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The Fleets

Messageries Maritimes (Compagnie des Messageries Maritimes)

In 1835 the French Government created a state owned steamship service between Marseilles and the Levant. This continued until 1851 when it was transferred to the management of Messageries Nationales (the state operated road communication concern). The shipping side of the business was split from the road activities in 1852 under the name Compagnie des Services Maritimes des Messageries Nationales. With the return of the French monarchy in 1853 this became Compagnie des Services Maritimes Imperiales and the company expanded dramatically over the next few years and by 1857 owned 57 ships. After the Franco-Prussian War and the abolition of the monarchy in 1871, the company became Compagnie des Messageries Maritimes, usually shortened to MM. In 1904 the fleets of Compagnie Francaise de l'Est Asiatique and Compagnie Nationale de Navigation were taken over. The second world war decimated the fleet which had been split between the Allies and Vichy France and by 1945, only 21 ships were left. However the fleet was rebuilt, but the independence of French colonies and the advent of air travel caused the whole passenger fleet to be disposed of between 1969 and 1972. In 1977 MM and CGT (French Line) were amalgamated under the title Compagnie Generale Maritime and by 1981 the name MM disappeared from Lloyds Register.

Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site. Details of routes / careers of individual ships are available from Ted Finch on request (steamships only), but first check these two ship description sites above, to see if they have already been included online.
Visit Philippe Ramona's Messageries maritimes website for hundreds of pictures of MM ships. The website is in French and can be slow-loading, so be patient, it is well worth a visit.

Routes:

  • 1835-1939 Marseilles - Constantinople - Black Sea - Trabzo Marseilles - (1851 Civitavecchia) - Beirut.
  • 1854-1940 Marseilles - Algiers / Oran / Bone - Tunis.
  • 1860-1912 Bordeaux - Rio de Janeiro + Rio feeder service.
  • 1862-1869 Marseilles - Alexandria - overland - Suez - French Indochina Mauritius feeder service to Aden and Suez.
  • 1865           Saigon - Hong Kong - Shanghai - Yokohama feeder service.
  • 1866-1914 Saigon - Manila feeder service.
  • 1869-1958 Marseilles - Suez Canal - Ceylon - Indochina.
  • 1869-1981 (French ports) - Marseilles - Suez Canal - India / Far East / Australia.
  • 1881-1981 Marseilles - Port Said - Mahe - Reunion - Mauritius - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney - Noumea.
  • 1914           Pacific routes also via Panama.
  • 1962-1972 Hamburg - Havre - Bordeaux - South America.

Funnel:
1835 -1960 Black
1960 -         Black with representation of house flag.

Fleet:

 
1835-1960 1960 -
Vessel Built Years in Service Tons
Ajax 1968 ex- Minerve, 1969 purchased from Otto Candies Inc, New Orleans renamed Ajax, 1982 transferred to Cie.des Moyens de Surface. 625
Alexandre 1843 1861 scrapped. 723
Alphee 1861 1899 engines removed, hull sold. 1,847
Amazone (1) 1869 1889 hit jetty at Reunion and holed. 3,350
Amazone (2)   see Laos (1)  
Amboise 1905 ex- Furst Bismarck, ex-Frederichruhe (Hamburg America Line), 1921 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Amboise, 1935 scrapped. 8,332
Amerique 1857 1858 purchased from Cie de Navigation Mixte, 1878 scrapped. 1,697
Amiral Pierre (1) 1911 ex- Stiegerwald (Hamburg America Line), 1923 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Amiral Pierre, 1928 renamed La Perouse, 1936 scrapped. 4,485
Amiral Pierre (2) 1905 ex- Yannis, 1940 purchased from G. Andreou,m Greece renamed Amiral Pierre, 1942 scuttled off Madagascar when intercepted by British destroyers. 4,391
Amsterdam 1838 1854 purchased from Cie.Albrecht, 1860 sold to Bazin & Leon Gay. 713
Anadyr (1) 1873 1889 rammed and sunk by Oxus in Aden Roads. 3,714
Anadyr (2) 1930 ex- Redsea, 1938 purchased from Brown, Atkinson & Co, Hull renamed Anadyr, 1944 torpedoed and sunk off Pernambuco by German submarine. 5,278
Anadyr (3) 1947 ex- Pierre deSaurel, 1953 purchased from Fabre Line renamed Anadyr, 1964 sold to Soc. Malgache de Transports Maritimes renamed Malagasy. 4,512
Andalousie 1861 renamed and completed as Donai, 1887 converted to cargo ship, 1889 scrapped after collision with British ship Nerissa. 2,535
Andre Lebon 1914 1940 remained in Vichy hands, 1944 sunk in Allied air raid on Toulon, refloated. 1946 resumed service, 1952 scrapped. 13,681
Andromede 1911 ex- Fremantle (Deutsche-Australische Line), 1922 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Andromede, 1931 scrapped. 6,036
Angers 1907 ex- Cap Arcona (Hamburg South America Line) 1921 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Angers, 1939 scrapped. 9,846
