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The Fleets

Finland Steamship Company Ltd. / Finska Ångfartygs Aktiebolaget (FÅA)

Founded in 1883 by Captain Lars Krogius to compete with the increasing number of steamers coming into service in the Baltic, and to maintain a regular service to the United Kingdom for Finland's agricultural and forestry products. In 1884 the first steamships, SIRIUS and ORION were completed, and the company expanded rapidly and owned eight ships by 1890 and 27 by 1899, totalling 30,000 gross tons. Originally winter traffic to Finland was considered impossible, and their ships were forced to sail south for the winter months. However, with the assistance of a loan from the State, the CAPELLA was built in 1888, able to withstand ice pressure, and in the winter of 1888-89 maintained a service between Hanko and Hull for most of the season. In the light of this, new ships were planned to meet ice conditions, and from 1898 to 1914 an uninterrupted service ran between Hanko and Hull.

The export of butter to the UK required regular sailings and vessels equipped with refrigerated cargo space, and the company placed it's best ships on this service between Hanko and Hull, and later between Turku and Hull. They were also heavily involved in the transport of Finnish emigrants to Hull on their way to America and by 1932 had carried nearly half a million passengers on this route. (see Transmigration via British Ports )

During the 1914-1918 war, the company lost eight of the nine vessels that were beyond the Baltic at the outbreak of war, and as these ships were employed by the British Admiralty, they never received full compensation. Payment was dependent on the approval of the Russian Government and this was never received due to the Russian Revolution. However, the company's ships played an important role in the country's war of independence and lost many ships, but by 1919 economic conditions improved and the fleet expanded rapidly, comprising 44 vessels, totalling 55,000 tons by 1929.

The trade depression of the 1930s did not affect Finland's export trade to any great extent and the company continued to grow.

Apart from the war years, very little loss of tonnage occurred. The only major incident being the collision between the OBERON and ARCTURUS on 19th Dec.1930 in the Kattegat. The ships were commanded by brothers and collided in dense fog, the OBERON sinking almost immediately with the loss of 40 lives.

On the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, the company owned 58 ships (80,000 tons) and operated 22 regular routes. They lost several ships, but were able to purchase others, and by 1943 owned 62 vessels. However, they were forced to surrender 25 ships, including their newest and best, to the Soviet Union as reparations after the end of the war. New ships were built and others purchased and by 1958 the number of ships owned was 55. At this time, cargo services were operated to most European countries as well as the east coast of North America. Passenger routes ran between Turku - Stockholm, Helsinki - Stockholm, Helsinki - Copenhagen and Helsinki - Lubeck.
see also The F..A. Line's Emigrant Ships for pictures

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Fleet List (to 1958):

