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The Fleets

Java China Japan Lijn 1902-1947 / Koninklijke Java China Paketvaart Lijnen 1947-1977, Amsterdam

In the Netherlands East Indies the spread of steam shipping gave rise to inter-insular mail services (pakketvaart). Like its counterparts in other European empires, the pakketvaart owed its prominence to government mail contracts. From 1850 to 1865 the colonial government contracted with several local shipping companies. From 1866 to 1890 the pakketvaart was operated by the Nederlandsch-Indische Stoomvaart Maatschappij (NISM), a subsidiary of the British India Steam Navigation Company. When after the opening of the Suez Canal two Dutch mail lines were established, the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN) in 1870 and the Rotterdamsche Lloyd (RL) in 1883 the foreign control over the pakketvaart network was no longer compatible with Dutch commercial interests. In 1888 the Dutch government pushed its ocean-going mail lines to establish a new corporation, the Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM).

Around 1900, the Dutch consul in Shanghai saw opportunities for a Dutch shipping company, to operate a line of steamships from Java to East Asia with a extension to North America, however, the Dutch Government did not allow the KPM to set up an extension to Japan and China because the mail contract with Dutch Government stated to provide shipping in the archipelago. In 1902 with the aid of the Dutch Government, three Dutch shipping companies ( Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland, SMN, Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij, KNSM and the Rotterdamsche Lloyd, RL) which had also close relations with the KPM started a new service from Java to China and Japan as the Java China Japan Line (JCJL) subsidised by the Dutch Government and three steamships with limited passengers accommodation were ordered. The first ship the Tjipanas (1) was ready to sail in August 1902. In 1907 the line to China and Japan was divided into two separate lines, one to China and the other to Japan which gave a better profit to the company. The Tjibodas (1) built in 1906 had accomodation for 2 first class, 18 second class, 84 third class passengers and 1584 steerage passengers. The JCJL specialized to transport coolies or steerage passengers from the Netherlands East Indies (NEI) to China. The Tjitaroem (1) opened in 1911 a new line; the Java Hong Kong Line.

When World War I started JCJL owned nine ships. Holland with its colonies became neutral in this conflict. In 1915 together with de SMN and RL the Java Pacific Line was founded to give a monthly service to the West coast of North America and was a great success during its first years. World War I did not alter much for the JCJL in the Far East only in 1918 the Tjikembang and Tjsondari (1) were temporarily seized by the US Government and the Tjibodas (1) and Tjitaroem by the British Government according to the Angaria right. There was not much of a competition because the German shipping companies were driven from the seas, only the Japanese shipping companies Nanyo Yusen Kaisha and Osaka Shosen Kaisha started a connection from Japan to North Sulaweshi (Celebes).

In 1920 the N.V. Vereenigde Nederlandsche Scheepvaartmaatschappij, was founded by Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN), Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij (KNSM), Java, China, Japan Lijn (JCJL), Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM), Holland America Line (HAL), Rotterdam Lloyd (RL), Van Nievelt, Goudriaan en Co’s. Stoomvaart Maatschappij (Nigoco) and N.V. Stoomvaart Maatschappij “De Maas” ( Van Ommeren) and the JCJL participated with capital and two ships in this new venture, but already in 1922 there was a depression in the freight market and the JCJL withdraw its two ships because of the sustained losses.Also in 1923 the Java Pacific Line was temporary stopped and reopened in 1927 but without the JCJL. The Wall Street crash of 1929 was the beginning of a big depression in the thirties and the JCJL was making losses, al lot of ships were sold for scrapping and some line services were dismissed, the fleet consisted in 1932 of 13 ships of 105,000gt.

After 1936 the freight- and passengers market was slowly booming again and in 1937 a new passenger freight motorship the Tjitalengka was ordered by the Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam and delivered in 1939. In 1939 a new passengership the Tjikini (2) was ordered but never delivered to the JCJL because World War II started in September 1939 and Holland was occupied by the Germans in May 1940. After Holland was occupied by the Germans on 10 May 1940 the Dutch colonies in the Far East were still free and several ships were chartered to the Ministry of War Transport. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941 Holland and his colonies declared war on Japan. To rebuilt the fleet the JCJL took over from the Dutch Government an Empire ship and two Victory ships from the American surplus fleet. Because of political uncertainties in Netherlands East Indies after World War II and Indonesia becoming independent in 1948 most ships of the KPM were used and transferred for services in the JCJL fleet.

