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(Published every alternate Wednesday)
August 19, 1857
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon sailed for Montreal and Quebec on Wednesday last from Liverpool, with 113 cabin and 247 steerage passengers, besides the Canadian mails.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American arrived at Quebec on the 27th ult. from Liverpool. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Miss Maimsley, Mr. and Mrs. Rushell, Mr. Neild, Rev. J. M'Collam, Captain and Mrs. Bushby, Mr. and Mrs. Lyon, nurse and child, Mr. Facile, Mr. and Mrs. Buchan and two children, Mr. Donellan, Mr. Postlethwaite, Master Jeffrey, Mr. and Mrs. Fullar, nurse and child, Mr. A. M'Pherson, Mr. J. Shuter, Mr. Ticeley, Mr. and Mrs. Thornton, Mr. H. Vihart, Mr. W.F. Murray, Mr. A. Archer, Mr. J. Henderson, Captain Hawtayne, Lieut. Bonnor, Mr. M'Neil, Mr. Rodgers, Mr. D. Coate, Mr. H. Chesshyre, Mr. William Dunbar, Mr. Best, Mr. Boidell, Mr. Catliffe, Mr. Popplewell, Mr. J.P. Atkinson, Captain Roy, Mr. and Mrs. Benson and three children, Miss Agar, Miss Vincent;-total, 53 cabin and 116 steerage.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, which sailed from Quebec on the 1st inst., arrived in the Mersey about two o'clock on Wednesday, the 12th. She brings seventy cabin and seventy-six steerage passengers, and a full cargo of breadstuffs and ashes. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Mrs. Thue, Miss Duncan, Miss Maclear, Mrs. Ridge, Miss C. Hale, Mr. Brown and lady, Rev. Mr. Duncan, Mrs. Duncan, Mrs. Kingdom, nurse and two children, Mr. Ord, Mrs. Ord and child, Mr. Jarvis, Miss Storie, Miss O'Hara, Dr. Kingdom (Canadian Rifles), Mr. O'Hara, Mr. Thompson, Mrs. R.D. Fraser, Mr. R.D. Fraser and son, Mr. Buchan, Mr. Beatty, Mrs. Buchan and two children, Mr. F. Rainsay, Mr. Hallowell, Mr. C. Raikes, Mr. G. Cowell, Dr. F. Russell, Mr. Motz, Mr. M'Lear, Messrs. M'Donald, Louis Waddington, R.G. Suzor, Hammond, Trigge, H.S. Merrill, B. Dunn, W. Walters, Mrs. Beatty and two children, Mrs. Ord's nurse, Mrs. Harwood, Miss Smith, Mr. R. Hall, Mr. Henry and son, Mrs. Henry and infant, and about eighty steerage.
The second screw steam ship, Elizabeth Jane, sailed from the London docks on the 11th inst., with a most valuable cargo of fine goods direct for Montreal. She takes out also 96 head of prize cattle, consisting of horses, horned cattle, sheep, and pigs, of the most valuable description, mostly purchased at the Royal Agricultural shows which were held this year at Salisbury and York, and which stock is destined for Canada and the States. The estimated value of the cattle is about 6,000l. The despatch with which this undertaking (sending steam ships from London to Canada) has been carried out is without precedent. The Elizabeth Jane arrived in the Victoria Docks on Friday night, the 7th instant, with 1,300 tons of coals; she discharged on Saturday, came round to the London Docks on Sunday evening, commenced to take in her outward cargo at six o'clock on Monday morning, and at seven A.M. same day had shipped 600 tons.
The screw steam ship General Williams, belonging to the North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, sailed on Thursday last for St. John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Portland (Maine), United States, with the mails and about 320 passengers.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's steamer Circassian, Captain Powell, from Liverpool, arrived at Portland on the 31st ult. She experienced thick fogs, and had a very severe passage throughout. She arrived at Halifax on the 27th and left on the 28th. She had 28 cabin and 300 steerage passengers from Liverpool, 10 passengers from St. John, and 14 from Halifax. A full return freight was in store for her at the Grand Trunk depot, and she would sail on the 8th inst.
Advices via New York state that the steam ship Clyde, from Glasgow, had arrived at Quebec on the 4th inst.
During a heavy gale from the eastward the steamer Arabian, on her upward trip from Munay Bay, went ashore at madame Island. She drifted from her anchors, fortunately, on a level rocky ledge. The passengers, about one hundred and fifty in number, succeeded in getting ashore and encamped on the island, an uninhabited one, where they had to remain for two days on somewhat short allowance. They were ultimately taken off by the steam tug Lady Head, despatched to their assistance from Quebec. The captain and officers behaved with great coolness and prudence, and have been presented with a complimentary address by the passengers, who were but too happy to escape with the freight.
The North America [sic] sailed on Saturday, with 150 passengers and a full cargo. The fine run of the Indian, from Liverpool to Quebec and back in twenty-six days, including a stay of seven days at the latter port, is naturally enough a subject of congratulation to us Canadians.
For the first time in the history of the telegraph, we received, on Thursday evening, late intelligence from Europe, by way of Newfoundland. The news-three days later-was brought by the steamer Circassian (not Erricson, as stated in our report), at St. John's, en route for Halifax and Portland. The telegraph line worked comparatively well, although the wires, a thousand miles in length, run through a region much beset by fogs and clouds. We have, then, fairly inaugurated the plan of telegraphing from Newfoundland, as being the first land reached by steamers from Europe, and in a short time European news will probably be received exclusively from St. John's. The steamer Asia left Liverpool the same day as did the Circassian, but cannot reach New York till the news she conveys has been long made public through the Circassian's telegraphic despatches.-Chronicle, July 24.
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 24th July, and the corresponding date in 1856:-
Ship Launches.-We had the pleasure of being present, on Saturday morning, at the launch of three splendid vessels, each of them well calculated to sustain the character and reputation of Quebec shipbuilders. The first, in order to meet its proper element, was from the building-yard of Mr. W. Power; it was a barque of about, we should say, 600 tons, named after the late Dr. Kane. Nothing could exceed the beauty of the manner in which it took the water, gliding into it as majestically and grandly as if the mighty mass were embued with a living spirit of confidence in its power to contend with the elements which it was hastening to meet. We thought that the ways had rather too much inclination for the short space the vessel had to run, and were afraid that it would have touched on the opposite side of the St. Charles; she did not, however, although it was all but, and everything went off most satisfactorily. The next was the Flora, another barque of about 400 tons, from the yard of Mr. Rozeux; from the station we occupied we could not discern the manner in which the Flora descended into her new bed, which, we are somewhat afraid, will not always prove one of flowers. This vessel also presented a very handsome appearance, and we especially noticed her figurehead as displaying an amount of taste and graceful execution very pleasing. The last, but not the least, was from the yard of Mr. T.C. Lee; this was a magnificent ship of about 1,000 tons, named Minnesota. It dashed into the water in gallant style, and looked quite war-like with her ports and towering hull as she floated triumphantly on the river's bosom. On our return, happening to observe a ship in Messrs. Baldwin's yard in a very forward state, we stepped in to take a peep at her, and were very politely shown round the ship by mr. James Goudie, the superintendent of the yard. The ship, even in its present state, gives goodly promise of a perfect whole when finished. There was one feature in the construction of this vessel which struck us as new and uncommon, and most certainly much calculated to increase its strength and security; this feature consists of an angular bracing of iron, five inches wide and three-fourths of an inch thick, running from stem to stern-post at intervals of eleven feet distance one from the other. Mr. Goudie also informed us that the frame was wholly composed of natural tamarac crooks, got from the mould at the township of Leeds and conveyed from thence to Quebec by railway-another proof of how much the North Shore Railroad would facilitate and cheapen the transit of materials for shipbuilding. We were told that it was expected the ship would be ready for launching in about four or five weeks; it is a first class vessel, and of about 1,000 tons.-Gazette, July 27.
Direct Trade Between Chicago and Liverpool.-The Chicago people were in ecstasies at the arrival at that port, on the 14th ult., of the schooner Madeira Pet, in eighty days from Liverpool. Thirty-five days were occupied in making the passage to Montreal, and forty-five days from thence to Chicago. Her log, which is given in full in the Chicago Press, is an interesting and curious document. Sailed, April 24; took on board pilot, May 31; reached Quebec, June 1; Montreal, June 2; Kingston, June 12; Welland Canal, June 15; Detroit, June 27; Chicago, July 15; where she was received by a salute of 100 guns. She had an assorted cargo of iron, cutlery, china, glassware, &c., and takes back a cargo of Western produce, having been chartered for the second voyage. The Board of Trade took notice of the event, and passed congratulatory resolutions; and the people of Chicago regard this as a commencement of a large direct trade between that city and Liverpool. The Press, speaking on this subject, says:-"The obstacles to direct trade between the Lakes and Europe have already been overcome. The Welland Canal and the reciprocity treaty have opened wide the door, and it needs but the application of capital and enterprise fully to realise the most sanguine expectations. A line of propellers is being built to run from this city to Montreal, connecting there with a line of ocean-going steamers. As the current of this trade becomes deeper and broader, the necessity of increased facilities will become more apparent and pressing, and hence the construction of the Georgian Bay Canal will ere long become a prime necessity of commerce. Were the work undertaken as soon as all preliminaries can be settled, before it could be completed the growing trade of the West would afford it ample and, we can scarcely doubt, remunerative traffic. The sneers which the press of other cities may bestow upon this subject we can bear with entire composure. The Georgian Bay Canal has not encountered half the opposition, nor is it regarded as a scheme half so visionary, as was the Erie Canal, when it was first proposed by the immortal Dewitt Clinton. Were any one to predict that in half a century the direct trade of Chicago with Europe would be equal to that of New York now, it would not seem half so wild and unreal as would the prediction fifty years ago that the internal commerce of the lakes would now far outstrip the entire foreign trade of the Union. Let, therefore, those that sneer enjoy all the pleasure they can derive from sneering; the mighty, growing, ever-teeming West, will more than realise the brightest anticipations of her most enthusiastic citizens."-Toronto Globe.
