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The Fleets

C.T. Bowring & Company / Red Cross Line
(New York, Newfoundland & Halifax SS Co.)

Founded at St. John's NF in the 1820s by Benjamin Bowring who was greatly involved in the sealing trade, by 1823 he owned a fleet of small sailing vessels to trade across the Atlantic. By the 1840s, his son, Charles Tricks Bowring was the functional head of the company which had expanded to Liverpool. The 1860s saw rapid growth in the company with routes opened to India and New Zealand, Australia and the West Coast of America. From 1880 the company built up a fleet of ocean going steamships and a new company, English & American Shipping Co. Ltd was formed in 1888 to operate passenger and cargo services, mostly between Liverpool, St. John's and New York. They also operated the Red Cross Line (New York, Newfoundland & Halifax SS Co.) from the early 1880s, which ran a passenger and freight service along the Atlantic Seaboard to New York and later expanded into the cruising business out of New York. Heavy ship losses were encountered in WWI and the Red Cross Line was sold and their ships transferred to Furness, Withy & Co's Bermuda & West Indies SS Co. in 1929. The English & American Shipping Co. was liquidated in 1919 and a new company "The Bowring Steamship Co." was formed. The passenger trade was dropped about this time and Bowrings concentrated on the oil tanker, iron ore and freight business.

see also http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=37385

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Funnel:
Black with broad white band and red St. Andrew's cross.

Fleet:

