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S.S. ADALIA, Captain Thomas Sanderson, from London 1872-06-05 via Plymouth, bound for Quebec.
Report of the wreck, family account, and the passenger list.
There was no loss of life, and the passengers arrived at Quebec 1872-07-04 aboard the steamship Pictou.

The Wreck of the Steamship Adalia (1872)

There are a few examples of passenger manifests filed in cases when the ships did not arrive at the port. One of these is the SS Adalia (1) of the London Line (2) which is on Quebec film C-4527 for July 4, 1872. There is a note saying passengers were brought to Quebec on the Pictou (3). The Ontario Archives passenger summary shows 119 souls (equivalent to 96 adults) and one Shetland Pony (!) which was intended for the Province of Quebec. Among the human passengers were 38 souls (= 28 adults) sponsored by National Emigration League (Horrocks Cock's).

Following the clues about the shipwreck, these articles were found in the Montreal Gazette.

Montreal Gazette June 27, 1872 [datelined] Halifax June 26
A telegram from the Marine Department reports that the ship Adalia of London, Capt. Thos. Sanderson bound to Quebec with general cargo and 100 passengers, went ashore in the fog yesterday on the south side of St. Paul's Island. The crew and passengers are safe. The ship is in danger and full of water.

(A follow up on June 28 noted that a steamer had been sent to help)

Montreal Gazette July 6 1872 [datelined] Quebec July 5
Captain McMicken, of the steamship Pictou from St. Paul's Island at this port yesterday reports: - Left Pictou on Saturday, 29th June, 1872 and proceeded to St. Paul's Island, where we arrived at daylight on the 30th, and communicated immediately with Captain Sanderson, of the steamer Adalia, wrecked there; at 7 a.m. commenced embarking passengers and baggage, and finished at 12 30 p.m., and proceeded at once for Quebec. The weather is very fine.

The Adalia is lying on the rocks, with her stern about 14 feet under water, and her forefoot entirely out of the water. A good part of the cargo has been saved and handed out of the forehold, and the captain and crew remained on St. Paul's Island to save all that was possible.

Adalia

A party of wreckers were on the island and attempted to plunder, and had to be beaten off by the crew and passengers with firearms. The captain expected further trouble with them. Several schooners were hovering about near the island.

After leaving St. Paul's, had fine weather all the way up the Gulf.

  1. The Adalia was a steamship of 1,270 tons built by Wm. Doxford of Sunderland in 1864. She was owned technically by the London and Charleston Steamship Company.
  2. The London Line ran between London, Plymouth and Quebec. The structure was complex; British Colonial SS Co, Temperley Line, and London Line were names used at different times while many passenger manifests in National Archives (Canada) are coded WW, apparently from Wilcocks and Weekes, the Plymouth agents.
  3. The Pictou belonged to the Quebec and Gulf Ports Steamship Company (an interesting company themselves) and was one of the fleet which maintained summer communications between Quebec and Pictou NS (for Halifax) before the Intercolonial Railway was opened. She was bought secondhand c1870 and went missing 18 Nov.1873, a night when flames were seen at sea from the North Shore of PEI.

Contributed by Harry Dodsworth

 
Shipwreck of the S.S. Adalia June 25, 1872
written and submitted (with thanks from TheShipsList) by a Creeper family descendant, Colette Arquette Wallace.

On the evening of June 7, 1872 at 9 pm, the passenger/cargo ship S.S. Adalia left Plymouth, England. She had set sail for Quebec, Canada. Included on the passenger manifest were Joseph and Jeannette Creeper and her sons from her first marriage, John Francis and William Horne. On the ships manifest the boys are listed as Creepers.

On June 25th the Adalia hit a ledge at the south point of St Paul's Island, Nova Scotia. This was due to intense fog and the failure of the government's employees on the island to fire warning shots, thus the ship began to take water.

The island was sparsely populated with a few government workers. These being lighthouse keepers and a rescue team for events such as this. Because of the island propensity for fog and the reputation as the graveyard of the Atlantic, a crew was sent there to aid in such disasters. It was hardly what we would consider habited.

The boys left the ship first. Jeannette pinned a note to one of them as to where to have them sent if she didn't make it. Jeannette having already been widowed once did not want to leave the ship without Joseph. Keep in mind that she was pregnant with her and Joseph's first child, Laura Bailey Creeper. Inevitably she was the last woman to exit the ship.