Military.-We had the pleasure of learning some time since that Mr. A.R. Dunn, of Toronto, had been one of the fortunate recipients of the Victoria Cross on the 26th June. The Courier du Canada informs us that a young Quebecer has been as fortunate. Mr. Adolphe Casault, now in Quebec, served three years in the French Foreign Legion. He left Marseilles for the Crimea along with forty-five others of the same company, and is one of the three of those who returned, the others having perished by the accidents of war. Mr. Casault went through the campaign from the landing at Eupatoria to the fall of Sevastopol. He was one of the pontonniers at the storming of the Malakhoff, and saw twenty of his comrades fall by his side on that occasion. Mr. Casault has received the English Crimean medal.-Spectator.
September 2, 1857
It will be seen from the special reports that 26,000 emigrants had already arrived at Quebec this season, being nearly 10,000 in excess of the previous year. About 10,000 of them are Germans and Norwegians, and the remainder British subjects, nine-tenths of whom remain in Canada. About 700 emigrants reached Toronto during the week ending August 9; 300 Germans went to the States, the rest were dispersed about Canada and employed. The arrivals at Hamilton to 31st of July were 4,041, mostly Germans; about 1,000 of these remained in Canada. The total number of persons who have availed themselves of the through-booking system of the Grand Trunk Railway up to the 28th ult., was 6,380.
The Madeira Pet sailed from Chicago for Liverpool on the 5th ult. As she was the first British owned vessel that had sailed from Chicago for a British port, the event was attended with great demonstrations of rejoicing. Upwards of one hundred of the principal merchants of Chicago accompanied her down the river to the Lake, bands of music playing, and all the other shipping in the harbour saluting her as she passed. Her cargo was about 4,000 cured hides, with which she will draw as much water as the canals between Chicago and Montreal will permit.
By a telegraphic despatch which had been received from Canada, we learn that the merchants' powder magazine, containing the whole stock of powder in Halifax, exploded with a terrific concussion shortly after midnight on the 14th ult. One man was killed and fifteen others were seriously injured. Five houses were demolished and several damaged. The Government magazines and the new barracks were much shattered, and nearly all the windows in the northern part of the city were broken. The damage is estimated at $100,000. The magazine is supposed to have been fired by an incendiary. For house the excitement was intense. Many persons were thrown from their beds, and others, bewildered, rushed to the streets for safety, believing an earthquake had occurred.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer North American sailed on Wednesday, the 26th August, for Quebec, with the Canadian mails, a good cargo, and 113 cabin and 147 steerage passengers on board.
The Montreal Ocean Steam shipping Company's screw steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, the 26th August, having left Quebec on the 15th. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
Mr. A. Cannon, Lieut. Wyndham and servant, Mr. Storm, Rev. J. Bothwell, Messrs. G. Russell, Montezuma, W.G. Russell, S. Blackburn, E. Ryerson, Tilley, Miss Ryerson, Dr. Ryerson, Madame Rosine, Madame St. Irene, Dr. Lewis. Mr. H. Chandler, Miss Gale, Miss Bothwell, Miss Davis, Rev. Dr. Davis, lady and two boys, Miss Street, Miss Barker, Miss Cooper, Mrs. Emo, Mr. Barker, Messrs. J. Torrance, J. Rochester, W. Turner, and Ormston.-Total 70 cabin and 75 steerage passengers.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 9th August, with a full cargo, 103 cabin, and 180 steerage passengers. The Indian sailed from Liverpool at 1.30 P.M. on the 29th July; at four P.M. passed the Anglo-Saxon, from Quebec; she experienced heavy head sea till the 2nd August, and afterwards foggy weather; 263 miles was the greatest speed made in one day. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
Mr. Burnham, Mr. Brough, Mr. Starnes, Hon. J. Molson, Mrs. J. Molson, Mr. A. Molson, Mr. J.P. Clark, Rev. Mr. Jervis, Mr. S. Smith, Mr. Cornish, Professor and Mrs. Ramsay, Mr. and Mrs. J. Wilson and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Wingate, Mr. M'Call, Mrs. Masters, Miss Mortimer, Mrs. Gornal, Mr. F. Gray, Mr. Dobele, Mr. Sutherland, Mr. Ray, Mr. Stephen, Mr. W. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Adams, Mr. C. Stuart, Mr. A. Williams, Miss Holesworth, Mr. Ritchie, Miss Ritchie, Miss St. George Ritchie, Mr. Tyre, Captain M'Manus, Mrs. Leeming and daughter, Mrs. Holland and child, Mrs. Bongereau, Mr. and Mrs. Small, Mr. Robertson and two boys, Miss Tuille, Mr. and Mrs. M'Cullum, Mr. Dickson, Mr. Genereaux, Miss Copeland, Miss Watts, Miss Chalascombe, Mr. and Mrs. R. Cowan, Miss Cowan, Mr. Archer, Mr. French, Mr. and Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Mr. E. Davies, Mr. M'Kenzie, Mr. J.T. Gilmour, Mr. Hingston, Mr. Smith, Mr. Woodhouse, Mr. Daley, Captain Polleys, Mr. Walker, Mr. Wickman, Mr. Bowes, Captain Russell, Mr. Shedden, Mr. Plimsoll, Mr. Rollings, Mr. Watt, Dr. Badgely, Mr. R.M. Bell, Mr. Froome, Mr. T. Droper, Mr. Hitchcock, Miss Hitchcock, Miss C. Hitchcock, Mr. and Mrs. Thomson and two sons, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Wood, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Lindsay, Mr. Smith, Mr. Rortook, Mr. Davies and child, Mr. Maittaur, Mr. Prevost, Mr. Agazis-103 cabin nad [sic] 180 steerage passengers.
The screw steamer Clyde, Captain Meiklereid, from Glasgow 22nd July, arrived at Quebec on the 5th Aug., shortly after six o'clock P.M. She again made an excellent passage across the Atlantic. The Clyde had 27 cabin and 136 steerage passengers and a general cargo, principally for Montreal. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
Misses J. Murdoch, M. Murdoch, Mr. H. Robertson, Mrs. M. Robertson, Miss M. Robertson, Mr. H.W. Robertson, Mr. R.J. Robertson, Miss Robertson, Miss M.A. Robertson, Mr. C. Robertson, Mr. H. Robertson, Miss M. Biggs, Mr. J. Hodgson, Miss J. Cassels, Mr. J. Caldwell, Mr. J. Scott, Mrs. M. Scott, Miss E. Scott, Captain Bernier, Mr. R. Kippar, Mr. A. M'Naught, Mr. P. Brunnelle, Miss E. Tocher, Mr. J.S. Morse, Miss J. Anderson, and Lieut. H.A. Little (17th Regt.)-27, and 136 steerage passengers;-total, 163.
The screw steamer Circassian, belonging to the North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, arrived in the Mersey on Saturday, the 22nd August, after a passage of seven days twenty-two house from St. John's, Newfoundland. She brings 100 passengers and a full cargo, principally sugar and molasses. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
From St. Johns-Judge D. Barnes, Mrs. and Miss Barnes, Mr. Edward Barnes, Mr. Emerson, Misses Emerson (3), Messrs. Thomas Fleming, John Collinden, Dr. Dalton, Bishop of Carbonear, and Catherine M'Cready and infant. From Portland-Messrs. P.H. Webber, E.J. Webber, G. Crawford, M. Doyle, Miss E. Britten, Mr. A. Dunn, Mrs. Daly, Miss M. Shard, Messrs. Smeaton, S. Plonwright, J. Hartley, E. Dobson, W. Moune, G. Dickerett, W. Dakin, D. Ward and wife, J. Simpson, D. Farney and wife, Mrs. M. Wheeler and child, Mrs. Milk and child, Miss R. Phillips, Messrs. W. Cunningham, R. Ballor, J. M'Elderney, A. Campbell and family (8½ adults), J. Ranstell, P. Kane, J. Frost, E. Quinn, F.D. Jackson, J. Deniscomb, Miss A. Deniscomb, Messrs. J. Buckley, Macballune, Mitchell, and Thomas Alie.
The steam ship Indian arrived at Quebec on Sunday evening, 9th inst., having experienced heavy head winds until the 2nd August. She beat the City of Baltimore, which started with her from Liverpool; the latter not reaching New York until Tuesday afternoon. A contract has been entered into with an American company to raise and deliver the sunken Canadian at Quebec for 12,000l.; should the company fail, the loss will be its own. She still lies with all her forward part, from her funnels, above water at low tide. The engineer of the Board of Works is now down the Gulf, for the purpose of selecting proper sites for the different lighthouses required and authorised by the act of last session.