NAME
BUILT
GROSS
TONS
HISTORY
AALLOTAR 1937 2900 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
AALLOTAR 1952 2915 1971 sold to Angf. A/B Bore, Finland.
ABO 1873
436
1893 purchased, 1897 sold to Ali Dadascheff, Baku.
AEGIR 1896
769
1920 taken over from Helsingfors Angf A.B. when companies merged.
ALDEBARAN 1938 1832 1968 sold to Greece renamed ANTONIOS
ALGOL 1902 2221 1917 requisitioned by British Government, Jun.1917 captured and scuttled by U.Boat off North Cape.
ANTARES 1932 1381 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
ANTARES 1949 2113 1968 sold to Panama renamed AMIGO.
ARA 1923 1940 ex- ARGO, 1937 purchased from Rasmussen, Denmark renamed ARA, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed OLONETS.
ARA 1954 1349 1966 sold to Cie. Franco-Finlandaise de Nav., France renamed LA GAVOTTE.
ARATOR 1911 4724 ex- EQUATOR (Finland South America Line), 1953 sold to Anchor Shipping, Finland.
ARCTURUS 1899 2155 1957 scrapped Germany.
ARGO 1889
?
6th Jan1891 wrecked. 
ARGO 1921 1817 1963 scrapped.
ARIADNE 1897
?
1901 sold to Bordeaux.
ARIADNE 1914 2698 1914-1918 Russian Navy Hospital Ship, 1969 scrapped.
ARIEL 1897
396
ex- IGOR, 1913 purchased, 26th Mar.1916 sank.
ARIEL 1929 2197 Aug.1944 sunk by Allied air attack on Stettin.
ARIEL 1954 2145 1969 sold to Sweden renamed MONTROSE.
ASTRAEA 1891  1186 1930 sold to H.A.Elfving, Hango.
ASTREA 1941 3269 Laid up in Turku during WWII, 1944 sold to Svea Line, Sweden.
ASTREA 1956 1518 1974 sold to Panama renamed SPEEDAFRIC.
BALTIC  1898 1077 1920 taken over.
BJARMIA 1894 1317 ex- GREYFRIARS, built for W.Leslie & Co, Aberdeen, 1906 purchased by Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B, renamed BJARMIA, 1926 taken over when companies merged, 1929 sold to G.Rosenfeldt, Reval, renamed KUSTAS.
BJARMIA 1945 1558 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
BJARMIA 1947 2092 1968 sold to Greece renamed DARLING.
BORE II 1900
737
1915 purchased from Angf A.B. Bore, Turku in wrecked condition, 1916 sold to Russian Navy renamed JASTREB. 
CANOPUS 1911 1598 ex- SAN MATEO, 1937 purchased, 1962 sold to Greece renamed POPI.
CAPELLA 1888 1102 1945 to USSR as war reparations.
CAPELLA 1944 1563 1944 to USSR as war reparation.
CAPELLA 1945 1495 1965 scrapped.
CARELIA 1921 1083 1925 purchased from Atlantic Rederi, Helsingfors, 1963 scrapped.
CASTOR 1898  1225 Apr.1901 wrecked off coast of Spain.
CASTOR 1906 1261 Built as SAGA, 1912 owned by A. Busck & Cie., Marseilles renamed CETTOIS, 1914 purchased and renamed CASTOR, 1914-1918 seized by Germany, 1962 scrapped. 
CERES 1889
995
1952 scrapped at Ghent.
CERES 1952 1347 1973 sank in Gulf of Bothnia after developing list.
CLIO 1907
995
1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged.
CLIO 1944 1487 1965 scrapped.
CORONA 1921 1591 ex- NELLY, 1936 purchased from J. Lauritzen, Denmark renamed CORONA, 1945 MOWT, London renamed EMPIRE CONCERTO, 1946 reverted to Finland renamed CORONA, 1960 scrapped. 
DIONE 1920 1779 ex- SMALAND, 1937 purchased from S. Janson, Goteborg renamed DIONE, 1945 to USSR as war reparations renamed ORANIENBAUM.
DIONE 1941 1953 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
EXPRESS 1876
381
1894 purchased, 1901 sold to Archangel.
FENNIA 1897 1197 1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged.
FENNIA 1944 1487 1965 scrapped.
FINLAND 1876
551
1893 purchased from Angf A.B.Turku, Turku, Dec.1898 sold to Sweden.
FINLANDIA 1920 1145 1925 taken over from Atlantic Rederi, Helsingfors, 1944 to USSR as war reparation renamed KURA.
FINLANDIA 1946 2094 1967 renamed CARELIA, 1968 sold to Liberia renamed ELIANA.
FLORA 1880 
557
ex- FIDUCIA, 1902 purchased in wrecked condition, repaired and wrecked Dec.1902 on Finnish coast in thick fog.
FREJ 1900
561
ex- VLADIMIR, 1907 purchased by Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B renamed FREJ, 1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged. 1959 sold to Partrederi Fygia, Finland renamed FYLGIA.
HEBE 1898
791
ex- BORE I, 1919 purchased from Angf A.B.Bore, 1926 sold to Angf A.B.Bore.
HEBE 1912
685
1949 grounded off Boisto, salvaged and sold to Capt.O.Nyland, Helsinki.