Not a person was lost, all survived. There was however a Shetland pony on board, her final fate unknown.

The following day some passengers where allowed on the broken ship to retrieve personal effects and some provisions. The Creeper family procured a ham and this sustained them for the following 5 days.

During this time some "wreckers" set their sights on what they thought could be a pay day for them. "Wreckers" is a 17th century term for "looters". It was reported in the news that the captain, crew and passengers, had to fight them off with firearms. Captain Thomas Sanderson also reported several schooners circling the slowing sinking ship.

On June 30, 1872 the S.S. Pictou came to the rescue. The passengers of the Adalia boarded her and finished their journey to Quebec. The captain and crew of the Adalia stayed behind to salvage what they could off the ship.

Joseph, Jeannette and the boys docked in Quebec and then finished their journey to Bowmanville. Not long after they settled for a final time in Gesto, Ontario.

After all these years of hearing the legend of my 2nd great grandparents ship wreck on their way to Canada, I am thrilled to have finally found the proof.

Joseph and Jeannette went on to live rich, full lives in Gesto. Gesto was much more of a thriving farm community in their lives than it is now. Even so, I am sure no other greater excitement than that of the shipwreck even did they encounter in their lives.

I pay my respects to them, for their journey, bravery and resilience.

Passenger List

The passenger list is clear and easy to read, other than some names with ill-placed inkblots at the end of the Plymouth list ; all passengers indicated as English.
Four of the passengers continued to the United States, although eight others originally with US destinations, such as New York, Boston and Chicago, were persuaded to remain in Ontario. Six adult passengers had Quebec destinations; two to the Eastern Townships, and four to Montreal. The 106 remaining passengers had Ontario destinations, such as, Oshawa, Newcastle, Port Hope, Peterboro [sic], Toronto, Hamilton, Bowmanville and Chatham, with the majority (= 52 adults) bound to Toronto. As mentioned in the article above, thirty-eight of the passengers were assisted, sent out by the National Emigration League, although the Sessional Papers quotes thirty-three - 10 males, 7 females and 16 children. Seventy-seven passengers received "free passes" to their destination at an expense of $150.

No.

Grp. No.

Names

Adult (over 12)

Child

Inf

Occupation or calling

-

-

embarked London

m-m

m-f

s-m

s-f

m

f

-

-

1

1

Wright, Geo. W.

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

Sullivan, Mary

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

3

--

Sullivan, Julia

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

4

4

Iver, Frederick

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

Baker

5

5

Jones, William

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

-

6

--

Jones, John

-

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

Hayward, Frederick

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

Porter

8

10

Tearle / Searle, Joseph

-

-

36

-

-

-

-

Brewer

9

11

Freeman, William

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

--

Freeman, Mary Ann

-

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

--

Freeman, William

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

12

--

Freeman, Mary Ann

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

13

--

Freeman, Elizabeth

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

14

--

Freeman, Emily

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

15

--

Freeman, Alice

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

16

--

Freeman, Fred

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

17

--

Freeman, Edward

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

18

--

Freeman, Louisa

-

-

-

-

-

-

f

-

19

12

Welby / Wilby, Mary Ann

-

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

--

Welby / Wilby, Mary Ann

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

21

--

Welby / Wilby, William

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

22

--

Welby / Wilby, Henry

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

23

--

Welby / Wilby, Arthur

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

24

--

Welby / Wilby, Jane

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

25

--

Welby / Wilby, Alexander

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

26

--

Welby / Wilby, Percy

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

27

--

Welby / Wilby, Horace

-

-

-

-

-

-

m

-

28

13

McKendry, Alexander

-

-

45

-

-

-

-

-

29

13a

Bloye, Thomas

48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

--

Bloye, Elizabeth

-

45

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

--

Bloye, John W.

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

32

--

Bloye, Raymond

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

33

--

Bloye, Mary

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

34

--

Bloye, Emily

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

35

--

Bloye, Herbert

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

36

--

Bloye, Martha

-

-

-

-

-

-

f

-

37

14

Freeland, Edwin

42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38

--

Freeland, Matilda

-

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

39

--

Freeland, Edwin

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

40

--

Freeland, Henry

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

41

--

Freeland, Charles

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

42

--

Freeland, Rosa

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

43

--

Freeland, Alice

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

44

--

Freeland, Hettie

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

45

15

Williams, William

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46

--

Williams, Sarah

-

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

16

Pipe, Edgar

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

-

48

--

Pipe, John C.