Annam (1) 1898 1904 renamed Tourane, 1912 renamed Karnak, 1916 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine near Malta; loss of 17 lives. 6,300
Annam (2) 1889 1904 taken over with Cie.Francaise de l'Est Asiatique, 1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine in Mediterranean. 6,163
Antinous 1913 ex- Wachtfels (Hansa Line), 1921 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Antinous, 1931 scrapped. 7,133
Aquilon 1969 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1981 sold to Liberia renamed Horncap. 4,413
Aramis (1) 1922 delivery refused by MM and re-engined, 1926 recommissioned as Chenonceaux, 1944 seized by Germans at Marseilles and scuttled, 1948 raised and scrapped. 14,825
Aramis (2) 1932 1940 taken over by Japan renamed Teia Maru, 1944 torpedoed and sunk by US submarine. 17,537
Ardour 1889 1912 lost near Saint Suzanne Light, Reunion. 3,789
Arethuse 1864 1891 scrapped. 1,109
Armand Behic 1891 1924 scrapped. 6,635
Astrolabe 1921 ex- Saint Augustin, 1930 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Astrolabe, 1935 sold to Italy renamed Capo Lena. 5,106
Athos (1) 1915 1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine near Malta; loss of 754 lives. 12,692
Athos (2) 1926 1942 taken over by the Allies at Casablanca, 1946 returned to France, mostly trooping, 1959 scrapped. 15,275
Atlantique 1900 1921 renamed Angkor, 1933 scrapped. 6,479
Aunis 1860 1882 scrapped. 1,050
Auray 1944 1949 transferred from French Line, 1961 sold to Israel renamed Israel Pan. 7,176
Australien 1890 1918 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine in Mediterranean. 6,570
Ava 1870 1900 scrapped. 3,361
Aventin 1856 1856 wrecked off Elba on maiden voyage. 625
Aviateur Roland Garros 1902 ex- Lucie Woermann (Woermann Line), 1923 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Aviateur Roland Garros, 1931 scrapped. 4,729
Azay-le-Rideau 1910 ex- General (Deutsche Ost-Aftika Line), 1923 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Azay-le-Rideau, 1936 scrapped. 8,063
Bagdad 1891 ex- Athenai, 1895 purchased from Panhellenic S.S.Co, Piraeus renamed Bagdad, Madagascar coastal service, 1935 wrecked on Madagascar coast. 2,492
Balkan 1858 1874 scrapped. 630
Basque 1892 ex- Antisana, 1910 purchased from Pacific Steam Navigation Co. renamed Basque, 1920 scrapped. 3,621
Bearn 1860 1865 wrecked off Pointe Hanos, Brazil. 2,470
Beauvais 1943 1950 transferred from French Line, 1961 transferred to Cie.Nantaises des Chargeurs de l'Ouest renamed Jules Verne. 7,176
Bernadin de Saint-Pierre 1925 1942 taken over by Japan renamed Teibi Maru, 1943 torpedoed and sunk by US submarine. 10,268
Bir Hakeim 1945 ex- Empire Gala, 1946 taken over renamed Bir Hakeim, 1958 sold to Liberia renamed Marionga Maris. 9,171
Borysthene 1853 ex- Brasiliera, 1854 purchased from South American & General S.N.Co, Liverpool renamed Borysthene, 1865 wrecked on Island of Plane en route Marseilles - Oran. 1,100
Bosphore (1) 1846 1866 scrapped. 461
Bosphore (2) 1889 ex- Canton, 1903 purchased from P & O Line renamed Bosphore, 1920 scrapped 3,503
Boussole 1920 ex- Saint Eloi, 1930 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Boussole, 1935 sold to Chile renamed Arauco. 5,123
Bresil 1888 South America service, 1903 renamed Dumbea, Australia service, 1928 scrapped. 5,809
Bresle 1945 1945 transferred from French Line, later returned. 3,807
Brest 1943 1950 transferred from French Line, 1960 sold to Panama renamed Galaxy. 7,181
Breton 1886 ex- Albano, 1910 purchased from Hamburg America Line renamed Breton, 1917 mined and sunk off Tunisia. 3,758
Briancon 1943 ex- John Colter, 1947 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Briancon, 1960 sold to Lebanon renamed Zephyros. 7,278
Bucephale 1925 ex- Saint Andre, 1932 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Bucephale, 1937 wrecked New Hebrides. 902
Cachar 1883 1904 taken over with Cie.Nationale de Navigation, 1914 scrapped. 3,645
Caire 1843 1866 scrapped. 806
Caledonien (1) 1882 1914 taken over as troopship, 1917 mined and sunk off Port Said; loss of 51 lives. 4,170
Caledonien (2) 1952 1972 sold to Cyprus renamed Nisos Kypros. 12,712
Cambodge (1)   see Cerdagne.  
Cambodge (2) 1953 1969 sold to Sun Line, Piraeus (Holland America Line subsidiary) renamed Stella V, later Stella Solaris. 13,217
Caobang 1902 1904 taken over with Cie.Nationale de Navigation, 1906 ashore in fog at Poulo Condore, total loss. 6,762
Capitaine Faure 1917 1933 laid up, 1936 scrapped. 8,055
Capitole 1854 1873 sold at Singapore. 498
Carmel 1854 1858 on River Plate - Rio feeder service, 1876 scrapped. 932
Caucase 1898 ex- Mandalay, 1910 purchased from P. Henderson, Glasgow renamed Caucase, 1923 scrapped. 4,126