    Steamers  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Adra (1) 1895 1912 sold to W. Kunstmann, Germany renamed Svionia. 2,796
Adra (2) 1917 1933 sold to Greece renamed Ia. 4,860
Alba 1901 30th January 1905 wrecked Zandveert on passage Newport News to Amsterdam. 3,733
Anthea 1924 8th December 1940 sunk in collision off Cape Race. 5,186
Avalon 1888 1899 sold to Spain renamed Bat. 2,083
Beacon Light 1890 1899 purchased from R. Stewart & Co., Liverpool, 19th February 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Butt of Lewis. 2,763
Bear Creek 1890 25th December 1892 abandoned in North Atlantic at 45.25N 34.22W on passage Amsterdam to Philadelphia. 2,411
Benedick (1) 1888 ex- Arbib Brothers , 1897 purchased from Arbib Bros., London renamed Benedick. 1912 sold to France-British SS Co., London. 2,717
Benedick (2) 1928 1953 sold to Liberia renamed Nonna Maro. 6,955
Benisaf 1889 28th December 1894 wrecked Cape Bonavista, Newfoundland. 1,934
Benjamin Bowring 1952 ex- Martin Karlsen, 1979 purchased from Karlsen Shipping, Halifax N.S renamed Benjamin Bowring, 1983 sold to Halba Shipping, London renamed Arctic Gael. 1,239
Bona 1890 1906 sold to Greece renamed Lula. 2,427
Brika 1908 13th March 1917 torpedoed and sunk near Coningbeg Lightship. 3,549
Camillo (1) 1908 ex- Joyo Maru , 1909 purchased from Japan renamed Camillo, 1934 scrapped. 5,135
Camillo (2)   see Regent Lion.  
Cape Breton 1940 1962 scrapped. 6,044
Capulet (1) 1884 23rd June1896 wrecked St. Shotts, Newfoundland on passage Halifax, NS to Liverpool. 2,246
Capulet (2) 1930 28th April 1941 torpedoed and sunk in Atlantic at 60.10N 17.00W. 8,190
Capulet (3)   see Regent Tiger.  
Capulet (4) 1971 bulk carrier, 1984 sold renamed Yargara. 16,530
Catalone 1901 1915 sold to J. Constant, London then re-sold to Plissen S.N. Co., Cardiff renamed Thermidor. 3,788
Cordelia (1) 1912 1930 sold to Italy renamed Poseidone. 6,533
Cordelia (2) 1932 3rd February 1943 torpedoed and sunk in Atlantic at 56.37N 22.58W. 8,190
Cymbeline (1) 1902 4th September 1915 torpedoed and sunk 30 miles from Fastness. 4,505
Cymbeline (2) 1927 2nd September 1940 sunk by German surface raider Widder in Atlantic at 28.00N 35.00W. 6,317
Desdemona (1) 1917 1917 taken over by U.S. Shipping Board renamed Chestnut Hill. 4,936
Desdemona (2) 1978 1984 sold renamed Boka. 17,940
Dominion 1902 1916 renamed Gafsa, 28.3.1917 torpedoed and sunk off Kinsale Head, Ireland. 4,021
El Aleto 1927 1953 scrapped. 7,203
El Ciervo 1923 ex- Tricentrol , 1926 purchased from Trinidad Central Oilfields Ltd, London renamed El Ciervo, 1950 sold to Stevinson, Hardy & Co., London renamed Bratton. 5,841
El Gallo 1941 ex- Empire Emerald , 1946 purchased from Ministry of War Transport renamed El Gallo, 1959 scrapped. 8,032
El Grillo 1922 10th February 1944 sunk by air attack in Seidis Fjord, Iceland. 7,259
El Lobo (1) 1908 1931 sold to Italy renamed Taigete. 4,800
El Lobo (2) 1959 1976 scrapped. 12,078
El Mirlo 1930 1958 scrapped. 8,088
El Oso 1921 11th January 1940 mined and sunk off River Mersey. 7,267
El Toro 1913 2nd March 1917 wrecked on rocks, Co. Kerry. 5,958
El Zorro 1914 28th December 1915 torpedoed and sunk off Kinsale, Ireland. 5,889
Elba 1889 1889 sold to H. Bucknall & Sons, London. 2,293
Elsinore 1913 11th September 1914 captured by German cruiser Leipsig and sunk by gunfire. 6,542
Florizel 1909 24th February 1918 wrecked near Cape Race on passage St. John's Nfld. to Halifax NS; loss of 93 lives. 3,081
Forth Bridge 1967 1978 sold renamed Yauza. 28,467
Gafsa (1) 1906 16th June 1916 sunk by submarine shellfire 80 miles SW of Genoa. 3,922
Gafsa (2)   see Dominion.  
Gonzalo   see Regent Caribou.  
Guy Colin 1888 1898 sold to Norway renamed Aquila. 2,234
Hermione (1) 1906 1907 sold to Japan renamed Soyo Maru. 4,519
Hermione (2) 1908 1933 scrapped. 5,200
Huelva (1) 1894 1913 sold to Alexander & Mair, Glasgow, renamed Myrtlegrove. 2,642
Huelva (2) 1915 23 July 1917 torpedoed and sunk 270 miles SW from Fastnet. 4,867
Inca 1897 ex- Craigneuk , 1898 purchased from Craig Line SS Co., Leith, renamed Inca. 1916 sold to Watts, Watts & Co., London renamed Sandhurst. 3,593
Juliet 1881 6th October 1886 wrecked on Gingerbread Shoal on passage Cardiff to New Orleans. 2,090
Justin 1891 1892 purchased from A. Halland & Co., London, 1898 sold to U.S. Navy. 2,206
Kinsman 1901 1905 sold to Anglo-American Oil Co., London renamed Winnebago. 4,534
Lompoc 1914 1934 scrapped 7,270