On 10 December 1947 the prefix Koninklijke (Royal) was granted and the Koninklijke Java China Paketvaart Lijnen (KJCPL) or Royal Interocean Lines was born. The KPM ships Boissevain, Ruys and Tegelberg were used in 1948 in the Asia-Africa-South America Line and the Nieuw Holland was used on the Australia and New Zealand run. In 1948 a new building program started and two passengers ships the Tjiwangi and Tjiluwah and two cargo passengers ships Straat Makassar and Straat Banka were ordered. In 1965 it was clear that the KPM had lost it’s reason to exist after Indonesia gained its independence and the later political troubles with Holland about New Guinea, so in 1966 the decision was made to merge the KPM into the KJCPL on 1 January 1967 and also brought the daughter companies Hollandse Vrachtvaart Maatschappij (HVM) and Nederlandse Tank- en Paketvaart Maatschappij (NTPM) under the RIL flag and on 1 January 1967 the fleet consisted of 77 ships of 520,620gt. The passengers ships, Boissevain, Tjitjalengka, Ruys and Tegelberg were sold in 1968 and after this year only cargo ships were built for the company. The Mercury Shipping Company at Hong Kong was founded to place surplus ships under the flag of Liberia or Panama and so extended their economical life. Also a joint venture was started with the South African Marine Corporation named Safocean Pty and in 1974 to avoid flag discrimination the Jupiter Lines Pty a daughter company was started in Durban. The New Holland (ex Randfontein) was taken over from Nedlloyd but the Australian passengers or tourist market was too small and the ship was sold to China. The last passenger ship the Tjiwangi was sold in 1974 to Singapore.

In 1975 all the shipping lines were re-grouped and brought under the Nedlloyd banner and on 1 May 1977 the Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie was restyled as Koninklijke Nedlloyd Groep and the KJCPL or RIL lost its name and disappeared into history.

Many thanks to Henk Jungerius and Ted Finch for their assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

  • Routes:
    • Java-China Lijn
    • Java-Japan-Lijn
    • Java-Hong Kong Lijn
    • Asia-Africa-South America
    • Australia-South America-South Africa
    • East Asia-South Africa
    • China-West Africa-Australia-New Zealand
  • Abbreviations:
    • KRL :       Koninklijke Rotterdamsche Lloyd
    • VNS :       Vereenigde Nederlandsche Scheepvaartunie
    • JCJL :      Java China Java Lijn
    • KJCPL :   Koninklijke Java China Paketvaart Lijnen
    • KPM :      Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij
    • RIL :        Royal Interocean Lines = KJCPL
    • KNSM :   Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij
    • RL :          Rotterdamsche Lloyd
    • SMN :      Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland
    • HVN :       Hollandse Vrachtvaart Maatschappij
    • NTPM :    Nederlandse Tank- en Paketvaart Maatschappij
  • Note:
    • not all the ships of the KPM which went to the KJCPL after the merger are in this list, see KPM.

Funnel & Flag:

Fleet: 1907-1947 1947-1977
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Ampenan 1951 built by Rotterdamsche Droogdok Mij, Rotterdam | Built for the KRL, In 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd and later to KJCPL, 1971 sold to Hong Kong renamed Liberty Exporter,1973 sold to Panama renamed Ocean Rex, 1974 scrapped at Pusan. 9,947
Asian Ensign   see Straat Freetown.  
Asian Enterprise   see Straat Fremantle.  
Asian Explorer   see Straat Colombo.  