Centaure 1960 tanker, 1962 sold to Cie.de Transports Maritimes, Dunkirk renamed Champs Elysees 32,740
Cephee 1912 ex- Buenos Aires (Hamburg South America Line), 1922 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Cephee, 1935 scrapped. 9,680
Cephise 1857 1863 wrecked Planier Reef en route Marseilles - Oran. 800
Cerdagne 1861 renamed and completed as Cambodge, 1887 converted to cargo only, 1902 scrapped. 2,205
Chambord 1903 ex- Cap Ortegal (Hamburg South America Line), 1923 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Chambord, 1932 scrapped. 7,563
Champollion 1925 1942 taken over by the Allies managed by P & O Line, 1946 returned to MM, 1952 ashore at Beirut, total loss. 12,263
Changchow 1951 1951 chartered from China Navigation Co., 1952 returned to owners. 9,403
Chantilly 1922 ex- Kerguelen (Chargeurs Reunis), 1923 purchased by French Gov't and transferred to MM renamed Chantilly, 1941 captured by Allies, 1945 returned to MM, 1949 laid up, 1951 scrapped. 9,896
Charente 1889 1911 scrapped. 3,775
Charles Tellier 1951 1962 transferred from Cie.des Nav. Sud-Atlantique, Bordeaux, 1967 sold to Hong Kong owners (Panama flag) renamed Le Havre Abeto. 12,007
Chef Mecanicien Mailhol 1917 ex- War Admiral*, 1920 purchased from the Shipping Controller, renamed Chef Mecanicien Mailhol, 1936 sold to J. Papadeus renamed Maleas 5,709
Cheliff 1855 1875 sold to Turkey. 715
Chili 1895 1927 scrapped. 6,375
Chungking 1950 1950 chartered from China Navigation Co., 1952 returned to owners. 9,393
Claude Chappe 1909 ex- Patris, 1925 purchased from National Steam Navigation Co of Greece renamed Claude Chappe, 1939 scrapped. 4,400
Clyde 1854 ex- Clutha, 1855 purchased from builder renamed Clyde, 1880 scrapped. 763
Colombo 1882 1904 taken over with Cie.Nationale de Navigation, 1910 disabled by typhoon and towed to Tourane, condemned and scrapped. 3,731
Commandant Dorise 1917 1941 under Vichy control but captured by Allies, 1944 returned to MM, 1951 sold to Greece renamed Maro. 5,528
Commandante Mages 1917 ex- War Wolf*, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller, renamed Commandante Mages, 1938 transferred to Cie.France Navigation renamed Saint Malo. 5,709
Commissaire Pierre Lecoq 1917 ex- War Prince*, 1919 purchased from the Shipping Controller, renamed Commissaire Pierre Lecoq, 1937 sold to Kulukundis, Greece renamed Mount Pelion. 5,704
Commissaire Ramel 1920 1926 converted to passenger ship, 1940 sunk in Indian Ocean by German surface raider Atlantis. 10,061
Compiegne 1923 ex- Jamaique (Chargeurs Reunis), 1923 purchased by French Gov't and transferred to MM renamed Compiegne, 1941 captured by the Allies, 1945 returned to MM, 1954 scrapped. 9,896
Congo 1878 1913 scrapped. 3,897
Copernic 1862 ex- Copernicus, 1864 purchased from Lamport & Holt Line renamed Copernic, 1890 scrapped. 1,548
Cordillere 1896 1925 scrapped. 6,379
Cordouan 1884 1911 scrapped. 4,170
Courseulles 1944 1948 transferred from French Line, 1959 transferred to Cie. Delmas et Vieljeux. 7,212
Crimee 1889 ex- Shanghai, 1903 purchased from P & O Line renamed Crimee, 1923 scrapped. 3,501
Cydnus 1856 1875 scrapped. 1,196
Danube (1) 1855 1878 scrapped. 1,143
Danube (2) 1889 ex- Bombay, 1903 purchased from P & O Line renamed Danube, 1923 scrapped. 3,508
D'Artagnan 1924 1940 Vichy control, 1942 requisitioned by Japanese renamed Teiko Maru, 1944 torpedoed and sunk by US submarine. 15,205
Delta 1862 1864 purchased from W. S. Bailey, Hull, 1891 sprang leak and sank off Annam. 1,273
Djemnah 1875 1918 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off Crete while trooping; loss of 442 lives. 3,785
Docteur Pierre Benoit 1918 1937 sold to Kukukundis, Greece renamed Mount Kassion. 8,231
Donai (1)   see Andalousie.  
Donai (2) 1953 ex- Hoegh Clipper, 1954 purchased from Leif Hoegh & Co, Oslo, renamed Donai, 1967 sold to Liberia renamed Plate Master. 9,477
Dordogne 1888 1911 scrapped. 3,723
Douro 1889 1910 grounded Madagascar, total loss. 2,697
Dumont D'Urville (1) 1899 ex- Wilcannia (P & O), ex-Shinkoku Maru, 1917 purchased from Japan by French Gov't renamed Dumont D'Urville, 1919 taken over by MM, 1922 renamed Andre Chenier, 1925 scrapped. 5,145
Dumont d'Urville (2) 1918 ex- Gia Long, 1930 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Dumont d'Urville, 1936 sold to Moller Line, Shanghai renamed Joan Moller. 2,019
Dupleix (1) 1862 1888 sold to J,C.Ellis, Sydney renamed Jubilee. 1,620
Dupleix (2) 1897 1928 scrapped. 2,394
Ebre 1868 1893 scrapped. 1,758
Egyptus 1843 1858 stranded near Trabzon, total loss. 870
Equateur 1875 1914-1918 trapped in Black Sea by Turkey, became Russian Hospital Ship, 1922 scrapped. 3,914
Eridan (1) 1866 1905 scrapped. 1,685
Eridan (2) 1929 1942 captured by US troops off Oran, 1951 resumed commercial service, 1956 scrapped. 9,927
Ermine 1864 1884 sold to Cie.Tandjong Pagar for use as pontoon. 1,154
