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The Fleets

Cunard Line / The British and North American Royal Mail Steam-Packet Company / Cunard Steamship Company, Limited

Founded in 1840 as the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, the name was changed to the Cunard Steamship Company, Limited in 1878 but that was soon shortened to the Cunard Line. The first trip was made by the Britannia on July 4, 1840, in 14 days and 8 hours. Cunard sailed from Liverpool to New York and Boston with a stop, for some years in Halifax. Queenstown was also added to the route for the mail service.

By the 1880s, the voyage was taking less than 6 days, in the faster ships, from Liverpool to New York. Cunard also added routes to various other countries. They ran weekly, sailing on Saturday, with their mail vessels and fortnightly, sailing on Tuesdays, with other vessels.

In 1934 the Cunard and White Star Lines were merged forming Cunard-White Star Limited but White Star ships continued to sail under their own livery and are included in the White Star Line fleet list. Another name change took place in 1949 to the Cunard Steam-Ship Company Limited and, in 1962, to Cunard Line Limited. The rise in popularity of air travel caused the demise of transatlantic passenger ship travel and Cunard concentrated on pleasure cruising and cargo operations after 1970.

The British & Foreign Steam Navigation Co was formed in 1855 by Cunard investors into which they consolidated all their Mediterranean activities. The eight ships which were passed into the ownership of the new concern were - ALPS, ANDES, BRITISH QUEEN, DAMASCUS, LEBANON, KARNAK, TENERIFFE and TAURUS. For the purpose of this list, they have been included as Cunard ships.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1840 Liverpool - Halifax - Boston (with feeder services Quebec - Pictou - stage - Halifax)
  • 1847           Liverpool - Boston - New York
  • 1851-1966 Liverpool - New York.
  • 1853-1978 Liverpool - Gibraltar - Malta - Mediterranean ports.
  • 1858-1870 Connecting service New York - Nassau - Havana - West Indies.
  • 1859          Queenstown (Cobh) calls commenced.
  • 1872-1874 Glasgow - West Indies.
  • 1911-1966 Southampton - Quebec - Montreal.
  • 1913-1966 Liverpool - Quebec - Montreal.
  • 1919-1978 Southampton - Cherbourg - New York.
  • 1922-1940 London - Southampton - New York.

Occasional calls at Hamburg, Rotterdam. Antwerp, Bristol, Fishguard, Glasgow and Belfast.

Funnel:
Red with two or three narrow black bands and black top

Fleet:

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Abyssinia 1870 1880 sold to J.& G Thomson (shipbuilders) in part exchange for new ship, resold to Guion Line. picture 3,376
Acadia 1840 1849 sold to North German Federation navy, renamed Erzherzog Johann. 1,154
Africa 1850 1868 sold. 2,226
Alaunia (1) 1913 1916 mined and sunk; loss of 2 lives. 13,405
Alaunia (2) 1925 1944 sold to Admiralty as repair ship HMS Alaunia. 14,040
Alaunia (3) 1960 1969 transferred to Brocklebank Line renamed Malancha. 7,004
Alaunia (4) 1973 ex- Cardiff Clipper, 1976 purchased from Maritime Fruit Carriers, Haifa renamed Alaunia, 1981 sold to Restis Group renamed Oceania Freezer. 4,938
Albania (1) 1900 ex- Cainrona 1911 taken over with Thomson Line renamed Albania, 1912 sold to Andrew Weir's Bank Line, renamed Poleric. 7,640
Albania (2) 1921 1930 sold to Italy, renamed California. 12,768
Aleppo 1865 1909 scrapped. 2,057
Algeria 1870 1882 sold to Red Star Line renamed Pennland. 3,428
Alpha 1863 Halifax-New York-Bermuda feeder service, 1869 sold to Halifax & West Indies SS Co. 653
Alps 1852 1854 Crimean War Hospital ship, 1855 transferred to British & Foreign S.N Co. 1859 sold to West Indies & Pacific SN Co, Liverpool. 1,440
Alsatia (1) 1923 tender at Cherbourg, 1933 sold to France, renamed Ingenieur Cachin. 1,310
Alsatia (2) 1948 ex- Silverplane, 1951 purchased from Silver Line renamed Alsatia, 1963 sold to Taiwan, renamed Union Freedom. 7,226
Alsatia (3) 1972 ex- Edinburgh Clipper, 1976 purchased from Maritime Fruit Carriers Corp., renamed Alsatia, 1981 sold to Restis Group renamed America Freezer. 7,722
America 1848 1863 chartered to Allan Line for 4 voyages, 1866 sold and renamed Coalgacondor, converted to sailing ship. 1,826
Andania (1) 1913 1918 torpedoed and sunk by U.46 in North Channel; loss of 7 lives. 13,405
Andania (2) 1922 1939 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1940 torpedoed and sunk off Reyjkavik. 13,950
Andania (3) 1959 1969 transferred to Brocklebank Line renamed Macharda. 7,004
Andania (4) 1972 ex-Glasgow Clipper, 1976 purchased from Souvertur Shipping, Glasgow renamed Andania, 1981 sold to Restis Group renamed Europa Freezer. 7,742
Andes 1852 1854 Crimean War Hospital ship, 1855 transferred to British & Foreign Steam Nav. Co. 1859 sold to Spanish Government renamed Lagos. 1,440
Andria (1) 1948 ex- Silverbriar, 1951 purchased from Silver Line renamed Andria, 1963 sold to Taiwan renamed Union Faith. 7,228
Andria (2) 1972 ex- Teesside Clipper, 1973 purchased from Island Fruit Reefers Ltd, renamed Andria, 1981 sold to Restis Group renamed Australia Freezer. 7,689
Antonia 1922 1940 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1942 sold to Admiralty for conversion to fleet repair ship renamed HMS Wayland 13,867
Aquitania 1914 1914 converted to Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1915 troopship, 1916 Hospital ship, 1918-19 troopship then returned to owners, 1939-1948 troopship, 1950 scrapped. (picture) 45,647
Arabia (1) 1852 sold to Royal Mail Steam Packet Co while building, renamed La Plata.  
Arabia (2) 1853 1854 Crimean War Transport, 1864 sold and converted to sailing ship. 2,402
Arabia (3) 1948 1963 sold to Panama renamed Onshun. (Liberian flag) 8,720
Ascania (1) 1911 taken over with Thomson Line, 1918 wrecked off Cape Ray, Newfoundland; no loss of life 9,111
Ascania (2) 1925 1939-42 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1942-44 Landing Ship (Infantry), 1944-47 troopship, 1947 returned to owners, 1957 scrapped. 14,013
Asia (1) 1850 1867 sold to Robb & Co, Glasgow and converted to sail. 2,226
Asia (2) 1947 1963 sold to Taiwan, renamed Shirley. 8,723
Assyria 1950 1963 sold to Greece renamed Laertis. 8,683
Athenia 1923 1939 chartered from Anchor-Donaldson Line for Cunard & Anchor-Donaldson Joint service, 1939. Torpedoed and sunk on first day of WWII; loss of 128 lives. 13,465
Atlas 1860 1873 rebuilt to 2393 tons, Mediterranean service, 1896 scrapped. 1,794
Aurania (1) 1883 1899-1903 Boer War transport, 1905 scrapped. 7,269
Aurania (2) 1917 trooping duties only, 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Scotland; loss of 9 lives. 13,936
Aurania (3) 1924 1939 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1942 sold to Admiralty as fleet repair ship renamed HMS Artifex. 13,984
Ausonia (1) 1909 ex- Tortona, 1911 taken over with Thomson Line renamed Ausonia, 1918 torpedoed and sunk by gunfire off Fastnet; loss of 44 lives. 7,907
Ausonia (2) 1922 1939 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1942 sold to Admiralty as fleet repair ship renamed HMS Ausonia. 13,912
Australasian 1857 1859 purchased from European & Australian R.M. Co., 1860 chartered to Allan Line for one voyage, 1870 renamed Calabria, 1877 sold to Telegraph Construction & Maintenance Co converted to cable ship. 2,902
Bactria 1928 cargo, 1954 sold to Costa Rica renamed Theo. 2,407
Balbec 1853 1884 holed off Longships, Cornwall, beached at Plymouth and written off as total loss. 774
