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The Fleets

Huddart, Parker & Co. 1876-1961 and associated companies

The company was founded on August 1, 1876 in Geelong as Huddart, Parker & Co. Pty. Ltd, by James Huddart, T.J. Parker, John. Traill, and Captain T. Webb. Earlier, in the 1850s, James Huddart's uncle, Captain Peter Huddart had made his fortune importing coal for use in the Victorian goldfields. He was the first major operator handling coal from the port of Geelong. Mr. T.J.Parker, was a merchant who arrived in Geelong from London in 1853. The trading activities each built up through the gold-rush era and beyond led to a linking of the businesses of their descendants and successors, to become Huddart Parker & Company.

After 1876 Huddart Parker expanded rapidly. By 1886 it had inaugurated the Melbourne-Adelaide shipping service and in 1882 entered the Sydney Melbourne trade. During the early 1890s its steamers were running to the principal ports of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, and in 1893 it was also trading with ports in New Zealand.

The Company became public, as Huddart Parker Limited, in Melbourne in 1912.

In 1921 Huddart Parker came to an agreement with the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand to establish a joint venture operation on the Bass Strait where both companies owned a 50% stake in the company Tasmanian Steamers.

During World War I five of the company's vessels were requisitioned for the war. The Wimmera was sunk on 26 June 1918 following collision with a German mine north of Cape Maria van Diemen, New Zealand, killing 26 passengers. Then again in World War II three of the company's passenger ships, Zealandia, Westralia and Wanganella were pressed into war service.

Huddart Parker was finally taken over by Bitumen and Oil Refineries Australia Limited in October 1961.

Associated Companies New Zealand & Australian Steamship Co. 1892-93
  Canadian Australian Royal Mail Line 1893-98
  Tasmanian Steamers Pty. Ltd.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

  • Routes:
    • Sydney - Auckland - Gisborne - Napier - Wellington - Lyttleton - Dunedin
    • Sydney - Fremantle

Funnels:
cargo ships - black
passenger ships - buff

Fleet:

Funnel Funnel Flag Flag
  Cargo ship Passenger ships 1876-1912 1912-1961
    Sailing Ships  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Briton 1854 wooden ship, 1874 purchased by James Huddart from E. Holmes, Melbourne, 1876 sold to Howard Smith & Partners, Melbourne and converted to lighter. 452
Catherine 1839 wooden schooner, 1854 purchased by Peter Huddart from T. Dawson, Melbourne, 1860 sold to J. Frame, Geelong. 51
Clarkstone 1820 wooden barque, 1855 purchased by Peter Huddart from J. F. Smith, Melbourne, 1856 sold to T.Norton, Melbourne. 244
Conference 1855 iron barque, 1877 purchased from C & R. Bright, Melbourne, 1882 sold to J. Dransfield, Wellington. 421
Drover 1854 wooden brig, 1860 purchased by Peter Huddart from J. Hemphill, Melbourne, 1863 sold to S. R. Groom, Melbourne. 173
Eagle 1840 wooden cutter, 1862 purchased by Peter Huddart from J. Cook, Sydney, 1863 sold to G. J. Prior, Geelong. 26
Emma 1845 wooden schooner, 1855 purchased by Peter Huddart from Williamson & Robertson, Melbourne, 1860 sold to G. Thomas, Melbourne. 81
Frederica 1858 wooden barque, 1878 purchased from B. W. Morley, Melbourne, 1884 converted to coal hulk at Melbourne, 1909 scrapped at Hobart. 375
Jane Catherine 1824 wooden schooner, 1854 purchased by Peter Huddart, 1855 sold to L. E. Murphy & others, Sydney. 374
Jane Spiers 1857 wooden barque, 1872 purchased by James Huddart from R. Pockley, Sydney, 1873 sold to G. Coleman, Melbourne. 309
Medea 1858 wooden barque, 1871 purchased by James Huddart from James Baines, Liverpool, 1876 transferred to Huddart, Parker & Co., 1880 wrecked near Port Phillip Heads on voyage Geelong to Newcastle, NSW. 423
Miranda 1877 wooden schooner, 1879 sold to L. Tindall, Melbourne. 40
Naramissic 1852 wooden barque, 1878 purchased from W. Morley, Melbourne, 1879 sold to H. Moss, Melbourne. 299
Natal 1849 wooden barque, 1860 purchased by Peter Huddart, 1865 wrecked on Wilson's Promontary on voyage Newcastle, NSW to Melbourne. 178
Olivia Davis 1864 wooden barque, 1876 purchased from Parker & Webb, Geelong, 1882 wrecked at Warrnambool. 523
Pleiades 1858 wooden barque, 1880 purchased from E. A. White, Newcastle NSW, 1880 sold to P. Duncan, Melbourne. 329
Proteus 1815 wooden barque, 1854 purchased by Peter Huddart from Wilson & Williams, Sydney, 1857 sold to G. W. Cole, Melbourne. 254
Queen Emma 1863 wooden barque, 1875 purchased by James Huddart from Foster & Emmes, Honolulu, 1876 transferred to Huddart, Parker & Co., 1881 sold to F. D. Walker, Sydney. 314
Result 1852 wooden barque, 1878 purchased from underwriters and repaired after abandoned as a wreck, 1880 went missing in Bass Strait on voyage Newcastle, NSW to Geelong. 767
Sarah Ann 1850 wooden barque, 1856 purchased by Peter Huddart from Bentley & Low, Geelong, 1862 sold to D. Thomas, Melbourne. 27
Sparrowhawk 1856 wooden barque, 1876 purchased by Huddart, Parker & Co. from W. Morley, Melbourne, 1881 converted to coal hulk. 468
Sussex 1831 wooden barque, 1865 purchased by Peter Huddart from W. Young, Geelong, 1870 wrecked on Point Nepean, Victoria. 332
Sydney Griffiths 1850 wooden barque, 1862 purchased by Peter Huddart from Henty & Harrison, Portland, 1870 sold to Le Neveu & Patten, Geelong. 333
Vibilia 1834 wooden brigantine, 1856 purchased by Peter Huddart from J. Baker, Geelong, 1862 sold to S. Groom, Geelong. 121
William Hill 1847 wooden brig, 1861 purchased by Peter Huddart from F. H. Trouton, Sydney, 1864 sold to J. H. Turner, Geelong. 119
 
