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Mediterranean & New York Steamship Company
The Liverpool firm of Phelps Brothers & Company opened a New York branch office around 1874 or earlier under the same name. Within a year or two many steamers carrying, for the most part, fruit from Sicily and Spain to New York were consigned to the firm. In 1877 the number of New York arrivals handled by the Company was at least 24, and it was no doubt in order to take the fullest advantage of future lucrative business of this nature that the Mediterranean & New York Steamship Company Ltd was formed in England, Phelps Brothers & Company being appointed as managers.
From the autumn of 1888 onwards there were occasional calls at Patras, Greece, and some of the steamers terminated at Fiume (Rijeka). As from 1894 a great many steamers proceeded to and from Trieste and Venice.
The Company had to suspend operations in 1905; for several years previously nearly all sailings had started from and terminated at Trieste or Venice. By that time, the Unione Austriaca was running an intensive service of passenger and cargo steamers between the former port and New York, and in addition Cunard had started a service on the same route in the autumn of 1903. This competion was to much for the Mediterranean & New York Company's service, particularly as all their steamers were to small and five out of the eight were 20 years old or more and all the ships were sold. All their ships were cargo steamers with limited passengers accommodation.
Many thanks to Henk Jungerius and Ted Finch for their assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.
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