Boissevain 1937 built by Blohm & Voss A.G., Hamburg | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 14,271
Houtman 1954 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Houtman built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1972 sold to Maldives Shipping Co, Maldives renamed Maldive Unity, 1984 sold renamed Dynasty Male, 1984 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 4,116
Musi 1950 built by Rotterdamsche Droogdok Mij, Rotterdam | ex- Musi built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1974 sold to Heap Eng Moh S.S. Co., Singapore not renamed, 1976 sold renamed Tropic Fury, 1977 sold not renamed, 1980 sold to Panama renamed Sea Love I, 1981 sold renamed Chweesoon, 1982 sold renamed Hai Soon No 1, 1986 Ika May. 987
Nieuw Holland ( 1) 1928 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1959 scrapped at Hong Kong. 11,404
Nieuw Holland (2) 1958 built by Wilton Fijenoord, Schiedam | Built for the VNS as Randfontein, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1971 rebuilt and transferred to KJCPL renamed Nieuw Holland, 1974 sold to China Ocean Shipping Company, China renamed Yu Hua,1981 renamed Hai Xing, 1991 laid up, 1996 scrapped. 13,567
Ruys 1938 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 14,281
Sabang 1950 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Sabang built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold to Panama renamed Eastern Luck, 1970 sold renamed Sea Luck, 1972 sold renamed Eastern Union, 1976 sold not renamed, 1979 sold renamed Sea Glory, 1981 sold renamed Birba, 1981 stranded and 1982 scrapped at Chittagong. 1,874
Sambas 1950 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | ex- Sambas built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold renamed Eastern Unity, 1970 sold renamed Sea Unity, 1972 sold renamed Eastern Fortune, 1979 sold renamed Joo Heng, 1984 sold not renamed, 1984 sold renamed Heng Heng, 1987 scrapped. 1,874
Sanana 1950 built by Gebr. Pot, Bolnes | ex- Sanana built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Bintang, 1983 scrapped at Singapore. 1,874
Siaoe 1949 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Siaoe built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1969 sold to Tunas, Hong Kong renamed Sumber Tunas I, 1982 scrapped at Chittagong. 2,194
Sibigo 1950 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Sibigo built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Machan, 1981 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 2,185
Sigli 1949 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Sigli built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Eagle, 1982 scrapped at Karachi. 2,179
Silindoeng 1949 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Silindoeng built for KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 sold Tunas, Hong Kong renamed Sumber Tunas, 1973 sold to Indonesia not renamed, no further trace. 2,179
Straat Accra 1968 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | 1970 transferred to Capricorn Lines Pty, Durban renamed Safocean Albany, 1980 transferred to Nedlloy,1984 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Panama renamed, Arrow King, 1990 scrapped at Chittagong. 10,483
Straat Adelaide 1968 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | Ordered by the KPM, 1968 transferred to KJCPL, 1970 transferred to Zodiac Shipping renamed Safocean Adelaide, 1976 transferred to Taurus Shipping Co. renamed Straat Adelaide Co.,1977 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Adelaide, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,484
Straat Agulhas 1969 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Agulhas, 1980 sold to Panama renamed Victoria I,1984 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Panama renamed Arrow Queen,1985 renamed Acacia,1991 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 10,483
Straat Algoa 1969 built by Verolme, Alblasserdam | Built for the KPM, 1969 KJCPL, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 Nedlloyd Algoa, 1980 sold to Argentina renamed Aconcagua,1990 sold to Malta renamed Concagua,1990 scrapped at Chittagong. 10,484
Straat Amsterdam 1968 built by Verolme Scheepswerf, Alblasserdam | 1970 transferred to Zodiac Shipping renamed Safocean Amsterdam, 1972 transferred to Taurus Shipping Co. not renamed, 1976 renamed Straat Amsterdam, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Amsterdam, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,484
Straat Auckland 1968 built by Verolme, Alblasserdam | Ordered by the KPM,, 1968 transferred to KJCPL, 1970 transferred to Capricorn Lines Pty, Durban renamed Safocean Auckland, 1980 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Auckland, 1984 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Panama renamed Arrow Prince, 1985 renamed Acacia,1985 renamed Arrow Prince,1991 scrapped at Chittagong. 10,848
