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The Fleets (see also American & Indian Line / Ellerman & Bucknall )

Ellermans comprised a group of several companies and each will be treated as a seperate entity.
Transfers between various companies within the group have been ignored.
Ellerman & Papayanni | Westcott & Laurence | Montgomerie & Workman | City Line | Hall Line | Ellerman & Bucknall | Miscellaneous

Ellerman & Bucknall

Henry Bucknall & Son was formed in London in 1742 as cork merchants and used chartered ships. They started shipowning in 1851 and in 1891 formed the British & Colonial Steam Navigation Co. In 1893 Edward Lloyd of Bucknall Bros. together with Union Line formed the American & African Line to operate passenger and cargo services between New York, Cape Town and Calcutta. 1895 Bucentaur SS Co. was formed to cater for trade to Canada, USA, Australia and New Zealand. Due to financial problems, John Ellerman was sold a controlling interest in the company in 1908 and in 1914 the company was renamed Ellerman & Bucknall Steamship Co. After 1973 all constituent Ellerman companies were combined into Ellerman City Liners which in 1987 became Cunard-Ellerman.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1880-1973 Glasgow - Liverpool / London - South and East African ports (terminating at Beira) - Mauritius - Madagascar.
  • 1895-1912 (passenger) London - Cape Town - India - Suez - London. Liverpool - Panama Canal - North Pacific ports - Puget Sound or Vancouver UK - Suez - Red Sea ports - Persian Gulf.
  • 1915 UK - Marseilles - Suez - Malaya - Singapore - Philippines - Hong Kong - Shanghai - Japan.
    • Manchester - Liverpool - Panama Canal - Australia - New Zealand.
    • Manchester - Liverpool - Panama Canal - Los Angeles - Dutch East Indies - Philippines - China - Japan - Dairen.
  • 1921 Middlesbrough - Gdynia - Hamburg - Antwerp - London - Malaya - Hong Kong - Shanghai - Japan.

ELLERMAN & BUCKNALL and NORTON LILLY & Co., NEW YORK (1893-1930)

  • 1893-1930 (passenger) New York - Cape Town - Calcutta.
    • New York - South Africa
    • New York - Philippines - China - Japan - Dairen.
    • New York - Australia - Hobart - New Zealand.
    • New York - Mediterranean ports.

These services continued after 1930 without passengers as:- Canada - USA - Alexandria - Port Said - East Africa - Karachi - Bombay - Colombo - Madras - Calcutta.

  • 1920 Montreal - USA - Port Sudan - Bombay - Colombo - Calcutta - Rangoon - Singapore - Batavia - Samarang - Sourabaya.
  • 1926 Montreal - USA - South and East Africa - Mauritius - Reunion - Madagascar.
  • 1926 Montreal - USA - Mediterranean ports - Black Sea - Red Sea ports - Persian Gulf.
  • 1936 M.A.N.Z. service: Montreal - Australia - New Zealand. Australia - Java - Singapore - Australia.
    • Australia - South and East Africa - Mauritius - Madagascar - Australia.

Funnel:
1880-1935 Black with circlet of six white diamonds (three visible from any viewing angle)
1935-1973 Buff with white band below black top.

Abbreviations
JRE - J. R. Ellerman & Co.
MOWT - Ministry of War Transport, London.

Fleet:

1880-1935 1935-1973
   
   
    Sail  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Alecto 1866 brigantine, 1878 sold. 199
British Ensign 1857 brig, 1862 sold to King & Co. 196
Cambria 1825 schooner, 1854 sold. 124
Lisbon 1852 brig, ex- Alexander Brandt, 1868 purchased from J. Mitchell, Glasgow renamed Lisbon, 1873 trace lost. 221
Lusitania 1867 barque, 1880 sold. 219
Ruby 1868 barque, 1869 purchased, 1889 sold to East Downshire Sailing Ship Co., Belfast. 266
    Steam  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Afrikander 1892 1906 sold to Adolphe Deppe, Antwerp renamed Uruguay. 2,755
Amatonga 1903 1927 sold to Italy renamed Foscolo. 3,331
Arabian 1906 see Bloemfontein 1892.  
Arabistan 1893 1902 purchased from Frank Strick & Co., 1910 sold to Italy renamed Giano. 3,194
Balgay 1897 1901 purchased from W. Kinnear, Dundee, 1905 sold to Bombay owners. 303
Balgowan 1897 1901 purchased from W. Kinnear, Dundee, 1904 wrecked South Africa. 286
Bantu 1901 1910 sold to Isthmian SS Co. renamed Orpheus. 4,230
Baralong 1901 1914 naval supply ship, 1915 converted to 'Q' ship and renamed HMS Wyandra, deleted from Lloyds Register and renamed Manica after the infamous 'Baralong Incident'
See http://www.skalman.nu/worldwar1/submarine-battle-atlantic.htm
1923 sold to Japan renamed Kyokuto Maru.
4,192
Barotse 1901 1922 sold to Japan renamed Kyokutu Maru No.2. 4,119
Bechuana 1894 ex- Strathtay, 1899 purchased from C. Burrell, Glasgow renamed Bechuana, 1915 naval collier, 1919 sold to Spain renamed Eusebia de Valle. 4,148
Beira 1894 ex- Turkistan, 1897 purchased from Frank Strick & Co., renamed Beira, 1910 sold to Japan renamed Shinkai Maru. 4,120
Bloemfontein (1) 1892 1906 transferred to Ellerman Papayanni renamed Arabian, 1915 captured and sunk by U.33 off Greece. 2,745
Bloemfontein (2) 1906 1932 scrapped.
4,654
Bucentaur 1893 ex- Oolong, 1898 purchased from China Mutual S.N. Co, Liverpool renamed Bucentaur, 1911 sold to Japan renamed Saikai Maru. 3,593
Buceros 1894 ex- Strathness, 1902 purchased from Charles Burrell, Glasgow renamed Buceros, 1911 sold to J. Bryde, Sandefjord, renamed Oestkysten, then John Bryde. 4,038
Bucrania 1896 ex- Monmouth, 1899 purchased from Elder Dempster & Co renamed Bucrania, 1911 sold to Japan renamed Shinsei Maru. 4,069
Bulawayo 1895 1913 sold to Andrew Weir & Co. renamed Kathiawar. 4,456
Casilda   1902 - 1908 sold to Soc. Les Affreteurs Reunis, Rouen renamed Ceres. 3,928
City of Adelaide 1964 1972 chartered to Hamburg South America Line renamed Cap Cleveland, 1973 reverted to JRE renamed City of Canterbury, 1976 sold to Cie. Maritime Belge, Antwerp renamed Rubens. 10,511
City of Alexandria 1905 ex- Rio Pardo, Hamburg South America Line, 1919 war reparations, 1921 acquired by JRE renamed City of Alexandria, 1933 sold to Petersen & Albeck, Hamburg, laid up. 4,697
City of Auckland 1958 1978 sold to Gulf Shipping Lines, London renamed Gulf Falcon. 8,181
City of Batavia 1907 ex- Ganelon, Roland Line, Bremen, 1920 war reparations, acquired by JRE renamed City of Batavia, 1938 sold to Italy renamed Voluntas. 5,597
City of Bath 1947 ex- Langleescot, 1952 purchased from Medomsley Steam Shipping Co. renamed City of Bath, 1969 sold to Cyprus renamed Lena. 7,030
City of Brisbane 1951 1970 sold to Ben Line renamed Bencairn. 10,595
City of Bristol 1945 ex- Sacramento, 1964 transferred from Wilson Line renamed City of Bristol, 1969 sold to Cyprus renamed Felicie. 7,096
City of Canberra (1) 1927 1957 scrapped. 7,485
City of Canberra (2) 1961 1978 sold to Singapore renamed Tasgold. 10,306
City of Canterbury 1973 see City of Adelaide 1964.  
City of Cape Town 1968 see City of Melbourne 1957.  
City of Cardiff 1942 ex- Empire Spartan, 1951 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Cardiff, 1959 sold to Hong Kong renamed Shun Wing. 6,987
City of Carlisle (1) 1926 see Kathlamba 1913.  
City of Carlisle (2) 1946 1963 sold to Taiwan renamed Jeannie. 9,913
City of Chelmsford 1943 ex- Sambrake, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Chelmsford, 1959 sold to Panama renamed San George. 7,271
City of Christchurch 1929 see Lorenzo 1915.  
City of Colchester 1944 ex- Samlea, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Colchester, 1953 sold to Liberia renamed Sunset. 7,238
City of Derby 1927 see Karoonga 1921.  
City of Doncaster 1943 ex- Samshire, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Doncaster, 1961 sold to Trader Line, London renamed Pembroke Trader. 7,257
City of Dundee 1961 1978 sold to Cyprus renamed Dundee. 4,798
City of Durban 1953 1971 sold to Greece renamed Mediterranean Dolphin. 13,360
City of Eastbourne 1962 1971 renamed City of Toronto, 1978 sold to Singapore renamed Kota Cantik. 10,006
City of Exeter 1952 1971 sold to Greece renamed Mediterranean Sea. 13,360
City of Glasgow 1963 1971 renamed City of Ottawa, 1978 sold to Singapore renamed Kota Cahaya. 10,017
City of Gloucester 1963 1979 sold to Greece renamed Suerte. 4,803
City of Halifax 1926 see Kalomo 1907.  
City of Harvard 1907 ex- Giessen North German Lloyd, 1919 war reparations, 1920 acquired by JRE renamed City of Harvard, 1934 scrapped. 7,091
City of Hull 1970 1980 sold to Liberia renamed St. John. 7,093
City of Keelung 1936 see Keelung 1919.  
City of Khartoum 1927 see Karroo 1913.  
City of Kimberley 1925 1960 sold to Argonaut Shipping Co., renamed Fairhurst. 6,169
City of Leeds 1944 ex- Samcrest, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Leeds, 1960 sold to Grosvenor Shipping Co, London renamed Grosvenor Explorer. 7,250
City of Lichfield 1961 1978 sold to Cyprus renamed Leeds. 4,795
City of Lincoln 1938 1946 wrecked near Cape Agulhas, South Africa, salvaged and cargo unloaded and ship stripped, 1950 hull towed to sea and sunk by South African Air Force. 8,039
City of Liverpool 1970 1981 sold to Greece renamed Marianthe. 7,093
City of London (1) 1947 1967 sold to Greece renamed Sandra N. 8,434
City of London (2) 1970 1981 sold to Greece renamed Sea Lord. 7,415
City of Melbourne 1957 1968 renamed City of Cape Town, 1978 sold to Singapore renamed Ota Gold. 9,914
City of Mobile 1926 see Kentucky 1912.  
City of Montreal 1971 see City of Sydney 1960.
 