London Bridge 1967 sold renamed M Istanbul K. 28,467
Lorca 1910 29th October 1916 left Norfolk, Va. for Calais and went missing. 4,129
Lucifer 1899 16th April 1907 abandoned in North Atlantic on passage New York to Dublin. 3,823
Merida 1918 30th December 1918 wrecked off Le Touquet. 5,951
Mira 1901 1903 sold to F. W. Beaumont, U.S.A, renamed Beaumont. 3,779
Miranda 1884 23rd August 1894 wrecked at 61.00N 59.00W off Greenland. 1,158
Mokta 1892 1912 sold to Spain renamed Butron. 2,434
Mora 1899 8th September 1915 sunk by submarine shellfire 68 miles W x S from Belle Ile. 3,047
Muelva 1915 23rd July 1917 torpedoed and sunk 270 miles SW from Fastnet. 4,867
Murcia (1) 1895 1913 sold to W. Schuchmann, Germany renamed Hispania. 2,644
Murcia (2) 1915 2nd November 1918 torpedoed and sunk 12 miles North from Port Said. 4,871
Mystic 1901 1915 sold to Greece renamed Kanaris. 3,793
Nerissa 1926 1928 sold to Bermuda & West Indies SS Co., Hamilton. 5,583
Noya 1912 30th August 1917 torpedoed and sunk off the Lizard. 4,282
Oberon 1907 1917 sold to Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co., renamed Argonauta. 5,142
Orlando 1960 1966 sold to Norway renamed Stolt Falcon. 14,154
Othello 1905 1915 sold to Whitehall S.N. Co., Cardiff, renamed Whitecourt. 3,680
Pola 1898 18th May 1917 torpedoed and sunk 280 miles WNW from Ushant. 3,053
Portia 1884 Jul.1899 wrecked on Big Fish Shoal on voyage New York to Halifax. 1,156
Prospero (1)   see Regent Leopard.  
Prospero (2)   see Regent Springbok.  
Regent Caribou 1951 1966 renamed Gonzalo, 1968 scrapped. 12,072
Regent Jaguar 1941 ex- Empire Jet , 1946 purchased from Ministry of War Transport, renamed Regent Jaguar, 1959 scrapped. 8,134
Regent Leopard 1949 1960 renamed Prospero, 1960 sold to France renamed Pontigny. 8,439
Regent Lion (1) 1937 17th February 1945 torpedoed and sunk SW of Gibraltar. 9,551
Regent Lion (2) 1945 ex- Empire Trinidad , 1943 purchased from Ministry of War Transport, renamed Regent Lion, 1955 renamed Camillo, 1960 scrapped. 8,217
Regent Panther 1937 1959 scrapped. 9,556
Regent Springbok 1951 1962 renamed Prospero, 1969 scrapped. 12,117
Regent Tiger (1) 1938 8th September 1939 torpedoed and sunk west of Ireland. 10,176
Regent Tiger (2) 1946 1954 renamed Capulet, 1966 scrapped. 9,960
Roda 1897 13th February 1908 wrecked on Long Island on passage Huelva to New York. 2,513
Romeo 1883 21st September 1887 ran aground and capsized in River Seine on passage New Orleans to Rouen. 2,279
Ronda 1920 1937 sold to Yugoslavia renamed Ivan Topic. 4,943
Rosalind (1) 1890 ex- Admiral , 1902 purchased from German East Africa Line, Hamburg renamed Rosalind. 1912 sold to St. Lawrence Shipping Co., Montreal, renamed City of Sydney. 2,568
Rosalind (2) 1913 6th April 1917 torpedoed and sunk 180 miles WNW from Fastnet. 6,535
Rosalind (3) 1911 ex- Lady Gwendolen , 1919 purchased from Dundee, Perth & London Shipping Co., renamed Rosalind. 1928 sold to Bermuda & West Indies SS Co., Hamilton. 2,163
Silvia (1) 1885 ex- Baghdadi , 1892 purchased from Persian Gulf SS Co., London, renamed Silvia. 14.3.1908 wrecked Vineyard Sound on passage New York to St. John's Nfld. 1,794
Silvia (2) 1913 23rd August 1915 sunk by submarine shellfire 47 miles West from Fastnet. 5,268
Silvia (3) 1909 ex- Orel , 1922 purchased from Russian Volunteer Fleet renamed Silvia, 1928 sold to Bermuda & West Indies SS Co., Hamilton. 3,589
Snowflake 1893 1912 sold to Lane & MacAndrew Ltd, London. 2,710
Stephano (1) 1911 8th October 1916 torpedoed and sunk off Nantucket Lightship. 3,449
Stephano (2) 1965 1978 sold to Greece renamed Maria. 16,166
Sydney Bridge 1970 1978 sold renamed Amorgos. 35,868
Tafna (1) 1887 Nov. 1896 stranded and abandoned as total loss. 1897 sold to Rowland & Marwood SS Co., Whitby, renamed Cornucopia. 2,231
Tafna (2) 1911 1927 sold to Wyn Shipping Co., London renamed Wynacre. 4,393
Titania 1880 24th January 1882 left New York for the Tyne and disappeared. 1,961
Trinculo (1) 1908 1933 scrapped. 5,203
Trinculo (2) 1957 1972 sold to W. Ritscher, Germany 11,206
Trinculo (3) 1978 1984 sold renamed Bijela. 17,835
Urla 1924 28th January 1941 torpedoed and sunk in N. Atlantic at 54.54N 19.00W. 5,148
Vera 1892 ex- Ashdown , 1896 purchased from Asdown SS Co., London renamed Vera. 1911 sold to Greece renamed Ioannis Th. Sifneo. 2,899
Zafra 1905 8th April 1916 captured and sunk by U.boat near Oran. 3,578
    Sailing Vessels & Minor Steamers owned
(full details not known)
 