Straat Bali 1954 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Monrovia renamed Mercury Bay,1981 sold to Saudi Arabia renamed Saudi Sun, 1981 sold to Middle East Nav. Line, Jeddah renamed Saudi Luck, 1984 laid up at Calcutta, 1986 scrapped at Calcutta. 8,079
Straat Banka 1952 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1971 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Monrovia renamed Mercury Lake,1978 scrapped at Shanghai. 9,138
Straat Chatham 1962 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Merwede, Hardinxveld Giessendam | 1971 lengthened 8,855gt, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd,1978 renamed Nedlloyd Chatham, 1980 sold to Sofrana Unilines, Noumea renamed Capitane La Perouse,1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 7,544
Straat Clarence 1959 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1971 lengthened 8,859gt, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Clarence, 1979 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Chempaka, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 7,454
Straat Clement 1959 built by Flensburger Schiffsbau Gesellschaft, Flensburg | 1971 lengthened 8,862gt, 1973 renamed Asian Express on charter, 1974 renamed Straat Clement, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Clement, 1979 sold to Sofrana Fidji Express Lines, Noumea renamed Capitane Cook,1984 scrapped at Dalian. 7,328
Straat Colombo 1962 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1971 lengthened 8,826gt, 1973 renamed Asian Explorer on charter, 1977 renamed Straat Colombo, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Colombo, 1980 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Panama renamed Mercury Lake, 1984 scrapped at Huangpu. 7,553
Straat Cook 1956 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | 1974 sold to Jupiter Lines, Durban renamed Jupiter Sun,1976 sold to Greece renamed Syneboria, 1983 scrapped at Lefkas. 5,234
Straat Cumberland 1960 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Merwede, Hardinxveld Giessendam | 1970 lengthened 8,855gt, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Cumberland, 1979 sold to Saudi Maritime Transport Co., Jeddah renamed Saudi Enterprise,1984 scrapped at Shanghai. 7,544
Straat Fiji 1966 built by Hitachi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Osaka | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Fiji, 1980 sold to Char Ching Marine Co., Panama renamed Char Hui, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,401
Straat Florida 1966 built by Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimizu | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Florida, 1980 sold to Char Ching Marine Co., Panama renamed Char Kuo, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,159
Straat Forcades 1962 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | ex- Servaaskerk built for the VNS, 1970 lengthened with a container hold 9,831gt, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd,1973 transferred to KJCPL renamed Straat Forcades, 1977 reverted to Nedlloyd,1978 renamed Nedlloyd Forcades, 1983 sold to Premier Shipping Nav., Panama renamed New Horse ,1985 scrapped at Zhongshan. 9,831
Straat Franklin 1963 built by Verolme, Alblasserdam | Built for the KPM, 1972 lengthened 10,893gt, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Franklin, 1983 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Wirawan, 1987 scrapped at Alang. 8,367
Straat Frazer 1963 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | Built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1972 lengthened 10,794gt, 1973 renamed Asian Endeavour on charter, 1975 renamed Straat Frazer, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Frazer, 1983 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Wangsa, 1988 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,294
Straat Freetown 1963 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1972 lengthened 10,834gt, 1973 renamed Asian Ensign on charter, 1975 renamed Straat Freetown, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Freetown, 1983 sold to Pacific Asia, Colombo renamed Kota Wijaya, 1988 scrapped at Shanghai. 9,317
Straat Fremantle 1964 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1972 lengthened 10,909gt, 1973 renamed Asian Enterprise on charter, 1975 renamed Straat Fremantle, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 renamed Nedlloyd Fremantle, 1983 sold to Panama renamed New Bear, 1987 scrapped. 9,380
