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The Fleets

P. Henderson & Co. / British & Burmese Steam Navigation Co.

Formed at Glasgow in 1829 to operate the marble trade from Italy and the export of coal. In 1845, a service from Glasgow to Bombay and Australia was started and in 1848 the company entered the emigrant trade to New Zealand with calls at Burma for cargo on the return voyage, initially with chartered ships. A subsidiary company, Albion Shipping Co. was formed in 1864 and this amalgamated with Shaw, Savill Line in 1882 to form Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. In 1874, the British & Burmese Steam Navigation Co. was formed to operate regular liner sailings to Burma. In 1947, ships were chartered to Elder Dempster Lines who purchased the company and fleet in 1952. The chartered ships were retained on the West Africa routes while P. Henderson & Co. continued to manage the Burma traders. In 1965 Ocean Steamship Co. acquired control of the group and in 1967 the six day war closed the Suez Canal and Henderson's service to Burma ceased and their last three ships transferred to Elder Dempster routes. The last Henderson ship was sold in 1970 and the name of Henderson disappeared from the shipowning scene.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1829 - 1848 Glasgow - Mediterranean ports - Livorno.
  • 1845 - 1849 Glasgow - Bombay - Australia
  • 1848 - 1883 Glasgow - New Zealand - (Burma) - Liverpool / Glasgow.
  • 1860 - 1967 Glasgow / Liverpool / Birkenhead - Burma. Glasgow / Birkenhead - Gibraltar - (Palma) - Marseilles - Port Said - Port Sudan (1909) - Aden - (Colombo) - Rangoon.
                         Reverse London - Hull - Leith - Glasgow or London - Avonmouth - Liverpool - Glasgow.
  • 1947 - 1970 Liverpool / Birkenhead - West Africa.

note: MOWT = Ministry of War Transport

Funnel: Black

Fleet:
    Sailing Ships  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Agnes Muir 1869 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1870 Burma service, 1879 sold to Killick, Martin & Co, London. 851
Auckland 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,320
Caledonia 1855 barque, 1865 sold to Gourlay & Co., Glasgow. 428
Canterbury 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,290
Caribou 1864 ship, 1865 transferred to Albion Line, 1869 destroyed by fire at sea. 1160
Christian McAusland 1869 ship, New Zealand service, 1877 transferred to Albion Line, 1878 wrecked in Java Sea. 1,041
City of Dunedin 1863 ship, New Zealand emigrant trade, 1864 transferred to Albion Line, 1879 sold to J. Ritson, Maryport. 1,085
Constance 1859 ship, 1859 sold shortly after completion as too small for the emigrant trade. 351
Cossipore 1851 1852 purchased from W. Powell, London, 1859 chartered to Shaw Savill & Co., 1865 sold to Shaw Savill & Co. 836
Dunedin 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1890 went missing at sea. 1,308
Edward P. Bouverie 1864 ship, 1865 transferred to Albion Line, 1873 sold to Shaw, Savill & Co. 997
Elizabeth Fleming 1867 ship, London - India service, 1871 destroyed by fire. 728
Grasmere 1862 no further info on this ship. 432
Helen Burns 1867 ship, Albion Line Burma service, 1877 sold to Swansea Ship Co., Swansea. 799
Helen Denny 1866 ship, Albion Line Burma service, 1873 sold to Shaw, Savill & Co. 728
Helenslee 1862 ship, 1864 transferred to Albion Line, 1876 sold to Norwegian owners. 798
Invercargill 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,310
James Nicol Fleming 1869 1869 1050 ton ship, New Zealand service, 1877 sold to Albion Line, 1878 renamed Napier, 1881 sold to J. Hossack, Liverpool. 1,050
Jane 1840 brig, 1845 purchased from Glasgow owners, 1855 sold to Glasgow owners and resold to Melbourne gold digger. 147
Jane Davie 1868 ship, Albion Line Burma service, 1872 wrecked. 800
Jane Henderson 1859 ship, New Zealand emigrant trade, 1860 Burma trade, 1864 transferred to Albion Line. 1872 sold to Taylor, Bethell & Roberts, London. 585
Jessie Redman 1869 ship, Albion Line New Zealand - China - UK service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1893 wrecked on Chatham Island. 1,013
Lady Douglas 1856 ship, New Zealand emigrant trade, 1860 Burma trade, 1864 transferred to Albion Line, 1872 sold to Taylor, Bethell & Roberts, London. 594
Lydia 1849 1859 sold to Sharpe & Co., Newcastle. 541
Lyttelton 1878 barque, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,180
Margaret Galbraith 1868 ship, Burma trade, 1876 sold to Shaw, Savill & Co. 841
Marlborough 1876 ship, owned by James Galbraith and operated within the Shaw, Savill fleet, 1880 owned by John Leslie and merged into the Walter Savill fleet. 1891 went missing off Cape Horn. 1,191
Napier   see James Nicol Fleming.  