HEKTOS 1903 2092 1914 purchased from Finska Lloyd, 1918 seized by Russia renamed AGITATOR, 1923 recovered and repaired, 1961 scrapped.
HEROS 1957 1373 1975 sold to Greece renamed SKOPELOS SEA.
HESPERUS 1903 2231 1914 taken over from Angf A.B. Finska Lloyd, requisitioned by British Admiralty, Apr.1917 torpedoed and sunk by U.Boat.
HESPERUS 1922 2175 ex- KILSTROOM, 1933 purchased from Hollandsche Stoom. Maats, Amsterdam renamed HESPERUS, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed PAVLOVSK.
HESPERUS 1921 2324 ex- HEIMGAR, 1947 purchased from C. Stamer, Bergen renamed HESPERUS, 1969 wrecked on rocks at Lebanon.
ILMATAR 1929 2364 1945 to USSR as war reparation, renamed EMBA.
INARI 1958 1362 1975 sold to Yugoslavia renamed LUN.
INNAMO 1922 1790 ex- PEGGY THORDEN, 1946 purchased from Finnish Government renamed INNAMO, 1964 sold to Sweden, converted to stone crushing mill barge
IRIS 1884
446
1926 taken over from Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B. when companies merged.
IVALO 1902 2035 ex- BRETLAND, 1937 purchased from Det Danske Kulkompagni, Copenhagen renamed IVALO, 1954 scrapped Scotland.
IVALO 1957 1362 1975 sold to Yugoslavia renamed RAD.
JACOBSTAD 1875 
604
1892 purchased, 1905 sold to Odessa.
JUNO 1906 1239 1925 wrecked.
JUNO 1920 1241 ex- LORMONT, 1934 purchased from Moss Hutchison Line renamed JUNO, 30th Oct.1939 mined and sunk off Hull.
JUNO 1948 1778 ex- IRISH WILLOW, 1954 purchased renamed JUNO, 1966 sold to Lebanon renamed AMIRA-K
KOLLAA 1943 1339 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
LAPPONIA 1898 1172 ex- JOHANNA, 1908 purchased by Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B, 1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged.
LEDA 1908 1282 19th Aug.1944 bombed and sunk at Bremen in Allied air attack.
LEO 1903 2224 1915 torpedoed and sunk near Tuskar Rock.
LEO 1920 1242 ex- LANDES, 1934 purchased from Moss Hutchison Line renamed LEO, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed GATCHINA.
LEO 1948 1766 ex- IRISH ROSE, 1954 purchased renamed LEO, 1966 sold to Gibraltar renamed COLON.
LYRA 1881
355
1912 purchased, 1928 sold to Turku.
MALLAND 1911
332
1923 sold to Helsingfors Skeppsvary.
MARGARETA 1919 1859 1941 purchased from A. Karlsson , Mariehamn, 1944 sunk in collision with s/s LIGUR.
MERCATOR 1920 4748 ex- EMPIRE CROUCH, 1952 purchased from Finland America Line, 1956 sold to J. Nurminen, Herlsingfors renamed RUTH NURMINEN.
MIRA 1898
820
1955 scrapped at Hamburg.
MIRA 1956 1377 1975 sold to Cyprus renamed ETTORE
NAJADEN 1906 1989 1939 purchased from J. Lauritzen, Denmark, 1960 scrapped after stranding at Helsinki. 
NAVIGATOR 1905 3700 1932 purchased, 1935 sunk in collision with s/s MERVYN in Atlantic.
NAVIGATOR 1921 3700 1952 purchased from Finland America Line, 1956 sold to Liberia renamed KEFALOS.
NJORD 1919
528
ex- SUNKIST, 1924  purchased by Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B, 1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged, 1926 sold to Pargas Kalkbergs A.B.
NORMA 1907 1507 ex- BRUSSEL, 1958 still in service, no further info. 
NORRA FINLAND 1885 
593
1892 purchased, 1909 sold to Stockholm Rederi A/B, Svea.
OBERON 1896 1922 1901 sold to M.Jebsen, Hamburg.
OBERON 1925 3007 19th Dec.1930 sank in the Kattegat after collision with ARCTURUS.
OIHONNA 1898 1072 1960 scrapped.
ORION 1884  1066 1914 Requisitioned by Russia, 1919 repurchased, 1931 wrecked in snowstorm.
ORION 1935 2407 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
ORION 1951 2353 1972 sold to Cyprus renamed MARIGO T.
OSTROBOTNIA 1920 1335 1925 purchased from Atlantic Rederi, Helsingfors, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed RAZLIV.
OSTROBOTNIA 1946 2100 1958 still in service, no further info.
PALLAS 1890 1210 Dec.1916 captured and scuttled by U-Boat off Ushant.
PALLAS 1921 1425 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed UMBA.
PALLAS 1953 2220 1968 sold to Greece renamed ANNITA.
PATRIA 1923
695
1926 taken over with Wasa-Nordsjo Angb A.B when the companies merged, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed MGA..
PATRIA 1947 2093 1968 sold to Panama renamed GALATEA.
