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Funnels, Flags, and Night Signals of the Transatlantic Lines

(from The History of North Atlantic Steam Navigation, by Henry Fry, 1896, p. 292.) with additions from other sources from time to time.
Line Funnels Flags Night Signals
American 1873-1884 Red funnel with narrow white band below black top. On the red a white keystone.
1884-1892 Red funnel with narrow white band below black top. On the red, a white keystone containing a red star.
1892-1933 Black with white band.
Flag: Red, swallow-tail, white keystone in centre, with red star
Red light, Roman candle throwing six red balls, red light
Anchor Black White swallow-tail, red anchor in centre Red and white lights alternately (lanterns)
Allan Red with narrow white band below black top Red, white and blue, with pennant Three blue lights displayed in form of triangle
Atlantic Transport Red with black top    
Bailey & Leetham Black with a vertical broad white stripe, rounded at the top
(giving the company the nickname "Tombstone Line")
 
Beaver Black, two white bands, black top. Beaver on white ground, blue border and pennant Three green lights simultaneously, one at each end of bridge and one at stern of vessel
Ben Line Yellow    
Bermuda & West Indies Black with one narrow and one broad red band.  
Blue Anchor Black with white band containing blue anchor and chain.  
Booth Line 1866-1946 Black
1947-1992 Black funnel with representation of house flag.
 
Bordeaux White, with black top White, red border, three red crescents in centre, blue letters C.B.N.V. Blue, red and white Coston light
Bristol Black, red band, blue and white circle, black top Red, blue and white, ball in centre A Coston pyrotechnic signal showing red and green alternately
Bristol City Black, with white band and containing a star White swallowtail with star  
Canadian Northern Yellow with a blue top    
Chargeurs Reunis Buff with broad white band containing small red stars  
Cosulich Red funnel with black top, broad white band on the red.  
Cunard Red with two or three narrow black bands and black top Red, with yellow lion holding world Blue light and two Roman candles, each throwing six blue balls
Deutsche Afrika see Woermann    
Deutsche Levante Black with broad white band containing reproduction of houseflag.  
Dominion Red with white band and black top Red white diamond, and blue ball in centre Roman candle throwing six red stars
East Asiatic 1897-1966 Yellow
1966-1997 Yellow with blue letters E A C
 
Elder Dempster Group British & African S.N. Co 1868-1929 black.
African SS Co 1852-1864, black.
African SS Co 1864-1932, buff.
Elder Dempster 1887-1890, black.
Elder Dempster 1890-1989, buff.
 
Elders & Fyffes & Geest Elders & Fyffes 1901-1970 &1986-on Buff with black top
Elders & Fyffes 1970-1986 (see webpage)
Geest 1954-1960 (see webpage)
Geest 1960-1996 (see webpage)
 
Ellerman & Bucknall 1880-1935 Black with circlet of six white diamonds (three visible from any viewing angle)
1935-1973 Buff with white band below black top.
Ellerman "City Line" 1870-1901 Dark buff with black top
1901-1904 Buff with red. white and blue bands, black top.
1904-1988 Buff with white band below black top.
 
Ellerman " Hall Line" 1871-1901 Light yellow
1901-1973 Buff with white band below black top.
 
Ellerman & Papayanni 1855-1901 Pale pink, black top.
1901-1904 Pink, blue band below black top.
1904-1973 Buff, white band below black top.
 
Ellerman - Westcott & Laurence Black  
Fabre Black White, with blue cross  
Furness Withy & Co 1870-1912 Black
1912-1920 Black with blue band containing white F
1920-1999 Black with one narrow and one broad red band.
 
German Australian Black funnel with broad white & broad red stripe  
Great Western Black, red band, blue and white ball Red, blue and white ball in centre A Coston pyrotechnic signal showing alternately red, white and blue in order named
Guion Black, red band and black top Blue, white diamond, black star in centre Blue lights forward, aft and on bridge simultaneously
Hamburg 1854-1889 Black
1889-1927 Black on cargo ships operating to Africa, Australia, Mediterranean and Baltic.
1889-1927 Buff on passenger ships and cargo ships operating to the Caribbean and China.
1927-1939 Yellow with black top on Baltic route ships.
1927-         Yellow with black, white and red rings.
Flag: White and blue, anchor, shield, and letters H.A.P.A.G.
Three Roman candles at stern of vessel each showing seven stars as follows-white, red, blue, white, red, blue, white
Hamburg South American 1872-1911 Black
1900-1911 Buff (CAP liners only)
1911-         White with red top.
 
