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January 7th - May 27th | June 10th - August 5th | August 19th - Dec 23rd

Canadian News and British American Intelligencer 1857

(Published every alternate Wednesday)

Quebec Mercury, July 4, 1857 (transcribed and submitted by Harry Dodsworth)

CANADIAN EMIGRATION - THE WELLINGTON FUND

When the war ceased a considerable number of artisans who were engaged at Woolwich, were necessarily thrown out of employment. The Wellington Fund Emigration Committee have sent a considerable number of these artisans to Canada from this port, and this day the ship Henry Cook sails with them for Quebec. The whole party consists of 276 persons, 29 being single men, the others being married, and having families. Mr. J. M. Walthew, the well-known Australian emigration agent, was selected by the London Committee to manage the ship, and arrangements of the emigrants; and for his judicious and well regulated arrangements, he received due acknowledgements from all concerned. Mr. Thos. B. Barker, the Secretary of the Family Colonization, came down from London on Monday, and inspected the ship and all her arrangements, and expressed his entire approbation of all that had been done for the comfort and convenience of the passengers on board. The emigrants were forwarded by special train from North Woolwich on Wednesday evening, and were taken from Lime Street, where Mr. Woods, the chief superintendent, had buses ready, and transferred to the ship where tea and refreshments were provided for them. They were presented with tickets of the Grand Trunk Railway to take them from Quebec to Toronto, where arrangements are made to get them employment.

Quebec Mercury August 1, 1857
Arrived Quebec July 30
Ship Henry Cook, [captain] Harty, Liverpool, June 20,
[agents] Gilmour & Co, ballast, 313 pass.

Woolwich, in this context means Woolwich Arsenal, the armaments factory. The war mentioned was the Crimean War. Emigrants sailing in organized groups often had an easier voyage than independent travellers (welcomed on board with tea and refreshments!) The original source of the clipping wasn't credited but it was almost certainly a Liverpool newspaper.

August 19, 1857

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon sailed for Montreal and Quebec on Wednesday last from Liverpool, with 113 cabin and 247 steerage passengers, besides the Canadian mails.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American arrived at Quebec on the 27th ult. from Liverpool. The following is a list of her passengers:-

Miss Maimsley, Mr. and Mrs. Rushell, Mr. Neild, Rev. J. M'Collam, Captain and Mrs. Bushby, Mr. and Mrs. Lyon, nurse and child, Mr. Facile, Mr. and Mrs. Buchan and two children, Mr. Donellan, Mr. Postlethwaite, Master Jeffrey, Mr. and Mrs. Fullar, nurse and child, Mr. A. M'Pherson, Mr. J. Shuter, Mr. Ticeley, Mr. and Mrs. Thornton, Mr. H. Vihart, Mr. W.F. Murray, Mr. A. Archer, Mr. J. Henderson, Captain Hawtayne, Lieut. Bonnor, Mr. M'Neil, Mr. Rodgers, Mr. D. Coate, Mr. H. Chesshyre, Mr. William Dunbar, Mr. Best, Mr. Boidell, Mr. Catliffe, Mr. Popplewell, Mr. J.P. Atkinson, Captain Roy, Mr. and Mrs. Benson and three children, Miss Agar, Miss Vincent;-total, 53 cabin and 116 steerage.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, which sailed from Quebec on the 1st inst., arrived in the Mersey about two o'clock on Wednesday, the 12th. She brings seventy cabin and seventy-six steerage passengers, and a full cargo of breadstuffs and ashes. The following is a list of her passengers:-

Mrs. Thue, Miss Duncan, Miss Maclear, Mrs. Ridge, Miss C. Hale, Mr. Brown and lady, Rev. Mr. Duncan, Mrs. Duncan, Mrs. Kingdom, nurse and two children, Mr. Ord, Mrs. Ord and child, Mr. Jarvis, Miss Storie, Miss O'Hara, Dr. Kingdom (Canadian Rifles), Mr. O'Hara, Mr. Thompson, Mrs. R.D. Fraser, Mr. R.D. Fraser and son, Mr. Buchan, Mr. Beatty, Mrs. Buchan and two children, Mr. F. Rainsay, Mr. Hallowell, Mr. C. Raikes, Mr. G. Cowell, Dr. F. Russell, Mr. Motz, Mr. M'Lear, Messrs. M'Donald, Louis Waddington, R.G. Suzor, Hammond, Trigge, H.S. Merrill, B. Dunn, W. Walters, Mrs. Beatty and two children, Mrs. Ord's nurse, Mrs. Harwood, Miss Smith, Mr. R. Hall, Mr. Henry and son, Mrs. Henry and infant, and about eighty steerage.

The second screw steam ship, Elizabeth Jane, sailed from the London docks on the 11th inst., with a most valuable cargo of fine goods direct for Montreal. She takes out also 96 head of prize cattle, consisting of horses, horned cattle, sheep, and pigs, of the most valuable description, mostly purchased at the Royal Agricultural shows which were held this year at Salisbury and York, and which stock is destined for Canada and the States. The estimated value of the cattle is about 6,000l. The despatch with which this undertaking (sending steam ships from London to Canada) has been carried out is without precedent. The Elizabeth Jane arrived in the Victoria Docks on Friday night, the 7th instant, with 1,300 tons of coals; she discharged on Saturday, came round to the London Docks on Sunday evening, commenced to take in her outward cargo at six o'clock on Monday morning, and at seven A.M. same day had shipped 600 tons.

The screw steam ship General Williams, belonging to the North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, sailed on Thursday last for St. John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Portland (Maine), United States, with the mails and about 320 passengers.

The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's steamer Circassian, Captain Powell, from Liverpool, arrived at Portland on the 31st ult. She experienced thick fogs, and had a very severe passage throughout. She arrived at Halifax on the 27th and left on the 28th. She had 28 cabin and 300 steerage passengers from Liverpool, 10 passengers from St. John, and 14 from Halifax. A full return freight was in store for her at the Grand Trunk depot, and she would sail on the 8th inst.

Advices via New York state that the steam ship Clyde, from Glasgow, had arrived at Quebec on the 4th inst.


During a heavy gale from the eastward the steamer Arabian, on her upward trip from Munay Bay, went ashore at madame Island. She drifted from her anchors, fortunately, on a level rocky ledge. The passengers, about one hundred and fifty in number, succeeded in getting ashore and encamped on the island, an uninhabited one, where they had to remain for two days on somewhat short allowance. They were ultimately taken off by the steam tug Lady Head, despatched to their assistance from Quebec. The captain and officers behaved with great coolness and prudence, and have been presented with a complimentary address by the passengers, who were but too happy to escape with the freight.


The North America [sic] sailed on Saturday, with 150 passengers and a full cargo. The fine run of the Indian, from Liverpool to Quebec and back in twenty-six days, including a stay of seven days at the latter port, is naturally enough a subject of congratulation to us Canadians.


For the first time in the history of the telegraph, we received, on Thursday evening, late intelligence from Europe, by way of Newfoundland. The news-three days later-was brought by the steamer Circassian (not Erricson, as stated in our report), at St. John's, en route for Halifax and Portland. The telegraph line worked comparatively well, although the wires, a thousand miles in length, run through a region much beset by fogs and clouds. We have, then, fairly inaugurated the plan of telegraphing from Newfoundland, as being the first land reached by steamers from Europe, and in a short time European news will probably be received exclusively from St. John's. The steamer Asia left Liverpool the same day as did the Circassian, but cannot reach New York till the news she conveys has been long made public through the Circassian's telegraphic despatches.-Chronicle, July 24.


Quebec
A comparative statement of arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 31st of July, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 543 vessels, 275,979 tons; 1857, 753 vessels, 371,129 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 212; increase in tonnage, 95,150.

Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 24th July, and the corresponding date in 1856:-

Whence 1856 1857 Increase
From England 6,064 8,730 2,666
  Ireland 1,243 1,685 442
  Scotland 1,332 1,974 642
  Germany 3,090 4,341 1,251
  Norway 2,406 5,944 3,538
  Lower ports 96 16 --
  Total 1,431 22,690 8,539

Ship Launches.-We had the pleasure of being present, on Saturday morning, at the launch of three splendid vessels, each of them well calculated to sustain the character and reputation of Quebec shipbuilders. The first, in order to meet its proper element, was from the building-yard of Mr. W. Power; it was a barque of about, we should say, 600 tons, named after the late Dr. Kane. Nothing could exceed the beauty of the manner in which it took the water, gliding into it as majestically and grandly as if the mighty mass were embued with a living spirit of confidence in its power to contend with the elements which it was hastening to meet. We thought that the ways had rather too much inclination for the short space the vessel had to run, and were afraid that it would have touched on the opposite side of the St. Charles; she did not, however, although it was all but, and everything went off most satisfactorily. The next was the Flora, another barque of about 400 tons, from the yard of Mr. Rozeux; from the station we occupied we could not discern the manner in which the Flora descended into her new bed, which, we are somewhat afraid, will not always prove one of flowers. This vessel also presented a very handsome appearance, and we especially noticed her figurehead as displaying an amount of taste and graceful execution very pleasing. The last, but not the least, was from the yard of Mr. T.C. Lee; this was a magnificent ship of about 1,000 tons, named Minnesota. It dashed into the water in gallant style, and looked quite war-like with her ports and towering hull as she floated triumphantly on the river's bosom. On our return, happening to observe a ship in Messrs. Baldwin's yard in a very forward state, we stepped in to take a peep at her, and were very politely shown round the ship by mr. James Goudie, the superintendent of the yard. The ship, even in its present state, gives goodly promise of a perfect whole when finished. There was one feature in the construction of this vessel which struck us as new and uncommon, and most certainly much calculated to increase its strength and security; this feature consists of an angular bracing of iron, five inches wide and three-fourths of an inch thick, running from stem to stern-post at intervals of eleven feet distance one from the other. Mr. Goudie also informed us that the frame was wholly composed of natural tamarac crooks, got from the mould at the township of Leeds and conveyed from thence to Quebec by railway-another proof of how much the North Shore Railroad would facilitate and cheapen the transit of materials for shipbuilding. We were told that it was expected the ship would be ready for launching in about four or five weeks; it is a first class vessel, and of about 1,000 tons.-Gazette, July 27.


Direct Trade Between Chicago and Liverpool.-The Chicago people were in ecstasies at the arrival at that port, on the 14th ult., of the schooner Madeira Pet, in eighty days from Liverpool. Thirty-five days were occupied in making the passage to Montreal, and forty-five days from thence to Chicago. Her log, which is given in full in the Chicago Press, is an interesting and curious document. Sailed, April 24; took on board pilot, May 31; reached Quebec, June 1; Montreal, June 2; Kingston, June 12; Welland Canal, June 15; Detroit, June 27; Chicago, July 15; where she was received by a salute of 100 guns. She had an assorted cargo of iron, cutlery, china, glassware, &c., and takes back a cargo of Western produce, having been chartered for the second voyage. The Board of Trade took notice of the event, and passed congratulatory resolutions; and the people of Chicago regard this as a commencement of a large direct trade between that city and Liverpool. The Press, speaking on this subject, says:-"The obstacles to direct trade between the Lakes and Europe have already been overcome. The Welland Canal and the reciprocity treaty have opened wide the door, and it needs but the application of capital and enterprise fully to realise the most sanguine expectations. A line of propellers is being built to run from this city to Montreal, connecting there with a line of ocean-going steamers. As the current of this trade becomes deeper and broader, the necessity of increased facilities will become more apparent and pressing, and hence the construction of the Georgian Bay Canal will ere long become a prime necessity of commerce. Were the work undertaken as soon as all preliminaries can be settled, before it could be completed the growing trade of the West would afford it ample and, we can scarcely doubt, remunerative traffic. The sneers which the press of other cities may bestow upon this subject we can bear with entire composure. The Georgian Bay Canal has not encountered half the opposition, nor is it regarded as a scheme half so visionary, as was the Erie Canal, when it was first proposed by the immortal Dewitt Clinton. Were any one to predict that in half a century the direct trade of Chicago with Europe would be equal to that of New York now, it would not seem half so wild and unreal as would the prediction fifty years ago that the internal commerce of the lakes would now far outstrip the entire foreign trade of the Union. Let, therefore, those that sneer enjoy all the pleasure they can derive from sneering; the mighty, growing, ever-teeming West, will more than realise the brightest anticipations of her most enthusiastic citizens."-Toronto Globe.


