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The Fleets

Atlantic Transport Line

Formed in 1881 by Bernard Baker of the Baltimore Storage & Lighterage Co, he found it economical to operate his ships under the British flag. Initial voyages were between Barrow and New York and the following year, between Amsterdam and New York under charter to the Royal Netherlands SS Co. In 1883 regular London - Baltimore voyages commenced and a London - New York service started in 1890. Occasional voyages were also made to New York from Swansea and Belfast. In 1896 ATL took over the fleet and assets of National Line.
The Atlantic Transport Line was an American company, but was effectively British operated. The solution to this in America was to form the Atlantic Transport Company of West Virginia in 1898 to acquire the assets and ships of ATL and to build and own their own American flagged ships. For economical reasons, the current fleet continued under the British flag, but was American controlled. In 1904 the company, together with many others came under the control of the newly formed International Mercantile Marine Company. The depression of 1931 caused IMMC to commence selling ATL's passenger fleet and by 1936 their last ship, COLUMBIA was scrapped and both companies (American and British) ceased to exist.

see also The Atlantic Transport Line, 1881 -1936 - ships' histories & pictures, Jonathan Kinghorn

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Funnel:
Red with black top

Fleet:

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Alexander Elder 1890 1891 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co. for 4 voyages, 1892 renamed Merrimac and chartered for 1 voyage.
4,177
Columbia 1914 completed 1917 as Belgic for White Star Line (never ran for ATL). 27,132
Korea 1901 1915 purchased from Pacific Mail SS Co., 1916 sold to Japan, renamed Korea Maru 11,276
Mahopac   1917 see Minnesota (1)
Mackinaw 1891 ex- British Crown, 1897 purchased from British Shipowners Ltd renamed Mackinaw, 1923 scrapped. 3,204
Maine (1) 1887 ex- Swansea 1888 renamed Maine, 1899 lent to British Government as Boer War hospital ship, 1902 presented to British Admiralty as hospital ship.
2,809
Maine (2) 1903 1907 sold to American Hawaiian SS Co., renamed Virginian 7,959
Maine (3) 1905 ex- Sierra Blanca 1913 purchased from Thompson, Anderson & Co. renamed Maine, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Devon. 3,617
Maine (4) 1920 ex- War Riddle, 1920 purchased from Shipping Controller, London renamed Maine, 1932 sold to Russia, renamed Skala. 6,600
Manchuria 1904 1915 purchased from Pacific Mail Line, 1923 chartered to Panama Pacific Line, 1929 sold to Dollar SS Co renamed President Johnson. 13,639
Manhattan 1898 1914 transferred from National Line, 1927 scrapped 8,004
Manitoba 1892 1898 sold to US Army, renamed Logan
5,670
Manitou 1892 ex- Victoria 1898 purchased from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line renamed Manitou, 1905-1914 chartered to Red Star Line, 1915-1921 British Military Transport, 1921 transferred to Red Star Line renamed Poland. 6,849
Mariposa 1891 1892-1893 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co for 4 voyages. 5,305
Marquette 1898 ex- Boadicea 1898 purchased from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line renamed Marquette, 1905-1914 chartered to Red Star Line, 1915 British Military Transport, 1915 torpedoed and sunk in Aegean; loss of 29 lives. 7,057
Maryland (1) 1886 1912 sold to Italy, renamed Redentore.
2,863
Maryland (2) 1913 1933 scrapped. 4,731
Massachusetts (1) 1892 1898 sold to US Army, renamed Sheridan
5,673
Massachusetts (2) 1903 1911 sold to American Hawaiian SS Co., renamed Kansan 7,913
Memnon 1890 ex- Plassey, 1892 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co renamed Memnon, returned to owner.
3,176
Memphis (1) 1890 1890-1893 chartered from from Elder Dempster & Co.
3,191
Memphis (2) 1891 ex- America, 1907 transferred from National Line renamed Memphis, 1908 scrapped 5,158
Menominee 1897 ex- Alexandria, 1898 purchased from Wilson's & Furness-Layland Line renamed Menominee, 1905-1914 chartered to Red Star Line, 1915-1919 British Military Transport, 1926 scrapped. 6,919
Merrimac   see Alexander Elder  
Mesaba (1) 1898 ex-Winifreda, 1898 purchased from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line renamed Mesaba, 1918 torpedoed and sunk in St. George's Channel; loss of 20 lives. 6,833