Ernest Simons 1893 1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine in Mediterranean. 4,562
Erymanthe 1862 1895 sold to Cie.de Nav.Mixte. 1,986
Espana 1881 1898 purchased from M. Reyes, Manila, Indo-China feeder service, (MM records this ship as SAIGON (2) but she never appears to have been officially renamed), 1899 wrecked. 929
Esperance 1923 ex- Saint Luc, 1930 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Esperance, 1940 captured by the Allies, 1945 returned to MM, 1956 sold to Panama renamed Bella. 5,072
Estamadura 1860 1872 converted from paddle steamer to 2700 ton screw steamer renamed Mendoza, 1891 scrapped. 2,132
Etienne de Flacourt 1914 ex- Yalta, 1926 purchased from NGL renamed Etienne de Flacourt, 1928 renamed Gouverneur General Piquet, 1931 transferred to Soc. Maritime Indochinoise, Diego-Suarez, 1934 returned to MM renamed Sargasse, 1938 sold to Cottaropoulos & Canallas, Marseilles renamed La Marsa. Sargasse. 1,495
Euphrate (1) 1854 ex- Menura, built for Australian Pacific Mail S.P.Co, 1854 purchased renamed Euphrate, 1887 scrapped. 1,643
Euphrate (2) 1905 1915 ashore Socotra Island, total loss. 6,876
Euphrate (3) 1955 1973 sold to Panama renamed Elsey Fir. 7,030
Eurotas 1836 1854 grounded at Alexandria, total loss. 620
Explorateur Grandidier 1925 1944 scuttled by retreating Germans at Marseilles. 10,268
Falaise 1944 1948 transferred from French Line, chartered to Fabre Line, 1964 scrapped. 7,257
Felix Roussel 1930 1940 Free French control, 1946 reverted to MM, 1955 sold to Arosa Line renamed Arosa Sun. 16,774
Ferdinand de Lesseps 1952 1968 sold to Greece renamed Delphi. 12,731
Fontainbleu 1924 ex- Islande (Chargeurs Reunis), 1923 purchased by French Gov't and transferred to MM renamed Fontainbleu, 1926 destroyed by fire at Djibouti. 9,896
Gallieni 1954 1973 sold to Panama renamed Eastern Rise. 4,720
Gange (1) 1854 ex- Black Swan, built for Australian Pacific Mail S.P.Co, 1854 purchased renamed Gange, 1887 scrapped. 1,483
Gange (2) 1905 1917 mined and sunk off Bizerta. 6,876
Gange (3) 1953 1973 scrapped. 6,930
Gascogne 1924 1952 transferred from French Line, 1955 scrapped. 5,187
Gaudiana 1888 1922 scrapped. 2,614
General Duchesne (1) 1902 ex- Schleswig (North German Lloyd), 1920 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed General Duchesne, 1932 scrapped. 7,290
General Duchesne (2) 1913 ex- Maroussio Logothetis, 1940 purchased from Goulandris Bros, Greece renamed General Duchesne, 1942 captured by British and reverted to Maroussio Logothetis. 1943 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off Freetown. 4,669
General Metzinger 1906 ex- Cap Vilano (Hamburg South America Line) 1924 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed General Metzinger, 1940 bombed and sunk in Le Havre Roads. 9,346
General Voyron 1905 ex- Prinzessin (Deutsche Ost-Afrika Line), 1920 awarded to Britain as war reparations, 1922 acquired by MM renamed General Voyron, 1934 scrapped. 6,267
Georges Philippar 1930 1932 caught fire and sank near Cape Guardafui; loss of 54 lives. 17,539
Gironde 1869 1906 scrapped. 3,261
Godavery (1) 1863 1898 scrapped. 1,423
Godavery (2) 1955 1976 sold to Liberia renamed Liliane. 6,936
Gouverneur General Piquet   see Etienne de Flacourt.  
Grenoble 1942 ex- Henry George, 1947 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Grenoble, 1961 sold to Panama renamed St. James. 7,176
Guadalquivir 1888 1903 set on fire by saboteur's bomb after leaving Salonika, returned to port, towed to Marseilles and scrapped. 2,598
Guienne 1860 1872 converted from paddle steamer to 2700 ton screw steamer renamed Gambie, 1873 wrecked Bahia. (picture) 1,945
Haiphong 1885 stationed at Saigon, 1923 sold renamed Kum Wah. 1,546
Hellespont 1846 1859 grounded near Naples, total loss. 460
Henry IV 1854 1856 purchased from Baxin & Leon Gay, 1861 holed by rock off Trabzon and sank. 683
Hermus 1857 1861 grounded at Valence, 1880 sold to breakers. 778
Himalaya 1903 1917 sank near Bizerta after explosion in ammunition storage area; loss of 36 lives. 6,002
Hooghly 1868 1878 aground and lost near Montevideo. 2,788
Hydaspe 1853 ex- Lusitania, 1854 purchased from South American & General S.N.Co, Liverpool renamed Hydaspe, 1864 wrecked Singapore. 967
Ilissus 1865 1888 sold at Saigon. 1,173
Imerina (1) 1899 ex- Sparta, 1914 purchased from Hamburg America Line renamed Imerina, 1932 lost on Madagascar coast. 2,830
Imerina (2) 1953 1970 sold to Cyprus renamed Nana P. 4,718
Indus (1) 1854 ex- Dinornis, built for Australian Pacific Mail S.P.Co, 1854 purchased renamed Indus. 1884 scrapped. 1,643
Indus (2) 1897 Far East service, 1904 renamed Magellan, South America service, 1916 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine near Pantellaria. 6,357
Indus (3) 1951 1973 sold to Panama renamed Encilla. 6,919