Bantria 1928 cargo, 1954 sold to Costa Line, Genoa renamed Giorgina Celli. 2,402
Batavia 1870 1884 sold to John Elder (shipbuilders) in part exchange for new ship, ran for Canadian Pacific's trans-Pacific route. 2,553
Berengaria 1913 ex- Imperator (Hamburg America Line), war reparations, 1920 purchased by Cunard and White Star lines jointly, 1921 renamed Berengaria, 1938 sold for scrapping after fire at New York. 52,226
Beta 1873 Halifax-Boston, New York-Bermuda feeder services, 1889 sold to Halifax & West India SS Co. 1,070
Bosnia 1928 cargo, 1939 torpedoed and sunk by U.47 in Bay of Biscay. 2,402
Bothnia (1) 1874 1898 sold and scrapped 4,535
Bothnia (2) 1928 cargo, 1956 sold to Panama renamed Emily. 2,402
Brescia (1) 1903 Mediterranean service, 1929 laid up, 1931 scrapped. 3,255
Brescia (2) 1945 ex- Hickory Isle, cargo, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed Brescia, 1966 sold to Panama renamed Timber One. 3,834
Brest 1874 Liverpool - France feeder service, 1879 wrecked in fog off Cornwall. 1,472
Britannia 1840 sold 1849 to North German Federation Navy renamed Barbarossa. picture description 1,156
Britannic 1930 see White Star Line  
British Queen 1849 owned by MacIver & Co, 1855 transferred to British & Foreign S.N. Co., 1878 transferred to Cunard, 1898 scrapped 772
Calabria   see Australasian  
Caledonia 1840 1850 sold to Spanish Navy, converted to frigate. 1,156
Cambria 1845 1860 sold to Italy. 1,423
Cameronia 1919 1921-1924 chartered from Anchor Line. 16,365
Campania 1893 1914 converted to aircraft carrier, 1918 broke her moorings in gale in the Firth of Forth and was sunk in collision with HMS REVENGE. picture 12,950
Canada 1848 1867 sold to Portugal; became sailing ship Mississippi. 1,831
Caria 1900 ex- Clematis, cargo only, 1911 purchased from Belgium renamed Caria, 1915 sunk by U-Boat gunfire off Cape Martello. 3,032
Carinthia (1) 1895 cargo only, 1899 Boer War transport, 1900 wrecked Haiti; no loss of life. 5,598
Carinthia (2)   see Servia (2)  
Carinthia (3) 1955 1968 sold Sitmar Line, Genoa renamed Fairland. 21,947
Carinthia (4) 1973 ex- Cantaloup, 1976 purchased from Druidstan Ltd, Glasgow renamed Carinthia, 1985 sold to Greece renamed Pegasus. 7,330
Carmania (1) 1905 1914 converted to Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1916 returned to owners, 1932 scrapped. 19,524
Carmania (2)   see Saxonia (2)  
Carmania (3) 1972 ex- Orange, 1976 purchased from Chichester Shipping, Glasgow renamed Carmania, 1986 sold to Greece renamed Perseus. 7,323
Caronia (1) 1905 1914 converted to Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1916 troopship, 1919 returned to owners, 1932 sold Japan renamed Taiseiyo Maru. 19,687
Caronia (2) 1949 1968 sold to Panama as cruise ship renamed Columbia. 34,274
Carpathia 1902 1912 rescued TITANIC survivors, 1918 torpedoed and sunk by U.55 in Atlantic; loss of 5 lives. 13,603
Cassandra 1906 1922-1924 chartered from Donaldson Line. 8,135
Catalonia 1881 1899-1900 Boer War troopship, 1901 scrapped. 4,841
Cephalonia 1882 1899-1900 Boer War troopship, 1900 sold to Chinese Eastern Railway renamed Hailor. 5,517
Cherbourg 1875 France & Mediterranean trade, 1909 scrapped. 1,614
China 1862 1879 Zulu War transport, 1880 sold to Spain renamed Magallanes. 2,638
Columbia 1841 July 1843 wrecked near Seal Island, Halifax; no loss of life. 1,175
Corsica 1863 Mediterranean service, 1868 sold Royal Mail SP Co. 1,134
Cuba 1864 1876 sold to D. Brown, London, converted to sailing ship renamed Earl of Beaconsfield. 2,832
Cunard Adventurer 1971 1977 sold to Lauritz Kloster, Oslo renamed Sunward II. 14,151
Cunard Ambassador 1972 1974 damaged by fire at sea, sold to C.Clausen, Copenhagen and rebuilt as livestock carrier Linda Clausen.
14,151
Cunard Calamanda 1973 1978 sold to Greece renamed Ionian Carrier. 15,498
Cunard Campaigner 1972 1974 sold to India renamed Jag Shanti. 15,498
Cunard Caravel 1971 1974 sold to India renamed Jag Shakti. 15,498
Cunard Carrier 1973 1978 sold to Singapore renamed Aeneas. 15,498
Cunard Carronade 1972 1978 sold to Greece renamed Olympic History. 15,498
Cunard Cavalier 1973 1978 sold to Greece renamed Olympic Harmony. 15,498
Cunard Champion 1973 1978 sold to Philippines renamed El Champion. 15,448
Cunard Chieftain 1973 1978 sold to Panama renamed Chieftain. 15,448
Cunard Countess 1975 1996 still in service. 17,495
Cunard Princess 1977 1995 sold to Gramerco Corp, Panama renamed Rhapsody. 17,495
Curlew 1853 used on Halifax - Bermuda - St Thomas service, 1856 wrecked Bermuda. 528
Cypria 1898 cargo only, 1928 scrapped. 2,936
Damascus 1856 1861 exchanged with P.Denny in part payment for new ship, subsequently sold to Allan Line. 1,213
Delta 1853 Halifax-New York-Bermuda service. 1860 sold to Halifax ownership. 645
Demarara 1872 Mediterranean and West Indies services, 1880 became cargo only, 1887 disappeared at sea. 1,904