Hamilton
Captain Pierce, the owner of the Dean Richmond, that made the first through trip from Chicago to Liverpool last year, has again set sail on the same route in a new vessel, built this season, called the C.J. Kershaw. At a collation given him by the Board of Trade of Chicago, he stated that a gentleman engaged in business in New York had entered into arrangements with Captain Pierce to establish a line of vessels for European ports, if the present trip should prove successful.-Spectotor.


Military.-We had the pleasure of learning some time since that Mr. A.R. Dunn, of Toronto, had been one of the fortunate recipients of the Victoria Cross on the 26th June. The Courier du Canada informs us that a young Quebecer has been as fortunate. Mr. Adolphe Casault, now in Quebec, served three years in the French Foreign Legion. He left Marseilles for the Crimea along with forty-five others of the same company, and is one of the three of those who returned, the others having perished by the accidents of war. Mr. Casault went through the campaign from the landing at Eupatoria to the fall of Sevastopol. He was one of the pontonniers at the storming of the Malakhoff, and saw twenty of his comrades fall by his side on that occasion. Mr. Casault has received the English Crimean medal.-Spectator.


Nova Scotia
The Circassian arrived at Halifax on the 27th ult. from Liverpool, G.B., via St. John's, N.F., after a passage of sixteen days from the former and three days from the latter port. She had heavy head winds during the entire passage, and much fog was encountered on this side of the Atlantic. The Circassian had quite a number of saloon passengers, and nearly four hundred emigrants in the steerage. Some of these have remained in Halifax, but the greater part proceeded on to Canada by way of Portland.


Shipping Intelligence
Arrivals at Quebec

July 26
North American (S.S.), Grange, from Liverpool; 171 pass.

July 30
Heney [sic] Cooke, Flaherty, from Liverpool; 313 passengers. [Henry Cooke]
Britannia, Dutton, from Glasgow; 8 passengers.

July 31
J.S. Parsons, Pierce, from Hamburg; 792 passengers.
Elre, Mirzep, from Hamburg; 242 passengers.

Aug 1
Joseph Rowan, Harrison, from Liverpool; 2 passengers.

September 2, 1857

It will be seen from the special reports that 26,000 emigrants had already arrived at Quebec this season, being nearly 10,000 in excess of the previous year. About 10,000 of them are Germans and Norwegians, and the remainder British subjects, nine-tenths of whom remain in Canada. About 700 emigrants reached Toronto during the week ending August 9; 300 Germans went to the States, the rest were dispersed about Canada and employed. The arrivals at Hamilton to 31st of July were 4,041, mostly Germans; about 1,000 of these remained in Canada. The total number of persons who have availed themselves of the through-booking system of the Grand Trunk Railway up to the 28th ult., was 6,380.

The Madeira Pet sailed from Chicago for Liverpool on the 5th ult. As she was the first British owned vessel that had sailed from Chicago for a British port, the event was attended with great demonstrations of rejoicing. Upwards of one hundred of the principal merchants of Chicago accompanied her down the river to the Lake, bands of music playing, and all the other shipping in the harbour saluting her as she passed. Her cargo was about 4,000 cured hides, with which she will draw as much water as the canals between Chicago and Montreal will permit.

By a telegraphic despatch which had been received from Canada, we learn that the merchants' powder magazine, containing the whole stock of powder in Halifax, exploded with a terrific concussion shortly after midnight on the 14th ult. One man was killed and fifteen others were seriously injured. Five houses were demolished and several damaged. The Government magazines and the new barracks were much shattered, and nearly all the windows in the northern part of the city were broken. The damage is estimated at $100,000. The magazine is supposed to have been fired by an incendiary. For house the excitement was intense. Many persons were thrown from their beds, and others, bewildered, rushed to the streets for safety, believing an earthquake had occurred.


The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer North American sailed on Wednesday, the 26th August, for Quebec, with the Canadian mails, a good cargo, and 113 cabin and 147 steerage passengers on board.

The Montreal Ocean Steam shipping Company's screw steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, the 26th August, having left Quebec on the 15th. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

Mr. A. Cannon, Lieut. Wyndham and servant, Mr. Storm, Rev. J. Bothwell, Messrs. G. Russell, Montezuma, W.G. Russell, S. Blackburn, E. Ryerson, Tilley, Miss Ryerson, Dr. Ryerson, Madame Rosine, Madame St. Irene, Dr. Lewis. Mr. H. Chandler, Miss Gale, Miss Bothwell, Miss Davis, Rev. Dr. Davis, lady and two boys, Miss Street, Miss Barker, Miss Cooper, Mrs. Emo, Mr. Barker, Messrs. J. Torrance, J. Rochester, W. Turner, and Ormston.-Total 70 cabin and 75 steerage passengers.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 9th August, with a full cargo, 103 cabin, and 180 steerage passengers. The Indian sailed from Liverpool at 1.30 P.M. on the 29th July; at four P.M. passed the Anglo-Saxon, from Quebec; she experienced heavy head sea till the 2nd August, and afterwards foggy weather; 263 miles was the greatest speed made in one day. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

Mr. Burnham, Mr. Brough, Mr. Starnes, Hon. J. Molson, Mrs. J. Molson, Mr. A. Molson, Mr. J.P. Clark, Rev. Mr. Jervis, Mr. S. Smith, Mr. Cornish, Professor and Mrs. Ramsay, Mr. and Mrs. J. Wilson and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Wingate, Mr. M'Call, Mrs. Masters, Miss Mortimer, Mrs. Gornal, Mr. F. Gray, Mr. Dobele, Mr. Sutherland, Mr. Ray, Mr. Stephen, Mr. W. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Adams, Mr. C. Stuart, Mr. A. Williams, Miss Holesworth, Mr. Ritchie, Miss Ritchie, Miss St. George Ritchie, Mr. Tyre, Captain M'Manus, Mrs. Leeming and daughter, Mrs. Holland and child, Mrs. Bongereau, Mr. and Mrs. Small, Mr. Robertson and two boys, Miss Tuille, Mr. and Mrs. M'Cullum, Mr. Dickson, Mr. Genereaux, Miss Copeland, Miss Watts, Miss Chalascombe, Mr. and Mrs. R. Cowan, Miss Cowan, Mr. Archer, Mr. French, Mr. and Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Mr. E. Davies, Mr. M'Kenzie, Mr. J.T. Gilmour, Mr. Hingston, Mr. Smith, Mr. Woodhouse, Mr. Daley, Captain Polleys, Mr. Walker, Mr. Wickman, Mr. Bowes, Captain Russell, Mr. Shedden, Mr. Plimsoll, Mr. Rollings, Mr. Watt, Dr. Badgely, Mr. R.M. Bell, Mr. Froome, Mr. T. Droper, Mr. Hitchcock, Miss Hitchcock, Miss C. Hitchcock, Mr. and Mrs. Thomson and two sons, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Wood, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Lindsay, Mr. Smith, Mr. Rortook, Mr. Davies and child, Mr. Maittaur, Mr. Prevost, Mr. Agazis-103 cabin nad [sic] 180 steerage passengers.

The screw steamer Clyde, Captain Meiklereid, from Glasgow 22nd July, arrived at Quebec on the 5th Aug., shortly after six o'clock P.M. She again made an excellent passage across the Atlantic. The Clyde had 27 cabin and 136 steerage passengers and a general cargo, principally for Montreal. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

Misses J. Murdoch, M. Murdoch, Mr. H. Robertson, Mrs. M. Robertson, Miss M. Robertson, Mr. H.W. Robertson, Mr. R.J. Robertson, Miss Robertson, Miss M.A. Robertson, Mr. C. Robertson, Mr. H. Robertson, Miss M. Biggs, Mr. J. Hodgson, Miss J. Cassels, Mr. J. Caldwell, Mr. J. Scott, Mrs. M. Scott, Miss E. Scott, Captain Bernier, Mr. R. Kippar, Mr. A. M'Naught, Mr. P. Brunnelle, Miss E. Tocher, Mr. J.S. Morse, Miss J. Anderson, and Lieut. H.A. Little (17th Regt.)-27, and 136 steerage passengers;-total, 163.

The screw steamer Circassian, belonging to the North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, arrived in the Mersey on Saturday, the 22nd August, after a passage of seven days twenty-two house from St. John's, Newfoundland. She brings 100 passengers and a full cargo, principally sugar and molasses. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

From St. Johns-Judge D. Barnes, Mrs. and Miss Barnes, Mr. Edward Barnes, Mr. Emerson, Misses Emerson (3), Messrs. Thomas Fleming, John Collinden, Dr. Dalton, Bishop of Carbonear, and Catherine M'Cready and infant. From Portland-Messrs. P.H. Webber, E.J. Webber, G. Crawford, M. Doyle, Miss E. Britten, Mr. A. Dunn, Mrs. Daly, Miss M. Shard, Messrs. Smeaton, S. Plonwright, J. Hartley, E. Dobson, W. Moune, G. Dickerett, W. Dakin, D. Ward and wife, J. Simpson, D. Farney and wife, Mrs. M. Wheeler and child, Mrs. Milk and child, Miss R. Phillips, Messrs. W. Cunningham, R. Ballor, J. M'Elderney, A. Campbell and family (8 adults), J. Ranstell, P. Kane, J. Frost, E. Quinn, F.D. Jackson, J. Deniscomb, Miss A. Deniscomb, Messrs. J. Buckley, Macballune, Mitchell, and Thomas Alie.


The steam ship Indian arrived at Quebec on Sunday evening, 9th inst., having experienced heavy head winds until the 2nd August. She beat the City of Baltimore, which started with her from Liverpool; the latter not reaching New York until Tuesday afternoon. A contract has been entered into with an American company to raise and deliver the sunken Canadian at Quebec for 12,000l.; should the company fail, the loss will be its own. She still lies with all her forward part, from her funnels, above water at low tide. The engineer of the Board of Works is now down the Gulf, for the purpose of selecting proper sites for the different lighthouses required and authorised by the act of last session.


The quality of emigrants is reported to be considerably superior to that of previous years. They have doubtless brought more money into the country, according to their numbers, than usual. Mr. Buchanan, the Emigrant Agent, reports that all the latest arrivals have found instant employment; and that numbers more are still asked for. This is the most cheering feature in the immigration of the present year, inasmuch as it proves that the emigrants who brought their labour to this market were not disappointed in the expectation of being able speedily to dispose of it to advantage. If the demand for hands continues active after the exhaustion of the supply furnished by immigration, it is proof that there is no pressure on the labour market, and that a scarcity and not an excess of labour prevails.

The following statement has been published by her Majesty's Collector of Customs of the arrivals at the port of Quebec from sea, in 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, and 1857, up to the 9th August in each year:-

Years Vessels Tons Average tonnage
of the vessels
1853 709 290,468 409 tons
1854 778 337,023 433 tons
1855 334 167,515 505 tons
1856 586 294,226 502 tons
1857 800 383,080 479 tons

A company of engineers and workmen have left Quebec, under the management of Mr. Betts, of Point Levy, in order to begin operations on the railroad between St. Thomas and the River Ouelle.


Lighthouses In The Gulf.-We are glad to learn that the Government are immediately to make available the vote of last session of Parliament for erecting lighthouses in the Lower St. Lawrence and in the Gulf. Mr. Paige, engineer of the Department of Public Works, is now in Quebec, on his way to the different localities, with instructions to make surveys and select proper sites. When these lighthouses are completed, the navigation of the giver and Gulf will be perfectly safe, except in cases of such gross stupidity on the part of pilots as brought about the loss of the Canadian. Mr. Paige will leave Quebec in the steamer Napoleon III for the Straits of Belle-Isle. The Hon. F. Lemieux, Chief Commissioner, and Mr. Gauvreau, of the Public Works' Department, will also take passage in this vessel on a tour of inspection.-Chronicle


The "Canadian."-R.D. Bartlett, of Bangor, the submarine enterprise man, has gone to Quebec to see about raising the steam ship Canadian, sunk in the St. Lawrence. It is thought the raising of the Philadelphia can be postponed till next season, while that of the Canadian cannot.-State of Maine, July 17.


The "Great Eastern."
We are authorised to state that this ship will be launched in the first spring tides of next month (October). The day is not as yet absolutely fixed, but this important event will probably take place on Monday, the 5th of that month. The tides will be highest on that day.