Nelson 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,310
Oamaru 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,364
Ontario 1845 ship, quarter share owned, 1852 share sold to Sharpe & Co., Newcastle. 432
Otago 1869 ship, 1877 transferred to Albion Line, 1881 sold to Grierson & Co., Adelaide. 1,048
Peter Denny 1865 ship, 1865 transferred to Albion Line, 1878 sold to J. W. Turner, Glasgow. 998
Peter Senn 1825 barque, 1852 sold to Belfast owners and taken to Melbourne for the gold rush trade. 195
Pladda 1857 ship, 1859 purchased, New Zealand emigrant trade, 1863 sold to H. Andrews, Belfast. 983
Robert Henderson 1857 ship, New Zealand emigrant trade, 1860 Burma trade, 1864 transferred to Albion Line, 1871 sold to Shaw, Savill & Co. 552
Taranaki 1877 barque, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1882 sold to John Leslie, 1883 operated by Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,193
Timaru 1874 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,364
Tom and Jessie 1827 brig, 1829 purchased from Henry Wylie, London, 1846 sold. 199
Vicksburg 1863 ship, 1864 transferred to Albion Line, 1869 sold to F. Groen, Amsterdam renamed Nehalennia. 1,244
Viola 1861 ship, 1871 sold to B. Vaughan, St. John's, Nfld. 1,134
Wave Queen 1861 ship, Clyde - New Zealand - Rangoon trade, 1865 transferred to Albion Line, 1873 sold to Park Bros., London. 853
Wellington 1874 Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,247
Westland 1878 barque, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,186
Wild Deer 1863 ship, 1864 purchased by Albion Line from W. Walker, London, New Zealand - China - UK service, 1883 transferred to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. 1,016
William Davie 1866 ship, Albion Line New Zealand service, 1881 sold to Richardson Bros, Swansea. 841
William Watson 1845 ship, 1848 purchased from William Watson, Glasgow, 1865 sold to MacFarlane, Greenock. 432
    Steamships  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Altenfels 1915 ex- Hansa Line, 1919 ceded to Britain as war reparations, 1920 sold to Prince Line, renamed Eastern Prince. 7,569
Amarapoora (1) 1871 1873 sold to Union S.N.Co., resold to J. S. Lapraig, Aberdeen renamed Kwangchow. 1873 wrecked near Aden. 1,335
Amarapoora (2) 1874 1892 sold to Amarapoora SS Co., Glasgow. 2,464
Amarapoora (3) 1901 1912 sold to Prentice, Service & Henderson, Glasgow. 4,546
Amarapoora (4) 1920 1939 became hospital ship HMS Amarapoora. 1946 acquired by Ministry of Transport, 1948 converted to emigrant ship, 1951 renamed Captain Hobson. 1959 scrapped. 8,084
Arracan (1) 1871 1873 wrecked on Maldive Islands. 1,841
Arracan (2) 1882 1898 sold to Austro-Americana SS Co, Trieste, renamed Ragusa. 2,880
Arracan (3) 1900 1911 sold to Messageries Maritimes, France, renamed Ispahan. 3,910
Arracan (4) 1912 1938 sold to Stanhope SS Co., renamed Stanmore. 5,520
Ava (1) 1895 1905 stranded near Moulmein, Burma total loss. 3,895
Ava (2) 1906 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U-Boat off S.W. Ireland; loss of 92 lives. 5,076
Ava (3)   completed as Amarapoora (4)  
Avagyee 1869 Burmese coast feeder ship, 1871 transferred to British India S.N.Co. 427
Bhamo (1) 1894 1901 sold to Ellerman & Papayanni Line, renamed Austrian. 3,127
Bhamo (2) 1907 1938 scrapped at Japan. 5,239
Bhamo (3) 1957 1967 transferred to Guinea Gulf Line, 1979 scrapped. 5,932