The quality of emigrants is reported to be considerably superior to that of previous years. They have doubtless brought more money into the country, according to their numbers, than usual. Mr. Buchanan, the Emigrant Agent, reports that all the latest arrivals have found instant employment; and that numbers more are still asked for. This is the most cheering feature in the immigration of the present year, inasmuch as it proves that the emigrants who brought their labour to this market were not disappointed in the expectation of being able speedily to dispose of it to advantage. If the demand for hands continues active after the exhaustion of the supply furnished by immigration, it is proof that there is no pressure on the labour market, and that a scarcity and not an excess of labour prevails.
The following statement has been published by her Majesty's Collector of Customs of the arrivals at the port of Quebec from sea, in 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, and 1857, up to the 9th August in each year:-
A company of engineers and workmen have left Quebec, under the management of Mr. Betts, of Point Levy, in order to begin operations on the railroad between St. Thomas and the River Ouelle.
Lighthouses In The Gulf.-We are glad to learn that the Government are immediately to make available the vote of last session of Parliament for erecting lighthouses in the Lower St. Lawrence and in the Gulf. Mr. Paige, engineer of the Department of Public Works, is now in Quebec, on his way to the different localities, with instructions to make surveys and select proper sites. When these lighthouses are completed, the navigation of the giver and Gulf will be perfectly safe, except in cases of such gross stupidity on the part of pilots as brought about the loss of the Canadian. Mr. Paige will leave Quebec in the steamer Napoleon III for the Straits of Belle-Isle. The Hon. F. Lemieux, Chief Commissioner, and Mr. Gauvreau, of the Public Works' Department, will also take passage in this vessel on a tour of inspection.-Chronicle
The "Canadian."-R.D. Bartlett, of Bangor, the submarine enterprise man, has gone to Quebec to see about raising the steam ship Canadian, sunk in the St. Lawrence. It is thought the raising of the Philadelphia can be postponed till next season, while that of the Canadian cannot.-State of Maine, July 17.
The "Great Eastern."
We are authorised to state that this ship will be launched in the first spring tides of next month (October). The day is not as yet absolutely fixed, but this important event will probably take place on Monday, the 5th of that month. The tides will be highest on that day.
The Through-Booking System Between Europe And America
The following document, the correct translation of which has been certified by Mr. J.R. Crowe, her Majesty's Consul-General for Norway, has been received at the London office of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada:-
Chicago, July 20, 1857.
We found the journey comfortable and speedy, and the contract with us was in all respects strictly fulfilled.
We, therefore, advise all our friends at home who desire to emigrate hither to place themselves in the hands of the said company, by whom they will be honourably treated.
The company sent with us an interpreter, by name Almgrist, of whom we also certify that he aided us in all things, and was most solicitous to render our journey agreeable.
All our luggage was in good order and was correctly delivered to us.
Subscribed with our own hands on behalf of ourselves and others.
[Here follow 27 signatures.] (Unfortunately the signatures were not included.)
Railways In Portland:- Four lines of railway radiate from Portland. There is the southern line, extending to South Berwick Junction, 38 miles, and then connecting with lines to Boston, &c. The western line extends to Saco River, a distance of 18 miles; the eastern line forms the Kenebec and Portland road; and the northern line is the Portland and Montreal road, a branch of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada. The charter for this road was given in 1845, and the work begun in 1846. It was completed to Montreal, 292 miles, in 1853. The line of this road passes through one of the most valuable lumber districts in New England, and the various streams that it intersects or crosses, in its route, afford facilities for manufacturing industry beyond what are found on any line of equal length in the United States. The quantity of sawn lumber brought by this line in 1855 was about 60,000,000 feet. It is to this road the Portlanders look for the sources of increased wealth and commercial greatness; and doubtless, if ever the Victoria-bridge be finished, immense benefit to this city must result. "Cars," says Mr. Poor's report, "will be loaded at the Lachine Basin, direct from the canal barges, with western produce for the European market-to be transferred from the railway cars directly on board vessels at Portland. In the same way, cargoes destined for Europe will be taken off the lake steamers at Collingwood, on Lake Huron and at every intermediate port between Lake Huron and Montreal, whence they will pass on to Portland by railway, without transhipment.-Correspondent of the Toronto Globe.
By late advices from New York we learn that a telegraphic message had been received to the effect that the merchants' powder magazine at Halifax, which contained the whole stock of powder in that port, exploded on the night of the 13th August. One man was killed and fifteen others seriously injured. Five houses were demolished and several damaged. The Government magazines and the new barracks were much shattered, and nearly all the windows in the northern part of the city were broken. The magazine is supposed to have been fired by an incendiary. For hours the excitement was intense. Many persons were thrown from their beds, and others, bewildered, rushed into the streets for safety, believing an earthquake had occurred.
Yesterday, 12th inst., being the day appointed to pull the great race between St. John and Halifax, was ushered in by a glorious sunrise and the most beautiful day imaginable. The harbour scenery was enlivened on the present occasion by the presence of H.M.S. Indus, Pyramus, and hundreds of yachts and boats, filled with people of both sexes and all ages anxious to see the sight of the day.
Immense excitement prevailed throughout the city, and the wharves were lined with spectators during the contest-all of whom cheered vociferously the boats as they passed up and down in this most exciting race.
At a few minutes before eleven o'clock the contesting boats took their position in line a-midship of the Pyramus, and, amid breathless silence, waited the firing of the gun for starting. The crews came to the scratch in first rate condition. The Halifax boat was rowed by J. Holland, T. Hays, M. Fitzgerald, and T. Beazely. The St. John boat was pulled by F. Morris, J. Lambert, J. Morris, and E. Walsh, brother of the President of the Union Club.
At eleven precisely the start took place, St. John having slightly the advantage of Halifax; but it was a glorious start. The cheers from the flagship, and the dockyard, and the wharves followed the generous oarsmen as they passed down the harbour and round George's Island, from east to west. There was no waiting race on the present occasion; both crews applied themselves to their uttermost. The race was the most keenly contested ever chronicled. The St. John boat (leading) came in sight to the Pyramus in 14 minutes 58 seconds after going round George's Island, closely followed by the Halifax boat. The tug up the home stretch was a noble struggle. There was no time lost. Halifax was first if she had only pulled straight. St. John rowed most beautifully, and the Neptune fully realised the name her crew has earned in the waters of North America.
The struggle between the two boats between the Queen's wharf and the Pyramus was unequalled. The Halifax boat ran wide of her mark and nearly fouled Bennett's wharf, which caused her to lose at least three lengths. The race finally terminated by the Neptune (St. John) coming home in 31 minutes 45 seconds, followed by the Wide Awake (Halifax) in one second after, being the best and most tightly contested rowing race on record. At the termination of the contest the crew of H.M.S. Indus cheered in the most hearty manner the winning boat, well knowing, as every man who witnessed it must know, that it was a glorious race-the ship's band playing "Cheer Boys, Cheer."
The umpires on the recent occasion were, on George's Island for Halifax, J.P. Oxley, and for St. John, E.S. Potter, Esqrs., on board Pyramus, C.W. Dickson (for Halifax) and John Tilton, Esqrs. The referee was the Hon. G.A. Harding, Speaker of the New Brunswick House of Assembly.
The steam ship Circassian left this port for Liverpool, viá St. John's, Newfoundland, on Wednesday last, leaving over 700l. in freight which she might have earned. Is it not high time we had the weekly line of these steamers?-Chronicle.
H.M.S. Atalanta had arrived from Cape Charles, on the Labrador, where the fishery was progressing very favourably.
Arrivals At Quebec
Aug. 2 - Dandy Jim, Vigneau, from Arichat; 8 passengers.
Aug. 3 - Transatlantic, Edwards, from Aberdeen; 4 cabin and 236 steerage passengers.
Aug. 4 - Clyde (S.S.), Meiklereid, from Glasgow; 27 cabin and 136 steerage passengers.
Aug. 8 - Universe, Hutchinson, from Glasgow; 2 passengers.
Aug. 9 - Indian (S.S.), Jones, from Liverpool; 103 cabin
and 102 steerage passengers.
Aug. 12 - Agamemnon, Darley, from Liverpool; 117 passengers.
Aug. 13 - Stanley, Lee, from Hamburg; 168 passengers.
September 16, 1857
The examination of the parties connected with the Toronto bank robbery case was still going on at that city. The revelations are of a singular character.
A great Cricket Match between "Canada" and the "United States," played at Toronto, has resulted in a Canadian victory, after a sharp contest and capital play on both sides.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Liverpool on Monday, the 7th inst., at a quarter-past one, after a passage of nine days twenty-two hours from Quebec. She had a full cargo and 210 passengers. On the 29th August, off the lower end of the Island of Orleans, spoke the barque Niagara and the ship Transatlantic, bound down; off Brandy Pots, passed the ship Birkenhead, bound down, and the Inkermann, with emigrants, bound up. On the 30th August, at 7.30 A.M., off Point de Monto, fell in with the brig Louis Ferrier, with the passengers of the Clyde (S.S.) On board, which vessel had run on the Penequeto Reef, off Mingen Islands, on the 24th August, at 1.30 A.M. In another column we give full details of the wreck, by one of the cabin passengers. The Clyde's passengers have all come home by the Anglo-Saxon. Among the Anglo-Saxon's passengers is Waldon, the English railroad defaulter, who fled to Canada and was arrested at Toronto by Spittle, the London detective; also Stillman, the convict, who escaped from Bristol gaol on the 3rd May last, and was arrested in a vessel entering Quebec in the month of July. The following is a list of the passengers:-
Miss Brew, Miss Mason, Miss Curtis, Mrs. Knell, Miss Moneypenny, Mrs. Brooks, Miss Mather, Mr. Fulford and lady, Dr. Burton, Mr. Ledyard, Mr. G.S.H. Browne, lady and three children, Mr. Smith, Mr. Knight, Rev. Mr. Archambantt, Rev. Mr. Picard, Rev. Mr. Tranchemontague, Mr. L.A. Moreau, Mr. Mountjoy, Mr. Belton, Mr. Gilko, Mr. Gilchrist, Mrs. Markid, Mr.
