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The Fleets

Orient Steam Navigation Company / Orient-Royal Mail Line / Orient Line
Started 1877 with chartered steamers to Australia. 1878 Orient Steam Navigation Co. formed by Anderson, Anderson & Co., in conjunction with Pacific Steam Nav.Co. In 1906 PSNCo. was acquired by Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. and the service became known as the Orient-Royal Mail Line but this arrangement terminated in 1909. In 1919 P&O Line acquired a controlling interest in Orient Line. 1938 The Australia service extended to New Zealand. 1965 P&O acquired the whole of the Orient Line shareholding and the company became a P&O subsidiary. 1966 The Orient Line name was dropped and thenceforward disappeared.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (on-site) or the Immigrant Ship web site.

Routes:

  • 1877 London - Plymouth - via the Cape (no call) - Melbourne - Sydney - Adelaide - Suez Canal - London.
  • 1878 calls at Capetown introduced.
  • 1881 Outward sailings to Australia were alternately via Suez and Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1883 Cape voyages discontinued and the route became London - Gibraltar - Port Said - Suez - Colombo - Albany - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney.
  • 1890 Naples added as port of call.
  • 1919 some sailings extended to Brisbane.
  • 1933 Palma and Toulon added to some sailings.
  • 1938 Auckland added beyond Sydney.
  • 1954 Trans Pacific route started - Sydney - Auckland - Suva - Honolulu - Victoria BC - San Francisco.
  • 1958 Joint P&O-Orient Line introduced to Australia and trans-Pacific.

Funnel:
1877-1906 Black
1906-1965 Buff Yellow

Fleet:

 
1877-1906 1906 - 1965
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Austral 1881 1884 chartered to Anchor Line for 7 months (Liverpool - NY service), 1902 scrapped at Genoa. 5,524
Chimborazo 1871 1877 chartered from PSNCo, 1878 purchased from PSNCo, 1894 sold to P.Pitcher, Liverpool renamed Cleopatra. 3,847
Cuzco 1871 1877 chartered from PSNCo, 1878 purchased from PSNCo, 1905 scrapped Genoa. 3,898
Garinda 1977 1984 transferred to P & O, 1986 sold to Bermuda renamed Hekabe. 34,895
Garonne (1) 1871 1877 transferred from Pacific Steam Nav.Co, 1897 sold to F.Waterhouse, Seattle for Alaska goldrush trade. 3,876
Garonne (2) 1959 1962 transferred to Trident Tankers, 1965 transferred to P & O Line. 1973 sold to Liberia renamed St. Thomas. 24,097
Lusitania 1871 1877 transferred from Pacific Steam Nav.Co, 1900 sold to Elder Dempster's Beaver Line. 3,877
Omar 1896 ex- Konigin Luise, (North German Lloyd) war reparations, 1921 renamed Omar, 1924 sold to Byron SS Co., renamed Edison. 11,103
Omrah 1899 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Cape Spartivento while trooping. 8,130
Ophir 1891 1915 became Armed Merchant Cruiser, 1918 sold to Admiralty became hospital ship. 6,814
Orama (1) 1911 1917 torpedoed and sunk while serving as convoy escort. 12,927
Orama (2) 1924 1940 sunk by German surface forces near Norway while troopship. 19,777
Orcades (1) 1903 ex- Prinz Ludwig, (North German Lloyd) war reparations, 1921 renamed Orcades, 1925 scrapped Germany. 9,764
Orcades (2) 1937 1942 torpedoed and sunk off Cape of Good Hope while troopship; loss of 48 lives. 23,456
Orcades (3) 1948 1962 transferred to P&O Line ownership, 1973 scrapped. 28,472
Orford 1928 1940 bombed and beached at Marseilles while evacuating troops from France, 1947 refloated and scrapped. 19,941
Oriana 1960 1965 transferred to P & O, 1986 sold to Japan for use as a floating cultural attraction at Sakai. 41,910
Orient 1879 1910 scrapped Italy. 5,386
Orion 1935 1963 scrapped in Belgium. 23,371
Ormonde 1917 1952 scrapped Dalmuir. 14,982
Ormuz (1) 1886 1912 sold to Cie de Nav. Sud-Atlantique, renamed Divona. 6,031
Ormuz (2) 1914 ex- Zeppelin, 1920 - 1927 built in 1914,(North German Lloyd) war reparations, 1920 renamed Ormuz, 1927 sold to North German Lloyd, renamed Dresden. 14,588
Oronsay (1) 1925 1942 torpedoed and sunk off Liberia while troopship. 20,001
Oronsay (2) 1951 1962 transferred to P&O Line ownership, 1975 scrapped. 28,136
Orontes (1) 1902 1922 sold for conversion to exhibition ship, renamed British Trade, re-possessed by Orient Line, renamed Orontes, 1926 scrapped. 9,028
Orontes (2) 1929 1962 scrapped in Spain. 20,097
Orsova (1) 1909 1936 scrapped Bo'ness. 12,026
Orsova (2) 1954 1965 transferred to P&O Line ownership, 1974 scrapped. 29,091
Orvieto 1909 1931 scrapped. 12,133
Osterley 1909 1930 scrapped. 12,129
Otranto (1) 1909 1918 sank after collision with P&O Line's Kashmir off Scotland while serving as Armed Merchant Cruiser. 12,124
Otranto (2) 1926 1957 scrapped Faslane. 20,026
Otway 1909 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Scotland while serving as Armed Merchant Cruiser; loss of 10 lives. 12,077

Pacific Steam Navigation Company Ships Under Orient Line Management.

Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Acongagua 1872 1878-1881 used by Orient as a standby vessel. 4,105
Cotopaxi 1873 1880-1882 Orient Line Australia service. 4,022
Iberia 1873 1881-1883 standby vessel, 1883-1890 Orient Line Australia service. 4,689
Liguria 1874 1880-1890 Orient Line Australia service. 4,666
Orizaba 1886 1886-1905 Orient Line Australia service, 1905 wrecked near Fremantle. 6,077
Orotava 1889 1890-1906 Orient Line service to Australia, 1906 transferred with PSNC fleet to Royal Mail SP Co. ownership. In 1919 she passed to the ownership of the Shipping Controller, London (managed by RMSPCo.) and was eventually scrapped in Nov.1921. 5,857
Oroya 1887 1906 transferred with PSNC fleet to Royal Mail SP Co.ownership, 1909 scrapped Genoa. 6,057
Ortona 1899 1899-1906 Orient Line service to Australia, 1906 transferred with PSNC fleet to Royal Mail SP Co. ownership, 1910 became cruise ship Arcadian. 7,945
Oruba 1889 1890-1906 Orient Line service to Australia, 1906 transferred with PSNC fleet to Royal Mail SP Co. ownership, 1914 sold to Admiralty. 5,852
Potosi 1873 1880-1887 Orient Line Australia service. 4,218
Sorata 1872 1879-1886 Orient Line Australia service. 4,014
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Last updated: February 03, 2005 and maintained by and M. Kohli