Emeu 1854 1855 purchased from Australasian Pacific Mail SS Co., 1857 chartered to European & Australasian R.M.S.P. Co., 1858 sold to P & O Line. 1,538
Emperor of India 1914 ex- Kaiser-I-Hind, 1921 chartered from P&O Line renamed Emperor of India for 1 voyage. 11,430
Empress of India 1907 ex- Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm, 1921 chartered from Canadian Pacific for 2 voyages 16,992
England 1964 1982 purchased from DFDS, 1986 left for Jeddah as accommodation ship renamed America XIII. 8,116
Etna 1854 1855-1856 Crimean War transport, 1860 sold Inman Line . 2,215
Etruria 1885 1909 scrapped. 7,718
Europa 1848 1854 Crimean War Transport, 1867 sold and became sailing barque. 1,834
Feltria 1891 ex- Uranium, 1916 purchased from Uranium Line renamed Feltria, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; loss of 45 lives. 5,254
Flavia 1902 ex- Campanello, 1916 purchased from Uranium SS Co renamed Flavia, 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; loss of 1 life. 9,285
Folia 1907 ex- Principello, 1916 purchased from Uranium Line renamed Folia, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; loss of 7 lives. 6,560
Franconia (1) 1911 1915 became troopship, 1916 torpedoed and sunk off Fastnet; loss of 12 lives. 18,150
Franconia (2) 1923 1939-1948 troopship, 1956 scrapped. 20,158
Franconia (3)   see Ivernia (2)  
Gallia 1879 1896 chartered to Cia Trasatlantica and renamed Don Alvaro De Bazan, reverted to Gallia same year, 1897 sold to Beaver Line. 4,809
Georgic   see White Star Line  
Hecla 1860 1871 rebuilt to 2,421 tons, 1881 sold to Laird Bros (shipbuilders) in part payment for new ship. 1,790
Hibernia 1843 1850 sold to Spanish Navy; renamed Habanois. 1,422
Italian 1855 1856-1864 chartered from Lamont & McLarty, Liverpool for Mediterranean routes. 784
Ivernia (1) 1900 1914 became troopship, 1917 torpedoed and sunk by UB-47 off Greece; loss of 121 lives. 14,058
Ivernia (2) 1955 1963 renamed Franconia (3), 1973 sold to Russia renamed Fedor Shalyapin. 21,717
Ivernia (3) 1964 1970 transferred to Brocklebank Line renamed Manipur. 5,586
Jackal 1853 tug and passenger tender at Glasgow, 1888 transferred to Liverpool, 1890s hulked and scrapped. 185
Java 1865 1877 chartered to Warren Line, 1878 sold to Red Star Line later renamed Zeeland. 2,969
Jura 1854 1854-1855 Crimean War transport, 1861 chartered, then sold to Allan Line. 2,241
Kaiserin Auguste Victoria 1905 (ex Hamburg America Line war reparations ship), 1920-1921 chartered for 10 voyages, 1921 to Canadian Pacific renamed Empress of Scotland. 24,581
Karnak 1853 1855 transferred to British & Foreign SN Co., New York-Nassau-Havana mail/feeder service. 1862 wrecked Bermuda. 1,116
Kedar 1860 1897 scrapped. 1,783
Laconia (1) 1912 1914-1916 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.50 off Fastnet; loss of 12 lives. 18,099
Laconia (2) 1921 1939 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1941 troopship, 1942 torpedoed and sunk off Ascension Island while carrying Italian prisoners of war; loss of 2,275 lives. 19,680
Lancastria   see Tyrrhenia.  
Laurentic   see White Star Line  
Lebanon 1854 ex- Aerolith, 1855 purchased from R. Sloman, Hamburg renamed Lebanon, 1857-1859 Indian Mutiny troopship, 1859 sold to Spanish Government renamed Cadiz. 1,383
Letitia 1924 1925-1939 chartered from Anchor-Donaldson Line for Cunard & Anchor-Donaldson Joint service. 13,475
Lotharingia 1923 tender at Cherbourg, 1933 sold France, renamed Alexis De Tocqueville. 1,256
Lucania 1893 1909 destroyed by fire in Liverpool dock and scrapped. 12,952
Lusitania 1907 1915 torpedoed and sunk off Kinsale, Ireland by U.20; loss of 1,198 lives. 31,550
Lycia (1) 1896 ex- Oceano, cargo only, 1909 purchased from Plate SS Co., London renamed Lycia, 1917 captured by U-Boat and sunk with bombs in St. George's Channel. 2,715
Lycia (2) 1954 1964 Great Lakes service, 1965 sold to Greece renamed Flora N. 3,543
Majestic 1914 see White Star Line  
Malta 1865 1889 wrecked off Cornwall; no loss of life. 2,132
Marathon 1860 1873 rebuilt to 2403 tons, 1882-1883 chartered to Admiralty, 1898 scrapped. 1,784
Margaret 1839 1847 purchased from G. & J. Burns, 1856 sold and converted to coal hulk 700
Mauretania (1) 1907 1914-1919 troopship, 1935 scrapped. 31,938
Mauretania (2) 1939 1940-1946 troopship, 1965 scrapped. 35,738
Media (1) 1947 1961 sold to Italy renamed Flavia. 13,345
Media (2) 1963 1971 sold to Western Australian Coastal Shipping Commission renamed Beroona. 5,586
Melita 1853 Mediterranean service.1855 transferred to British & Foreign S.N Co., 1860 chartered to Allan Line, 1861 part exchanged with P. Denny (shipbuilders) for new ship. 1,254
Morocco 1861 Mediterranean service, 1896 scrapped. 1,855
Nantes 1874 Liverpool-France feeder service, 1886 sunk in collision with sailing ship THEODORE RUGER off Lizard Point. 1,473
Niagara 1848 1866 sold to Duncan Dunbar and became sailing ship. 1,834
Olympic 1910 see White Star Line  