City of Ottawa 1971 see City of Glasgow 1963.  
City of Palermo 1905 ex- Rio Negro, Hamburg South America Line, 1919 war reparations, 1921 acquired by JRE renamed City of Palermo, 1933 scrapped. 4,699
City of Perth 1926 see Kandahar 1913.  
City of Port Elizabeth 1952 1971 sold to Greece renamed Mediterranean Island. 13,363
City of Portsmouth 1943 ex- Samhain, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed City of Colchester, 1959 sold to Greece renamed Efcharis. 7,216
City of Pretoria (1) 1899 ex- Waiwera, 1926 purchased from Shaw Savill & Albion renamed City of Pretoria, 1928 scrapped. 6,237
City of Pretoria (2) 1937 1943 torpedoed by U.172 off Cape Race and blew up. All hands lost. 8,046
City of Pretoria (3) 1947 1967 renamed Proxeneion for voyage to breakers in Japan. 8,450
City of St. Albans 1960 1979 sold to Greece renamed Island of Marmora. 6,980
City of Swansea 1929 see Katuna 1907.  
City of Sydney 1960 1971 renamed City of Montreal, 1977 sold to Panama renamed Yat Fei. 10,155
City of Toronto 1971 see City of Eastbourne 1962.  
City of Winchester 1952 1970 sold to Ben Line renamed Benvannoch. 10,594
City of Windsor 1928 see Knaresboro', 1923.  
City of Winnipeg 1926 see Kansas 1910.  
City of York 1953 1971 sold to Greece renamed Mediterranean Sky. 13,360
Coronda 1900 see Manica 1892.  
Delcomyn 1880 1889 purchased from Lund's Blue Anchor Line, 1897 sold to Argentina renamed Felipe Lussich. 1,827
Egypt 1878 1887 sank in heavy seas in Atlantic. 1,556
Elba 1889 1893 sunk in collision with s/s WILLIAM BALLS near the Humber. 2,293
Etona 1890 1908 sold to Nisbet, Calder & Co, Glasgow. 2,513
Euphrates 1901 1906 sold to A. Deppe, Antwerp. 2,809
Fort Salisbury 1895 1913 sold to Booth SS Co renamed Vincent, resold to Andrew Weir & Co., renamed Gujurat. 4,456
Griqua 1902 1927 sold to Italy renamed Aleardi. 3,344
Johannesburg 1895 1913 sold to Andrew Weir & Co., renamed Surat. 4,495
John Dixon 1872 1876 purchased from E. W. King, Newcastle, 1889 sold to North of England Shipping Co., Liverpool. 1,522
Joseph Dodds 1871 1876 purchased from W. T. Henley, Cardiff, 1883 wrecked off Tunisia. 1,058
Kabinga 1907 1938 sold to African & Continental SS Co. renamed Lulca. 4,657
Kaffir 1891 1906 transferred to Ellerman Papayanni, renamed Persian, 1916 sunk in collision with Royal Mail S.P.Co's MONMOUTHSHIRE off Greece. 2,374
Kafue 1913 1918 torpedoed and sunk by U.86 near Sound of Galloway. 6,064
Kalomo 1907 1926 renamed City of Halifax, 1931 scrapped. 5,019
Kandahar 1913 1926 renamed City of Perth, 1943 torpedoed and sunk by U.431 off Oran. 6,415
Kansas 1910 1926 renamed City of Winnipeg, 1934 sold for scrap and renamed Winny for final voyage to breakers. 6,074
Karema 1894 ex- Ranza, 1909 purchased from Caledonia SS Co., Liverpool renamed Karema, 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.39 off Spain. 5,263
Karonga 1907 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.63 in Straits of Messina. 4,665
Karoonga 1921 1927 renamed City of Derby, 1957 sold to Liberia renamed Fairtrade. 6,616
Karroo 1913 1927 renamed City of Khartoum, 1936 scrapped. 6,127
Kasama 1907 1932 scrapped. 4,635
Kasenga 1907 1917 torpedoed and sunk near Cartagena, Spain. 4,652
