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The Fleets

Leyland Line

Frederick Leyland was a partner in the firm of Bibby Bros and started up his own company in 1873 when 21 of Bibby Bros ships were transferred to the new company. Services to Boston started in 1876. With the death of Frederick Leyland in 1892, a new company Frederick Leyland & Co Ltd was formed and began a close association between Leyland and Furness Lines. Passenger services began in 1895, and in 1896 the founding of Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line took place to run North Atlantic services. In 1899 the West India & Pacific SS Co was taken over and ran a service from the UK to Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico ports. A Liverpool to New York service was inaugurated in 1901 and joint services to the Mediterranean were operated with G.Papayanni, Liverpool. In 1902 the company came under the control of International Mercantile Marine Co which also took over American Line, Atlantic Transport, Dominion, Red Star and White Star Lines. A rationalisation of services followed this take over and Leyland withdrew from the Mediterranean and transferred many ships to Ellerman Lines, and later withdrew from the New York service. The years following WWI saw many transfers between IMMC group companies and in 1927 Leyland's two remaining passenger ships went to Red Star Line. The economic depression of the 1930s caused the sale of many ships, and by 1935 Leyland's last ship was sold and the company ceased to exist.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1873-1902 Liverpool - Mediterranean.
  • 1875-1934 Liverpool - Boston - Philadelphia and Liverpool - Portland, Maine.
  • 1893-1914 Liverpool - Boston
  • 1900-1934 Liverpool / London - Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.
  • 1901-1903 Liverpool - New York.

Funnel:
Pink, black top

Fleet:

Vessel
Built
Years in Service Tons
Albanian (1)
1870
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1877 sunk in collision off Welsh coast. 1,417
Albanian (2)
1898
1921 sold to Hull Beacon SS Co. 2,930
Alexandrian
1901
1927 scrapped. 4,467
Algerian
1876
Mediterranean service, no later info. 1,757
Almerian
1897
1918 mined and sunk off Sicily. 2,984
Alsatian
1877
1901 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 1,765
American
1895
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1904 sold to White Star Line, renamed Cufic. 8,196
Anatolian
1877
1880 wrecked in River Mersey. 1,763
Andalusian
1877
1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 1,774
Anglian
1896
1900 transferred from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1917 torpedoed and sunk in English Channel. 5,532
Antillian
1898
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1930 scrapped at Barrow. 5,613
Arabian
1866
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1902 scrapped. 2,066
Armenian
1895
1903 chartered to White Star Line then became cargo ship, 1915 torpedoed and sunk in English Channel. 8,825
Asian   see Colombian  
Assyrian (1)
1875
Mediterranean service, 1878 wrecked Greece. 1,617
Assyrian (2)
1898
1908 sold. 2,890
Athenian (1)
1854
1873 purchased from Elder Dempster & Co., 1874 sold to H. Ellis, London, renamed Caroline. 1,094
Athenian (2)
1875
Mediterranean service, no later info. 1,619
Atlantian (1)
1899
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Eagle's Rock. 9,355
Atlantian (2)
1928
1933 sold to T.& J.Harrison, Liverpool. 6,549
Barbadian (1)
1893
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1913 sold to Italy renamed Tirreno. 4,501
Bavarian
1869
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1892 sold to J. Glynn & Son, Liverpool. 3,111
Belgian (1)
1855
1873 purchased from Elder Dempster & Co. No further info. 1,989
Belgian (2)
1900
1917 torpedoed and scrapped. 3,657
Bernard Hall
1880
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1903 scrapped Holland. 2,678
Bohemian (1)
1870
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1881 wrecked near Crookhaven, Ireland; loss of 33 lives. 3,113
Bohemian (2)
1900
1903 wrecked at Sambro, NS. 8,548
Bostonian (1)
1888
1896 transferred to Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1913 scrapped. 4,668
Bostonian (4)   see Rimouski  
Bulgarian
1870
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1892 sold to J. Glynn & Son, Liverpool. 3,112
Cairo
1857
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1874 sold and became sailing ship Cairo. 1,465
Caledonian
1900
1930 scrapped. 4,986
Californian
1902
(of TITANIC fame!) 1915 torpedoed and sunk off Cape Matapan. 6,223
Cambrian
1896
1901 transferred from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Start Point. 5,626
Cameronian
1914
ex- Kamerun Hamburg America Line, captured by Royal Navy in 1915, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Alexandria; loss of 63 lives. 5,861
Canada
1896
1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1926 scrapped. 9,684
Canadian
1900
1917 torpedoed and sunk off Fastnet. 9,301
Castilian
1862
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1902 scrapped. 635
Cestrian
1896
1917 torpedoed and sunk in Aegean Sea. 8,823
Colonian (1)
1901
1917 wrecked on Scilly Isles. 6,440
Colonian (2)
1892
ex- Bovic 1922 transferred from White Star Line, renamed Colonian, 1928 scrapped. 6,583
Columbian (1)
1890
1897 chartered to Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1914 destroyed by fire 150 miles south of Sable Island; loss of 18 lives. 5,088
Colombian (2)
1898
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, renamed Asian, 1924 wrecked on Irish coast. 5,613
Cornishman
1891
ex- Nomadic White Star Line, 1904 renamed Cornishman, 1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1926 scrapped. 5,749
Costa Rican
1885
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1905 scrapped at Perth Amboy, N.J. after sranding damage at Jamaica. 3,179
Crimean
1859
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, sold and became sailing ship Fritz Reuter. 1,492
Cuban
1891
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1913 Sold to Italy renamed Generale Salsa. 4,201
Cyprian
1874
1881 foundered in storm. 1,433
Cyrenian
1874
1887 sold to E.L. Thomas, Liverpool, renamed Algeria. 1,432
Dakarian
1921
1933 sold to T.& J.Harrison, Liverpool. 6,426
Dakotian
1922
1934 sold to Donaldson Line. 6,426
Danube
1856
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1874 sold and became sailing ship Charles Dickens. 1,386
Darian
1922
1933 sold to T.& J.Harrison, Liverpool. 6,434
Darien
1888
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1907 wrecked near Barranquilla. 3,299
Davisian
1922
1933 sold to T.& J. Harrison, Liverpool. 6.433
Daytonian
1922
1933 sold to T.& J.Harrison, Liverpool. 6,434
Delilian
1923
1933 sold to T.& J. Harrison, Liverpool. 6,423
Devonian (1)
1900
1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland; loss of 2 lives. 10,418
Devonian (2)   see Hanoverian  
Dominion
1894
1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1922 scrapped. 6,976
Dorelian
1923
1933 sold to T.& J. Harrison, Liverpool. 6,431
Douro (1)
1864
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, renamed Alcira, later renamed Camilla, sold to Greece, renamed Cephalonia. 556
Douro (2)
1880
Mediterranean service, 1888 sank. 728
Douro (3)
1900
Mediterranean service, 1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 1,028
Egyptian
1861
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1902 scrapped. 2,086
Etonian
1898
ex- Chicago 1901 transferred from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Kinsale, Ireland. 6,438
European
1895
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1904 sold to White Star Line, renamed Tropic (2) 8,262
Fabian
1881
Mediterranean service, no later info. 2,248
Falernian
1880
Mediterranean service, 1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 2,252
Favonian
1881
Mediterranean service, 1900 wrecked. 2,247
Flaminian
1880
Mediterranean service, 1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 2,131