Irouaddy (1) 1873 1906 converted to immigrant ship for South America service renamed Esmeralda, 1908 scrapped. 3,533
Irouaddy (2) 1953 1973 scrapped. 6,929
Ispahan 1900 ex- Arracan, 1910 purchased from P. Henderson, Glasgow renamed Ispahan, 1923 scrapped. 4,170
Jean Laborde (1) 1931 1944 scuttled at Marseilles by retreating Germans, 1946 raised and scrapped. 11,414
Jean Laborde (2) 1953 1970 sold to Greece renamed Mykinai. 10,944
Jourdain 1855 1863 grounded at Beirut, broke in two. 814
Kangourou 1970 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1987 scrapped. 26,437
Kantara 1904 1926 scrapped. 6,879
Korrigan 1973 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1992 renamed C.G.M. Korrigan, 1995 renamed Nedlloyd Korrigan, 1999 transferred to Greece. 57,249
Kouang Si (1) 1903 1904 taken over with Cie.Francaise de l'Est Asiatique, 1922 scrapped. 6,472
Kouang Si (2) 1900 ex- Pytheas, 1929 purchased from M. Valoussiere, Marseilles renamed Kouang Si, 1936 scrapped. 5,692
Kouang Si (3) 1957 1977 scrapped. 6,991
La Bourdonnais (1) 1862 1896 scrapped. 1,582
La Bourdonnais (2) 1951 1968 sold to Greece renamed Knossus. 10,944
La Natal 1956 1976 sold to Liberia renamed Trapi. 7,051
La Plata 1888 South America service, 1903 renamed Nera, Australia service, 1923 scrapped. 5,824
La Seyne 1873 ex- Etoile du Chili, 1876 purchased from Soc.Germain Freres renamed La Seyne, 1909 sank in collision with British India S.N.Co ship Onda near Singapore. 2,379
Laennec 1952 1962 transferred from Cie.des Nav. Sud-Atlantique, Bordeaux, 1966 sold to Hong Kong owners (Panama flag) renamed Belle Abeto. 12,007
Lamartine 1914 ex- Republikatec (Russian), 1921 purchased by MM renamed Lamartine, 1939 renamed Khaidinh, 1942 sunk in Along Bay by US air attack. 5,153
Laos (1) 1896 Far East service, 1904 renamed Amazone, South America service, 1932 scrapped. 6,357
Laos (2) 1903 1904 taken over with Cie.Francaise de l'Est Asiatique, 1907 grounded at mouth of River Loire, broke in two. 6,367
Laos (3) 1952 1970 sold to Panama renamed Empress Abeto. 12,080
Le Myre de Villers 1918 ex- Pera, 1926 purchased from North German Lloyd renamed Le Myre de Villers, 1928 transferred to Cie.Maritime Indo-Chinois renamed Governeur General Paul Doumer. 1,467
Le Verdon 1943 1952 transferred from Cie.de Transports-Oceaniques, 1962 scrapped. 7,254
Leconte de Lisle 1922 1942 seized by Japan at Saigon renamed Teiritu Maru, 1944 sunk by Japanese mine, 1948 raised and repaired, 1950 returned to France, 1956 scrapped. 9,877
Leonidas 1836 1858 scrapped. 623
Les Glieres 1944 ex- Royal S. Copeland, 1946 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Les Glieres, 1959 sold to Lebanon renamed Nitric. 7,296
Liban 1854 1854 grounded near Malaga on delivery voyage, total loss. 978
Licorne Atlantique 1973 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1988 sold to Panama renamed Mushashi Spirit. 131,619
Licorne Pacifique 1974 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1990 sold to Swiss owners. 132,809
Lieutenant de la Tour 1917 ex- War Queen*, 1920 purchased from the Shipping Controller, renamed Lieutenant de la Tour, 1951 sold to Greece renamed Cleophie Ioanna. 5,700
Lieutenant de Missiessy 1917 1932 scrapped. 5,747
Lieutenant Saint-Loubert-Bie 1911 ex- Mannheim (Deutsche-Australische Line), 1922 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Lieutenant Saint-Loubert-Bie, 1940 Vichy control, 1941 captured by Allies, 1945 returned to MM, 1950 mined in Saigon River, condemned and srapped. 6,147
Louis Lumiere 1951 1962 transferred from Chargeurs Reunis, 1967 sold to Hong Kong owners (Panama flag) renamed Mei Abeto. 12,358
Louqsor (1) 1843 1864 scrapped. 812
Louqsor (2) 1904 1930 scrapped. 6,889
Lycurgue 1836 1857 scrapped. 688
Malais 1959 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Panama renamed Brunella. 7,475
Manche 1887 1923 scrapped. 2,935
Maori 1959 1971 capsized and sank in Atlantic after cargo shifted. (1 survivor) 7,474
Marania 1949 ex- Tafna, 1964 purchased from Cie.de Navigation Mixte renamed Marania, 1967 sold to Gothong & Co, Cebu renamed Dona Rita. 2,063
Marechal Gallieni (1) 1901 ex- Cassel (North German Lloyd), 1921 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Marechal Gallieni, 1926 scrapped. 7,543
Marechal Gallieni (2) 1912 ex- Moewe, 1927 purchased from Argo Line, Bremen, renamed Marechal Gallieni, 1954 scrapped. 1,559
Marechal Joffre 1933 1941 handed to the USA, renamed Rochambeau, 1945 returned to MM reverted to Marechal Joffre, 1960 scrapped. 11,732
Marechal Petain 1944 launched but scuttled in German retreat, 1947 raised and renamed La Marseillaise, 1949 entered service, 1957 sold to Arosa Line renamed Arosa Sky. 17,408
Mariette Pacha 1926 1944 crew exploded two bombs which split the ship in two, 1946 raised and scrapped. 12,263
