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The Fleets

Federal Steam Navigation Co.

Formed 1895 and successors to Money Wigram & Co. 1904 instituted a joint service with Houlder Bros from New Zealand to Australia and South Africa. 1906 Joint service with Houlders and Shire Line commenced (see routes). 1912 taken over by New Zealand Shipping Co but continued to trade as a separate concern. Houlders withdrew from joint service at the same time. 1916 parent company NZSCo taken over by P&O Line. In 1973 the remaining Federal ships were transferred to P&O Line.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1895-1973 London (or other UK ports) - Las Palmas (coal) - Cape Town - Fremantle - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney - Auckland - Wellington - Lyttleton - Port Chalmers.
  • 1915 From this date most voyages used Panama Canal instead of Cape Town route.
  • 1919 Suez Canal introduced as an alternative route.
  • 1904-1914 New Zealand and South Africa Line (with Houlders). Port Chalmers - Lyttleton - Auckland - Durban - Port Elizabeth - East London - Cape Town. (later - River Plate ports)
  • 1906-1910 Federal-Houlder-Shire Line. Liverpool, Glasgow, Manchester or Avonmouth to Las Palmas - Cape Town - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney - Auckland - Wellington - Lyttleton - Port Chalmers.
  • 1911-1912 Liverpool - Cape Town - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney - Brisbane.

Funnel:
Red with representation of house flag and black top.

Fleet:

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Aramac 1948 ex- Remuera, 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1968 owned by Eastern & Australian SS Co, 1969 scrapped. 13,362
Cambridge (1) 1916 ex- Vogtland, Hamburg America Line war reparation, 1921 purchased renamed Cambridge, 1940 mined and sunk in Bass Strait. 10,892
Cambridge (2)   see Sussex (3)  
Celtic King 1891 1895 purchased from Allport & Hughes, 1898 lost. 3,807
Cornwall (1) 1896 1913 sold to Italy renamed Atlantide. 5,490
Cornwall (2) 1920 1949 scrapped. 10,616
Cornwall (3) 1952 1967 transferred to British India S.N. Co. renamed Juna. 7,583
Cumberland (1) 1915 1917 mined and sunk off Australia. 9,471
Cumberland (2) 1919 ex- Wendland, Hamburg America Line war reparation, 1921 purchased renamed Cumberland, 1940 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland. 11,446
Cumberland (3) 1948 1973 transferred to P&O, 1976 scrapped. 11,281
Derby 1960 1968 sold to Liberia renamed Okeanis. 31,791
Devon (1) 1897 1913 wrecked off Wellington. 5,489
Devon (2) 1915 1934 transferred to British India SN Co. 9,661
Devon (3) 1946 1971 scrapped. 9,940
Dorset (1) 1903 1927 scrapped. 7,630
Dorset (2) 1934 1942 bombed and sunk in Malta convoy. 10,624
Dorset (3) 1949 1971 transferred to P&O, 1972 scrapped. 10,108
Durham (1) 1904 1924 sold to Italy renamed Augusta. 5,760
Durham (2) 1934 1965 sold to Panama renamed Rion. 10,902
Esperance   see Maori King.  
Essex (1) 1902 1919 became cargo only, 1927 sold to Belgium renamed Van. 7,530
Essex (2) 1936 1947 transferred to P&O renamed Paringa, 1955 reverted to Federal renamed Norfolk (4), 1962 scrapped. 11,063
Essex (3) 1954 1973 transferred to P&O, 1975 sold to Singapore renamed Golden Gulf 10,936
Gloucester 1941 1966 sold to Greece renamed Consulate. 8,523
Haparangi 1947 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 scrapped. 11,281
Hauraki   see Norfolk (3)  
Hertford (1) 1917 ex- Friesland, Hamburg America Line war reparations, 1921 purchased renamed Hertford, 1942 torpedoed and sunk off New Bedford, Mass. 10,965
Hertford (2) 1948 1973 transferred to P&O, 1976 sold to Cyprus renamed Thia Despina. 11,276
Hinakura 1949 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1974 scrapped. 11,272
Huntingdon (1) 1919 war reparation, was to have been Munsterland but completed as Huntingdon, 1921 purchased, 1941 torpedoed and sunk off Scotland. 11,509
Huntingdon (2) 1948 1973 transferred to P&O, 1975 scrapped. 11,281
Hurunui (4) 1948 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 scrapped. 11,276
Kent (1) 1899 1915 sold to Blue Star Line renamed Brodlea. 5,464
Kent (2) 1918 1955 scrapped. 8,697
Kent (3) 1960 1968 sold to Liberia renamed Leslie Conway. 31,763
Leicester 1944 ex- Samesk, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed Leicester, 1950 sold to Nassau Maritime Co, London renamed Inagua. 7,266
Lincoln 1958 1965 sold to Greece renamed Amphion. 12,780
Manapouri 1968 1971 transferred to P&O, 1977 renamed Wild Marlin, 1983 sold to Greece renamed Marathon Reefer. 9,505
Maori King 1890 1895 purchased from Allport & Hughes, 1905 renamed Esperance, 1906 sold to J.Dow, Shanghai renamed Maori King. 3,738
Mataura (3) 1968 1971 transferred to P&O, 1977 renamed Wild Mallard, 1982 sold to Greece renamed Macedonian Reefer. 9,505
Middlesex (1) 1914 ex- Knight Bachelor, 1914 purchased from Knight SS Co. renamed Middlesex, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; no loss of life. 7,265
Middlesex (2) 1920 1941 mined and sunk off South Wales. 8,575
Middlesex (3) 1953 1965 transferred to British India S.N. Co. renamed Jelunga. 8,284
Norfolk (1) 1900 1914 burnt out at sea off Australia. 5,310
Norfolk (2) 1916 ex- Sauerland, Hamburg America Line war reparation, 1921 purchased renamed Norfolk, 1941 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland. 10,973
Norfolk (3) 1947 1953 renamed Hauraki, operated by NZSCo but owned by Federal, 1973 transferred to P&O and scrapped. 11,272
Norfolk (4)   see Essex (2)  
Northumberland (1) 1916 1951 scrapped. 11,559
Northumberland (2) 1955 1972 sold to Panama renamed Kavo Astrapi. 10,335
Nottingham (1) 1941 1941 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; loss of 61 lives. 8,592
Nottingham (2) 1950 1971 scrapped. 6,689
Otaio (2) 1958 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1976 sold to Liberia renamed Eastern Academy. 10,792
Otaki (4) 1953 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1975 sold to Greece, 1976 renamed Mahmoud. 10,934
Pakipaki 1914 ex- Ammon, Kosmos Line war reparation), 1921 became Trewinnard, Hain SS Co, 1925 transferred to Federal renamed Pakipaki, 1933 scrapped. 7,166