Straat Fresco 1961 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | ex- Schiekerk built for the VNS, 1970 lengthened with a container hold 9,830gt, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd,1973 transferred to KJCPL renamed Straat Fresco,1977 reverted to Nedlloyd,1978 renamed Nedlloyd Fresco, 1983 sold to Pacific Asia, Colombo renamed Kota Wisata,1986 scrapped at Xingang. 9,830
Straat Fukuoka 1961 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | ex- Sloterkerk built for the VNS, 1970 lengthened with a containerhold 9,811gt, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1973 transferred to KJCPL renamed Straat Fukuoka, 1977 reverted to Nedlloyd,1977 renamed Nedlloyd Fukuoka, 1984 scrapped at Kaoshiung. 9,811
Straat Fushimi 1965 built by Hitachi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Osaka | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Fushimi, 1980 sold to Char Ching Marine Co., Panama renamed Char Tah, 1983 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,401
Straat Futami 1965 built by Hitachi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Osaka | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Futami, 1980 sold to Char Ching Marine Co., Panama renamed Char Mou,1984 scrapped Kaohsiung. 9,357
Straat Hobart 1968 built by Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimizu | Ordered by the KPM as Straat Hoorn but completed as Straat Hobart for KJCPL, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd,1977 renamed Nedlloyd Hobart, 1983 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,217
Straat Holland 1967 built by Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimizu | Built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Holland, 1983 sold to Saudi Europe Line, Sharjah renamed Saudi Al Jubail, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,217
Straat Hongkong 1967 built by Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimizu | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Hongkong, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,184
Straat Honshu 1968 built by Nippon Kokan Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimizu | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Honshu, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 10,217
Straat Johore 1957 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 sold to Liberia renamed Mimosa Trader, 1983 laid up, 1985 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 5,446
Straat Kobe 1964 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | ex- Koudekerk built for the VNS, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd,1971 transferred to KJCPL renamed Straat Kobe, 1977 reverted to Nedlloyd,1977 renamed Nedlloyd Kobe, 1983 sold to sold to Al Riyadh Nav. Co. renamed Saudi Al Qaseem, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,891
Straat Korea 1963 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | ex- Kloosterkerk built for the VNS, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd niet,1971 transferred to KJCPL renamed Straat Korea, 1977 reverted to Nedlloyd niet,1977 Nedlloyd Korea, 1983 sold to Al Riyadh Nav. Co. renamed Saudi Yenbo, 1984 scrapped Kaohsiung. 9,891
Straat Lagos 1958 built by Bijker's Aannemingsbedrijf N.V. IJsselwerf, Gorinchem | ex- Van der Hagen built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL lengthened 8,588gt, 1967 renamed Straat Lagos, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 sold to Greece renamed Chai Trader,1984 scrapped in Taiwan. 5,924
Straat Le Maire 1958 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Merwede, Hardinxveld Giessendam | ex- Van Heemskerck built for the KPM, 1966 lengthened 6,828gt and renamed Straat Le Maire, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1976 sold to Compania Naviera Americana de Vapores, Panama renamed Bayano, 1980 sold renamed Tribute Five, 1980 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 5,921
Straat Lombok 1957 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | Built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1975 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Melati, 1983 scrapped at Shanghai. 5,224
Straat Luanda 1958 built by Werf Gusto v/h A.F. Smulders, Schiedam | ex- Van Linschoten built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL lengthened 8,588gt renamed Straat Luanda, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Ratu,1984 scrapped at Nantong Gong. 5,921
Straat Luzon 1958 built by Werf Gusto v/h A.F. Smulders, Schiedam | ex- Van Spilbergen built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL lengthened 8,588gt renamed Straat Luzon, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Raja,1983 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 5,921
