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barque Euphrosyne, 400 tons, Captain Joseph Samson, from Bridgwater March 24th 1831, to Quebec 24th April 1831

The record for this group of emigrants from Wiltshire, includes two passenger lists for their passage from Bridgwater, Somerset, to Quebec ; a letter written by Captain Samson after his return to England ; a letter (report) written by A.C. Buchanan, the immigration Agent at Quebec. (the passenger list below is formatted differently than the originals)

A list of Emigrants from Heytesbury & its hamlets to embark for Quebec on their way to Upper Canada on the 24th March 1831 in the ship [sic] Euphrosyne, Joseph Samson Master. To embark at Bridgewater [sic].
Names Age Occupation Parish
King, William 50 Quarryman Tytherington
King, wife 50   Tytherington
Kite, James 19 Labourer Tytherington
Bevan, William 30 Labourer Tytherington
Bevan, wife 30   Tytherington
Bevan, daughter 6   Tytherington
Bevan, son 4   Tytherington
Bevan, son 1   Tytherington
Foyle, David 17 Labourer Tytherington
Parker, Felix 19 Labourer Tytherington
Miller, George 19 Labourer Tytherington
Payne, Joel 25 Cloth worker Tytherington
Noke, Jeffery 32 Shoemaker & Labourer Heytesbury
Noke, wife 31   Heytesbury
Noke, daughter 11   Heytesbury
Noke, daughter 9   Heytesbury
Noke, son 7   Heytesbury
Noke, daughter 1   Heytesbury
Coleman, William 31 Cloth worker & Labourer Heytesbury
Coleman, wife 37   Heytesbury
Coleman, daughter 5   Heytesbury
Coleman, daughter 1   Heytesbury
Smith, Thomas 18 Labourer Heytesbury
Farley, William 17 Labourer Heytesbury
Young, John 23 Shoemaker Heytesbury
Young, wife 24   Heytesbury
Young, son 3mo   Heytesbury
Syer (Cyer), Charles 19 Labourer Heytesbury
Holland, Henry 20 Labourer Heytesbury
Hinton, Henry 21 Labourer Heytesbury
Hooker, John * 17 Labourer Heytesbury
Holland, James 25 Labourer Heytesbury
Hinton, Leonard 25 Shoemaker Heytesbury
Farley, Joseph 23 Labourer Heytesbury
Hurdle, William 23 Millwright Heytesbury
Payne, James 24 Cloth worker Knocke
Payne, wife 25   Knocke
Payne, daughter 4   Knocke
Payne, daughter 2   Knocke
Payne, son 6mo died at sea ? ** Knocke

James Payne goes at his own expense.
Each individual, including children, will have from Two to One Pound each on landing at Quebec. Which will be delivered by the Master of the Euphrosyne to the Government Agent there.

* John Hooker, 17, appears on one list, but not on the other.
** The letter from the Captain indicates one child of the Payne's had died at sea.

note: It seems apparent from the letter from the Captain and even the report by A.C. Buchanan, that the Euphrosyne carried more passengers than the forty listed here.

Mr. Rowden Euphrosyne
Bridgewater [sic]
21 June 1831
— Sir,

Having now returned to the Port we sailed from, I am aware you will feel a degree of interest to know how I dispensed with the charge you committed to me.
I am happy to say that our passage proved a pleasant & propitious one ; and that we had the good luck to arrive at Quebec 24th April. Tho' we were not the first ship, the date of our arrival is the earliest for several years.
I feel pleasure in stating that the passengers throughout conducted themselves remarkably well & were always ready & attentive whenever we required their assistance.
We had a most favourable & pleasant passage — of which I shall allow you to judge — we had the topsails only once double reefed.
Mr. Buchanan the emigrant agent at Quebec rendered every assistance to the passengers in forwarding them to their several allotments & I had the pleasure to hear before I left Quebec that they were all comfortably settled in their little Farms & have not the least doubt but will all do well.
They had abundance of provisions ; & in my opinion the passage out was the happiest period of their lives.
I have not the least doubt but they will all do well ; & from the ample manner in which they were provided for & the favourable situation of the Country in which they are blessed, when made known to their relatives & neighbours will add much to the spirit of Emigration.
I should not advise too many to go out the latter part of the year as they have but little time to get settled & provide for the winter.
I shall make the necessary preparations for passengers & should you determine in sending any more from your neighbourhood, your favour will be gladly accepted by

Yr. Obt. Sevt.