The Through-Booking System Between Europe And America
The following document, the correct translation of which has been certified by Mr. J.R. Crowe, her Majesty's Consul-General for Norway, has been received at the London office of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada:-

Chicago, July 20, 1857.
We, the undersigned emigrant passengers from Norway by the ship Hebe, Captain Svensen (from Stavanger), do hereby publicly declare that, on our landing at Quebec, we were kindly and in the best manner received by the Grand Trunk Railway Company, and thence conveyed through the country.

We found the journey comfortable and speedy, and the contract with us was in all respects strictly fulfilled.

We, therefore, advise all our friends at home who desire to emigrate hither to place themselves in the hands of the said company, by whom they will be honourably treated.

The company sent with us an interpreter, by name Almgrist, of whom we also certify that he aided us in all things, and was most solicitous to render our journey agreeable.

All our luggage was in good order and was correctly delivered to us.

Subscribed with our own hands on behalf of ourselves and others.

[Here follow 27 signatures.] (Unfortunately the signatures were not included.)


Railways In Portland:- Four lines of railway radiate from Portland. There is the southern line, extending to South Berwick Junction, 38 miles, and then connecting with lines to Boston, &c. The western line extends to Saco River, a distance of 18 miles; the eastern line forms the Kenebec and Portland road; and the northern line is the Portland and Montreal road, a branch of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada. The charter for this road was given in 1845, and the work begun in 1846. It was completed to Montreal, 292 miles, in 1853. The line of this road passes through one of the most valuable lumber districts in New England, and the various streams that it intersects or crosses, in its route, afford facilities for manufacturing industry beyond what are found on any line of equal length in the United States. The quantity of sawn lumber brought by this line in 1855 was about 60,000,000 feet. It is to this road the Portlanders look for the sources of increased wealth and commercial greatness; and doubtless, if ever the Victoria-bridge be finished, immense benefit to this city must result. "Cars," says Mr. Poor's report, "will be loaded at the Lachine Basin, direct from the canal barges, with western produce for the European market-to be transferred from the railway cars directly on board vessels at Portland. In the same way, cargoes destined for Europe will be taken off the lake steamers at Collingwood, on Lake Huron and at every intermediate port between Lake Huron and Montreal, whence they will pass on to Portland by railway, without transhipment.-Correspondent of the Toronto Globe.


Nova Scotia
By late advices from New York we learn that a telegraphic message had been received to the effect that the merchants' powder magazine at Halifax, which contained the whole stock of powder in that port, exploded on the night of the 13th August. One man was killed and fifteen others seriously injured. Five houses were demolished and several damaged. The Government magazines and the new barracks were much shattered, and nearly all the windows in the northern part of the city were broken. The magazine is supposed to have been fired by an incendiary. For hours the excitement was intense. Many persons were thrown from their beds, and others, bewildered, rushed into the streets for safety, believing an earthquake had occurred.


Yesterday, 12th inst., being the day appointed to pull the great race between St. John and Halifax, was ushered in by a glorious sunrise and the most beautiful day imaginable. The harbour scenery was enlivened on the present occasion by the presence of H.M.S. Indus, Pyramus, and hundreds of yachts and boats, filled with people of both sexes and all ages anxious to see the sight of the day.

Immense excitement prevailed throughout the city, and the wharves were lined with spectators during the contest-all of whom cheered vociferously the boats as they passed up and down in this most exciting race.

At a few minutes before eleven o'clock the contesting boats took their position in line a-midship of the Pyramus, and, amid breathless silence, waited the firing of the gun for starting. The crews came to the scratch in first rate condition. The Halifax boat was rowed by J. Holland, T. Hays, M. Fitzgerald, and T. Beazely. The St. John boat was pulled by F. Morris, J. Lambert, J. Morris, and E. Walsh, brother of the President of the Union Club.

At eleven precisely the start took place, St. John having slightly the advantage of Halifax; but it was a glorious start. The cheers from the flagship, and the dockyard, and the wharves followed the generous oarsmen as they passed down the harbour and round George's Island, from east to west. There was no waiting race on the present occasion; both crews applied themselves to their uttermost. The race was the most keenly contested ever chronicled. The St. John boat (leading) came in sight to the Pyramus in 14 minutes 58 seconds after going round George's Island, closely followed by the Halifax boat. The tug up the home stretch was a noble struggle. There was no time lost. Halifax was first if she had only pulled straight. St. John rowed most beautifully, and the Neptune fully realised the name her crew has earned in the waters of North America.

The struggle between the two boats between the Queen's wharf and the Pyramus was unequalled. The Halifax boat ran wide of her mark and nearly fouled Bennett's wharf, which caused her to lose at least three lengths. The race finally terminated by the Neptune (St. John) coming home in 31 minutes 45 seconds, followed by the Wide Awake (Halifax) in one second after, being the best and most tightly contested rowing race on record. At the termination of the contest the crew of H.M.S. Indus cheered in the most hearty manner the winning boat, well knowing, as every man who witnessed it must know, that it was a glorious race-the ship's band playing "Cheer Boys, Cheer."

The umpires on the recent occasion were, on George's Island for Halifax, J.P. Oxley, and for St. John, E.S. Potter, Esqrs., on board Pyramus, C.W. Dickson (for Halifax) and John Tilton, Esqrs. The referee was the Hon. G.A. Harding, Speaker of the New Brunswick House of Assembly.


The steam ship Circassian left this port for Liverpool, viá St. John's, Newfoundland, on Wednesday last, leaving over 700l. in freight which she might have earned. Is it not high time we had the weekly line of these steamers?-Chronicle.


Newfoundland

H.M.S. Atalanta had arrived from Cape Charles, on the Labrador, where the fishery was progressing very favourably.


Shipping Intelligence
Arrivals At Quebec

Aug. 2 - Dandy Jim, Vigneau, from Arichat; 8 passengers.

Aug. 3 - Transatlantic, Edwards, from Aberdeen; 4 cabin and 236 steerage passengers.

Aug. 4 - Clyde (S.S.), Meiklereid, from Glasgow; 27 cabin and 136 steerage passengers.

Aug. 8 - Universe, Hutchinson, from Glasgow; 2 passengers.

Aug. 9 - Indian (S.S.), Jones, from Liverpool; 103 cabin and 102 steerage passengers.
Aug. 9 - St. James, from Liverpool.

Aug. 12 - Agamemnon, Darley, from Liverpool; 117 passengers.
Aug. 12 - John Owens, Brown, from London; 491 passengers.

Aug. 13 - Stanley, Lee, from Hamburg; 168 passengers.

September 16, 1857

The examination of the parties connected with the Toronto bank robbery case was still going on at that city. The revelations are of a singular character.


A great Cricket Match between "Canada" and the "United States," played at Toronto, has resulted in a Canadian victory, after a sharp contest and capital play on both sides.


The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Liverpool on Monday, the 7th inst., at a quarter-past one, after a passage of nine days twenty-two hours from Quebec. She had a full cargo and 210 passengers. On the 29th August, off the lower end of the Island of Orleans, spoke the barque Niagara and the ship Transatlantic, bound down; off Brandy Pots, passed the ship Birkenhead, bound down, and the Inkermann, with emigrants, bound up. On the 30th August, at 7.30 A.M., off Point de Monto, fell in with the brig Louis Ferrier, with the passengers of the Clyde (S.S.) On board, which vessel had run on the Penequeto Reef, off Mingen Islands, on the 24th August, at 1.30 A.M. In another column we give full details of the wreck, by one of the cabin passengers. The Clyde's passengers have all come home by the Anglo-Saxon. Among the Anglo-Saxon's passengers is Waldon, the English railroad defaulter, who fled to Canada and was arrested at Toronto by Spittle, the London detective; also Stillman, the convict, who escaped from Bristol gaol on the 3rd May last, and was arrested in a vessel entering Quebec in the month of July. The following is a list of the passengers:-

Miss Brew, Miss Mason, Miss Curtis, Mrs. Knell, Miss Moneypenny, Mrs. Brooks, Miss Mather, Mr. Fulford and lady, Dr. Burton, Mr. Ledyard, Mr. G.S.H. Browne, lady and three children, Mr. Smith, Mr. Knight, Rev. Mr. Archambantt, Rev. Mr. Picard, Rev. Mr. Tranchemontague, Mr. L.A. Moreau, Mr. Mountjoy, Mr. Belton, Mr. Gilko, Mr. Gilchrist, Mrs. Markid, Mr.

Spittle, Mr. Waldon, Mr. Wace, Mr. E. Horton, Master Griffin and nurse, Mr. Williams, Mr. Young, Lieut. King, Mr. Gamble, Mr. Cayley, Mr. Wickham, Mr. Tuthill, wife and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Wilson and infant, Miss Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Sheerman and son, Mr. C.L. Wurtill, Mr. Wilde, Mr. Alexander Drysdale, Mr. John Drysdale, Mr. Holmes, Mr. Kenworthy, Captain Saulsby; and 80 in the steerage. Passengers from S.S. Clyde-Mr. A. Mackenzie, Lieut. Harley, Mr. A. Murray, Mr. John Bell, Mr. and Mrs. Bray, Mr. and Mrs. Parker; and 57 in the steerage, Total per Anglo-Saxon-67 cabin and 143 steerage.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, which sailed from Liverpool on the 12th ult., arrived at Quebec on the 23rd ult., making another quick passage, considering that the weather was foggy and the wind contrary during the whole voyage. The Anglo-Saxon took out 119 cabin and 138 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Among the passengers were the Bishop of Rupert's Land, chief Justice Draper, the Mayor of Quebec, and Mr. Tessier, delegates from Quebec on the seat of Government question, and Mr. Kirkpatrick, one of the Kingston delegates. There were also on board six fine prize cattle. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-

Mrs. Pon, Mr. Derbishire, the Misses Derbishire (3), Mr. Cooper, Miss Sayer, Mrs. Walker, the Bishop of Rupert's Land, Miss Anderson and servant, Messrs. H. and C. Gibbon, the Misses Gibbon (3), Mr. J.P. Roe and lady, Mr. Tinney, lady and son, Rev. Jas. Williams, lady, servant and child, Mrs. Greenham, nurse and child, Mr. Hickey, Mr. Davidson, Mrs. Manifold and child, Mrs. Adams and child, Mr. Fish, Mr. Kennedy, Dr. Morrin (Mayor of Quebec), Mr. Mann, Mr. J.L. Smith, lady and servant, Messrs. Olivier, Beaudry, J.J. Claxton, C. Gemmell, Capt. Eccles, Messrs. J. Newberry, J. M'Neile and C. Beville, Mr. Swineford, lady and four children, Mr. M'Intyre, Mr. Morris, Mr. Kirkpatrick and lady (of Kingston), the Hon. Chief Justice Draper and lady, Mr. Garneau, Mr. Blaiklock and lady, Messrs. Cunningham, J. Ross and Hunton, Mr. Tessier and lady (of Quebec), Mr. Millar and lady, Messrs. Thayer, Richardson, and M'Kay, Rev. Dr. Blackman, Mr. Harcourt and lady, Mr. Tripp, Capt. Grindlay, Messrs. Merrill, Price, and West, Capt. King, Mr. F.R. Lucas, Mrs. Lucas and six children, Mrs. James, two children and nurse, Miss James, Messrs. A. James, D. Copp, and W.G. Copp, Mrs. Copp, the Misses Copp (3), Messrs. Ripley, B. Taylor and Bowie, Miss Bowie, Mrs. Young, Mrs. Briscoe, Miss Briscoe, Miss S. Briscoe, the Masters Briscoe (3) and governess, Messrs. J. Paton, Little, Ogilvey and Ord.-Total, 119, and 138 in the steerage.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Indian sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday, the 9th inst., for Quebec, with the Canadian royal mails, 119 cabin and 166 steerage passengers, and full cargo of Manchester goods.

The Antelope, screw steam ship, Capt. Smith, belonging to the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday, the 9th inst. for Newfoundland, Halifax, and Boston, with upwards of 200 passengers, a mail and a large cargo on [sic] freight.

We are pleased to find that the natural resources and industry of Canada are likely to be well represented at the Crystal Palace. A large quantity of manufactured goods has been recently received there from the province for exhibition; among which are some handsome black-walnut furniture (a sideboard of which is beautifully designed and carved), some valuable agricultural machinery and implements, and some fine specimens of polished marble. These, with other manufactured goods and specimens of raw produce, remaining from the Canadian collection at the Paris Exhibition, are now in process of arrangement in the court assigned to them, which, being close to the grand transept, is in an excellent situation; and every day may be seen a number of workmen and others in the court, busily engaged in putting up stands, cases, &c., for the goods, and placing the latter in proper order. The articles of furniture are already arranged in the front part of the court, almost in the order in which they might be supposed to stand in a dining-room, and are raised about a foot from the ground upon a platform covered with red baize, which shows them off to much advantage. The model of the great Victoria Bridge at Montreal is placed in the centre of the court, and across it, dividing the finer description of articles in front from the heavy machinery and coarser articles in the rear. We believe that a further supply of goods for the Palace from Canada is shortly expected.