Spittle, Mr. Waldon, Mr. Wace, Mr. E. Horton, Master Griffin and nurse, Mr. Williams, Mr. Young, Lieut. King, Mr. Gamble, Mr. Cayley, Mr. Wickham, Mr. Tuthill, wife and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson and infant, Miss Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Sheerman and son, Mr. C.L. Wurtill, Mr. Wilde, Mr. Alexander Drysdale, Mr. John Drysdale, Mr. Holmes, Mr. Kenworthy, Captain Saulsby; and 80 in the steerage. Passengers from S.S. Clyde-Mr. A. Mackenzie, Lieut. Harley, Mr. A. Murray, Mr. John Bell, Mr. and Mrs. Bray, Mr. and Mrs. Parker; and 57 in the steerage, Total per Anglo-Saxon-67 cabin and 143 steerage.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, which sailed from Liverpool on the 12th ult., arrived at Quebec on the 23rd ult., making another quick passage, considering that the weather was foggy and the wind contrary during the whole voyage. The Anglo-Saxon took out 119 cabin and 138 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Among the passengers were the Bishop of Rupert's Land, chief Justice Draper, the Mayor of Quebec, and Mr. Tessier, delegates from Quebec on the seat of Government question, and Mr. Kirkpatrick, one of the Kingston delegates. There were also on board six fine prize cattle. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-
Mrs. Pon, Mr. Derbishire, the Misses Derbishire (3), Mr. Cooper, Miss Sayer, Mrs. Walker, the Bishop of Rupert's Land, Miss Anderson and servant, Messrs. H. and C. Gibbon, the Misses Gibbon (3), Mr. J.P. Roe and lady, Mr. Tinney, lady and son, Rev. Jas. Williams, lady, servant and child, Mrs. Greenham, nurse and child, Mr. Hickey, Mr. Davidson, Mrs. Manifold and child, Mrs. Adams and child, Mr. Fish, Mr. Kennedy, Dr. Morrin (Mayor of Quebec), Mr. Mann, Mr. J.L. Smith, lady and servant, Messrs. Olivier, Beaudry, J.J. Claxton, C. Gemmell, Capt. Eccles, Messrs. J. Newberry, J. M'Neile and C. Beville, Mr. Swineford, lady and four children, Mr. M'Intyre, Mr. Morris, Mr. Kirkpatrick and lady (of Kingston), the Hon. Chief Justice Draper and lady, Mr. Garneau, Mr. Blaiklock and lady, Messrs. Cunningham, J. Ross and Hunton, Mr. Tessier and lady (of Quebec), Mr. Millar and lady, Messrs. Thayer, Richardson, and M'Kay, Rev. Dr. Blackman, Mr. Harcourt and lady, Mr. Tripp, Capt. Grindlay, Messrs. Merrill, Price, and West, Capt. King, Mr. F.R. Lucas, Mrs. Lucas and six children, Mrs. James, two children and nurse, Miss James, Messrs. A. James, D. Copp, and W.G. Copp, Mrs. Copp, the Misses Copp (3), Messrs. Ripley, B. Taylor and Bowie, Miss Bowie, Mrs. Young, Mrs. Briscoe, Miss Briscoe, Miss S. Briscoe, the Masters Briscoe (3) and governess, Messrs. J. Paton, Little, Ogilvey and Ord.-Total, 119, and 138 in the steerage.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Indian sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday, the 9th inst., for Quebec, with the Canadian royal mails, 119 cabin and 166 steerage passengers, and full cargo of Manchester goods.
The Antelope, screw steam ship, Capt. Smith, belonging to the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday, the 9th inst. for Newfoundland, Halifax, and Boston, with upwards of 200 passengers, a mail and a large cargo on [sic] freight.
We are pleased to find that the natural resources and industry of Canada are likely to be well represented at the Crystal Palace. A large quantity of manufactured goods has been recently received there from the province for exhibition; among which are some handsome black-walnut furniture (a sideboard of which is beautifully designed and carved), some valuable agricultural machinery and implements, and some fine specimens of polished marble. These, with other manufactured goods and specimens of raw produce, remaining from the Canadian collection at the Paris Exhibition, are now in process of arrangement in the court assigned to them, which, being close to the grand transept, is in an excellent situation; and every day may be seen a number of workmen and others in the court, busily engaged in putting up stands, cases, &c., for the goods, and placing the latter in proper order. The articles of furniture are already arranged in the front part of the court, almost in the order in which they might be supposed to stand in a dining-room, and are raised about a foot from the ground upon a platform covered with red baize, which shows them off to much advantage. The model of the great Victoria Bridge at Montreal is placed in the centre of the court, and across it, dividing the finer description of articles in front from the heavy machinery and coarser articles in the rear. We believe that a further supply of goods for the Palace from Canada is shortly expected.
Military.-The hired transport ship Spitfire, Capt. Williams, arrived at this port on the 23rd August at noon, having on board the 7th Company of Royal Engineers, to replace the 18th Company, which has been serving with credit to every member of the corps for the last seven years. The ship came in during the midst of the prevailing south-east gale of wind and rain. The troops landed on the following morning at seven o'clock, and, headed by the fine band and drums of H.M. 63rd Regt., playing national airs, marched into the Royal Engineer Barracks. There is no lack of Crimean medals among the new comers, The Colour-Serjeant (acting Serjeant-Major) Staunfield is decorated with no less than four medals and four clasps. The Spitfire has brought out fireengines for the use of the regiments in this garrison, ammunition, &c. It is understood that the 18th Company will embark on board the same ship, for conveyance to England, on Saturday next. We can assure them that they leave this station with the very best wishes of the citizens of Halifax for their future well-being.-Halifax Chronicle, Aug. 22.
Montreal-Our port is nearly denuded of shipping, there being but five square-rigged vessels in it-amongst these the Queen of the Lakes, the advance guard of our fall fleet, that will soon be filling the harbour and encumbering the wharves with our winter supplies. The steam ship United Service arrived in port on Saturday, after rather a long passage, having had to put into Sydney to coal. The Anglo-Saxon made a fine passage, punctual to her time, and full of passengers. Many Canadians who wanted to take passage in her were disappointed, unable to obtain berths.
The weather for the past fortnight has been wet and broken, altogether unfavourable to harvesting operations. We do not hear, however, of any of the crops suffering, excepting potatoes, which in some localities begin to show signs of the rot. We shall need though, to ripen and harvest the outstanding grain, which is still considerable, a spell of warm dry weather. We have every reason to hope for this in September, seeing that we have had so much wet. In Upper Canada the crops have been housed some time, but in that section of the province they are generally three weeks or a month in advance of us here.
We have all been very much disappointed at the failure of the Atlantic Telegraph enterprise, after hoping to hear of its successful accomplishment this week. Preparations were being made in various localities to celebrate its completion with due eclat. The disappointment had consequently been great. We must now patiently abide the issue of a new trial.
The town is beginning to refill again-citizens returning to their homes from sea-side excursions and elsewhere. The city is also very full of strangers, and the hotels are driving a very brisk business-so are the railroads and steamers. Southerners affect the Canadas very much at this season; they find our cool refreshing breezes so invigorating to frames relaxed by southern heats. Amongst the arrivals at one of the hotels last week was quite a long list of Spanish names from the Havanna. At Donegani's I also saw registered the names of Lord Hervey and Viscount Althorp, and am glad to see symptoms of British travel setting in this way. Those who venture will not repent having done so.
Quebec:- A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 28th August, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 679 vessels, 344,892 tons; 1857, 835 vessels, 402,759 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 156; increase in tonnage, 57,867 tons.
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 21st August, and the corresponding date in 1856:-
Remarks: Few vessels will be in port next week, all hurrying to get their deck loads, which are not allowed after Tuesday next.
The news from England is disheartening and depressing, and till the fall of Delhi takes place and matters in India assume a more healthy aspect, we fear commercial improvement will be slow.
Flour Trade with Montreal and Quebec-Canadian Steamers.-It is well understood that the Oswego market enjoys many advantages, especially since the Reciprocity Treaty with Canada, and that it is becoming the great distributing point from which the lower provinces, the New England states, and neighbouring markets, receive a fair proportion of their supplies...In this connection we will mention the fact that the bulk of these shipments were by Hooker, Jacques, and Co.'s through line of Canadian steamers, running between Hamilton, Oswego, Montreal, and Quebec. This line consists of nine steamers, the England, Wellington, Free Trader, Avon, Alps, Ottawa, Prescott, Hibernia, and St. Lawrence..... -Oswego Times.