    Steamships  
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Adelong 1936 1941-47 requisitioned by Shipping Control Board, 1961 sold to McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd, Melbourne. 3,577
Alert 1877 1893 sank off Port Phillip Heads with loss of 15 lives. 243
Anglian 1894 1894 purchased from Union SS Co., Southampton, 1913 converted to coal hulk at Port Adelaide, later Sydney, 1933 hull scuttled. 2,159
Barwon (1) 1901 1930 sold to Greece renamed Minas. 2,999
Barwon (2) 1939 1941-47 requisitioned by Shipping Control Board, 1961 sold to McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd, Melbourne. 4,239
Burrumbeet 1885 1915 sold to G. McBain, Shanghai. 2,420
Colac (1) 1884 1886 sold to Adelaide SS Co. 1,480
Colac (2) 1919 ex- Dinoga, 1926 purchased from Commonwealth Government Line renamed Colac, 1950 laid up, 1952 sold to James Paterson & Co., Melbourne renamed Easby. 3,341
Coogee 1887 ex- Lancashire Witch, 1888 purchased from New Isle of Man S.N. Co. renamed Coogee, 1918-1919 taken over by Royal Australian Navy as minesweeper, 1921 chartered to Telegraph Department to repair Bass Strait cable, then laid up. 1927 scrapped and hull scuttled. 762
Corangamite 1885 1886 wrecked near Jervis Bay, NSW. 2,420
Corio (1) 1898 ex- Frances Holland, 1900 purchased from F. S. Holland, London renamed Corio, 1926 sold to National SS Co., Shanghai renamed Tung Foong. 2,061
Corio (2) 1919 ex- Delungra, 1926 purchased from Commonwealth Government Line renamed Corio, 1951 wrecked off Cape Banks, S.A. 3,346
Courier 1887 1927 scrapped, hull scuttled. 728
Despatch 1869 built for T. J. Parker 1876 transferred to Huddart, Parker & Co, 1911 wrecked at Lakes Entrance, Gippsland. 237
Elingamite 1887 1902 wrecked Weast Island, N.Z on voyage Sydney to Auckland ; loss of 45 lives. 2,585
Excelsior 1882 1919 dismantled at Melbourne and hull sold and used as lighter. 340
Express 1853 1861 purchased by T. J. Parker from W. Howard Smith, Melbourne, 1874 sold to E. P. Houghton, Dunedin. 199
Goulburn 1915 1955 sold to John Manners & Co., Hong Kong renamed Yarra Breeze. 2,363
Hebburn (1) 1915 1915 chartered by Belgian Relief Commitee, 1916-1919 requisitioned by British Admiralty as naval stores ship, 1919 sold to A & C. Abouaf, London renamed Graziella. 3,900
Hebburn (2) 1925 1931 sold to Sovtorgflot, Vladivostok renamed Sergei Kirov. 4,211
Lindus 1881 1899 wrecked Newcastle NSW. 1,679
Luna 1866 iron paddle steamer, built for T. J. Parker, 1868 sold to W. Marshall, Sydney. 252
Meeinderry 1883 1895 purchased from Anton Schlink, Adelaide, 1903 chartered to Marine Salvage Association, 1908 chartered to Eastern Telegraph Co. for repairs to Bass Strait cable, 1912 chartered to Gippsland Steamers Ltd, 1912 chartered to Howard Smith Ltd, 1917 chartered to R. G. Cowlishaw, Sydney, 1919 sold to J. M. Smith, Sydney. 217
Moorabool 1899 1928 sold to N. Moller, Shanghai renamed Nancy Moller. 2,996
Nairana 1921 1921 requisitioned by British Admiralty as seaplane carrier, 1922 transferred to Tasmanian Steamers Ltd, Melbourne, 1948 laid up, 1951 sold to Wm. Mussell Pty Ltd, Melbourne, wrecked same year. 3,042
Nelson 1876 1890 purchased from Western S.N. Co., Warrnambool, Vic. 1890 wrecked Tamar River, Tasmania. 649
Nemesis 1881 1904 sank off Cronulla, NSW with all hands (32 lives lost) 1,393