Military.-The hired transport ship Spitfire, Capt. Williams, arrived at this port on the 23rd August at noon, having on board the 7th Company of Royal Engineers, to replace the 18th Company, which has been serving with credit to every member of the corps for the last seven years. The ship came in during the midst of the prevailing south-east gale of wind and rain. The troops landed on the following morning at seven o'clock, and, headed by the fine band and drums of H.M. 63rd Regt., playing national airs, marched into the Royal Engineer Barracks. There is no lack of Crimean medals among the new comers, The Colour-Serjeant (acting Serjeant-Major) Staunfield is decorated with no less than four medals and four clasps. The Spitfire has brought out fireengines for the use of the regiments in this garrison, ammunition, &c. It is understood that the 18th Company will embark on board the same ship, for conveyance to England, on Saturday next. We can assure them that they leave this station with the very best wishes of the citizens of Halifax for their future well-being.-Halifax Chronicle, Aug. 22.


Montreal-Our port is nearly denuded of shipping, there being but five square-rigged vessels in it-amongst these the Queen of the Lakes, the advance guard of our fall fleet, that will soon be filling the harbour and encumbering the wharves with our winter supplies. The steam ship United Service arrived in port on Saturday, after rather a long passage, having had to put into Sydney to coal. The Anglo-Saxon made a fine passage, punctual to her time, and full of passengers. Many Canadians who wanted to take passage in her were disappointed, unable to obtain berths.

The weather for the past fortnight has been wet and broken, altogether unfavourable to harvesting operations. We do not hear, however, of any of the crops suffering, excepting potatoes, which in some localities begin to show signs of the rot. We shall need though, to ripen and harvest the outstanding grain, which is still considerable, a spell of warm dry weather. We have every reason to hope for this in September, seeing that we have had so much wet. In Upper Canada the crops have been housed some time, but in that section of the province they are generally three weeks or a month in advance of us here.

We have all been very much disappointed at the failure of the Atlantic Telegraph enterprise, after hoping to hear of its successful accomplishment this week. Preparations were being made in various localities to celebrate its completion with due eclat. The disappointment had consequently been great. We must now patiently abide the issue of a new trial.

The town is beginning to refill again-citizens returning to their homes from sea-side excursions and elsewhere. The city is also very full of strangers, and the hotels are driving a very brisk business-so are the railroads and steamers. Southerners affect the Canadas very much at this season; they find our cool refreshing breezes so invigorating to frames relaxed by southern heats. Amongst the arrivals at one of the hotels last week was quite a long list of Spanish names from the Havanna. At Donegani's I also saw registered the names of Lord Hervey and Viscount Althorp, and am glad to see symptoms of British travel setting in this way. Those who venture will not repent having done so.


Quebec:- A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 28th August, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 679 vessels, 344,892 tons; 1857, 835 vessels, 402,759 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 156; increase in tonnage, 57,867 tons.

Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 21st August, and the corresponding date in 1856:-

Whence 1856 1857 Increase
England 7,145 11,607 4,462
Ireland 1,390 1,693 203
Scotland 1,910 2,468 558
Germany 4,290 4,753 463
Norway and Sweden 2,821 6,084 3,213
Lower ports 131 16 --
  17,787 26,571 8,899

Remarks: Few vessels will be in port next week, all hurrying to get their deck loads, which are not allowed after Tuesday next.

The news from England is disheartening and depressing, and till the fall of Delhi takes place and matters in India assume a more healthy aspect, we fear commercial improvement will be slow.

Flour Trade with Montreal and Quebec-Canadian Steamers.-It is well understood that the Oswego market enjoys many advantages, especially since the Reciprocity Treaty with Canada, and that it is becoming the great distributing point from which the lower provinces, the New England states, and neighbouring markets, receive a fair proportion of their supplies...In this connection we will mention the fact that the bulk of these shipments were by Hooker, Jacques, and Co.'s through line of Canadian steamers, running between Hamilton, Oswego, Montreal, and Quebec. This line consists of nine steamers, the England, Wellington, Free Trader, Avon, Alps, Ottawa, Prescott, Hibernia, and St. Lawrence..... -Oswego Times.

Wreck Of The "Clyde" In The Gulf Of St. Lawrence.-At 10.15 A.M. on Saturday, 22nd of August, the Clyde left Quebec for Glasgow, loaded with a full cargo (chiefly of wheat and ashes), and having on board seven cabin and about sixty steerage and intermediate passengers. At a little after 10 P.M. of the same day, she passed the screw steam ship Anglo-Saxon, off Green Island, bound for Quebec. At 10.10 A.M. on Sunday morning, the Clyde was abreast of Cape de Monts, distant about seven miles, from whence she took a fresh departure and steered east for the west point of Anticosti. During the forenoon of Sunday the weather was calm and cloudy; but a fresh breeze from the eastward sprang up in the course of the afternoon, and towards night it rained, sometimes pretty heavily but mostly in a thick drizzle. Darkness at length set in, without making the land; but according to the course steered and the distance run, the position of the ship about midnight was supposed to be near the entrance of the Canadian channel, on the Anticosti side of it. The ship's head was then gradually hauled up to S.E., and she had only proceeded on that course a few minutes when she struck heavily on a rock and reeled over on the port side. Three bells (1.30 A.M.) Had just struck and the look out man reported "All's well," the captain watching the while on the bridge. The concussion, of course, was very severe, but not so great as to give any serious alarm as to immediate danger, and the general impression at the moment probably was that the vessel would be detained for some time-perhaps eventually lost, but that property and cargo could, at all events, be saved. Very fortunate, indeed, was it so, for had a panic broken out among the passengers at the time there can be no doubt many lives would have been lost. Immediately after the vessel struck she listed heavily over on her port side, and in less than a quarter of an hour she was making water fast abaft and evidently sinking. At this trying moment the conduct of the captain was beyond all praise. He gave his orders, which were obeyed as steadily and regularly as if nothing extraordinary had occurred. The boats were lowered and manned, the passengers passed into them without confusion or dismay, and every soul on board was placed in temporary safety before he left the wreck. Twenty minutes after the ship struck her stern was entirely under water and her cabin full; but so slight was the feeling of alarm, especially among the cabin passengers, that they were actually packing up their clothes and getting out their money, against emergency, when she made a final list over to port, filling that side of the cabin before they began to look out for their personal safety. When all were safely packed in the boats, a supply of provisions and water was put on board each, and they then laid off the wreck till daylight. A cold drizzling rain was falling at the time and daylight revealed the old scraggy rocks and islets of the Paraquettes, looming all round through a still mist. The captain then put himself at the head of the line of boats in the life-boat, keeping close order and steering to the north, and in the course of two hours made the main land, but the serf being too high to beach, he followed the course easterly and finally reached the Hudson's Bay port at Mingan there the party were most hospitably received and sheltered by Mr. Henderson, the agent of the company, who threw open his house and buildings, and placed every article he had at the captains disposal. A party was then formed, with the captain at its head, who returned to the wreck, to save as much property as possible-such as belonged to the steerage passengers, and was stowed forward, being still above water; in this they were to a certain extent successful, but the cabin passengers, the captain, and chief officer, whose rooms were aft, lost every article of property they had on board. The Lewis Ferrier, a small brigantine of about 70 tons, the property of Mr. James Scott, of Quebec, which happened fortunately to be in the offing during the day (Monday, August 24), was engaged to take the passengers and crew to Quebec, and she was, with as little delay as possible, supplied with the necessary provisions for the voyage, and all the baggage saved put on board; but it was not until Friday morning, the 28th August, that the wind and weather favoured her departure. A light breeze sprung up from the east, and the brigantine, crowded to excess, having no less than 120 people on board, got under weigh from Mingan. On Sunday morning, the 30th of August, about half-past seven A.M., the Anglo-Saxon hove in sight off Cape de Monts, when Captain Meiklereid immediately put off in his life-boat to intercept her, the brigantine showing a signal of distress at the main and steering across her track. The Anglo-Saxon, perceiving that something was wrong, bore down on the lifeboat, and shortly after ran alongside the brigantine and took all the shipwrecked passengers on board, who were most kindly cared for and provided with many comforts they much required by Capt. M'Master, the officers of the ship, and the cabin passengers. The loss of this fine vessel adds another to the numerous list of wrecks annually recurring in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, many if not all of which of late days might have been obviated had lights been properly established along the coast. And it is a matter of mingled surprise and regret to all acquainted with the navigation that so important a point as the west point of Anticosti, and several others of equal importance where buildings for the purpose have actually been erected for nearly two years, are still unprovided with lights.

The Harvest-Notwithstanding the bitter complaints and desponding murmurings of the farming community last spring, the harvest has turned out to be one of unparalleled abundance....


The "Great Eastern."
We have just been informed that unforeseen circumstances have arisen which will probably postpone the launch of this ship from the 5th to about the 16th of October. The tide on this latter day, though not so high as on the 5th, will nevertheless be sufficient to float her, with 304 feet of water to spare.

The "Great Eastern" American Tourist Arrangements.
Every railway in Canada and the United States, with one exception, has agreed to take half fares on the Great Eastern tourist trips from Great Britain through the American continent next year.


Kingston
A report, which in some way has gained ground in Kingston, that the 9th Regiment, now stationed in that city, were to be sent to India, has caused much consternation among the men of the Regiment, in consequence of which several of them have deserted to the United States. On the morning of the 24th August the whole garrison guard deserted, consisting of a serjeant and eight men, carrying five stand of arms and ammunition with them. They deserted by taking one of the officers' boats; but before leaving they scuttled all the other boats belonging to the garrison so as to prevent a pursuit.


The Continued Success of the Canadian Line of Steamers.
The steamer Indian, which sailed from Liverpool on the 9th inst., was completely full; upwards of 150 passengers and 100 tons of goods were refused admission for want of room. There has not been a berth vacant for the last fortnight in the Anglo-Saxon, which is to sail on the 23rd inst.; and the North American, for the 9th October, is rapidly filling. It will be by this last named steamer that his Excellency Sir Edmund Head, the Governor-General, will return to Canada, after a four months' leave of absence, to resume his government. Among the passengers who sailed in the Indian on the 9th inst. were Mr. Blake, the Chancellor of Upper Canada (who, we are happy to announce, is completely restored to health), accompanied by Mrs. Blake and the two Misses Blake; the Hon. John A. MacDonald, Attorney-General of Canada West; Mr. John Rose, Q.C.; Mr. Blackwell, who proceeds to Canada as Managing Director of the Grand Trunk Railway Company; and Mr. Thomas Reynolds, late Accountant of the Great Northern Railway Company, who has been appointed Financial Director of the Great Western Railway of Canada. Each of the two last named gentlemen was accompanied by his lady and family.


Government Protection To Emigrants For Canada And The United States
As soon as an emigrant ship reaches the emigrant station in the St. Lawrence, at Grosse Isle, a few miles below Quebec, she is boarded by the Government Medical Officer. If there are any sick on board they are landed and remain at the hospital, at the expense of the Government, until they are cured. Immediately on the ship's arrival at Quebec, Mr. Buchanan, the Government Emigration Agent, goes on board. He inquires into all complaints, and sees that all the conditions of the Act of Parliament for protecting emigrants have been strictly complied with. This he is able to do in a most effective manner, as, whenever an emigrant ship leaves a British port for Quebec, the Government Emigration Officer at the port forwards to him, by mail steamer, a list of every passenger, with their names, ages, sex, trade, &c. This list is always received by Mr. Buchanan a fortnight before the ship's arrival. He thus possesses every particular that may be useful to him in protecting the emigrants, and directing them to where they can at once get suitable employment. If there be any just cause of complaint against the captain of a ship, justice is afforded by a very summary law passed for the purpose, and Mr. Buchanan himself superintends the prosecution. The Government of Canada has issued a pamphlet upon the resources of the country and the prospects in store for the industrious of all classes who desire to make it the land of their adoption. This pamphlet, as well as full particulars of the Through-Booking system, by which emigrants are protected from the time of their landing until they reach their destination, together with maps of the Canadian Railways, showing their connection with those of the United States, continue to be issued gratuitously to all who apply for them, personally or by letter, at the offices of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, 21, Old Broad-street, London, E.C.