Straat Madura 1956 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Merwede, Hardinxveld Giessendam | Built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1974 transferred to Jupiter Lines, South Africa renamed Jupiter Moon, 1976 sold to Greece renamed Synaftilia, 1979 scrapped at Valencia. 5,234
Straat Magelhaen 1958 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 sold to Panama renamed Ocean Diamond,1983 scrapped Kaohsiung. 7,047
Straat Makassar 1951 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1956 renamed Tjinegara, 1971 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Monrovia renamed Mercury Bay,1977 sold to Singapore renamed United Ensign, 1979 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 9,067
Straat Malakka 1939 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1967 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Timur, 1973 scrapped in Shanghai. 8,315
Straat Mozambique 1954 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | 1977 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Monrovia renamed Mercury Gulf, 1981 sold to Saudi Sunrise Shipping, Jeddah renamed Saudi Sunrise, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 8,072
Straat Nagasaki 1972 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Nagasaki, 1991 sold to Thong Soon, Singapore renamed Equator Ruby. 12,123
Straat Nagoya 1971 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Nagoya, 1987 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 12,123
Straat Napier 1972 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 renamed Nedlloyd Napier, 1991 sold to Thong Soon, Singapore renamed Sin Loong, 1998 sold renamed Sin Ho, 1999 scrapped at Singapore. 12,123
Straat Nassau 1972 built by Van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 renamed Nedlloyd Nassau, 1991 sold to Thong Soon, Singapore renamed Equator Star. 12,123
Straat Rio 1960 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd renamed Nedlloyd Rio, 1979 sold to Singapore renamed New Swan,1984 scrapped at Nantong. 9,216
Straat Singapore 1957 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Merwede, Hardinxveld Giessendam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1979 sold to Fingall Shipping, Panama renamed Jal Sea Fortune, 1980 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 5,446
Straat Soenda 1939 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1967 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Selatan, 1971 grounded at Pembla Island and foundered. 8,315
Straat Talbot 1967 built by Mitsubishi Zosen K.K., Shimonoseki | ex- Ocean Prima, 1970 purchased renamed Straat Talbot, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1977 renamed Nedlloyd Talbot, 1982 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Mutiara,1991 scrapped at Alang. 9,302
Straat Tanga 1948 built by Wilton Fijenoord, Schiedam | ex- Garoet built for the KRL, 1971 purchased from Nedlloyd renamed Straat Tanga,1972 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,823
Straat Tauranga 1967 built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Shimonoseki | ex- Ocean Unity, ex- Pipat Samut 1967, 1970 purchased renamed Straat Tauranga, 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd, 1978 renamed Nedlloyd Tauranga, 1982 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Mulia,1990 scrapped at Alang scrapped. 9,302
Straat Torres 1956 built by Werf Gusto v/h A.F. Smulders, Schiedam | 1975 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore, renamed Kota Mawar, 1983 scrapped at Alang. 5,240
Straat Towa 1957 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | ex- Towa built for Maatschappij Vrachtvaart, 1966 purchased renamed Straat Towa, 1977 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Maha, 1983 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 6,854
Straat van Diemen 1959 built by Mach. Fabr. & Scheepswerf P. Smit Jr., Rotterdam | 1977 transferred to Nedlloyd 1977 renamed Nedlloyd Van Diemen, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Win Ton,1979 sold to Lian Chiau Nav. Co., Panama renamed Win Dove, 1979 renamed New Dove,1985 scrapped at Xingang. 9,607
Tasman 1922 built by Earle's Shipbuilding & Engineering Company Ltd., Hull | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1955 reverted to KPM, 1958 scrapped at Hong Kong. 5,172
Tegelberg 1938 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1968 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 14,281
Tjibadak 1929 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1959 scrapped at Hongkong. 7,906
