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The Fleets

Unione Austriaca (Austro-Americana) / Cosulich Line

The Unione Austriaca Company was founded in 1903 by Fratelli Cosulich of Trieste, when this city was ruled by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Passenger services from Trieste for Messina, Naples, Palermo and New York started in 1904. In 1907 services to New Orleans and South America commenced, but the New Orleans route was discontinued the following year. Agreement was reached with Canadian Pacific in 1913 to provide alternate sailings from Trieste to Canada, but this was not found to be economical and after six voyages in 1913, the service was not resumed. The company's services ceased on the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 and after the Armistice, and the change of rule of Trieste from Austria to Italy, the company was re-established as the Cosulich Line. Passenger services operated from Mediterranean ports to New York and to South America. A new company named ITALIA (Italia Flotte Riuniti Cosulich-Lloyd Sabaudo-NGI) was formed in 1932 by the amalgamation of Italian passenger companies and Cosulich was co-ordinated with this concern, but retained it's own management. In 1937 ITALIA was liquidated and replaced by Italia Societa Anonima di Navigazione which absorbed the Cosulich Line.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1903-1937 Trieste - Las Palmas - Buenos Aires
  •                    Trieste - New York
  • 1907-1908 Trieste - New Orleans
  • 1907-1937 Trieste - Rio de Janeiro
  • 1913           Trieste - Canada.
  • 1919           Services commenced from Genoa.

Funnel:
Red funnel with black top, broad white band on the red.

Fleet:

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Alberta (1) 1900 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1917 sold to Japan renamed Atagasan Maru. 4,044
Alberta (2) 1922 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,131
Alice 1907 1914 interned in Brazil, 1917 seized by Brazil renamed Asia, 1919 ceded to Fabre Line, France. 6,122
Amazzonia 1916 1933-1935 chartered from Lloyd Triestino. 7,039
Anna (1) 1899 1908 sold to Harper & Co, Cardiff renamed Branksome Chine. 2,095
Anna (2) 1915 1916 interned at New Orleans, 1921 returned to Cosulich Line, 1925 renamed Anna C, 1932 transferred to Italia, 1937 sold to Achille Lauro. renamed Gianicola. 7,195
Anna C   see Anna (2)  
Argentina 1907 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1926 sold to Florio Soc. Italiana di Nav., Rome. 5,526
Atlanta 1908 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. di Nav. 4,897
Auguste 1900 1913 sold to Japan renamed Nissei Maru. 2,709
Belvedere 1913 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 7,166
Canada 1898 ex- Bulgaria, 1913 transferred from HAPAG renamed Canada, 1914 reverted to HAPAG, renamed Bulgaria. 10,237
Carla 1921 1933 sold to Brazil renamed Piratiny. 5,187
Carolina 1905 1919 tansferred to Italian flag, 1932 transferred to Italia, scrapped. 4,731
Clara (1) 1903 1914 interned at Newport News, 1917 transferred to Polish American Nav. Co., renamed Krakow. 3,932
Clara (2) 1922 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,131
Columbia 1908 1915 interned in Spain, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1931 sold to Greece renamed Annoula. 5,465
Dora (1) 1904 1908 sold to French Line renamed Caravelle. 2,531
Dora (2) 1922 1925 renamed Dora C, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 5,858
Dora C   see Dora (2)  
Elda 1877 ex- Grampus, 1907 purchased from G & J. Burns, Glasgow renamed Elda, 1909 transferred to Achaia SS Co, Patras, 1919 scrapped. 670
Eleni 1877 ex- Seal, 1907 purchased from G & J. Burns, Glasgow renamed Eleni, 1909 transferred to Achaia SS Co, Patras, 1920 scrapped. 679
Emilia 1900 1903 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1925 scrapped after grounding. 3,597
Erny (1) 1904 1912 sold to Japan renamed Niitaka Maru. 2,531
Erny (2) 1914 1914 interned at Boston, Mass, 1917 seized by USA, 1920 sold to Polish American Nav. Co renamed Warszawa. 6,515
Eugenia 1906 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U-Boat off Ireland. 4,835
Federica 1899 1903 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1915-1919 interned in Spain, 1919 returned to Cosulich Line, 1925 sold to Malabar Shipping Co, London renamed Carnac. 3,530
Francesca 1905 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1926 scrapped. 4,946
Frieda (1) 1904 1905 wrecked near Tarifa, Spain. 2,480
Frieda (2) 1900 1905 transferred from Schenker, Cosulich & Co, Trieste, 1907 renamed Hermine, 1912 sold to French Line. 3,799
Frigida 1887 ex- Star of Victoria, 1911 purchased from Corry & Co. renamed Frigida, 1913 sold to Argentina renamed Moinho Fluminense. 3,291
Gelida 1874 ex- Blanes, 1912 purchased from Spain renamed Gelida, 1915 mined and sunk. 112
Georgia 1889 ex- Regina Elena, 1904 purchased from Puglia, Bari renamed Georgia, 1907 sold to Japan renamed Shinsei Maru. 2,811
Gerty 1903 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1928 sold to Anglo Maritime Shipping, London renamed City of Candia. 4,212
Gilda (1) 1881 ex- Italia, 1907 purchased from Germany renamed Gilda, feeder ship, 1915 sank off Salvore, Italy. 859
Gilda (2) 1921 1933 sold to Brazil renamed Port Alegre. 5,187
Giulia (1) 1904 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1923 abandoned in North Atlantic and sank. 4,337
Giulia (2) 1925 1925 5921 tons, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 5,921
Hermine   see Frieda (2)  
Ida (1) 1906 1915 interned in USA, 1917 seized by USA, operated by US Shipping Board, 1920 sold to Polish American Nav. Co. renamed Pulawski, 1922 renamed Ida same owner, 1924 sold to Japan renamed Ida Maru. 4,730
Ida (2) 1922 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,126
Irene 1905 1912 sold to Japan renamed Toyen Maru. 3,563
Jenny 1899 1903 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1916 sold to Japan renamed Tenryu Maru. 2,437
Josephine 1868 ex- Deutscher Kaiser, 1907 purchased from Germany renamed Josephine, 1911 scrapped. 1,327
Kaiser Franz Josef I 1912 1919 transferred to Italian flag renamed Presidente Wilson, 1930 transferred to Lloyd Triestino renamed Gange. 12,567
Lacroma 1883 1905 transferred from Schenker, Coulich & Co, 1906 sold to Japam renamed Taki Maru. 3,066
Laura (1) 1907 1914 interned at Bahia, Brazil, 1917 seized by Brazil renamed Europa, 1919 ceded to France renamed Braga by Fabre Line. 6,122
Laura (2) 1923 1925 renamed Laura C, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,181
Laura C   see Laura (2).  
Lodovica 1898 ex- Laureldene, 1900 purchased from Dene SS Co, Newcastle renamed Lodovica, 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1929 sold to Massone & Faridone, Genoa renamed Montevideo. 3,468
Lucia (1) 1900 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1913 sold to Japan renamed Nisshu Maru. 2,265
Lucia (2) 1921 1925 renamed Lucia C, 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,126
Lucia C   see Lucia (2)  
Margherita 1900 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1913 sold to Japan renamed Nichiyo Maru. 3,269
Maria (1) 1901 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1914 seized by Italian Government, 1918 sold to C. Lemos, Chios. 3,090
Maria (2) 1926 1937 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,339
Marianne 1900 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1919 transferred to Italian flag, 1923 scrapped. 3,485
Martha Washington 1908 1914 interned at New York, 1917 seized by USA, became troopship, 1922 returned to Cosulich Line, 1932 transferred to Italia renamed Tel Aviv, 1934 scrapped. 8,312
Nelda 1921 1924 sold to Veneziana renamed Marco Polo. 5,187
Oceania 1908 1918 mined off Istria and blown up by Austrians to avoid capture. 5,497
Polonia 1899 1913 transferred from HAPAG, 1914 reverted to HAPAG. 11,464
Presidente Wilson   see Kaiser Franz Josef I.  
Pronta 1913 tug at Trieste, 1937 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 182
Ressel 1874 ex- P. Caland, 1897 purchased from Holland America Line renamed Ressel, 1899 sold to Cie de Nav. Paquet, Marseille renamed Caramanie. 2,540
San Giusto 1890 ex- Furst Bismarck, 1919 purchased from HAPAG renamed San Giusto, 1929 scrapped. 8,430
Saturnia 1927 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 23,940
Sofia Hohenburg 1905 1920 transferred to Italian flag, 1929 scrapped. 5,491
Stella d'Italia 1904 ex- Fort Hamilton, 1926 purchased from Bermuda & West Indies SS Co renamed Stella d'Italia. 1932 transferred to Lloyd Triestino. 5,530
Teresa (1) 1900 1905 transferred from Fratelli Cosulich, Trieste, 1914 interned in USA, 1917 taken over by U.S. Shipping Board, retained. 3,769
Teresa (2) 1922 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 6,131
Urania 1914 1932-1935 chartered from Lloyd Triestino. 7,039
Virginia 1906 1914 interned in USA, 1917 taken over by US Authorities, sold to Kerr Navigation Corp, New York renamed Kerlew. 3,563
Vulcania 1928 1932 transferred to Italia Soc. Anon. 23,940

 

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Conte Grande 1927 1935 chartered from ITALIA for four round voyages. 25,661
Neptunia* 1932 1932 transferred to Italia S.A.di Nav. on completion, 1941 torpedoed and sunk by HMS UPHOLDER while trooping. 19,475
Oceania* 1933 ordered for Cosulich but never sailed for them, went directly to Italia S.A.di Nav., 1941 torpedoed and sunk by HMS UPHOLDER while trooping. 19,507
Roma 1926 1935 chartered from ITALIA for two round voyages. 32,583
    *South America service only.  

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