New Brunswick
A new steamer, called the Emperor, built at Carleton, has just been placed on the route between St. John, N.B., and Portland, Me. On a trial trip on the 12th inst. she ran a distance of thirteen nautical miles in fifty-three minutes.


Indus, at Halifax, August, 15, 1857
The explosion of the merchants' powder magazine, a little after midnight on Thursday, afforded an opportunity for the display of so much zeal, firmness, and activity on the part of so many officers and men whom I have the honour to command, that I feel bound to tender to them my approbation and thanks.

The characteristic promptitude with which Captain Hay summoned aid from the Indus, and the efficient manner in which Commander Wake had even anticipated his summons, as well as the zealous and valuable services of Lieutenant Herbert, R.N., and Captain Goold, R.M., with the parties under their command, in so quickly guarding and drowning the remaining half ruined magazines and shell rooms, are deserving of all praise.

I witnessed the exertions made and judicious measures taken by Mr. Chevallier, the naval storekeeper, and in order to mark my sense of the firm conduct of the men of the Dockyard, in unhesitatingly hastening forward with the fire-engine to the remaining magazines, although an additional explosion might not unreasonably be still apprehended, I have directed that they shall receive on extra day's pay; to the seamen and marines actually present, extra pay will also be granted. The serious injury effected by the explosion on the naval hospital buildings did not prevent Doctor Domville from making instantaneous and most effective preparations for the reception of the wounded, and the kind and skillful treatment they received afforded me the most lively gratification.

I am confident that all who were present will accord their approval of the prompt and steady conduct displayed by the military on this trying occasion, and more especially so of the personal firmness with which Captain Grain, of the Royal Engineers, and his party explored the remaining magazines.
(Signed) Houston Stewart,
Rear-Admiral and Commander-in-Chief
To the officers and men of the Royal Navy and of the Naval Establishments at Halifax.


Marine Disaster:- The subjoined was received in this city yesterday from Lamaline:-A large ship, name unknown, from Great Britain, bound to St. John, New Brunswick, with railroad iron and sheet copper, was cast away near Burin, Newfoundland, some fortnight since. Captain, crew, and two passengers saved. There were 52 passengers (mostly cabin) lost.-Morning Chronicle, August 25.

September 30, 1857

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer Anglo-Saxon sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday last, for Quebec, with the fortnightly mails for the Canadian provinces, 130 cabin, and 150 steerage passengers, as well as a full cargo of fine goods.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steam ship North American, which sailed from Liverpool on the 26th August, arrived at Quebec on the 6th inst., with 120 cabin and 148 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Throughout the passage the North American encountered head winds. The following is a list of her passengers:-

Miss Coombes, Miss Burroughs, Miss Littlewood, Miss Cumming, Mrs. H. Bailey, Mrs. Oliver and 2 children, Mrs. Brock, Mrs. Dunn, Miss and Master Cayley, Miss Hutchinson, Mr. Hewitt, the Misses Isaacs, Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Strong and infant, Messrs. Wright, Ardah, Boulton, and Conworth, Miss Conworth and Master Conworth, Mr. Barry, Mrs. Hall, Miss Wills, Messrs. M'Duff, M'Kenzie, Daley, Bristow, Hill, Mackay, and Chisholm, Mr. and Mrs. Denis, Mr. and Mrs. Mathers, Mr. M'Kenna, Mr. Moodie, Miss Spencer, Miss Hussey, Rev. D. and Mrs. Allison, Messrs. Bailey, Dalkin, Heward, and Blake, Major Whitmers, Mr. Wade, Mr. and Mrs. Ramsay, Mrs. and Miss Ewart, Mr. and Mrs. Torrance, Mr. and Mrs. Hunter, Messrs. Cade, Hughes, Fothergill, Fabre, Tracy, and Baxter, Captain and Mrs. Hibbart, Mr. and the Misses Boston, Messrs. Raikes, John Dods Murray, and Lyons, Mr. and Mrs. Toulmin, Mr. and Mrs. Ridont, Messrs. Hobbs, Walker, D. Thompson, and R. Pollock, Rev. Mr. Gordon, Messrs. Fabre, Sawyer, Curran, Fallon, Greenshields, Ross, M'Culloch, Twentyman, Forsyth, and Dr. King, Mr. and Mrs. Blencoe, Mr. and Mrs. Dillon, Miss Mullan, Mrs. Dinning, Miss Anchinlock, Mrs. Stephen, the Misses Allen, Messrs. Croil, Stephen, Curling, R. Curling, and Hammond, Miss Smith, Miss Steel, Miss Dinning, Miss Wright, Miss Sheron, Miss Bull, Mrs. Liddal, and Mr. Hickey.-Total, 120 cabin, and 148 steerage passengers.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, having left Quebec on the 13th inst. The following is a list of her passengers:-

Mrs. Sewell, Miss Prior, Mrs. Henderson and daughter, Mrs. Binnmore, Miss Binnmore, Mrs. Wright, Mr. Douglas, Mr. Light, Captain Walker, Rev. Mr. Halley, Rev. Mr. Schriber and son, R. Denniston, W. Elliott, Alex. Graham, Mrs. E. Pine and six children, Mrs. Blake, Mrs. Cooper, Mrs. R. Carter, Mr. G. Brett, Miss Smith, Mr. R. Carter, John Pearson, Charles Halfords, Mr. Whitemore, and about 110 steerage passengers.

We have been favoured by Messrs. Barnett, and Co., the passenger brokers, with the following extract from the letter of a passenger on board the E.A. Bright, which has safely arrived at Quebec, after a lengthened passage, owing to most unpropitious weather:-

The E.A. Bright is quite a new ship, of about 1,800 tons register, of a beautiful model, and a very fast sailer. That we have had such a long voyage is owing to the prevalence of the west winds, which is always the case at this time of the year. We were ten or twelve days beating about in the Irish Channel, and had head winds, with now and then a dead calm, all across the ocean. Thus the whole distance was made by tacking, and perhaps we have sailed 10,000 miles; getting up the river has also been a long job. My appetite has been very good, and we have no cause to complain of our rations.

Quebec
A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 11th Sept., as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following results:-1856, 704 vessels, 360,143 tons; 1857, 913 vessels, 442,498 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 209; increase in tonnage, 82,355.

Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 11th September, and the corresponding date in 1856:-

Whence 1856 1857 Increase
From England 8,488 12,852 4,364
From Ireland 1,635 1,921 286
From Scotland 2,760 3,912 [sic]252
From Germany 4,582 5,023 441
From Norway 2,845 6,416 3,571
From Lower Ports 143 16 --
  20,453 29,240 8,914

Dr. Rae's Arctic Expedition:-The schooner Iceberg, says the Oswego Times, with a cargo of coal from Cleveland for Kingston, left the Welland Canal on the 12th ult., since which time nothing has been heard of her, and it is supposed she is lost with all on board-probably in the gale of the 17th ult. The Iceberg was built at Kingston last spring, by Dr. Rae, who intended to start out with her next season for the Arctic Regions, in search of Sir John Franklin.

New Brunswick
Further particulars of the great wreck of fishing boats on the 23rd of July still continue to come to hand. After reading all that has yet come to notice concerning this extraordinary series of disasters, we cannot but conclude that it is improper to attribute it to anything to which the name of storm or tempest would be applicable. It was intimated, some time since, by parties in New Brunswick, comparatively well informed on this matter, that the wreck of so many fishermen was not owing to a storm, but to some great unusual convulsion of nature. A correspondent of the Miramichi Gleaner writes:-
That 60 men-leaving 27 widows and 71 orphans, out of the county of Gloucester alone, were lost, comprising nearly all of those who were out on the gulf at that time. Certainly a gale which could have caused such disastrous results must have been felt at some considerable distance; yet we cannot learn that any part of our coast was visited by anything of the kind. We do learn, however, from Prince Edward Island papers, that the coast of that island was, on the 22nd of July, visited by an extraordinary bore, never previously known on that coast, similar to the bore caused by the flood-tide about the head of the Bay Funday [sic]. This phenomenon, which could not be accounted for, produced disastrous results upon that coast. Boats were rendered unmanageable, rolled over and over, and thrown upon the shore; and, in many instances, lives were lost. Whether there is any mistake in the above dates or not, there seems little reason to doubt that the bore which visited the coast of Prince Edward Island was a part of the same marine convulsion which caused such fearful havoc on the north-eastern coast of New Brunswick. In this latter quarter the phenomenon was probably similar, although of a more fearful character. The boatman's greatest skill would be powerless against the effects of an immense moving wall of water rushing along and upon the coast, a fact which accounts for the fearful loss of life in the gulf, on the 22nd or 23rd of July.

A subscription for the relief of the families of the fishermen lost in the late storm has been opened in Miramichi, and already 100l. has been subscribed. It has been ascertained that 63 persons were drowned.


The Lampedo, Captain Cronk, arrived at St. John's on the 25th ult., from Liverpool, with 28 first and second cabin passengers, making the run out in 28 days. The passengers speak in the highest terms of the excellence of the vessel and accommodation, and of the kindness shown them by the captain and his officers.


Nova Scotia
Between forty and fifty miners, &c., for the Nictaux Iron Mines, together with the requisite apparatus for prosecuting these important works, came out in the General Williams.


The harbour of Pictou presents a lively appearance at the present time, there being six American barks, thirteen brigs, and ten schooners afloat, besides about twenty-five vessels belonging to the provinces. The coal trade has never been as lively as the present season; the quantity shipped per day is about 900 chaldrons, and up to the last of the present month will amount to about 70,000 chaldrons, which will probably advance to 120,000 for the season....


Newfoundland
The intelligence of the disaster which has befallen the Atlantic telegraph cable appears to have been received with less astonishment than disappointment. It is stated that Mr. Gisborne expected the accident to occur. He at once telegraphed to Peter Cooper, Esq., the President of the Company, stating that, if appointed chief engineer, with full powers, he would stake reputation, time, and 1,000l. sterling, if he did not succeed in laying down the cable, at the rate of not less than eight nautical miles per hour.


Cape Breton
The French war steamer Ardent, commanded by Monsieur Cloue, which arrived here last Sunday, reports that on the 7th instant, they met, about 15 miles west of Little Miquelon, a brigantine, with the British flag half-mast high. This vessel was abandoned, without any person on board, nor were any of the boats with the vessel. She was laden with ship-timber, and her hold full of water-she could, however, carry her sails. A crew from the steamer was put on board, and she was towed by the Ardent the same evening into St. Perrie, where she was delivered to the authorities. No papers were found on board: the following name appeared on the stern: "Ant, Workington." Where the vessel was bound, or where from, could not be ascertained; nor is the fate of her crew known.-Cape Breton News, Aug. 29.


From 1857-58 (165) Emigration. Copies or extracts of despatches relative to emigration to the North American colonies (in continuation of Parliamentary Paper, no. 125, session 2 of 1857).

"I have to report but two cases of disaster at sea occurring to emigrant vessels bound to this port during the past season; viz., the ship "Martin Luther," which sailed from Liverpool on the 9th of April, with 499 passengers, after having been a few days at sea, was dismasted in the Channel, and carried into Plymouth, where she refitted, and sailed again on the 28th of May. The second case was that of the ship, "St. Clair," which sailed from Tralee on the 11th of June with 227 passengers, and, having sprung a leak, was abandoned at sea. Her passengers were rescued by the "Ariel," of Bristol, and taken into Cork, where they were provided with a passage by the "Maria," and arrived here on the 3d of September, in good health. It is satisfactory to find, that in both these cases, although the passengers were exposed to much suffering and hardship, there was no loss of life...."

"Return No. 10.— From 31st of August to 19th September. Two thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven emigrants landed at this port during the period embraced in this return, all in good health; notwithstanding the long passages of several of the sailing ships, the average of which was over 44 days....
Among the emigrants direct from Ireland were 138 persons by the "Maria," from Cork; these were a portion of the passengers who sailed from Tralee on the 11th of June in the ship "St. Clair," which vessel foundered at sea; her passengers, 227 in number, were fortunately all saved and carried into Cork, where upwards of 80 returned to their homes; the remainder were provided with a passage by the above ship; they arrived here very destitute, having lost nearly all their effects when wrecked; they were chiefly young able-bodied men and women coming out to their friends, and under the circumstances they were forwarded free to Montreal...."