Wreck Of The "Clyde" In The Gulf Of St. Lawrence.-At 10.15 A.M. on Saturday, 22nd of August, the Clyde left Quebec for Glasgow, loaded with a full cargo (chiefly of wheat and ashes), and having on board seven cabin and about sixty steerage and intermediate passengers. At a little after 10 P.M. of the same day, she passed the screw steam ship Anglo-Saxon, off Green Island, bound for Quebec. At 10.10 A.M. on Sunday morning, the Clyde was abreast of Cape de Monts, distant about seven miles, from whence she took a fresh departure and steered east for the west point of Anticosti. During the forenoon of Sunday the weather was calm and cloudy; but a fresh breeze from the eastward sprang up in the course of the afternoon, and towards night it rained, sometimes pretty heavily but mostly in a thick drizzle. Darkness at length set in, without making the land; but according to the course steered and the distance run, the position of the ship about midnight was supposed to be near the entrance of the Canadian channel, on the Anticosti side of it. The ship's head was then gradually hauled up to S.E., and she had only proceeded on that course a few minutes when she struck heavily on a rock and reeled over on the port side. Three bells (1.30 A.M.) Had just struck and the look out man reported "All's well," the captain watching the while on the bridge. The concussion, of course, was very severe, but not so great as to give any serious alarm as to immediate danger, and the general impression at the moment probably was that the vessel would be detained for some time-perhaps eventually lost, but that property and cargo could, at all events, be saved. Very fortunate, indeed, was it so, for had a panic broken out among the passengers at the time there can be no doubt many lives would have been lost. Immediately after the vessel struck she listed heavily over on her port side, and in less than a quarter of an hour she was making water fast abaft and evidently sinking. At this trying moment the conduct of the captain was beyond all praise. He gave his orders, which were obeyed as steadily and regularly as if nothing extraordinary had occurred. The boats were lowered and manned, the passengers passed into them without confusion or dismay, and every soul on board was placed in temporary safety before he left the wreck. Twenty minutes after the ship struck her stern was entirely under water and her cabin full; but so slight was the feeling of alarm, especially among the cabin passengers, that they were actually packing up their clothes and getting out their money, against emergency, when she made a final list over to port, filling that side of the cabin before they began to look out for their personal safety. When all were safely packed in the boats, a supply of provisions and water was put on board each, and they then laid off the wreck till daylight. A cold drizzling rain was falling at the time and daylight revealed the old scraggy rocks and islets of the Paraquettes, looming all round through a still mist. The captain then put himself at the head of the line of boats in the life-boat, keeping close order and steering to the north, and in the course of two hours made the main land, but the serf being too high to beach, he followed the course easterly and finally reached the Hudson's Bay port at Mingan there the party were most hospitably received and sheltered by Mr. Henderson, the agent of the company, who threw open his house and buildings, and placed every article he had at the captains disposal. A party was then formed, with the captain at its head, who returned to the wreck, to save as much property as possible-such as belonged to the steerage passengers, and was stowed forward, being still above water; in this they were to a certain extent successful, but the cabin passengers, the captain, and chief officer, whose rooms were aft, lost every article of property they had on board. The Lewis Ferrier, a small brigantine of about 70 tons, the property of Mr. James Scott, of Quebec, which happened fortunately to be in the offing during the day (Monday, August 24), was engaged to take the passengers and crew to Quebec, and she was, with as little delay as possible, supplied with the necessary provisions for the voyage, and all the baggage saved put on board; but it was not until Friday morning, the 28th August, that the wind and weather favoured her departure. A light breeze sprung up from the east, and the brigantine, crowded to excess, having no less than 120 people on board, got under weigh from Mingan. On Sunday morning, the 30th of August, about half-past seven A.M., the Anglo-Saxon hove in sight off Cape de Monts, when Captain Meiklereid immediately put off in his life-boat to intercept her, the brigantine showing a signal of distress at the main and steering across her track. The Anglo-Saxon, perceiving that something was wrong, bore down on the lifeboat, and shortly after ran alongside the brigantine and took all the shipwrecked passengers on board, who were most kindly cared for and provided with many comforts they much required by Capt. M'Master, the officers of the ship, and the cabin passengers. The loss of this fine vessel adds another to the numerous list of wrecks annually recurring in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, many if not all of which of late days might have been obviated had lights been properly established along the coast. And it is a matter of mingled surprise and regret to all acquainted with the navigation that so important a point as the west point of Anticosti, and several others of equal importance where buildings for the purpose have actually been erected for nearly two years, are still unprovided with lights.
The Harvest-Notwithstanding the bitter complaints and desponding murmurings of the farming community last spring, the harvest has turned out to be one of unparalleled abundance....
The "Great Eastern."
The "Great Eastern" American Tourist Arrangements.
The Continued Success of the Canadian Line of Steamers.
Government Protection To Emigrants For Canada And The United States
Indus, at Halifax, August, 15, 1857
The characteristic promptitude with which Captain Hay summoned aid from the Indus, and the efficient manner in which Commander Wake had even anticipated his summons, as well as the zealous and valuable services of Lieutenant Herbert, R.N., and Captain Goold, R.M., with the parties under their command, in so quickly guarding and drowning the remaining half ruined magazines and shell rooms, are deserving of all praise.
I witnessed the exertions made and judicious measures taken by Mr. Chevallier, the naval storekeeper, and in order to mark my sense of the firm conduct of the men of the Dockyard, in unhesitatingly hastening forward with the fire-engine to the remaining magazines, although an additional explosion might not unreasonably be still apprehended, I have directed that they shall receive on extra day's pay; to the seamen and marines actually present, extra pay will also be granted. The serious injury effected by the explosion on the naval hospital buildings did not prevent Doctor Domville from making instantaneous and most effective preparations for the reception of the wounded, and the kind and skillful treatment they received afforded me the most lively gratification.
I am confident that all who were present will accord their approval of the
prompt and steady conduct displayed by the military on this trying occasion,
and more especially so of the personal firmness with which Captain Grain, of
the Royal Engineers, and his party explored the remaining magazines.
Marine Disaster:- The subjoined was received in this city yesterday from Lamaline:-A large ship, name unknown, from Great Britain, bound to St. John, New Brunswick, with railroad iron and sheet copper, was cast away near Burin, Newfoundland, some fortnight since. Captain, crew, and two passengers saved. There were 52 passengers (mostly cabin) lost.-Morning Chronicle, August 25.
September 30, 1857
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday last, for Quebec, with the fortnightly mails for the Canadian provinces, 130 cabin, and 150 steerage passengers, as well as a full cargo of fine goods.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steam ship North American, which sailed from Liverpool on the 26th August, arrived at Quebec on the 6th inst., with 120 cabin and 148 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Throughout the passage the North American encountered head winds. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Miss Coombes, Miss Burroughs, Miss Littlewood, Miss Cumming, Mrs. H. Bailey, Mrs. Oliver and 2 children, Mrs. Brock, Mrs. Dunn, Miss and Master Cayley, Miss Hutchinson, Mr. Hewitt, the Misses Isaacs, Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Strong and infant, Messrs. Wright, Ardah, Boulton, and Conworth, Miss Conworth and Master Conworth, Mr. Barry, Mrs. Hall, Miss Wills, Messrs. M'Duff, M'Kenzie, Daley, Bristow, Hill, Mackay, and Chisholm, Mr. and Mrs. Denis, Mr. and Mrs. Mathers, Mr. M'Kenna, Mr. Moodie, Miss Spencer, Miss Hussey, Rev. D. and Mrs. Allison, Messrs. Bailey, Dalkin, Heward, and Blake, Major Whitmers, Mr. Wade, Mr. and Mrs. Ramsay, Mrs. and Miss Ewart, Mr. and Mrs. Torrance, Mr. and Mrs. Hunter, Messrs. Cade, Hughes, Fothergill, Fabre, Tracy, and Baxter, Captain and Mrs. Hibbart, Mr. and the Misses Boston, Messrs. Raikes, John Dods Murray, and Lyons, Mr. and Mrs. Toulmin, Mr. and Mrs. Ridont, Messrs. Hobbs, Walker, D. Thompson, and R. Pollock, Rev. Mr. Gordon, Messrs. Fabre, Sawyer, Curran, Fallon, Greenshields, Ross, M'Culloch, Twentyman, Forsyth, and Dr. King, Mr. and Mrs. Blencoe, Mr. and Mrs. Dillon, Miss Mullan, Mrs. Dinning, Miss Anchinlock, Mrs. Stephen, the Misses Allen, Messrs. Croil, Stephen, Curling, R. Curling, and Hammond, Miss Smith, Miss Steel, Miss Dinning, Miss Wright, Miss Sheron, Miss Bull, Mrs. Liddal, and Mr. Hickey.-Total, 120 cabin, and 148 steerage passengers.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, having left Quebec on the 13th inst. The following is a list of her passengers:-
Mrs. Sewell, Miss Prior, Mrs. Henderson and daughter, Mrs. Binnmore, Miss Binnmore, Mrs. Wright, Mr. Douglas, Mr. Light, Captain Walker, Rev. Mr. Halley, Rev. Mr. Schriber and son, R. Denniston, W. Elliott, Alex. Graham, Mrs. E. Pine and six children, Mrs. Blake, Mrs. Cooper, Mrs. R. Carter, Mr. G. Brett, Miss Smith, Mr. R. Carter, John Pearson, Charles Halfords, Mr. Whitemore, and about 110 steerage passengers.