Marion Dufresne 1973 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1995 renamed Marion, 1995 sold to Malta renamed Fres. 6,640
Mariotte 1968 1969 purchased from Gaz Ocean S.A., 1976 sold to Italy renamed Capo Ovest. 10,779
Marquisien 1959 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Panama renamed Patricia S. 7,475
Martiniquais 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Cia.Naviera Gir of S.A, renamed Rafaela. 7,475
Matapan 1884 1910 scrapped. 3,613
Mauricien 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 scrapped. 7,475
Meandre 1855 1883 scrapped. 967
Mecanicien Donzel 1917 1918 torpedoed and sunk off Corsica. 8,225
Medoc 1884 1914 destroyed by fire in Royal Albert Dock, London. 3,613
Meikong 1870 1877 ashore Cape Guardafui, Red Sea, total loss. 3,370
Meinam (1) 1863 1893 sold at Saigon, converted to sailing ship. 1,580
Meinam (2) 1907 1934 scrapped. 5,443
Meinam (3) 1949 1967 sold to Panama renamed Grand Abeto. 8,536
Mekong 1949 1965 sold to Indonesia renamed Djatimulia. 8,267
Melanesien 1926 ex- Bianca C, ex-Indrapoera (Rotterdam Lloyd), 1958 chartered from Cia.Genovese d'Armemente, Genoa, 1963 scrapped. 10,825
Melbourne 1881 1921 scrapped. 3,998
Memphis 1892 ex- Bizanthion, 1895 purchased from Panhellenic S.S.Co, Piraeus renamed Memphis, Madagascar coastal service, 1916 mined, towed to Durazzo and abandoned. 2,492
Mentor 1836 1857 scrapped. 662
Menzaleh 1865 1887 aground Saddle Island en route Shanghai - Yokohama, total loss; no loss of life 1,735
Merovee 1847 1854 purchased from Bazin & Perier, Marseilles, 1866 scrapped. 557
Mersey 1854 1870 scrapped. 939
Min 1913 ex- Java (Deutsche-Australische Line, Hamburg), 1920 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Min, 1942 seized by Germans at Bizerta, transferred to Italian flag, 1943 renamed Conegliano, sunk by Allied air attack on Genoa. 7,729
Mitidjah 1855 1870 sold to Florio, Italy renamed Florio. 715
Moeris 1863 1869 lengthened and rebuilt to 1829 tons, 1890 scrapped. 1,740
Moheli 1963 ex- Chatwood, 1969 purchased from France Fenwick & Co renamed Moheli, 1977 sold to Liberia renamed Sincerity 9,483
Monkay 1944 ex- Empire Rawlinson, 1946 taken over from MOWT renamed Monkay, 1958 sold to Greece renamed Dimitros. 9,912
Moonie 1954 1976 sold to Cyprus renamed Gabriel V. 6,936
Moroni 1971 ex- Langon 1971 purchased from Cie. d'Orbigny renamed Moroni, 1978 sold to Liberia renamed Pontevedra. 8,677
Mortain 1943 1948 transferred from French Line, 1961 transferred to Soc.Navale Caennaise. 7,240
Mossoul 1898 ex- Olenda, 1913 purchased from Elder Dempster & Co renamed Mossoul, 1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off Pantellaria. 3,175
Mozambique (1) 1864 1891 scrapped. 1,154
Mozambique (2) 1959 original name / owners not known, 1968 purchased and renamed Mozambique, 1976 sold to Singapore renamed Kota Mewah. 7,027
Mpanjaka 1889 Madagascar feeder service, 1916 sold to Soc.Charbonnages du Tonkin renamed Saint Louis. 685
Nantes 1943 ex- William S. Young, 1946 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Nantes, 1960 Sold to Liberia renamed Tajo. 7,176
Natal 1881 1917 sunk in collision with French ship Malgache while in convoy. 4,106
Navarre 1860 1872 converted from paddle steamer to 2735 ton screw steamer renamed Rio Grande, 1892 scrapped. 2,100
Nerthe 1874 ex- Lessing, 1888 purchased from Hamburg America Line renamed Nerthe, 1901 scrapped. 3,718
Neva 1858 1875 lost near Batavia, Dutch East Indies. 1,085
Nieman 1865 1893 sank off Trincomalee after propeller shaft broke adrift. 1,585
Niger 1871 1913 stranded at Tschesmieh, Turkey and scrapped. 3,726
Nil (1) 1843 1861 scrapped. 837
Nil (2) 1864 1874 hit submerged rock and sank in Inland Sea, Japan; loss of 142 lives. 1,734
Normand 1893 ex- Sarmiento, 1910 purchased from Pacific Steam Navigation Co. renamed Normand, 1923 scrapped. 3,634
Oceanien (1) 1884 1922 scrapped. 4,162
Oceanien (2) 1938 ex- Noordam (Holland America Line), chartered and renamed Oceanien, 1967 scrapped. 10,726
Oistreham 1943 1953 transferred from Soc.Navale Caennaise, Havre, 1955 transferred to Soc. Dreyfus. 7,176
Oregon 1929 1950 transferred from French Line on charter, 1955 returned to French Line, sold to Panama renamed Pacific Harmony. 7,706
Orenoque 1874 1925 scrapped. 3,910
Oronte 1846 1866 scrapped. 460
Ortegal 1884 1906 scrapped. 3,656
Osiris 1843 1866 scrapped. 874
Oxus 1879 1914 trapped in Black Sea by Turkey, became Russian hospital ship, 1918 scuttled at Novorossisk to avoid capture by German troops. 3,791
Oyonnax (1) 1943 ex- Wilbur O. Atwater, 1948 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Oyonnax, 1959 sold to Lebanon renamed Leonidas Voyazides. 7,176
Oyonnax (2) 1965 1971 sold to Portugal renamed Frigomar. 3,551
Pacifique (1) 1899 1925 scrapped. 1,938
Pacifique (2)   see Viet Nam.  