Burma (1) 1896 1906 sold to Steamship Hamilton Co., Glasgow, renamed Hamilton. 3,342
Burma (2) 1914 1949 sold to Cia de Nav. Florentia, Panama, renamed Florentia, used on emigrant service to Australia. 7,470
Captain Hobson   see Amarapoora (4)  
Chindwin 1910 1938 sold to Soc. Misr de Navagation Maritime, Alexandria, renamed Rod-el-Farag. 1940 chartered to MOWT, 1944 destroyed in Bombay Dock explosion (see http://www.chennaionline.com/columns/safety/safety81.asp ) 6,284
Chittagong 1881 1891 sold to W. R. Corfield & Co., London. 1,912
Daga 1921 ex- Malia, 1926 purchased from Brocklebank Line, renamed Daga, 1934 sold to Andrew Weir & Co., renamed Kelvinbank. 3,872
Daldorch 1930 1941 purchased from Daldorch SS Co., Glasgow, 1945 sold to Head Line, Belfast, renamed Lord Glentoran. 5,570
Dalhanna 1930 1941 purchased from Dalhanna Co., Glasgow, 1945 sold to Head Line, Belfast, renamed Lord O'Neill. 5,571
Dalla 1961 1964 transferred to Elder Dempster & Co., 1980 sold to Greece, renamed Marmaras. 6,564
Donga 1960 1964 transferred to Elder Dempster & Co., 1981 sold to Greece, renamed Diamant Merchant. 6,565
Dumbaia 1960 1981 sold to Questnorth Ltd., Douglas. 6,558
Glenelg 1873 1878 chartered from Devitt & Moore, London by Albion Line for one experimental steamship voyage to New Zealand. 1,316
Henzada (1) 1909 1933 scrapped Japan. 5,821
Henzada (2) 1934 1943 torpedoed and sunk in Atlantic. 4,161
Irrawaddy (1) 1873 1897 sold to Trinidad Shipping & Trading Co, Glasgow. 2,517
Irrawaddy (2) 1903 1914 sold to Trinidad Shipping & Trading Co., Glasgow, renamed Maraval. 5,066
Irrawaddy (3) 1928 1938 sold to French Line, renamed Loire. 4225
Kabala 1958 1960 transferred to Elder Dempster & Co., 1973 sold to Greece, renamed Papamaurice. 5,445
Kadeik 1952 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1966 sold to Liberia, renamed Kyra Katina. 7,489
Kaduna 1956 1972 transferred to China Mutual S.N.Co., 1973 sold to Liberia, renamed Regent Reliance. 5,599
Kaladan 1950 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1963 sold to Panama, renamed Activity. 4,916
Kalaw   see Prahsu.  
Kalewa (1) 1940 1942 sunk in collision with Danish ship near Cape Town. 4,389
Kalewa (2) 1947 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1963 sold to Panama, renamed Sincerity. 4,876
Kanbe (1) 1941 1942 torpedoed and sunk off Liberia with all hands lost. 6,057
Kanbe (2) 1948 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1962 sold to Liberia, renamed Loyalty. 4,878
Kandaw 1955 owned by Elder Dempster & Co., 1967 sold to Panama, renamed Honesty. 5,599
Kansi 1943 ex- Frank D. Finney, MOWT managed by Henderson, renamed Samovar, 1947 purchased by Henderson renamed Kansi, 1948 sold to T & J. Harrison, Liverpool renamed Colonial. 7,277
Katha (1) 1938 1943 torpedoed and sunk in Atlantic. 4,357
Katha (2) 1947 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1962 sold to Liberia, also renamed Sincerity. 4,878
Kemmendine 1924 1940 sunk by German surface raider Atlantis, south of Ceylon. 7,837
Kentung 1954 owned by Elder Dempster & Co., 1972 sold to Panama. 5,558
Kindat (1) 1938 1948 sold to Normanton SS Co., London, renamed Lord Church. 4,358
Kindat (2) 1950 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1963 sold to Panama, renamed Fidelity. 5,530
Kohima (1) 1953 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1966 sold to Panama, renamed Festivity. 5,597
Kohima (2)   see Prahsu.  