Tjibantjet 1952 built by Bartram & Sons Ltd., Sunderland | 1972 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Monrovia renamed Mercury River, 1973 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 8,249
Tjibesar 1922 built by Lithgows Ltd., Port Glasgow | Laid down as Amersfoort for KNSM but completed as Tjibesar for JCJL, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1952 sold to Compania Globo de Nav., Panama renamed Ceres,1959 scrapped at Osaka. 10,854
Tjibodas (1) 1906 built by Maatschappij Fijenoord, Rotterdam | 1931 scrapped at Osaka. 4,660
Tjibodas (2) 1945 built by Bethlehem Fairfield Shipyard Inc., Baltimore | ex- Kokomo Victory type VC2-S-AP2 built for United States War Shipping Administration, 1947 purchased by Dutch Government renamed Thibodas (JCJL manager), 1947 purchased,1969 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 7,660
Tjikampek (1) 1913 built by Wm Gray & Co. Ltd, West Hartlepool | ex- Batjan, 1927 purchased from Stoomvaart Mij. Nederland renamed Tjikampek, 1932 scrapped at Osaka. 6,360
Tjikampek (2) 1945 built by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond | ex- Berry Victory type VC2-S-AP2 built for United States War Shipping Administration, 1946 purchased by Dutch Government renamed Tjikampek (JCJL manager), 1946 purchased, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1970 scrapped at Hong Kong. 7,641
Tjikandi 1921 built by Duncan & Co. Ltd., Port Glasgow | 1942 scuttled by own crew at Soerabaja, wreck removed and scrapped after the war. 7,979
Tjikarang 1922 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1942 scuttled by own crew at Soerabaja. 9,505
Tjikembang 1914 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | 1939 scrapped at Hendrik Ido Ambacht. 8,013
Tjikini (1) 1907 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | 1931 scrapped at Osaka. 4,597
Tjikini (2) 1942 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1942 seized by Germans renamed Franz Pistorius, 1944 sunk as a block ship between the piers of IJmuiden,1945 blown up and in 1967 last parts of wreck removed. 7,200
Tjilatjap 1903 built by Raylton,Dixon & Co., Middlesborough | 1926 sold to S.A. Marittima Commerciale Brindisina, Brindisi renamed Salento, 1928 near Bloemmendaal sunk in heavy storm. 3,860
Tjileboet 1918 built by Maatschappij Fijenoord, Rotterdam | 1927 stranded on the Island Ling Tin, salvaged and new forepart added, 1928 back in service, 1942 torpedoed by German submarine U161 west off Freetown and later torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine. 5,760
Tjiliwong (1) 1905 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1932 scrapped at Osaka. 4,809
Tjiliwong (2) 1959 built by Scheepswerf De Waal, Zaltbommel | Ordered as Palima later Tjipalima for KPM, completed for KJCPL renamed Tjiliwong, 1972 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Hong Kong renamed Mercury Gulf, 1975 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Ratna, 1984 sold to Navy of Sri Lanka renamed Lanka A 525, 1988 scrapped. 3,674
Tjiluwah 1951 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | 1963 rebuilt white hull 8,978gt, 1972 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Singapura,1979 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 9,849
Tjimahi 1903 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1915 stranded and lost southeast of Hainan. 3,878
Tjimanoek 1911 built by Maatschappij Fijenoord, Rotterdam | 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1948 scrapped at Gent. 5,628
Tjimanuk 1959 built by Bijker's Aannemingsbedrijf N.V. IJsselwerf, Gorinchem | Ordered as Palehleh later Tjipalehleh for KPM, transferred to KJCPL renamed Tjimanuk, 1972 sold to Mercury Shipping Co., Hong Kong renamed Mercury Cove, 1975 sold to aan Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Rukun, 1984 sold to Navy of Sri Lanka renamed Kanthi A 526, 1988 scrapped. 3,674
Tjimenteng (1) 1913 built by Wm Gray & Co. Ltd, West Hartlepool | ex- Boeton, 1927 purchased from Stoomvaart Mij. Nederland renamed Tjimenteng, 1932 sold for scrapping but resold to an Eastern Fishing Trust, Vastokrybo renamed Postyshev, 1933 foundered at Horomushiro Island. 6,403
Tjimenteng (2) 1942 built by Harland & Wolff Ltd, Belfast | ex- Empire Sydney built for Ministry of War Transport,1943 purchased by Dutch Government renamed Van der Helst (JCJL manager), 1946 purchased renamed Tjimenteng, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1963 sold to Greece renamed Diamandis, 1970 scrapped at Cartagena. 6,904
Tjinegara (1) 1931 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1942 rebuilt into a troop transport ship, 1942 torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I I.69 east of Rockhampton. 9,227
Tjinegara (2)   see Straat Makassar.  