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

49

17

Worcester, Emma

-

34

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

--

Worcester, Ellen

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

51

--

Worcester, Emma

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

52

--

Worcester, Frederick

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

53

--

Worcester, Sarah

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

54

--

Worcester, Annie

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

55

19

Finnie, James

56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

56

--

Finnie, Sarah

-

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

57

--

Finnie, Sarah

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

58

--

Finnie, Minnie

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

59

--

Finnie, Wallace

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

60

20

Read, Robert

48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

--

Read, Selina

-

48

-

-

-

-

-

-

62

--

Read, Julia

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

63

--

Read, Robert

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

64

21

Mitchell, William

-

-

53

-

-

-

-

Hairdresser

65

--

Mitchell, Mary A.

-

-

-

21

-

-

-

-

66

22

Barber, Sarah J.

-

-

-

25

-

-

-

-

67

23

Strong, Henry

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68

--

Strong, Ann

-

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

69

--

Strong, Edith

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

70

--

Strong, Elizabeth

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

71

--

Strong, George

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

72

24

Boulter, Stephen

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

Labourer

73

25

Watson, George

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

-

74

26

Twinnell / Turmell, William

-

-

43

-

-

-

-

Eng. Driver

75

27

Holland, William

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

76

--

Newberry, W.

-

-

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cabin London

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

77

-

Champion, Clementine

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

78

-

Champion, Edith C.

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

79

-

Champion, Alfred

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

80

-

Champion, Charles

-

-

-

-

-

-

m

-

81

-

Stock, Charlotte

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

Servant

82

-

Romeril, Eliza

-

a

-

-

-

-

-

-

83

-

Romeril, Eliza

-

-

-

-

-

c

-

-

84

-

Romeril, May

-

-

-

-

-

-

f

-

85

-

Pitcher, Mary

-

-

-

a

-

-

-

Servant

86

-

Marhan / Maxhan, Mrs.

-

a

-

-

-

-

-

Doctor's wife

87

-

Wells, G.

-

-

50

-

-

-

-

-

88

-

Warner, Louisa

-

a

-

-

-

-

-

-

89

-

Warner, William

-

-

-

-

c

-

-

-

90

-

Bishop, Geo. H.

-

-

a

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

embarked Plymouth

m-m

m-f

s-m

s-f

m

f

inf

-

91

-

Pearce, Mahala

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

Spinster

92

-

Job, Henry

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

Farmer

93

-

Job, Jane

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

94

-

Job, Rosa

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

95

-

Job, Willie

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

96

-

Job, Edward

-

-

-

-

-

-

m

-

97

-

Venning, John

52

-

-

-

-

-

-

Farm Labourer

98

-

Venning, Margaret

-

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

99

-

Venning, John

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

100

-

Hawke, Robert

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

101

-

Hawke, Margaret

-

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

102

-

Hawke, James

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

103

-

Stripling, Henry

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

Labourer

104

-

Stripling, Maria

-

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

105

-

Gill, Edwin

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

Dairyman

106

-

Reeves, Anne

-

35

-

-

-

-

-

wife

107

-

Reeves, Edwin

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

108

-

Warde, George

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

Merchant

109

-

Warde, Louisa

-

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

-

Warde, Geo. F.

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

111

-

Jolliffe, Samuel

-

-

26

-

-

-

-

Labourer

112

-

Wittingham, Eliza

-

-

-

21

-

-

-

Servant

113

-

Winter, Timothy

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

Labourer

114

-

Knott, John

-

-

24

-

-

-

-

Labourer

115

-

Gatheridge, Richard

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

Farmer

116

-

Gatheridge, Thomas

-

-

21

-

-

-

-

Farmer

117

-

Greenslade, Richard

-

-

25

-

-

-

-

Labourer

118

-

Gr***t / Gruett, Andrew

-

-

30

-

-

-

-

Labourer

119

-

Holloway, [illegible]

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

Labourer

120

-

Creeper, Joseph

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

Wheelwright

121

-

Creeper, Jeanette

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

Jeanette (Bailey) fomerly Horne

122

-

Creeper, John

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

John Francis Horne - stepson of Joseph

123

-

Creeper, William

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

William Horne - stepson of Joseph

124

-

West, Sarah A.

-

-

-

19

-

-

-

Spinster

125

-

Webb, James

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

Labourer

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