Olympus 1860 1872 rebuilt to 2415 tons, 1879 Zulu War transport, 1881 sold to J. & G. Thompson (shipbuilders) in part payment for new ship. 1,794
Orduna 1913 1914-1919 chartered from Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 15,499
Oregon 1883 1884 purchased from Guion Line, 1886 sunk in collision near New York with unknown schooner; no loss of life. 7,374
Otter 1880 water and baggage tender at Liverpool, 1920 sold to R.H.Rea, Liverpool. 287
Palestine 1858 1870 sold to Langlands & Co, Glasgow. 1,800
Palmyra 1866 1880-1881 Zulu War Transport, 1896 scrapped. 2,044
Pannonia 1904 1922 scrapped. 9,851
Parthia (1) 1870 1884 sold to John Elder (shipbuilders) in part exchange for new ship, then sailed on Canadian Pacific's trans-Pacific route. 3,167
Parthia (2) 1948 1961 sold to New Zealand Shipping Co renamed Remuera. 13,362
Parthia (3) 1963 1971 sold to Western Australian Coastal Shipping Commission renamed Wambiri. 5,586
Pavia (1) 1897 cargo, 1928 scrapped. 2,945
Pavia (2) 1953 1965 sold to Greece renamed Toula N. 3,411
Pavonia 1882 1899 Boer War troopship, 1900 scrapped. 5,588
Persia 1856 1868 sold to J. R. Thompson converted to sail. 3,300
Phrygia (1) 1900 ex- Oro, cargo,1909 purchased from Plate SS Co., London renamed Phrygia, 1928 sold to F. L. Dawson, Liverpool. 3,352
Phrygia (2) 1955 1964 Great Lakes service, 1965 sold to Panama renamed Dimitris N. 3,534
Queen Elizabeth 1940 1940-1946 troopship, 1968 sold to Elizabeth Corp, Port Everglades renamed The Elizabeth, 1970 sold to C.Y.Tung, Hong Kong renamed Sea Wise University, 1972 destroyed by fire at Hong Kong. 83,673
Queen Elizabeth 2 1969 2008, completing her nearly 40 year service in November and will spend the next year or so being refitted as a luxury floating hotel at the Palm Jumeirah, the world’s largest man-made island, in Dubai. 65,863
Queen Mary 1936 1940-1946 troopship, 1967 sold to City of Long Beach, Calif. as museum ship. 80,774
Queen Mary 2 2003 (picture) 148,528
Royal George 1907 1916 purchased from Canadian Northern SS Co. 1920 laid up, 1922 scrapped (known as "Rolling George") 11,146
Russia 1867 1880 sold to Red Star Line, rebuilt to 4752 tons, renamed Waesland. 2,960
Sagafjord 1965 1983 purchased from Norwegian-American Cruises, 1996 chartered to German owners renamed Gripsholm. 24,002
Samaria (1) 1868 1902 scrapped. 2,574
Samaria (2) 1922 1940-1948 troopship, 1956 scrapped. 19,602
Samaria (3) 1964 1969 sold to T & J. Harrison, Liverpool renamed Scholar. 5,837
Samaria (4) 1973 ex- Chrysantema, 1976 purchased from Paravon Shipping, Glasgow renamed Samaria, 1986 sold to Greece renamed Capricorn. 8,557
Saragossa 1874 Mediterranean service, 1909 scrapped. 2,263
Satellite (1) 1848 passenger tender at Liverpool. 1902 scrapped. 157
Satellite (2) 1896 ex- Mersey Ferry John Herron, 1920 purchased from Wallasey Corporation renamed Satellite, tender at Cherbourg, scrapped 1924. 333
Saturnia 1910 1922-1924 chartered from Donaldson Line. 8,611
Saxonia (1) 1900 1914-1915 German prisoner of war ship in Thames, 1925 scrapped. 14,281
Saxonia (2) 1954 1963 renamed Carmania (2), 1973 sold to Russia renamed Leonid Sobinov. 21,637
Saxonia (3) 1963 1970 transferred to Brocklabank Line renamed Maharonda. 5,586
Saxonia (4) 1971 ex- Gladiola, 1976 purchased from Adelaide Shipping, Glasgow renamed Saxonia, 1986 sold to Tondo Shipping Corp, renamed Carina. 8,547
Scotia (1) 1862 1875 laid up, 1878 sold to Telegraph Construction & Maintenance Co., converted to cable layer. 3,871
Scotia (2) 1966 1970 sold to Singapore renamed Neptune Amber. 5,837
Scythia (1) 1875 1899 scrapped. 4,557
Scythia (2) 1921 1939-1948 troopship, 1958 scrapped. 19,730
Scythia (3) 1964 1969 sold to T & J. Harrison, Liverpool renamed Merchant. 5,837
Scythia (4) 1972 ex- Iris Queen, 1976 purchased from Adelaide Shipping, Glasgow renamed Scythia, 1986 sold to Greece renamed Centaurus. 8,557
Sea Goddess (1) 1984 1986 chartered for 12 years with option to buy from Midland Bank, 1996 still in service as cruise ship. 4,253
Sea Goddess (2) 1985 1986 chartered for 12 years with option to buy from Midland Bank, 1996 still in service as cruise ship. 4,253
Servia (1) 1881 1899-1900 Boer War troopship, 1901 scrapped. 7,391
Servia (2) 1924 completed as Carinthia, 1939 Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1940 torpedoed and sunk by U.46 off Ireland; loss of 4 lives. 20,277
Servia (3) 1972 ex-Orchidea, 1976 purchased from Austral Shipping, Glasgow renamed Servia, 1986 sold to Greece renamed Castor. 8,557
Shamrock 1847 1851 purchased from C. MacIver & Co., Mediterranean trade, 1854 sold. 714
Siberia 1867 1880 sold to Spain renamed Manila. 2,498
Sidon 1861 1885 wrecked near Malpica, Spain. 1,872
Skirmisher 1884 tender at Liverpool, 1945 withdrawn 1945, 1947 scrapped.
(Said to have moved more passengers than any other Cunard vessel!)
612
Slavonia 1903 ex- Yamuna, 1904 purchased from British India S.N.Co renamed Slavonia, 1909 wrecked on Flores, Azores; no loss of life. 10,606