Tjipanas (1) 1903 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1932 sold and scrapped at Kobe. 3,815
Tjipanas (2) 1939 built by Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company, Chester | ex- Mormacdove built for Moore McCormack Lines, ex- Alchiba 1941, 1948 purchased by Dutch Government renamed Tjipanas and allocated to KJCPL, 1967 sold to Singapore renamed Tong Jit,1973 scrapped at Whampoa. 6,343
Tjipondok (1) 1914 built by Wm Gray & Co. Ltd, West Hartlepool | ex- Banka, 1927 purchased from Stoomvaart Mij. Nederland renamed Tjipondok, 1934 scrapped at Kobe. 6,665
Tjipondok (2) 1945 built by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond | ex- Hillsdale Victory type VC2-S-AP2 built for United States War Shipping Administration, 1946 purchased by Dutch Government renamed Tjipondok (JCJL manager), 1947 purchased, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1971 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 7,646
Tjisadane 1931 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1942 rebuilt into a troop transport ship, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1962 scrapped at Kure. 9,284
Tjisalak 1917 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1944 south off Colombo torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I 8 with the loss of 98 lives. 5,787
Tjisaroea 1926 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | Laid down as Tjikalong but renamed Tjisaroea before completion, 1942 captured by Japanese destroyer Arashio, seized renamed Chihaya Maru, 1943 torpedoed and sunk by American submarine Seahorse. 7,089
Tjisondari (1) 1915 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | 1939 sold and scrapped at Hendrik Ido Ambacht. 8,039
Tjisondari (2) 1926 built by J.L. Thompson & Sons, Sunderland | ex- Silverash built for the Silver Line, 1955 purchased renamed Tjisondari, 1957 scrapped at Hongkong. 5,441
Tjitaroem 1910 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1931 scrapped at Osaka. 5,775
Tjitarum 1959 built by Scheepswerf & Machinefabriek De Biesbosch, Dordrecht | Ordered as Palopo later Tjipalopo for KPM 1959 transferred to KJCPL renamed Tjitarum, 1970, 1975 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Ria, 1984 sold to Navy of Sri Lanka renamed Mahaweli A524, 1988 scrapped. 3,674
Tjitjalengka 1939 built by Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam | 1942 rebuilt into a hospital ship, 1947 JCJL restyled in KJCPL, 1968 scrapped at Hong Kong. 10,972
Tjiwangi 1950 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | 1963 rebuilt white hull 8,999gt, 1973 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Bali,1982 sold to Malaysia not renamed,1984 scrapped at Shanghai. 9,846
Van Cloon 1955 built by Bijker's Aannemingsbedrijf N.V. IJsselwerf, Gorinchem | ex- Van Cloon built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1969 sold to Eastern Union Enterprises & Shipping Co., Panama renamed Eastern Prosperity, 1982 sold renamed Meng Horng, 1984 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 2,843
Van Heutsz 1926 built by Kon. Mij. De Schelde, Vlissingen | Built for the KPM, 1948 transferred to KJCPL, 1957 reverted to KPM renamed Barentsz, 1959 scrapped. 4,646
Van Neck 1955 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | ex- Van Neck built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1969 sold Tunas, Hong Kong renamed Amrita, 1972 renamed Annita, 1976 sold to Panama renamed Hintha, 1979 sold to Singapore renamed Yellow River II, 1981 sold renamed Winnow, 1982 foundered. 2,844
Van Noort 1955 built by Boele's Scheepswerven & Machinefabriek, Bolnes | ex- Van Noort built for the KPM, 1967 transferred to KJCPL, 1969 sold to Tunas, Hong Kong renamed Handara, 1984 scrapped at Shanghai. 2,845
Wonogiri 1953 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | Built for the KRL, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd and later KJCPL,1976 sold to Pacific International Lines, Singapore renamed Kota Megah,1981 scrapped at Gadani Beach. 7,569
Wonorato 1954 built by Howaldtswerke A.G., Hamburg | Built for the KRL, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd and later KJCPL,1976 damaged by fire and sold to Greece renamed Stella C, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Arabian Sea, 1981 scrapped at Kaohsiung. 7,512
Wonosari 1952 built by Howaldtswerke A.G., Hamburg | Built for the KRL, 1970 transferred Nedlloyd and later to KJCPL,1977 sold to Singapore renamed Lucille,1980 damaged in Iraq-Iran war, 1982 declared total loss. 7,583
Wonosobo 1955 built by C. van der Giessen & Zonen, Krimpen aan den IJssel | Built for the KRL, 1970 transferred to Nedlloyd and later KJCPL,1977 sold to Saudi Arabia renamed Al Damman,1983 sold renamed Saudi Prince, 1983 sold for scrapping, resold and scrapped at Bombay in 1984. 7,502

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