Papanui 1910 ex- Preussen, Hamburg America Line war reparation, 1919 became Trevithick, Hain SS Co, 1924 transferred to Federal Line renamed Papanui, 1934 scrapped. 8,046
Paparoa (2) 1944 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1970 scrapped. 10,006
Pareora 1915 ex- Falkenfels (1), Hansa Line war reparation, 1920 became Tredenham, Hain SS Co, 1924 transferred to Federal renamed Pareora, 1934 scrapped. 8435
Piako (3) 1962 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1971 transferred to P&O, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Reefer Queen. 9,986
Pipiriki 1944 1966 transferred from NZSCo., 1971 scrapped. 10,065
Pipiriki (1) 1914 ex-Lippe, North German Lloyd war reparation), 1920 became Tresithney, Hain SS Co, 1924 transferred to Federal renamed Pipiriki, 1933 scrapped. 6,804
Port Chalmers 1891 1896 purchased from Anglo-Australian SN Co, 1898 sold to US Government renamed Glacier. 4,154
Puriri 1915 ex- Augsburg, North German Lloyd war reparation, 1921 became Tremere, Hain SS Co, 1924 transferred to Federal renamed Puriri, 1934 scrapped. 8,047
Rakaia 1945 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1971 scrapped. 8,213
Rangitane (2) 1951 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1968 sold to Greece renamed Jan, then to C. Y. Tung, Hong Kong renamed Oriental Esmeralda. 21,809
Rangitata   see NZSCo.   
Rangitoto 1949 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1969 sold to C. Y. Tung, Hong Kong renamed Oriental Carnaval. 21,809
Rotorua (2)   see Shropshire.  
Ruahine (3) 1951 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1968 sold to C. Y. Tung, Hong Kong renamed Oriental Rio. 17,851
Shropshire 1911 1922 renamed Rotorua (2) 1936 transferred to New Zealand Shipping Co ownership, 1940 torpedoed and sunk in N.Atlantic; loss of 19 lives. 11,911
Somerset (1) 1903 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ushant; no loss of life. 7,150
Somerset (2) 1918 1941 sunk by air attack off Ireland. 8,790
Somerset (3) 1946 1954 transferred to P&O renamed Aden, 1967 scrapped. 9,940
Somerset (4) 1962 1973 transferred to P&O, 1980 sold to Greece renamed Aegean Sky. 7,602
Stafford 1944 ex- Samingoy, 1947 purchased from MOWT renamed Stafford, 1950 sold to Nassau Maritime Co, L:ondon renamed Bimini. 7,266
Suffolk (1) 1899 1900 wrecked on South African coast. 5,464
Suffolk (2) 1902 1927 scrapped. 7,573
Suffolk (3) 1939 1968 scrapped. 11,145
Surrey (1) 1899 1915 sold to Blue Star Line renamed Brodfield. 5,455
Surrey (2) 1919 1942 torpedoed and sunk north of Cristobal. 8,580
Surrey (3) 1952 1969 transferred to British India S.N. Co. renamed Juwara. 7,227
Sussex (1)   purchased on stocks by Shaw Savill, renamed Karamea (1).  
Sussex (2) 1900 1919 became cargo only, 1929 scrapped. 5,474
Sussex (3) 1938 1946 transferred to P&O renamed Palana, 1954 reverted to Federal renamed Cambridge (2), 1962 scrapped. 11,062
Sussex (4) 1949 1973 transferred to P&O, 1976 scrapped. 11,272
Taupo 1966 1971 transferred to P&O, 1949 transferred to Strick Line, 1980 sold to Austasia Line renamed Mandama. 10,983
Tekoa (2) 1966 1969 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1979 transferred to Strick Line, 1980 sold to Austasia Line renamed Mahsuri. 10,975
Tongariro (4) 1967 1969 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1979 transferred to Strick Line, 1980 sold to Panama renamed Reefer Princess. 11,000
Turakina (4) 1960 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1973 transferred to P&O, 1977 sold to Liberia renamed Patricia U. 7,707
Westmoreland    * 1917 1942 torpedoed and sunk north of Bermuda. 8,867
Westmorland      * 1966 1973 transferred to P&O, 1979 transferred to Strick Line, 1980 sold to Lebanon renamed Fares Reefer. 8,231
Wharanui 1956 1967 transferred from NZSCo., 1969 transferred to British India S.N. Co. renamed Waipara. 8,701
Wild Auk 1971 1980 sold to Greece renamed Olympian Reefer. 7,290
Wild Avocet 1972 1980 sold to Greece renamed Delphic Reefer. 7,291
Wild Cormorant 1973 1982 sold to Greece renamed Attica Reefer. 7,594
Wild Curlew 1973 1982 sold to Greece renamed Athenian Reefer. 7,594
Wild Flamingo 1973 1983 sold to Singapore renamed Reefer Ciku. 5,014
Wild Fulmar 1974 1983 sold to Singapore renamed Reefer Diku. 5,014
Wild Gannet 1977 1983 sold to Singapore renamed Reefer Manggis. 5,014
Wild Grebe 1978 1983 sold to Singapore renamed Reefer Nangka. 5,017
Wild Mallard   see Mataura (3)  
Wild Marlin   see Manapouri.  
Wiltshire 1912 1922 wrecked on Great Barrier Island; no loss of life. 12,160

   *  (spellings of Westmoreland and Westmorland, are both correct)

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