Trasatlántica Española, S.A.
This company can be traced back to 1852 under the name of A.Lopez (Antonio
with the purchase of a 400 ton wooden steamer used on the Cuban coastal
In 1862 a Cadiz - Havana service was started and in 1881 the company
was established as Compañía Trasatlántica, Barcelona. Services operated
Barcelona / Malaga / Cadiz / Santander to Las Palmas / West Indies
/ Mexico and in 1884 the company was awarded the mail contract between
the Philippines. Services started in 1887 to South and Central American
ports and later to Spanish West Africa. A feeder service between Havana
and New York commenced in 1886, was briefly interrupted during the
Spanish-American war of 1898 and resumed the following year. In 1900
regular sailings between
Spain to New York commenced, but usually started from Genoa, Italy,
often with calls at Naples. From New York, the ships proceeded to Havana,
Cruz and back before returning to Spain. The abolition of the monarchy
and formation of a Spanish republic in 1931 resulted in the renaming
several large ships for political reasons. Services were suspended
on the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 and several ships were
sunk or interned and seized by other countries. It was not until 1939
that New York services recommenced and due to war conditions, the terminal
port became Philadelphia between 1940 - 1945. The company was officially
renamed Compañía Trasatlántica Española in 1953. Calls at New York ceased
in 1972 and the company's last passenger ship was scrapped in 1974.
Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data.
The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an
all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like
to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship
Descriptions (onsite) or the Immigrant
Ship web site.
||Years in Service
|Alfonso XII (3)*
||ex- Havel, North German
Lloyd, ex- Meteoro, Spanish armed cruiser, 1899 purchased
renamed Alfonso XII, 1926 scrapped.
|Alfonso XIII (2)
||ex- Oceana, Hamburg America
Line, 1915 purchased renamed Alfonso XIII, 1923 renamed
Vasco Nunez de Balboa, 1927 scrapped.
|Alfonso XIII (3)
||1931 renamed Habana, 1960 sold, 1961 became Spanish fish
||ex- Pegu, Henderson Line, 1896 purchased
renamed Alicante, 1938 sunk at Barcelona in Civil War.
||ex- Ruahine, New Zealand
Shipping Co, 1899 purchased renamed Antonio Lopez, 1936
laid up, 1946 scrapped.
|| 1932 laid up, 1942 scrapped.
|C. Lopez y Lopez
||ex- Westmount, ex- Lismore Castle, Union
Castle Line, 1904 purchased renamed C. Lopez y Lopez, 1931
||1923 wrecked Rio de Oro, West Africa.
|Ciudad de Cadiz
|| 1924 wrecked in Gulf of Guinea.
||1936 wrecked near Bermuda.
|Isla de Panay
||1884 purchased from Marques de Campo, 1929 wrecked Fernando
|Juan Sebastian Elcano
||1939 seized by Russia at Odessa, became Volga, Russian Navy.
||ex- Zungeru, Elder
Dempster Line, 1911 purchased renamed Legazpi, 1931 sold
||ex- Taroba, British India
Line, purchased 1894 renamed Isla de Cuba, 1896 renamed Leon
XIII, 1931 scrapped.
||1954 laid up, 1957 scrapped.
||1938 interned at Vera Cruz, subsequently sold to USA and
sunk 1946 as bombing practice.
||ex- H.H.Meier, North German
Lloyd, 1902 purchased renamed Manuel Calvo, 1952 sold to
Spanish owners renamed Drago.
|Marques de Comillas
|| 1961 damaged by fire at Ferrol and 1962 scrapped.
||1936 laid up, 1940 scrapped.
||ex- Dania Hamburg America
Line, 1895 purchased renamed Montserrat, 1896 returned
to HAL renamed Dania, 1897 returned to CTE renamed Montserrat,
and 1927 scrapped.
|P. de Satrustegui
||ex- Tara, British India Line,
1894 purchased renamed P. de Satrustegui, 1927 scrapped
|Reina Maria Cristina
* The ALFONSO XII (1) 1875 never sailed
on transatlantic voyages and was wrecked at the Canary Islands in 1885.
The following ships never sailed on the New York service, but mainly
to South and Central America.
||Years in Service
|Alfonso XII (2)*
||1898 destroyed by US fleet in Spanish American war.
|Alfonso XIII (1)
||1915 sank at Santander.
|Ciudad de Santander
||1895 wrecked Lobos Island.
||ex- Edinburgh Castle, Union
Castle Line, 1880 purchased renamed Espana, 1898 scrapped.
|Infanta Isabel de Borbon
||1931 renamed Uruguay, 1939 bombed and sunk in Civil War,
1939 refloated and laid up, 1940 scrapped.
||ex- Trentham Hall, Sun Shipping Co., 1885 purchased renamed
Mexico, 1901 wrecked off Portugal.
|Reina Victoria Eugenia
||1931 renamed Argentina, 1939 bombed and sunk in Civil War,
1939 refloated and laid up, 1945 scrapped.
||ex- Venezuela, Marques de Campo, Spain, 1886 purchased renamed
San Agustin, 1900 sank in Straits of Magellan.
The following ships were used on the New York - Havana service.
||Years in Service
|Alfonso XII (1)
|| 1885 wrecked Canary Islands.
|| ex- Ebro, 1881 purchased from Royal
Mail S.P.Co. renamed Baldomero Yglesias, 1898 scrapped.
||ex- Washington, 1875 purchased from Baltic
Lloyd renamed Ciudad Condal, 1906 scrapped.
||ex- Ernst Moritz Arndt, 1879 purchased from Baltic
Lloyd renamed Habana, 1900 scrapped.
|Manuel L. Villaverde
|| 1921 wrecked off Cape Palmas.
||ex- Trentham Hall (Sun Shipping Co., London), 1881
renamed Mejico for Marquis de Campo, 1885 transferred to Cia Trasatlantica
renamed Mexico, 1901 wrecked near S. Viana do Castelo.
||ex- Branksome Hall, 1881 purchased from Sun Shipping
Co., London renamed Panama, 1898 sold renamed Hooker, 1899 wrecked
||ex- Pasages, 1888 purchased from A. Lopez y Cia,
Barcelona renamed Rabat, 13th Aug.1929 sank in collision on voyage
Gijon to Cartagena. All hands lost.
|| ex- Albano (W. B. Forewood), 1882 renamed Venezuela
by Marques de Campo, 1886 transferred to Cia Trasatlantica renamed
San Agustin, 1900 wrecked Smythe's Channel.
|| ex- Dublin Castle, 1883 purchased from Curry's Castle
Line renamed Santo Domingo, 12th Jul.1898 run ashore and
scuttled in Cuba.
|| ex- Santander, 1885 purchased from A. Lopez y Cia,
Barcelona renamed Vizcaya, 30th Oct.1890 sunk in collision off
* The ALFONSO XII (1) 1875 never
sailed on transatlantic voyages and was wrecked at the Canary
Islands in 1885.
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