Riverina 1905 1927 wrecked near Cape Howe in cyclone. 4,758
Santon 1889 1893 sold to Glenayron SS Co., Aberystwyth renamed Glenayron. 2,577
Tambo 1892 1902 sold to Burns, Philp & Co., Sydney. 732
Tasmania 1892 1897 wrecked Hawke Bay on passage Sydney to Auckland with loss of 13 lives. 2,252
Ulimaroa 1908 1916-1920 requisitioned by New Zealand Government as troopship, 1934 scrapped at Osaka. 5,777
Victoria 1902 1918 sold to China-Australia Mail SS Co., Sydney. 2,969
Wanganella 1929 ex- Achimota, 1932 purchased from Elder Dempster & Co. renamed Wanganella, 1941-46 requisitioned as hospital ship, 1961 sold to McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd, Melbourne. 9,576
Warringa 1955 1961 sold to McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd, Melbourne. 2,716
Wastwater 1889 1893 sold to Wastwater SS Co., Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 2,862
Wendouree 1882 1898 wrecked Newcastle NSW. 1,640
Werribee 1909 1928 laid up, 1931 sold to San Peh S.N. Co., Shanghai renamed Hua Shan. 3,871
Westralia (1) 1897 1927 sold to W. R. Carpenter & Co., Sydney and engines removed, 1929 towed to Rabaul for use as coal hulk. 2,884
Westralia (2) 1929 1939 requisitioned as Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1943 converted to Landing Ship, 1947 converted to troopship, 1951 returned to owners, 1959 sold to Asian & Pacific Shipping Co., Suva renamed Delfino. 8,108
Wimmera 1904 26th Jun.1918 mined and sunk off Cape Maria van Diemen on voyage Auckland to Sydney with loss of 26 lives. 3,022
Woomera 1952 1961 sold to McIlwraith McEacharn Ltd, Melbourne. 4,033
Yarra 1907 1941-1946 requisitioned by Controller of Shipping, 1946 sold to United Corporation of China, Shanghai renamed Kuo Lien. 2,140
Zealandia (1) 1899 1908 sold to Union SS Co. of New Zealand renamed Paloona. 2,771
Zealandia (2) 1910 1910-1913 chartered to Union SS Co. of New Zealand, 1918-1919 requisitioned by British Admiralty, 1940 requisitioned by Australian Navy as transport, 19th Feb.1942 bombed and sunk at Darwin by Japanese. 6,660
.
New Zealand & Australian Steamship Co. 1892-93
Canadian Australian Royal Mail Line 1893-98
 
Joint operation between James Huddart & Co. and Union SS Co. of New Zealand to operate services to Canada until 1898 when the partnership was dissolved. — Canadian Australian Royal Mail Line
 
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Aorangi 1896 1898 to New Zealand Shipping Co., 1901 to Union SS Co. of New Zealand. 4,268
Miowera 1892 1898 to New Zealand Shipping Co., 1901 to Union SS Co. of New Zealand. 3,393
Warrimoo 1892 1898 to New Zealand Shipping Co., 1901 to Union SS Co. of New Zealand. 3,326
.
Tasmanian Steamers Pty. Ltd.
 
Managed jointly by Huddart Parker and Union SS Co. of New Zealand for Tasmania service.
 
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Loongana 1904 1922 transferred from Union SS Co. of New Zealand, 1936 scrapped Osaka. 2,448
Nairana   see Nairana - Huddart Parker listing.  
Oonah 1887 1922 transferred from Union SS Co. of New Zealand, 1935 scrapped Osaka. 1,757
Taroona 1935 1942-46 requisitioned as naval transport, 1959 sold to Typaldos Bros, Piraeus renamed Hellas. 4,286
Tatana 1955 1964 transferred to Union SS Co. of New Zealand. 1,396

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