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Adamantine 1877 iron barquentine, 1882 purchased, 1893 deleted from Lloyds Register. 204
Algerine 1880 built as a gunboat for the Royal Navy, 1892 sold to A. Kinnear, London, 1895 sold to Bowring, St John's NF, 1905 rebuilt to 505 g.t., 1912 crushed by ice at Baffin Island. 505
Aurora 1876 wood screw barque, 1894 purchased, no further details. 580
Britomart 1866 iron barque, 1882 deleted from Lloyds Register. 600
Carpesian   wood sailing vessel, 1896 purchased, no further details. 270
Cordelia 1867 iron barque, 1870 purchased, 1899 deleted from Lloyds Register. 598
Desdemona 1875 iron ship, no further details. 1,564
Eagle 1871 wooden steamer, 1877 purchased, 1893 deleted from Lloyds Register. 506
Falcon 1872 steamer, ex- Groenland , 1882 purchased, renamed Falcon, 1895 deleted from Lloyds Register. 458
Glenorchy 1882 steamer, 1893 purchased, no further details 2,229
Hamlet   sailing vessel, 1870 purchased, 1881 deleted from Lloyds Register. 1,264
Hermione 1854 iron ship, 1878 deleted from Lloyds Register. 383
Jessica 1863 iron barque, 1870 purchased, 1887 deleted from Lloyds Register. 546
Juliet 1869 iron ship, 1879 deleted from Lloyds Register. 1,243
Kite 1873 wooden steamer, ex- Norwegen , 1882 purchased renamed Kite, no further details. 280
May Cory 1875 wooden barquentine, 1881 purchased from J. James, Plymouth, 1899 deleted from Lloyds Register. 178
Oberon 1864 iron ship, 1885 deleted from Lloyds Register. 1,184
Ophelia 1863 iron ship, 1887 deleted from Lloyds Register. 1,184
Othello 1875 iron ship, no further details. 1,514
Plover 1877 steamer, 1882 purchased, 1887 deleted from Lloyds Register. 473
Romeo 1869 iron barque, 1882 deleted from Lloyds Register. 641
Terra Nova 1898 this was the Antarctic exploration vessel. 450
Viola 1868 iron barque, 1886 deleted from Lloyds Register. 595
William   wood sailing vessel, 1897 purchased, no further details. 198
Zoroaster   sailing vessel, 1870 purchased, 1877 deleted from Lloyds Register. 1,264
    Vessels Managed for the British Government  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Aase Maersk 1930 owned by A. P. Moller, Copenhagen, managed 1940-1945, 1945 returned to owners. 6,184
Empire Emerald   see El Gallo, managed 1941-1946.  
Empire Jet   see Regent Jaguar, managed 1943-1946.  
Empire Oil 1941 managed 1941-1942, 10.9.1942 torpedoed and sunk in North Atlantic. 8,029
Fort Gibralter 1942 managed 1942-1946, 1946 returned to U.S. Maritime Commission. 7,134
Gerfrid 1913 ex- German , managed 1919-1920, 1920 sold to St. Just SS Co., Cardiff renamed Royal City. 5,411
Gneisenau 1903 ex-North German Lloyd, managed 1919-1921, 1921 sold to Italy renamed Citta di Genova. 8,185
Hebe 1890 ex- Wm. Eisenach , Germany, managed 1919-1921, 1921 scrapped. 3,635
Marie Maersk 1928 owned by A. P. Moller, Copenhagen, managed 1940-1941, 12th April 1941 sunk by air attack at Piraeus, Greece. 8,271
Ocean Athlete 1942 managed 1942-1943, 1943 sold to Netherlands Government renamed Govert Flinck. 7,178
Samleyte 1944 managed 1944-1947, 1947 returned to U.S. Maritime Commission. 7,253

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Last updated: September 10, 2011 and maintained by and M. Kohli