Stratheden 1937 1950 chartered from P&O Line for 4 voyages. 23,732
Stromboli 1856 Mediterranean & Le Havre service, 1878 lost off Lizard Point. 734
Sylvania (1) 1895 cargo only, 1910 scrapped. 5,598
Sylvania (2) 1957 1968 sold to Sitmar Line, Genoa renamed Fairwind. 21,989
Tarifa 1865 1898 scrapped. 2,058
Taurus 1853 1854-55 Crimean War transport, 1859 sold to Spanish Government, 1859 renamed Marques de la Victoria. 1,126
Teneriffe 1853 1854 Crimean War transport, 1855 transferred to British & Foreign SN Co., 1859 sold to Spain as troop transport, 1859 renamed Patiño. 1,126
Thracia 1895 ex- Orono, cargo only, 1909 purchased from Plate SS Co., London renamed Thracia, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Brittany. 2,891
Transylvania 1914 1915 acquired by Anchor Line, became troopship, 1917 torpedoed and sunk in Mediterranean; loss of 414 lives. 14,315
Trinidad 1872 Mediterranean and West Indies services, 1880 became cargo only. 1898 sold to German owners. 1,900
Tripoli 1864 1872 wrecked off Tuskar Rock, Ireland; no loss of life 2,057
Tuscania (2) 1921 1926-1931 chartered from Anchor Line. 16,991
Tyria 1897 cargo only, 1928 sold to Niger Company renamed Ars. 2,936
Tyrrhenia 1922 1924 renamed Lancastria, 1940 bombed and sunk while evacuating troops from St Nazaire; loss of 5,000+ lives. 16,243
Ultonia 1898 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.53 in Atlantic; loss of 2 lives. 8,845
Umbria 1884 1900-1901 Boer War troopship, 1910 scrapped. 7,718
Unicorn 1840 1840-1846 chartered from G.& J.Burns and used for Halifax-Pictou-Quebec feeder service. 648
Valacia (1) 1910 ex- Luceric, cargo, 1916 purchased from Andrew Weir & Co. renamed Valacia, 1931 scrapped. 6,526
Valacia (2) 1943 ex- Empire Camp, cargo, 1946 purchased from MOWT renamed Valacia, 1950 sold to Bristol City Line renamed New York City. 7,052
Valeria 1913 ex- Den of Airlie, cargo, 1915 purchased from C. Barrie, Dundee renamed Valeria, 1918 caught fire and grounded in River Mersey, total loss. 5,865
Vandalia (1) 1912 ex- Anglo-Californian, cargo, 1915 purchased from Lawther, Latta & Co, London renamed Vandalia, 1918 torpedoed and sunk in St. George's Channel. 7,333
Vandalia (2) 1945 ex- Samaritan, cargo, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed Vandalia, 1954 sold to Liberia renamed Sideris. 7,267
Vandyck 1921 1922 chartered from Lamport & Holt Line for 1 voyage. 13,233
Vardulia (1) 1917 ex- Verdun, cargo, 1918 purchased from Gow, Harrison & Co., London renamed Vardulia, 1929 sold to Donaldson Bros, Glasgow. 5,691
Vardulia (2) 1944 ex- Samfoyle, cargo, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed Vardulia, 1954 sold to Panama renamed Valencia. 7,267
Vasari 1908 1919-1921 chartered from Lamport & Holt Line for 7 voyages. 10,117
Vasconia (1) 1918 ex- Valverda, cargo, 1918 purchased from Gow, Harrison & Co., London renamed Vasconia, 1927 sold to Japan renamed Shiraha Maru. 5,680
Vasconia (2) 1944 ex- Empire Pendennis, cargo, 1946 purchased from MOWT renamed Vasconia, 1950 sold to Blue Star Line renamed Fresno Star. 7,058
Vauban 1912 1919-1921 chartered from Lamport & Holt Line for 6 voyages. 10,660
Vellavia 1918 ex- War Setter, cargo, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller renamed Vellavia, 1925 sold to S & J. Thompson, London renamed River Tigris. 5,272
Vennonia 1918 ex- War Carp, cargo, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller renamed Vennonia, 1923 sold to S & J. Thompson renamed River Hudson. 5,225
Venusia 1918 ex-War Snake, cargo, 1918 purchased from the Shipping Controller renamed Venusia, 1923 sold to S & J. Thompson renamed River Delaware. 5,222
Verbania 1918 ex- Trafalgar, cargo, 1919 purchased from Lawrence Glen & Co., Glasgow renamed Verbania, 1926 sold to Lyle Shipping Co., Glasgow renamed Cape Cornwall. 5,021
Verentia 1918 ex- War Lemur, cargo, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller renamed Verentia, 1926 sold to Andrew Weir & Co. renamed Foreric. 5,185
Veria 1899 1915 sunk with bombs in Mediterranean by Austrian submarine. 3,299
Vestris 1912 1919-1921 chartered from Lamport & Holt Line for 6 voyages. 10,494
Vindelia 1918 ex- War Wagtail, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller, London, 1919 transferred to Anchor Line. 4,430
Vinovia 1906 ex- Anglo-Bolivian, cargo, 1915 purchased from Lawther, Latta & Co., London renamed Vinovia, 1917 torpedoed and sunk in English Channel. 7,046
Virgilia 1918 cargo, 1925 sold to Chambers & Co., Liverpool renamed Corby Castle. 5,697
Vistafjord 1973 1983 purchased from Norwegian-American Cruises, 1996 still in service as cruise ship. 24,292
Vitellia 1918 ex- War Pintail, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller renamed Vitellia, 1919 transferred to Anchor Line. 5,272
Volodia 1913 ex- Den of Ogil, cargo, 1915 purchased from C. Barrie, Dundee renamed Volodia, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ushant; loss of 10 lives. 5,689