Parana 1876 1877 lost off Bahia. 3,928
Pasteur 1966 1972 sold to Shipping Corporation of India renamed Chidambaram. 17,986
Patria 1914 1932 chartered from Fabre Line, 1940 purchased from Fabre Line, 1940 destroyed by sabotage at Haifa; loss of 279 lives. 11,885
Paul Lecat 1911 1928 caught fire at Marseilles and burnt out, 1929 scrapped. 12,989
Pausilippe 1857 1872 scrapped. 689
Pei-Ho (1) 1870 1902 scrapped. 3,392
Pei-Ho (2) 1907 1934 scrapped. 5,443
Pei-Ho (3) 1951 1957 aground at Casablanca, total loss. 8,606
Peluse 1863 1869 lengthened and rebuilt to 1829 tons, 1891 scrapped. 1,744
Pericles 1852 1871 scrapped. 465
Persepolis 1889 ex- Brandenburg, 1896 purchased from Liverpool & Maranham S.S.Co, Liverpool renamed Persepolis, 1922 scrapped. 1,637
Pharamond 1848 1854 purchased from Bazin & Perier, Marseilles, 1859 wrecked at Trabzon. 401
Phase 1857 1879 scrapped. 1,043
Philippe Auguste 1845 1854 purchased from Bazin & Perier, Marseilles, 1862 sold to V. Florio, Italy. 461
Pierre Loti (1) 1913 ex- Emperor Nicholas I (Russian), 1921 purchased by MM renamed Pierre Loti, 1940 seized by Free French, managed by Blue Funnel Line, 1943 grounded in Gabon estuary, total loss. 5,144
Pierre Loti (2) 1953 1970 sold to Greece renamed Olympia. 10,945
Polynesie 1954 1976 sold to Singapore renamed Golden Glory. 3,709
Polynesien (1) 1890 1918 torpedoed and sunk while at anchor at Malta by German submarine. 6,363
Polynesien (2) 1930 ex- Migreta, 1938 purchased from Ta Chen Nav.Co, Shanghai renamed Polynesien, 1955 scrapped. 1,422
Porthos 1915 1942 sunk during Allied landings at Casablanca. 12,633
Portugal 1886 1914 trapped in Black Sea by Turkey, became Russian hospital ship, 1916 torpedoed and sunk in Batum roads while at anchor by German submarine, while displaying red cross markings (many dead) 5,335
President Doumer 1935 1940 taken over by Allies, 1942 torpedoed and sunk off Madeira by German submarine; loss of 260 lives. 11,898
Provence 1860 renamed on stocks and launched as Imperatrice, 1870 reverted to Provence, 1881 rammed and sunk at Constantinople by Russian steamer Azoff. 2,188
Providence 1914 1932 chartered from Fabre Line, 1943 purchased from Fabre Line, 1951 scrapped. 11,996
Quirinal 1857 1871 scrapped. 787
Recherche 1923 ex- Saint Roch, 1930 purchased from Cie.Navale et Commerciale de l'Oceanie renamed Recherche, 1935 sold to Italy renamed Capo Olmo. 4,888
Rion 1863 ex- Prorok Moisei, 1864 purchased from Popovitch & Co, Odessa renamed Rion, Odessa feeder ship, 1867 sold. 420
Saghalien 1880 1915 scuttled at Seddul Bahr to form a mole for the Dardanelles landings. 4,050
Sagittaire 1930 ex- Washington, 1938 transferred from French Line renamed Sagittaire, 1954 sold to Panama renamed Pacific Glory. 7,706
Said 1863 1869 lengthened and rebuilt to 1829 tons, 1890 scrapped. 1,740
Saigon 1882 Indo-China feeder service, 1894 wrecked Indo-China. 1,275
Saint Andre 1921 ex- Santa Fe (Hamburg South America Line), 1939 captured by France renamed Saint Andre, 1940 returned to Germany reverted to Santa Fe. 4,627
Sainte-Mere-Eglise 1942 1948 transferred from French Line, 1961 transferred to Soc.Navale Caennaise. 7,251
Saint-Marcouf 1945 1950 transferred from French Line, 1959 sold to Liberia renamed Springwater. 7,176
Saint-Nazaire 1943 ex- Emma Willard, 1947 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Saint-Nazaire, 1960 sold to Greece renamed Aghia Sophia. 7,176
Saintonge 1859 1880 scrapped. 1,049
Saint-Valery 1943 ex- Saint-Valery-en-Caux, 1948 transferred from French Line renamed Saint-Valery, 1956 reverted to Saint-Valery-en-Caux, 1961 returned to State owned Soc.Marine Nationale. 7,180
Salazie 1882 1912 wrecked Madagascar in cyclone. 4,147
Sargasse   see Etienne de Flacourt.  
Scamandre (1) 1836 1858 scrapped. 689
Scamandre (2) 1868 1885 sunk in collision with MM steamer Ortegal off Almeria. 1,805
Senegal 1870 1913 damaged at Smyrna by explosion, condemned and scrapped. 3,556
Sestoris 1836 1852 transferred to the French Navy. 644
Si Kiang (1) 1915 ex- Meiningen (North German Lloyd), 1920 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Si Kiang, 1940 under Vichy control, 1941 seized by USA at Manila, sunk by Japanese air attack. 6,852
Si Kiang (2) 1957 1978 sold to Greece renamed Takis H. 6,998
Sidon 1891 ex- Sparta, 1895 purchased from Panhellenic S.S.Co, Piraeus renamed Sidon, Madagascar - Reunion feeder service, 1922 scrapped. 2,492
Simois 1853 1875 scrapped. 1,340
Sinai (1) 1854 1875 scrapped. 883
Sinai (2) 1898 1916 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine near Pantellaria while rescuing survivors from Magellan. 4,624
Sindh (1) 1869 1901 scrapped. 3,373
Sindh (2) 1956 1967 trapped in Suez Canal after Egypt-Israel War, 1975 freed and sold to Saudi Arabia renamed Badr, 1976 scrapped. 7,051
Song Be 1949 ex- Louis Frederic Dewulf, 1953 purchased from Soc.Dunkerquoise D'Armement, Dunkirk renamed Song Be, 1967 sold to Panama renamed Chica. 708
Sontay (1) 1907 1917 torpedoed and sunk between Sardinia and Sicily with troops; loss of 49 lives. 7,236
Sontay (2) 1921 1949 acquired from French Gov't for use as troopship, 1955 sold to Panama renamed Sunlock. 8,917