Kasenga 1899 ex- Drachenfels, Hansa Line, 1919 war reparations, 1920 acquired by JRE renamed Kasenga, 1928 sold to Italy renamed Adelia. 7,160
Kathlamba 1913 1926 renamed City of Carlisle, 1934 scrapped. 6,382
Katuna 1907 1929 renamed City of Swansea, 1937 sold to Barry Shipping Co., Cardiff renamed St. Glen. 4,641
Kazembe 1907 1915-1918 Naval service, 1932 scrapped. 4,658
Keelung (1) 1914 1918 torpedoed and sunk by U.53 while 110 miles west of Ushant. 6,672
Keelung (2) 1919 ex- War Walrus, completed as Keelung, 1936 renamed City of Keelung, 1947 sold to China Hellenic Lines renamed Hellenic Trader. 5,186
Kentucky 1912 1926 renamed City of Mobile, 1940 bombed and sunk in Irish Channel. 6,588
Kioto 1910 1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.87 off Fastnet. 6,182
Knaresboro' 1923 1928 renamed City of Windsor, 1953 scrapped. 7,247
Koranna 1905 1916 Indian army transport, 1929 sold to Greece renamed Apikia. 3,585
Kosmo 1913 ex- Nordmark Hamburg America Line, 1919 war reparations, 1920 acquired by JRE renamed Kosmo, 1928 sold to North German Lloyd renamed Nurnburg. 5,170
Lorenzo 1915 ex- Aschenburg, Hansa Line, 1919 war reparations, 1920 acquired by JRE renamed Lorenzo, 1929 renamed City of Christchurch, 1943 bombed and sunk off Lisbon. 6,009
Lotus 1863 1900 purchased from F. Alexander, Antwerp, 1921 scrapped. 621
Madrid 1879 1887 went missing in Atlantic; loss of 22 lives. 1,961
Manica (1) 1892 1900 renamed Coronda, 1908 sold to Christian Salvesen as whaler. 2,733
Manica (2) 1900 1914 sold to Admiralty and converted to balloon observation ship for Dardanelles campaign. 4,117
Manitoba 1887 1899 sold to Spain renamed Valle, 1900 sank. 2,127
Mashona (1) 1892 1899 renamed Parana, 1900 wrecked Uruguay. 2,735
Mashona (2) 1894 ex- Strathairly, 1899 purchased from C. Burrell, Glasgow renamed Mashona, 1915 wrecked off Lourenco Marques. 4,142
Matoppo (1) 1904 ex- Lady Strathcona, 1905 purchased from W. Peterson, Newcastle renamed Matoppo, 1905 sold to Union SS Co. of New Zealand renamed Wairuna. 3,942
Matoppo (2) 1905 1930 scrapped. 5,280
Merida 1888 1900 sold to Spain renamed Valle (2). 2,365
Ocean Spray 1863 1869 purchased from R. Beauvais, London, 1873 trace lost. 274
Parana 1899 see Mashona 1892.  
Persian 1906 see Kaffir 1891.  
Pondo 1892 1912 sold to Japan renamed Taisho Maru. 2,741
Ready 1896 1901 purchased from Hawthorn Bros, Middlesbrough, 1907 sold to G. Wills, London. 251
Rialto 1911 ex- Olympos, Deutsche Levante Line, 1919 war reparations, 1921 acquired by JRE renamed Rialto, 1928 sold to Algiers, renamed Madali. 2,948
Saldanha 1912 1918 torpedoed and sunk by UB.52 off Algiers. 4,594
San Domingo 1874 1889 sold to Hine Bros, Maryport. 1,087
Swazi 1901 1926 sold to Belgian owner renamed Scheldrestrand. 4,941
Sydenham 1873 1886 sunk in collision with s/s LOVAINE off Portugal. 1,279
Tagus 1872 1896 sold to Argentina. 1,250
Tigris 1901 1906 sold to A. Deppe, Antwerp. 2,805
Transvaal 1892 1906 sold to Royal Mail S.P. Co, renamed Manau. Basuto 1892 2742 tons, 1902 went missing at sea; loss of 57 lives. 2,746
Vanguard 1872 1883 went missing at sea; loss of 23 lives. 905
Zulu 1892 1906 sold to Royal mail S.P.Co., renamed Marima. 2,746

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