Inman Line / Liverpool and Philadelphia Steamship Company / Liverpool,
New York and Philadelphia Steamship Company
Inman Line was formed in 1850 by three partners as the Liverpool & Philadelphia
SS Co and in 1852 added steerage berths to their ships to cater for the
emigrant trade. In 1852 two of the partners who were Quakers, disagreed
with the policy of chartering ships for trooping purposes and resigned.
After this the company became unofficially known as Inman Line after
the remaining founder, William Inman. In mid 1854 the transatlantic service
ceased as all the company ships were employed on Crimean War service
and didn't resume until Apr.1856. To cater for the growth of New York
traffic, the official name of the company was changed in 1857 to Liverpool
, New York and Philadelphia SS Co and Philadelphia rapidly became a secondary
port of call. Due to Irish emigrant trade, Queenstown was added as a
passenger call in 1859. The slump of 1867 caused the introduction of
services between Liverpool - New Orleans and Antwerp - New York but these
did not last for long. However, Inman gained the Queenstown - Halifax
contract the same year and also inaugurated a feeder service between
Halifax and St. John, N.B. The Inman Steamship Co was formed in 1875
and entered into collaboration with White
Star Line. By 1886 the company
was in serious financial difficulties and could not raise the money to
replace the ageing fleet. They went into voluntary liquidation in Oct.1886
and their assets were purchased by the American owned International Navigation
Co. who already owned the American
Line and Red Star Line. The ships
were then operated under an operating company, Inman & International
SS Co and continued to sail under the British flag. In 1892 the U.S.
Mail contract was awarded to Inman & International, providing that the
ships were transferred to the U.S. flag. The last Inman sailing from
Liverpool took place in Feb.1893 and the service was transferred to Southampton
and all ships became U.S. flagged under the ownership of American
Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data.
The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not
an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would
like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship
Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant
Ship web site.
- 1850-1856 Liverpool - Philadelphia
- 1856 Liverpool - New York - Philadelphia.
- 1857-1893 Liverpool - Queenstown (Cobh) - New York.
- 1867-1870 Liverpool - New Orleans
- 1867-1868 Antwerp - New York.
- 1867-1870 Queenstown - Halifax (with feeder service to St. John,
Black with broad white band
||Years in Service
|| tug at Liverpool.
||1883 chartered from White
Star for 2 voyages, 1885 - 1887 chartered from White Star Line for
|City of Antwerp
||1879 sold to Johnston Line renamed Thanemore.
|City of Baltimore
||1855-1856 chartered to France as Crimean War
transport, 1874 sold to Hall Line renamed
|City of Berlin
||1893 sold to American
Line renamed Berlin.
|City of Boston
||1870 went missing at sea; loss of 177 lives.
|City of Bristol
|City of Brooklyn
||1879 sold to Dominion
Line renamed Brooklyn.
|City of Brussels
||1883 sank in River Mersey after collision with
s/s KIRBY HALL; loss of 10 lives.
|City of Chester
||1893 sold to American
Line renamed Chester.
|City of Chicago
||1892 wrecked off Ireland; no lives lost
|City of Cork
||1871 sold to Italy renamed Mediterraneo.
|City of Dublin
||ex- Hellespont, 1864 purchased renamed City
of Dublin, 1873 to Dominion Line renamed
|City of Durham
||feeder service Halifax - St John's, NF, 1878
sold to J. Edwards, Liverpool.
City of Glasgow
||1851 purchased from Tod & McGregor,
Glasgow, 1854 went missing; loss of 480 lives.
|City of Halifax
||1871 feeder service Halifax to St John's, NF,
|City of Limerick
||ex- African, 1863 purchased from Dixon & Co renamed City
of Limerick, 1870 rebuilt to 2536 tons, 1880 sold to Thistle
|City of London
||1869 rebuilt to 2765 tons, 1878 sold to Thistle
|City of Manchester
||1854 Chartered to France as Crimean War Transport,
1857 Indian Mutiny military transport, 1871 sold and converted to barque.
|City of Montreal
||1887 burned at sea with cargo of cotton; no loss of life.
|City of New York (1)
||1864 wrecked near Queenstown; no loss of life.
|City of New York (2)
|| ex- Delaware, purchased on stocks, completed
as City of New York, 1883 sold to Allan
Line renamed Norwegian.
|City of New York (3)
||1893 transfered to American
Line renamed New York
|City of Paris (1)
||1870 rebuilt to 3500 tons, 1884
sold France renamed Tonquin.
|City of Paris (2)
||1893 transfered to American
Line renamed Paris.
|City of Philadelphia
||1854 wrecked near Cape Race on maiden
voyage; no loss of life.
|City of Pittsburgh
||owned by New York & San Francisco SS Co., but
wore Inman Line colours and Inman acted as agents, 1852 burnt out at Valparaiso.