Ad for Cunard From The Atlantic Ferry, by A. Maginnis, 1892 (dated 1854), pp 249-251

British and North American Royal Mail Steamships [now the Cunard Line]
Appointed by the Admiralty
To Sail Between
Liverpool and New York (Direct)
and Between
Liverpool and Boston,
The Boston Ships only Calling at Halifax to land and receive
Passengers and Her Majesty's Mails.
  Captain   Captain
Arabia C.H.E. Judkins Africa Wm. Harrison
Persia Alex. Ryrie America W.J.C. Lang
Asia Edwd. G. Lott. Niagara John Leitch
Canada James Stone Europa Neil Shannon
Cambria Captain W. Douglas

The under-noted or other Vessels are appointed to Sail

From Liverpool:

1854

Canada For Boston Saturday, the 22nd July
Arabia For New York Saturday, the 29th July
America For Boston Saturday, the 5th Aug
Europa For New York Saturday, the 12th Aug
Niagara For Boston Saturday, the 19th Aug
Africa For New York Saturday, the 26th Aug

From America:

Europa From New York Wednesday, 12th July
America From Boston Wednesday, 19th July
Asia From New York Wednesday, 26th July
Niagara From Boston Wednesday, 2nd Aug
Africa From New York Wednesday, 9th Aug
Canada From Boston Wednesday, 16th Aug

The Passengers and Goods for New York are intended
to be landed at Jersey City, within the jurisdiction
of the Custom-house of New York.

Chief-Cabin Passage to Halifax and Boston, £25.
Second-Cabin Passage, £15.
Chief-Cabin Passage to New York, £30.
Second-Cabin Passage, £20. These Rates include
Steward's Fee and Provisions, but without
Wines or Liquors, which can be obtained on Board.

Dogs charged £5 each.

These Steamships have accommodation for a limited
number of Second-Cabin Passengers.

Apply, in Halifax, to Samuel Cunard:
in Boston, to S.S. Lewis;
in New York, to Edward Cunard;
in Havre and Paris, to Donald Currie;
in London, to J.B. Foord, 52, Old Broad Street;
in Glasgow, to G. and J. Burns; and
in Liverpool to D.and C. Mac Iver, 14, Water Street.

Note:-All letters and newspapers intended to be sent by
these Vessels must pass through the Post Office,
and none will be received at the Agents' Office.

The Owners of these Ships will not be accountable for
Gold, Silver, Bullion, Specie, Jewellery, Precious Stones,
or Metals, unless Bills of Lading are signed therefor,
and the value thereof therein expressed.

Passengers will be charged Freight on their personal
Luggage when it exceeds Half-a-Ton Measurement.

To prevent disappointment or difficulty, Passengers are
respectfully informed that Packages of Merchandise
will not be allowed to be shipped as Luggage, or with their Luggage.

Passengers are not permitted to go on board
by the Steamer that takes the Mail.

Parcels will be received at the office of the Agents
here until Six o'clock on the Friday Evenings previous to Sailing.

