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The Fleets

International Navigation Company / Red Star Line posterRed Star Line

International Navigation Company of Philadelphia, was founded in 1871 and was better known as the Red Star Line. In 1872, a Belgian subsidiary was formed at Antwerp and named Societe Anonyme de Navigation Belge-Americaine. They maintained a weekly service beginning 19 January 1873 between Philadelphia and Antwerp.

The International Navigation Co. (New Jersey) and the International Navigation Co. Ltd (Liverpool) were set up in 1893 to run the four surviving Inman Line ships, and in 1902 the INCo (New Jersey) changed it's name to International Mercantile Marine Co. The International Navigation Co., Liverpool was taken over by Frederick Leyland & Co in 1927. There were many interchanges of ships between the various subsidiaries of IMM Co. and between the US, Belgian and British flags, but for the purposes of this list, all ships are shown as owned by Red Star Line. The company operated until 1934 when, due to the economic depression they ceased trading.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (on-site) or Immigrant Ship web site.
see also the Red Star Line Memorial website, Antwerp, Belgium

  • Routes:
    • 1872-1902 Antwerp - Philadelphia
    • 1876-1904 Antwerp - New York
    • 1902-1904 Antwerp - Southampton - New York
    • 1904-1914 Antwerp - Dover - New York
    • 1920 (only) Hamburg - New York.

Funnel:
1873 Black with broad white band containing red star.
1884 Buff with red star and black top.
1893 Black with white band.

Fleet:

Funnel
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Abbotsford 1873 1874 chartered from Gourlay & Co. for 7 voyages. 2,554
Adria 1896 1899 chartered from Hamburg America Line for 3 voyages (sailed under German flag). 5,458
Arabic 1908 1926-1929 chartered from White Star Line. 16,786
Aragonia 1897 1898-1900 chartered from Hamburg America Line for 15 voyages (sailed under German flag) 5,446
Belgenland (1) 1879 1905 sold to Italy, renamed Venere. 3,692
Belgenland (2) 1914 1917 completed as troopship Belgic for White Star Line, 1923 reverted to Red Star Belgenland, 1935 transferred to Panama Pacific Line, renamed Columbia. 27,132
Berlin 1874 1895-1898 chartered from American Line for 7 voyages. 5,525
Cambroman 1892 1907 chartered from Dominion Line for 4 voyages. 6,059
Colina 1872 1874 chartered from Donaldson Line for 4 voyages. 2,001
Conemaugh 1882 ex-Sacrobosso, 1890 purchased after salvaged, 1897 transferred to New York - Seattle trade, 1904 went missing at sea. 2,328
Cybele 1874 1874 chartered from Donaldson Line for 3 voyages. 1,980
Devonian 1902 1927-1928 chartered from Leyland Line for 3 voyages. 12,153
Finland 1902 1923 transferred to Panama Pacific Line. 12,760
Friesland 1889 1911 sold to Italy, renamed La Plata. 7,116
Gothland 1893 ex-Gothic, 1908 purchased from White Star Line, renamed Gothland, 1911 transferred to White Star Line Australia service, renamed Gothic, 1913 reverted to Red Star Line Gothland, 1925 scrapped. 7,755
Haverford 1901 1901-1902 chartered from American Line for 4 voyages. 11,635
Illinois 1873 1886-1897 chartered from American Line. 3,341
Indiana 1873 1889 chartered from American Line for 1 voyage. 3,335
Italia 1889 1898-1899 chartered from Hamburg America Line for 2 voyages.(sailed under German flag) 3,564
Java 1865 1878 purchased from Cunard Line, 1878 renamed Zeeland, 1889 sold to France renamed Electrique. 2,866
Kenilworth 1872 1873 chartered from Gourlay & Co. for 6 voyages, 1876-1877 again chartered, 1877 purchased by Red Star, renamed Rusland, 1877 wrecked at Long Beach, NJ; no loss of life. 2,595
Kensington 1893 1895-1903 chartered from American Line. 8,669
Kroonland 1902 1923 sold to American Line, then sold to Panama Pacific. 12,760
Lapland 1908 1933 sold Japan for scrapping. 17,540
Manitou 1897 1905-1914 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line, 1921 purchased from ATL and renamed Poland. 1925 renamed Natale and scrapped 6,849
Marquette 1897 1905-1914 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line. 7,057
Menominee 1897 1905-1914 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line. 6,919
Merion 1901 1907 chartered from American Line for 1 voyage. 11,621
Mesaba 1897 1912-1913-1914 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line for 3 voyages. 6,933
Minnetonka 1924 1932-1933 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line for 12 voyages. 21,998
Minnewaska 1923 1932-1933 chartered from Atlantic Transport Line for 10 voyages. 21,716
Mississippi   see Samland.  
Nederland 1873 1906 scrapped in Italy. 2,839
Noordland 1884 1908 scrapped. 5,212
Northland   see Zeeland (2)  
Pennland (1) 1870 ex-Algeria 1882 purchased from Cunard Line, renamed Pennland, 1903 scrapped in Italy. 3,428
Pennland (2)   see Pittsburgh  
Pennsylvania 1873 1887-1897 chartered from American Line. 3,343
Pittsburgh 1920 1925-1926 chartered from American Line, 1926 purchased from American Line renamed Pennland, 1935 sold to Bernstein Red Star Line, Hamburg. 16,322
Poland   see Manitou  
Rhynland 1879 1906 sold to Italy, renamed Rhyna and scrapped. 3,689
Rusland   see Kenilworth  
Rydal Hall 1871 1873 chartered from R. Alexander, Liverpool, for two voyages. 2,114
Samland 1903 ex-Mississippi, 1906 purchased from Atlantic Transport Line renamed Samland, 1911 transferred to White Star Line Australia service, renamed Belgic, 1913 reverted to Red Star Line as Samland, 1931 scrapped. 7,913
Scotia 1890 1898 chartered from Hamburg America for 2 voyages (sailed under German flag). 2,558
Southland   see Vaderland (2)  
Southwark 1893 1895-1903 chartered from American Line. 8,607
State of Nevada 1874 1875 chartered from State Line for 7 voyages. 2,488
Switzerland 1874 1905 sold to Italy, renamed Sansone. 2,816
Vaderland (1) 1872 1889 sold France, renamed Geographique. 2,748
Vaderland (2) 1900 1915 renamed Southland, 1917 torpedoed and sunk off Irish coast; loss of 4 lives. 11,899
Waesland 1867 ex-Russia, 1880 purchased from Cunard Line, 1902 sunk in collision with Houston Line's s/s HARMONIDES off Anglesey; loss of 2 lives. 4,752
Westernland (1) 1883 1912 scrapped. 5,736
Westernland (2) 1917 ex-Regina 1930 transferred from White Star Line, renamed Westernland, 1935 sold to Bernstein Red Star Line, Hamburg. 16,314
Winifredian 1899 1927-1928 chartered from Leyland Line. 10,405
Zeeland (1)   see Java  
Zeeland (2) 1901 1915 renamed Northland, 1919 renamed Zeeland, 1927 sold to Atlantic Transport Line, renamed Minnesota. 11,905

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