Mesaba (2) 1918 ex- War Icarus, 1919 purchased from Shipping Controller, London renamed Mesaba, 1925 sold to White Star Line, renamed Delphic. 8,002
Mexico 1890 ex- Sobraon, 1893 chartered from Elder Dempster & Corenamed Mexico, returned to owners. 3,185
Michigan (1)   see Surrey  
Michigan (2) 1890 1896 transferred to National Line
3,722
Michigan (3) 1899 never run for ATL; laid down as Belgia for Hamburg America Line but purchased by ATL while building, and chartered to National Line, 1904 sold to Dominion Line renamed Irishman. 9,510
Michigan (4) 1898 1914 transferred from National Line, 1926 sold to Italy renamed Candido. 8,001
Minneapolis 1900 1915 British Military transport, 1916 torpedoed and sunk in Mediterranean; loss of 12 lives. 13,443
Minnehaha 1900 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Fastnet; loss of 43 lives. 13,443
Minnekahda (1) 1903 completed as Manchuria for Pacific Mail SS Co. See Manchuria 13,639
Minnekahda (2) 1917 1931 laid up, 1936 scrapped. 17,281
Minnelora 1904 completed as Mongolia for Pacific Mail SS Co. See Mongolia. 13,639
Minnesota (1) 1887 1917 renamed Mahopac, 1926 scrapped. 3,143
Minnesota (2) 1904 1917 purchased from Great Northern SS Co., 1919, renamed Troy; 1920 reverted to Minnesota, 1921 - isolation hospital at New York, 1923 scrapped 20,718
Minnesota (3) 1901 ex- Zeeland, 1927 purchased from Red Star Line, renamed Minnesota, 1929 scrapped 11,667
Minnetonka (1) 1902 1915 British Military transport, 1918 torpedoed and sunk in Mediterranean; loss of 4 lives. 13,440
Minnetonka (2) 1924 1932 transferred to Red Star Line, 1934 scrapped. 21,998
Minnewaska (1) 1894 ex-Persia, 1897 purchased from Hamburg America Line renamed Minnewaska, 1898 sold to US Army, renamed Thomas. 5,847
Minnewaska (2) 1903 never commissioned by ATL; see Arabic, White Star Line. 13,400
Minnewaska (3) 1909 1915 British Military transport, 1916 mined, beached and abandoned near Mudros. 14,317
Minnewaska (4) 1923 1932 transferred to Red Star Line, 1934 scrapped.
21,716
Mississippi (1) 1890 1898 transferred to National Line
3,732
Mississippi (2) 1903 1906 sold to Red Star Line, renamed Samland, 1907-1909 returned to ATL as Samland then reverted to Red Star, 1914-1916 chartered from Red Star Line, 1931 scrapped. 7,913
Mississippi (3) 1914 1933 scrapped. 4,738
Missouri (1) 1889 1899 presented to US Government as hospital ship, renamed U.S.S Egbert.
2,845
Missouri (2) 1903 1907 sold to American Hawaiian SS Co, renamed Missourian 7,914
Missouri (3) 1914 1933 scrapped. 4,697
Mobile (1) 1893 1893 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co; 1896 purchased and fitted for 80 passengers; 1898 sold to US Army renamed Sherman. 5,780
Mobile (2) 1891 ex- Europe, 1907-1911 transferred from National Line renamed Mobile, 1911 sold to Norway as whaler renamed Thoger. 5,302
Mohawk (1) 1892 1898 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co., 1896 purchased, 1898 sold to US Army, renamed Grant.
5,658
Mohawk (2) 1885 ex- Belgic, 1899 purchased from White Star Line renamed Mohawk, 1899-1903 Boer War transport, 1903 scrapped. 4,212
Mohegan 1898 ex- Cleopatra, 1898 purchased from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line renamed Mohegan, 1898 wrecked on Manacles, Cornwall; loss of 108 lives. 6,889
Mongolia 1904 1916 purchased from Pacific Mail SS Co, 1923 chartered to Panama Pacific Line, 1929 sold to Dollar SS Co. renamed President Fillmore. 13,639
Montana (1) 1887 1913 sold to Italy, renamed Resurrezione
2,840
Montana (2) 1919 ex- Defender, 1920 purchased from US Shipping Board renamed Montana, 1930 laid up, 1935 scrapped. 7,772
Montauk 1919 ex- Champion, 1920 purchased from US Shipping Board renamed Montauk, 1930 laid up, 1935 scrapped. 7,772
Montcalm 1897 1898-1900 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co. for 11 voyages. 6,981
Montezuma 1891 1892-1893 chartered from Elder Dempster & Co. for 5 voyages.
6,357
Samland   see Mississippi (2)  
Siberia 1901 1915 purchased from Pacific Mail SS Co, 1916 sold to Japan renamed Siberia Maru. 11,284
Suffolk 1883 1886 wrecked on Lizard Point.
1,924
Surrey 1881 1888 transferred to subsidiary Bernard SS Co. renamed Michigan, 1889 sold to C. Furness.
2,949
Sussex 1883 1885 wrecked Scilly Isles.
2,795
Swansea   see Maine (1)  
Troy   see Minnesota (2)  

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Last updated: April 23, 2010 and maintained by and M. Kohli