|City of Richmond
||1891 sold to British owners.
|City of Rome
||1882 sold to Anchor
|City of Washington
||1855-1856 chartered to France as Crimean War Transport,
1873 wrecked near Cape Sable; no loss of life.
||1859 purchased from Glasgow & New
York SS Co., 1870 chartered to H. E. Bates & Co., 1872 sold to Telegraph
Construction & Maintenance Co, converted to cable ship.
from European & Australian Royal Mail, 1871 rebuilt to 2655 tons, renamed
City of Bristol, 1881 sold to Italy renamed Messico.
||1859 purchased from Glasgow & New York SS Co.,
1865 caught fire and sank at sea; no loss of life.
||1854 taken over from Australasian Pacific Mail
SS Co. as Crimean War transport, 1856 entered Inman service, 1870 chartered
to H. E. Bates & Co, 1876 sold to Telegraph Construction & Maintenance
Co, converted to cable ship.
||1889 chartered from American
Line for 13 voyages.
||1858 purchased from Cie.
France, 1861 sold to Lopez renamed Isla De Puerto Rico.
Rates as of Dec 6th 1850
Rates of Passage.-From Liverpool:-1st Cabin, 22 guineas; 2nd Cabin, 13 guineas. From
Philadelphia.-- 1st Cabin, 100 dollars; 2nd Cabin, 60 dollars.
These rates include provisions and steward's fee, but not wines or liquors, which can be had on
Rates of Freight.-From Liverpool--£4 per ton measurement. From Philadelphia.-According to
Passengers and shippers will find Philadelphia the most central port, possessing railway
communication in a few hours and at trifling expense to New York for the North; being also on
the main line from the North through Baltimore to Washington and the Southern States, and the
great central railway (now open to within 80 miles of Pittsburg[sic] on the Ohio) forms the
shortest and most direct route to the Western States. All goods sent to the agents in Philadelphia
will be forwarded with economy and despatch.
For further particulars apply in Philadelphia and New York to Richardson, Watson and Co.; in
Belfast, to Richardson, Brothers and Co.; in Glasgow to Patrick Henderson and Co., and in
Liverpool to Richardson, Brothers and Co., 12 and 13, Tower Buildings, Liverpool.
Pages 45-46 of The Atlantic Ferry, Maginnis, 1892.
Ad of 1854
The following add is taken from The Atlantic Ferry, A. Maginnis, 1892 (extracted from the Liverpool Albion of July 17, 1854).
|THE LIVERPOOL AND PHILADELPHIA STEAMSHIP COMPANY'S|
Favourite Iron Screw Steamships.
|City of Manchester||2125 tons||Capt. W. Wylie|
|City of Philadelphia (new)||2189 tons||Capt. R. Leitch|
|City of Baltimore (new)||2538 tons||Capt. R. Leitch|
|Are intended to sail as under:|
|City of Philadelphia||----||Wednesday, 26th July|
|City of Manchester||----||Wednesday, 6 Sept|
|City of Manchester||----||Saturday, 22nd July|
|City of Manchester||----||Saturday, 19th Aug|
|City of Manchester||----||Saturday, 30th Sept|
|Rates of Passage From Liverpool:|
|Cabin, in Two-berth State Rooms||21 guineas each Berth|
|Cabin, in Three-berth State Rooms||17 guineas each Berth|
|Cabin, in Forward State Rooms||15 guineas each Berth|
|Including Provisions and Steward's Fee; all having the same privileges and Messing together.|
A limited number of Passengers will be taken at 8 guineas, including as much Provisions as required; and these Passengers are hereby informed, that in order to satisfy the requirements of the Government Officers, the date filled into their contract ticket will be in every case the date of the day preceding the fixed day of sailing.
|These Steamers carry "Phillips's patent Fire Annihilators"|
An experienced Surgeon is attached to each Steamer.
Dogs charged £3 each.
Freight £4 per Ton, and Unmanufactured Goods, &c., will be taken subject to agreement, payable here or in Philadelphia, at $4.80c. per pound Steerling.
Apply in Philadelphia, to SAMUEL SMITH, 17, Walnut Street; in Belfast, to RICHARDSON BROTHERS and Co.; in Dublin, to CORNELIUS CARLETON; in London, to EDWARDS, SANFORD and Co., for Passengers, and PICKFORD and Co., for Goods; in Paris, to FRED. REDFERN, 8, Rue de la Paix; in Havre, to W. DAVIDSON; in Manchester, to GEO. STONIER; and in Liverpool, to
RICHARDSON BROTHERS AND CO.,
12 and 13, Tower Buildings
N.B.--When the arrangements are completed, and sufficient Goods offer, one of the above, or other Steam-vessels, will proceed to Baltimore, calling at Norfolk, Virginia, or other Ports on the Chesapeake, going or returning.
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