Joseph Samson


P.S. We had two children died on the passage ; but in my opinion from hereditary diseases. — The one was Payne's & the other a person from the neighbourhood of Bridgewater [sic].
Have the goodness to state as early as possible what number I may expect from your neighbourhood, that I may make the preparations for them & name the day of sailing. —— J.S.
We took our departure from St. Paul's Island 2nd. June —

Copy of a Letter addressed to Colonel a'Court by
A.C. Buchanan, Esq. His Majesty's resident Agent
for the superintendence of Settlers and Emigrants in the Canadas.
(stamped received June 23rd 1831 for Captain a'Court)

Quebec, 28th April, 1831.

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 19th ult. handed me by Captain Sampson [sic], of the Ship [sic] Euphrosyne, accompanied by a despatch from Viscount Goderich, recommending to my particular attention a number of Emigrants from the County of Wiltshire, to the several contents of which my best attention has been given ; and I am happy in being able to inform you for the satisfaction of the friends of the Emigrants, that hitherto they have met with signal [sic] good fortune in every respect.
The Euphrosyne arrived here on the 23rd instant, after a remarkably fine passage, and all on board in good health & and as these Emigrants had a very abundant supply of provisions, they were enabled to dispose of a considerable quantity of bacon and potatoes. I mention this fact to shew that persons coming out need not be alarmed at losing any thing by a redundance of provisions ; for so great is the estimation in which every kind of English produce, such as potatoes, cheese, bacon, &c. is held here, that a certain profit may always be calculated upon. As far as I can learn, the Emigrants received at the hands of Captain Sampson [sic] good treatment, and he seemed to me well calculated for such employment.
I shall briefly state, that after ascertaining the views of the Emigrants respectively, and giving them my best advice, and providing them according to their several wants and wishes with every facility in my power,—many of them got immediate employment as servants and labourers ; and such familes as wished to proceed at once on lands, I forwarded to such parts of this Province and Upper Canada as their previous inclination had inclined them.—Of the whole of the Emigrants per Euphrosyne and Airthy Castle, in number amounting to 511, full one half I directed to Upper Canada, who will find every protection from Lieutenant-Governor Sir. John Colborne ; the other half, as I said before, is employed as servants in and about the City, with about 20 families who are gone to the flourishing Settlements in the Township of Inverness, distant from this City, on the south side of the St. Lawrence, about 40 miles.
At the end of the year I shall have the pleasure of transmitting you any information that may occur to me respecting the Emigrants already arrived from your part of the country, and that can in any way aid you or your neighbours in your benevolent arrangements for next year.
I feel very much gratified at the flattering opinion entertained of my humble exertions in the cause of Emigration by the Gentry of Wilts ; and you may assure them that nothing but the most enthusiastic zeal for the general good of the Empire, and a sincere desire to mitigate as far as the humble sphere of my exertions would permit, the sufferings of the poor labouring classes of the United Kingdom, could have ever induced me to undergo such anxiety, and make the personal sacrifices that I have done in trying to turn the stream of emigration to the fine Provinces, hitherto but little known to the British Emigrant.
During the past winter how heart-rending it was to read the accounts from the United Kindom of burnings, and universal distress and destitution, to which the labouring classes were exposed ; whereas in this truly happy Colony none but the brightest rays of prosperity and plenty were every where to be met with.
The industrious labouring farmer and mechanic in the Canadas have nothing to fear, and I feel thankful to the Almighty that the good sense of the Gentry of England is at length aroused to the advantages that these Colonies hold out to the industrious poor of Great Britain and Ireland.
I could say much on the subject of Emigration, but as His Majesty's Government will be in possession of the most accurate details on every thing connected with the Measure, you may safely look to Viscount Goderich, whose anxiety for the amelioration of the distresses of the people is unbounded.
The circumstances of so large a number of persons arriving from the County of Wilts in Canada, is an extraordinary event as hitherto very few came from that County ; I did not omit impressing on the Emigrants the importance of their own character and that of the Country they came from, by their maintaining a correct conduct, and deporting themselves in their several new situations in such a manner as will not only materially benefit themselves but those friends or followers who may come from the same quarter on any future occasion.

I have the honour to be,


Your obedient humble Servant,


Colonial Office 384, vol. 28 pp. 40-41 & 48-50 - National Archives of Canada microfilm B-949

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