We have been favoured by Messrs. Barnett, and Co., the passenger brokers, with the following extract from the letter of a passenger on board the E.A. Bright, which has safely arrived at Quebec, after a lengthened passage, owing to most unpropitious weather:-
The E.A. Bright is quite a new ship, of about 1,800 tons register, of a beautiful model, and a very fast sailer. That we have had such a long voyage is owing to the prevalence of the west winds, which is always the case at this time of the year. We were ten or twelve days beating about in the Irish Channel, and had head winds, with now and then a dead calm, all across the ocean. Thus the whole distance was made by tacking, and perhaps we have sailed 10,000 miles; getting up the river has also been a long job. My appetite has been very good, and we have no cause to complain of our rations.
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 11th September, and the corresponding date in 1856:-
Dr. Rae's Arctic Expedition:-The schooner Iceberg, says the Oswego Times, with a cargo of coal from Cleveland for Kingston, left the Welland Canal on the 12th ult., since which time nothing has been heard of her, and it is supposed she is lost with all on board-probably in the gale of the 17th ult. The Iceberg was built at Kingston last spring, by Dr. Rae, who intended to start out with her next season for the Arctic Regions, in search of Sir John Franklin.
A subscription for the relief of the families of the fishermen lost in the late storm has been opened in Miramichi, and already 100l. has been subscribed. It has been ascertained that 63 persons were drowned.
The Lampedo, Captain Cronk, arrived at St. John's on the 25th ult., from Liverpool, with 28 first and second cabin passengers, making the run out in 28 days. The passengers speak in the highest terms of the excellence of the vessel and accommodation, and of the kindness shown them by the captain and his officers.
The harbour of Pictou presents a lively appearance at the present time, there being six American barks, thirteen brigs, and ten schooners afloat, besides about twenty-five vessels belonging to the provinces. The coal trade has never been as lively as the present season; the quantity shipped per day is about 900 chaldrons, and up to the last of the present month will amount to about 70,000 chaldrons, which will probably advance to 120,000 for the season....
"I have to report but two cases of disaster at sea occurring to emigrant vessels bound to this port during the past season; viz., the ship "Martin Luther," which sailed from Liverpool on the 9th of April, with 499 passengers, after having been a few days at sea, was dismasted in the Channel, and carried into Plymouth, where she refitted, and sailed again on the 28th of May. The second case was that of the ship, "St. Clair," which sailed from Tralee on the 11th of June with 227 passengers, and, having sprung a leak, was abandoned at sea. Her passengers were rescued by the "Ariel," of Bristol, and taken into Cork, where they were provided with a passage by the "Maria," and arrived here on the 3d of September, in good health. It is satisfactory to find, that in both these cases, although the passengers were exposed to much suffering and hardship, there was no loss of life...."
"Return No. 10.— From 31st of August to 19th September. Two thousand
eight hundred and thirty-seven emigrants landed at this port during the period
embraced in this return, all in good health; notwithstanding the long passages
of several of the sailing ships, the average of which was over 44 days....
The Quebec Chronicle reports the arrival of the Maria in the September 7, 1857 issue.
She arrived on Sept 6: bark Maria, Brailey, 9th July, Queenstown, A. Gilmour & Co., ballast, 138 pass.
Aug 31 - Inkermann, Chambers, from Greenock; 238 passengers
Sept 4 - Wilhelm Tell, Wordby, from Christiania; 102 passengers [Capt.
Nordby, from Christiania June 30]
Sept 5 - An Ho, Dewin, from Canso; 3 passengers
Sept 6 - Maria, Brailey, from Queenstown; 138 passengers
Sept 10 - Caledonia, Hamilton, from Glasgow; 8 passengers
Sept 13 - Ion, Hudson, from London; 326 passengers
Sept 19 - Dunbrody, Williams, from New Ross
Sept 28 - Kiblain, Moffatt, from London; 6 passengers
October 14, 1857
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 19th ult. She left Liverpool at noon on the 9th and made a good passage, though she has had strong head winds. On one day, the 14th, the distance run was 304 miles. The Indian took out 130 cabin and 160 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Among the passengers were Chancellor Blake and the Hon. J.A. M'Donald, Attorney-General of Upper Canada. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-
Mrs. Cuthbert and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds, Miss Reynolds, Misses C.E. and J. Reynolds, Masters Y. Henry E. and H. Reynolds and nurse, Miss Durham, Misses E. and J. Durham, Miss Robinson, Dr. F. Russell (Toronto), Mr. and Mrs. M'Leod and six children, Miss Johnston, Rev. D. Fraser, Mrs. Fraser, child and servant, Mrs. Fraser, sen., Miss Fraser, Miss Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Ross, Miss Ruren, Messrs. Wheatman, H. Wells, Howes, Parke, Snelling, Miss Anderson, Mr. Parrott, Mr. and Mrs. Betts and servant, Misses Mary, Lucy, Hyla, Clara and Augusta Betts, Masters Henry, John and Frederick Betts, Mr. and Mrs. Blackwell, Miss Blackwell, Miss Fanny Blackwell, Masters Charles, John, Edward, Kenneth and Lewis Blackwell and nurse, Mr. Tremticke, Mrs. Stevenson, Mr. Corrie, Mr. J. Thompson, Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Houlditch, Miss Skinner, Mr. Lavender, Mr. Morrison, Mr. T. Oliver, Mr. Kershaw, Lieut. Cook and servant, Miss Russell, Mr. Budden, Hon. J.A. M'Donald, Mr. Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Torrance and son, Mr. and Mrs. Willington and child, Miss Blackwell, Mr. and Mrs. Henderson, Miss Hancom, Mr. and Mrs. Pode, Mr. Chancellor Blake, Mrs. Blake, Miss Blake, Miss Emma Blake, Mr. Charles Blake, Mr. Polson, Mr. J. Langlois, Mr. W. Benham, Mr. and Mrs. Foster, Mr. and Mrs. Scott and child, Mrs. Cooke, Mr. Moore, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Moysney, Mrs. Norman, three sons and servant, Miss Read, Mr. Reynolds and two servants, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Edwards, Mr. Mayhew, Captain Brown, Mr. Hanbury, Mr. and Mrs. Adams, Mr. Whydden, Mrs. Hubbard, Mr. J. Wilson, Mr. W. Steer.-Total, 130 cabin and 160 steerage passengers.
The North Atlantic Company's screw steam ship General Williams, Captain Flinn, arrived in the Mersey, on the 29th ult., from Portland and St. John's, Newfoundland, with dates from the latter to the 19th ult. inclusive, 30 passengers, and 2,000 barrels of flour as cargo.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Indian, Captain Thomas Jones, arrived in the Mersey on the 7th inst., bringing advices from Quebec and Montreal to the 26th September. The Indian had on board 50 cabin and 115 steerage passengers, among whom were:-
Captains Wardell and M'Ghie, Mrs. Wardell and two children, Miss Steele, Mrs. Travers and child, Mrs. Williams, child and servant, Mrs. Paterson and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Rothwell, Mr. and Mrs. Barlow and three children, Mr. R. Gimrie and daughter, Messrs. M'Callum, David Thomson, Cruise, Cornish, Simpson, G. Leighton, Thos. Riekie, Watts, Treacy, S.S. Thomson, Crowley, H.L. Lawson, John Stone, W.H. Pym, Gagnow, Shuter, Baley, John Corly, G.H. Smith, John Carrol, Kippen, F. Ford, F. Salmon, W. Parse, John Wilson, and H. Flood.
The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, sailed from Liverpool on the 7th inst., for Quebec, with the Canadian mails and a large cargo. Her berths were completely filled.
The Through-Booking System:- The subjoined is a copy of a certificate that has been received at the London offices of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada:-"Kingston, September 22, 1857-We, the undersigned passengers, ticketed in Liverpool by Messrs. Sabel and Cortis, Grand Trunk agents, by the ship Ocean Bride, have received every attention from their agents in Point Levi (South Quebec), one of whom has accompanied us hither this day, and to whom we tender our best thanks. Signed on behalf of ourselves and others." (Here following eighteen signatures, attested by A. Samuels, agent to the Company.) [no signatures listed in paper]
Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 24th July [sic], and the corresponding date in 1856:-
Our arrivals have been pretty numerous since we last issued our circular, and we do not expect over 150 to 200 more vessels during the remainder of the season.
