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The Fleets

National Steam Navigation Company

Founded in Liverpool in 1863, the intention was to sail Liverpool to the US south. However, due to the civil war, routes were set up to New York. In 1870 the company added London - New York sailings and made irregular Boston sailings. They later ran ships from London to New York fortnightly. In 1884, the America made the voyage in 6 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes. Apart from one sailing in 1894, the passenger service to New York was discontinued in 1892. The company was taken over by the Atlantic Transport Line and ran freight services only. The National line went into voluntary liquidation in 1914.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit our Ship Descriptions (onsite) or the Immigrant Ship web site.

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
America (1) 1884 1887 sold to Italian Navy, renamed Trinacria. 5,528
America (2) 1891 1907 transferred to Atlantic Transport Line, renamed Memphis, 1908 scrapped. 5,158
Canada   see Pennsylvania.  
Denmark 1865 ex- Chilean , 1866 purchased from West India & Pacific SS Co, 1895 scrapped. 2,870
Egypt 1871 1883 chartered to Inman Line for one voyage, July,1890 destroyed by fire at sea with no lives lost. (This vessel held the record for carrying the most steerage passengers in one trip, 1,767 !) 4,670
England 1866 1874 rebuilt to 4,898 tons, 1896 scrapped. (April, 1866 many sick with smallpox and had to detour to Halifax) 3,308
Erin 1864 1872 rebuilt to 3,956 tons, 1877 rebuilt to 4,577 tons, Dec 31, 1889 went missing while sailing NY to London; loss of 72 lives. 3,325
Europe 1891 1907 transferred to Atlantic Transport Line, renamed Mobile, 1911 sold to Norway, renamed Thoger. 5,302
France 1867 1875 rebuilt to 4,281 tons, 1896 sold to Furness, Withy & Co. 3,572
Greece   see Virginia.  
Helvetia 1865 1872 rebuilt to 3,982 tons, 1877 to 4,588 tons, 1893 sold to France. 3,318
Holland   see Louisiana.  
Italy 1870 1894 scrapped. 4,169
Knight Bachelor 1894 1898 chartered from Knight SS Co for three voyages. 6,394
Louisiana 1858 ex- Hudson of the North German Lloyd Line, 1863 purchased from Fernie Bros, 1870 rebuilt to 3,847 tons renamed Holland, 1893 sold to France. 2,266
Manhattan 1898 1911-1914 chartered to Phoenix Line, 1914 transferred to Atlantic Transport Line, 1927 scrapped. 8,004
Michigan (1) 1890 1896 transferred from Atlantic Transport Line, 1898 sold to US Government, renamed Kilpatrick. 3,722
Michigan (2) 1899 1900 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line, 1904 sold to Dominion Line, renamed Irishman (2). 9,510
Michigan (3) 1897 ex- Irishman , 1903, purchased from Dominion Line, 1911-1914 chartered to Phoenix Line, 1914 transferred to Atlantic Transport Line, 1926 scrapped. 8,001
Mississippi 1890 1898 transferred from Atlantic Transport Line, 1898 sold to US Government, renamed Buford. 3,732
Ontario 1864 1864 wrecked off Norfolk, UK. 3,325
Pennsylvania 1863 ex- Carolina , purchased from Fernie Bros, 1872 rebuilt to 4,276 tons renamed Canada, 1894 scrapped. 2,872
Port Melbourne 1892 1898 chartered from Anglo-Australasian SN Co., 1899 went missing while sailing New York - London; loss of 52 lives. 4,670
Scotland 1865 Dec 1, 1866 sank in collision with barque Kate Dyer off Sandy Hook. 3,308
Spain 1871 1883 chartered to Inman Line for 2 voyages, 1896 scrapped. 4,512
The Queen 1865 1896 scrapped. 3,412
Virginia 1863 purchased from Fernie Bros, 1872 rebuilt to 4,310 tons renamed Greece, 1896 scrapped. 2,876
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Last updated: February 03, 2005 and maintained by and M. Kohli