medina. 2,472
Sweden 1870 Scandinavia - UK feeder service but also made 5 transatlantic voyages, 1893 wrecked Finland. 908
Tainui 1884 1899 chartered from Shaw, Savill & Albion Line for six voyages. 5,086
Tower Hill 1881 1897 purchased from Twin Screw Line, 1897 renamed Turanian, 1899 stranded on Cape Verde Islands and scrapped. 4,021
Tunisian 1900 1914-1918 troopship, 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific; 1922 renamed Marburn; 1928 scrapped. 10,576
Turanian   see Tower Hill.  
Victorian 1905 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1922 renamed Marloch. 10,635
Virginian 1905 1917 transferred to Canadian Pacific, 1920 sold to Swedish American Line and renamed Drottningholm. (picture) 10,757
Waldensian   see St. Andrew.  

Coastal and inland water vessels and yachts — builder and/or place of build, within [ ]

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Arawa 1890 steel schooner [Henderson, Glasgow] Employed for lightering at River Plate. Towed from the Clyde to South America by Allan liner. 220
Avispa 1890 steel schooner [Henderson, Glasgow] Employed for lightering at River Plate. Towed from the Clyde to South America by Allan liner. 220
Bay of Kandy 1855 iron paddle [Stephen, Glasgow] 176 feet in length n/a
Chicarra 1890 steel schooner [Blackwood & Gordon, Glasgow] Employed for lightering at River Plate. Towed from the Clyde to South America by Allan liner. 220
Herminga 1890 steel schooner [Henderson, Glasgow] Employed for lightering at River Plate. Towed from the Clyde to South America by Allan liner. 220
Hermione 1891 steel screw quad-exp [ Fleming & Ferguson, Paisley] Steam yacht designed by G.L. Watson. Fleming & Ferguson fitted their patent quadruple-expansion engine which had two pairs of cylinders driving a two-throw crankshaft by means of triangular frame connecting rods. Purchased by U.S. Navy in 1898 for the Spanish American War where she sunk the enemy ship Alphonso XII in action. Remained in the USN from 1898 as the USS Hawk until she was broken up in 1940 in Michigan City. For much of her career she was employed as a Reserve training ship on the Lakes. 320
Lady of the Lake 1867 iron paddle [Magog, Quebec] 152-foot passenger steamer on Lake Memphremagog between Magog and Newport. Fabricated in Scotland, erected at site on Lake Memphremagog. Scrapped in 1917 369
Lake Ontario 1864 iron paddle [Stephen, Glasgow] 180-feet in length. n/a
Meteor 1866 wood [Sorel, Quebec] 130-foot paddle tug owned by Hugh Allan between 1873-1880 for service between Quebec and Montreal, including passengers. In 1900 became the passenger and freight steamer City of Owen Sound on the upper lakes. 106 renamed Erindale. 252
Mosquito 1890 steel schooner [Henderson, Glasgow] Employed for lightering at River Plate. Towed from the Clyde to South America by Allan liner. 220
Newfoundland 1872 wood screw compound [Baldwin, Quebec] Machinery built by Ouseburn of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Rigged as a brig [barque?]. Employed on Halifax to Newfoundland feeder service 1872-1892. Sold to Nova Scotia and in 1904 to St. John's where she became one of the sealing fleet. Registry closed 1915 919
Nora 1866 wood paddle [Knowlton's Landing, Quebec] Owned by Hugh Allan 1873-1880 and employed as a tug on Lake Memphremagog. 60
Ormond n/a Small steam yacht belonging to Sir Hugh Allan for use at Belmere on Lake Memphremagog. n/a
Rocket 1866 wood paddle [Sorel, Quebec] Owned by Hugh Allan 1873-1889 and employed on passenger and tug service between Montreal and the Gulf {. . of St. Lawrence? . .} 149 feet in length. 1900 renamed Britannic. 386
Topsy n/a iron paddle [Stephen, Glasgow] 130 feet in length. n/a

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