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Transmigration via British Ports

Many emigrants did not depart directly from their homelands to the Americas or Australasia. Instead, they would first take a smaller steamer, referred to as a "Feeder ship" to a British port, then by train to larger emigration ports such as Liverpool, Glasgow or London, to embark on a transatlantic steamship. The emigrants who travelled by this "indirect" route were referred to as Transmigrants. There was also transmigration via Hamburg, however this page is devoted to Britain.
see also, newspaper item about the through-ticketing process

Transmigrants arrived via several British ports: | Dover | Grimsby | Hartlepool (west) | Harwich | Hull | Leith | London | Newcastle | Newhaven | Southampton | Tyne | and others. Hull and Grimsby received the vast majority of transmigrants.
see Feeder Lines four pages | Wilson Line | Finland Steamship Co. |

To learn more about transmigration, visit these off-site webpages. The articles have a great deal of information regarding the emigration trends of transmigrants, their departure ports per nationality, and time-frames involved.
note: any off-site links provided will open a new browser window.
Trains and Shelters and Ships (a paper presented by Aubrey Newman at a seminar under the auspices of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain, April 2000)
Indirect passage from Europe, Transmigration via the UK, 1836-1914
(by Dr. Nicholas J. Evans of the Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation, University of Hull, formerly of The AHRB Centre for Irish and Scottish Studies at the University of Aberdeen.)
Migration from Northern Europe to America via the Port of Hull, 1848-1914
(includes wonderful pictures of Hull)
(by Dr. Nicholas J. Evans of the Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation, University of Hull, formerly of The AHRB Centre for Irish and Scottish Studies at the University of Aberdeen.)
Latter-day Saint Scandinavian Migration through Hull, England 1852-1894
(co-authored by Fred E. Woods, Associate Professor of Church History and Doctrine at Brigham Young University and Dr. Nicholas J. Evans of the Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation, University of Hull)
The Great Central Railway (Migration from Europe to North America by Chis Tolley)

Here is an example of such a feeder service from Christiania, Norway to Hull in England on Wilson Line ships , to board ships of the Inman Line. This advertisement appeared in the Newspaper, Hamar Stiftstidende on April 9th 1869.
 

Inman Line advertisement for Norway

To America in 14 days
Inmans Royal English Post-Steamships.
Emigrants, who buy a ticket at the undersigned, will be conveyed (transported) from Liverpool with
Post-Steamships.
Departure from Christiania Arrival Hull Departure Liverpool Arrival New York
Steamship
Date
Time
Date
Steamship & Date
Date
Oder 19th March 3pm Mon. 22nd Mar.
City of London
24th March
Sat. 3rd April
Argo 26th March 3pm Mon. 29th Mar.
City of Brooklyn
31st March
Sat. 10th April
Oder 2nd April 5pm Mon. 5th April
City of Baltimore
7th April
Sat. 17th April
Argo 9th April 5pm Mon. 12th April
City of Paris
14th April
Sat. 24th April
Oder 16th April 5pm Mon. 19th April
City of Antwerp
21st April
Sat. 1st May
Argo 23rd April 5pm Mon. 26th April
City of London
28th April
Sat. 8th May
Oder 30th April 5pm Mon. 3rd. May
City of Brooklyn
5th May
Sat. 15th May
Argo 7th May 5pm Mon. 10th May
City of Baltimore
12th May
Sat. 22nd May
and so on from Christiania every Friday the rest of the year.

The prices are the same as at any other respectable company right now. To New-York 33 Spesidaler and 90 Skilling.

Norwegian service and free food the whole way to New-York. The arrival fee is not included. No extra fee for luggage.

[Railroad] Tickets are being issued to Chicago and all other destinations in the Western States in America.
[dated] Christiania in March 1869 [signed] H. Heitmann, General-Agent for Norway. _____________________________________________________________________________
  

translated by Trond Austheim - transcribed by Sue Swiggum 1999

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