Sept 16 - Bowes, Ellwood, from Workington; 3 passengers
Sept 17 - Oriental, Tom, from Plymouth; 5 cabin and 218
Sept 19 - Ocean Bride, -----; 4 cabin and 386 steerage passengers
Sept 20 - Argentinus, Gillespie, from Londonderry
Sept 21 - Stadacona, Willis, from Portsmouth; 10 passengers
Sept 22 - City of Quebec, Tulloch, from Aberdeen, 53 passengers
Sept 24 - Melbourne, Playter, from Liverpool; 30 passengers
October 28, 1857
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Quebec on the 5th inst., having left Liverpool on the 23rd ult. The Anglo-Saxon had 124 cabin and 148 steerage passengers, besides a very full cargo, including some prize breeding stock, sent out by Mr. Bell, of Liverpool. Throughout the whole passage she encountered severe westerly winds and heavy head seas. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
Mrs. and Miss Mason, Miss Green, Miss Gardener, Mr. and Mrs. Wainwright, Mr. Wainwright, jun., the Misses Wainwright (3), Mr. and Mrs. Boalbla, Miss Boalbla, Mr. and Miss Maclean, Mr. and Mrs. Angers, Mrs. and Miss Hart, Mr. Hayward, Mr. Fowler, Mr. and Mrs. Beaulieu, Mr. and Mrs. White, the Misses White (2) and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Keith, Messrs. E. Jones, Smith, Miles, Williams, Mountain, Mohun, Mrs. Briffith, Mr. Ilvery, Mrs. Harkness, Miss Emerson, Miss Stubbs, Mrs. Robertson, Mr. and Mrs. James Crawford, Mrs. and the Misses (2) Elmsley, Mr. and Mrs. Stovel, Messrs. Cockayne, Ballantyne, Barker, Captain and Mrs. Bourke, three children and servant, Col. and Mrs. Skyring, four children and servant, Rev. Mr. Bonsfield, Mr. Mackenzie, Mdme. Renter and two children, Mr. E. Poston, Mr. Creswell, Mr. Scott and son, Mr. and Mrs. Crawford, two children and servant, Mr. Benjamin, Mr. Baker, Dr. L. Smith, Messrs. Glover, Galt, and Hill, Rev. Mr. Bentley, Rev. Mr. Tallier, Rev. Mr. Claret, Mr. F. King, Mr. Coplestone, Captain and Mrs. Miles, Captain Fry, Messrs. Hentig, Nicol, Hay, Harrison, Cotter, Beardman, Spec, Searce, Woodman, Taylor, and Harkness, Mr. and Mrs. Roach, Mr. and Mrs. Upton, five children and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Green, six children and servant.
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Liverpool on the 20th inst., having left Quebec on the 10th. She brings 68 cabin and 114 steerage passengers. The following is a list of the former:-
Miss Rice, Mrs. Meikleham and child, Mr. Watson, Miss Walker, the Misses Grimshaw, Mrs. Chapman and son, Mr. W. Osborne, wife and infant, Mrs. Kingston and friend, Professor Kingston and two children, Mrs. and Miss Metcalf, Mrs. Hogan, J.C. Cooper, Mr. Cuttel, Captain Sewell and wife, Mr. Serecold, Professor Ramsay and wife, Mr. Light, Mr. Jeffery, Mr. Hoffming, Mr. and Mrs. M'Kay, Messrs. Petery and Gray, R.W. Ferrier, Mr. L. Stayner, Mr. J. Fraser, Judge Mondelet, Mr. Beard, Miss Johnstone, Mrs. Radford and child, Mr. Wells, Mr. James Davie, F.J. Mink, Mr. Evans, Mr. F. Rule.
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, also sailed on Wednesday from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal, having on board 250 passengers (130 chief cabin), the Canadian mails, and a full cargo. Among the cabin passengers were Sir Edmund Head (Governor-General of Canada), Lady Head, and suite. The Indian had no specie on freight, but it is believed that some of the passengers had a considerable quantity.
In future, during the winter months, the steamers of this line will run to Portland, United States, as the navigation of the St. Lawrence will be then closed.
The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steamer Antelope, Captain Smith, which sailed from Portland, U.S., on the 5th; Halifax, N.S., on the 7th; and St. John's, Newfoundland, on the 12th inst., arrived in the Mersey at three o'clock on Friday afternoon.
The Vulcan (6), iron screw steam ship, commander Secombe, from Portsmouth, arrived at Quebec on the 8th October, to embark the 9th Regiment, ordered to England. She was to sail on the following week.
The Margaret Ann, Captain Mortley, one of the "Plymouth" line of American packets despatched by Mr. J.B. Wilcocks, arrived at Quebec on the 30th September; all well. We copy the following from the Quebec Morning Chronicle:-
To Captain Wm. Mortley.-We, the undersigned passengers by the ship Margaret
Ann, on her voyage from Plymouth to Quebec, after a favourable passage,
desire to return out warmest thanks to Captain Mortley, officers, and crew,
for the kindness and attention received from them; and more especially to
Captain Mortley, who has endeavoured from the commencement to promote the
health and happiness of all on board.
Party spirit is running very high. We find that there is now a Government party steamer and an Opposition party steamer plying between St. John's and Portland; and for weeks past the Government and Opposition press of St. John have been at swords' points, contending about the merits and shortcomings of the rival steamers. The desire for a party triumph has, it is said, reduced the steamer fare between St. John and Portland to 1s. 3d. A passenger.
The 76th Regiment embarked on board the Jura on Wednesday, September 30, which had arrived at St. John the previous Monday for the purpose of taking them, and sailed on Thursday for Cork.
Caution to Emigrants to the United States
On the 29th ult. H.M. steamer Brilliant arrived at Halifax from the West Indies, with cases of yellow fever on board. No danger, however, was apprehended.
Among the victims to the yellow fever on board H.M.S. Brilliant, 20, during the period she was stationed in the Windward Islands, was the Rev. Thomas H. Watson, chaplain and naval instructor of that ship. He was appointed in June, 1856, about one month after the Brilliant was commissioned. The Journal states that the late gentleman's widow is at present in Halifax, a guest of Captain and Mrs. Hay.
Sept 29 - Algeria, M'Millan; 2 cabin passengers
Oct 1 - City of Quebec, Graham, from London; 7 passengers
Oct 2 - Jenny Lind, Foran, from Waterford; 9 passengers
Oct 4 - Countess of Loudon, Richards, from Plymouth; 16 pass.
Oct 5 - Anglo-Saxon (SS), M'Master, from Liverpool; 124
cabin and 148 steerage passengers
Oct 6 - Erromanga, Watson, from Greenock; 7 passengers
Oct 8 - H.M.'s Screw Troop Ship Vulcan, 6, Commander Secombe,
November 11, 1857
The Canadian Royal Mail screw steamer North American, Captain Grainger, which left Liverpool on the 7th October, arrived at Quebec on the 19th. The North American encountered strong westerly gales during her voyage. On the 11th Oct., in lat. 57.97, long. 29 W., she experienced a furious gale, shipped a heavy sea, carrying away after gangway and binnacle, and which stove in saloon doors and port gig. She, however, made a very good passage, considering the season. Her advices are eight days later than those previously received. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-
Miss Middleton, Mr. and Miss Dunnett, Mrs. Spiers, Mrs. M'Kidd, Miss M'Donald, Miss Patrick, Mrs. Burstall, Mr. James Smith, Mr. R.C. Smith, Mr. Wade, Mrs. and Miss Savage, Miss A. and Miss L. Savage, Mr. Savage, Mr. and Mrs. Blackburn, Miss Goss, Miss Kay, Mrs. Hopton, servant and two children, Miss Lennox, Mr. and Mrs. Wooley, Captain Chapman, Captain Roy, Mr. Burns, Mrs. Poffard, Miss Gaird, Mr. J. and Mrs. Parker, Mr. Bowen, Mr. Bridge, Mr. A. Burrows, Rev. D. and Mrs. Gordon and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Kidd, Mr. D. M'Dursdall, Mr. Brampton, Miss Walker, Mr. and Mrs. Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard, Mr. T. Holland, Mr. T. Carew Bolton, Hon. Mr. Murney, Mrs. and the Misses Murney, Messrs. D. and B. Graham, Mr. Russell, Mr. Ginders, Rev. Mr. Vincent, Mr. and Mrs. Likely, Miss Jenning, Mr. and Mrs. Morse, Mr. J.H. Wilde, Mr. Bendish, Miss Jones, Master Walker, Mr. Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Bell and six children, Messrs. Steward, Ormiston, Merruliess, Laader, Paterson, and Young, Miss Bowers, Miss Ormston, Mrs. Hughes and child, Mr. and Mrs. Dunn, Mr. and Mrs. Corkhill and two children, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Rattler, and Mr. Capel.-Total 99 cabin and 168 steerage passengers.
The Canadian Royal Mail Steam Ship North American arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday morning, the 4th inst., having left Quebec on the 24th ult. She brings 86 cabin and 116 steerage passengers. The following is a list of the former:
Mrs. Straubenzie, Miss Woods, Mrs. Davies, Mrs. M'Kay, Miss Leckie, Miss Sturgeon, Mrs. and Miss Anderson, Mr. Lefroy and lady, Miss Kilgour, Miss M'Dougall, Col. Chaytor, lady and four children, Miss Chaytor, Miss Stephenson, Mr. Gamble, Miss Harrison, Mrs. Burrowman, Mrs. and Miss Farley and two children, Mr. Rowan, Mr. and Miss Anderson, Mr. Dumford, lady and two children, Miss Jarvis, Mr. Kell, Miss Wadsworth, Miss Graham, Mr. Maitland, Mr. Henry Pict, lady and two children, Mr. Campbell, Mrs. Noble, nurse and child, Mrs. May, Miss Roughton, Mr. J.B. Stevenson, Mr. R. Ballantine, Mr. J.P. Gutch, Mr. Hutton, Mr. J.C. Chadwick, Mr. C. Allaman, Major Whitmore, Mr. C.G. Wade, Mr. James Graham, Mr. R. Graham, Mr. C. Riley, Mr. Wheatman, Captain Hayman and lady, Mr. J. Barclay, Mr. H.J. Greenstreet, wife and seven children, Mr. Domville, wife and five children, Mr. G. Gally, Mr. Machardy, Mr. A. Turgeon, jun., Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Horn, Mr. Thomson.
