Java, Amsterdam 1873-1887
In March 1873 in Amsterdam besides the existing
Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN),
the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Java was founded, with the aim to establish
a connection between
Amsterdam and the Dutch East Indies, which was rich in development.
The founders, T.C. Scholl and J. Heybroek had received strong support
from the United Kingdom by J.W. Adamson and Th. Ronaldson (shipowners
shipbrokers in London), (see also Stoomvaart
whom had clearly seen that the needs for the Dutch government for tonnage,
to and from the Dutch East Indies, could not be met by the SMN alone.
The Amsterdam firm of B.H. Schröder & Co. also took part in
the newly founded company and supplied the resources for the first three
First, the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Java purchased a second hand
ship (ex Columbian) and within the year added four new cargo passenger
ships too the fleet,
all built in Great Britain.
With that the outsider had suddenly became the largest Dutch shipping
company to trade to the Dutch East Indies.
Moreover, a sister company, the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Batavia which
was under management of Hudig and Scholl was founded in Rotterdam and
The company flourished well and because its ships were built to a lower
standard and were therefore cheaper to run than the ships of the
SMN, the company could obtain lower passage and freight tariffs.
In 1875, however the driving force behind the Stoomvaart Maatschappij
Java in the person of T.C. Scholl, died and the company went rapidly
downhill after that.
In spring of 1876, the ships were then chartered to the SMN and its own
exploitation had to be abandoned. However, the SMN only used two of
the ships on the Amsterdam Dutch East Indies route for the passenger
trade. The other ships were sold or used
in the Dutch East Indies.
One new ship was built for the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Java
in 1879, the KONINGIN EMMA, however, SMN stipulated how the
new ship was to be built.
In the next years the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Java saw a growing loss,
partly due to a new competitor in the form of the Stoomvaart Maatschappij
Insulinde. On 1 September 1887 the company was liquidated. The two
best ships became the property of the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland
and the remaining ships were sold.
Many thanks to Henk Jungerius and Ted Finch for their assistance
in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various
sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used
as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship
Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant
Ship web site.
- Amsterdam-Batavia (Djakarta)
Yellow with black top.
||Years in Service
||built by W. Pile & Co., Sunderland | 1876 sold to
W.E. Woolf & Haig, Hull renamed Kin Shan, 13 October 1877 foundered
in Atlantic Ocean.
||built by Pile, Spence & Co.,
London | ex- Columbian built for West India & Pacific SS Co., Liverpool,
29 October 1867 foundered off St. Thomas, 1873 raised and repaired,
1873 purchased from G. Blaxland Jr., London renamed Celebes, 1883
renamed Soenda on charter SMN,
1887 purchased by SMN, 1900 sold for scrap to Italy, 1901 scrapped
||built by Raylton, Dixon & Co., Middlesbrough | 1876-1878
chartered by SMN 1879 sold
to Fr. Bennington & Co., Stockton renamed Castlefield, 25 August
1883 foundered off Cape Bon.
||built by Backhouse & Dixon, Middlesbrough | 1876-1881
chartered by SMN, 1881 sold
to Soc. Rouenaise de Transports Maritimes a Vapeur, Rouen renamed
Port de Rouen, 1883 sold to Robert Thompson, Hull not renamed, 1883
sold to Massey & Sawyer, Hull same name, 1885 renamed Drewton, 26
November 1892 stranded and lost off Jaffa.
||built by Richardson Duck & Co., Stockton | In charter
SMN, 1887 sold to SMN, 1894
converted into a cargo ship renamed Java, 1901 sold to L. Donegani,
Livorno, Italy renamed Jolanda, 1903 scrapped at Genoa.
||built by Richardson Duck & Co., Stockton | 1876-1887
chartered by SMN, 1887 sold
to Christopher Furness, West
Hartlepool not renamed, 1891 registered under Furness, Withy & Co.
Ltd, November 1895 foundered on voyage Hamburg to Port Royal.
||Stoomvaart Mij. Batavia
||Years in Service
||built by Tod & McGregor, Glasgow | ex- Salsette built
for P&O, 1871 sold to Adamson & Ronaldson, London not renamed 1873
purchased renamed Sumatra, 1876 reverted to Adamson & Ronaldson,
sold several times without a change of name, 1900 scrapped at Genoa.
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