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The Fleets

New York & Liverpool United States' Mail Steamship Company / Collins Line

The New York & Liverpool United States' Mail Steamship Company, commonly known as the Collins Line, was founded in New York c1848. They made the first voyages, New York to Liverpool, in 1850 in 9 days 13 hours and 30 minutes. The company never fully recovered from the losses of the ARCTIC in 1854 and PACIFIC in 1856. Disruptions to services due to breakdowns and protracted repairs, late delivery of the new ship ADRIATIC, etc caused the failure of the line and operations were suspended in Feb.1858. Their remaining ships were sold to the principal creditors at a sheriff's sale.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes: 1850 - 1858 New York - Liverpool

Black with red top


Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Adriatic 1857 only made one voyage for Collins, 1858 laid up, 1859 sold to North Atlantic SS Co. 4,145
Arctic 1850 Sept 1854 in collision with SS Vesta near Cape Race; loss of 285-351 lives. 2,856
Atlantic 1850 1858 laid up, 1859 sold to North Atlantic SS Co. (picture) 2,845
Baltic 1850 1858 laid up, 1859 sold to North Atlantic SS Co. 2,123
Columbia 1856 chartered from Spofford, Tileston & Co for two round voyages. 2,123
Ericcson 1856 chartered from John B.Kitching from 1856-57 for 11 round voyages. 1,902
Nashville 1855 chartered from Spofford, Tileston & Co for one round voyage. 1,220
Pacific 1850 26 June 1856 left Liverpool and went missing; loss of 186-286 lives. 2,707
Quaker City 1857 chartered from Philadelphia & Charleston Line for one round voyage. 1,427

Ad for Collins From The Atlantic Ferry, by A. Maginnis, 1892 (dated 1854), pp 251-252

The Rate of Freight by these Steamers is 6 Sterling per Ton Measurement, until further notice.

Freight must be paid in advance on goods consigned to order, unless the Names of the Consignees are given at the time of shipment, and upon all Goods when the amount included in one Bill of Lading does not exceed 6 Sterling.

The Rate of Chief Cabin Passage by these Steamers is 30, reserving Four of the largest State Rooms in the Pacific for Families, for which an Extra Price will be charged.

These Steamers have superior accommodation for a limited number of Second Cabin Passengers, at 20 each, including Provisions. All Parcels charged 5s. and upwards, according to size.

  These Vessels are appointed to sail as follows:

From Liverpool:

Atlantic Wednesday, 26th July
Baltic Wednesday, 9th Aug
Arctic Wednesday, 23rd Aug
Atlantic Wednesday, 6th Sept
Baltic Wednesday, 20th Sept
And every alternate Wednesday.

From New York

Atlantic Saturday, 8th July
Baltic Saturday, 22nd July
Arctic Saturday, 5th Aug
Atlantic Saturday, 19th Aug
Baltic Saturday, 2nd Sept
And every alternate Saturday.
United States Mail Steamers
Between Liverpool And New York
[Collins Line, now extinct]
The Steamships comprising this Line are the
Atlantic Capt. West Arctic Capt. Luce
Pacific Capt. Nye Baltic Capt. Comstock

N.B.-No Goods for the Atlantic can be taken after Two o'clock p.m. on Tuesday, the 25th instant, nor can Parcels be received after Six o'clock in the evening of that day.

Freight on goods, payable at New York, is charged at the rate of Four Dollars and Eighty Cents to the Pound Sterling.

Dogs, 5 each.

An experienced Surgeon is attached to each Ship.

The Owners of these ships will not be accountable for Gold, Silver, bullion, specie, Jewellery, Precious Stones, or Metals, unless Bills of Lading are signed therefor, and the value thereof therein expressed.

* No Berth secured until the Passage Money is paid.

Steamships ply regularly between New York and Charleston, Savannah, Havana, Jamaica, New Orleans, and Chagres. Goods destined to any of these Ports, and addressed to E.K. collins and Co., New York, by the above Steamers, will be forwarded with despatch and economy.

The Steam-tug company's boat Samson will leave the Landing-Stage, George's Pierhead, at Ten o'clock, a.m., on Wednesday the 26th instant, with the Passengers for the Atlantic.

Passengers will be charged Freight on their personal Luggage when it exceeds Half-a-Ton Measurement.

For Freight or Passage apply to Messrs. E.K. Collins and Co., New York; John Munroe and Co., 26, Rue Notre Dame des Victoires, Paris; G.H. Draper, 79, Rue d'Orleans, Havre; Stephen Kennard and Co., 27, Austin Friars, London; or to Brown, Shipley and Co., Liverpool.


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