The Quebec Chronicle reports the arrival of the Maria in the September 7, 1857 issue.

She arrived on Sept 6: bark Maria, Brailey, 9th July, Queenstown, A. Gilmour & Co., ballast, 138 pass.


Shipping Intelligence
Arrivals at Quebec

Aug 29 - United Service, Creigh, from London; 73 passengers.

Aug 31 - Inkermann, Chambers, from Greenock; 238 passengers
Aug 31 - Nina, Bell, from Montrose; 88 passengers

Sept 4 - Wilhelm Tell, Wordby, from Christiania; 102 passengers [Capt. Nordby, from Christiania June 30]
Sept 4 - Elizabeth Ann Bright, Olive, from Liverpool; 511 pass.
Sept 4 - Mortimer Livingston, Samson, from Antwerp; 85 pass.

Sept 5 - An Ho, Dewin, from Canso; 3 passengers

Sept 6 - Maria, Brailey, from Queenstown; 138 passengers
Sept 6 - George Washington, Innes, from Liverpool; 2 passengers
Sept 6 - North American (SS), Grange, from Liverpool; 120 cabin and 148 steerage passengers

Sept 10 - Caledonia, Hamilton, from Glasgow; 8 passengers
Sept 10 - Juno, Honey, from Bristol; 48 passengers
Sept 10 - Hyndford, Graham, from Glasgow; 181 passengers
Sept 10 - Flora Bache, from Drammen [Flora, Capt. Bache from Drammen July 8]
Sept 10 - Heinrich Gustav, Witt, from Hamburg; 163 passengers

Sept 13 - Ion, Hudson, from London; 326 passengers

Sept 19 - Dunbrody, Williams, from New Ross

Sept 28 - Kiblain, Moffatt, from London; 6 passengers
Sept 28 - Parland, from Plymouth; 3 passengers

October 14, 1857

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 19th ult. She left Liverpool at noon on the 9th and made a good passage, though she has had strong head winds. On one day, the 14th, the distance run was 304 miles. The Indian took out 130 cabin and 160 steerage passengers, and a full cargo. Among the passengers were Chancellor Blake and the Hon. J.A. M'Donald, Attorney-General of Upper Canada. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-

Mrs. Cuthbert and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds, Miss Reynolds, Misses C.E. and J. Reynolds, Masters Y. Henry E. and H. Reynolds and nurse, Miss Durham, Misses E. and J. Durham, Miss Robinson, Dr. F. Russell (Toronto), Mr. and Mrs. M'Leod and six children, Miss Johnston, Rev. D. Fraser, Mrs. Fraser, child and servant, Mrs. Fraser, sen., Miss Fraser, Miss Wood, Mr. and Mrs. Ross, Miss Ruren, Messrs. Wheatman, H. Wells, Howes, Parke, Snelling, Miss Anderson, Mr. Parrott, Mr. and Mrs. Betts and servant, Misses Mary, Lucy, Hyla, Clara and Augusta Betts, Masters Henry, John and Frederick Betts, Mr. and Mrs. Blackwell, Miss Blackwell, Miss Fanny Blackwell, Masters Charles, John, Edward, Kenneth and Lewis Blackwell and nurse, Mr. Tremticke, Mrs. Stevenson, Mr. Corrie, Mr. J. Thompson, Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Houlditch, Miss Skinner, Mr. Lavender, Mr. Morrison, Mr. T. Oliver, Mr. Kershaw, Lieut. Cook and servant, Miss Russell, Mr. Budden, Hon. J.A. M'Donald, Mr. Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Torrance and son, Mr. and Mrs. Willington and child, Miss Blackwell, Mr. and Mrs. Henderson, Miss Hancom, Mr. and Mrs. Pode, Mr. Chancellor Blake, Mrs. Blake, Miss Blake, Miss Emma Blake, Mr. Charles Blake, Mr. Polson, Mr. J. Langlois, Mr. W. Benham, Mr. and Mrs. Foster, Mr. and Mrs. Scott and child, Mrs. Cooke, Mr. Moore, Mr. Lewis, Mr. Moysney, Mrs. Norman, three sons and servant, Miss Read, Mr. Reynolds and two servants, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Edwards, Mr. Mayhew, Captain Brown, Mr. Hanbury, Mr. and Mrs. Adams, Mr. Whydden, Mrs. Hubbard, Mr. J. Wilson, Mr. W. Steer.-Total, 130 cabin and 160 steerage passengers.

The North Atlantic Company's screw steam ship General Williams, Captain Flinn, arrived in the Mersey, on the 29th ult., from Portland and St. John's, Newfoundland, with dates from the latter to the 19th ult. inclusive, 30 passengers, and 2,000 barrels of flour as cargo.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Ship Company's steamer Indian, Captain Thomas Jones, arrived in the Mersey on the 7th inst., bringing advices from Quebec and Montreal to the 26th September. The Indian had on board 50 cabin and 115 steerage passengers, among whom were:-

Captains Wardell and M'Ghie, Mrs. Wardell and two children, Miss Steele, Mrs. Travers and child, Mrs. Williams, child and servant, Mrs. Paterson and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Rothwell, Mr. and Mrs. Barlow and three children, Mr. R. Gimrie and daughter, Messrs. M'Callum, David Thomson, Cruise, Cornish, Simpson, G. Leighton, Thos. Riekie, Watts, Treacy, S.S. Thomson, Crowley, H.L. Lawson, John Stone, W.H. Pym, Gagnow, Shuter, Baley, John Corly, G.H. Smith, John Carrol, Kippen, F. Ford, F. Salmon, W. Parse, John Wilson, and H. Flood.

The Montreal Ocean Steam Shipping Company's screw steamer North American, Capt. Grange, sailed from Liverpool on the 7th inst., for Quebec, with the Canadian mails and a large cargo. Her berths were completely filled.


The Through-Booking System:- The subjoined is a copy of a certificate that has been received at the London offices of the Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada:-"Kingston, September 22, 1857-We, the undersigned passengers, ticketed in Liverpool by Messrs. Sabel and Cortis, Grand Trunk agents, by the ship Ocean Bride, have received every attention from their agents in Point Levi (South Quebec), one of whom has accompanied us hither this day, and to whom we tender our best thanks. Signed on behalf of ourselves and others." (Here following eighteen signatures, attested by A. Samuels, agent to the Company.) [no signatures listed in paper]

Quebec
A comparative statement of the arrivals and tonnage at the port of Quebec, from the commencement of the present year to the 25th of September, as contrasted with the returns of the previous year for the same period, shows the following result:-1856, 774 vessels, 398,351 tons; 1857, 1,001 vessels, 494,602 tons. Increase in number of vessels, 227; increase in tonnage, 96,251.

Return of the number of passengers arrived at the port of Quebec from the opening of the navigation to the 24th July [sic], and the corresponding date in 1856:-

Whence 1856 1857 Increase
From England 8,695 14,439 5,744
From Ireland 1,635 1,966 331
From Scotland 2,760 3,144 384
From Germany 4,582 5,023 441
From Norway 2,845 6,416 3,571
From Lower Ports 143 24 ---
20,660 31,012 10,470

Our arrivals have been pretty numerous since we last issued our circular, and we do not expect over 150 to 200 more vessels during the remainder of the season.


Shipping Intelligence
Arrivals at Quebec

Sept 16 - Bowes, Ellwood, from Workington; 3 passengers
Sept 16 - Cambria, Russell, from Glasgow; 8 passengers
Sept 16 - Anglesea, Crawford, Liverpool; 22 passengers

Sept 17 - Oriental, Tom, from Plymouth; 5 cabin and 218 steerage passengers
Sept 17 - Flora, Kjolner, from Liverpool; 1 passenger
Sept 17 - Cap Rouge, Simmonds, from Plymouth; 115 passengers
Sept 17 - Bangalore, Gill, from Fowey; 2 cabin and 70 steerage passengers

Sept 19 - Ocean Bride, -----; 4 cabin and 386 steerage passengers
Sept 19 - Indian (SS), Jones, from Liverpool; 130 cabin and 153 steerage passengers

Sept 20 - Argentinus, Gillespie, from Londonderry

Sept 21 - Stadacona, Willis, from Portsmouth; 10 passengers
Sept 21 - Creole, Shields, from Londonderry; 9 passengers
Sept 21 - Berbice, Scott, from Berdeen; 4 cabin and 65 steerage pass

Sept 22 - City of Quebec, Tulloch, from Aberdeen, 53 passengers

Sept 24 - Melbourne, Playter, from Liverpool; 30 passengers

October 28, 1857

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Quebec on the 5th inst., having left Liverpool on the 23rd ult. The Anglo-Saxon had 124 cabin and 148 steerage passengers, besides a very full cargo, including some prize breeding stock, sent out by Mr. Bell, of Liverpool. Throughout the whole passage she encountered severe westerly winds and heavy head seas. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

Mrs. and Miss Mason, Miss Green, Miss Gardener, Mr. and Mrs. Wainwright, Mr. Wainwright, jun., the Misses Wainwright (3), Mr. and Mrs. Boalbla, Miss Boalbla, Mr. and Miss Maclean, Mr. and Mrs. Angers, Mrs. and Miss Hart, Mr. Hayward, Mr. Fowler, Mr. and Mrs. Beaulieu, Mr. and Mrs. White, the Misses White (2) and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Keith, Messrs. E. Jones, Smith, Miles, Williams, Mountain, Mohun, Mrs. Briffith, Mr. Ilvery, Mrs. Harkness, Miss Emerson, Miss Stubbs, Mrs. Robertson, Mr. and Mrs. James Crawford, Mrs. and the Misses (2) Elmsley, Mr. and Mrs. Stovel, Messrs. Cockayne, Ballantyne, Barker, Captain and Mrs. Bourke, three children and servant, Col. and Mrs. Skyring, four children and servant, Rev. Mr. Bonsfield, Mr. Mackenzie, Mdme. Renter and two children, Mr. E. Poston, Mr. Creswell, Mr. Scott and son, Mr. and Mrs. Crawford, two children and servant, Mr. Benjamin, Mr. Baker, Dr. L. Smith, Messrs. Glover, Galt, and Hill, Rev. Mr. Bentley, Rev. Mr. Tallier, Rev. Mr. Claret, Mr. F. King, Mr. Coplestone, Captain and Mrs. Miles, Captain Fry, Messrs. Hentig, Nicol, Hay, Harrison, Cotter, Beardman, Spec, Searce, Woodman, Taylor, and Harkness, Mr. and Mrs. Roach, Mr. and Mrs. Upton, five children and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Green, six children and servant.

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, arrived at Liverpool on the 20th inst., having left Quebec on the 10th. She brings 68 cabin and 114 steerage passengers. The following is a list of the former:-

Miss Rice, Mrs. Meikleham and child, Mr. Watson, Miss Walker, the Misses Grimshaw, Mrs. Chapman and son, Mr. W. Osborne, wife and infant, Mrs. Kingston and friend, Professor Kingston and two children, Mrs. and Miss Metcalf, Mrs. Hogan, J.C. Cooper, Mr. Cuttel, Captain Sewell and wife, Mr. Serecold, Professor Ramsay and wife, Mr. Light, Mr. Jeffery, Mr. Hoffming, Mr. and Mrs. M'Kay, Messrs. Petery and Gray, R.W. Ferrier, Mr. L. Stayner, Mr. J. Fraser, Judge Mondelet, Mr. Beard, Miss Johnstone, Mrs. Radford and child, Mr. Wells, Mr. James Davie, F.J. Mink, Mr. Evans, Mr. F. Rule.

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, also sailed on Wednesday from Liverpool for Quebec and Montreal, having on board 250 passengers (130 chief cabin), the Canadian mails, and a full cargo. Among the cabin passengers were Sir Edmund Head (Governor-General of Canada), Lady Head, and suite. The Indian had no specie on freight, but it is believed that some of the passengers had a considerable quantity.

In future, during the winter months, the steamers of this line will run to Portland, United States, as the navigation of the St. Lawrence will be then closed.

The North Atlantic Steam Navigation Company's screw steamer Antelope, Captain Smith, which sailed from Portland, U.S., on the 5th; Halifax, N.S., on the 7th; and St. John's, Newfoundland, on the 12th inst., arrived in the Mersey at three o'clock on Friday afternoon.


The Vulcan (6), iron screw steam ship, commander Secombe, from Portsmouth, arrived at Quebec on the 8th October, to embark the 9th Regiment, ordered to England. She was to sail on the following week.