POHJANMAA 1929 2062 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
POHJANMAA 1951 2277 1968 sold to Greece renamed FIDELITY.
POLARIS 1899 2018 1914 requisitioned by Russia.
POLARIS 1912 1614 ex- PREUSSEN, 1933 purchased from Renata Damps. G. T. Gribel, Stettin renamed POLARIS, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed SESTRORETSK.
POLARIS 1956 1518 1974 sold to Panama renamed SPEED MEDIT.
POLLUX 1898 1288 Still in service 1958, no further info.
POSEIDON 1899
804
1912 purchased.
POSEIDON 1957 1373 1975 sold to Cyprus renamed NIKOLAKIS.
PRIMULA 1904
862
1920 taken over with Helsingfors Angf A.B. when companies merged, 1955 scrapped.
PRINSESSAN 
MARGARETA
1907 1375 1909 purchased, 1912 sold to Russia.
REGULUS 1889 1136 1905 wrecked off Uto.
REGULUS 1921 1821 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed PARNU
REGULUS 1942 2705 ex- LEENA NURMINEN, 1956 purchased renamed REGULUS, 1967 sold to Panama renamed INSULA.
RHEA 1883 1144 1891 purchased, Sep.1915 torpedoed and sunk off Scilly Isles.
RHEA 1921 1427 1939 seized by Germany, 1942 returned to Finland, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed KILDIN.
RHEA 1954 2198 1968 sold to Greece renamed EVALIA.
RIGEL 1937 1450 28th Oct.1944 mined and sunk near Porkkala.
RIGEL 1950 1664 1971 sold to Panama renamed FINDEX.
SAIMAA 1922 1824 ex- ERLAND, 1937 purchased from D. Brostrom, Goteborg renamed SAIMAA, 1964 sold to Panama renamed TAITU.
SALLA 1941 1340 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
SALLA 1957 1373 1975 sold to Greece renamed HEROIC SAILOR.
SAVONMAA 1922 1749 ex- ROLAND, 1936 purchased from D. Brostrom, Goteborg renamed SAVONMAA, 1937 wrecked off Norwegian coast in snowstorm.
SIRIUS 1884 1003 Jun.1918 torpedoed and sunk off Scotland while in service of British Admiralty.
SIRIUS 1929 2197 1945 to USSR as war reparation.
SIRIUS 1949 2339 1958 still in service, no further info.
SUOMEN NEITO 1921 1094 1928 purchased from Suomen Valtamarentakaisen, Helsingfors, 1963 scrapped.
SUOMEN POIKA 1921 1174 1928 purchased from Reposaaren Hoyrysaha, Helsingfors, 1945 to USSR as war reparations renamed PIONER.
SUOMI 1910
659
1944 sold to Carl Gahlnback, Danzig.
TAURUS 1908
195
1910 purchased, 1913 sold to Axel Lundberg, Rauma.
TAURUS 1923 1529 ex- LALY, 1937 purchased from Gogstad & Co., Norway renamed TAURUS, 1945 to USSR as war reparation renamed TIHVIN.
TITANIA 1895 1917 1901 sold to W.Diederiksen, Kiel.
TITANIA 1908 3495 1916 taken over by British Admiralty, Mar.1918 mined and sunk off Scotland.
TOR 1890
334
1896 purchased, 1916 requisitioned by Russia.
TORNEA 1876
704
1892 purchased.
ULEABORG 1876 
549
1892 purchased from Uleaborgs Angf. 7th Sep.1914 sunk by German destroyer in Baltic.
URANIA (1) 1891 1136 Feb.1913 collided with Norwegian steamer FANCY and sank.
URANIA (2) 1897 1936 ex- RUSSIE, 1913 purchased, 1915 chartered by Russian Admiralty for voyage UK to Archangel and sank during voyage 
URSA 1904 2790 ex- KARIN, 1941 purchased from K. Hansen, Helsingforsrenamed URSA, 1945 scuttled at Bremen, 1945 salvaged and 1947 sold to R.Nordstrom & Co, Loviisa, Finland renamed MARGARETA.
URSUS 1906
180
1913 sold
VEGA 1906
973
1914-1919 seized by Germany, 22nd Sep.1955 sank outside Kotka after collision with Swedish ship BALI.
VEGA 1957 1372 1974 sold to Philippines renamed MARTINA.
VESTA 1889 1015 15th Jan.1945 capsized and sank north of Aland.
VESTA 1952 1336 1974 sold to Mini Carriers A/B, Finland renamed MINISTAR.
VIOLA 1893
324
1940 sold to Angbats A/B Aland.
VIRGO 1906 1070 1963 scrapped.
VON DOBELN 1876 
669
1892 purchased from Wasa Angf.A.B.
WAPPU 1930 1444 ex- GOWER, 1933 purchased renamed WAPPU, 1958 still in service, no further info.
WASA 1871
610
1892 purchased from Russia, 1899 sold to Hans Diedrich Schmidt, Pernau. 
WELLAMO 1897 1042 1916 sunk by German submarine.
WELLAMO 1927 1944 1968 sold to M. Rauanheimo O/Y, Finland renamed OULUTAR. 
WIIDES 1904 2324 1941 purchased from Wiides O/Y, Helsingfors, 1944 wrecked at mouth of River Weser.
WIKLA 1909 1179 ex- TEMPO, 1936 purchased renamed WIKLA, 1960 scrapped after ice damage.

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