November 25, 1857
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 3rd inst., having left Liverpool on the 21st ult. She experienced a very stormy passage, having encountered westerly winds and a heavy head sea during the whole run. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-
His Excellency Sir Edmund Head, Bart., Governor-General of Canada; Lady Head and three servants, Miss Amabel Head, Mr. and Mrs. Beswick, six children and two nurses, Miss Tonly, Miss Fortchunch, Mr. Baby, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, Captain, Hugesson, Mrs. Hugesson, Mr. and Mrs. Brown, nurse and child, Miss M'Nab, Rev. James Herald, Mrs. Herald and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Newman and child, Rev. Mr. Rattray, Miss Rattray, Mr. and Mrs. Badenach, Hon. Mr. Boulton, Mr. Machattie, Mr. Coulson, Mr. Vannovous, Mr. Scott, Dr. Berry and servant, Mr. Kinmond, Miss Kinmond, Dr. Eddy, Mr. and Mrs. J.G. Brown, Miss Green, Miss Gildersleeve, Mr. Grundoy, Rev. D. Marsh, Rev. James Paterson, Rev. J. Rannie, Rev. J. Moffatt, Rev. L'Abbé Faillon, Rev. Mr. Rothwell, the Misses Rothwell, Mr. Covert, Mr. Warburton, Captain Prince, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Gordon, Miss Palmer, Miss A. Palmer, Mrs. Gay, Miss Payne, Miss Biddle, Mrs. Shaw, Miss Mason, Mr. Low, Rev. Mr. Fotheringham, Mr. Masson, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Westroff, Mr. Palmer, Mrs. Vial, and two children, Mrs. Jorrington and child, Miss Crichton, Mrs. Ross, Miss Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Crowle and two children, Mr. Ness, Mr. Squire, Mr. J.E. Thomson, Mr. J. Scott, Mr. R. Hall, Captain M'Kechnie, Mr. Haig, Mr. and Mrs. Dewar and nine children, Mrs. Vining and six children, Mr. Mundalla.-Total 120 cabin and 115 steerage passengers.
The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, sails to-day from Liverpool for Portland, Maine, with the Canadian mails.
From the Lakes we have accounts of many disasters. On Lake Huron the steamer Reindeer, belonging to the firm of Henderson and Holcomb, of this city, was totally lost during a tremendous storm of wind and snow. Out of twenty-five hands on board twenty-three have perished. The only two persons saved, and that almost miraculously, were two firemen, washed ashore on fragments of the wreck, with extremities frozen from the extreme cold to which they were so long exposed. At Port Stanley the steamer Free Trader, belonging to another firm in this city, caught fire at the wharf, set fire to a large schooner moored alongside of her, and also to several large and valuable stores ashore, which were all completely destroyed; damage estimated at nearly one hundred thousand dollars. Almost simultaneously with these disasters, we hear of an extensive conflagration at Chicago, causing an immense destruction of property and the loss of eighteen lives-firemen and others buried beneath the ruins. Fires in this country are generally dreadfully destructive to property, and not unfrequently to life also.
The American company who have been endeavouring to raise the steamer Canadian, sunk near Quebec, have abandoned the work seeing there is no prospect of success. The hull, machinery, &c., were advertised to be sold by auction at Quebec.
December 9, 1857
The Canadian Royal Mail steam ship Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Liverpool on the 26th November, having left Quebec on the 14th. The following is a list of her passengers:-
A.M. Dellatorre, Mrs. Baily, Mr. W.B. Morris, Mr. H. May, Mr. Weir, Captain Williams, Mr. D. Robertson, Mr. Balmer, Mr. Farquhar, Mr. Tate, Major Currie, Lieutenant Tryon, Mr. Godier, Mr. Bailey, Rev. Mr. Routier, Rev. Mr. Patry, Mr. H. Howison, Mr. J.S. Smith and lady, Mr. Thomas Casson, Mr. Ingram and wife, Col. Holdsworth, Mrs. Smith and servant, Mr. Wade, Miss M'Arthur and servant, Messrs. D. Hutton, E. M'Donald, Harvey, A.F.E. Vidal and two sons, Mr. Palmer, wife and two children, Miss Cleghorn, Miss Crawford, Captain A. Fisher, Messrs. A. Stephenson, T. Conolly, Billaries, Harvey, Burn, A.C. Belingall, Miss Christie, Mr. Burrows, Mrs. Burrows, infant and three children, Mr. R. Miller, Messrs. Sheffield, Aitken, Alexander, Mildram, Captain Roy, Messrs. Burrows, Carlton, Parker, Ritchie, Jos. Perrault; and about 110 steerage passengers.
The Royal Mail steam ship Canada, Captain Lang, sailed from Liverpool on Saturday for Halifax and Boston, with 16,370l. in specie and 116 passengers, among whom were Judge Des Barres, of Newfoundland, accompanied by his lady, son, and daughter; the Bishop of Nova Scotia and lady, and the Bishop of Huron.
In reply to a circular already issued by the Secretary of the Grand Trunk Railway Company to the Reeves of townships in Canada, statements have been received to the following effect:-
Farmersville, county Leeds-Wanted 25 adult males, 25l.; 25 female farm servants, 7l. 10s. per annum....
Canadian and American Emigration:- An important arrangement has been completed between the London and North-Western Railway and the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, by which passengers of the first, second, and third classes can be booked at the London offices of the latter Company, 21, Old Broad-street, E.C., to their destinations on the American continent, for one payment, which includes the fare from London to Liverpool, the sea transit, either by steam or by sailing ship, and the railway fare to upwards of 150 leading stations and cities in Canada and the United States, as far even as Kansas, a distance of 1,694 miles from Quebec and of 1,818 from Portland. The valuable Pamphlets on the resources of Canada, the Map of Canada, showing the railway connections with the United States, the tariff of Through Rates, and the protection afforded to emigrants by the Grand Trunk route, continue to be issued as usual, gratis, on application either personally or by letter, at 21, Old Broad-street, London, E.C.
Distinguishing the nationality or origin of the immigrants during the season of 1857, the ruturns show as follows, viz.:-
...Of the whole immigration of the season there arrived by-
There has been very little sickness among the English, Irish, and Scotch emigrants, the average mortality having been not more than one-third of one per cent., chiefly confined to children. The foreign passengers have suffered more; but among them the average mortality, between embarkation in Europe and landing in Quebec, has been less than 1 per cent., children included. The mortality at sea has been confined to the sailing ships; not a single death had been reported on board any of the steamers to the 16th Nov.
...The only case of personal ill-treatment which came under my notice was made against the officers of the ship E.A. Bright, Olive, master, from Liverpool; but they, dreading the punishment which they were sensible awaited them, deserted the ship immediately on arrival in port, and thus escaped.
The Canadian Steam Line.-The Canadian steam ship Indian, Captain Jones, will sail from this port for Liverpool this forenoon. She is the last vessel of the line from the St. Lawrence this season, and takes out with the mails about 90 cabin and 110 steerage passengers, and a very full cargo. We cannot but congratulate the company upon the character which these steam ships have acquired for speed and regularity of arrival and departure. The loss of the Canadian early in the season was not allowed to interfere with the performance of their contract, further than the detention at Quebec of some of the vessels, much to the chagrin of the people of Montreal, who seem to have a rooted idea that the barriers of nature are to be broken down, and the people of this province taxed in the shape of a large bonus to the company, so that Montreal may become what it was never intended to be-the seaport of Canada. Next year we shall have a regular weekly steam communication between the St. Lawrence and Liverpool, and the size of the additional vessels to be placed on the line will doubtless preclude further sacrifice to this Montreal whim; at any rate, in so far as they are concerned.-Quebec Chronicle, Nov. 14.
Transatlantic Competition:- It is very evident that a complete revolution is in progress in our system of ocean steam navigation. The Atlantic was going out with only twenty passengers, Commodore Vanderbilt is rapidly effecting his purpose of breaking down the monopoly which the mail contracts have given the other lines. His first blows are aimed at the Collins line,-as he always sails on the same day with its best steamers. He carries letters, not upon contract, but receiving as compensation the postage paid. He has reduced the price of a passage very largely, and has made some of the quickest trips ever effected. The result is a very serious curtailment of the patronage of the Collins line; and unless their ships also reduce the price of passage it must inevitably be broken down. The Cunarders from this port do better, because they sail on different days and enjoy better reputation. But the Cunard line from Boston has been compelled to reduce its rates by the competition of the line of screw steamers from Quebec, which is making very rapid passages and at low prices. The result is that nearly all the Canadian patronage, which used to be a very large item in the business of the Cunard line from Boston, now takes the other route, and the Cunarders have accordingly very wisely reduced their rates from thirty guineas to twenty-one pounds-a difference of nearly fifty dollars.-New York Times.
December 23, 1857
The weather, which had been cold for a few days and stopped the navigation of the canals, again became mild, and navigation was resumed. On the Erie Canal, a large amount of western produce was detained in transit, but it is now expected the whole will reach the seaboard without further difficulty. Our port is completely deserted, excepting a few steamers still plying. On Saturday last, the C.J. Kershaw, a large three-masted schooner, direct from Liverpool to Chicago, passed through on her way upwards; but I am very doubtful whether she will be able to get through the Beauharnois Canal, for the last few nights we have again had cold weather; four days earlier would have made all the difference in her favour.
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