The Margaret Ann, Captain Mortley, one of the "Plymouth" line of American packets despatched by Mr. J.B. Wilcocks, arrived at Quebec on the 30th September; all well. We copy the following from the Quebec Morning Chronicle:-

To Captain Wm. Mortley.-We, the undersigned passengers by the ship Margaret Ann, on her voyage from Plymouth to Quebec, after a favourable passage, desire to return out warmest thanks to Captain Mortley, officers, and crew, for the kindness and attention received from them; and more especially to Captain Mortley, who has endeavoured from the commencement to promote the health and happiness of all on board.
(Signed)
W.H. Hurdon, John Mutton, Edw. Bannister, Jane Mutton, Chas. J. Lewis, Packer Tiee, H. Curzon, G.W. Holman
Captain Mortley was also, on this occasion, presented with a handsome piece of plate.
Quebec, Oct. 1, 1857.


New Brunswick
The city of St. John, N.B., has been left in darkness since the night of the 1st inst., the directors of the Gas Company having refused to light the street lamps on account of some misunderstanding between the corporation and the company about the terms of the gas supply. The public and the press seem dissatisfied with the course of the Common Council.

Party spirit is running very high. We find that there is now a Government party steamer and an Opposition party steamer plying between St. John's and Portland; and for weeks past the Government and Opposition press of St. John have been at swords' points, contending about the merits and shortcomings of the rival steamers. The desire for a party triumph has, it is said, reduced the steamer fare between St. John and Portland to 1s. 3d. A passenger.

The 76th Regiment embarked on board the Jura on Wednesday, September 30, which had arrived at St. John the previous Monday for the purpose of taking them, and sailed on Thursday for Cork.


Caution to Emigrants to the United States
Hard times are in prospect for the coming winter, according to the New York Tribune, which stated some weeks ago that before the winter is far advanced there will be one hundred thousand people out of employment in the city of New York. The picture of the approaching winter which the writer of the Tribune draws is indeed gloomy, and we are forced to think that our contemporary is inclined to croak considerably. Last fall a precisely similar story was told. No doubt, however, the pressure in the money market and the bank failures will have some effect on the labour market. In the course of the article the Tribune says:-"In addition to other causes of distress which exist in this metropolis, we are likely to have for the coming winter scarcity and high prices of bread. The crop of wheat is a bountiful one, but there are no means of getting it to New York. The canals are comparatively idle, because the derangement of the exchanges renders it impossible to send forward the breadstuffs, without which the eastern cities must suffer a virtual famine, with plenty at their doors. It is true the railroads may do much to alleviate the distress after the lakes and canals are closed; but they can only partially meet the case. Thus flour may be worth $5 a barrel at Chicago and $10 in New York. What, then, will those do who depend on their daily labour for their daily food, and who, owing to the pressure, are thrown out of employment? It must be a winter of terrible and wide-spread suffering. We learn that from all quarters of the country mechanics are thronging to New York in search of employment; this is folly, for which they are likely to suffer. Business of every sort is stagnant here, as it is everywhere else. Manufactories and workshops are either closed or more than supplied with hands already. There is not a job to be done which has not already at hand twice the number of workmen required to complete it. Keep away from the city, then! Stay where you are known, and where you can struggle through the impending want of winter with at least some friends and acquaintances to help you, or give you an occasional cheering word. Don't come here to swell the vast array of idleness and suffering which, three months hence, will appeal to the citizens of New York for charity."


Nova Scotia
The following ships of war were in harbour at Halifax:-Indus, 76 (flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Houston Stewart, K.C.B.), Capt. Hay; Brilliant, 20, Capt. Paynter; Basilisk, 6, paddle sloop, Com. Phayre; Netley, 6, cutter, Lieut. Mead; Pyramus, receiving ship.

On the 29th ult. H.M. steamer Brilliant arrived at Halifax from the West Indies, with cases of yellow fever on board. No danger, however, was apprehended.

Among the victims to the yellow fever on board H.M.S. Brilliant, 20, during the period she was stationed in the Windward Islands, was the Rev. Thomas H. Watson, chaplain and naval instructor of that ship. He was appointed in June, 1856, about one month after the Brilliant was commissioned. The Journal states that the late gentleman's widow is at present in Halifax, a guest of Captain and Mrs. Hay.


Shipping Intelligence
Arrivals at Quebec

Sept 29 - Algeria, M'Millan; 2 cabin passengers

Oct 1 - City of Quebec, Graham, from London; 7 passengers
Oct 1 - Gambeze, Inglis, from Glasgow; 9 passengers
Oct 1 - Fergus, Edmonds, from Belfast; 23 passengers
Oct 1 - M'Dannell, comer, from London; 128 passengers
Oct 1 - Eagle, Blight, from Penzance; 5 passengers

Oct 2 - Jenny Lind, Foran, from Waterford; 9 passengers
Oct 2 - Lady Peel, Moon, from Plymouth; 8 passengers
Oct 2 - Lady Seymour, England, from Bristol; 28 passengers

Oct 4 - Countess of Loudon, Richards, from Plymouth; 16 pass.

Oct 5 - Anglo-Saxon (SS), M'Master, from Liverpool; 124 cabin and 148 steerage passengers
Oct 5 - Hibernia, Donken, from London; 17 passengers

Oct 6 - Erromanga, Watson, from Greenock; 7 passengers

Oct 8 - H.M.'s Screw Troop Ship Vulcan, 6, Commander Secombe, from Portsmouth
Oct 8 - Tomoganops, Poe, from Glasgow; 1 passenger

November 11, 1857

The Canadian Royal Mail screw steamer North American, Captain Grainger, which left Liverpool on the 7th October, arrived at Quebec on the 19th. The North American encountered strong westerly gales during her voyage. On the 11th Oct., in lat. 57.97, long. 29 W., she experienced a furious gale, shipped a heavy sea, carrying away after gangway and binnacle, and which stove in saloon doors and port gig. She, however, made a very good passage, considering the season. Her advices are eight days later than those previously received. The following is a list of the cabin passengers:-

Miss Middleton, Mr. and Miss Dunnett, Mrs. Spiers, Mrs. M'Kidd, Miss M'Donald, Miss Patrick, Mrs. Burstall, Mr. James Smith, Mr. R.C. Smith, Mr. Wade, Mrs. and Miss Savage, Miss A. and Miss L. Savage, Mr. Savage, Mr. and Mrs. Blackburn, Miss Goss, Miss Kay, Mrs. Hopton, servant and two children, Miss Lennox, Mr. and Mrs. Wooley, Captain Chapman, Captain Roy, Mr. Burns, Mrs. Poffard, Miss Gaird, Mr. J. and Mrs. Parker, Mr. Bowen, Mr. Bridge, Mr. A. Burrows, Rev. D. and Mrs. Gordon and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Kidd, Mr. D. M'Dursdall, Mr. Brampton, Miss Walker, Mr. and Mrs. Norris, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard, Mr. T. Holland, Mr. T. Carew Bolton, Hon. Mr. Murney, Mrs. and the Misses Murney, Messrs. D. and B. Graham, Mr. Russell, Mr. Ginders, Rev. Mr. Vincent, Mr. and Mrs. Likely, Miss Jenning, Mr. and Mrs. Morse, Mr. J.H. Wilde, Mr. Bendish, Miss Jones, Master Walker, Mr. Beattie, Mr. and Mrs. Bell and six children, Messrs. Steward, Ormiston, Merruliess, Laader, Paterson, and Young, Miss Bowers, Miss Ormston, Mrs. Hughes and child, Mr. and Mrs. Dunn, Mr. and Mrs. Corkhill and two children, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Rattler, and Mr. Capel.-Total 99 cabin and 168 steerage passengers.

The Canadian Royal Mail Steam Ship North American arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday morning, the 4th inst., having left Quebec on the 24th ult. She brings 86 cabin and 116 steerage passengers. The following is a list of the former:

Mrs. Straubenzie, Miss Woods, Mrs. Davies, Mrs. M'Kay, Miss Leckie, Miss Sturgeon, Mrs. and Miss Anderson, Mr. Lefroy and lady, Miss Kilgour, Miss M'Dougall, Col. Chaytor, lady and four children, Miss Chaytor, Miss Stephenson, Mr. Gamble, Miss Harrison, Mrs. Burrowman, Mrs. and Miss Farley and two children, Mr. Rowan, Mr. and Miss Anderson, Mr. Dumford, lady and two children, Miss Jarvis, Mr. Kell, Miss Wadsworth, Miss Graham, Mr. Maitland, Mr. Henry Pict, lady and two children, Mr. Campbell, Mrs. Noble, nurse and child, Mrs. May, Miss Roughton, Mr. J.B. Stevenson, Mr. R. Ballantine, Mr. J.P. Gutch, Mr. Hutton, Mr. J.C. Chadwick, Mr. C. Allaman, Major Whitmore, Mr. C.G. Wade, Mr. James Graham, Mr. R. Graham, Mr. C. Riley, Mr. Wheatman, Captain Hayman and lady, Mr. J. Barclay, Mr. H.J. Greenstreet, wife and seven children, Mr. Domville, wife and five children, Mr. G. Gally, Mr. Machardy, Mr. A. Turgeon, jun., Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Horn, Mr. Thomson.

November 25, 1857

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Quebec on the 3rd inst., having left Liverpool on the 21st ult. She experienced a very stormy passage, having encountered westerly winds and a heavy head sea during the whole run. The following is a list of her cabin passengers:-

His Excellency Sir Edmund Head, Bart., Governor-General of Canada; Lady Head and three servants, Miss Amabel Head, Mr. and Mrs. Beswick, six children and two nurses, Miss Tonly, Miss Fortchunch, Mr. Baby, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, Captain, Hugesson, Mrs. Hugesson, Mr. and Mrs. Brown, nurse and child, Miss M'Nab, Rev. James Herald, Mrs. Herald and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Newman and child, Rev. Mr. Rattray, Miss Rattray, Mr. and Mrs. Badenach, Hon. Mr. Boulton, Mr. Machattie, Mr. Coulson, Mr. Vannovous, Mr. Scott, Dr. Berry and servant, Mr. Kinmond, Miss Kinmond, Dr. Eddy, Mr. and Mrs. J.G. Brown, Miss Green, Miss Gildersleeve, Mr. Grundoy, Rev. D. Marsh, Rev. James Paterson, Rev. J. Rannie, Rev. J. Moffatt, Rev. L'Abbé Faillon, Rev. Mr. Rothwell, the Misses Rothwell, Mr. Covert, Mr. Warburton, Captain Prince, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Gordon, Miss Palmer, Miss A. Palmer, Mrs. Gay, Miss Payne, Miss Biddle, Mrs. Shaw, Miss Mason, Mr. Low, Rev. Mr. Fotheringham, Mr. Masson, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Westroff, Mr. Palmer, Mrs. Vial, and two children, Mrs. Jorrington and child, Miss Crichton, Mrs. Ross, Miss Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Crowle and two children, Mr. Ness, Mr. Squire, Mr. J.E. Thomson, Mr. J. Scott, Mr. R. Hall, Captain M'Kechnie, Mr. Haig, Mr. and Mrs. Dewar and nine children, Mrs. Vining and six children, Mr. Mundalla.-Total 120 cabin and 115 steerage passengers.

The Canadian Royal Mail steamer Anglo-Saxon, Captain M'Master, sails to-day from Liverpool for Portland, Maine, with the Canadian mails.

Lower Canada
Montreal (From our own Correspondent.)
The steam ship Indian did not arrive at Quebec until seven o'clock on Tuesday morning last, having on board his Excellency the Governor-General and Lady Head, and a large number of other passengers. His Excellency did not land at Quebec at all, but came on immediately by special train from Point Levi, arriving here about one o'clock P.M. He was received on landing by the city authorities and militia staff-the Royal Artillery and Montreal Field Battery each firing salutes as he passed up the river....The Indian arrived here on Thursday afternoon, and is now engaged discharging her Montreal cargo. She has been enabled to come up here this trip in consequence of her day of departure from Quebec having been deferred to the 14th inst., which will be her last voyage from the St. Lawrence this year. Afterwards Portland and the monthly trips will be the order until the opening of the navigation next spring. The Harbour Commissioners have been zealously engaged for some time past with three powrful steam dredges at work in the port, removing some of the impediments complained of by the agents of the company. It would be rather strange, and not at all characteristic of our people, to neglect doing the needful in small matters, after the immense expense they have already incurred to facilitate the trade and commerce of the place....