Holland America 1873-1898 Black funnel with narrow green, white, green bands.
1898-1971 Buff funnel with narrow green, white, green bands.
Inman Black with broad white band White swallow-tail, I.& I. In centre in red Blue light forward and aft, red light on bridge, and rocket
Italia White funnel with narrow green band and broad red band below narrow black top.
Jamaica Banana Producers Blue funnel with two white bands below black top.    
Lamport & Holt Blue funnel with broad white band below black top.  
Leyland Pink, black top Red flag, square Three red lights in succession
Lloyd Sabaudo 1907-1914 Yellow with green, white, green bands.
1914-1932 Yellow with blue, white, blue bands.
 
Messageries Maritimes 1835-1960 Black
1960 -        Black with representation of house flag.
 
National White, with black top Red Union Jack, ground white, cross in centre Blue light forward and aft, and red light on bridge
Nav. Gen. Italiana Black with broad white band. Red and white ground, lion and red cross Red, green, white, red Coston light
Nav. Libera Triestina 1907-1935 Black funnel with blue band containing white letters NLT.
1936-1937 Buff funnel with blue band containing white letters NLT.
Nelson Red with White, black, white bands below black top  
Neptune Black with broad red band.    
Netherlands Buff funnel with black top    
Netherlands see Holland America Black, white band, green border Green, white and green, N.A.S.M. in centre Green, white and green lights
North Atlantic SN Co Black    
North German Lloyd Red Star & White Star funnels were buff White, blue key and anchor crossed, oak-leaf wreath Two blue and red Coston lights changing together
Orient 1877-1906 Black
1906-1965 Buff Yellow
   
Pacific Steam Navigation 1840-1909 Black
1910-1980 Buff.
   
Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company / P&O Line 1835-1972 Black
1931- Yellow (passenger ships)
1971- Light Blue with white P & O monogram
 
Prince 1891-1914 black funnel with broad red band containing white Prince of Wales feathers. (1914-1919 wartime grey)
Prince & Rio Cape 1919-1985 black funnel with narrow red band above broad red band. White Prince of Wales feathers on broad red band.
Red Star 1873 Black with broad white band containing red star.
1884 Buff with red star and black top.
1893 Black with white band.
Flag: White, with red star
Three red lights forward, bridge and aft
Red Cross Line / (R.S.) 1869-1901 Black with white band containing red cross.  
Rotterdam Lloyd Black    
Royal Holland Lloyd Yellow with narrow black band.    
Royal Mail 1841-1899 Black
1900-1972 Buff
   
Shaw, Savill & Albion Buff with black top    
Société Générale de Transport Maritimes (S.G.T.M.) Black with broad red band.    
Standard Fruit black funnel with white band containing a red (?) V.  
Thistle Black with two narrow white bands, widely spaced  
Transatlantic
C.G.T.
Red, with black top White, red ball in corner, and words "Cie. Gle. Transatlantique" (in 1860-1870s possible C.G.T.A.) Blue light forward, white light amidships, red light aft
Thingvalla Yellow, white band, blue stars White, with seven pointed blue stars White, red, red white Coston light
Unione Austriaca see Cosulich    
Union Steamship 1858 - 1863 Black
1863 - 1870 Buff, black top
1870 - 1891 Black
1891 - 1900 Buff
   
United American Yellow with two narrow blue bands.  
United Fruit Buff funnel with broad red band below black top. Red band contains large white diamond.  
United States Lines Red with white band below blue top.  
Veneziana Black with narrow white, broad red and narrow white bands.  
Warren 1865 - 1921 Black
1922 - 1975 Black with one narrow and one broad red band.
Flag: Red flag, square, white diamond in centre
 
White Star Buff with black top Red swallow-tail, with white star Two green lights simultaneously
White Cross Yellow, black top Red, with white cross Green, white, green Coston light
Wilson Red, with black top White pennant, with red ball Two red lights
Woermann Line Yellow funnel with black, white, red, white, black bands on the yellow. Black top. (Deutsche Afrika Line the same).  
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