The Canada, for Halifax and Boston, will start on Saturday
next, the 22nd instant [July, 1854].
The Steam-tender Satellite will leave the Landing-Stage,
opposite the Baths, George's Pier, at Eight o'clock,
morning, of that day, with the Passengers for the Canada.


Cargo for the Alps is now being received at the Huskisson Dock, according to priority of arrival.
Steam To New York And (via Jamaica) To Chagres.
The undernoted or other first class Screw Steamships will sail
From Liverpool For New York,

Once a Month until further notice, the extended service being Twice a Month, when the Ships now building are completed:

Andes Capt. Moodie Jara Capt. Douglas
Alps Capt. Wickman Ætna Capt. Little

For Boston And New York

Alps   Wednesday next, 19th July

Passage Money to Boston, beyond which Port Passengers cannot be booked, £18, including Provisions and Steward's Fees, but without Wines or Liquors, which can be obtained on board.

Freight on Fine Goods to America, £3 per Ton Measurement; other Goods by Agreement. Freight will be collected in America at the rate of $4.80 to the Pound Sterling.

Apply in Halifax to Samuel Cunard; in Boston to S.S. Lewis; in New York to Edward Cunard; in Havre and Paris to Donald Currie; in London to J.B. Foord, 52, Old Broad Street; in Glasgow to George and James Burns; or in Liverpool to D. and C. MacIver, 14, Water Street.

As soon as Goods are going for Canada, and any quantity offer for Portland, these Vessels will call there.


Victualling Requirements and Stores of an Atlantic Liner

The following interesting particulars, for the year 1886, of the victuals put on board a Cunard liner for the round voyage, and also of the staff employed by the Company, are given in the "Life of Sir George Burns," by Edwin Hodder, 1890; these figures must now be considerably increased owing to the continued expansion of the traffic:--

"For a single passage to America the Etruria, with 547 cabin passengers and a crew of 287 persons on board, carries the following quantities of provisions:-12,550 lbs. fresh beef, 760 lbs. corned beef, 5,320 lbs. mutton, 850 lbs. lamb, 350 lbs. veal, 350 lbs. pork, 2,000 lbs. fresh fish, 600 fowls, 300 chickens, 100 ducks, 50 geese, 80 turkeys, 200 brace grouse, 15 tons potatoes, 30 hampers of vegetables, 220 quarts ice cream, 1,000 quarts of milk, and 11,500 eggs (or at the rate of one egg per minute from the time the ship sails from Liverpool until her arrival in New York.

"The quantities of wines, spirits, beer, etc., put on board for consumption on the round voyage, comprise 1,100 bottles champagne, 850 bottles claret, 6,000 bottles ale, 2,500 bottles porter, 4,500 bottles mineral waters, 650 bottles various spirits.

"Crockery is broken very extensively, being at the rate of 900 plates, 280 cups, 438 saucers, 1,213 tumblers, 200 wine-glasses, 27 decanters, and 63 water-bottles in a single voyage.

"As regards the consumption on board the whole Cunard fleet for one year, the figures seem almost fabulous:-4,656 sheep, 1,800 lambs, 2,474 oxen are consumed-an array of flocks and herds surpassing in extent the possessions of many a pastoral patriarch of ancient times-besides 24,075 fowls, 4,230 ducks, 2,200 turkeys, 2,200 geese, 53 tons of ham, 20 tons bacon, 15 tons cheese, and 832,603 eggs.

"Other articles are in extensive demand, and in the course of a year there is consumed:-one ton and a half of mustard, one ton and three quarters of pepper, 7,216 bottles pickles, 8,000 tins sardines, 33 tons salt cod and ling, 4,192 four-lb. Jars of jam, 15 tons marmalade, 22 tons raisins, currants, and figs, 18 tons split peas, 15 tons pearl barley, 17 tons rice, 34 tons oatmeal, 460 tons flour, 23 tons biscuits, 33 tons salt, 48,902 loaves of bread 8lbs. each.

"The Cunard passengers annually drink and smoke to the following extent:-8,030 bottles and 17,613 half-bottles champagne, 13,941 bottles and 7,310 half-bottles claret, 9,200 bottles other wines, 489,344 bottles ale and porter, 174,921 bottles mineral waters, 344,000 bottles spirits; 34,360 lbs. tobacco, 63,340 cigars, and 56,875 cigarettes.

"The heaviest item in the annual consumption of the Company is of course coal, of which 356,764 tons are burnt-nearly equal to 1,000 tons for every day in the year.

"This quantity of coal, if built as a wall four feet high and one foot thick, would reach from Land's End to John o'Groats' House.

"With regard to the aggregate employment of labour by the Cunard Company, it includes 34 captains, 146 officers, 628 engineers, boilermakers, and carpenters, 665 seamen, 916 firemen, 900 stewards, 62 stewardesses, 42 women to keep the upholstery and linen in order, with 1,100 men of a shore gang, or about 4,506 people to run the ships, which traverse yearly a distance equal to five times that between the earth and the moon!"

pp. 294-5 of Atlantic Ferry, Maginnis, 1892

.

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