British Colonial Steamship Company
Limited / Temperley Line / Temperley-Ross Line
Officially named the British Colonial Steamship Company, Limited, the line became better
known as the Temperley Line. The company started operations between London - Quebec -
Montreal in June, 1864 and from 1871 westbound passengers were also embarked at Plymouth but most of their business was in the cattle trade.
"Messrs. Temperley, Carter & Darke long owned several sailing ships trading
between London and Montreal, the best known being the John Bull. Mr. Carter
was formerly a member of the firm of Carter & Bonus, of London, who owned
a favourite Montreal trader, the Great Britain, Captain Swinburne. She
by the New Great Britain, and she in turn was succeeded by a third Great
Britain, Captain Wilson, which once carried troops from Quebec to Fort
Bay. Ultimately she had to give way to steam, and in 1871, Messrs. Temperley
built at Dumbarton and elsewhere the Thames, Scotland, and St. Lawrence,
and afterwards the Medway and Gamma."
After 1868 the name British Colonial Steamship Company was dropped, principally
because Ontario and Quebec combined with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in 1867
to form the
Dominion of Canada. No other name for the company was substituted for several
years, enquiries being to the brokers - Temperley, Carter & Darke. In
1872 the name Temperley Line appeared in advertisements and the company was
thenceforward known by that name.
From 1879 joint sailings with the King Line (Wm Ross & Co.) commenced
and lasted until 1893 when Temperley withdrew from ship owning, mostly
to intense competition from the Allan
Line. Ross Line transferred most
of their ships to the New Orleans service.
Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data.
The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an
all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like
to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship
Descriptions (on-site) ot the Immigrant
Ship web site.
||Years in Service
||1866 chartered from E.Gourlay, Sunderland for two
||1870 chartered from E.Gourlay,
Sunderland for two voyages.
||1870 chartered for three voyages.
||1868 purchased from Pile & Co., 1869
wrecked at Trepassey Bay, NF; no loss of life.
||ex- City of Poonah, 1878
purchased from City Line, renamed Clyde, 1879 wrecked Cape Colony
while military transport.
||1869 chartered from Norwood & Co.,
London for four voyages.
||1873 purchased from Smith, Hill & Co.,
Hull, 1873 chartered to South Wales Atlantic SS Co. for two
voyages, 1874 wrecked Cape Chat, Quebec; no loss of life.
||1878 chartered from Robertson & Co.
||1875-1878 chartered from Smith,
Co., Hull for eight voyages.
||1864 chartered from E.Gourlay,
Sunderland for one voyage, 1872 chartered from E.Gourlay,
Sunderland for three voyages.
||1869 purchased, 1873 wrecked in Belle
Isle Strait; loss of with 4 lives.
||1871-1872 chartered from C. Norwood,
London for six voyages.
||1872 chartered from C. Norwood,
London for two voyages.
||1873 chartered from J. Dunkerly & Co.
for three voyages.
||1879 chartered from Wm Ross & Co.,
1891 wrecked on East Frisian Islands.
||1868 sold to Allan Line, 1872
rebuilt to 2395 tons renamed Manitoban, 1876 chartered from Allan
Line for one voyage.
||1872 purchased from J. Key, Leith,
1874 rebuilt to 2,645 tons, 1889 transferred to Ross Line, 1893
||1871 chartered from
E. Gourlay, Sunderland, 1873 purchased from E. Gourlay, 1883
sold to British owners.
||1868 sank off Farianto Point, Montreal; no loss of life.
|St Lawrence (2)
||1876 wrecked near Capetown while trooping.
||1873-1876 chartered from J. Dunkerly
& Co. for three voyages.
||1867 chartered to Hiller & Strauss for 1 voyage,
1874 no longer listed by Lloyds Register.
||1885 transferred to Ross Line, 1895 wrecked Cape Breton.
||1870 chartered from J.Morrison, Newcastle for four
||1878 chartered from Wm Ross & Co.,
1883 wrecked Anticosti Island.
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