Sphinx (1) 1835 ex- Britannia, 1840 acquired by France from General Steam Navigation Co in compensation for ramming and sinking the French steamer Phenix, renamed Sphinx. 1854 acquired by MM, 1861 scrapped. 233
Sphinx (2) 1915 1941 under Vichy control, 1944 sunk by US air attack at Genoa. 11,375
Strasbourg 1943 1952 transferred from Cie.de Transports-Oceaniques, 1959 sold to Lebanon renamed Mantric. 7,255
Sully 1854 1856 purchased from Baxin & Leon Gay, 1861 wrecked Trabzon. 680
Sydney 1882 1922 scrapped. 4,128
Tage (1) 1837 1854 purchased from Soc.des Paquetbots Havre-Portugal, 1860 scrapped. 757
Tage (2) 1866 1886 wrecked on coast of Madagascar. 1,691
Tahitien 1953 1972 sold to Cyprus renamed Atalante. 12,613
Tamise (1) 1854 1880 scrapped. 717
Tamise (2) 1886 1904 lost in North Nha Trang Channel, Indo-China. 2,286
Tanais 1867 1901 sold at Nagasaki to M. Ginsburg & Co. 1,682
Tancrede 1836 1858 hulked at Constantinople. 681
Taurus (1) 1858 1875 scrapped. 619
Taurus (2) 1945 ex- Pontotoc, 1947 acquired from US Maritime Commission renamed Taurus, 1960 sold to Morocco renamed Tadjera. 3,805
Telemarque 1844 1865 scrapped. 605
Tellier 1974 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1993 CGM share sold to Messigaz. 27,426
Thabor (1) 1853 1869 was in the first convoy to pass through the new Suez Canal, 1870 sold to Japan. 715
Thabor (2) 1945 ex- Apollo, 1952 purchased from H. Andersen, Kristiansand renamed Thabor, 1960 sold to Saigon renamed Etienne Denis. 3,805
Theophile Gautier 1927 1941 torpedoed and sunk by British submarine in Aegean Sea. 8,194
Tibre 1866 1902 scrapped. 1,689
Tigre (1) 1862 1879 lengthened and rebuilt to 3197 tons, 1887 converted to cargo ship, 1904 scrapped. 2,746
Tigre (2) 1956 1975 sold to Hong Kong renamed Siam Rainbow. 7,051
Tonkin 1898 1912 renamed Lotus, 1932 scrapped. 6,092
Vanoise 1961 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Panama renamed Char Ly. 7,508
Var 1964 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Char Yeung. 7,508
Vatican 1854 1873 scrapped. 466
Vaucluse 1965 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Char Kwei. 7,508
Velay 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Char Hang. 7,508
Ventoux 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Panama renamed Corinna. 7,508
Vercours 1942 ex- Benjamin H. Latrobe, 1947 purchased from US War Shipping Administration renamed Vercours, 1961 returned to State owned Soc.Marine Nationale. 7,220
Vienne 1964 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1979 sold to Panama renamed Char Kang. 7,508
Viet Nam 1953 1967 renamed Pacifique, 1970 sold to Panama renamed Princess Abeto. 13,160
Ville d'Amiens 1924 1953 scrapped. 6,975
Ville de Bordeaux 1837 1855 purchased from Caussac & Vautier, 1855 rammed and sunk Piraeus harbour. 250
Ville de Ciotat 1892 1915 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off Crete; loss of 81 lives. 6,631
Ville de Pernambuco 1882 1905 purchased from Chargeurs Reunis, Madagascar coastal service, 1907 scrapped. 2,153
Ville de Strasbourg 1920 1941 seized by Allies, 1945 returned to MM, 1952 scrapped. 7,398
Ville de Verdun 1920 1942 seized by Japan at Saigon renamed Ateison Maru, 1942 torpedoed and sunk by US submarine. 7,007
Vivrais 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Greece renamed White Rose. 7,504
Volga 1864 1894 sold to China Merchants Co, Saigon, became storage hulk at Amoy. 1,610
Vosges 1960 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1978 sold to Greece renamed Paulina. 7,508
Yalou (1) 1914 ex- Raimund (Roland Line, Bremen), 1920 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Yalou, 1940 seized by Germans at Marseilles, 1942 transferred to Italy renamed Rovereto, 1943 burned at Bizerta. 8,597
Yalou (2) 1958 1976 sold to Greece renamed Georgios K. 6,998
Yang-Tse (1) 1877 1911 scrapped. 3,792
Yang-Tse (2) 1915 ex- Remschied (North German Lloyd), 1920 awarded to MM as war reparations renamed Yang Tse, 1940 seized by Germans at Bordeaux, returned to NDL and renamed Markobrunner, 1945 returned to MM and reverted to Yang-Tse, 1957 sold to Delmas-Vieljeux renamed Saintes. 8,005
Yang-Tse (3) 1958 1976 scrapped. 6,998
Yarra (1) 1883 1917 torpedoed and sunk by German submarine in Mediterranean. 4,142
Yarra (2) 1956 1976 sold to Liberia renamed Nestor Glory. 7,051
Yorouba 1883 1885 purchased from Cie.du Senegal de l'Ouest Afrique, Bordeaux, 1888 wrecked on Guernsey, Channel Islands. 1,849
Yunnan 1903 1904 taken over with Cie.Francaise de l'Est Asiatique, 1915 torpedoed by German submarine off Milos, repaired and sold to Hellenic Transport S.S.Co, Piraeus, renamed Ionopolis. 6,474
Zambeze 1970 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1987 sold to Thailand renamed Hai Hua. 13,208
Zeebrugge 1971 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1986 sold to Cyprus renamed Ocean Champion. 13,208
Zelande 1972 1977 transferred to new Cie Generale Maritime, 1983 transferred to Cie de Nav.d'Orbigny (a subsidiary company), 1987 sold to Thailand renamed Hai Soong. 13,208

* For details of "WAR" ships, see - http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/WWlStandardBuilt.htm

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