From the Lakes we have accounts of many disasters. On Lake Huron the steamer Reindeer, belonging to the firm of Henderson and Holcomb, of this city, was totally lost during a tremendous storm of wind and snow. Out of twenty-five hands on board twenty-three have perished. The only two persons saved, and that almost miraculously, were two firemen, washed ashore on fragments of the wreck, with extremities frozen from the extreme cold to which they were so long exposed. At Port Stanley the steamer Free Trader, belonging to another firm in this city, caught fire at the wharf, set fire to a large schooner moored alongside of her, and also to several large and valuable stores ashore, which were all completely destroyed; damage estimated at nearly one hundred thousand dollars. Almost simultaneously with these disasters, we hear of an extensive conflagration at Chicago, causing an immense destruction of property and the loss of eighteen lives-firemen and others buried beneath the ruins. Fires in this country are generally dreadfully destructive to property, and not unfrequently to life also.


The American company who have been endeavouring to raise the steamer Canadian, sunk near Quebec, have abandoned the work seeing there is no prospect of success. The hull, machinery, &c., were advertised to be sold by auction at Quebec.


New York Times, December 1, 1857, Ship and Sea News (transcribed and submitted by Harry Dodsworth)

EMIGRANTS DURING THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER LANDED AT CASTLE GARDEN

Nov 2. Ship Australia, Liverpool ........................... 483
Nov 2. Ship Rhine, London ................................... 153
Nov 2. Ship Neptune, Liverpool ............................ 734
Nov 2. Bark Doretta, Bremen ................................ 262
Nov 2. Bark Cedar, Bremen .................................. 239
Nov 2. Bark Wursetta, Bremen .............................. 265
Nov 3. Ship Armede Snow, Havre ......................... 162
Nov 3. Ship President Filimore, London ................... 93
Nov 4. Steamer Ericsson, Bremen .......................... 209
Nov 4. Steamer City of Baltimore, Liverpool .......... 397
Nov 6. Ship Osprey, Bristol ................................... 131
Nov 6. Ship Baltic, Liverpool ................................... 28
Nov 9. Ship Amazon, London ................................ 212
Nov 10 Ship Empire, Liverpool .............................. 431
Nov 10 Ship Alfred Storer, Liverpool ....................... 40
Nov 11 Ship Germania, Havre ................................ 290
Nov 11 Ship American Congress, London .............. 175
Nov 11 Ship Dinsbury, Rotterdam ............................ 61
Nov 12 Ship Benjamin A. Adams, Liverpool ........... 546
Nov 12 Ship New World, Liverpool ....................... 509
Nov 13 Ship Pomona, Liverpool ............................. 318
Nov 13 Ship Guttenberg, Hamburg ......................... 275
Nov 13 Ship Lutzerland, Liverpool .......................... 477
Nov 13 Bark Eliza Rubeke, Hamburg ...................... 365
Nov 16 Ship Antarctic, Liverpool .............................. 30
Nov 16 Ship Plutarch, Liverpool .............................. 312
Nov 16 Ship Princeton, Havre ................................. 420
Nov 16 Ship Zunich, [no origin] ............................... 127
Nov 16 Schooner City of Washington, Liverpool ...... 193
Nov 17 Schooner Glasgow, Glasgow ....................... 365
Nov 17 Ship Chas. Cooper, Antwerp ....................... 270
Nov 17 Ship Ellen Austin, Liverpool .......................... 560
Nov 18 Ship David Hoadley, Antwerp ...................... 248
Nov 19 Ship Julia G. Tyler, Leghorn ........................... 18
Nov 19 Ship Tuisco, Bremen .................................... 360
Nov 19 Ship Jas. Foster Jr., Liverpool ...................... 429
Nov 19 Ship Oregon, Havre ..................................... 258
Nov 23 Ship Louis Napoleon, Hamburg ................... 327
Nov 24 Ship John Bright, Liverpool .......................... 456
Nov 24 Bark Suwa, Hamburg .................................. 207
Nov 25 Bark Olympia, Bremen ................................ 280
Nov 27 Bark Johannes, Hamburg ............................. 298
Nov 27 Bark Schlosser, Bremen ............................... 278
Nov 27 Ship Joseph Gilchrist, Liverpool ................... 196
Nov 30 Bark Elbe, Hamburg .................................... 196
Nov 30 Ship Rockaway, Havre .................................. 89
Nov 30 Ship Southampton, London .......................... 164
Nov 30 Ship Rockland, Havre .................................. 302
Nov 30 Ship Albert Gallatin, Liverpool ...................... 260
Nov 30 Ship Yorktown, London ............................... 195
Nov 30 Ship Aranant, Bremen landed at dock ............... 6
Total ................................................................... 13,809

All these, upon landing at Castle Garden, have to pass under the personal inspection of the Doctor associated with the Commissioners of Emigration who make a record of all persons who, from their age or infirmities, or being women with young children and without husbands, are liable to become chargeable. Among those who arrived yesterday by one ship was an old man with four daughters, one enceinte and without a husband, who admitted their passages were paid by the authorities of Darmstadt.

The list is as printed - errors included. The two 'Schooners' City of Washington and the Glasgow, were steamers! The summary lists the Glasgow as having 365 passengers; however the daily report notes 28 cabin and 89 steerage - quite a difference. The Zunich [no origin] was the Zurich from Havre. The Tuisco (Nov. 19) was the Tuisko - a ship recorded here recently. Note the Aranant (Nov. 30) - presumably because she had only six passengers, they were landed at the dock and not at Castle Garden.

December 9, 1857

The Canadian Royal Mail steam ship Indian, Captain Jones, arrived at Liverpool on the 26th November, having left Quebec on the 14th. The following is a list of her passengers:-

A.M. Dellatorre, Mrs. Baily, Mr. W.B. Morris, Mr. H. May, Mr. Weir, Captain Williams, Mr. D. Robertson, Mr. Balmer, Mr. Farquhar, Mr. Tate, Major Currie, Lieutenant Tryon, Mr. Godier, Mr. Bailey, Rev. Mr. Routier, Rev. Mr. Patry, Mr. H. Howison, Mr. J.S. Smith and lady, Mr. Thomas Casson, Mr. Ingram and wife, Col. Holdsworth, Mrs. Smith and servant, Mr. Wade, Miss M'Arthur and servant, Messrs. D. Hutton, E. M'Donald, Harvey, A.F.E. Vidal and two sons, Mr. Palmer, wife and two children, Miss Cleghorn, Miss Crawford, Captain A. Fisher, Messrs. A. Stephenson, T. Conolly, Billaries, Harvey, Burn, A.C. Belingall, Miss Christie, Mr. Burrows, Mrs. Burrows, infant and three children, Mr. R. Miller, Messrs. Sheffield, Aitken, Alexander, Mildram, Captain Roy, Messrs. Burrows, Carlton, Parker, Ritchie, Jos. Perrault; and about 110 steerage passengers.

The Royal Mail steam ship Canada, Captain Lang, sailed from Liverpool on Saturday for Halifax and Boston, with 16,370l. in specie and 116 passengers, among whom were Judge Des Barres, of Newfoundland, accompanied by his lady, son, and daughter; the Bishop of Nova Scotia and lady, and the Bishop of Huron.

In reply to a circular already issued by the Secretary of the Grand Trunk Railway Company to the Reeves of townships in Canada, statements have been received to the following effect:-

Farmersville, county Leeds-Wanted 25 adult males, 25l.; 25 female farm servants, 7l. 10s. per annum....

Canadian and American Emigration:- An important arrangement has been completed between the London and North-Western Railway and the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, by which passengers of the first, second, and third classes can be booked at the London offices of the latter Company, 21, Old Broad-street, E.C., to their destinations on the American continent, for one payment, which includes the fare from London to Liverpool, the sea transit, either by steam or by sailing ship, and the railway fare to upwards of 150 leading stations and cities in Canada and the United States, as far even as Kansas, a distance of 1,694 miles from Quebec and of 1,818 from Portland. The valuable Pamphlets on the resources of Canada, the Map of Canada, showing the railway connections with the United States, the tariff of Through Rates, and the protection afforded to emigrants by the Grand Trunk route, continue to be issued as usual, gratis, on application either personally or by letter, at 21, Old Broad-street, London, E.C.


Quebec
From a report of Mr. Buchanan, Chief Emigrant Agent, Quebec, we extract the following comparative statement of the arrivals in Canada from each country during 1856 and 1857:-

    1856 1857
From England 40,353 15,471
  Ireland 1,688 2,016
  Scotland 2,794 3,218
  Germany 4,537 4,961
  Norway and Sweden 2,806 6,407
  Lower provinces 261 24
    22,439 32,097

Distinguishing the nationality or origin of the immigrants during the season of 1857, the ruturns show as follows, viz.:-

English 11,098
Irish 4,466
Scotch 4,925
Germans 4,872
Norwegians 6,119
Swedes 351
Belgians 215
Canadians 51
  32,097

...Of the whole immigration of the season there arrived by-

  Cabin Passengers Steerage Passengers
18 Steam ships 1,546 3,245
217 Sailing vessels 291 27,012
  1,837 30,257

There has been very little sickness among the English, Irish, and Scotch emigrants, the average mortality having been not more than one-third of one per cent., chiefly confined to children. The foreign passengers have suffered more; but among them the average mortality, between embarkation in Europe and landing in Quebec, has been less than 1 per cent., children included. The mortality at sea has been confined to the sailing ships; not a single death had been reported on board any of the steamers to the 16th Nov.

...The only case of personal ill-treatment which came under my notice was made against the officers of the ship E.A. Bright, Olive, master, from Liverpool; but they, dreading the punishment which they were sensible awaited them, deserted the ship immediately on arrival in port, and thus escaped.


The Canadian Steam Line.-The Canadian steam ship Indian, Captain Jones, will sail from this port for Liverpool this forenoon. She is the last vessel of the line from the St. Lawrence this season, and takes out with the mails about 90 cabin and 110 steerage passengers, and a very full cargo. We cannot but congratulate the company upon the character which these steam ships have acquired for speed and regularity of arrival and departure. The loss of the Canadian early in the season was not allowed to interfere with the performance of their contract, further than the detention at Quebec of some of the vessels, much to the chagrin of the people of Montreal, who seem to have a rooted idea that the barriers of nature are to be broken down, and the people of this province taxed in the shape of a large bonus to the company, so that Montreal may become what it was never intended to be-the seaport of Canada. Next year we shall have a regular weekly steam communication between the St. Lawrence and Liverpool, and the size of the additional vessels to be placed on the line will doubtless preclude further sacrifice to this Montreal whim; at any rate, in so far as they are concerned.-Quebec Chronicle, Nov. 14.

Transatlantic Competition:- It is very evident that a complete revolution is in progress in our system of ocean steam navigation. The Atlantic was going out with only twenty passengers, Commodore Vanderbilt is rapidly effecting his purpose of breaking down the monopoly which the mail contracts have given the other lines. His first blows are aimed at the Collins line,-as he always sails on the same day with its best steamers. He carries letters, not upon contract, but receiving as compensation the postage paid. He has reduced the price of a passage very largely, and has made some of the quickest trips ever effected. The result is a very serious curtailment of the patronage of the Collins line; and unless their ships also reduce the price of passage it must inevitably be broken down. The Cunarders from this port do better, because they sail on different days and enjoy better reputation. But the Cunard line from Boston has been compelled to reduce its rates by the competition of the line of screw steamers from Quebec, which is making very rapid passages and at low prices. The result is that nearly all the Canadian patronage, which used to be a very large item in the business of the Cunard line from Boston, now takes the other route, and the Cunarders have accordingly very wisely reduced their rates from thirty guineas to twenty-one pounds-a difference of nearly fifty dollars.-New York Times.

December 23, 1857

The weather, which had been cold for a few days and stopped the navigation of the canals, again became mild, and navigation was resumed. On the Erie Canal, a large amount of western produce was detained in transit, but it is now expected the whole will reach the seaboard without further difficulty. Our port is completely deserted, excepting a few steamers still plying. On Saturday last, the C.J. Kershaw, a large three-masted schooner, direct from Liverpool to Chicago, passed through on her way upwards; but I am very doubtful whether she will be able to get through the Beauharnois Canal, for the last few nights we have again had cold weather; four days earlier would have made all the difference in her favour.

January 7th - May 27th | June 10th - August 5th | August 19th - Dec 23rd

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