Koyan 1952 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1966 sold to Panama, renamed Audacity. 5,537
Kumba 1958 1964 transferred to Elder Dempster & Co., 1972 transferred to China Mutual S.N.Co, 1973 sold to Panama, renamed Regent Liberty. 5,439
Mandalay (1) 1871 sold to Portuguese Government before completion renamed India. 1,302
Mandalay (2) 1872 1887 sold to Raeburn & Verel, Glasgow. 1,907
Mandalay (3) 1898 1910 sold to Messageries Maritimes, France, renamed Caucase. 3,881
Mandalay (4) 1911 1947 scrapped. 5,518
Martaban (1) 1873 1893 sold to Fabre Line, Marseilles, renamed Olbia. 2,517
Martaban (2) 1904 1932 scrapped. 5,106
Martaban (3) 1934 1948 sold to Aviation & Shipping Co, London, renamed Avisglen. 4,160
Martaban (4) 1949 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1965 sold to China Merchants S.N. Co., Taipei, renamed Hai Ho. 5,740
Mecklenburg 1892 ex- Hamburg America Line, 1919 ceded to Britain as war reparations, 1922 sold to Spain, renamed Antolina Ponte. 3,433
Pegu (1) 1889 1896 sold to Compagnia Trasatlantica, Barcelona, renamed Alicante. 3,661
Pegu (2) 1900 1914 sold to Trinidad Shipping & Trading Co., renamed Mayaro. 3,896
Pegu (3) 1913 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U-Boat off Galley Head, Ireland. 6,348
Pegu (4) 1921 1939 grounded in River Mersey and broke in two. 8,084
Pegu (5) 1942 1950 sold to Ben Line, renamed Benattow. 7,838
Pegu (6) 1961 1964 transferred to Elder Dempster & Co., 1966 transferred to Guinea Gulf Line, 1972 reverted to Elder Dempster, 1975 again to Guinea Gulf Line, 1980 sold to Sidebank Investments Ltd, Douglas, renamed Regu. 5,764
Prahsu 1959 launched for Elder Dempster & Co., 1964 transferred to Henderson Line renamed Kalaw, 1966 reverted to Elder Dempster renamed Kohima (2), 1973 scrapped Taiwan. 5,445
Prome (1) 1893 1901 sold to Ellerman's Hall Line, renamed Locksley Hall. 3,580
Prome (2) 1937 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1962 scrapped at Bruges. 7,043
Rangoon 1897 1907 sold to Nautilus SS Co., Sunderland, renamed Palm Branch. 3,891
Sagaing 1925 1942 bombed and destroyed by Japanese aircraft at Trincomalee. 7,994
Salween 1937 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1962 scrapped Hong Kong. 7,063
Sittang 1910 ex- Liddesdale, 1919 purchased from MacKill SS Co., Glasgow, renamed Sittang, 1935 scrapped. 4,403
Sunjarv 1958 ex- Glenfjell, 1964 purchased from Olsen & Ugelstad and operated under Saguenay Terminals colours in the Canadian newsprint trade to the UK. 1970 sold to Bermuda. 10,179
Taiaora 1875 Albion Line New Zealand coastal feeder service, 1876 sold to Union SS Co. of New Zealand. 438
Tenasserim (1) 1871 1874 wrecked near Cape Guardafui, Somalia. 1,837
Tenasserim (2) 1875 1894 sold to Burrell & Son. 2,693
Tenasserim (3) 1905 1918 destroyed by fire at Rangoon. 5,089
Wolfram 1915 ex- German (uncompleted at end of war), 1919 ceded to Britain as war reparations, 1920 sold to David SS Co., London, renamed Netley Abbey. 5,952
Yoma (1) 1928 1943 torpedoed and sunk off Derna, Mediterranean while trooping; loss of 500+ lives. 8,230
Yoma (2) 1948 1952 taken over by Elder Dempster & Co. 1965 sold to China Merchants S.N. Co., Taipei, renamed Hai Ping. 5,909
Yoma (3) 1958 launched as Daru for Elder Dempster & Co., 1965 transferred to Henderson, renamed Yoma, 1966 reverted to Daru, transferred to Guinea Gulf Line, 1979 sold to Liberia, renamed Lone Eagle. 6,340
Yomah 1926 1927 sold to Trinder, Anderson & Co., renamed Ashburton. 5,047
    Wartime Managed Ships  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Alberte le Borgne 1914 ex- French, 1940 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1943 transferred to army as stevedore training ship. 3,921
Botwey 1916 ex- Manchester Producer (Manchester Liners Ltd.), 1939 MOWT managed by Henderson renamed Botwey, 1941 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland. 5,106
Empire Athelstan 1946 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1947 sold to Ben Line, renamed Benalbanach. 7,795
Empire Citizen 1922 ex- Wahehe (German East Africa Line), 1941 captured by R.N., renamed Empire Citizen, managed by Henderson, 1941 torpedoed and sunk in North Atlantic. 4,690
Nevada II 1915 ex- Nevada (French Line), 1940 MOWT managed by Henderson, renamed Nevada II, 1942 stranded on Scottish coast, total loss. 5,693
Ocean Viceroy 1942 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1948 sold to Clan Line, renamed Clan Kenneth. 7,174
Sambut 1943 MOWT managed by Henderson, sunk on D-Day by German long range guns in Straits of Dover; loss of 150+ lives. 7,219
Samlossie 1944 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1947 sold to Counties Ship Management, London, renamed Barn Hill. 7,219
Samneagh 1944 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1947 sold to Counties Ship Management, London, renamed Stamford Hill. 7,219
Samphire 1943 MOWT managed by Henderson, 1947 returned to U.S. Maritime Commission, renamed Montford Stokes. 7,219

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