Flavian
1880
Mediterranean service, 1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 2,139
Floridian (1)
1884
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1908 scrapped Preston. 3,257
Floridian (2)
1913
1917 torpedoed and sunk west of Fastnet. 4,777
Georgian
1890
1896 transferred to Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1900-1902 chartered back to Leyland Line, 1914 reverted to Leyland Line, 1917 torpedoed and sunk near Crete. 5,088
Hanoverian
1902
1903 transferred to Dominion Line renamed Mayflower, 1903 transferred to White Star Line, renamed Cretic, 1923 transferred back to Leyland Line, renamed Devonian (2), 1929 scrapped. 13,518
Huronian
1915
1932 scrapped. 8,755
Iberian (1)
1867
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1885 wrecked on Irish Coast, no lives lost. 2,890
Iberian (2)
1900
1915 shelled and sunk by German submarine off Fastnet. 5,223
Illyrian
1867
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1884 wrecked on Cape Clear, Ireland with no lives lost. 2,931
Indian
1900
1923 scrapped. 9,121
Irishman
1899
1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1924 scrapped. 9,540
Istrian
1867
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1894 sold to Furness Withy. 2,930
Jamaican
1893
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1914 scrapped. 4,500
Kingstonian
1901
1918 torpedoed and sunk off Sardinia. 6,564
Lancastrian
1891
1921 sold to Canada. 5,120
Lesbian
1874
1901 scrapped. 1,559
Leysian
1906
ex- Serak, Deutsche Kosmos Line, 1916 seized by Britain, renamed Leysian, 1917 wrecked near Stumble Head Lighthouse. 4,703
Ligurian
1874
1894 sold to Spain renamed Jacinta. 1,561
Lisbon
1874
Mediterranean service - no further info. 664
Londonian
1896
ex- Idaho 1898 transferred from Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1898 capsized and sank in N. Atlantic; loss of 17 lives. 8,823
Louisianian
1891
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1913 sold to Italy renamed Vittorio. 3,642
Median
1908
1933 scrapped. 6,296
Meltonian
1909
1933 scrapped. 6,306
Memphian
1908
1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland. 6,305
Mercian
1908
1933 scrapped. 6,305
Mexican
1891
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co,. 1913 Sold to Italy renamed Messicana. 4,200
Minho
1890
Mediterranean service, 1902 transferred to Ellerman Lines. 835
Montcalm
1897
ex- Canadian Pacific, 1916 operated by Leyland for the Admiralty, 1917 sold to Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co, renamed Crenella. 7,082
Naperian
1914
1933 scrapped. 6,410
Nessian
1912
Caribbean service, 1933 scrapped. 6,276
Nestorian
1912
Caribbean service, 1917 wrecked off Cape Clear Island. 6,395
Nicaraguan
1891
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1907 went missing on voyage Norfolk, Va. to Dublin. 3,642
Nicosian
1912
renamed Nevisian for security reasons during WWI, 1933 scrapped. 6,369
Ninian
1912
1933 scrapped. 6,385
Nitonian
1912
1933 scrapped. 6,381
Nortonian
1913
Boston service, 1934 sold to Donaldson Line. 6,387
Norwegian (1)
1913
Boston service, 1917 torpedoed off Ireland, beached but total loss. 6,327
Norwegian (2)
1921
1921 - 1934 sold to Donaldson Line. 6,357
Novian
1914
1933 scrapped. 6,368
Nubian
1912
Boston service, 1934 sold to Donaldson Line. 6,384
Oporto (1)
1870
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1902 sunk in collision, raised and scrapped. 565
Oporto (2)
1888
no further details. 739
Oranian
1914
1934 sold to Greece, renamed Tamesis. 3,942
Orubian
1914
1917 torpedoed and sunk NW of Eagle Island. 3,876
Oxonian
1898
ex- Pinemore 1902 purchased from Johnston Line, renamed Oxonian 1928 scrapped. 6,306
Parisian
1899
ex- Bethania Hamburg America Line, 1916 captured and renamed Parisian, 1918 sold to Dollar SS Co, USA, renamed Esther Dollar. 7,548
Persian
1863
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1902 scrapped. 2,137
Philadelphian (1)
1891
1918 torpedoed and sunk in English Channel. 5,120
Philadelphian (2)
1920
1933 scrapped. 6,586
Rhone
1856
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1874 went missing. 1,387
Rimouski
1918
1927 owned by Dominion Line but operated by Leyland, 1927 transferred from Dominion Line ownership, renamed Bostonian (4), 1932 scrapped. 8,950
Russian   see Victorian  
Scotian
1903
1907 sold to Hamburg America Line, renamed President Lincoln. 18,074
Scythian
1913
1930 scrapped. 4,865
Servian
1903
1907 sold to Hamburg America Line, renamed President Grant. 18,072
Sicilian
1859
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1880 sold to Elder Dempster & Co, renamed Mayumba. 1,492
Sylvanian
1914
1917 torpedoed and sunk off Ireland. 4,858
Tagus
1898
Mediterranean service, no further info. 937
Tampican
1889
ex- Runic White Star Line, 1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1912 sold to South Pacific Whaling Co, Oslo, renamed IMO (this was the ship which collided with the Mount Blanc causing the Halifax explosion in 1917) 4,833
Texan
1883
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1909 scrapped Genoa. 3,257
Turcoman
1892
1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1926 scrapped. 5,829
Venetian (1)
1859
1873 purchased from Bibby Bros, 1880 sold to Elder Dempster & Co, later renamed Tarapaca. 1,562
Venetian (2)
1882
1895 wrecked near Boston, Mass. with no lives lost. 4,055
Victorian
1895
1903 chartered to White Star Line then became cargo ship, 1914 renamed Russian, 1916 torpedoed and sunk near Malta. 8,825
Virginian
1881
1897 chartered in to Wilson's & Furness-Leyland Line, 1910 scrapped. 4,081
Welshman
1891
ex- Tauric White Star Line, 1904 renamed Welshman, 1921 transferred from Dominion Line, 1926 scrapped. 5,730
West Indian
1891
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1900 sold to Red Cross Iquitos SS Co renamed Cearense. 2,704
William Cliff
1888
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, 1914 sold to Chile and converted to hulk Aviles at Punta Arenas. 3,352
Winifredian
1899
1929 scrapped. 10,405
Yucatan
1882
1900 taken over with West India & Pacific SS Co, no later info. 2,810

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